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Armed violence prevention, gun control laws and the small arms trade:

Scotland — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

For combined British figures and legislation, see 'United Kingdom'

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Scotland is

2017: 305,0001
2007: 280,0002

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Scotland is

2017: 5.61
2007: 5.52

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

In Scotland, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be

2012: 72,0053

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

ChartIn Scotland, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be

2020: 133,0374
2019: 131,8665
2012: 141,5696

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

There are reportedly

2012: 5667 'handguns' in civilian possession in Scotland (see citation)

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Scotland ranked at No. 1058

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Scotland ranked at No. 932

Proportion of Households with Firearms

ChartIn Scotland, the percentage of households with one or more guns is reported to be

2005: 6.7%9
1999/2003: 3.1%
1995/98: 4.2%
1989: 5.1%

Proportion of Households with Handguns

ChartIn Scotland, the percentage of households with one or more handguns is reported to be

2005: 0.7%9
1999/2003: 0.1%
1995/98: 0.4%
1989: 0.4%

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

ChartThe number of licensed gun owners in Scotland is reported to be

2020: 25,98310
2015: 26,11211
2014: 26,101
2013: 26,02012
2012: 25,702
2011: 25,831
2010: 26,035
2009: 26,072
2008: 26,415
2007: 26,056
2006: 26,234
2005: 26,511

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in Scotland is

2015: 0.4913
2014:
2013: 0.49
2012: 0.48
2010: 0.49
2009: 0.50
2008: 0.51
2007: 0.50
2006: 0.51
2005: 0.52
0.49:

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Scotland is reported to be

2020: 104,30610
2019: 102,47414
2017: 187,0001
2014: 91,8631215
2013: 84,358
2012: 72,005
2011: 71,860
2010: 70,410
2009: 70,856
2008: 69,481
2007: 66,893
2006: 66,164
2005: 63,710

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in Scotland is

2019: 1.8813
2017: 3.45
2014: 1.72
2013: 1.58
2012: 1.36
2011: 1.36
2010: 1.34
2009: 1.35
2008: 1.34
2007: 1.29
2006: 1.29
2005: 1.25

Estimated Number of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms

Unregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,16 but in Scotland there are estimated to be

2017: 118,0001

Estimated Rate of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

Unregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,16 but in Scotland the rate of such firearms per 100 people is estimated to be

2017: 2.1813

Government Guns

Routine Arming of Police

In Scotland, police officers on routine patrol do not carry a firearm17 18

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Scotland are reported to have 2,00019 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Scotland, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2019: 1420
2018: 15
2017: 4
2016: 7
2015: 6
2014: 11
2013: 11
2012: 1421
2011: 1322
2010: 1923
2009: 1124
2008: 1425
2007: 1326
2006: 2127
2005: 18
2004: 16
2003: 11
2002: 1628
2001: 1329
2000: 2030
1999: 2531
1998: 3232
1997: 2033
1996: 4134

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Scotland, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2019: 0.2620
2018: 0.28
2017: 0.07
2016: 0.13
2015: 0.11
2014: 0.21
2013: 0.21
2012: 0.26
2011: 0.25
2010: 0.36
2009: 0.21
2008: 0.27
2007: 0.25
2006: 0.41
2005: 0.35
2004: 0.32
2003: 0.22
2002: 0.32
2001: 0.26
2000: 0.40
1999: 0.49
1998: 0.63
1997: 0.39
1996: 0.81

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Scotland, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2019: 1320
2018: 14
2017: 3
2016: 7
2015: 6
2014: 11
2013: 11
2012: 14
2011: 10
2010: 17
2009: 11
2008: 14
2007: 12
2006: 20
2005: 18
2004: 16
2003: 10
2001: 13
2000: 20

Rate of Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Scotland, the annual rate of male gun death per 100,000 population is

