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Serbia — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Serbia is

2017: 2,719,0001
2007: 3,050,0002 3

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Serbia is

2017: 39.101
2007: 37.822 4

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

In Serbia, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be 449,3765

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

In Serbia, the number of handguns in civilian possession is reported to be 514,8706 to 543,0705

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Serbia ranked at No. 257

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Serbia ranked at No. 52

Proportion of Households with Handguns

In Serbia, the percentage of households with one or more handguns is reported to be

2012: 11.9%8

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

The number of licensed gun owners in Serbia is reported to be

2012: 874,0009

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

The rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in Serbia is

2012: 12.0110

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Serbia is reported to be

2017: 1,186,0861
2012: 1,200,0009
2008: 1,172,46811
2005: 1,056,3142

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in Serbia is

2012: 16.4910
2008: 15.81
2005: 14.08

Estimated Number of Illicit Firearms

ChartUnlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Serbia there are estimated to be

2017: 1,532,9141
2005: 944,00012 13 14

Estimated Rate of Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Serbia the rate of illicit firearms per 100 people is estimated to be 12.5510

Number of Households with Firearms

In Serbia, the number of households containing one or more guns is reported to be

2012: 398,30115

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Serbia are reported to have 384,42216 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Serbia are reported to have 53,10017 18 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Serbia, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 25319 20 21 22
2013: 271
2012: 25419 20 21 22 23
2011: 26319 20 21 22
2010: 28424
2009: 28519 20 21 22
2008: 257
2007: 289
2006: 258
2005: 271
2004: 276
2003: 303
2002: 290
2001: 350
2000: 326
1999: 374
1998: 357

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Serbia, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 3.5125
2013: 3.74
2012: 3.49
2011: 3.60
2010: 3.87
2009: 3.8610
2008: 3.47
2007: 3.88
2006: 3.45
2005: 3.61
2004: 3.67
2003: 4.02
2002: 3.84
2001: 4.64
2000: 4.29
1999: 4.87
1998: 4.65

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Serbia, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 22325
2013: 237
2012: 231
2011: 229
2010: 253

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Serbia, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 3025
2013: 34
2012: 23
2011: 34
2010: 31

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Serbia, annual homicides by any means total

2015: 10026
2014: 11425
2013: 152
2012: 118
2011: 130
2010: 130
2009: 14027 28
2008: 14028 29
2007: 20030 28 29
2006: 15431 28 29
2005: 16232 28 29
2004: 13833 28 29
2003: 17834 28 29
2002: 16435 28 29
2001: 218
2000: 22828 29
1999: 309
1998: 344

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Serbia, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 1.1326
2014: 3.5125
2013: 3.74
2012: 3.49
2011: 3.60
2010: 3.87
2009: 1.9010 28
2008: 1.428 29
2007: 2.7030 28 29
2006: 2.0831 28 29
2005: 2.1832 28 29
2004: 1.8533 28 29
2003: 2.3634 28 29
2002: 2.1935 36 28 29
2001: 2.8235 28 29
2000: 2.228 29
1999: 3.029
1998: 3.4

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Serbia, annual male homicides by any means total

2015: 7037
2014: 82
2013: 95
2012: 82
2011: 91
2010: 88

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Serbia, annual female homicides by any means total

2015: 3037
2014: 3225
2013: 57
2012: 36
2011: 39
2010: 42

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Serbia, annual firearm homicides total

2014: 5119
2013: 75
2012: 44
2011: 49
2010: 45
2009: 6319 28 29
2008: 60
2007: 8519 30 28 29
2006: 6319 31 28 29
2005: 4819 32 28 29
2004: 4819 33
2003: 6719 34
2002: 6919 35
2001: 80
2000: 7719
1999: 93
1998: 102

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Serbia, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.7125
2013: 1.04
2012: 0.60
2011: 0.67
2010: 0.61
2009: 0.8619 10 29
2008: 0.82
2007: 1.1519 30 10 29
2006: 0.8519 31 10 29
2005: 0.6519 32 10 29
2004: 0.6419 33
2003: 0.9019 34
2002: 0.9219 35
2001: 1.07
2000: 1.0219
1999: 1.23
1998: 1.35

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Serbia, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2012: 12%28
2011: 20%28 38
2010: 28%28
2009: 31%
2008: 35%
2007: 25%
2006: 30%
2005: 25%

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Serbia, annual male firearm homicides total

2015: 3925
2014: 39
2013: 51
2012: 32
2011: 36
2010: 33

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Serbia, annual female firearm homicides total

2015: 1225
2014: 12
2013: 24
2012: 12
2011: 13
2010: 12

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn Serbia, annual handgun homicides total

2014: 2619
2013: 52
2012: 21
2011: 26
2010: 28
2009: 38
2008: 35
2007: 35
2006: 30
2005: 8
2004: 5
2003: 9
2002: 9
2001: 14
2000: 10
1999: 12
1998: 15

