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Romania — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Romania is

2017: 506,0001
2007: 160,0002

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Romania is

2017: 2.601
2007: 0.72

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

In Romania, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be 6,3793

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

In Romania, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be 54,4223

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

In Romania, the number of handguns in civilian possession is reported to be 6,5873

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Romania ranked at No. 1234

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Romania ranked at No. 1602

Proportion of Adults Living in a Home With a Gun

In Romania, the percentage of adults living in a household with a firearm is reported to be

2015: 2%5

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

The number of licensed gun owners in Romania is reported to be

1999: 61,2383

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

The rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in Romania is

1999: 0.276

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Romania is reported to be

2017: 210,0001
2007: 61,2382

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

The rate of registered guns per 100 people in Romania is

2007: 0.286

Estimated Number of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms

ChartUnregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,7 but in Romania there are estimated to be

2017: 296,0001
2006: 40,0008

Estimated Rate of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

Unregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,7 but in Romania the rate of such firearms per 100 people is estimated to be

2006: 0.186

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Romania are reported to have 240,1809 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Romania are reported to have 251,00010 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Romania, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2018: 2711
2017: 34
2016: 24
2015: 25
2014: 30
2013: 25
2012: 35
2011: 3212 13 14 15
2010: 42
2009: 3712 13 14 15
2008: 34
2007: 36
2006: 48
2005: 57
2004: 51
2003: 62
2002: 67
2001: 59
2000: 76
1999: 73

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Romania, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2018: 0.1311
2017: 0.16
2016: 0.11
2015: 0.12
2014: 0.14
2013: 0.11
2012: 0.16
2011: 0.15
2010: 0.19
2009: 0.17
2008: 0.15
2007: 0.16
2006: 0.22
2005: 0.26
2004: 0.23
2003: 0.28
2002: 0.30
2001: 0.26
2000: 0.34
1999: 0.32

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Romania, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2018: 2311
2017: 28
2016: 23
2015: 22
2014: 28
2013: 21
2012: 29
2011: 26
2010: 40
2009: 35
2008: 30
2007: 32
2006: 45
2005: 47
2004: 41
2003: 58
2001: 57
2000: 67

Rate of Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Romania, the annual rate of male gun death per 100,000 population is

2018: 0.2211
2017: 0.27
2016: 0.22
2015: 0.21
2014: 0.26
2013: 0.20
2012: 0.27
2011: 0.24
2010: 0.37
2009: 0.33
2008: 0.28
2007: 0.30
2006: 0.42
2005: 0.43
2004: 0.38
2003: 0.53
2001: 0.52
2000: 0.61

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Romania, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2018: 411
2017: 6
2016: 1
2015: 3
2014: 2
2013: 4
2012: 6
2011: 6
2010: 2
2009: 2
2008: 4
2007: 4
2006: 3
2005: 10
2004: 10
2003: 4
2001: 2
2000: 9

Rate of Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Romania, the annual rate of female gun death per 100,000 population is

2018: 0.0411
2017: 0.05
2016: 0.01
2015: 0.03
2014: 0.02
2013: 0.04
2012: 0.05
2011: 0.05
2010: 0.02
2009: 0.02
2008: 0.04
2007: 0.04
2006: 0.03
2005: 0.09
2004: 0.09
2003: 0.03
2001: 0.02
2000: 0.08

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Romania, annual homicides by any means total

2018: 25711
2017: 246
2016: 281
2015: 273
2014: 337
2013: 331
2012: 406
2011: 379
2010: 467
2009: 449
2008: 479
2007: 411
2006: 427
2005: 484
2004: 617
2003: 741
2002: 563
2001: 675
2000: 716
1999: 56616
1998: 561
1997: 693
1996: 722
1995: 758

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Romania, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2018: 1.2011
2017: 1.14
2016: 1.30
2015: 1.26
2014: 1.55
2013: 1.52
2012: 1.86
2011: 1.73
2010: 2.13
2009: 2.04
2008: 2.17
2007: 1.86
2006: 1.93
2005: 2.18
2004: 2.77
2003: 3.32
2002: 2.5
2001: 3.01
2000: 3.19
1999: 2.516 17
1998: 2.5
1997: 3.1
1996: 3.2
1995: 3.3

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Romania, annual male homicides by any means total