2019: 0.4920
2018: 0.53
2017: 0.11
2016: 0.27
2015: 0.23
2014: 0.43
2013: 0.43
2012: 0.54
2011: 0.39
2010: 0.67
2009: 0.44
2008: 0.56
2007: 0.48
2006: 0.81
2005: 0.74
2004: 0.66
2003: 0.41
2001: 0.53
2000: 0.82

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Scotland, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2019: 120
2018: 1
2017: 1
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 3
2010: 2
2007: 1
2006: 1
2003: 1

Rate of Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Scotland, the annual rate of female gun death per 100,000 population is

2019: 0.0420
2018: 0.04
2017: 0.04
2011: 0.11
2010: 0.07
2007: 0.04
2006: 0.04
2003: 0.04

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Scotland, annual homicides by any means total

2019: 4220
2018: 51
2017: 51
2016: 51
2015: 41
2014: 51
2013: 53
2012: 57
2011: 63
2010: 67
2009: 9935 36 37
2008: 115
2007: 120
2006: 95
2005: 137
2004: 109
2003: 125
2002: 11336 37
2001: 107
2000: 123
1999: 12838 37
1998: 100
1997: 95
1996: 135
1995: 137

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Scotland, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2019: 0.7720
2018: 0.94
2017: 0.94
2016: 0.95
2015: 0.77
2014: 0.96
2013: 1
2012: 1.08
2011: 1.20
2010: 1.28
2009: 1.27
2008: 2.2
2007: 2.3
2006: 1.9
2005: 2.7
2004: 2.2
2003: 2.5
2002: 2.236 37
2001: 2.1
2000: 2.4
1999: 2.438 37
1998: 1.9
1997: 1.8
1996: 2.6
1995: 2.6

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Scotland, annual male homicides by any means total

2019: 3420
2018: 39
2017: 38
2016: 38
2015: 30
2014: 35
2013: 44
2012: 49
2011: 50
2010: 49
2009: 49
2008: 54
2007: 67
2006: 90
2005: 58
2004: 94
2003: 78
2001: 65
2000: 60

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Scotland, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2019: 1.2820
2018: 1.48
2017: 1.45
2016: 1.46
2015: 1.16
2014: 1.35
2013: 1.71
2012: 1.91
2011: 1.96
2010: 1.94
2009: 1.95
2008: 2.16
2007: 2.71
2006: 3.66
2005: 2.37
2004: 3.86
2003: 3.20
2001: 2.67
2000: 2.47

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Scotland, annual female homicides by any means total

2019: 820
2018: 12
2017: 13
2016: 13
2015: 11
2014: 16
2013: 9
2012: 8
2011: 13
2010: 18
2009: 17
2008: 26
2007: 15
2006: 12
2005: 11
2004: 17
2003: 15
2001: 16
2000: 22

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Scotland, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2019: 0.2920
2018: 0.43
2017: 0.47
2016: 0.47
2015: 0.40
2014: 0.58
2013: 0.33
2012: 0.29
2011: 0.48
2010: 0.67
2009: 0.63
2008: 0.97
2007: 0.56
2006: 0.45
2005: 0.42
2004: 0.65
2003: 0.57
2001: 0.61
2000: 0.84

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Scotland, annual firearm homicides total

2019: 120
2018: 2
2017: 1
2016: 139
2015: 1
2014: 020
2013: 2
2012: 1
2011: 3
2010: 3
2009: 124 40
2008: 125 40
2007: 2
2006: 8
2005: 5
2004: 3
2003: 1
2002: 328 40
2001: 529 41
2000: 430 41
1999: 731 41
1998: 832
1997: 533
1996: 2634

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Scotland, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2019: 0.0220
2018: 0.04
2017: 0.02
2016: 0.02
2015: 0
2014: 020
2013: 0.04
2012: 0.02
2011: 0.06
2010: 0.06
2009: 0.02
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.04
2006: 0.16
2005: 0.10
2004: 0.06
2003: 0.02
2002: 0.0628
2001: 0.10
2000: 0.08
1999: 0.1431
1998: 0.1632
1997: 0.1033
1996: 0.5134
1994: 0.1942

