Find Gun Policy Facts

Armed violence prevention, gun control laws and the small arms trade:

Seychelles — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Seychelles is

2017: 4,0001
2007: 4,6002

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Seychelles is

2017: 4.101
2007: 5.42

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Seychelles ranked at No. 1753

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Seychelles ranked at No. 962

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Seychelles are reported to have 7984 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Seychelles are reported to have 2005 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Seychelles, annual homicides by any means total

2016: 126
2015: 7
2014: 16
2013: 18
2012: 4
2011: 16
2010: 9
2009: 14
2008: 6
2007: 8
2006: 77
2000: 68
1999: 3
1998: 7

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Seychelles, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 12.546
2015: 7.37
2014: 16.98
2013: 19.27
2012: 4.32
2011: 17.41
2010: 9.86
2009: 16
2008: 6.93
2007: 9.33
2006: 8.37 9
2005: 1.819
2004: 7.54
2003: 11.49
2002: 5.97
2001: 3.09
2000: 7.398
1999: 3.75
1998: 8.88

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Seychelles, annual male homicides by any means total

2014: 1410
2013: 11
2012: 4
2011: 11
2010: 8
2009: 11
2008: 5
2007: 7

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Seychelles, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2014: 27.8810
2013: 23.75
2012: 7.43
2011: 23.04
2010: 16.38
2009: 23.89
2008: 10.34
2007: 14.29

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Seychelles, annual female homicides by any means total

2014: 210
2013: 7
2012: 0
2011: 5
2010: 1
2009: 3
2008: 1
2007: 1

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Seychelles, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2014: 5.3910
2013: 14.49
2012: 0.99
2011: 11.39
2010: 2.91
2009: 6.34
2008: 2.71
2007: 3.27

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Seychelles, annual suicides by any means total

2016: 911
2015: 9
2010: 9
2000: 7

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Seychelles, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 9.6611
2015: 9.74
2010: 10.19
2000: 8.84

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Seychelles, annual male suicides by any means total

2016: 811
2015: 8
2010: 7
2000: 6

Rate of Male Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Seychelles, the annual rate of male suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 16.7111
2015: 16.88
2010: 15.58
2000: 15.23

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Seychelles, annual female suicides by any means total

2016: 111
2015: 1
2010: 1
2000: 1

Rate of Female Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Seychelles, the annual rate of female suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 2.2111
2015: 2.22
2010: 2.30
2000: 2.52

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Seychelles, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence12

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Seychelles, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law13

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Seychelles is reported by Customs to be US$48,16614 (2011)

Firearm Imports

In Seychelles, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law13

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Seychelles is reported by Customs to be US$47,62614 (2011)

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Seychelles, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law13 15

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

Law Regulates Civilian Access to Firearms

In Seychelles, civilian possession of guns is regulated by law16

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Seychelles includes the Firearms and Ammunition Act of 201217

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Seychelles are regulated by the Commissioner of Police18

Right to Possess Firearms

In Seychelles, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law19 20

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

Law Regulates Automatic Weapons

In Seychelles, civilian possession of automatic weapons is regulated by law16

Law Regulates Handguns

In Seychelles, civilian possession of handguns is regulated by law16

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Seychelles, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law16

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Seychelles, only licensed gun owners21 22 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Seychelles are not legally required to establish a specific genuine reason to possess a firearm other than that they are not a danger to public safety or to the peace22

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Seychelles must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental health and medical22 records

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Seychelles, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every 1 year23

Licensing Records

In Seychelles, authorities maintain a record24 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Seychelles are permitted to possess a set number of guns as specified on their license25

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Seychelles are permitted to possess a set quantity of ammunition as specified on their firearm license25

Firearm Registration

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Seychelles, licensed firearm dealers are required24 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Seychelles, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited15 26 27

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Seychelles, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful15 26 27

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Seychelles include28 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Seychelles include28 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Seychelles, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law16

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Seychelles, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm29 is 1 year21

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

African Union

In June 2006, as a member of the African Union, Seychelles adopted an African Common Position to take to the Conference to Review the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA), held in June 200630 31

Southern African Development Community

As a member of the Southern African Development Community (SADC), Seychelles signed the SADC Declaration Concerning Firearms, Ammunition and Other Related Materials in March 2001. This laid the ground for the August, 2001 adoption of the legally binding SADC Protocol on Control of Firearms, Ammunition and Other Related Materials32