2018: 17411
2017: 163
2016: 191
2015: 176
2014: 221
2013: 220
2012: 269
2011: 244
2010: 305
2009: 294
2008: 324
2007: 274
2006: 289
2005: 338
2004: 406
2003: 525
2001: 490
2000: 511

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Romania, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2018: 1.6711
2017: 1.56
2016: 1.82
2015: 1.67
2014: 2.09
2013: 2.07
2012: 2.53
2011: 2.29
2010: 2.85
2009: 2.74
2008: 3.01
2007: 2.54
2006: 2.68
2005: 3.12
2004: 3.74
2003: 4.82
2001: 4.47
2000: 4.66

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Romania, annual female homicides by any means total

2018: 8311
2017: 83
2016: 90
2015: 97
2014: 116
2013: 111
2012: 137
2011: 135
2010: 162
2009: 155
2008: 155
2007: 137
2006: 138
2005: 146
2004: 211
2003: 216
2001: 185
2000: 205

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Romania, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2018: 0.7511
2017: 0.75
2016: 0.81
2015: 0.87
2014: 1.04
2013: 0.99
2012: 1.22
2011: 1.20
2010: 1.44
2009: 1.37
2008: 1.37
2007: 1.21
2006: 1.22
2005: 1.28
2004: 1.85
2003: 1.89
2001: 1.61
2000: 1.79

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Romania, annual firearm homicides total

2018: 411
2017: 5
2016: 4
2015: 411
2014: 3
2013: 2
2012: 7
2011: 6
2010: 8
2009: 7
2008: 4
2007: 8
2006: 6
2005: 11
2004: 8
2003: 11
2002: 2312
2001: 11
2000: 14
1999: 19

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Romania, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2018: 0.0211
2017: 0.02
2016: 0.02
2015: 0.02
2014: 0.01
2013: 0.01
2012: 0.03
2011: 0.03
2010: 0.04
2009: 0.03
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.04
2006: 0.03
2005: 0.05
2004: 0.04
2003: 0.05
2002: 0.1112
2001: 0.05
2000: 0.06
1999: 0.08

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Romania, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2012: 2%18
2011: 3%18 19
2010: 1%18
2009: 1%
2008: 1%
2007: 2%
2006: 2%
2005: 2%
2004: 0.5%16
2003: 1.2%

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Romania, annual male firearm homicides total

2018: 311
2017: 4
2016: 3
2015: 3
2014: 2
2013: 1
2012: 5
2011: 3
2010: 6
2009: 7
2008: 3
2007: 6
2006: 6
2005: 9
2004: 8
2003: 10
2001: 10
2000: 11

Rate of Male Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Romania, the annual rate of male firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2018: 0.0311
2017: 0.04
2016: 0.03
2015: 0.03
2014: 0.02
2013: 0.01
2012: 0.05
2011: 0.03
2010: 0.06
2009: 0.07
2008: 0.03
2007: 0.06
2006: 0.06
2005: 0.08
2004: 0.07
2003: 0.09
2001: 0.09
2000: 0.10

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Romania, annual female firearm homicides total

2018: 111
2017: 1
2016: 111
2015: 111
2014: 1
2013: 1
2012: 2
2011: 3
2010: 2
2009: 1
2008: 1
2007: 2
2005: 2
2003: 1
2001: 1
2000: 3

Rate of Female Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Romania, the annual rate of female firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2018: 0.0111
2017: 0.01
2016: 0.01
2015: 0.01
2014: 0.01
2013: 0.01
2012: 0.02
2011: 0.03
2010: 0.02
2009:
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.02
2006:
2005: 0.02
2004:
2003: 0.01
2001: 0.01
2000: 0.03

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn Romania, annual handgun homicides total

2014: 112
2013: 1
2012: 3
2011: 4
2010: 1
2009: 2
2008: 1
2007: 3
2006: 4
2005: 3
2004: 6
2003: 6
2002: 7
2001: 6
2000: 7
1999: 7

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Romania, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0012
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.01
2011: 0.02
2010: 0.00
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.02
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.03
2003: 0.03
2002: 0.03
2001: 0.03
2000: 0.03
1999: 0.03

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn Romania, annual long gun homicides total

2014: 112
2013: 2
2011: 1
2009: 3
2008: 1
2006: 1
2005: 2
2004: 5
2002: 2
2000: 1
1999: 2

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Romania, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0012
2013: 0.01
2011: 0.00
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.02
2002: 0.01
2000: 0.00
1999: 0.01

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn Romania, annual gun homicides (other) total

