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Armed violence prevention, gun control laws and the small arms trade:

San Marino — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in San Marino is

2017: 5,0001

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in San Marino is

2017: 14.401

Government Guns

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in San Marino are reported to have 3002 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn San Marino, annual homicides by any means total

2011: 03
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn San Marino, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.74
2011: 03
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn San Marino, annual male homicides by any means total

2011: 05
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn San Marino, annual female homicides by any means total

2011: 05
2010: 0

Gun Suicides

ChartIn San Marino, annual firearm suicides total

1999: 16
1997: 4
1995: 1

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn San Marino, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

1999: 3.766
1997: 15.43
1995: 3.99

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from San Marino is reported by Customs to be US$3,9647 (2011)

Firearm Imports

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to San Marino is reported by Customs to be US$5,3517 (2011)

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

Law Regulates Civilian Access to Firearms

In San Marino, civilian possession of guns is regulated by law3

Right to Possess Firearms

In San Marino, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law8 9

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

Law Regulates Automatic Weapons

In San Marino, civilian possession of automatic weapons is regulated by law3

Law Regulates Handguns

In San Marino, civilian possession of handguns is regulated by law3

Law Regulates Long Guns

In San Marino, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law3

Gun Ownership and Possession

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in San Marino must pass a background check which considers undefined3 records

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In San Marino, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law3

MeasuresInternational Controls

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was not signed10 by San Marino.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified11 by San Marino

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has not been signed12 by San Marino

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, San Marino committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects13

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, San Marino has yet to submit a national report14 15 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In San Marino, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated16 15

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated15 by San Marino to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, San Marino has declared17 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, San Marino has been a Member State of the United Nations since 199218

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list19 San Marino as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in San Marino, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University


Short References

1.

Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Civilian Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Civilian-Held Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13434)Full Citation

2.

Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Law Enforcement Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Law Enforcement Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13435)Full Citation

3.

Butchart, Alexander, Christopher Mikton and Etienne Krug.2014.‘Country Profile: San Marino.’ Global Status Report on Violence Prevention 2014.Geneva:World Health Organisation (WHO), United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and United Nations Development Programme (UNDP),10 December. (Q9449)Full Citation

4.

UNODC.2014.‘Homicides in San Marino.’ Global Study on Homicide 2013: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC),10 April. (Q10333)Full Citation

5.

UNODC.2017.‘Intentional Homicide Victims by Sex.’ Crime and Drugs Data.Vienna:UNODC,19 May. (Q13356)Full Citation

6.

WHO.2014.‘Inter-country Comparison of Mortality for Selected Cause of Death - Gun Suicide in San Marino.’ European Detailed Mortality Database (DMDB).Copenhagen:World Health Organisation Regional Office for Europe,2 July. (Q6163)Full Citation

7.

Marsh, Nicholas.2014.‘Database of Authorised Transfers of Small Arms and Light Weapons.’ NISAT Small Arms Trade Database.Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers,22 December. (Q16)Full Citation

8.

Sherman, Amy and Tom Ginsburg.2014.‘Gun Rights in National Constitutions.’ Marco Rubio Says Second Amendment Is Unique in Speech to NRA.Miami, FL:Miami Herald (PolitiFact Florida),29 April. (Q8507)Full Citation

9.

Zachary Elkins, Tom Ginsburg and James Melton. 2013. ‘U.S. Gun Rights Truly Are American Exceptionalism.’ Bloomberg (USA). 7 March. (N422) Full Citation

10.

GDAV.2006.‘Geneva Declaration.’ Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development.Geneva:Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development Secretariat,7 June. (Q7162)Full Citation

11.

UNODA.2013.‘Towards Entry Into Force.’ Arms Trade Treaty.New York, NY:United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,2 April. (Q7226)Full Citation

12.

UNGA.2001.‘United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition.’ UN General Assembly Resolution 55/255.New York, NY:UN General Assembly,31 May. (Q17)Full Citation

13.

UNGA.2001.‘Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects.’ United Nations General Assembly.New York, NY:UN General Assembly,20 July. (Q18)Full Citation

14.

Cattaneo, Silvia and Sarah Parker.2008.‘Reporting, NPCs and NCAs, 2002 to 2008.’ Implementing the United Nations Programme of Action on Small Arms and Light Weapons: Analysis of the National Reports submitted by States from 2002 to 2008.Geneva:United Nations Development Programme,1 November. (Q20)Full Citation

15.

UNODA.2018.‘PoA-ISS Country Profiles.’ UN small arms Programme of Action (UNPoA) - Implementation Support System.New York, NY:United Nations Office of Disarmament Affairs,23 July. (Q1309)Full Citation

16.

IANSA.2006.‘Reviewing Action on Small Arms 2006: Assessing the first five years of the UN Programme of Action.’ Biting the Bullet 'Red Book' 2006.New York, NY:International Action Network on Small Arms and the Biting the Bullet project,26 June. (Q166)Full Citation

17.

UNODA.2011.‘National Reports on Small Arms Exports.’ United Nations Register of Conventional Arms - The Global Reported Arms Trade.New York, NY:United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,21 October. (Q14)Full Citation

18.

UN.2013.‘Member States of the United Nations.’ UN.org Web Site.New York, NY:United Nations General Assembly,7 April. (Q290)Full Citation

19.

Wassenaar Arrangement.1996.‘Introduction: Participating States.’ Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies.Vienna:Wassenaar Secretariat,12 July. (Q19)Full Citation