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Singapore — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Singapore is

2017: 20,0001
2007: 22,0002

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Singapore is

2017: 0.31
2007: 0.52

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

In Singapore, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be 1033

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

In Singapore, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be 2143

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

In Singapore, the number of handguns in civilian possession is reported to be 4763

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Singapore ranked at No. 1634

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Singapore ranked at No. 1692

Number of Registered Firearms

The number of registered guns in Singapore is reported to be

2017: 7951

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

The rate of registered guns per 100 people in Singapore is

2017: 0.015

Estimated Number of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms

Unregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,6 but in Singapore there are estimated to be

2017: 19,2051

Estimated Rate of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

Unregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,6 but in Singapore the rate of such firearms per 100 people is estimated to be

2017: 0.335

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Singapore are reported to have 574,1407 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Singapore are reported to have 9,0008 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Singapore, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2015: 39
2014: 0
2013: 1
2012: 1

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Singapore, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.059
2014: 0
2013: 0.02
2012: 0.02

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Singapore, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2015: 39
2014: 0
2013: 1
2012: 1

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Singapore, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2015: 09
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Singapore, annual homicides by any means total

2015: 159
2014: 9
2013: 8
2012: 9
2011: 1610 11
2010: 19
2009: 20
2008: 27
2007: 18
2006: 1710 11 12
2005: 21
2004: 2110 11 13
2003: 24
2002: 2210 11
2001: 30
2000: 3710 11 14
1999: 4011 14
1998: 37
1997: 3911
1996: 31
1995: 51

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Singapore, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.059
2014: 0
2013: 0.02
2012: 0.02
2011: 0.31
2010: 0.37
2009: 0.4
2008: 0.6
2007: 0.4
2006: 0.410 11 12
2005: 0.5
2004: 0.510 11 13
2003: 0.6
2002: 0.510 11
2001: 0.7
2000: 0.910 11 14
1999: 1.0114 11
1998: 0.94
1997: 1.111
1996: 0.9
1995: 1.5
1994: 1.7115

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Singapore, annual male homicides by any means total

2015: 119
2014: 4
2013: 5
2012: 2
2011: 10
2010: 16

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Singapore, annual female homicides by any means total

2015: 49
2014: 5
2013: 3
2012: 7
2011: 6
2010: 3

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Singapore, annual firearm homicides total

2015: 09
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 010
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 110 12
2005: 0
2004: 013
2003: 0
2000: 114

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Singapore, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 09
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0.005
2010: 0.00
2009: 0.00
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.025 12
2005: 0.00
2004: 0.0013
2003: 0.00
2000: 0.0214
1994: 0.0716

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Singapore, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2011: 0%10
2010: 0%
2009: 0%
2008: 0%
2007: 0%
2006: 6%
2005: 0%
2004: 0.0%11
2003: 0.0%
2000: 2.7%

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Singapore, annual male firearm homicides total

2015: 09
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Singapore, annual female firearm homicides total

2015: 09
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Singapore, annual suicides by any means total

2015: 3299
2014: 355
2013: 357
2012: 392
1998: 37117

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Singapore, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 5.809
2014: 6.38
2013: 6.54
2012: 7.32
1998: 8.7217
1994: 14.0618

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Singapore, annual male suicides by any means total

2015: 2189
2014: 250
2013: 245
2012: 243

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Singapore, annual female suicides by any means total

2015: 1119
2014: 105
2013: 112
2012: 149

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Singapore, annual firearm suicides total

2015: 19
2014: 0
2013: 1
2012: 0
1998: 517

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Singapore, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.029
2014: 0
2013: 0.02
2012: 0
1998: 0.1217
1994: 0.1719

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Singapore, annual male firearm suicides total

2015: 19
2014: 0
2013: 1
2012: 0

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Singapore, annual female firearm suicides total

2015: 09
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Singapore, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2015: 19
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
1998: 117

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Singapore, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.029
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0.02
1998: 0.0217
1994: 0.0020

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Singapore, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2015: 19
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Singapore, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2015: 09
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Singapore, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2015: 19
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 1
1998: 017

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Singapore, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