2014: 312
2013: 2
2012: 7
2011: 6
2010: 8
2009: 7
2008: 4
2007: 8
2006: 6
2005: 11
2004: 8
2003: 11
2002: 14
2001: 11
2000: 14
1999: 10

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Romania, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0112
2013: 0.01
2012: 0.03
2011: 0.03
2010: 0.04
2009: 0.03
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.04
2006: 0.03
2005: 0.05
2004: 0.04
2003: 0.05
2002: 0.06
2001: 0.05
2000: 0.06
1999: 0.04

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Romania, annual suicides by any means total

2018: 1,96011
2017: 1,945
2016: 1,987
2015: 2,240
2014: 2,220
2013: 2,416
2012: 2,509
2011: 2,548
2010: 2,778
2009: 2,595
2008: 2,489
2007: 2,441
2006: 2,739
2005: 2,625
2004: 2,737
2003: 2,918
2001: 2,741
2000: 2,866
1999: 2,73620

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Romania, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2019: 011
2018: 9.13
2017: 9.03
2016: 9.20
2015: 10.34
2014: 10.22
2013: 11.09
2012: 11.48
2011: 11.63
2010: 12.65
2009: 11.79
2008: 11.28
2007: 11.04
2006: 12.37
2005: 11.83
2004: 12.30
2003: 13.08
2001: 12.23
2000: 12.77
1999: 12.2520

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Romania, annual male suicides by any means total

2018: 1,63311
2017: 1,611
2016: 1,669
2015: 1,896
2014: 1,898
2013: 2,050
2012: 2,155
2011: 2,153
2010: 2,316
2009: 2,206
2008: 2,042
2007: 1,995
2006: 2,255
2005: 2,153
2004: 2,290
2003: 2,410
2001: 2,299
2000: 2,355

Rate of Male Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Romania, the annual rate of male suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2018: 15.6511
2017: 15.38
2016: 15.88
2015: 17.98
2014: 17.95
2013: 19.33
2012: 20.26
2011: 20.18
2010: 21.65
2009: 20.57
2008: 19
2007: 18.52
2006: 20.88
2005: 19.89
2004: 21.10
2003: 22.14
2001: 20.99
2000: 21.46

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Romania, annual female suicides by any means total

2018: 32711
2017: 334
2016: 31811
2015: 344
2014: 322
2013: 366
2012: 354
2011: 395
2010: 462
2009: 389
2008: 447
2007: 446
2006: 484
2005: 472
2004: 447
2003: 508
2001: 442
2000: 511

Rate of Female Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Romania, the annual rate of female suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2018: 2.9711
2017: 3.02
2016: 2.87
2015: 3.09
2014: 2.89
2013: 3.27
2012: 3.16
2011: 3.51
2010: 4.10
2009: 3.45
2008: 3.95
2007: 3.94
2006: 4.26
2005: 4.15
2004: 3.92
2003: 4.45
2001: 3.86
2000: 4.45

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Romania, annual firearm suicides total

2018: 1511
2017: 14
2016: 12
2015: 12
2014: 1113
2013: 9
2012: 14 21
2011: 1213
2010: 12
2009: 9
2008: 17
2007: 11
2006: 18
2005: 22
2004: 17
2003: 24
2002: 26
2001: 21
2000: 30
1999: 24

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Romania, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2018: 0.0711
2017: 0.06
2016: 0.06
2015: 0.06
2014: 0.05
2013: 0.04
2012: 0.06
2011: 0.05
2010: 0.05
2009: 0.04
2008: 0.08
2007: 0.05
2006: 0.08
2005: 0.10
2004: 0.08
2003: 0.11
2002: 0.12
2001: 0.09
2000: 0.13
1999: 0.11

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Romania, annual male firearm suicides total

2018: 1311
2017: 11
2016: 12
2015: 10
2014: 11
2013: 7
2012: 13
2011: 11
2010: 12
2009: 9
2008: 16
2007: 11
2006: 15
2005: 20
2004: 14
2003: 24
2001: 21
2000: 30

Rate of Male Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Romania, the annual rate of male firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2018: 0.1211
2017: 0.11
2016: 0.11
2015: 0.09
2014: 0.10
2013: 0.07
2012: 0.12
2011: 0.10
2010: 0.11
2009: 0.08
2008: 0.15
2007: 0.10
2006: 0.14
2005: 0.18
2004: 0.13
2003: 0.22
2001: 0.19
2000: 0.27