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Scotland, annual male firearm homicides total

2019: 120
2018: 2
2017: 1
2016: 1
2015: 020
2014: 0
2013: 2
2012: 1
2011: 3
2010: 2
2009: 1
2008: 1
2007: 2
2006: 8
2005: 5
2004: 3
2003: 1
2001: 5
2000: 4

Rate of Male Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Scotland, the annual rate of male firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2019: 0.0420
2018: 0.08
2017: 0.04
2016: 0.04
2015: 0
2014: 0
2013: 0.08
2012: 0.04
2011: 0.12
2010: 0.08
2009: 0.04
2008: 0.04
2007: 0.08
2006: 0.33
2005: 0.20
2004: 0.12
2003: 0.04
2001: 0.21
2000: 0.16

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Scotland, annual female firearm homicides total

2015: 020
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 1
2010: 120

Rate of Female Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Scotland, the annual rate of female firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2019: 020
2018: 0
2017: 0
2016: 0
2015: 0
2014: 0
2013: 039
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0.04
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 0
2004: 0
2003: 0
2001: 0
2000: 0

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn Scotland, annual handgun homicides total

2012: 243
2011: 244
2010: 045
2009: 146
2008: 147
2007: 148
2006: 349
2005: 150
2003: 051
2002: 052
2001: 153
2000: 154
1999: 055
1998: 156
1997: 557

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Scotland, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.0413
2010: 0.04
2009: 0.00
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.02
2006: 0.02
2005: 0.06
2004: 0.02
2003: 0.00
2002: 0.00
2001: 0.02
2000: 0.02
1999: 0.00
1998: 0.02
1997: 0.10

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn Scotland, annual long gun homicides total

2012: 243
2011: 044
2010: 145
2009: 046
2007: 226 47
2006: 227 48
2005: 258 49
2004: 359 50
2003: 160 51
2002: 228 52
2001: 053
2000: 154
1999: 455
1998: 356
1997: 157

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Scotland, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.0413
2010: 0.00
2009: 0.02
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.0426
2006: 0.0427
2005: 0.0458
2004: 0.0659
2003: 0.0260
2002: 0.0428
2001: 0.0013
2000: 0.02
1999: 0.08
1998: 0.06
1997: 0.02

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn Scotland, annual gun homicides (other) total

2011: 322 43
2010: 323 44
2009: 124 45
2008: 125 46
2007: 226 47
2006: 827 48
2005: 558 49
2004: 359 50
2003: 160 51
2002: 128 52
2001: 529 53
2000: 430 54
1999: 055
1998: 056
1997: 057

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Scotland, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.0622
2010: 0.0623
2009: 0.0224
2008: 0.0225
2007: 0.0426
2006: 0.1627
2005: 0.1058
2004: 0.0659
2003: 0.0260
2002: 0.0228
2001: 0.1029
2000: 0.0830
1999: 0.0013
1998: 0.00
1997: 0.00

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Scotland, annual suicides by any means total

2019: 630
2018: 626
2017: 587
2016: 603
2015: 556
2014: 549
2013: 600
2012: 569
2011: 52761
2010: 568
2009: 568
2008: 569
2007: 517
2006: 542
2005: 547
2004: 606
2003: 560
2002: 636
2001: 609
2000: 648
1999: 637
1998: 649
1997: 599
1996: 597
1995: 623
1994: 624
1993: 615
1992: 569
1991: 525
1990: 535
QCIte:

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Scotland, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2019: 11.58
2018: 11.54
2017: 10.86
2016: 11.22
2015: 10.40
2014: 10.30
2013: 11.29
2012: 10.74
2011: 10.01
2010: 10.86
2009: 10.92
2008: 11.01
2007: 10.07
2006: 10.61
2005: 10.76
2004: 11.96
2003: 11.05
2002: 12.58
2001: 12.03
2000: 12.80
1999: 12.56
1998: 12.78
1997: 11.78
1996: 11.72
1995: 12.21
1994: 12.2313 62
1993: 12.0813
1992: 11.19
1991: 10.33
1990: 10.53
QCIte:

