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Slovakia — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Slovakia is

2017: 355,0001
2007: 450,0002

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Slovakia is

2017: 6.501
2007: 8.32

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

In Slovakia, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be 115,3993

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

In Slovakia, the number of handguns in civilian possession is reported to be 54,9583

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Slovakia ranked at No. 854

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Slovakia ranked at No. 732

Proportion of Adults Living in a Home With a Gun

In Slovakia, the percentage of adults living in a household with a firearm is reported to be

2015: 4%5

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Slovakia is reported to be

2017: 280,0001
2007: 170,3572 3

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

The rate of registered guns per 100 people in Slovakia is 3.146

Estimated Number of Illicit Firearms

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Slovakia there are estimated to be

2017: 75,0001

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Slovakia are reported to have 33,1507 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Slovakia are reported to have 43,0008 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Slovakia, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 1039 10 11 12
2013: 96
2012: 100
2010: 9513 14
2009: 1069 10 11 12
2008: 83
2005: 113
2004: 145
2003: 131
2002: 128
2001: 122
2000: 155
1999: 171
1998: 139
1997: 139
1996: 134
1995: 122
1994: 128
1993: 1379 10 11
1992: 125

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Slovakia, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 1.8915
2013: 1.76
2012: 1.84
2010: 1.75
2009: 1.946
2008: 1.52
2005: 2.08
2004: 2.67
2003: 2.42
2002: 2.37
2001: 2.26
2000: 2.87
1999: 3.17
1998: 2.58
1997: 2.58
1996: 2.49
1995: 2.28
1994: 2.39
1993: 2.57
1992: 2.36

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Slovakia, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 9115
2013: 84
2012: 92
2010: 86

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Slovakia, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 1215
2013: 12
2012: 8
2010: 9

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Slovakia, annual homicides by any means total

2015: 4816
2014: 4715
2013: 67
2012: 57
2011: 9617 18 19
2010: 65
2009: 84
2008: 94
2007: 89
2006: 8917 18 20
2005: 106
2004: 12217 18 21
2003: 146
2002: 13817 18 22
2001: 129
2000: 14317 18 23
1999: 14118 23
1998: 128
1997: 14018
1996: 132
1995: 128

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Slovakia, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.8816
2014: 1.8915
2013: 1.76
2012: 1.84
2011: 1.77
2010: 1.75
2009: 1.5
2008: 1.717 18 24
2007: 1.6
2006: 1.617 18 20 24
2005: 2.0
2004: 2.317 18 21 24
2003: 2.7
2002: 2.617 18 22 24
2001: 2.4
2000: 2.717 18 23 24
1999: 2.618 23 24
1998: 2.4
1997: 2.618 24
1996: 2.5
1995: 2.4

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Slovakia, annual male homicides by any means total

2015: 3325
2014: 2915
2013: 37
2012: 34
2011: 62
2010: 36

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Slovakia, annual female homicides by any means total

2015: 1525
2014: 1815
2013: 30
2012: 23
2011: 34
2010: 29

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Slovakia, annual firearm homicides total

2014: 119
2013: 13
2012: 9
2011: 1317
2010: 10
2009: 39 17
2008: 6
2007: 1817
2006: 1617 20
2005: 139 17 18
2004: 269 18
2003: 23
2002: 239
2001: 20
2000: 34
1999: 43
1998: 30
1997: 40
1996: 29
1995: 18
1994: 24
1993: 48
1992: 51

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Slovakia, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.2015
2013: 0.24
2012: 0.17
2011: 0.246
2010: 0.18
2009: 0.069 6
2008: 0.11
2007: 0.336
2006: 0.296 20
2005: 0.249 6 18
2004: 0.489 18
2003: 0.43
2002: 0.439
2001: 0.37
2000: 0.63
1999: 0.8
1998: 0.56
1997: 0.74
1996: 0.54
1995: 0.34
1994: 0.45
1993: 0.9
1992: 0.96

