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Armed violence prevention, gun control laws and the small arms trade:

Senegal — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Senegal is

2300001 2:
2017: 323,0003

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Senegal is

2017: 23
2007: 2.01

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Senegal ranked at No. 1124

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Senegal ranked at No. 1251

Number of Registered Firearms

The number of registered guns in Senegal is reported to be

2017: 7,0533

Estimated Number of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms

Unregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,5 but in Senegal there are estimated to be

2017: 315,9473

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Senegal are reported to have 16,3206 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Senegal are reported to have 6,0007 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Senegal, annual homicides by any means total

2015: 1,1048
2013: 259
2012: 37910
2010: 1,099
2008: 1,02711

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Senegal, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 7.908
2013: 0.29
2012: 2.810
2010: 8.92
2008: 8.711
2004: 7.6512 11
2003: 1.10
2002: 11.0012
2000: 0.33
1999: 0.48

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Senegal, annual male homicides by any means total

2015: 90113
2010: 82213

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

In Senegal, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 12.2613

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Senegal, annual female homicides by any means total

2015: 20413
2010: 277

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

In Senegal, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 2.6713

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Senegal, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted with a valid licence,14 15 16 17 but is not conducted in practice18 19

Home-made Guns

In Senegal, the prevalence of illicit craft, or 'home-made' firearm manufacture is reported to be high20 21 22 23 24

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Senegal, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law14 15 25 26 27 28 29

Firearm Exports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms exported from Senegal is reported by manufacturers to be

2017: 030
2015: 0

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Senegal is reported by Customs to be US$243,46631 (2011)

Firearm Imports

In Senegal, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law14 15 25 32 33 26 27 34 35 36

Firearm Imports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms imported to Senegal is reported to be

2017: 2,31830
2015: 0
2006: 15037

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Senegal is reported by Customs to be US$1,474,78231 (2011)

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Senegal, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law38 15 39 40

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Senegal include41 42 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Senegal is categorised as permissive43

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Senegal includes the Act No. 66-03 of January 18, 1966, Act No. 2006-06 of January 6, 2006, Decree No. 66-889 of November 17, 1966, and Decree No. 73-1128 of December 13, 197344 2

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Senegal are regulated by the Minister of the Interior, and local administrative authorities29 45 25 46

Right to Possess Firearms

In Senegal, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law47 48 14

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Senegal, civilians are not allowed to possess flintlock rifles,49 airguns50 or weapons of war51

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Senegal, private possession of fully automatic weapons is permitted under licence25 9

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Senegal, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted under licence25

Regulation of Handguns

In Senegal, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence25 9

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Senegal, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law25 9

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Senegal, only licensed gun owners52 45 53 54 25 32 9 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Senegal are not required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm55 56

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Senegal is undefined54

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Senegal must pass a background check which considers good morality and criminal, mental health and medical54 28 57 58 46 59 9 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Senegal, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required55 56

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Senegal does not stipulate55 56 2 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Senegal, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is not required55 56 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Senegal, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every one year60 61

Licensing Records

In Senegal, authorities maintain a record61 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Senegal are permitted to possess any number of firearms55 56

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Senegal are permitted to possess any quantity of ammunition55 56

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Senegal, the law requires62 42 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Senegal, licensed firearm dealers are required34 63 64 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Senegal, licensed gun makers are not required18 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Senegal, State agencies are required65 66 67 42 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Senegal, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited without authorisation from the Ministry of the Interior26 68 45

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Senegal, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful26 29 34 69 14 15

Background Checks for Private Gun Sales

The buyer of a firearm in a private sale in Senegal is obliged54 to pass official background checks before taking possession

Background Checks for Dealer Gun Sales

The buyer of a firearm from a licensed gun dealer in Senegal is obliged54 to pass official background checks before taking possession

Limit on Gun Dealer Sales

In Senegal, the number and type of firearms which can be sold by a licensed gun dealer to a single gun owner is limited to one firearm per import or purchase permit32

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In Senegal, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is undetermined55 56

