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Solomon Islands — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in the Solomon Islands is

2017: 1,0001
2007: 02 3

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in the Solomon Islands is

2017: 0.201
2002: 0.002

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

In the Solomon Islands, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be 02

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

In the Solomon Islands, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be 02

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

In the Solomon Islands, the number of handguns in civilian possession is reported to be 02

Proportion of Adults Living in a Home With a Gun

In the Solomon Islands, the percentage of adults living in a household with a firearm is reported to be 0%2

Proportion of Households with Firearms

In the Solomon Islands, the percentage of households with one or more guns is reported to be 0%2

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

The number of licensed gun owners in the Solomon Islands is reported to be

2004: 02

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

The rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in the Solomon Islands is

2004: 0.02

Number of Registered Firearms

The number of registered guns in the Solomon Islands is reported to be

2002: 02

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

The rate of registered guns per 100 people in the Solomon Islands is

2002: 02

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of the Solomon Islands are reported to have 02 firearms

Routine Arming of Police

In the Solomon Islands, police officers on routine patrol do not carry a firearm2

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in the Solomon Islands are reported to have 704 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn the Solomon Islands, annual homicides by any means total

2016: 265
2015: 26
2012: 246
2010: 25
2008: 197 8
2007: 267
2006: 23
2005: 26
2004: 20
2000: 25

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn the Solomon Islands, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 4.095
2015: 4.18
2012: 4.36
2010: 4.47
2008: 3.569
2007: 4.99
2006: 4.8
2005: 5.5
2004: 4.47 10
2000: 5.76

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn the Solomon Islands, annual male homicides by any means total

2016: 195
2015: 19
2010: 19
2008: 1511
2000: 19

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn the Solomon Islands, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 5.865
2015: 5.98
2010: 6.65
2008: 5.6911
2000: 8.59

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn the Solomon Islands, annual female homicides by any means total

2016: 65
2015: 6
2010: 6
2008: 411
2000: 6

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn the Solomon Islands, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 1.935
2015: 1.97
2010: 2.19
2008: 1.7711
2000: 2.82

Gun Homicides

ChartIn the Solomon Islands, annual firearm homicides total

2008: 07
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 0
2004: 0

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Solomon Islands, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2008: 0.07
2007: 0.0
2006: 0.0
2005: 0.0
2004: 0.0

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn the Solomon Islands, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2008: 0%6
2007: 0%
2006: 0%
2005: 0%

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn the Solomon Islands, annual suicides by any means total

2016: 285
2015: 29
2010: 30
2000: 46

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn the Solomon Islands, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 4.415
2015: 4.66
2010: 5.36
2000: 10.61

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn the Solomon Islands, annual male suicides by any means total

2016: 215
2015: 21
2010: 21
2000: 31

Rate of Male Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn the Solomon Islands, the annual rate of male suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 6.485
2015: 6.61
2010: 7.35
2000: 14.01

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn the Solomon Islands, annual female suicides by any means total

2016: 85
2015: 8
2010: 9
2000: 16

Rate of Female Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn the Solomon Islands, the annual rate of female suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 2.575
2015: 2.63
2010: 3.29
2000: 7.53

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In the Solomon Islands, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is prohibited12

Home-made Guns

In the Solomon Islands, the prevalence of illicit craft, or 'home-made' firearm manufacture is reported to be moderate13 14

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In the Solomon Islands, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law15

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from the Solomon Islands is reported by Customs to be US$016 (2011)

Firearm Imports

In the Solomon Islands, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law17 18

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to the Solomon Islands is reported by Customs to be US$77316 (2011)

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in the Solomon Islands is low19

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In the Solomon Islands, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are not specifically regulated by law20 21

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in the Solomon Islands do not include20 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in the Solomon Islands is categorised as restrictive22

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in the Solomon Islands includes the Firearms and Ammunition Act 1967 (Revised 1996)23

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in the Solomon Islands are regulated by the Principal Licensing Officer24

Right to Possess Firearms

In the Solomon Islands, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law25 26 20

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In the Solomon Islands, civilians are not allowed to possess all firearms27 27 28

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In the Solomon Islands, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited27 28 8

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In the Solomon Islands, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is prohibited27

Regulation of Handguns

In the Solomon Islands, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is prohibited27 8

Law Regulates Long Guns

In the Solomon Islands, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law27 8

Gun Ownership and Possession

In the Solomon Islands, no civilian29 30 8 31 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in the Solomon Islands are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting, fishing30 32

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in the Solomon Islands is 21 years33