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Scotland, annual male suicides by any means total

2019: 484
2018: 465
2017: 461
2016: 439
2015: 408
2014: 398
2013: 479
2012: 426
2011: 393
2010: 424
2009: 429
2008: 441
2007: 386
2006: 427
2005: 393
2004: 448
2003: 413
2001: 441
2000: 512
QCIte:

Rate of Male Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Scotland, the annual rate of male suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2019: 18.27
2018: 17.61
2017: 17.55
2016: 16.82
2015: 15.71
2014: 15.39
2013: 18.59
2012: 16.57
2011: 15.42
2010: 16.75
2009: 17.06
2008: 17.66
2007: 15.60
2006: 17.35
2005: 16.06
2004: 18.38
2003: 16.96
2001: 18.12
2000: 21.05
QCIte:

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Scotland, annual female suicides by any means total

2019: 146
2018: 161
2017: 126
2016: 164
2015: 148
2014: 15120
2013: 121
2012: 143
2011: 134
2010: 144
2009: 139
2008: 128
2007: 131
2006: 115
2005: 154
2004: 158
2003: 147
2001: 168
2000: 136
QCIte:

Rate of Female Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Scotland, the annual rate of female suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2019: 5.23
2018: 5.78
2017: 4.54
2016: 5.94
2015: 5.38
2014: 5.51
2013: 4.42
2012: 5.24
2011: 4.94
2010: 5.33
2009: 5.17
2008: 4.79
2007: 4.93
2006: 4.34
2005: 5.84
2004: 6.01
2003: 5.59
2001: 6.39
2000: 5.17
QCIte:

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Scotland, annual firearm suicides total

2019: 9
2018: 13
2017: 3
2016: 2
2015: 5
2014: 1020
2013: 6
2012: 1021
2011: 622 63
2010: 1323 63
2009: 1024 63
2008: 1325 63
2007: 626 63
2006: 927 63
2005: 1158 63
2004: 959 63
2003: 760 63
2002: 1028 63
2001: 729 63
2000: 1430 63
1999: 1431 63
1998: 1732 63
1997: 1033 63
1996: 1134 63
1995: 3463
1994: 19
1993: 29
1992: 18
1991: 20
1990: 20

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Scotland, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2019: 0.17
2018: 0.24
2017: 0.06
2016: 0.04
2015: 0.09
2014: 0.19
2013: 0.11
2012: 0.19
2011: 0.11
2010: 0.25
2009: 0.19
2008: 0.25
2007: 0.12
2006: 0.18
2005: 0.22
2004: 0.18
2003: 0.14
2002: 0.2028
2001: 0.14
2000: 0.28
1999: 0.2831
1998: 0.3332
1997: 0.2033
1996: 0.2234
1995: 0.6713
1994: 0.3713 64
1993: 0.5713
1992: 0.35
1991: 0.39
1990: 0.39

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Scotland, annual male firearm suicides total

2019: 9
2018: 12
2017: 2
2016: 2
2015: 5
2014: 1020
2013: 6
2012: 10
2011: 5
2010: 12
2009: 10
2008: 13
2007: 5
2006: 9
2005: 11
2004: 9
2003: 6
2001: 7
2000: 14

Rate of Male Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Scotland, the annual rate of male firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2019: 0.34
2018: 0.45
2017: 0.08
2016: 0.08
2015: 0.19
2014: 0.39
2013: 0.23
2012: 0.39
2011: 0.20
2010: 0.47
2009: 0.40
2008: 0.52
2007: 0.20
2006: 0.37
2005: 0.45
2004: 0.37
2003: 0.25
2001: 0.29
2000: 0.58

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Scotland, annual female firearm suicides total

2018: 1
2017: 1
2014: 020
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 1
2010: 1
2007: 1
2003: 1