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Senegal, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are not regulated55 56 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Senegal include70 71 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Senegal include34 71 36 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Senegal include66 67 72 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Senegal do not include39 40 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Senegal, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law32 73 18 65 74 27

Firearm Tracing

In Senegal, state authorities carry out75 42 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Senegal, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are not55 56 recorded in a register

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Senegal, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is prohibited, with rare exceptions76 51 25 77 9

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Senegal, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is prohibited, with rare exceptions76 25 77 9

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Senegal, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm78 is five years in prison and a fine79

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in Senegal are known to have80 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Small Arms Destroyed

In Senegal, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be 8,00080 (2003), 35481 (2007)

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Senegal, it is state policy82 80 66 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

African Union

In June 2006, as a member of the African Union, Senegal adopted an African Common Position to take to the Conference to Review the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA), held in June 200683 84

Economic Community of West African States

In June 2006, as a member of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), Senegal adopted the ECOWAS Convention on Small Arms and Light Weapons, their Ammunition and other Related Materials. This stipulates strict controls on the transfer, manufacture, possession and security of small arms and light weapons85 86

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 200687 by Senegal.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified88 by Senegal

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified89 by Senegal

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Senegal committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects90

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Senegal against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 6091 92 93 94 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Senegal has submitted one or more national reports95 96 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Senegal, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated97 96

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Senegal, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated97

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Senegal submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent97 96

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated96 by Senegal to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided96 to Senegal by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Senegal has declared98 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Senegal has been a Member State of the United Nations since 196099

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list100 Senegal as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Senegal, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Senegal ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


Short References

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29.

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Senegal.2005.‘Prohibited Manufacture, Import, Export (Fabrication, Importation, Exportation Interdites).’ National Report of Senegal on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Senegal to the United Nations,1 April. (Q3987)Full Citation

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Senegal.1966.‘Article 4.’ Act No 66-03 of January 18, 1966, Regulating Arms and Ammunition (Loi No 66-03 du 18 Janvier 1966 Relative au Régime Général des Armes et des Munitions).Dakar:Office of the President of the Republic of Senegal,18 January. (Q4479)Full Citation

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Senegal.1966.‘Article 11.’ Act No 66-03 of January 18, 1966, Regulating Arms and Ammunition (Loi No 66-03 du 18 Janvier 1966 Relative au Régime Général des Armes et des Munitions).Dakar:Office of the President of the Republic of Senegal,18 January. (Q4483)Full Citation

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Senegal.2005.‘Collection, Manufacture, Import, Export (Collection, Fabrication, Importation, Exportation).’ National Report of Senegal on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Senegal to the United Nations,1 April. (Q3988)Full Citation

53.

Senegal.1966.‘Article 5.’ Act No 66-03 of January 18, 1966, Regulating Arms and Ammunition (Loi No 66-03 du 18 Janvier 1966 Relative au Régime Général des Armes et des Munitions).Dakar:Office of the President of the Republic of Senegal,18 January. (Q4480)Full Citation

54.

Senegal.1966.‘Article 13.’ Act No 66-03 of January 18, 1966, Regulating Arms and Ammunition (Loi No 66-03 du 18 Janvier 1966 Relative au Régime Général des Armes et des Munitions).Dakar:Office of the President of the Republic of Senegal,18 January. (Q4484)Full Citation

55.

Senegal.1966.‘Act No 66-03 of January 18, 1966, Regulating Arms and Ammunition.’ Act No 66-03 of January 18, 1966, Regulating Arms and Ammunition (Loi No 66-03 du 18 Janvier 1966 Relative au Régime Général des Armes et des Munitions).Dakar:Office of the President of the Republic of Senegal,18 January. (Q4476)Full Citation

56.

Senegal.1966.‘Decree No 66-889 of November 17, 1966.’ Implementation of the Act No 66-03 of January 18, 1966, Regulating Arms and Ammunition.Dakar:Office of the President of the Republic of Senegal,17 November. (Q4488)Full Citation

57.

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