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Romania — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Romania is

2017: 506,0001
2007: 160,0002

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Romania is

2017: 2.601
2007: 0.72

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

In Romania, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be 6,3793

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

In Romania, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be 54,4223

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

In Romania, the number of handguns in civilian possession is reported to be 6,5873

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Romania ranked at No. 1234

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Romania ranked at No. 1602

Proportion of Adults Living in a Home With a Gun

In Romania, the percentage of adults living in a household with a firearm is reported to be

2015: 2%5

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

The number of licensed gun owners in Romania is reported to be

1999: 61,2383

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

The rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in Romania is

1999: 0.276

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Romania is reported to be

2017: 210,0001
2007: 61,2382

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

The rate of registered guns per 100 people in Romania is

2007: 0.286

Estimated Number of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms

ChartUnregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,7 but in Romania there are estimated to be

2017: 296,0001
2006: 40,0008

Estimated Rate of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

Unregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,7 but in Romania the rate of such firearms per 100 people is estimated to be

2006: 0.186

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Romania are reported to have 240,1809 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Romania are reported to have 251,00010 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Romania, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2016: 2711
2015: 28
2014: 31
2013: 26
2012: 35
2011: 3212 13 14 15
2010: 43
2009: 3712 13 14 15
2008: 34
2007: 36
2006: 48
2005: 57
2004: 51
2003: 62
2002: 67
2001: 59
2000: 76
1999: 73

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Romania, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.1311
2015: 0.13
2014: 0.14
2013: 0.12
2012: 0.16
2011: 0.15
2010: 0.20
2009: 0.17
2008: 0.15
2007: 0.16
2006: 0.22
2005: 0.26
2004: 0.23
2003: 0.28
2002: 0.30
2001: 0.26
2000: 0.34
1999: 0.32

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Romania, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2016: 2611
2015: 25
2014: 29
2013: 22
2012: 29
2011: 26
2010: 41
2009: 35
2008: 30
2007: 32

Rate of Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Romania, the annual rate of male gun death per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.2511
2015: 0.24
2014: 0.27
2013: 0.21
2012: 0.27
2011: 0.24
2010: 0.38
2009: 0.33
2008: 0.28
2007: 0.30

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Romania, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2016: 111
2015: 311
2014: 2
2013: 4
2012: 6
2011: 6
2010: 2
2009: 2
2008: 4
2007: 4

Rate of Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Romania, the annual rate of female gun death per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.0111
2015: 0.03
2014: 0.02
2013: 0.04
2012: 0.05
2011: 0.05
2010: 0.02
2009: 0.02
2008: 0.04
2007: 0.04

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Romania, annual homicides by any means total

2016: 30311
2015: 301
2014: 363
2013: 368
2012: 437
2011: 421
2010: 514
2009: 504
2008: 527
2007: 447
2006: 438
2005: 457
2004: 516
2003: 551
2002: 563
2001: 597
2000: 560
1999: 56616
1998: 561
1997: 693
1996: 722
1995: 758

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Romania, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 1.4011
2015: 1.39
2014: 1.67
2013: 1.69
2012: 2
2011: 1.92
2010: 2.34
2009: 2.29
2008: 2.39
2007: 2.02
2006: 2.0
2005: 2.1
2004: 2.3
2003: 2.5
2002: 2.5
2001: 2.7
2000: 2.5
1999: 2.516 17
1998: 2.5
1997: 3.1
1996: 3.2
1995: 3.3

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Romania, annual male homicides by any means total

2016: 20911
2015: 196
2014: 243
2013: 246
2012: 291
2011: 272
2010: 345
2009: 336
2008: 352
2007: 301

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Romania, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 1.9911
2015: 1.86
2014: 2.30
2013: 2.32
2012: 2.74
2011: 2.55
2010: 3.23
2009: 3.13
2008: 3.27
2007: 2.79

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Romania, annual female homicides by any means total

2016: 9411
2015: 105
2014: 120
2013: 122
2012: 146
2011: 149
2010: 169
2009: 168
2008: 175
2007: 146

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Romania, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.8511
2015: 0.94
2014: 1.08
2013: 1.09
2012: 1.30
2011: 1.33
2010: 1.50
2009: 1.49
2008: 1.55
2007: 1.29

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Romania, annual firearm homicides total

