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Slovakia — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Slovakia is

2017: 355,0001
2007: 450,0002

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Slovakia is

2017: 6.501
2007: 8.32

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

In Slovakia, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be 115,3993

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

In Slovakia, the number of handguns in civilian possession is reported to be 54,9583

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Slovakia ranked at No. 854

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Slovakia ranked at No. 732

Proportion of Adults Living in a Home With a Gun

In Slovakia, the percentage of adults living in a household with a firearm is reported to be

2015: 4%5

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Slovakia is reported to be

2017: 280,0001
2007: 170,3572 3

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

The rate of registered guns per 100 people in Slovakia is

2007: 3.146

Estimated Number of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms

Unregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,7 but in Slovakia there are estimated to be

2017: 75,0001

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Slovakia are reported to have 33,1508 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Slovakia are reported to have 43,0009 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Slovakia, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 10310 11 12 13
2013: 96
2012: 100
2010: 9514 15
2009: 10610 11 12 13
2008: 84
2005: 113
2004: 145
2003: 131
2002: 128
2001: 122
2000: 155
1999: 171
1998: 139
1997: 139
1996: 134
1995: 122
1994: 128
1993: 13710 11 12
1992: 125

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Slovakia, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 1.8916
2013: 1.76
2012: 1.84
2010: 1.75
2009: 1.96
2008: 1.55
2005: 2.08
2004: 2.67
2003: 2.42
2002: 2.37
2001: 2.26
2000: 2.87
1999: 3.17
1998: 2.58
1997: 2.58
1996: 2.49
1995: 2.28
1994: 2.39
1993: 2.57
1992: 2.36

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Slovakia, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 9116
2013: 84
2012: 92
2010: 86
2009: 98
2008: 80

Rate of Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Slovakia, the annual rate of male gun death per 100,000 population is

2014: 3.4416
2013: 3.18
2012: 3.49
2010: 3.27
2009: 3.73
2008: 3.04

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Slovakia, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 1216
2013: 12
2012: 8
2010: 9
2009: 8
2008: 4

Rate of Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Slovakia, the annual rate of female gun death per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.4316
2013: 0.43
2012: 0.29
2010: 0.32
2009: 0.29
2008: 0.14

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Slovakia, annual homicides by any means total

2016: 5717
2015: 44
2014: 4716
2013: 67
2012: 57
2011: 88
2010: 65
2009: 62
2008: 69
2007: 82
2006: 8918 19 20
2005: 106
2004: 12218 19 21
2003: 146
2002: 13818 19 22
2001: 129
2000: 14318 19 23
1999: 14119 23
1998: 128
1997: 14019
1996: 132
1995: 128

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Slovakia, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 1.0517
2015: 0.81
2014: 0.8616
2013: 1.23
2012: 1.05
2011: 1.62
2010: 1.20
2009: 1.14
2008: 1.27
2007: 1.52
2006: 1.618 19 20 24
2005: 2.0
2004: 2.318 19 21 24
2003: 2.7
2002: 2.618 19 22 24
2001: 2.4
2000: 2.718 19 23 24
1999: 2.619 23 24
1998: 2.4
1997: 2.619 24
1996: 2.5
1995: 2.4

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Slovakia, annual male homicides by any means total

2016: 3725
2015: 30
2014: 2916
2013: 37
2012: 34
2011: 57
2010: 36
2009: 38
2008: 47
2007: 54

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Slovakia, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 1.4025
2015: 1.13
2014: 1.1016
2013: 1.40
2012: 1.29
2011: 2.17
2010: 1.37
2009: 1.44
2008: 1.79
2007: 2.06

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Slovakia, annual female homicides by any means total

2016: 2025
2015: 14
2014: 1816
2013: 30
2012: 23
2011: 31
2010: 29
2009: 24
2008: 22
2007: 28

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Slovakia, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.7225
2015: 0.50
2014: 0.6416
2013: 1.07
2012: 0.82
2011: 1.11
2010: 1.04
2009: 0.86
2008: 0.79
2007: 1.01