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in the Solomon Islands must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental health and addiction30 34 8 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In the Solomon Islands, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required20

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in the Solomon Islands do not stipulate20 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In the Solomon Islands, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is not required35 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In the Solomon Islands, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every one year30

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In the Solomon Islands, the law does not require36 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In the Solomon Islands, licensed firearm dealers are required37 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In the Solomon Islands, State agencies are required38 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In the Solomon Islands, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited without a valid firearms licence39

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In the Solomon Islands, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful37 39

Regulation of Gun Shows

In the Solomon Islands, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are regulated37 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in the Solomon Islands include40 30 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in the Solomon Islands include41 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in the Solomon Islands do not include20 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In the Solomon Islands, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law8

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In the Solomon Islands, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm42 is five to 10 years in prison43

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

Pacific Islands Forum

As a member of the Pacific Islands Forum, the Solomon Islands adopted the March, 2000 Nadi Framework agreement, which aims to harmonise small arms-related legislation across Oceania. In August 2003, the Nadi Framework’s draft model Weapons Control Bill was unanimously accepted for consideration by all 16 member states of the Pacific Islands Forum44 45

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 200846 by the Solomon Islands.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has not been signed47 by the Solomon Islands

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has not been signed48 by the Solomon Islands

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, the Solomon Islands committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects49

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored the Solomon Islands against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 9750 51 52 53 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, the Solomon Islands have submitted one or more national reports54 55 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In the Solomon Islands, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated56 55

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In the Solomon Islands, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated55

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of the Solomon Islands submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent55

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated55 by the Solomon Islands to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided55 to the Solomon Islands by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, the Solomon Islands have not declared57 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, the Solomon Islands have been a Member State of the United Nations since 197858

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list59 the Solomon Islands as a Participating State

BackgroundSustainable Development Goal Profile

About SDG 16

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are 17 goals set by the United Nations to be implemented by all member states by 2030. Adopted in 2015, they outline a vision of development in which peace and security are an integral part. SDG 16,60 which seeks to “promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development,” includes targets and indicators focused on reducing violence (Target 16.1) and the proliferation of illicit arms (Target 16.4). The indicators – or measurement criteria – of these targets include the number of victims of intentional homicide (Indicator 16.1.1), the number of conflict-related deaths (Indicator 16.1.2), and the number of illicit firearms collected and traced (Indicator 16.4.2). In light of these targets and indicators, GunPolicy.org provides granular national data pertaining to homicides, gun homicides, conflict deaths, disarmament efforts, and marking and tracing.

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn the Solomon Islands, annual homicides by any means total

2016: 265
2015: 26
2012: 246
2010: 25
2008: 197 8
2007: 267
2006: 23
2005: 26
2004: 20
2000: 25

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn the Solomon Islands, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 4.095
2015: 4.18
2012: 4.36
2010: 4.47
2008: 3.569
2007: 4.99
2006: 4.8
2005: 5.5
2004: 4.47 10
2000: 5.76

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn the Solomon Islands, annual male homicides by any means total

2016: 195
2015: 19
2010: 19
2008: 1511
2000: 19

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn the Solomon Islands, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 5.865
2015: 5.98
2010: 6.65
2008: 5.6911
2000: 8.59

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn the Solomon Islands, annual female homicides by any means total

2016: 65
2015: 6
2010: 6
2008: 411
2000: 6

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn the Solomon Islands, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 1.935
2015: 1.97
2010: 2.19
2008: 1.7711
2000: 2.82

Gun Homicides

ChartIn the Solomon Islands, annual firearm homicides total

2008: 07
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 0
2004: 0

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Solomon Islands, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2008: 0.07
2007: 0.0
2006: 0.0
2005: 0.0
2004: 0.0

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn the Solomon Islands, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2008: 0%6
2007: 0%
2006: 0%
2005: 0%

Conflict Deaths

For a profile of conflict in the Solomon Islands, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Disarmament

Authorities in the Solomon Islands are known to have61 62 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Surrendered in Gun Amnesty

In the Solomon Islands, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered in recent arms amnesty and collection programmes is reported to be 5,80061 (2000) and 3,73063 (2002-04)

Small Arms Destroyed

In the Solomon Islands, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be 6,00061 62

Marking and Tracing

Firearm Marking

In the Solomon Islands, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law64 65 66

Firearm Tracing

In the Solomon Islands, state authorities do not carry out64 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Global Peace Index

To see where the Solomon Islands ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index, and then click on the Solomon Islands on the map or in the "Select Country" menu on the right of the web page


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