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Serbia, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.3619
2013: 0.73
2012: 0.29
2011: 0.36
2010: 0.38
2009: 0.52
2008: 0.48
2007: 0.47
2006: 0.40
2005: 0.11
2004: 0.07
2003: 0.12
2002: 0.12
2001: 0.19
2000: 0.13
1999: 0.16
1998: 0.20

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn Serbia, annual long gun homicides total

2014: 819
2013: 8
2012: 5
2011: 9
2010: 2
2009: 5
2008: 2
2007: 12
2006: 7
2005: 2
2004: 1
2003: 5
2002: 2
2001: 1
2000: 4
1999: 10
1998: 11

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Serbia, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.1119
2013: 0.11
2012: 0.07
2011: 0.12
2010: 0.03
2009: 0.07
2008: 0.03
2007: 0.16
2006: 0.09
2005: 0.03
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.07
2002: 0.03
2001: 0.01
2000: 0.05
1999: 0.13
1998: 0.15

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn Serbia, annual gun homicides (other) total

2014: 1719
2013: 15
2012: 18
2011: 14
2010: 15
2009: 20
2008: 23
2007: 38
2006: 26
2005: 38
2004: 42
2003: 53
2002: 58
2001: 65
2000: 63
1999: 71
1998: 76

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Serbia, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.2419
2013: 0.21
2012: 0.25
2011: 0.19
2010: 0.21
2009: 0.27
2008: 0.31
2007: 0.51
2006: 0.35
2005: 0.51
2004: 0.56
2003: 0.71
2002: 0.77
2001: 0.87
2000: 0.84
1999: 0.94
1998: 1.00

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Serbia, annual suicides by any means total

2014: 1,13425
2013: 1,198
2012: 1,245
2011: 1,256
2010: 1,209
2009: 1,37627
2008: 1,290
2007: 1,35439
2006: 1,44440
2005: 1,44241
2004: 1,34642
2003: 1,38143
2002: 1,44944
2001: 1,443

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Serbia, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2014: 15.7325
2013: 16.54
2012: 17.11
2011: 17.18
2010: 16.46
2009: 18.6510
2007: 18.3439
2006: 19.4840
2005: 19.3841
2004: 18.0342
2003: 18.3343
2002: 19.2844 36
2001: 18.6544

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Serbia, annual male suicides by any means total

2014: 85725
2013: 902
2012: 934
2011: 909
2010: 905

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Serbia, annual female suicides by any means total

2014: 27725
2013: 296
2012: 311
2011: 347
2010: 304

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Serbia, annual firearm suicides total

2014: 17220
2013: 175
2012: 17920 23
2011: 18520
2010: 205
2009: 189
2008: 166
2007: 180
2006: 177
2005: 184
2004: 158
2003: 195
2002: 159
2001: 208
2000: 192
1999: 213
1998: 189

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Serbia, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 2.3925
2013: 2.42
2012: 2.46
2011: 2.53
2010: 2.79
2009: 2.58
2008: 2.26
2007: 2.44
2006: 2.39
2005: 2.47
2004: 2.12
2003: 2.61
2002: 2.12
2001: 2.77
2000: 2.55
1999: 2.82
1998: 2.5

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Serbia, annual male firearm suicides total

2014: 15725
2013: 165
2012: 171
2011: 168
2010: 191

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Serbia, annual female firearm suicides total

2014: 1525
2013: 10
2012: 8
2011: 17
2010: 14

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn Serbia, annual handgun suicides total

2014: 9520
2013: 112
2012: 91
2011: 105
2010: 125
2009: 129
2008: 100
2007: 101
2006: 93
2005: 56
2004: 19
2003: 31
2002: 29
2001: 28
2000: 27
1999: 32
1998: 26

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Serbia, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 1.3320
2013: 1.56
2012: 1.26
2011: 1.45
2010: 1.71
2009: 1.76
2008: 1.36
2007: 1.37
2006: 1.25
2005: 0.75
2004: 0.25
2003: 0.41
2002: 0.39
2001: 0.37
2000: 0.36
1999: 0.42
1998: 0.34

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn Serbia, the number of long gun suicides is

2014: 3420
2013: 29
2012: 35
2011: 29
2010: 32
2009: 18
2008: 17
2007: 27
2006: 23
2005: 17
2004: 11
2003: 11
2002: 10
2001: 9
2000: 4
1999: 10
1998: 5

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Serbia, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.4820
2013: 0.40
2012: 0.49
2011: 0.40
2010: 0.44
2009: 0.25
2008: 0.23
2007: 0.37
2006: 0.31
2005: 0.23
2004: 0.15
2003: 0.15
2002: 0.13
2001: 0.12
2000: 0.05
1999: 0.13
1998: 0.07