2016: 711
2015: 411
2014: 512
2013: 5
2012: 10
2011: 11
2010: 9
2009: 1212 18 16
2008: 6
2007: 11
2006: 11
2005: 16
2004: 1912 16
2003: 17
2002: 2312
2001: 17
2000: 22
1999: 19

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Romania, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.0311
2015: 0.02
2014: 0.02
2013: 0.02
2012: 0.05
2011: 0.05
2010: 0.04
2009: 0.05
2008: 0.03
2007: 0.05
2006: 0.05
2005: 0.07
2004: 0.0912 16
2003: 0.08
2002: 0.1112
2001: 0.08
2000: 0.1
1999: 0.08

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Romania, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2012: 2%18
2011: 3%18 19
2010: 1%18
2009: 1%
2008: 1%
2007: 2%
2006: 2%
2005: 2%
2004: 0.5%16
2003: 1.2%

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Romania, annual male firearm homicides total

2016: 611
2015: 3
2014: 4
2013: 4
2012: 5
2011: 8
2010: 7
2009: 11
2008: 5
2007: 8

Rate of Male Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Romania, the annual rate of male firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.0611
2015: 0.03
2014: 0.04
2013: 0.04
2012: 0.05
2011: 0.08
2010: 0.07
2009: 0.10
2008: 0.05
2007: 0.07

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Romania, annual female firearm homicides total

2016: 111
2015: 111
2014: 1
2013: 1
2012: 5
2011: 3
2010: 2
2009: 1
2008: 1
2007: 3

Rate of Female Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Romania, the annual rate of female firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.0111
2015: 0.01
2014: 0.01
2013: 0.01
2012: 0.04
2011: 0.03
2010: 0.02
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.03

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn Romania, annual handgun homicides total

2014: 112
2013: 1
2012: 3
2011: 4
2010: 1
2009: 2
2008: 1
2007: 3
2006: 4
2005: 3
2004: 6
2003: 6
2002: 7
2001: 6
2000: 7
1999: 7

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Romania, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0012
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.01
2011: 0.02
2010: 0.00
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.02
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.03
2003: 0.03
2002: 0.03
2001: 0.03
2000: 0.03
1999: 0.03

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn Romania, annual long gun homicides total

2014: 112
2013: 2
2011: 1
2009: 3
2008: 1
2006: 1
2005: 2
2004: 5
2002: 2
2000: 1
1999: 2

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Romania, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0012
2013: 0.01
2011: 0.00
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.02
2002: 0.01
2000: 0.00
1999: 0.01

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn Romania, annual gun homicides (other) total

2014: 312
2013: 2
2012: 7
2011: 6
2010: 8
2009: 7
2008: 4
2007: 8
2006: 6
2005: 11
2004: 8
2003: 11
2002: 14
2001: 11
2000: 14
1999: 10

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Romania, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0112
2013: 0.01
2012: 0.03
2011: 0.03
2010: 0.04
2009: 0.03
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.04
2006: 0.03
2005: 0.05
2004: 0.04
2003: 0.05
2002: 0.06
2001: 0.05
2000: 0.06
1999: 0.04

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Romania, annual suicides by any means total

2016: 1,96911
2015: 2,228
2014: 2,209
2013: 2,407
2012: 2,495
2011: 2,536
2010: 2,766
2009: 2,586
2008: 2,472
2007: 2,430
1999: 2,73620

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Romania, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 9.1211
2015: 10.28
2014: 10.17
2013: 11.05
2012: 11.42
2011: 11.58
2010: 12.60
2009: 11.75
2008: 11.21
2007: 10.99
1999: 12.2520

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Romania, annual male suicides by any means total

2016: 1,65111
2015: 1,886
2014: 1,887
2013: 2,043
2012: 2,142
2011: 2,142
2010: 2,304
2009: 2,197
2008: 2,026
2007: 1,984

Rate of Male Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Romania, the annual rate of male suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 15.7111
2015: 17.89
2014: 17.84
2013: 19.26
2012: 20.14
2011: 20.08
2010: 21.54
2009: 20.49
2008: 18.85
2007: 18.42

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Romania, annual female suicides by any means total

2016: 31811
2015: 34211
2014: 322
2013: 364
2012: 353
2011: 394
2010: 462
2009: 389
2008: 446
2007: 446

Rate of Female Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Romania, the annual rate of female suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 2.8711
2015: 3.07
2014: 2.89
2013: 3.25
2012: 3.15
2011: 3.51
2010: 4.10
2009: 3.45
2008: 3.94
2007: 3.94