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Slovakia, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2012: 19%17
2011: 14%17 19
2010: 19%17
2009: 17%
2008: 19%
2007: 20%
2006: 18%
2005: 11%
2004: 25.4%18
2003: 27.4%

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Slovakia, annual male firearm homicides total

2015: 415
2014: 4
2013: 7
2012: 6
2010: 5

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Slovakia, annual female firearm homicides total

2015: 715
2014: 7
2013: 6
2012: 3
2010: 5

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn Slovakia, annual handgun homicides total

2014: 99
2013: 8
2012: 8
2009: 3
2008: 6
2005: 11
2004: 18
2003: 19
2002: 17
2001: 13
2000: 20
1999: 20
1998: 25
1997: 28
1996: 18
1995: 16
1994: 12

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Slovakia, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.179
2013: 0.15
2012: 0.15
2009: 0.06
2008: 0.11
2005: 0.20
2004: 0.33
2003: 0.35
2002: 0.32
2001: 0.24
2000: 0.37
1999: 0.37
1998: 0.46
1997: 0.52
1996: 0.34
1995: 0.30
1994: 0.22

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn Slovakia, annual long gun homicides total

2014: 29
2013: 3
2012: 1
2010: 6
2005: 2
2004: 3
2003: 3
2002: 3
2001: 3
2000: 7
1999: 11
1998: 3
1997: 3
1996: 5
1995: 1
1994: 4

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Slovakia, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.049
2013: 0.06
2012: 0.02
2010: 0.11
2005: 0.04
2004: 0.06
2003: 0.06
2002: 0.06
2001: 0.06
2000: 0.13
1999: 0.20
1998: 0.06
1997: 0.06
1996: 0.09
1995: 0.02
1994: 0.07

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn Slovakia, annual gun homicides (other) total

2013: 29
2010: 4
2004: 5
2003: 1
2002: 3
2001: 4
2000: 7
1999: 12
1998: 2
1997: 9
1996: 6
1995: 1
1994: 8

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Slovakia, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.049
2010: 0.07
2004: 0.09
2003: 0.02
2002: 0.06
2001: 0.07
2000: 0.13
1999: 0.22
1998: 0.04
1997: 0.17
1996: 0.11
1995: 0.02
1994: 0.15

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Slovakia, annual suicides by any means total

2014: 55315
2013: 616
2012: 571
2010: 631
1999: 69226

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Slovakia, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2014: 10.1615
2013: 11.32
2012: 10.50
2010: 11.63
1999: 12.8126

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Slovakia, annual male suicides by any means total

2014: 47115
2013: 533
2012: 499
2010: 539

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Slovakia, annual female suicides by any means total

2014: 8215
2013: 83
2012: 72
2010: 92

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Slovakia, annual firearm suicides total

2014: 5310
2013: 56
2012: 58
2010: 5110 14
2009: 6510
2008: 36
2005: 81
2004: 80
2003: 76
2002: 71
2001: 68
2000: 85
1999: 88
1998: 69
1997: 68
1996: 77
1995: 64
1994: 76
1993: 73
1992: 66

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Slovakia, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.9715
2013: 1.03
2012: 1.07
2010: 0.94
2009: 1.210
2008: 0.67
2005: 1.5
2004: 1.49
2003: 1.41
2002: 1.32
2001: 1.26
2000: 1.57
1999: 1.63
1998: 1.28
1997: 1.26
1996: 1.43
1995: 1.19
1994: 1.42
1993: 1.37
1992: 1.24

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Slovakia, annual male firearm suicides total

2014: 5115
2013: 53
2012: 55
2010: 49

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Slovakia, annual female firearm suicides total

2014: 215
2013: 3
2012: 3
2010: 2

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn Slovakia, annual handgun suicides total

2014: 3310
2013: 34
2012: 34
2010: 31
2009: 34
2008: 26
2005: 51
2004: 51
2003: 51
2002: 47
2001: 35
2000: 48
1999: 50
1998: 48
1997: 41
1996: 39
1995: 40
1994: 46