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Slovakia, annual firearm homicides total

2014: 1110
2013: 13
2012: 9
2011: 1318
2010: 10
2009: 310 18
2008: 6
2007: 1818
2006: 1618 20
2005: 1310 18 19
2004: 2610 19
2003: 23
2002: 2310
2001: 20
2000: 34
1999: 43
1998: 30
1997: 40
1996: 29
1995: 18
1994: 24
1993: 48
1992: 51

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Slovakia, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.2016
2013: 0.24
2012: 0.17
2011: 0.246
2010: 0.18
2009: 0.06
2008: 0.11
2007: 0.336
2006: 0.296 20
2005: 0.2410 6 19
2004: 0.4810 19
2003: 0.43
2002: 0.4310
2001: 0.37
2000: 0.63
1999: 0.8
1998: 0.56
1997: 0.74
1996: 0.54
1995: 0.34
1994: 0.45
1993: 0.9
1992: 0.96

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Slovakia, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2012: 19%18
2011: 14%18 26
2010: 19%18
2009: 17%
2008: 19%
2007: 20%
2006: 18%
2005: 11%
2004: 25.4%19
2003: 27.4%

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Slovakia, annual male firearm homicides total

2015: 416
2014: 4
2013: 7
2012: 6
2010: 5
2009: 1
2008: 6

Rate of Male Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Slovakia, the annual rate of male firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.1516
2013: 0.27
2012: 0.23
2010: 0.19
2009: 0.04
2008: 0.23

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Slovakia, annual female firearm homicides total

2015: 716
2014: 7
2013: 6
2012: 3
2010: 5
2009: 2

Rate of Female Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Slovakia, the annual rate of female firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.2516
2013: 0.21
2012: 0.11
2010: 0.18
2009: 0.07

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn Slovakia, annual handgun homicides total

2014: 910
2013: 8
2012: 8
2009: 3
2008: 6
2005: 11
2004: 18
2003: 19
2002: 17
2001: 13
2000: 20
1999: 20
1998: 25
1997: 28
1996: 18
1995: 16
1994: 12

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Slovakia, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.1710
2013: 0.15
2012: 0.15
2009: 0.06
2008: 0.11
2005: 0.20
2004: 0.33
2003: 0.35
2002: 0.32
2001: 0.24
2000: 0.37
1999: 0.37
1998: 0.46
1997: 0.52
1996: 0.34
1995: 0.30
1994: 0.22

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn Slovakia, annual long gun homicides total

2014: 210
2013: 3
2012: 1
2010: 6
2005: 2
2004: 3
2003: 3
2002: 3
2001: 3
2000: 7
1999: 11
1998: 3
1997: 3
1996: 5
1995: 1
1994: 4

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Slovakia, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0410
2013: 0.06
2012: 0.02
2010: 0.11
2005: 0.04
2004: 0.06
2003: 0.06
2002: 0.06
2001: 0.06
2000: 0.13
1999: 0.20
1998: 0.06
1997: 0.06
1996: 0.09
1995: 0.02
1994: 0.07

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn Slovakia, annual gun homicides (other) total

2013: 210
2010: 4
2004: 5
2003: 1
2002: 3
2001: 4
2000: 7
1999: 12
1998: 2
1997: 9
1996: 6
1995: 1
1994: 8

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Slovakia, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0410
2010: 0.07
2004: 0.09
2003: 0.02
2002: 0.06
2001: 0.07
2000: 0.13
1999: 0.22
1998: 0.04
1997: 0.17
1996: 0.11
1995: 0.02
1994: 0.15

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Slovakia, annual suicides by any means total

2014: 55316
2013: 616
2012: 571
2010: 631
2009: 601
2008: 591
1999: 69227

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Slovakia, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2014: 10.1616
2013: 11.32
2012: 10.50
2010: 11.63
2009: 11.09
2008: 10.91
1999: 12.8127

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Slovakia, annual male suicides by any means total