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Romania, annual firearm suicides total

2016: 1211
2015: 1211
2014: 1113
2013: 9
2012: 1413 21
2011: 1213
2010: 12
2009: 9
2008: 17
2007: 11
2006: 18
2005: 22
2004: 17
2003: 24
2002: 26
2001: 21
2000: 30
1999: 24

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Romania, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.0611
2015: 0.06
2014: 0.05
2013: 0.04
2012: 0.06
2011: 0.05
2010: 0.05
2009: 0.04
2008: 0.08
2007: 0.05
2006: 0.08
2005: 0.1
2004: 0.08
2003: 0.11
2002: 0.12
2001: 0.09
2000: 0.13
1999: 0.11

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Romania, annual male firearm suicides total

2016: 1211
2015: 1011
2014: 11
2013: 7
2012: 13
2011: 11
2010: 12
2009: 9
2008: 16
2007: 11

Rate of Male Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Romania, the annual rate of male firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.1111
2015: 0.09
2014: 0.10
2013: 0.07
2012: 0.12
2011: 0.10
2010: 0.11
2009: 0.08
2008: 0.15
2007: 0.10

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Romania, annual female firearm suicides total

2015: 211
2014: 0
2013: 2
2012: 1
2011: 1
2010: 0
2008: 1

Rate of Female Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Romania, the annual rate of female firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.0211
2013: 0.02
2012: 0.01
2011: 0.01
2008: 0.01

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn Romania, annual handgun suicides total

2014: 213
2013: 1
2012: 3
2011: 5
2010: 2
2009: 2
2008: 5
2007: 4
2006: 2
2005: 2
2004: 4
2003: 9
2002: 9
2001: 6
2000: 5
1999: 7

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Romania, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0113
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.01
2011: 0.02
2010: 0.01
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.02
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.02
2003: 0.04
2002: 0.04
2001: 0.03
2000: 0.02
1999: 0.03

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn Romania, the number of long gun suicides is

2014: 213
2013: 1
2012: 1
2011: 1
2010: 2
2008: 1
2007: 2
2006: 4
2005: 2
2004: 6
2003: 1
2002: 4
2001: 4
2000: 9
1999: 3

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Romania, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0113
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.01
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.02
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.03
2003: 0.00
2002: 0.02
2001: 0.02
2000: 0.04
1999: 0.01

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn Romania, annual gun suicides (other) total

2014: 713
2013: 7
2012: 10
2011: 6
2010: 8
2009: 7
2008: 11
2007: 5
2006: 12
2005: 18
2004: 7
2003: 14
2002: 13
2001: 11
2000: 16
1999: 14

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Romania, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0313
2013: 0.03
2012: 0.05
2011: 0.03
2010: 0.04
2009: 0.03
2008: 0.05
2007: 0.02
2006: 0.06
2005: 0.08
2004: 0.03
2003: 0.06
2002: 0.06
2001: 0.05
2000: 0.07
1999: 0.06

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Romania, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2016: 411
2015: 811
2014: 1314
2013: 9
2012: 814 21
2011: 814
2010: 20
2009: 12
2008: 9
2007: 10
2006: 12
2005: 15
2004: 12
2003: 18
2002: 17
2001: 20
2000: 20
1999: 26

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Romania, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.0211
2015: 0.04
2014: 0.06
2013: 0.04
2012: 0.04
2011: 0.04
2010: 0.09
2009: 0.05
2008: 0.04
2007: 0.05
2006: 0.06
2005: 0.07
2004: 0.06
2003: 0.08
2002: 0.08
2001: 0.09
2000: 0.09
1999: 0.12

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Romania, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2016: 411
2015: 811
2014: 12
2013: 8
2012: 8
2011: 6
2010: 20
2009: 11
2008: 7
2007: 9

Rate of Unintentional Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Romania, the annual rate of unintentional male shooting death per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.0411
2015: 0.08
2014: 0.11
2013: 0.08
2012: 0.08
2011: 0.06
2010: 0.19
2009: 0.10
2008: 0.07
2007: 0.08

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Romania, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2015: 011
2014: 1
2013: 1
2012: 0
2011: 2
2010: 0
2009: 1
2008: 2
2007: 1

Rate of Unintentional Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Romania, the annual rate of unintentional female shooting death per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0111
2013: 0.01
2011: 0.02
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.01