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Romania, annual female firearm suicides total

2018: 211
2017: 3
2015: 2
2014: 0
2013: 2
2012: 1
2011: 1
2010: 0
2008: 1
2006: 3
2005: 2
2004: 3

Rate of Female Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Romania, the annual rate of female firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2018: 0.0211
2017: 0.03
2015: 0.02
2013: 0.02
2012: 0.01
2011: 0.01
2008: 0.01
2006: 0.03
2005: 0.02
2004: 0.03

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn Romania, annual handgun suicides total

2014: 213
2013: 1
2012: 3
2011: 5
2010: 2
2009: 2
2008: 5
2007: 4
2006: 2
2005: 2
2004: 4
2003: 9
2002: 9
2001: 6
2000: 5
1999: 7

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Romania, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0113
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.01
2011: 0.02
2010: 0.01
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.02
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.02
2003: 0.04
2002: 0.04
2001: 0.03
2000: 0.02
1999: 0.03

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn Romania, the number of long gun suicides is

2014: 213
2013: 1
2012: 1
2011: 1
2010: 2
2008: 1
2007: 2
2006: 4
2005: 2
2004: 6
2003: 1
2002: 4
2001: 4
2000: 9
1999: 3

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Romania, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0113
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.01
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.02
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.03
2003: 0.00
2002: 0.02
2001: 0.02
2000: 0.04
1999: 0.01

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn Romania, annual gun suicides (other) total

2014: 713
2013: 7
2012: 10
2011: 6
2010: 8
2009: 7
2008: 11
2007: 5
2006: 12
2005: 18
2004: 7
2003: 14
2002: 13
2001: 11
2000: 16
1999: 14

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Romania, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0313
2013: 0.03
2012: 0.05
2011: 0.03
2010: 0.04
2009: 0.03
2008: 0.05
2007: 0.02
2006: 0.06
2005: 0.08
2004: 0.03
2003: 0.06
2002: 0.06
2001: 0.05
2000: 0.07
1999: 0.06

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Romania, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2018: 411
2017: 9
2016: 4
2015: 8
2014: 1314
2013: 9
2012: 8 21
2011: 8
2010: 20
2009: 12
2008: 9
2007: 10
2006: 12
2005: 15
2004: 12
2003: 18
2002: 17
2001: 20
2000: 20
1999: 26

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Romania, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2018: 0.0211
2017: 0.04
2016: 0.02
2015: 0.04
2014: 0.06
2013: 0.04
2012: 0.04
2011: 0.04
2010: 0.09
2009: 0.05
2008: 0.04
2007: 0.05
2006: 0.05
2005: 0.07
2004: 0.05
2003: 0.08
2002: 0.08
2001: 0.09
2000: 0.09
1999: 0.12

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Romania, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2018: 411
2017: 7
2016: 4
2015: 8
2014: 12
2013: 8
2012: 8
2011: 6
2010: 20
2009: 11
2008: 7
2007: 9
2006: 12
2005: 10
2004: 11
2003: 15
2001: 20
2000: 16

Rate of Unintentional Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Romania, the annual rate of unintentional male shooting death per 100,000 population is

2018: 0.0411
2017: 0.07
2016: 0.04
2015: 0.08
2014: 0.11
2013: 0.08
2012: 0.08
2011: 0.06
2010: 0.19
2009: 0.10
2008: 0.07
2007: 0.08
2006: 0.11
2005: 0.09
2004: 0.10
2003: 0.14
2001: 0.18
2000: 0.15

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Romania, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2017: 211
2015: 0
2014: 1
2013: 1
2012: 0
2011: 2
2010: 0
2009: 1
2008: 2
2007: 1
2005: 5
2004: 1
2003: 3
2000: 4

Rate of Unintentional Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Romania, the annual rate of unintentional female shooting death per 100,000 population is

2017: 0.0211
2014: 0.01
2013: 0.01
2011: 0.02
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.01
2005: 0.04
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.03
2000: 0.03

Unintentional Handgun Deaths

ChartIn Romania, annual unintentional shooting deaths by handgun total

2014: 114
2012: 1
2010: 1
2007: 1
2002: 1
2000: 1
1999: 4

Rate of Unintentional Handgun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Romania, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by handgun per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0014
2012: 0.00
2010: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2002: 0.00
2000: 0.00
1999: 0.02