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Slovakia, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.6110
2013: 0.63
2012: 0.63
2010: 0.57
2009: 0.63
2008: 0.48
2005: 0.95
2004: 0.95
2003: 0.95
2002: 0.87
2001: 0.65
2000: 0.89
1999: 0.93
1998: 0.89
1997: 0.76
1996: 0.73
1995: 0.75
1994: 0.86

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn Slovakia, the number of long gun suicides is

2014: 1110
2013: 15
2012: 15
2010: 14
2009: 16
2008: 3
2005: 16
2004: 12
2003: 11
2002: 13
2001: 13
2000: 15
1999: 14
1998: 12
1997: 12
1996: 18
1995: 12
1994: 13

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Slovakia, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.2010
2013: 0.28
2012: 0.28
2010: 0.26
2009: 0.30
2008: 0.06
2005: 0.30
2004: 0.22
2003: 0.20
2002: 0.24
2001: 0.24
2000: 0.28
1999: 0.26
1998: 0.22
1997: 0.22
1996: 0.34
1995: 0.22
1994: 0.24

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn Slovakia, annual gun suicides (other) total

2014: 910
2013: 7
2012: 9
2010: 6
2009: 15
2008: 7
2005: 14
2004: 17
2003: 14
2002: 11
2001: 20
2000: 22
1999: 24
1998: 9
1997: 15
1996: 20
1995: 12
1994: 17

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Slovakia, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.1710
2013: 0.13
2012: 0.17
2010: 0.11
2009: 0.28
2008: 0.13
2005: 0.26
2004: 0.32
2003: 0.26
2002: 0.20
2001: 0.37
2000: 0.41
1999: 0.44
1998: 0.17
1997: 0.28
1996: 0.37
1995: 0.22
1994: 0.32

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Slovakia, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2014: 2011
2013: 16
2012: 18
2010: 2111 14
2009: 2511
2008: 23
2005: 9
2004: 24
2003: 21
2002: 18
2001: 16
2000: 18
1999: 20
1998: 21
1997: 15
1996: 17
1995: 25
1994: 15
1993: 16
1992: 8

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Slovakia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.3515
2013: 0.20
2012: 0.28
2010: 0.24
2009: 0.46
2008: 0.43
2005: 0.17
2004: 0.45
2003: 0.39
2002: 0.33
2001: 0.3
2000: 0.33
1999: 0.37
1998: 0.39
1997: 0.28
1996: 0.32
1995: 0.47
1994: 0.28
1993: 0.3
1992: 0.15

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Slovakia, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2014: 1715
2013: 13
2012: 16
2010: 20

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Slovakia, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2014: 315
2013: 3
2012: 2
2010: 1

Unintentional Handgun Deaths

ChartIn Slovakia, annual unintentional shooting deaths by handgun total

2014: 1311
2013: 9
2012: 11
2010: 13
2009: 18
2008: 13
2005: 3
2004: 8
2003: 17
2002: 11
2001: 8
2000: 10
1999: 12
1998: 13
1997: 10
1996: 6
1995: 10
1994: 9

Rate of Unintentional Handgun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Slovakia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by handgun per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.2411
2013: 0.17
2012: 0.20
2010: 0.24
2009: 0.33
2008: 0.24
2005: 0.06
2004: 0.15
2003: 0.32
2002: 0.20
2001: 0.15
2000: 0.19
1999: 0.22
1998: 0.24
1997: 0.19
1996: 0.11
1995: 0.19
1994: 0.17

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn Slovakia, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2014: 211
2013: 4
2012: 3
2010: 7
2009: 4
2008: 3
2005: 2
2004: 5
2003: 1
2002: 5
2001: 5
2000: 4
1999: 5
1998: 4
1997: 3
1996: 4
1995: 6
1994: 5

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Slovakia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0411
2013: 0.07
2012: 0.06
2010: 0.13
2009: 0.07
2008: 0.06
2005: 0.04
2004: 0.09
2003: 0.02
2002: 0.09
2001: 0.09
2000: 0.07
1999: 0.09
1998: 0.07
1997: 0.06
1996: 0.07
1995: 0.11
1994: 0.09