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn Serbia, annual gun suicides (other) total

2014: 4320
2013: 34
2012: 53
2011: 51
2010: 48
2009: 42
2008: 49
2007: 52
2006: 61
2005: 111
2004: 128
2003: 153
2002: 120
2001: 171
2000: 161
1999: 171
1998: 158

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Serbia, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.6020
2013: 0.47
2012: 0.74
2011: 0.70
2010: 0.66
2009: 0.57
2008: 0.67
2007: 0.70
2006: 0.82
2005: 1.49
2004: 1.72
2003: 2.05
2002: 1.6
2001: 2.28
2000: 2.14
1999: 2.27
1998: 2.09

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Serbia, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2014: 321
2013: 3
2012: 1021 23
2011: 1021
2010: 13
2009: 11
2008: 15
2007: 9
2006: 6
2005: 9
2004: 2
2003: 2
2002: 2
2001: 9
2000: 10
1999: 5
1998: 5

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Serbia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.3725
2013: 0.25
2012: 0.29
2011: 0.26
2010: 0.29
2009: 0.15
2008: 0.20
2007: 0.12
2006: 0.08
2005: 0.12
2004: 0.03
2003: 0.03
2002: 0.03
2001: 0.12
2000: 0.13
1999: 0.07
1998: 0.07

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Serbia, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2014: 225
2013: 3
2012: 10
2011: 10
2010: 11

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Serbia, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2014: 125
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 2

Unintentional Handgun Deaths

ChartIn Serbia, annual unintentional shooting deaths by handgun total

2013: 221
2012: 4
2011: 5
2010: 5
2009: 7
2008: 10
2007: 5
2006: 3
2005: 3
2001: 2
2000: 1
1999: 1
1998: 1

Rate of Unintentional Handgun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Serbia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by handgun per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0321
2012: 0.06
2011: 0.07
2010: 0.07
2009: 0.10
2008: 0.14
2007: 0.07
2006: 0.04
2005: 0.04
2001: 0.03
2000: 0.01
1999: 0.01
1998: 0.01

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn Serbia, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2012: 521
2010: 3
2009: 2
2008: 3
2007: 3
2006: 1
2005: 1
2002: 2
2000: 1
1999: 2

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Serbia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.0721
2010: 0.04
2009: 0.03
2008: 0.04
2007: 0.04
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.01
2002: 0.03
2000: 0.01
1999: 0.03

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn Serbia, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2014: 321
2013: 1
2012: 1
2011: 5
2010: 5
2009: 2
2008: 2
2007: 1
2006: 2
2005: 5
2004: 2
2003: 2
2001: 7
2000: 8
1999: 2
1998: 4

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Serbia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0421
2013: 0.01
2012: 0.01
2011: 0.07
2010: 0.07
2009: 0.03
2008: 0.03
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.03
2005: 0.07
2004: 0.03
2003: 0.03
2001: 0.09
2000: 0.11
1999: 0.03
1998: 0.05

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Serbia, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 2722
2013: 18
2012: 2122 23
2011: 1922
2010: 21
2009: 22
2008: 16
2007: 15
2006: 12
2005: 30
2004: 68
2003: 39
2002: 60
2001: 53
2000: 47
1999: 63
1998: 61

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Serbia, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.3822
2013: 0.25
2012: 0.29
2011: 0.26
2010: 0.29
2009: 0.30
2008: 0.22
2007: 0.20
2006: 0.16
2005: 0.40
2004: 0.91
2003: 0.52
2002: 0.80
2001: 0.71
2000: 0.63
1999: 0.84
1998: 0.81

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Serbia, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 2525
2013: 18
2012: 18
2011: 15
2010: 18

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Serbia, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 225
2013: 0
2012: 3
2011: 4
2010: 3

Handgun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Serbia, annual deaths by handgun in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 722
2013: 8
2012: 1
2011: 3
2010: 7
2009: 7
2008: 2
2007: 5
2006: 1
2005: 2
2003: 1
2002: 2
2001: 3
2000: 1
1999: 2
1998: 1

Rate of Handgun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Serbia, the annual rate of unknown-cause handgun deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.1022
2013: 0.11
2012: 0.01
2011: 0.04
2010: 0.10
2009: 0.10
2008: 0.03
2007: 0.07
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.03
2003: 0.01
2002: 0.03
2001: 0.04
2000: 0.01
1999: 0.03
1998: 0.01

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Serbia, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 322
2013: 1
2012: 3
2011: 1
2010: 1
2009: 3
2008: 3
2007: 2
2005: 2
2001: 1

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Serbia, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0422
2013: 0.01
2012: 0.04
2011: 0.01
2010: 0.01
2009: 0.04
2008: 0.04
2007: 0.03
2005: 0.03
2001: 0.01