Regional Centre on Small Arms

In March 2000, as a member of the Regional Centre on Small Arms (RECSA), Seychelles adopted the Nairobi Declaration on the Problem of Illicit Small Arms and Light Weapons in the Great Lakes Region and the Horn of Africa, then on 21 April 2004 adopted the Nairobi Protocol for the Prevention, Control and Reduction of Small Arms and Light Weapons in the Great Lakes Region, the Horn of Africa and Bordering States, a legally-binding multilateral protocol of which the RECSA is depository. The Nairobi Protocol has since been signed, but not yet ratified33 34 by Seychelles

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was not signed35 by Seychelles.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified36 by Seychelles

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed, but not yet ratified37 by Seychelles

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Seychelles committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects38

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Seychelles have yet to submit a national report39 40 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Seychelles, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has not been designated41 40

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Seychelles, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated41

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated40 by Seychelles to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided40 to Seychelles by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Seychelles have not declared42 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Seychelles have been a Member State of the United Nations since 197643

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list44 Seychelles as a Participating State

BackgroundSustainable Development Goal Profile

About SDG 16

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are 17 goals set by the United Nations to be implemented by all member states by 2030. Adopted in 2015, they outline a vision of development in which peace and security are an integral part. SDG 16,45 which seeks to “promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development,” includes targets and indicators focused on reducing violence (Target 16.1) and the proliferation of illicit arms (Target 16.4). The indicators – or measurement criteria – of these targets include the number of victims of intentional homicide (Indicator 16.1.1), the number of conflict-related deaths (Indicator 16.1.2), and the number of illicit firearms collected and traced (Indicator 16.4.2). In light of these targets and indicators, GunPolicy.org provides granular national data pertaining to homicides, gun homicides, conflict deaths, disarmament efforts, and marking and tracing.

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Seychelles, annual homicides by any means total

2016: 126
2015: 7
2014: 16
2013: 18
2012: 4
2011: 16
2010: 9
2009: 14
2008: 6
2007: 8
2006: 77
2000: 68
1999: 3
1998: 7

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Seychelles, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 12.546
2015: 7.37
2014: 16.98
2013: 19.27
2012: 4.32
2011: 17.41
2010: 9.86
2009: 16
2008: 6.93
2007: 9.33
2006: 8.37 9
2005: 1.819
2004: 7.54
2003: 11.49
2002: 5.97
2001: 3.09
2000: 7.398
1999: 3.75
1998: 8.88

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Seychelles, annual male homicides by any means total

2014: 1410
2013: 11
2012: 4
2011: 11
2010: 8
2009: 11
2008: 5
2007: 7

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Seychelles, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2014: 27.8810
2013: 23.75
2012: 7.43
2011: 23.04
2010: 16.38
2009: 23.89
2008: 10.34
2007: 14.29

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Seychelles, annual female homicides by any means total

2014: 210
2013: 7
2012: 0
2011: 5
2010: 1
2009: 3
2008: 1
2007: 1

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Seychelles, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2014: 5.3910
2013: 14.49
2012: 0.99
2011: 11.39
2010: 2.91
2009: 6.34
2008: 2.71
2007: 3.27

Conflict Deaths

For a profile of conflict in Seychelles, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Marking and Tracing

Firearm Marking

In Seychelles, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law46

Global Peace Index

To see where Seychelles ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index, and then click on Seychelles on the map or in the "Select Country" menu on the right of the web page


Short References

1.

Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Civilian Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Civilian-Held Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13434)Full Citation

2.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms - Annexe online.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q5)Full Citation

3.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q4)Full Citation

4.

Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Military Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Military-Owned Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13436)Full Citation

5.

Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Law Enforcement Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Law Enforcement Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13435)Full Citation

6.

UNODC.2020.‘Intentional Homicide Victims.’ Crime and Drugs Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,1 January. (Q13355)Full Citation

7.

UNODC.2013.‘Homicide in 207 Countries - Seychelles.’ Global Study on Homicide 2011: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,26 June. (Q6413)Full Citation

8.

UNODC.2004.‘Recorded Intentional Homicide, Completed.’ Seventh United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (1998-2000).Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,19 March. (Q91)Full Citation

9.

