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Armed violence prevention, gun control laws and the small arms trade:

Scotland — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

For combined British figures and legislation, see 'United Kingdom'

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Scotland is

2017: 305,0001
2007: 280,0002

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Scotland is

2017: 5.61
2007: 5.52

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

In Scotland, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be

2012: 72,0053

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

In Scotland, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be

2012: 141,5694

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

There are reportedly

2012: 5665 'handguns' in civilian possession in Scotland (see citation)

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Scotland ranked at No. 1056

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Scotland ranked at No. 932

Proportion of Households with Firearms

ChartIn Scotland, the percentage of households with one or more guns is reported to be

2005: 6.7%7
1999/2003: 3.1%
1995/98: 4.2%
1989: 5.1%

Proportion of Households with Handguns

ChartIn Scotland, the percentage of households with one or more handguns is reported to be

2005: 0.7%7
1999/2003: 0.1%
1995/98: 0.4%
1989: 0.4%

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

The number of licensed gun owners in Scotland is reported to be

2012: 73,8703 4

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

The rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in Scotland is

2012: 1.398

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Scotland is reported to be

2017: 187,0001
2013: 213,5743 4

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in Scotland is

2017: 3.458
2013: 4.02

Estimated Number of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms

Unregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,9 but in Scotland there are estimated to be

2017: 118,0001

Estimated Rate of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

Unregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,9 but in Scotland the rate of such firearms per 100 people is estimated to be

2017: 2.188

Government Guns

Routine Arming of Police

In Scotland, police officers on routine patrol do not carry a firearm10 11

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Scotland are reported to have 2,00012 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Scotland, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 1113
2013: 11
2012: 1414
2011: 1315
2010: 1916
2009: 1117
2008: 1418
2007: 1319
2006: 2120
2005: 1921
2004: 1822
2003: 1223
2002: 1624
2001: 1325
2000: 2026
1999: 2527
1998: 3228
1997: 2029
1996: 4130

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Scotland, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.2113
2013: 0.21
2012: 0.26
2011: 0.25
2010: 0.36
2009: 0.21
2008: 0.27
2007: 0.25
2006: 0.41
2005: 0.37
2004: 0.35
2003: 0.24
2002: 0.32
2001: 0.26
2000: 0.40
1999: 0.49
1998: 0.63
1997: 0.39
1996: 0.81

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Scotland, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 1113
2013: 11
2012: 14
2011: 10
2010: 17

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Scotland, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 013
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 3
2010: 2

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Scotland, annual homicides by any means total

2014: 5213
2013: 58
2012: 63
2011: 72
2010: 82
2009: 9931 32 33
2008: 115
2007: 120
2006: 95
2005: 137
2004: 109
2003: 125
2002: 11332 33
2001: 107
2000: 123
1999: 12834 33
1998: 100
1997: 95
1996: 135
1995: 137

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Scotland, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.2113
2013: 0.21
2012: 0.26
2011: 0.25
2010: 0.36
2009: 1.9
2008: 2.2
2007: 2.3
2006: 1.9
2005: 2.7
2004: 2.2
2003: 2.5
2002: 2.232 33
2001: 2.1
2000: 2.4
1999: 2.434 33
1998: 1.9
1997: 1.8
1996: 2.6
1995: 2.6

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Scotland, annual male homicides by any means total

2014: 3613
2013: 49
2012: 52
2011: 59
2010: 59

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Scotland, annual female homicides by any means total

2014: 1613
2013: 9
2012: 11
2011: 13
2010: 23

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Scotland, annual firearm homicides total

2016: 135
2015: 1
2014: 013
2013: 2
2012: 1
2011: 5
2010: 2
2009: 117 36
2008: 118 36
2007: 419 36
2006: 1020 36
2005: 721 36
2004: 622 36
2003: 223 36
2002: 324 36
2001: 525 37
2000: 426 37
1999: 727 37
1998: 828
1997: 529
1996: 2630

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Scotland, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2016: 035
2015: 0
2014: 013
2013: 0.04
2012: 0.04
2011: 0.06
2010: 0
2009: 0.0217
2008: 0.0218
2007: 0.0819
2006: 0.2020
2005: 0.1421
2004: 0.1222
2003: 0.0423
2002: 0.0624
2001: 0.1025
2000: 0.0826
1999: 0.1427
1998: 0.1628
1997: 0.1029
1996: 0.5130
1994: 0.1938

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Scotland, annual male firearm homicides total

2015: 013
2014: 0
2013: 2
2012: 1
2011: 4
2010: 2

Rate of Male Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Scotland, the annual rate of male firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.1035
2012: 0
2011: 0.10
2010: 0.10

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Scotland, annual female firearm homicides total

2015: 013
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 1
2010: 0

Rate of Female Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Scotland, the annual rate of female firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 035
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn Scotland, annual handgun homicides total