Rate of Female Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Scotland, the annual rate of female firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2018: 0.04
2017: 0.04
2011: 0.04
2010: 0.04
2007: 0.04
2003: 0.04

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn Scotland, annual handgun suicides total

2010: 123
2001: 129

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Scotland, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.0223
2001: 0.0229

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn Scotland, the number of long gun suicides is

2011: 522
2010: 623
2009: 824
2008: 725
2007: 326
2006: 627
2005: 758
2004: 459
2003: 560
2002: 628
2001: 529
2000: 830

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn Scotland, annual gun suicides (other) total

2011: 122
2010: 623
2009: 224
2008: 625
2007: 326
2006: 327
2005: 458
2004: 559
2003: 260
2002: 428
2001: 129
2000: 630

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Scotland, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.0222
2010: 0.1123
2009: 0.0424
2008: 0.1225
2007: 0.0626
2006: 0.0627
2005: 0.0858
2004: 0.1059
2003: 0.0460
2002: 0.0828
2001: 0.0229
2000: 0.1230

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Scotland, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2019: 120
2016: 3
2015: 1
2014: 1
2013: 2
2012: 0
2011: 122
2010: 0
2007: 126
2006: 127
2004: 159
2002: 128
2001: 065
Country:

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Scotland, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.0620
2015: 0.02
2014: 0.02
2013: 0.04
2012: 0.04
2011: 0.02
2010: 0.06
2007: 0.02
2006: 0.02
2004: 0.02
2002: 0.0228
2001: 0.0065
1994: 0.0266

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Scotland, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2016: 120
2015: 3
2014: 1
2013: 1
2012: 0
2011: 2
2010: 0
2007: 1
2006: 1
2004: 1

Rate of Unintentional Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Scotland, the annual rate of unintentional male shooting death per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.0420
2015: 0.11
2014: 0.04
2013: 0.04
2011: 0.08
2007: 0.04
2006: 0.04
2004: 0.04

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Scotland, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2014: 020
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 1
2010: 0
2004: 120

Rate of Unintentional Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

In Scotland, the annual rate of unintentional female shooting death per 100,000 population is

2004: 0.0420

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn Scotland, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2011: 122
2007: 126
2006: 127
2002: 128

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Scotland, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.0222
2007: 0.0226
2006: 0.0227
2002: 0.0228

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

In Scotland, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2004: 159

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

In Scotland, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2004: 0.0259

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Scotland, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2018: 320
2015: 1
2014: 0
2013: 1
2012: 1
2011: 2
2010: 323
2009: 3
2007: 226
2006: 2
2005: 158
2004: 1
2003: 2
2002: 3
2001: 129
2000: 230
1999: 431
1998: 732
1997: 533
1996: 434

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Scotland, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2018: 0.0620
2015: 0.02
2012: 0.02
2011: 0.04
2010: 0.06
2009: 0.06
2007: 0.0426
2006: 0.04
2005: 0.02
2004: 0.02
2003: 0.04
2002: 0.06
2001: 0.02
2000: 0.04
1999: 0.0931
1998: 0.1432
1997: 0.1033
1996: 0.0834
1994: 0.0467

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Scotland, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2018: 220
2015: 1
2014: 0
2013: 1
2012: 1
2011: 2
2010: 2
2009: 3
2006: 2
2005: 1
2004: 1
2003: 2
2002: 3
2001: 1
2000: 2

Rate of Male Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Scotland, the annual rate of unknown-cause male shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2018: 0.0820
2015: 0.04
2012: 0.04
2011: 0.08
2010: 0.08
2009: 0.12
2006: 0.08
2005: 0.04
2004: 0.04
2003: 0.08
2002: 0.12
2001: 0.04
2000: 0.08

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Scotland, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 020
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 1
2010: 0
2001: 120
2000: 1

Rate of Female Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Scotland, the annual rate of unknown-cause female shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2001: 0.04
2000: 0.04