Petrini, Benjamin.2011.‘Sub-Saharan Africa, 1995-2008, Total Recorded Intentional Homicide, Completed, Rate per 100,000 Population.’ World Bank Homicide Rate Dataset 1995-2008.Washington, DC:Social Development Department, World Bank,10 February. (Q3812)Full Citation

10.

UNODC.2017.‘Intentional Homicide Victims by Sex.’ Crime and Drugs Data.Vienna:UNODC,19 May. (Q13356)Full Citation

11.

WHO.2018.‘Violent Death Estimates by Country.’ Disease Burden and Mortality Estimates: Cause-Specific Mortality, 2000–2016.Geneva:World Health Organization,1 January. (Q14136)Full Citation

12.

Seychelles.2012.‘Article 9: Firearm Marking.’ Firearms and Ammunition Act (Cap 80), June 2012 Revision.Victoria:Seychelles,30 June. (Q15567)Full Citation

13.

IANSA.2006.‘Reviewing Action on Small Arms 2006: Assessing the first five years of the UN Programme of Action.’ Biting the Bullet 'Red Book' 2006.New York, NY:International Action Network on Small Arms and the Biting the Bullet project,26 June. (Q82)Full Citation

14.

Marsh, Nicholas.2014.‘Database of Authorised Transfers of Small Arms and Light Weapons.’ NISAT Small Arms Trade Database.Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers,22 December. (Q16)Full Citation

15.

Seychelles.2012.‘Article 12: Firearm Sales.’ Firearms and Ammunition Act (Cap 80), June 2012 Revision.Victoria:Seychelles,30 June. (Q15568)Full Citation

16.

Butchart, Alexander, Christopher Mikton and Etienne Krug.2014.‘Country Profile: Seychelles.’ Global Status Report on Violence Prevention 2014.Geneva:World Health Organisation (WHO), United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and United Nations Development Programme (UNDP),10 December. (Q9454)Full Citation

17.

Seychelles.2012.‘Article 1: Citation.’ Firearms and Ammunition Act (Cap 80), June 2012 Revision.Victoria:Seychelles,30 June. (Q15561)Full Citation

18.

Seychelles.2012.‘Article 3: Regulatory Authority.’ Firearms and Ammunition Act (Cap 80), June 2012 Revision.Victoria:Seychelles,30 June. (Q15562)Full Citation

19.

Sherman, Amy and Tom Ginsburg.2014.‘Gun Rights in National Constitutions.’ Marco Rubio Says Second Amendment Is Unique in Speech to NRA.Miami, FL:Miami Herald (PolitiFact Florida),29 April. (Q8507)Full Citation

20.

Zachary Elkins, Tom Ginsburg and James Melton. 2013. ‘U.S. Gun Rights Truly Are American Exceptionalism.’ Bloomberg (USA). 7 March. (N422) Full Citation

21.

Seychelles.2012.‘Article 4: Firearm Possession and Penalty.’ Firearms and Ammunition Act (Cap 80), June 2012 Revision.Victoria:Seychelles,30 June. (Q15563)Full Citation

22.

Seychelles.2012.‘Article 5: Firearm Licensing.’ Firearms and Ammunition Act (Cap 80), June 2012 Revision.Victoria:Seychelles,30 June. (Q15564)Full Citation

23.

Seychelles.2012.‘Article 5: Firearm Licensing.’ Firearms and Ammunition Act (Cap 80), June 2012 Revision.Victoria:Seychelles,30 June. (Q15566)Full Citation

24.

Seychelles.2012.‘Article 13: Dealer Records.’ Firearms and Ammunition Act (Cap 80), June 2012 Revision.Victoria:Seychelles,30 June. (Q15572)Full Citation

25.

Seychelles.2012.‘Article 5: Firearm Licensing.’ Firearms and Ammunition Act (Cap 80), June 2012 Revision.Victoria:Seychelles,30 June. (Q15565)Full Citation

26.

Seychelles.2012.‘Article 16: Firearm Sales.’ Firearms and Ammunition Act (Cap 80), June 2012 Revision.Victoria:Seychelles,30 June. (Q15569)Full Citation

27.