2014: 47116
2013: 533
2012: 499
2010: 539
2009: 543
2008: 508

Rate of Male Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Slovakia, the annual rate of male suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2014: 17.8316
2013: 20.19
2012: 18.91
2010: 20.47
2009: 20.64
2008: 19.32

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Slovakia, annual female suicides by any means total

2014: 8216
2013: 83
2012: 72
2010: 92
2009: 58
2008: 83

Rate of Female Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Slovakia, the annual rate of female suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2014: 2.9316
2013: 2.96
2012: 2.57
2010: 3.29
2009: 2.08
2008: 2.98

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Slovakia, annual firearm suicides total

2014: 5311
2013: 56
2012: 58
2010: 5111 15
2009: 6511
2008: 36
2005: 81
2004: 80
2003: 76
2002: 71
2001: 68
2000: 85
1999: 88
1998: 69
1997: 68
1996: 77
1995: 64
1994: 76
1993: 73
1992: 66

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Slovakia, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.9716
2013: 1.03
2012: 1.07
2010: 0.94
2009: 1.20
2008: 0.66
2005: 1.5
2004: 1.49
2003: 1.41
2002: 1.32
2001: 1.26
2000: 1.57
1999: 1.63
1998: 1.28
1997: 1.26
1996: 1.43
1995: 1.19
1994: 1.42
1993: 1.37
1992: 1.24

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Slovakia, annual male firearm suicides total

2014: 5116
2013: 53
2012: 55
2010: 49
2009: 63
2008: 35

Rate of Male Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Slovakia, the annual rate of male firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 1.9316
2013: 2.01
2012: 2.08
2010: 1.86
2009: 2.39
2008: 1.33

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Slovakia, annual female firearm suicides total

2014: 216
2013: 3
2012: 3
2010: 2
2009: 2
2008: 1

Rate of Female Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Slovakia, the annual rate of female firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0716
2013: 0.11
2012: 0.11
2010: 0.07
2009: 0.07
2008: 0.04

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn Slovakia, annual handgun suicides total

2014: 3311
2013: 34
2012: 34
2010: 31
2009: 34
2008: 26
2005: 51
2004: 51
2003: 51
2002: 47
2001: 35
2000: 48
1999: 50
1998: 48
1997: 41
1996: 39
1995: 40
1994: 46

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Slovakia, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.6111
2013: 0.63
2012: 0.63
2010: 0.57
2009: 0.63
2008: 0.48
2005: 0.95
2004: 0.95
2003: 0.95
2002: 0.87
2001: 0.65
2000: 0.89
1999: 0.93
1998: 0.89
1997: 0.76
1996: 0.73
1995: 0.75
1994: 0.86

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn Slovakia, the number of long gun suicides is

2014: 1111
2013: 15
2012: 15
2010: 14
2009: 16
2008: 3
2005: 16
2004: 12
2003: 11
2002: 13
2001: 13
2000: 15
1999: 14
1998: 12
1997: 12
1996: 18
1995: 12
1994: 13

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Slovakia, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.2011
2013: 0.28
2012: 0.28
2010: 0.26
2009: 0.30
2008: 0.06
2005: 0.30
2004: 0.22
2003: 0.20
2002: 0.24
2001: 0.24
2000: 0.28
1999: 0.26
1998: 0.22
1997: 0.22
1996: 0.34
1995: 0.22
1994: 0.24

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn Slovakia, annual gun suicides (other) total

2014: 911
2013: 7
2012: 9
2010: 6
2009: 15
2008: 7
2005: 14
2004: 17
2003: 14
2002: 11
2001: 20
2000: 22
1999: 24
1998: 9
1997: 15
1996: 20
1995: 12
1994: 17

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Slovakia, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.1711
2013: 0.13
2012: 0.17
2010: 0.11
2009: 0.28
2008: 0.13
2005: 0.26
2004: 0.32
2003: 0.26
2002: 0.20
2001: 0.37
2000: 0.41
1999: 0.44
1998: 0.17
1997: 0.28
1996: 0.37
1995: 0.22
1994: 0.32