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Scotland, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2011: 122
2010: 223
2007: 126
2006: 127
2005: 158
2004: 259
2003: 260
2002: 228
2001: 129
2000: 130

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Scotland, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.0222
2010: 0.0423
2007: 0.0226
2006: 0.0227
2005: 0.0258
2004: 0.0459
2003: 0.0460
2002: 0.0428
2001: 0.0229
2000: 0.0230

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Scotland, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2011: 222
2010: 123
2007: 126
2003: 160
2000: 130

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Scotland, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.0422
2010: 0.0223
2007: 0.0226
2003: 0.0260
2000: 0.0230

Non-fatal Gun Injuries

ChartIn Scotland, the annual number of non-fatal firearm injuries68 is

2018: 4369
2017: 41
2016: 38
2015: 4870
2014: 42
2013: 65
2012: 9071 72
2011: 109
2010: 152
2009: 141
2008: 208
2007: 240

Rate of Non-fatal Gun Injury per 100,000 People

ChartIn Scotland, the annual rate of non-fatal firearm injury68 per 100,000 population is

2018: 2.2913
2017: 2.19
2016: 2.04
2015: 2.59
2014 2.28:
2013: 3.55
2012: 4.94
2011: 6.01
2010: 8.42
2009: 7.86
2008: 11.69
2007: 13.62

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Scotland includes the Firearms Act 1968 (see United Kingdom)73 and the Firearms (Scotland) Rules 198974

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Scotland are regulated by the Chief Officer of Police75 76

Right to Possess Firearms

In Scotland, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law77 78

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Scotland, only licensed gun owners75 76 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Scotland are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm79

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Scotland must pass a background check which considers mental health, health and criminal79 80 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Scotland, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are required81

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Scotland, the law requires7 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Scotland, licensed firearm dealers are required82 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Scotland, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful82

Number of Licensed Gun Dealers

ChartThe number of licensed firearm dealers in Scotland is reported to be

2020: 33983
2019: 35084
2015: 34685
2014: 358
2012: 35386
2011: 346
2010: 337
2009: 335
2008: 327
2007: 301
2006: 283
2005: 275
2004: 280
2003: 284
2002: 28587
2001: 273
2000: 278
1999: 283
1998: 295
1997: 313
1996: 319
1995: 328
1994: 350

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Scotland include75 76 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

BackgroundSustainable Development Goal Profile

About SDG 16

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are 17 goals set by the United Nations to be implemented by all member states by 2030. Adopted in 2015, they outline a vision of development in which peace and security are an integral part. SDG 16,88 which seeks to “promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development,” includes targets and indicators focused on reducing violence (Target 16.1) and the proliferation of illicit arms (Target 16.4). The indicators – or measurement criteria – of these targets include the number of victims of intentional homicide (Indicator 16.1.1), the number of conflict-related deaths (Indicator 16.1.2), and the number of illicit firearms collected and traced (Indicator 16.4.2). In light of these targets and indicators, GunPolicy.org provides granular national data pertaining to homicides, gun homicides, conflict deaths, disarmament efforts, and marking and tracing.

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Scotland, annual homicides by any means total

2019: 4220
2018: 51
2017: 51
2016: 51
2015: 41
2014: 51
2013: 53
2012: 57
2011: 63
2010: 67
2009: 9935 36 37
2008: 115
2007: 120
2006: 95
2005: 137
2004: 109
2003: 125
2002: 11336 37
2001: 107
2000: 123
1999: 12838 37
1998: 100
1997: 95
1996: 135
1995: 137

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Scotland, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2019: 0.7720
2018: 0.94
2017: 0.94
2016: 0.95
2015: 0.77
2014: 0.96
2013: 1
2012: 1.08
2011: 1.20
2010: 1.28
2009: 1.27
2008: 2.2
2007: 2.3
2006: 1.9
2005: 2.7
2004: 2.2
2003: 2.5
2002: 2.236 37
2001: 2.1
2000: 2.4
1999: 2.438 37
1998: 1.9
1997: 1.8
1996: 2.6
1995: 2.6