2012: 239
2011: 240
2010: 041
2009: 142
2008: 143
2007: 144
2006: 345
2005: 146
2003: 047
2002: 048
2001: 149
2000: 150
1999: 051
1998: 152
1997: 553

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Scotland, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.048
2010: 0.04
2009: 0.00
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.02
2006: 0.02
2005: 0.06
2004: 0.02
2003: 0.00
2002: 0.00
2001: 0.02
2000: 0.02
1999: 0.00
1998: 0.02
1997: 0.10

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn Scotland, annual long gun homicides total

2012: 239
2011: 040
2010: 141
2009: 042
2007: 219 43
2006: 220 44
2005: 221 45
2004: 322 46
2003: 123 47
2002: 224 48
2001: 049
2000: 150
1999: 451
1998: 352
1997: 153

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Scotland, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.048
2010: 0.00
2009: 0.02
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.0419
2006: 0.0420
2005: 0.0421
2004: 0.0622
2003: 0.0223
2002: 0.0424
2001: 0.008
2000: 0.02
1999: 0.08
1998: 0.06
1997: 0.02

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn Scotland, annual gun homicides (other) total

2011: 315 39
2010: 316 40
2009: 117 41
2008: 118 42
2007: 219 43
2006: 820 44
2005: 521 45
2004: 322 46
2003: 123 47
2002: 124 48
2001: 525 49
2000: 426 50
1999: 051
1998: 052
1997: 053

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Scotland, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.0615
2010: 0.0616
2009: 0.0217
2008: 0.0218
2007: 0.0419
2006: 0.1620
2005: 0.1021
2004: 0.0622
2003: 0.0223
2002: 0.0224
2001: 0.1025
2000: 0.0826
1999: 0.008
1998: 0.00
1997: 0.00

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Scotland, annual suicides by any means total

2014: 54913
2013: 600
2012: 569
2011: 52754
2010: 568
2009: 568
2008: 569
2007: 517
2006: 542
2005: 547
2004: 606
2003: 560
2002: 636
2001: 609
2000: 648
1999: 637
1998: 649
1997: 599
1996: 597
1995: 623
1994: 624
1993: 615
1992: 569
1991: 525
1990: 535

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Scotland, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2014: 10.2713
2013: 11.26
2012: 10.71
2011: 9.94
2010: 10.79
2009: 10.94
2008: 11.01
2007: 10.05
2006: 10.59
2005: 10.74
2004: 11.93
2003: 11.07
2002: 12.58
2001: 12.03
2000: 12.80
1999: 12.56
1998: 12.78
1997: 11.78
1996: 11.72
1995: 12.21
1994: 12.238 55
1993: 12.088
1992: 11.19
1991: 10.33
1990: 10.53

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Scotland, annual male suicides by any means total

2014: 39813
2013: 479
2012: 426
2011: 393
2010: 424

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Scotland, annual female suicides by any means total

2014: 15113
2013: 121
2012: 143
2011: 134
2010: 144

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Scotland, annual firearm suicides total

2014: 1013
2013: 6
2012: 1014
2011: 615 56
2010: 1316 56
2009: 1017 56
2008: 1318 56
2007: 619 56
2006: 920 56
2005: 1121 56
2004: 922 56
2003: 723 56
2002: 1024 56
2001: 725 56
2000: 1426 56
1999: 1427 56
1998: 1728 56
1997: 1029 56
1996: 1130 56
1995: 3456
1994: 19
1993: 29
1992: 18
1991: 20
1990: 20

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Scotland, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.1913
2013: 0.11
2012: 0.19
2011: 0.11
2010: 0.25
2009: 0.1917
2008: 0.2518
2007: 0.1219
2006: 0.1820
2005: 0.2221
2004: 0.1822
2003: 0.1423
2002: 0.2024
2001: 0.1425
2000: 0.2826
1999: 0.2827
1998: 0.3328
1997: 0.2029
1996: 0.2230
1995: 0.678
1994: 0.378 57
1993: 0.578
1992: 0.35
1991: 0.39
1990: 0.39

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Scotland, annual male firearm suicides total

2014: 1013
2013: 6
2012: 10
2011: 5
2010: 12

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Scotland, annual female firearm suicides total

2014: 013
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 1
2010: 1

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn Scotland, annual handgun suicides total

2010: 116
2001: 125

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Scotland, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.0216
2001: 0.0225

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn Scotland, the number of long gun suicides is

2011: 515
2010: 616
2009: 817
2008: 718
2007: 319
2006: 620
2005: 721
2004: 422
2003: 523
2002: 624
2001: 525
2000: 826

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Scotland, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.1015
2010: 0.1116
2009: 0.1517
2008: 0.1418
2007: 0.0619
2006: 0.1220
2005: 0.1421
2004: 0.0822
2003: 0.1023
2002: 0.1224
2001: 0.1025
2000: 0.1626