Seychelles.2012.‘Article 16: Penalty for Illicit Firearm Sales.’ Firearms and Ammunition Act (Cap 80), June 2012 Revision.Victoria:Seychelles,30 June. (Q15570)Full Citation

28.

Seychelles.2012.‘Article 18: Firearm Storage.’ Firearms and Ammunition Act (Cap 80), June 2012 Revision.Victoria:Seychelles,30 June. (Q15573)Full Citation

29.

GunPolicy.org. 2015. ‘Penalty for Unlawful Firearm Possession.’ Definition and Selection Criteria.
Sydney School of Public Health, 22 January.
(G93) Full Citation

30.

African Union / UNODA.2005.‘Windhoek Common Position.’ United Nations Programme of Action Implementation Support System: Regional Organisations.New York, NY:African Union / United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,14 December. (Q3216)Full Citation

31.

African Union.2015.‘Member States.’ African Union: A United and Strong Africa.Addis Ababa:African Union,10 August. (Q10548)Full Citation

32.

SADC / UNODA.2001.‘Protocol on Control of Firearms, Ammunition and Other Related Materials.’ United Nations Programme of Action Implementation Support System: Regional Organisations.New York, NY:Southern African Development Community Secretariat / United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,1 August. (Q3217)Full Citation

33.

RECSA / UNODA.2004.‘Nairobi Protocol for the Prevention, Control and Reduction of Small Arms and Light Weapons in the Great Lakes Region, the Horn of Africa and Bordering States.’ United Nations Programme of Action Implementation Support System: Regional Organisations.New York, NY:Regional Centre on Small Arms / United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,21 April. (Q3218)Full Citation

34.

RECSA.2010.‘Ratified and Deposited Instruments of the Nairobi Protocol.’ Regional Centre on Small Arms and Light Weapons Website - Ratifications.Nairobi:Regional Centre on Small Arms,19 November. (Q3263)Full Citation

35.

GDAV.2006.‘Geneva Declaration.’ Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development.Geneva:Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development Secretariat,7 June. (Q7162)Full Citation

36.

UNODA.2013.‘Towards Entry Into Force.’ Arms Trade Treaty.New York, NY:United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,2 April. (Q7226)Full Citation

37.

UNGA.2001.‘United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition.’ UN General Assembly Resolution 55/255.New York, NY:UN General Assembly,31 May. (Q17)Full Citation

38.

UNGA.2001.‘Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects.’ United Nations General Assembly.New York, NY:UN General Assembly,20 July. (Q18)Full Citation

39.

Cattaneo, Silvia and Sarah Parker.2008.‘Reporting, NPCs and NCAs, 2002 to 2008.’ Implementing the United Nations Programme of Action on Small Arms and Light Weapons: Analysis of the National Reports submitted by States from 2002 to 2008.Geneva:United Nations Development Programme,1 November. (Q20)Full Citation

40.

UNODA.2018.‘PoA-ISS Country Profiles.’ UN small arms Programme of Action (UNPoA) - Implementation Support System.New York, NY:United Nations Office of Disarmament Affairs,23 July. (Q1309)Full Citation

41.

IANSA.2006.‘Reviewing Action on Small Arms 2006: Assessing the first five years of the UN Programme of Action.’ Biting the Bullet 'Red Book' 2006.New York, NY:International Action Network on Small Arms and the Biting the Bullet project,26 June. (Q166)Full Citation

42.

UNODA.2011.‘National Reports on Small Arms Exports.’ United Nations Register of Conventional Arms - The Global Reported Arms Trade.New York, NY:United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,21 October. (Q14)Full Citation

43.

UN.2013.‘Member States of the United Nations.’ UN.org Web Site.New York, NY:United Nations General Assembly,7 April. (Q290)Full Citation

44.

Wassenaar Arrangement.1996.‘Introduction: Participating States.’ Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies.Vienna:Wassenaar Secretariat,12 July. (Q19)Full Citation

45.

United Nations.2017.‘Relevant Targets & Indicators.’ Sustainable Development Goal 16.New York NY:United Nations Statistics Division,6 July. (Q14093)Full Citation

46.

Seychelles.2012.‘Article 8: Firearm Marking.’ Firearms and Ammunition Act (Cap 80), June 2012 Revision.Victoria:Seychelles,30 June. (Q15571)Full Citation