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Romania — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Romania is

2017: 506,0001
2007: 160,0002

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Romania is

2017: 2.601
2007: 0.72

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

In Romania, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be 6,3793

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

In Romania, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be 54,4223

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

In Romania, the number of handguns in civilian possession is reported to be 6,5873

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Romania ranked at No. 1234

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Romania ranked at No. 1602

Proportion of Adults Living in a Home With a Gun

In Romania, the percentage of adults living in a household with a firearm is reported to be

2015: 2%5

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

The number of licensed gun owners in Romania is reported to be 61,2383

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

The rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in Romania is 0.276

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Romania is reported to be

2017: 210,0001
2007: 61,2382

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

The rate of registered guns per 100 people in Romania is 0.286

Estimated Number of Illicit Firearms

ChartUnlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Romania there are estimated to be

2017: 296,0001
2006: 40,0007

Estimated Rate of Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Romania the rate of illicit firearms per 100 people is estimated to be 0.186

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Romania are reported to have 240,1808 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Romania are reported to have 251,0009 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Romania, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2015: 2510
2014: 3011 12 13 14
2013: 25
2012: 3411 12 13 14 15
2011: 3211 12 13 14
2010: 4216
2009: 3711 12 13 14
2008: 34
2007: 35
2006: 48
2005: 57
2004: 51
2003: 62
2002: 67
2001: 59
2000: 76
1999: 73

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Romania, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.1210
2014: 0.14
2013: 0.11
2012: 0.16
2011: 0.15
2010: 0.19
2009: 0.176
2008: 0.15
2007: 0.16
2006: 0.22
2005: 0.26
2004: 0.23
2003: 0.28
2002: 0.30
2001: 0.26
2000: 0.34
1999: 0.32

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Romania, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2015: 2210
2014: 28
2013: 21
2012: 28
2011: 26
2010: 40

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Romania, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2015: 310
2014: 2
2013: 4
2012: 6
2011: 6
2010: 2

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Romania, annual homicides by any means total

2015: 30110
2014: 360
2013: 368
2012: 437
2011: 421
2010: 514
2009: 397
2008: 470
2007: 416
2006: 438
2005: 457
2004: 516
2003: 551
2002: 563
2001: 597
2000: 560
1999: 56617
1998: 561
1997: 693
1996: 722
1995: 758

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Romania, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.1210
2014: 0.14
2013: 0.11
2012: 0.16
2011: 0.15
2010: 0.19
2009: 1.8
2008: 2.118 17 19
2007: 1.9
2006: 2.0
2005: 2.1
2004: 2.3
2003: 2.5
2002: 2.5
2001: 2.7
2000: 2.5
1999: 2.517 19
1998: 2.5
1997: 3.1
1996: 3.2
1995: 3.3

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Romania, annual male homicides by any means total

2015: 19610
2014: 241
2013: 244
2012: 291
2011: 272
2010: 345

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Romania, annual female homicides by any means total

2015: 10510
2014: 119
2013: 124
2012: 146
2011: 149
2010: 169

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Romania, annual firearm homicides total

2015: 410
2014: 511
2013: 5
2012: 10
2011: 11
2010: 9
2009: 1211 18 17
2008: 6
2007: 11
2006: 11
2005: 16
2004: 1911 17
2003: 17
2002: 2311
2001: 17
2000: 22
1999: 19

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Romania, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.0210
2014: 0.02
2013: 0.02
2012: 0.05
2011: 0.05
2010: 0.04
2009: 0.0611 6 17
2008: 0.03
2007: 0.05
2006: 0.05
2005: 0.07
2004: 0.0911 17
2003: 0.08
2002: 0.1111
2001: 0.08
2000: 0.1
1999: 0.08

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Romania, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2012: 2%18
2011: 3%18 20
2010: 1%18
2009: 1%
2008: 1%
2007: 2%
2006: 2%
2005: 2%
2004: 0.5%17
2003: 1.2%

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Romania, annual male firearm homicides total

2015: 410
2014: 4
2013: 4
2012: 5
2011: 8
2010: 7

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Romania, annual female firearm homicides total

2015: 110
2014: 1
2013: 1
2012: 5
2011: 3
2010: 2

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn Romania, annual handgun homicides total