Unintentional Handgun Deaths

ChartIn Romania, annual unintentional shooting deaths by handgun total

2014: 114
2012: 1
2010: 1
2007: 1
2002: 1
2000: 1
1999: 4

Rate of Unintentional Handgun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Romania, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by handgun per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0014
2012: 0.00
2010: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2002: 0.00
2000: 0.00
1999: 0.02

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn Romania, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2014: 214
2013: 2
2012: 2
2011: 1
2010: 5
2009: 1
2008: 3
2007: 2
2006: 1
2004: 2
2003: 4
2002: 4
2001: 1
2000: 2
1999: 1

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Romania, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0114
2013: 0.01
2012: 0.01
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.02
2009: 0.00
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.00
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.02
2002: 0.02
2001: 0.00
2000: 0.01
1999: 0.00

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn Romania, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2014: 1014
2013: 7
2012: 5
2011: 7
2010: 14
2009: 11
2008: 6
2007: 7
2006: 11
2005: 15
2004: 10
2003: 14
2002: 12
2001: 19
2000: 17
1999: 21

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Romania, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0414
2013: 0.03
2012: 0.02
2011: 0.03
2010: 0.07
2009: 0.05
2008: 0.03
2007: 0.03
2006: 0.05
2005: 0.07
2004: 0.05
2003: 0.06
2002: 0.06
2001: 0.08
2000: 0.08
1999: 0.09

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Romania, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2016: 111
2015: 111
2014: 115
2013: 2
2012: 215 21
2011: 115
2010: 1
2009: 4
2008: 2
2007: 3
2006: 7
2005: 4
2004: 3
2003: 3
2002: 1
2001: 1
2000: 4
1999: 4

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Romania, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2016: 011
2015: 0
2014: 0
2013: 0.01
2012: 0.01
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0.02
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.03
2005: 0.02
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.01
2002: 0.00
2001: 0.00
2000: 0.02
1999: 0.02

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Romania, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2016: 111
2015: 111
2014: 1
2013: 2
2012: 2
2011: 1
2010: 1
2009: 4
2008: 2
2007: 3

Rate of Male Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Romania, the annual rate of unknown-cause male shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.0111
2015: 0.01
2014: 0.01
2013: 0.02
2012: 0.02
2011: 0.01
2010: 0.01
2009: 0.04
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.03

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Romania, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2015: 011
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Handgun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Romania, annual deaths by handgun in which the cause remains undecided total

2008: 115
2006: 3
2001: 1
1999: 1

Rate of Handgun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Romania, the annual rate of unknown-cause handgun deaths per 100,000 population is

2008: 0.0015
2006: 0.01
2001: 0.00
1999: 0.00

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Romania, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2013: 115
2010: 1
2007: 1
2006: 2
2005: 1
2004: 1
2002: 1
1999: 1

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Romania, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0015
2010: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.00
2004: 0.00
2002: 0.00
1999: 0.00

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Romania, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 115
2013: 1
2012: 2
2011: 1
2009: 4
2008: 1
2007: 2
2006: 2
2005: 3
2004: 2
2003: 3
2000: 4
1999: 2

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Romania, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0015
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.01
2011: 0.00
2009: 0.02
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.01
2000: 0.02
1999: 0.01

Legal Intervention Gun Homicides

ChartIn Romania, annual legal-intervention gun homicides total

2016: 311
2015: 3
2014: 1
2013: 1
2012: 1
2010: 1
2007: 1

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Romania, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only with government authorisation22 23 24 25 26 27

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, Romania was ranked 'medium'28

Home-made Guns

In Romania, the prevalence of illicit craft, or 'home-made' firearm manufacture is reported to be low29

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Romania, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law22 30 31 23 24 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41

Firearm Exports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms exported from Romania is reported by manufacturers to be

2018: 53,11042
2017: 37,167
2016: 35,405
2015: 61,362
2014: 23,53243
2010: 55,326
2009: 119,051
2008: 96,918
2007: 115,973

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Romania is reported by Customs to be US$12,458,45244 (2011)45 46

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Romania was categorized as 'major'47 48 49

Firearm Imports

In Romania, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law22 30 31 23 24 32 33 34 35 37 38 39 40

Firearm Imports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms imported to Romania is reported to be

2018: 5,26442
2017: 2,421
2016: 2,723
2015: 2,834
2014: 4,56843
2010: 9,085
2009: 42,908
2008: 7,822
2007: 7,994