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Scotland, annual male homicides by any means total

2019: 3420
2018: 39
2017: 38
2016: 38
2015: 30
2014: 35
2013: 44
2012: 49
2011: 50
2010: 49
2009: 49
2008: 54
2007: 67
2006: 90
2005: 58
2004: 94
2003: 78
2001: 65
2000: 60

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Scotland, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2019: 1.2820
2018: 1.48
2017: 1.45
2016: 1.46
2015: 1.16
2014: 1.35
2013: 1.71
2012: 1.91
2011: 1.96
2010: 1.94
2009: 1.95
2008: 2.16
2007: 2.71
2006: 3.66
2005: 2.37
2004: 3.86
2003: 3.20
2001: 2.67
2000: 2.47

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Scotland, annual female homicides by any means total

2019: 820
2018: 12
2017: 13
2016: 13
2015: 11
2014: 16
2013: 9
2012: 8
2011: 13
2010: 18
2009: 17
2008: 26
2007: 15
2006: 12
2005: 11
2004: 17
2003: 15
2001: 16
2000: 22

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Scotland, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2019: 0.2920
2018: 0.43
2017: 0.47
2016: 0.47
2015: 0.40
2014: 0.58
2013: 0.33
2012: 0.29
2011: 0.48
2010: 0.67
2009: 0.63
2008: 0.97
2007: 0.56
2006: 0.45
2005: 0.42
2004: 0.65
2003: 0.57
2001: 0.61
2000: 0.84

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Scotland, annual firearm homicides total

2019: 120
2018: 2
2017: 1
2016: 139
2015: 1
2014: 020
2013: 2
2012: 1
2011: 3
2010: 3
2009: 124 40
2008: 125 40
2007: 2
2006: 8
2005: 5
2004: 3
2003: 1
2002: 328 40
2001: 529 41
2000: 430 41
1999: 731 41
1998: 832
1997: 533
1996: 2634

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Scotland, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2019: 0.0220
2018: 0.04
2017: 0.02
2016: 0.02
2015: 0
2014: 020
2013: 0.04
2012: 0.02
2011: 0.06
2010: 0.06
2009: 0.02
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.04
2006: 0.16
2005: 0.10
2004: 0.06
2003: 0.02
2002: 0.0628
2001: 0.10
2000: 0.08
1999: 0.1431
1998: 0.1632
1997: 0.1033
1996: 0.5134
1994: 0.1942

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Scotland, annual male firearm homicides total

2019: 120
2018: 2
2017: 1
2016: 1
2015: 020
2014: 0
2013: 2
2012: 1
2011: 3
2010: 2
2009: 1
2008: 1
2007: 2
2006: 8
2005: 5
2004: 3
2003: 1
2001: 5
2000: 4

Rate of Male Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Scotland, the annual rate of male firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2019: 0.0420
2018: 0.08
2017: 0.04
2016: 0.04
2015: 0
2014: 0
2013: 0.08
2012: 0.04
2011: 0.12
2010: 0.08
2009: 0.04
2008: 0.04
2007: 0.08
2006: 0.33
2005: 0.20
2004: 0.12
2003: 0.04
2001: 0.21
2000: 0.16

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Scotland, annual female firearm homicides total

2015: 020
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 1
2010: 120

Rate of Female Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Scotland, the annual rate of female firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2019: 020
2018: 0
2017: 0
2016: 0
2015: 0
2014: 0
2013: 039
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0.04
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 0
2004: 0
2003: 0
2001: 0
2000: 0

Disarmament

Surrendered in Gun Amnesty

In Scotland, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered in recent arms amnesty and collection programmes is reported to be 3,39389 (2003)

Small Arms Destroyed

In Scotland, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be 80090 (2008)

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Scotland, it is state policy91 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

Global Peace Index

To see where Scotland ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index, and then click on Scotland on the map or in the "Select Country" menu on the right of the web page


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