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn Romania, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2014: 214
2013: 2
2012: 2
2011: 1
2010: 5
2009: 1
2008: 3
2007: 2
2006: 1
2004: 2
2003: 4
2002: 4
2001: 1
2000: 2
1999: 1

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Romania, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0114
2013: 0.01
2012: 0.01
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.02
2009: 0.00
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.00
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.02
2002: 0.02
2001: 0.00
2000: 0.01
1999: 0.00

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn Romania, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2014: 1014
2013: 7
2012: 5
2011: 7
2010: 14
2009: 11
2008: 6
2007: 7
2006: 11
2005: 15
2004: 10
2003: 14
2002: 12
2001: 19
2000: 17
1999: 21

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Romania, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0414
2013: 0.03
2012: 0.02
2011: 0.03
2010: 0.07
2009: 0.05
2008: 0.03
2007: 0.03
2006: 0.05
2005: 0.07
2004: 0.05
2003: 0.06
2002: 0.06
2001: 0.08
2000: 0.08
1999: 0.09

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Romania, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2016: 111
2015: 1
2014: 115
2013: 2
2012: 2 21
2011: 1
2010: 1
2009: 4
2008: 2
2007: 3
2006: 7
2005: 4
2004: 3
2003: 3
2002: 1
2001: 1
2000: 4
1999: 4

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Romania, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2019: 011
2018: 0
2017: 0
2016: 0
2015: 0
2014: 0
2013: 0.01
2012: 0.01
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0.02
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.03
2005: 0.02
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.01
2002: 0.00
2001: 0
2000: 0.02
1999: 0.02

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Romania, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2016: 111
2015: 111
2014: 1
2013: 2
2012: 2
2011: 1
2010: 1
2009: 4
2008: 2
2007: 3
2006: 7
2005: 4
2004: 2
2003: 3
2001: 1
2000: 4

Rate of Male Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Romania, the annual rate of unknown-cause male shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.0111
2015: 0.01
2014: 0.01
2013: 0.02
2012: 0.02
2011: 0.01
2010: 0.01
2009: 0.04
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.03
2006: 0.06
2005: 0.04
2004: 0.02
2003: 0.03
2001: 0.01
2000: 0.04

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Romania, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2015: 011
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2004: 1

Rate of Female Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

In Romania, the annual rate of unknown-cause female shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2004: 0.0111

Handgun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Romania, annual deaths by handgun in which the cause remains undecided total

2008: 115
2006: 3
2001: 1
1999: 1

Rate of Handgun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Romania, the annual rate of unknown-cause handgun deaths per 100,000 population is

2008: 0.0015
2006: 0.01
2001: 0.00
1999: 0.00

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Romania, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2013: 115
2010: 1
2007: 1
2006: 2
2005: 1
2004: 1
2002: 1
1999: 1

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Romania, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0015
2010: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.00
2004: 0.00
2002: 0.00
1999: 0.00

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Romania, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 115
2013: 1
2012: 2
2011: 1
2009: 4
2008: 1
2007: 2
2006: 2
2005: 3
2004: 2
2003: 3
2000: 4
1999: 2

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Romania, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0015
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.01
2011: 0.00
2009: 0.02
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.01
2000: 0.02
1999: 0.01

Legal Intervention Gun Homicides

ChartIn Romania, annual legal-intervention gun homicides total

2016: 311
2015: 3
2014: 1
2013: 1
2012: 1
2010: 1
2007: 1

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Romania, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only with government authorisation22 23 24 25 26 27

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, Romania was ranked 'medium'28

Home-made Guns

In Romania, the prevalence of illicit craft, or 'home-made' firearm manufacture is reported to be low29

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Romania, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law22 30 31 23 24 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41

Firearm Exports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms exported from Romania is reported by manufacturers to be

2020: 42,83342
2019: 51,559
2018: 53,110
2017: 37,167
2016: 35,405
2015: 61,362
2014: 23,53243
2010: 55,326
2009: 119,051
2008: 96,918
2007: 115,973

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Romania is reported by Customs to be US$12,458,45244 (2011)45 46

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Romania was categorized as 'major'47 48 49

Firearm Imports

In Romania, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law22 30 31 23 24 32 33 34 35 37 38 39 40

Firearm Imports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms imported to Romania is reported to be

2020: 32,70042
2019: 6,532
2018: 5,264
2017: 2,421
2016: 2,723
2015: 2,834
2014: 4,56843
2010: 9,085
2009: 42,908
2008: 7,822
2007: 7,994