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Slovakia, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2014: 2012
2013: 16
2012: 18
2010: 2112 15
2009: 2512
2008: 23
2005: 9
2004: 24
2003: 21
2002: 18
2001: 16
2000: 18
1999: 20
1998: 21
1997: 15
1996: 17
1995: 25
1994: 15
1993: 16
1992: 8

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Slovakia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.3716
2013: 0.29
2012: 0.33
2010: 0.39
2009: 0.46
2008: 0.42
2005: 0.17
2004: 0.45
2003: 0.39
2002: 0.33
2001: 0.3
2000: 0.33
1999: 0.37
1998: 0.39
1997: 0.28
1996: 0.32
1995: 0.47
1994: 0.28
1993: 0.3
1992: 0.15

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Slovakia, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2014: 1716
2013: 13
2012: 16
2010: 20
2009: 22
2008: 23

Rate of Unintentional Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Slovakia, the annual rate of unintentional male shooting death per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.6416
2013: 0.49
2012: 0.61
2010: 0.76
2009: 0.84
2008: 0.87

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Slovakia, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2014: 316
2013: 3
2012: 2
2010: 1
2009: 3

Rate of Unintentional Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Slovakia, the annual rate of unintentional female shooting death per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.1116
2013: 0.11
2012: 0.07
2010: 0.04
2009: 0.11

Unintentional Handgun Deaths

ChartIn Slovakia, annual unintentional shooting deaths by handgun total

2014: 1312
2013: 9
2012: 11
2010: 13
2009: 18
2008: 13
2005: 3
2004: 8
2003: 17
2002: 11
2001: 8
2000: 10
1999: 12
1998: 13
1997: 10
1996: 6
1995: 10
1994: 9

Rate of Unintentional Handgun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Slovakia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by handgun per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.2412
2013: 0.17
2012: 0.20
2010: 0.24
2009: 0.33
2008: 0.24
2005: 0.06
2004: 0.15
2003: 0.32
2002: 0.20
2001: 0.15
2000: 0.19
1999: 0.22
1998: 0.24
1997: 0.19
1996: 0.11
1995: 0.19
1994: 0.17

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn Slovakia, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2014: 212
2013: 4
2012: 3
2010: 7
2009: 4
2008: 3
2005: 2
2004: 5
2003: 1
2002: 5
2001: 5
2000: 4
1999: 5
1998: 4
1997: 3
1996: 4
1995: 6
1994: 5

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Slovakia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0412
2013: 0.07
2012: 0.06
2010: 0.13
2009: 0.07
2008: 0.06
2005: 0.04
2004: 0.09
2003: 0.02
2002: 0.09
2001: 0.09
2000: 0.07
1999: 0.09
1998: 0.07
1997: 0.06
1996: 0.07
1995: 0.11
1994: 0.09

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn Slovakia, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2014: 512
2013: 3
2012: 4
2010: 1
2009: 3
2008: 7
2005: 4
2004: 11
2003: 3
2002: 2
2001: 3
2000: 4
1999: 3
1998: 4
1997: 2
1996: 7
1995: 9
1994: 1

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Slovakia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0912
2013: 0.06
2012: 0.07
2010: 0.02
2009: 0.06
2008: 0.13
2005: 0.07
2004: 0.20
2003: 0.06
2002: 0.04
2001: 0.06
2000: 0.07
1999: 0.06
1998: 0.07
1997: 0.04
1996: 0.13
1995: 0.17
1994: 0.02

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Slovakia, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 1913
2013: 11
2012: 15
2010: 1313 15
2009: 1313
2008: 18
2005: 10
2004: 15
2003: 11
2002: 16
2001: 18
2000: 18
1999: 20
1998: 19
1997: 16
1996: 11
1995: 15
1994: 13