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn Slovakia, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2014: 511
2013: 3
2012: 4
2010: 1
2009: 3
2008: 7
2005: 4
2004: 11
2003: 3
2002: 2
2001: 3
2000: 4
1999: 3
1998: 4
1997: 2
1996: 7
1995: 9
1994: 1

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Slovakia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0911
2013: 0.06
2012: 0.07
2010: 0.02
2009: 0.06
2008: 0.13
2005: 0.07
2004: 0.20
2003: 0.06
2002: 0.04
2001: 0.06
2000: 0.07
1999: 0.06
1998: 0.07
1997: 0.04
1996: 0.13
1995: 0.17
1994: 0.02

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Slovakia, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 1912
2013: 11
2012: 15
2010: 1312 14
2009: 1312
2008: 18
2005: 10
2004: 15
2003: 11
2002: 16
2001: 18
2000: 18
1999: 20
1998: 19
1997: 16
1996: 11
1995: 15
1994: 13

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Slovakia, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.3512
2013: 0.20
2012: 0.28
2010: 0.24
2009: 0.24
2008: 0.33
2005: 0.19
2004: 0.28
2003: 0.20
2002: 0.30
2001: 0.33
2000: 0.33
1999: 0.37
1998: 0.35
1997: 0.30
1996: 0.20
1995: 0.28
1994: 0.24

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Slovakia, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 1915
2013: 11
2012: 15
2010: 12

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Slovakia, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 015
2013: 0
2012: 0
2010: 1

Handgun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Slovakia, annual deaths by handgun in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 1212
2013: 7
2012: 7
2010: 9
2009: 8
2008: 13
2005: 5
2004: 8
2003: 3
2002: 11
2001: 10
2000: 8
1999: 14
1998: 13
1997: 8
1996: 6
1995: 10
1994: 7

Rate of Handgun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Slovakia, the annual rate of unknown-cause handgun deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.2212
2013: 0.13
2012: 0.13
2010: 0.17
2009: 0.15
2008: 0.24
2005: 0.09
2004: 0.15
2003: 0.06
2002: 0.20
2001: 0.19
2000: 0.15
1999: 0.26
1998: 0.24
1997: 0.15
1996: 0.11
1995: 0.19
1994: 0.13

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Slovakia, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 412
2013: 2
2012: 6
2010: 4
2009: 2
2008: 2
2005: 2
2004: 5
2003: 2
2002: 2
2001: 5
2000: 9
1999: 2
1998: 1
1997: 4
1996: 1
1995: 5
1994: 3

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Slovakia, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0712
2013: 0.04
2012: 0.11
2010: 0.07
2009: 0.04
2008: 0.04
2005: 0.04
2004: 0.09
2003: 0.04
2002: 0.04
2001: 0.09
2000: 0.17
1999: 0.04
1998: 0.02
1997: 0.07
1996: 0.02
1995: 0.09
1994: 0.06

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Slovakia, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 312
2013: 2
2012: 2
2009: 3
2008: 3
2005: 3
2004: 2
2003: 6
2002: 3
2001: 3
2000: 1
1999: 4
1998: 5
1997: 4
1996: 4
1994: 3

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Slovakia, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0612
2013: 0.04
2012: 0.04
2009: 0.06
2008: 0.06
2005: 0.06
2004: 0.04
2003: 0.11
2002: 0.06
2001: 0.06
2000: 0.02
1999: 0.07
1998: 0.09
1997: 0.07
1996: 0.07
1994: 0.06

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Slovakia, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence27 28

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, Slovakia was ranked 'small'29

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Slovakia, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law30 31 28 32 33 34 35 36

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Slovakia is reported by Customs to be US$5,192,89637 (2011)

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Slovakia was categorized as 'minor'38

Firearm Imports

In Slovakia, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law30 31 28 32 33 34 35