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Serbia, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 1722
2013: 9
2012: 17
2011: 15
2010: 13
2009: 12
2008: 11
2007: 8
2006: 11
2005: 26
2004: 68
2003: 38
2002: 58
2001: 49
2000: 46
1999: 61
1998: 60

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Serbia, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.2422
2013: 0.13
2012: 0.24
2011: 0.21
2010: 0.18
2009: 0.16
2008: 0.15
2007: 0.11
2006: 0.15
2005: 0.35
2004: 0.91
2003: 0.51
2002: 0.77
2001: 0.65
2000: 0.61
1999: 0.81
1998: 0.79

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Serbia, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence45 46 47 48 49

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Serbia, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law50 51 52 53 54 3

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Serbia is reported by Customs to be US$34,965,52855 (2011)56 57

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Serbia was categorized as 'major'58 59

Firearm Imports

In Serbia, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law50 51 52 53 3

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Serbia is reported by Customs to be US$2,734,18155 (2011)

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Serbia is moderate60 61 62 63 64 65

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Serbia, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law66 67 3

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Serbia include50 3 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

ChartIn its annual Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer, the Small Arms Survey compares public reporting among major arms exporting nations on a scale from strong to weak (25 to zero). In recent years, Serbia scored

2016: 19.0068
2014: 19.5069
2013: 19.7570
2012: 18.7571
2011: 18.5072
2010: 17.0073
2009: 16.5074
2008: 16.5075
2007: 9.2576
2006: 9.2577
2005: 1.5078

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Serbia is categorised as restrictive79

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Serbia includes the Law on Weapons and Ammunition,80 the Law on Testing, Marking and Labeling Firearms and Ammunition,81 the Law on Trade in Arms, Military Equipment and Dual Purpose Goods3 46 and the Law on Export and Import of Arms and Military Equipment50

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Serbia are regulated by the Ministry of Interior82 83 and the Small Arms and Light Weapons Council, made up of multiple Ministries including the Ministry of Interior, Ministry of Defense, Ministry of Economy and Regional Development, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Finances, Ministry of Justice, and Ministry of Health84 85 and the Ministry of International Economic Relations3

Right to Possess Firearms

In Serbia, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law86 87 88 89

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Serbia, civilians are not allowed to possess long automatic firearms, short automatic and combined firearms and special weapons if not otherwise stipulated by the Act, silencers, or infra-red sighting devices90

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Serbia, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited90 38

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Serbia, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is prohibited, with the exception of approved hunting rifles90

Regulation of Handguns

In Serbia, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence91 38

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Serbia, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law91 90 38

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Serbia, only licensed gun owners92 83 38 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Serbia are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example self-defence, hunting, target shooting, collection, and certain employment-related reasons91 93 94 95

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Serbia is undefined92

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Serbia must pass a background check which considers criminal, medical and other various92 38 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Serbia, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required89 88

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Serbia does not stipulate89 88 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Serbia, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required92 96 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Serbia, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every five years, for a carry permit94

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Serbia are permitted to possess any number of firearms89 88

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Serbia are permitted to possess only ammunition suitable for the licensed firearm, and is limited to 60 packages of ammunition per calendar year83

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Serbia, the law requires97 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Serbia, licensed gun makers are required46 98 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Serbia, State agencies are required99 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Serbia, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful100

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In Serbia, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is undetermined89 88

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Serbia, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are not regulated89 88 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Serbia include101 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Serbia include102 100 103 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Serbia include104 102 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Serbia include105 106 107 108 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Serbia, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law109 81 110 111 97 46 112

Firearm Tracing

In Serbia, state authorities carry out113 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Serbia, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are not114 recorded in a register

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Serbia, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit115 90 94 38

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Serbia, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit115 90 94 38

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Serbia, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm116 is up to five years in prison45

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in Serbia are known to have117 118 119 120 121 122 123 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Surrendered in Gun Amnesty

In Serbia, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered in recent arms amnesty and collection programmes is reported to be 10,000-15,000117 (2001-2003) and 47,853117 (2003)

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn Serbia, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2015: 76,500124
2013: 16,733125
2012: 1,258126
2011: 668
2007: 37,364127 128 129

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn Serbia, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2013: 17,000130 131
2010: 28,285123
2009: 27,000
2006: 14,936121 122
2004: 10,000120
2003: 117,269132 117 120
2002: 10,000-15,000117
2001: 52,000118

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Serbia, it is state policy133 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 2008134 by Serbia.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified135 by Serbia

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified136 by Serbia

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Serbia committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects137

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Serbia against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 61138 139 140 141 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Serbia has submitted one or more national reports142 143 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Serbia, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated144 143

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Serbia, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated143

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Serbia submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent145

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated143 by Serbia to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided143 to Serbia by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Serbia has declared146 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Serbia has been a Member State of the United Nations since 2000147

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list148 Serbia as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Serbia, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Serbia ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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