1998: 0.0017
1994: 0.0021

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Singapore, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2015: 19
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 1

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Singapore, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2015: 09
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Singapore, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence22 23

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, Singapore was ranked 'medium'24

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Singapore, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law22 25 26 27

Firearm Exports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms exported from Singapore is reported by manufacturers to be

2017: 128
2007: 76

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

ChartThe annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Singapore is reported by Customs to be US$

2016: 3,297,81829
2015: 891,961
2014: 2,128,994
2013: 1,599,890
2012: 1,720,33329 30
2011: 11,831,50031
2010: 31,000,00032

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Singapore was categorized as 'major'33 34 35

Firearm Imports

In Singapore, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law22 36 26 27

Firearm Imports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms imported to Singapore is reported to be

2017: 26528
2016: 1,964
2015: 98
2014: 444
2013: 304
2012: 70
2011: 75
2010: 1,713
2009: 187
2008: 550
2007: 95
2006: 112

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

ChartThe annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Singapore is reported by Customs to be US$

2016: 2,279,46929
2015: 3,259,844
2014: 3,639,128
2013: 4,011,333
2012: 6,747,10429 37 38
2011: 3,033,81731 39
2010: 69,000,00040

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Singapore is negligible3

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Singapore, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law41

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Singapore include26 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

ChartIn its annual Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer, the Small Arms Survey compares public reporting among major arms exporting nations on a scale from strong to weak (25 to zero). In recent years, Singapore scored

2018: 9.2542
2017: 7.0043
2016: 6.0044
2014: 6.5045
2013: 6.0046
2012: 6.5047
2011: 7.0048
2010: 6.5049
2009: 6.5050
2008: 6.5051
2007: 6.0052
2006: 6.0053
2005: 6.0054
2004: 5.5055

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Singapore is categorised as restrictive56

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Singapore includes the Arms and Explosives Act 2003 (as elaborated by the Arms Rules),57 58 the Strategic Trade Control Act (as updated through yearly Strategic Trade Control Orders),59 60 and the Arms Offences Act61

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Singapore are regulated by the Licensing Officer appointed by the Minister of Interior62 63

Right to Possess Firearms

In Singapore, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law64 65 22

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Singapore, private possession of fully automatic weapons is not specifically prohibited in law66 67 68

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Singapore, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is not specifically prohibited in law66 67

Regulation of Handguns

In Singapore, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is not specifically prohibited in law69 67 68

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Singapore, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law68

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Singapore, only licensed gun owners22 70 71 68 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Singapore are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example sports shooting and self-protection72 73 74 75 76

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Singapore is 18 for sports shooting72, or 21 for self-protection74

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Singapore must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental health, medical, and Gun Club Membership72 74 62 68 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Singapore, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are required77

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Singapore does stipulate78 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Singapore, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required74 76 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Singapore, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every two years79 71

Licensing Records

In Singapore, authorities maintain a record67 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Singapore are permitted to possess any number of firearms69

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Singapore are permitted to possess a limited quantity of ammunition80

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Singapore, the law requires67 81 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Singapore, licensed firearm dealers are required82 83 67 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Singapore, licensed gun makers are required82 23 81 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Singapore, State agencies are required84 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Singapore, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited85

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Singapore, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful85

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In Singapore, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is undetermined69

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Singapore, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are not regulated69 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Singapore include75 73 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Singapore include86 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Singapore include84 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Singapore do not include69 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Singapore, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law81 23 87

Firearm Tracing

In Singapore, state authorities carry out88 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Singapore, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are not69 recorded in a register

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Singapore, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit75 68

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Singapore, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit75 68

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Singapore, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm89 is up to 10 years in prison and six strokes of the cane90 79

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Singapore, it is not state policy84 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was not signed91 by Singapore.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed, but not yet ratified92 by Singapore

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has not been signed93 by Singapore

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Singapore committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects94

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Singapore has submitted one or more national reports95 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Singapore, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated96 95

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Singapore submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was not apparent95

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated95 by Singapore to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Singapore has not declared97 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Singapore has been a Member State of the United Nations since 196598

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list99 Singapore as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Singapore, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Singapore ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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