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Armed violence prevention, gun control laws and the small arms trade:

Sierra Leone — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Sierra Leone is

2017: 35,0001
2007: 34,0002

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Sierra Leone is

2017: 0.501
2007: 0.62

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Sierra Leone ranked at No. 1603

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Sierra Leone ranked at No. 1642

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Sierra Leone are reported to have 10,2004 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Sierra Leone are reported to have 12,0005 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Sierra Leone, annual homicides by any means total

2016: 9676
2015: 949
2010: 896
2000: 693

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Sierra Leone, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 16.076
2015: 16.14
2010: 17.08
2000: 18.19

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Sierra Leone, annual male homicides by any means total

2016: 7436
2015: 738
2010: 701
2000: 546

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Sierra Leone, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 25.416
2015: 25.85
2010: 27.55
2000: 29.61

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Sierra Leone, annual female homicides by any means total

2016: 2246
2015: 211
2010: 196
2000: 147

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Sierra Leone, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 7.246
2015: 6.98
2010: 7.26
2000: 7.48

Gun Homicides

In Sierra Leone, annual firearm homicides total

2008: 1297 8

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

In Sierra Leone, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2008: 2.579 8

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

In Sierra Leone, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2008: 70%7

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Sierra Leone, annual suicides by any means total

2016: 7156
2015: 673
2010: 597
2000: 508

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Sierra Leone, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 11.886
2015: 11.45
2010: 11.38
2000: 13.34

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Sierra Leone, annual male suicides by any means total

2016: 4146
2015: 386
2010: 345
2000: 298

Rate of Male Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Sierra Leone, the annual rate of male suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 14.166
2015: 13.52
2010: 13.56
2000: 16.16

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Sierra Leone, annual female suicides by any means total

2016: 3026
2015: 287
2010: 253
2000: 211

Rate of Female Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Sierra Leone, the annual rate of female suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 9.766
2015: 9.49
2010: 9.37
2000: 10.74

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Sierra Leone, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence10

Home-made Guns

In Sierra Leone, the prevalence of illicit craft, or 'home-made' firearm manufacture is reported to be high11 12

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Sierra Leone, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law13 14 15

Firearm Exports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms exported from Sierra Leone is reported by manufacturers to be

2018: 016
2017: 0
2016: 0
2015: 0

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Sierra Leone is reported by Customs to be US$1,20617 (2011)

Firearm Imports

In Sierra Leone, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law13 14 18 19 15

Firearm Imports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms imported to Sierra Leone is reported to be

2018: 016
2017: 0
2016: 2,285
2015: 0

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Sierra Leone is reported by Customs to be US$13217 (2011)

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Sierra Leone is moderate20 21

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Sierra Leone, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law22 23 15

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Sierra Leone include13 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Sierra Leone includes the Arms and Ammunition Act of 2012 and the Firearms Licencing Regulations,10 Arms and Ammunition Regulations of 201422

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Sierra Leone are regulated by the Sierra Leone Police and the Republic of Sierra Leone Armed Forces18

Right to Possess Firearms

In Sierra Leone, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law24 25

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Sierra Leone, the law requires26 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Sierra Leone, licensed gun makers are required10 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Sierra Leone, State agencies are required18 19 26 27 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Sierra Leone include27 18 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

African Union

In June 2006, as a member of the African Union, Sierra Leone adopted an African Common Position to take to the Conference to Review the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA), held in June 200628 29

Economic Community of West African States

In June 2006, as a member of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), Sierra Leone adopted the ECOWAS Convention on Small Arms and Light Weapons, their Ammunition and other Related Materials. This stipulates strict controls on the transfer, manufacture, possession and security of small arms and light weapons30

United Nations Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice

The UNCCPCJ, a subsidiary body of the Economic and Social Council mandated to promote action to prevent national and transnational crime, lists31 Sierra Leone as an elected member

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 200632 by Sierra Leone.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified33 by Sierra Leone

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified34 by Sierra Leone

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Sierra Leone committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects35

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Sierra Leone against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 4936 37 38 39 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Sierra Leone has submitted one or more national reports40 41 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Sierra Leone, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated42 41

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Sierra Leone, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated42

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Sierra Leone submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent42 41

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated41 by Sierra Leone to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided41 to Sierra Leone by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Sierra Leone has not declared43 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Sierra Leone has been a Member State of the United Nations since 196144

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list45 Sierra Leone as a Participating State

BackgroundSustainable Development Goal Profile

About SDG 16

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are 17 goals set by the United Nations to be implemented by all member states by 2030. Adopted in 2015, they outline a vision of development in which peace and security are an integral part. SDG 16,46 which seeks to “promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development,” includes targets and indicators focused on reducing violence (Target 16.1) and the proliferation of illicit arms (Target 16.4). The indicators – or measurement criteria – of these targets include the number of victims of intentional homicide (Indicator 16.1.1), the number of conflict-related deaths (Indicator 16.1.2), and the number of illicit firearms collected and traced (Indicator 16.4.2). In light of these targets and indicators, GunPolicy.org provides granular national data pertaining to homicides, gun homicides, conflict deaths, disarmament efforts, and marking and tracing.

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Sierra Leone, annual homicides by any means total

2016: 9676
2015: 949
2010: 896
2000: 693

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Sierra Leone, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 16.076
2015: 16.14
2010: 17.08
2000: 18.19

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Sierra Leone, annual male homicides by any means total

2016: 7436
2015: 738
2010: 701
2000: 546

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Sierra Leone, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 25.416
2015: 25.85
2010: 27.55
2000: 29.61

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Sierra Leone, annual female homicides by any means total

2016: 2246
2015: 211
2010: 196
2000: 147

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Sierra Leone, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 7.246
2015: 6.98
2010: 7.26
2000: 7.48

Gun Homicides

In Sierra Leone, annual firearm homicides total

2008: 1297 8

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

In Sierra Leone, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2008: 2.579 8

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

In Sierra Leone, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2008: 70%7

Conflict Deaths

For a profile of conflict in Sierra Leone, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Disarmament

Authorities in Sierra Leone are known to have47 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Surrendered in Gun Amnesty

In Sierra Leone, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered in recent arms amnesty and collection programmes is reported to be 56,16348 (1996-04)

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

In Sierra Leone, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2011: 4849

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn Sierra Leone, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2016: 5,00050
2011: 2,56751

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Sierra Leone, it is state policy52 27 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

Marking and Tracing

Firearm Marking

In Sierra Leone, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law10 53 26 19

Firearm Tracing

In Sierra Leone, state authorities carry out54 19 55 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Global Peace Index

To see where Sierra Leone ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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