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn Scotland, annual gun suicides (other) total

2011: 115
2010: 616
2009: 217
2008: 618
2007: 319
2006: 320
2005: 421
2004: 522
2003: 223
2002: 424
2001: 125
2000: 626

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Scotland, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.0215
2010: 0.1116
2009: 0.0417
2008: 0.1218
2007: 0.0619
2006: 0.0620
2005: 0.0821
2004: 0.1022
2003: 0.0423
2002: 0.0824
2001: 0.0225
2000: 0.1226

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Scotland, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2014: 113
2013: 2
2012: 0
2011: 115
2010: 0
2007: 119
2006: 120
2004: 122
2002: 124
2001: 058

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Scotland, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0213
2013: 0.02
2012: 0.04
2011: 0.06
2010: 0.06
2007: 0.0219
2006: 0.0220
2004: 0.0222
2002: 0.0224
2001: 0.0058
1994: 0.0259

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Scotland, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2014: 113
2013: 2
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Scotland, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2014: 013
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 1
2010: 0

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn Scotland, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2011: 115
2007: 119
2006: 120
2002: 124

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Scotland, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.0215
2007: 0.0219
2006: 0.0220
2002: 0.0224

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

In Scotland, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2004: 122

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

In Scotland, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2004: 0.0222

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Scotland, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 013
2013: 1
2012: 214
2011: 315
2010: 316
2007: 219
2006: 120
2005: 121
2004: 222
2003: 323
2002: 224
2001: 125
2000: 226
1999: 427
1998: 728
1997: 529
1996: 430

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Scotland, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.048
2011: 0.0615
2010: 0.0616
2007: 0.0419
2006: 0.0220
2005: 0.0221
2004: 0.0422
2003: 0.0623
2002: 0.0424
2001: 0.0225
2000: 0.0426
1999: 0.0927
1998: 0.1428
1997: 0.1029
1996: 0.0830
1994: 0.0460

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Scotland, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 013
2013: 1
2012: 2
2011: 2
2010: 3

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Scotland, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 013
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 1
2010: 0

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Scotland, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2011: 115
2010: 216
2007: 119
2006: 120
2005: 121
2004: 222
2003: 223
2002: 224
2001: 125
2000: 126

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Scotland, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.0215
2010: 0.0416
2007: 0.0219
2006: 0.0220
2005: 0.0221
2004: 0.0422
2003: 0.0423
2002: 0.0424
2001: 0.0225
2000: 0.0226

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Scotland, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2011: 215
2010: 116
2007: 119
2003: 123
2000: 126

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Scotland, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.0415
2010: 0.0216
2007: 0.0219
2003: 0.0223
2000: 0.0226

Non-fatal Gun Injuries

ChartIn Scotland, the annual number of non-fatal firearm injuries61 is

2012: 9062 63
2011: 109
2010: 152
2009: 140
2008: 208
2007: 240
2006: 189
2005: 316
2004: 239
2003: 340

Rate of Non-fatal Gun Injury per 100,000 People

ChartIn Scotland, the annual rate of non-fatal firearm injury61 per 100,000 population is

2011: 1.708
2010: 2.09
2009: 2.93
2008: 2.71
2007: 4.04
2006: 4.69
2005: 3.71
2004: 6.22
2003: 4.73
2002: 4.75

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Scotland includes the Firearms Act 1968 (see United Kingdom)64 and the Firearms (Scotland) Rules 198965

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Scotland are regulated by the Chief Officer of Police66 67

Right to Possess Firearms

In Scotland, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law68 69

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Scotland, only licensed gun owners66 67 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Scotland are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm70

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Scotland must pass a background check which considers mental health, health and criminal70 71 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Scotland, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are required72

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Scotland, the law requires5 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Scotland, licensed firearm dealers are required73 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Scotland, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful73

Number of Licensed Gun Dealers

ChartThe number of licensed firearm dealers in Scotland is reported to be

2012: 35374
2011: 346
2010: 337
2009: 335
2008: 327
2007: 301
2006: 283
2005: 275
2004: 280
2003: 284
2002: 28575
2001: 273
2000: 278
1999: 283
1998: 295
1997: 313
1996: 319
1995: 328
1994: 350

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Scotland include66 67 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

BackgroundSustainable Development Goal Profile

About SDG 16

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are 17 goals set by the United Nations to be implemented by all member states by 2030. Adopted in 2015, they outline a vision of development in which peace and security are an integral part. SDG 16,76 which seeks to “promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development,” includes targets and indicators focused on reducing violence (Target 16.1) and the proliferation of illicit arms (Target 16.4). The indicators – or measurement criteria – of these targets include the number of victims of intentional homicide (Indicator 16.1.1), the number of conflict-related deaths (Indicator 16.1.2), and the number of illicit firearms collected and traced (Indicator 16.4.2). In light of these targets and indicators, GunPolicy.org provides granular national data pertaining to homicides, gun homicides, conflict deaths, disarmament efforts, and marking and tracing.

