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Saudi Arabia — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Saudi Arabia is

2017: 5,468,0001
2007: 6,000,0002

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Saudi Arabia is

2017: 16.701
2007: 35.02

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Saudi Arabia ranked at No. 163

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Saudi Arabia ranked at No. 72

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Saudi Arabia are reported to have 481,3504 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Saudi Arabia are reported to have 214,0005 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Saudi Arabia, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2012: 926
2009: 827

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Saudi Arabia, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.316
2009: 0.30

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Saudi Arabia, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2012: 856
2009: 76

Rate of Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Saudi Arabia, the annual rate of male gun death per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.516
2009: 0.50

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Saudi Arabia, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2012: 76
2009: 6

Rate of Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Saudi Arabia, the annual rate of female gun death per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.056
2009: 0.05

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Saudi Arabia, annual homicides by any means total

2015: 4728
2007: 2659
2006: 255
2005: 297
2004: 301
2003: 250
2002: 2859 10
2001: 229
2000: 1739 11
1999: 184
1998: 9211

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Saudi Arabia, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 1.508
2012: 0.316
2009: 0.30
2008: 2.79
2007: 1.05
2006: 1.09
2005: 1.29 12
2004: 1.3
2003: 1.1
2002: 1.3
2001: 1.1
2000: 0.9
1999: 0.9
1998: 0.4712
1997: 0.82
1995: 0.83

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

In Saudi Arabia, annual male homicides by any means total

2015: 31613

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

In Saudi Arabia, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 1.7613

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

In Saudi Arabia, annual female homicides by any means total

2015: 15713

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

In Saudi Arabia, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 1.1513

Gun Homicides

In Saudi Arabia, annual firearm homicides total

2012: 06

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Saudi Arabia, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2012: 06
2009: 0.07

Male Gun Homicide Victims

In Saudi Arabia, annual male firearm homicides total

2012: 06

Female Gun Homicide Victims

In Saudi Arabia, annual female firearm homicides total

2012: 06

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Saudi Arabia, annual suicides by any means total

2012: 766
2009: 59

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Saudi Arabia, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.266
2009: 0.22

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Saudi Arabia, annual male suicides by any means total

2012: 596
2009: 49

Rate of Male Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Saudi Arabia, the annual rate of male suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.466
2009: 0.41

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Saudi Arabia, annual female suicides by any means total

2012: 176
2009: 10

Rate of Female Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Saudi Arabia, the annual rate of female suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.136
2009: 0.08

Gun Suicides

In Saudi Arabia, annual firearm suicides total

2012: 06

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Saudi Arabia, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2012: 06
2009: 0.07

Male Gun Suicide Victims

In Saudi Arabia, annual male firearm suicides total

2012: 06

Female Gun Suicide Victims

In Saudi Arabia, annual female firearm suicides total

2012: 06

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Saudi Arabia, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2012: 926
2009: 827

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Saudi Arabia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.316
2009: 0.30

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Saudi Arabia, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2012: 856
2009: 76

Rate of Unintentional Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Saudi Arabia, the annual rate of unintentional male shooting death per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.666
2009: 0.64

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Saudi Arabia, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2012: 76
2009: 6

Rate of Unintentional Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Saudi Arabia, the annual rate of unintentional female shooting death per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.056
2009: 0.05

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

In Saudi Arabia, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2012: 06

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

In Saudi Arabia, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2012: 06

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

In Saudi Arabia, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2012: 06

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Saudi Arabia, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence14

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, Saudi Arabia was ranked 'small'15

Home-made Guns

In Saudi Arabia, the prevalence of illicit craft, or 'home-made' firearm manufacture is reported to be moderate16

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Saudi Arabia, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law17

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Saudi Arabia is reported by Customs to be US$58,92818 (2011)

Firearm Imports

In Saudi Arabia, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law17

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Saudi Arabia is reported by Customs to be US$

2016: 333,000,00019

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Saudi Arabia is moderate20 21

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Saudi Arabia, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law22

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Saudi Arabia do not include17 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

ChartIn its annual Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer, the Small Arms Survey compares public reporting among major arms exporting nations on a scale from strong to weak (25 to zero). In recent years, Saudi Arabia scored

2019: 0.5023
2018: 0.5024
2016: 0.0025
2014: 0.0026
2013: 0.0027
2012: 2.7528
2011: 3.2529
2010: 7.2530
2009: 8.7531
2008: 7.2532
2007: 7.5033
2006: 5.5034
2005: 5.5035
2004: 8.5036

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

Law Regulates Civilian Access to Firearms

In Saudi Arabia, civilian possession of guns is regulated by law37

Right to Possess Firearms

In Saudi Arabia, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law38 39

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

Law Regulates Automatic Weapons

In Saudi Arabia, civilian possession of automatic weapons is regulated by law37

Law Regulates Handguns

In Saudi Arabia, civilian possession of handguns is regulated by law37

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Saudi Arabia, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law37

Gun Ownership and Possession

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Saudi Arabia must pass a background check which considers undefined37 records

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Saudi Arabia, the law requires40 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Saudi Arabia, licensed gun makers are required14 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Saudi Arabia, State agencies are required41 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Saudi Arabia include41 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Saudi Arabia, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law37

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

League of Arab States

As a member of the League of Arab States, Saudi Arabia adopted the Arab Model Law on Weapons, Ammunitions, Explosives and Hazardous Material in January 200242

United Nations Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice

The UNCCPCJ, a subsidiary body of the Economic and Social Council mandated to promote action to prevent national and transnational crime, lists43 Saudi Arabia as an elected member

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was not signed44 by Saudi Arabia.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has not been signed45 by Saudi Arabia

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified46 by Saudi Arabia

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Saudi Arabia committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects47

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Saudi Arabia against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 12048 49 50 51 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Saudi Arabia has submitted one or more national reports52 53 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Saudi Arabia, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has not been designated54 53

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Saudi Arabia, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has not been designated54 53

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Saudi Arabia submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was not apparent54 53

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated53 by Saudi Arabia to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Saudi Arabia has not declared55 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Saudi Arabia has been a Member State of the United Nations since 194556

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list57 Saudi Arabia as a Participating State

BackgroundSustainable Development Goal Profile

About SDG 16

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are 17 goals set by the United Nations to be implemented by all member states by 2030. Adopted in 2015, they outline a vision of development in which peace and security are an integral part. SDG 16,58 which seeks to “promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development,” includes targets and indicators focused on reducing violence (Target 16.1) and the proliferation of illicit arms (Target 16.4). The indicators – or measurement criteria – of these targets include the number of victims of intentional homicide (Indicator 16.1.1), the number of conflict-related deaths (Indicator 16.1.2), and the number of illicit firearms collected and traced (Indicator 16.4.2). In light of these targets and indicators, GunPolicy.org provides granular national data pertaining to homicides, gun homicides, conflict deaths, disarmament efforts, and marking and tracing.

Conflict Deaths

For a profile of conflict in Saudi Arabia, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Disarmament

Authorities in Saudi Arabia are known to have20 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

In Saudi Arabia, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2017: 13,72359

Small Arms Destroyed

In Saudi Arabia, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2016: 13,72360

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Saudi Arabia, it is state policy41 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

Marking and Tracing

Firearm Marking

In Saudi Arabia, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law14 40 53

Firearm Tracing

In Saudi Arabia, state authorities carry out61 53 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Global Peace Index

To see where Saudi Arabia ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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