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Romania is reported by Customs to be US$8,364,50244 (2011)

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Romania is low50

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Romania, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law35 51 52 53

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Romania include33 54 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

ChartIn its annual Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer, the Small Arms Survey compares public reporting among major arms exporting nations on a scale from strong to weak (25 to zero). In recent years, Romania scored

2018: 18.0055
2016: 17.5056
2014: 19.0057
2013: 19.7558
2012: 19.0059
2011: 18.0060
2010: 16.5061
2009: 16.5062
2008: 15.2563
2007: 6.7564
2006: 6.2565
2005: 2.0066
2004: 4.0067

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Romania is categorised as restrictive68

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Romania includes the Law on Firearms and Ammunition Regime No. 17 of 2 April 1996,69 the Law on the Regime of the Monopoly of State No. 31 of 1996,25 27 the Law No. 295 on the Regime of Arms and Ammunitions of 2004,70 71 27 the Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on the Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons,72 73 the European Union Firearms Regulation of 2012 and the Common Position on the Control of Arms Brokering of 200374

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Romania are regulated by the Ministry of the Interior,75 76 23 and the European Commission73

Right to Possess Firearms

In Romania, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law77 78

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Romania, civilians are not allowed to possess automatic firearms, firearms disguised as other objects, and armour-piercing, incendiary and expanding ammunition79 80

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Romania, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited, with only narrow exemptions for persons exercising 'public authority'81 82 83 79 80 19

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Romania, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is prohibited, with only narrow exemptions for persons exercising 'public authority'81 82 84 85 80

Regulation of Handguns

In Romania, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is prohibited with only narrow exemptions for persons exercising 'public authority'81 82 79 84 85 80 19

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Romania, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law19

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Romania, only licensed gun owners81 82 86 87 88 89 90 79 84 19 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Romania are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting, target shooting, self-defence, collection82 81 87 91 92 93

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Romania is 18 years94 93

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Romania must pass a background check which considers criminal and mental health94 93 19 records

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Romania, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every three years89

Licensing Records

In Romania, authorities maintain a record76 95 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Romania are permitted to possess 2 weapons of the same calibre, and only firearms specified on the firearms licence76 87 88

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Romania are permitted to possess ammunition appropriate for up to two weapons, and only the type and in quantities appropriate to the firearms specified on the licence76 87 88 96 97

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Romania, the law requires98 99 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Romania, licensed firearm dealers are required24 95 31 99 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Romania, licensed gun makers are required100 27 98 101 102 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Romania, State agencies are required103 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Romania, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited unless conducted by licensed units and registered by the Police95 24

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Romania, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful24 104 95 31 105 85

Limit on Gun Dealer Sales

In Romania, the number and type of firearms which can be sold by a licensed gun dealer to a single gun owner is limited to two weapons of the same calibre, firearms specified on the firearms licence, and ammunition of type and quantity appropriate to the licensed weapon76 87 88

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Romania include86 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Romania include103 106 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Romania include107 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Romania, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law100 108 98 27 109 110

Firearm Tracing

In Romania, state authorities carry out111 101 102 110 99 112 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Romania, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit81 76 87 88 19

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Romania, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit81 76 87 19

Gun Free Zones

In Romania, private guns are prohibited in public gatherings113

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn Romania, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2013: 2,243114 115
2012: 86115
2011: 84
2010: 99

Small Arms Destroyed

In Romania, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2003: 195,510116

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Romania, it is not state policy117 103 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

European Union

As a member of the European Union, Romania is bound by the provisions of the ‘EU Firearms Directive’ – the 2007 Legislative Resolution on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons of the European Parliament118 119

European Union Export Reporting

Under the European Union Common Position on Arms Exports, Romania is bound to declare its transfers of military technology and equipment. Independent monitoring provides detailed comparisons of arms export reporting compliance across EU member states, and records that Romania has submitted one or more national reports120 on its arms transfers

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 2008121 by Romania.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified122 by Romania

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified123 by Romania

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Romania committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects124

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Romania against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 19125 126 127 128 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Romania has submitted one or more national reports129 130 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Romania, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated131 130

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Romania, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated131

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Romania submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent130

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been donated130 by Romania to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided130 to Romania by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Romania has declared132 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Romania has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1955133

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies lists134 Romania as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Romania, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Romania ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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