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Slovakia, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.3516
2013: 0.20
2012: 0.28
2010: 0.24
2009: 0.24
2008: 0.33
2005: 0.19
2004: 0.28
2003: 0.20
2002: 0.30
2001: 0.33
2000: 0.33
1999: 0.37
1998: 0.35
1997: 0.30
1996: 0.20
1995: 0.28
1994: 0.24

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Slovakia, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 1916
2013: 11
2012: 15
2010: 12
2009: 12
2008: 15

Rate of Male Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Slovakia, the annual rate of unknown-cause male shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.7216
2013: 0.42
2012: 0.57
2010: 0.46
2009: 0.46
2008: 0.57

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Slovakia, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 016
2013: 0
2012: 0
2010: 1
2009: 1
2008: 3

Rate of Female Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Slovakia, the annual rate of unknown-cause female shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.0416
2009: 0.04
2008: 0.11

Handgun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Slovakia, annual deaths by handgun in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 1213
2013: 7
2012: 7
2010: 9
2009: 8
2008: 13
2005: 5
2004: 8
2003: 3
2002: 11
2001: 10
2000: 8
1999: 14
1998: 13
1997: 8
1996: 6
1995: 10
1994: 7

Rate of Handgun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Slovakia, the annual rate of unknown-cause handgun deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.2213
2013: 0.13
2012: 0.13
2010: 0.17
2009: 0.15
2008: 0.24
2005: 0.09
2004: 0.15
2003: 0.06
2002: 0.20
2001: 0.19
2000: 0.15
1999: 0.26
1998: 0.24
1997: 0.15
1996: 0.11
1995: 0.19
1994: 0.13

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Slovakia, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 413
2013: 2
2012: 6
2010: 4
2009: 2
2008: 2
2005: 2
2004: 5
2003: 2
2002: 2
2001: 5
2000: 9
1999: 2
1998: 1
1997: 4
1996: 1
1995: 5
1994: 3

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Slovakia, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0713
2013: 0.04
2012: 0.11
2010: 0.07
2009: 0.04
2008: 0.04
2005: 0.04
2004: 0.09
2003: 0.04
2002: 0.04
2001: 0.09
2000: 0.17
1999: 0.04
1998: 0.02
1997: 0.07
1996: 0.02
1995: 0.09
1994: 0.06

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Slovakia, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 313
2013: 2
2012: 2
2009: 3
2008: 3
2005: 3
2004: 2
2003: 6
2002: 3
2001: 3
2000: 1
1999: 4
1998: 5
1997: 4
1996: 4
1994: 3

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Slovakia, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0613
2013: 0.04
2012: 0.04
2009: 0.06
2008: 0.06
2005: 0.06
2004: 0.04
2003: 0.11
2002: 0.06
2001: 0.06
2000: 0.02
1999: 0.07
1998: 0.09
1997: 0.07
1996: 0.07
1994: 0.06

Legal Intervention Gun Homicides

In Slovakia, annual legal-intervention gun homicides total

2008: 116

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Slovakia, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence28 29

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, Slovakia was ranked 'small'30

Home-made Guns

In Slovakia, the prevalence of illicit craft, or 'home-made' firearm manufacture is reported to be high31

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Slovakia, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law32 33 29 34 35 36 37 38

Firearm Exports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms exported from Slovakia is reported by manufacturers to be

2018: 37,00039
2017: 92,554
2016: 59,063
2015: 61,92640
2014: 12,220
2013: 49,083
2012: 9,118
2011: 58,791
2010: 3,072
2009: 7,956
2008: 2,916
2007: 51,100
2006: 2,512

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Slovakia is reported by Customs to be US$5,192,89641 (2011)

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Slovakia was categorized as 'minor'42

Firearm Imports

In Slovakia, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law32 33 29 34 35 36 37

Firearm Imports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms imported to Slovakia is reported to be

2018: 13,55239
2017: 43,520
2016: 39,358
2015: 23,21240
2014: 22,125
2013: 19,219
2012: 11,044
2011: 6,266
2009: 4,996
2008: 7,215
2007: 30,268