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Scotland, annual homicides by any means total

2014: 5213
2013: 58
2012: 63
2011: 72
2010: 82
2009: 9931 32 33
2008: 115
2007: 120
2006: 95
2005: 137
2004: 109
2003: 125
2002: 11332 33
2001: 107
2000: 123
1999: 12834 33
1998: 100
1997: 95
1996: 135
1995: 137

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Scotland, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.2113
2013: 0.21
2012: 0.26
2011: 0.25
2010: 0.36
2009: 1.9
2008: 2.2
2007: 2.3
2006: 1.9
2005: 2.7
2004: 2.2
2003: 2.5
2002: 2.232 33
2001: 2.1
2000: 2.4
1999: 2.434 33
1998: 1.9
1997: 1.8
1996: 2.6
1995: 2.6

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Scotland, annual male homicides by any means total

2014: 3613
2013: 49
2012: 52
2011: 59
2010: 59

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Scotland, annual female homicides by any means total

2014: 1613
2013: 9
2012: 11
2011: 13
2010: 23

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Scotland, annual firearm homicides total

2016: 135
2015: 1
2014: 013
2013: 2
2012: 1
2011: 5
2010: 2
2009: 117 36
2008: 118 36
2007: 419 36
2006: 1020 36
2005: 721 36
2004: 622 36
2003: 223 36
2002: 324 36
2001: 525 37
2000: 426 37
1999: 727 37
1998: 828
1997: 529
1996: 2630

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Scotland, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2016: 035
2015: 0
2014: 013
2013: 0.04
2012: 0.04
2011: 0.06
2010: 0
2009: 0.0217
2008: 0.0218
2007: 0.0819
2006: 0.2020
2005: 0.1421
2004: 0.1222
2003: 0.0423
2002: 0.0624
2001: 0.1025
2000: 0.0826
1999: 0.1427
1998: 0.1628
1997: 0.1029
1996: 0.5130
1994: 0.1938

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Scotland, annual male firearm homicides total

2015: 013
2014: 0
2013: 2
2012: 1
2011: 4
2010: 2

Rate of Male Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Scotland, the annual rate of male firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.1035
2012: 0
2011: 0.10
2010: 0.10

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Scotland, annual female firearm homicides total

2015: 013
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 1
2010: 0

Rate of Female Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Scotland, the annual rate of female firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 035
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Disarmament

Surrendered in Gun Amnesty

In Scotland, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered in recent arms amnesty and collection programmes is reported to be 3,39377 (2003)

Small Arms Destroyed

In Scotland, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be 80078 (2008)

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Scotland, it is state policy79 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market


Short References

1.

Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Civilian Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Civilian-Held Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13434)Full Citation

2.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms - Annexe online.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q5)Full Citation

3.

Scotland.2013.‘Table 1: Firearm Certificates - Number of New Applications (Granted and Refused), Firearm Certificates on Issue and Firearms Held in Scotland as at 31 December, 2003-2013.’ Scottish Government, Crime and Justice Datasets.Edinburgh:Justice Analytical Services Division,29 May. (Q6813)Full Citation

4.

Scotland.2013.‘Table 5: Shotgun Certificates: Number of New Applications (Granted and Refused), Shotgun Certificates on Issue and Shotguns Held in Scotland as at 31 December, 2003-2013.’ Scottish Government, Crime and Justice Datasets.Edinburgh:Justice Analytical Services Division,29 May. (Q6814)Full Citation

5.

Scotland.2010.‘Firearm Certificates: Number of firearms possessed on certificate and firearms authorised to be purchased or acquired on certificate in force in Scotland at the end of the year by type of weapon, 2009.’ Scottish Government, Crime and Justice Datasets.Edinburgh:Justice Analytical Services Division,1 May. (Q2072)Full Citation

6.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q4)Full Citation

7.

van Dijk, Jan, John van Kesteren and Paul Smit.2007.‘Ownership of Firearms and Handguns in Countries and Main Cities (percentages): 1989-2005 ICVS and 2005 EU ICS.’ Criminal Victimisation in International Perspective: Key findings from the 2004-2005 ICVS and EU ICS.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime / UNODC,1 January. (Q11816)Full Citation

8.

GunPolicy.org.2016.‘Calculated Rates - Scotland.’ Historical Population Data - Scottish Government Website (Riaghaltas na h-Alba).Edinburgh:Scottish Government,21 July. (Q4228)Full Citation

9.

GunPolicy.org. 2019. ‘Estimated Number of Illicit Firearms.’ Definition and Selection Criteria.
Sydney School of Public Health, 24 January.
(G14) Full Citation

10.

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