2014: 111
2013: 1
2012: 3
2011: 4
2010: 1
2009: 2
2008: 1
2007: 3
2006: 4
2005: 3
2004: 6
2003: 6
2002: 7
2001: 6
2000: 7
1999: 7

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Romania, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0011
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.01
2011: 0.02
2010: 0.00
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.02
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.03
2003: 0.03
2002: 0.03
2001: 0.03
2000: 0.03
1999: 0.03

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn Romania, annual long gun homicides total

2014: 111
2013: 2
2011: 1
2009: 3
2008: 1
2006: 1
2005: 2
2004: 5
2002: 2
2000: 1
1999: 2

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Romania, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0011
2013: 0.01
2011: 0.00
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.02
2002: 0.01
2000: 0.00
1999: 0.01

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn Romania, annual gun homicides (other) total

2014: 311
2013: 2
2012: 7
2011: 6
2010: 8
2009: 7
2008: 4
2007: 8
2006: 6
2005: 11
2004: 8
2003: 11
2002: 14
2001: 11
2000: 14
1999: 10

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Romania, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0111
2013: 0.01
2012: 0.03
2011: 0.03
2010: 0.04
2009: 0.03
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.04
2006: 0.03
2005: 0.05
2004: 0.04
2003: 0.05
2002: 0.06
2001: 0.05
2000: 0.06
1999: 0.04

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Romania, annual suicides by any means total

2015: 2,22110
2014: 2,208
2013: 2,420
2012: 2,495
2011: 2,536
2010: 2,766
1999: 2,73621

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Romania, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 10.2510
2014: 10.16
2013: 11.11
2012: 11.42
2011: 11.58
2010: 12.60
1999: 12.2521

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Romania, annual male suicides by any means total

2015: 1,87910
2014: 1,886
2013: 2,054
2012: 2,142
2011: 2,142
2010: 2,304

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Romania, annual female suicides by any means total

2015: 34210
2014: 322
2013: 366
2012: 353
2011: 394
2010: 462

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Romania, annual firearm suicides total

2015: 1210
2014: 1112
2013: 9
2012: 1412 15
2011: 1212
2010: 12
2009: 9
2008: 17
2007: 11
2006: 18
2005: 22
2004: 17
2003: 24
2002: 26
2001: 21
2000: 30
1999: 24

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Romania, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.0610
2014: 0.05
2013: 0.04
2012: 0.06
2011: 0.05
2010: 0.05
2009: 0.04
2008: 0.08
2007: 0.05
2006: 0.08
2005: 0.1
2004: 0.08
2003: 0.11
2002: 0.12
2001: 0.09
2000: 0.13
1999: 0.11

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Romania, annual male firearm suicides total

2015: 1010
2014: 11
2013: 7
2012: 13
2011: 11
2010: 12

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Romania, annual female firearm suicides total

2015: 210
2014: 0
2013: 2
2012: 1
2011: 1
2010: 0

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn Romania, annual handgun suicides total

2014: 212
2013: 1
2012: 3
2011: 5
2010: 2
2009: 2
2008: 5
2007: 4
2006: 2
2005: 2
2004: 4
2003: 9
2002: 9
2001: 6
2000: 5
1999: 7

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Romania, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0112
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.01
2011: 0.02
2010: 0.01
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.02
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.02
2003: 0.04
2002: 0.04
2001: 0.03
2000: 0.02
1999: 0.03

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn Romania, the number of long gun suicides is

2014: 212
2013: 1
2012: 1
2011: 1
2010: 2
2008: 1
2007: 2
2006: 4
2005: 2
2004: 6
2003: 1
2002: 4
2001: 4
2000: 9
1999: 3

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Romania, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0112
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.01
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.02
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.03
2003: 0.00
2002: 0.02
2001: 0.02
2000: 0.04
1999: 0.01

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn Romania, annual gun suicides (other) total

2014: 712
2013: 7
2012: 10
2011: 6
2010: 8
2009: 7
2008: 11
2007: 5
2006: 12
2005: 18
2004: 7
2003: 14
2002: 13
2001: 11
2000: 16
1999: 14

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Romania, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0312
2013: 0.03
2012: 0.05
2011: 0.03
2010: 0.04
2009: 0.03
2008: 0.05
2007: 0.02
2006: 0.06
2005: 0.08
2004: 0.03
2003: 0.06
2002: 0.06
2001: 0.05
2000: 0.07
1999: 0.06