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Slovakia is reported by Customs to be US$8,992,11541 (2011)43 44 45 46

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Slovakia is low47

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Slovakia, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law48 49 50 51

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Slovakia include32 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

ChartIn its annual Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer, the Small Arms Survey compares public reporting among major arms exporting nations on a scale from strong to weak (25 to zero). In recent years, Slovakia scored

2018: 15.2552
2016: 15.7553
2014: 16.0054
2013: 14.2555
2012: 15.5056
2011: 13.5057
2010: 12.5058
2009: 14.7559
2008: 15.5060
2007: 13.2561
2006: 12.0062
2005: 12.5063
2004: 9.7564

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Slovakia is categorised as restrictive65

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Slovakia includes the Act No. 190/2003 on Firearms, the Act No. 455/1991 on Business,28 the Acts No. 392/2011 and No. 144/2013 on Trade,32 Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons,66 67 the European Union Firearms Regulation of 2012, the Common Position on the Control of Arms Brokering of 2003,68 and the Convention of 1 July 1969 on Reciprocal Recognition of Proofmarks on Small Arms69

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Slovakia are regulated by the District Commandership of the Police Corps,3 and the European Commission67

Right to Possess Firearms

In Slovakia, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law70 71

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Slovakia, civilians are not allowed to possess automatic firearms, firearms disguised as other objects, and armour-piercing, incendiary and expanding ammunition72 73

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Slovakia, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited72 73 26

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Slovakia, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted only with special authorisation74 75 73

Regulation of Handguns

In Slovakia, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted only with special authorisation72 74 75 73 26

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Slovakia, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law74 75 73 26

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Slovakia, only licensed gun owners29 76 72 74 26 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Slovakia are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting, target shooting, collection, personal protection, security77

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Slovakia is 21 years or 18 years with a hunting training certificate77

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Slovakia must pass a background check which considers criminal and mental health77 26 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Slovakia, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required3

Firearm Safety Training

In Slovakia, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is not required3 for a firearm licence

Licensing Records

In Slovakia, authorities maintain a record3 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Slovakia are permitted to possess only ammunition suitable for the intended firearm78

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Slovakia, the law requires79 80 81 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Slovakia, licensed firearm dealers are required81 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Slovakia, licensed gun makers are required28 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Slovakia, State agencies are required79 82 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Slovakia, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful83 75

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Slovakia include3 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Slovakia include82 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Slovakia include3 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Slovakia, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law80 84 28 29 85 86 87

Firearm Tracing

In Slovakia, state authorities carry out88 85 86 81 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Slovakia, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law26

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Slovakia, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed without a permit, depending on weapon type3

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Slovakia, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm89 is eight years in prison29 90

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in Slovakia are known to have91 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Slovakia, it is not state policy82 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

European Union

As a member of the European Union, Slovakia is bound by the provisions of the ‘EU Firearms Directive’ – the 2007 Legislative Resolution on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons of the European Parliament92 93

European Union Export Reporting

Under the European Union Common Position on Arms Exports, Slovakia is bound to declare its transfers of military technology and equipment. Independent monitoring provides detailed comparisons of arms export reporting compliance across EU member states, and records that Slovakia has submitted one or more national reports94 on its arms transfers

United Nations Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice

The UNCCPCJ, a subsidiary body of the Economic and Social Council mandated to promote action to prevent national and transnational crime, lists95 Slovakia as an elected member

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 200896 by Slovakia.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified97 by Slovakia

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified98 by Slovakia

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Slovakia committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects99

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Slovakia against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 66100 101 102 103 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Slovakia has submitted one or more national reports104 105 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Slovakia, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated106 105

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Slovakia, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated107 106 105

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Slovakia submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was not apparent105

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been donated105 by Slovakia to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided105 to Slovakia by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Slovakia has declared108 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Slovakia has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1993109

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies lists110 Slovakia as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Slovakia, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Slovakia ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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