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Slovakia is reported by Customs to be US$8,992,11537 (2011)39 40 41 42

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Slovakia is moderate3

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Slovakia, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law43 44 45 46

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Slovakia include30 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

ChartIn its annual Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer, the Small Arms Survey compares public reporting among major arms exporting nations on a scale from strong to weak (25 to zero). In recent years, Slovakia scored

2018: 15.2547
2016: 15.7548
2014: 16.0049
2013: 14.2550
2012: 15.5051
2011: 13.5052
2010: 12.5053
2009: 14.7554
2008: 15.5055
2007: 13.2556
2006: 12.0057
2005: 12.5058
2004: 9.7559

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Slovakia is categorised as restrictive60

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Slovakia includes the Act No. 190/2003 on Firearms, the Act No. 455/1991 on Business,27 the Acts No. 392/2011 and No. 144/2013 on Trade,30 Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons,61 62 the European Union Firearms Regulation of 2012, the Common Position on the Control of Arms Brokering of 2003,63 and the Convention of 1 July 1969 on Reciprocal Recognition of Proofmarks on Small Arms64

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Slovakia are regulated by the District Commandership of the Police Corps,3 and the European Commission62

Right to Possess Firearms

In Slovakia, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law65 66

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Slovakia, civilians are not allowed to possess automatic firearms, firearms disguised as other objects, and armour-piercing, incendiary and expanding ammunition67 68

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Slovakia, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited67 68 19

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Slovakia, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted only with special authorisation69 70 68

Regulation of Handguns

In Slovakia, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted only with special authorisation67 69 70 68 19

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Slovakia, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law69 70 68 19

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Slovakia, only licensed gun owners28 71 67 69 19 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Slovakia are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting, target shooting, collection, personal protection, security72

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Slovakia is 21 years or 18 years with a hunting training certificate72

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Slovakia must pass a background check which considers criminal and mental health72 19 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Slovakia, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required3

Firearm Safety Training

In Slovakia, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is not required3 for a firearm licence

Licensing Records

In Slovakia, authorities maintain a record3 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Slovakia are permitted to possess only ammunition suitable for the intended firearm73

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Slovakia, the law requires74 75 76 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Slovakia, licensed firearm dealers are required76 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Slovakia, licensed gun makers are required27 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Slovakia, State agencies are required74 77 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Slovakia, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful78 70

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Slovakia include3 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Slovakia include77 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Slovakia include3 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Slovakia, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law75 79 27 28 80 81 82

Firearm Tracing

In Slovakia, state authorities carry out83 80 81 76 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Slovakia, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law19

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Slovakia, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed without a permit, depending on weapon type3

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Slovakia, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm84 is eight years in prison28 85

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in Slovakia are known to have86 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Slovakia, it is not state policy77 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

European Union

As a member of the European Union, Slovakia is bound by the provisions of the ‘EU Firearms Directive’ – the 2007 Legislative Resolution on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons of the European Parliament87 88

European Union Export Reporting

Under the European Union Common Position on Arms Exports, Slovakia is bound to declare its transfers of military technology and equipment. Independent monitoring provides detailed comparisons of arms export reporting compliance across EU member states, and records that Slovakia has submitted one or more national reports89 on its arms transfers

United Nations Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice

The UNCCPCJ, a subsidiary body of the Economic and Social Council mandated to promote action to prevent national and transnational crime, lists90 Slovakia as an elected member

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 200891 by Slovakia.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified92 by Slovakia

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified93 by Slovakia

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Slovakia committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects94

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Slovakia against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 6695 96 97 98 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Slovakia has submitted one or more national reports99 100 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Slovakia, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated101 100

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Slovakia, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated102 101 100

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Slovakia submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was not apparent100

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been donated100 by Slovakia to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided100 to Slovakia by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Slovakia has declared103 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Slovakia has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1993104

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies lists105 Slovakia as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Slovakia, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Slovakia ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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