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Romania, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2015: 810
2014: 1313
2013: 9
2012: 813 15
2011: 813
2010: 20
2009: 12
2008: 9
2007: 10
2006: 12
2005: 15
2004: 12
2003: 18
2002: 17
2001: 20
2000: 20
1999: 26

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Romania, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2015: 010
2014: 0
2013: 0.01
2012: 0.01
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0.06
2008: 0.04
2007: 0.05
2006: 0.06
2005: 0.07
2004: 0.06
2003: 0.08
2002: 0.08
2001: 0.09
2000: 0.09
1999: 0.12

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Romania, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2015: 810
2014: 12
2013: 8
2012: 8
2011: 6
2010: 20

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Romania, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2015: 010
2014: 1
2013: 1
2012: 0
2011: 2
2010: 0

Unintentional Handgun Deaths

ChartIn Romania, annual unintentional shooting deaths by handgun total

2014: 113
2012: 1
2010: 1
2007: 1
2002: 1
2000: 1
1999: 4

Rate of Unintentional Handgun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Romania, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by handgun per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0013
2012: 0.00
2010: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2002: 0.00
2000: 0.00
1999: 0.02

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn Romania, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2014: 213
2013: 2
2012: 2
2011: 1
2010: 5
2009: 1
2008: 3
2007: 2
2006: 1
2004: 2
2003: 4
2002: 4
2001: 1
2000: 2
1999: 1

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Romania, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0113
2013: 0.01
2012: 0.01
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.02
2009: 0.00
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.00
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.02
2002: 0.02
2001: 0.00
2000: 0.01
1999: 0.00

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn Romania, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2014: 1013
2013: 7
2012: 5
2011: 7
2010: 14
2009: 11
2008: 6
2007: 7
2006: 11
2005: 15
2004: 10
2003: 14
2002: 12
2001: 19
2000: 17
1999: 21

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Romania, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0413
2013: 0.03
2012: 0.02
2011: 0.03
2010: 0.07
2009: 0.05
2008: 0.03
2007: 0.03
2006: 0.05
2005: 0.07
2004: 0.05
2003: 0.06
2002: 0.06
2001: 0.08
2000: 0.08
1999: 0.09

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Romania, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2015: 110
2014: 114
2013: 2
2012: 214 15
2011: 114
2010: 1
2009: 4
2008: 2
2007: 3
2006: 7
2005: 4
2004: 3
2003: 3
2002: 1
2001: 1
2000: 4
1999: 4

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Romania, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0014
2013: 0.01
2012: 0.0114 6
2011: 0.0014
2010: 0.00
2009: 0.02
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.03
2005: 0.02
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.01
2002: 0.00
2001: 0.00
2000: 0.02
1999: 0.02

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Romania, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2015: 110
2014: 1
2013: 2
2012: 2
2011: 1
2010: 1

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Romania, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2015: 010
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Handgun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Romania, annual deaths by handgun in which the cause remains undecided total

2008: 114
2006: 3
2001: 1
1999: 1

Rate of Handgun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Romania, the annual rate of unknown-cause handgun deaths per 100,000 population is

2008: 0.0014
2006: 0.01
2001: 0.00
1999: 0.00

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Romania, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2013: 114
2010: 1
2007: 1
2006: 2
2005: 1
2004: 1
2002: 1
1999: 1

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Romania, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0014
2010: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.00
2004: 0.00
2002: 0.00
1999: 0.00

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Romania, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 114
2013: 1
2012: 2
2011: 1
2009: 4
2008: 1
2007: 2
2006: 2
2005: 3
2004: 2
2003: 3
2000: 4
1999: 2

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Romania, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0014
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.01
2011: 0.00
2009: 0.02
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.01
2000: 0.02
1999: 0.01

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Romania, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only with government authorisation22 23 24 25 26

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, Romania was ranked 'medium'27

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Romania, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law22 28 29 23 24 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Romania is reported by Customs to be US$12,458,45239 (2011)40 41

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Romania was categorized as 'major'42 43 44

Firearm Imports

In Romania, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law22 28 29 23 24 30 31 32 34 35 36 37

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Romania is reported by Customs to be US$8,364,50239 (2011)

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Romania is low3

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Romania, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law32 45 46 47

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Romania include30 48 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

ChartIn its annual Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer, the Small Arms Survey compares public reporting among major arms exporting nations on a scale from strong to weak (25 to zero). In recent years, Romania scored

2018: 18.0049
2016: 17.5050
2014: 19.0051
2013: 19.7552
2012: 19.0053
2011: 18.0054
2010: 16.5055
2009: 16.5056
2008: 15.2557
2007: 6.7558
2006: 6.2559
2005: 2.0060
2004: 4.0061

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Romania is categorised as restrictive62

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Romania includes the Law on Firearms and Ammunition Regime No. 17 of 2 April 1996,63 the Law on the Regime of the Monopoly of State No. 31 of 1996,25 26 the Law No. 295 on the Regime of Arms and Ammunitions of 2004,64 65 26 the Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on the Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons,66 67 the European Union Firearms Regulation of 2012 and the Common Position on the Control of Arms Brokering of 200368

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Romania are regulated by the Ministry of the Interior,69 70 23 and the European Commission67

Right to Possess Firearms

In Romania, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law71 72

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Romania, civilians are not allowed to possess automatic firearms, firearms disguised as other objects, and armour-piercing, incendiary and expanding ammunition73 74

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Romania, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited, with only narrow exemptions for persons exercising 'public authority'75 76 77 73 74 20

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Romania, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is prohibited, with only narrow exemptions for persons exercising 'public authority'75 76 78 79 74

Regulation of Handguns

In Romania, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is prohibited with only narrow exemptions for persons exercising 'public authority'75 76 73 78 79 74 20

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Romania, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law20

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Romania, only licensed gun owners75 76 80 81 82 83 84 73 78 20 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Romania are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting, target shooting, self-defence, collection76 75 81 85 86 87

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Romania is 18 years88 87

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Romania must pass a background check which considers criminal and mental health88 87 20 records

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Romania, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every three years83

Licensing Records

In Romania, authorities maintain a record70 89 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Romania are permitted to possess 2 weapons of the same calibre, and only firearms specified on the firearms licence70 81 82

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Romania are permitted to possess ammunition appropriate for up to two weapons, and only the type and in quantities appropriate to the firearms specified on the licence70 81 82 90 91

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Romania, the law requires92 93 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Romania, licensed firearm dealers are required24 89 29 93 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Romania, licensed gun makers are required94 26 92 95 96 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Romania, State agencies are required97 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Romania, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited unless conducted by licensed units and registered by the Police89 24

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Romania, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful24 98 89 29 99 79

Limit on Gun Dealer Sales

In Romania, the number and type of firearms which can be sold by a licensed gun dealer to a single gun owner is limited to two weapons of the same calibre, firearms specified on the firearms licence, and ammunition of type and quantity appropriate to the licensed weapon70 81 82

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Romania include80 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Romania include97 100 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Romania include101 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Romania, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law94 102 92 26 103 104

Firearm Tracing

In Romania, state authorities carry out105 95 96 104 93 106 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Romania, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit75 70 81 82 20

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Romania, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit75 70 81 20

Gun Free Zones

In Romania, private guns are prohibited in public gatherings107

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn Romania, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2013: 2,243108 109
2012: 86109
2011: 84
2010: 99

Small Arms Destroyed

In Romania, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2003: 195,510110

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Romania, it is not state policy97 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

European Union

As a member of the European Union, Romania is bound by the provisions of the ‘EU Firearms Directive’ – the 2007 Legislative Resolution on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons of the European Parliament111 112

European Union Export Reporting

Under the European Union Common Position on Arms Exports, Romania is bound to declare its transfers of military technology and equipment. Independent monitoring provides detailed comparisons of arms export reporting compliance across EU member states, and records that Romania has submitted one or more national reports113 on its arms transfers

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 2008114 by Romania.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified115 by Romania

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified116 by Romania

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Romania committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects117

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Romania against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 19118 119 120 121 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Romania has submitted one or more national reports122 123 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Romania, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated124 123

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Romania, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated124

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Romania submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent123

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been donated123 by Romania to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided123 to Romania by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Romania has declared125 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Romania has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1955126

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies lists127 Romania as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Romania, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Romania ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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