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Romania is reported by Customs to be US$8,364,50244 (2011)

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Romania is low50 51

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Romania, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law35 52 53 54

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Romania include33 55 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

ChartIn its annual Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer, the Small Arms Survey compares public reporting among major arms exporting nations on a scale from strong to weak (25 to zero). In recent years, Romania scored

2020: 17.25
2019: 15.7556
2018: 18.0057
2016: 17.5058
2014: 19.0059
2013: 19.7560
2012: 19.0061
2011: 18.0062
2010: 16.5063
2009: 16.5064
2008: 15.2565
2007: 6.7566
2006: 6.2567
2005: 2.0068
2004: 4.0069

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Romania is categorised as restrictive70

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Romania includes the Law on Firearms and Ammunition Regime No. 17 of 2 April 1996,71 the Law on the Regime of the Monopoly of State No. 31 of 1996,25 27 the Law No. 295 on the Regime of Arms and Ammunitions of 2004,72 73 27 Directive (EU) 2021/555 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 24 March 2021 on control of the acquisition and possession of weapons ,74 75 the European Union Firearms Regulation of 2012 and the Common Position on the Control of Arms Brokering of 200376

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Romania are regulated by the Ministry of the Interior,77 78 23 and the European Commission75

Right to Possess Firearms

In Romania, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law79 80

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Romania, civilians are not allowed to possess automatic firearms, firearms disguised as other objects, and armour-piercing, incendiary and expanding ammunition81 82

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Romania, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited, with only narrow exemptions for persons exercising 'public authority'83 84 85 81 82 19

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Romania, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is prohibited, with only narrow exemptions for persons exercising 'public authority'83 84 86 87 82

Regulation of Handguns

In Romania, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is prohibited with only narrow exemptions for persons exercising 'public authority'83 84 81 86 87 82 19

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Romania, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law19

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Romania, only licensed gun owners83 84 88 89 90 91 92 81 86 19 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Romania are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting, target shooting, self-defence, collection84 83 89 93 94 95

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Romania is 18 years96 95

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Romania must pass a background check which considers criminal and mental health96 95 19 records

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Romania, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every three years91

Licensing Records

In Romania, authorities maintain a record78 97 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Romania are permitted to possess 2 weapons of the same calibre, and only firearms specified on the firearms licence78 89 90

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Romania are permitted to possess ammunition appropriate for up to two weapons, and only the type and in quantities appropriate to the firearms specified on the licence78 89 90 98 40

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Romania, the law requires99 100 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Romania, licensed firearm dealers are required24 97 31 100 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Romania, licensed gun makers are required101 27 99 102 103 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Romania, State agencies are required104 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Romania, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited unless conducted by licensed units and registered by the Police97 24

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Romania, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful24 105 97 31 53 87

Limit on Gun Dealer Sales

In Romania, the number and type of firearms which can be sold by a licensed gun dealer to a single gun owner is limited to two weapons of the same calibre, firearms specified on the firearms licence, and ammunition of type and quantity appropriate to the licensed weapon78 89 90

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Romania include88 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Romania include104 106 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Romania include107 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Romania, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit83 78 89 90 19

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Romania, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit83 78 89 19

Gun Free Zones

In Romania, private guns are prohibited in public gatherings108

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

European Union

As a member of the European Union, Romania is bound by the provisions of the ‘EU Firearms Directive’ – the 2007 Legislative Resolution on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons of the European Parliament109 110

European Union Export Reporting

Under the European Union Common Position on Arms Exports, Romania is bound to declare its transfers of military technology and equipment. Independent monitoring provides detailed comparisons of arms export reporting compliance across EU member states, and records that Romania has submitted one or more national reports111 on its arms transfers

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 2008112 by Romania.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified113 by Romania

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified114 by Romania

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Romania committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects115

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Romania against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 19116 117 118 119 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Romania has submitted one or more national reports120 121 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Romania, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated122 121

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Romania, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated122

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Romania submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent121

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been donated121 by Romania to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided121 to Romania by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Romania has declared123 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Romania has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1955124

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies lists125 Romania as a Participating State

BackgroundSustainable Development Goal Profile

About SDG 16

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are 17 goals set by the United Nations to be implemented by all member states by 2030. Adopted in 2015, they outline a vision of development in which peace and security are an integral part. SDG 16,126 which seeks to “promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development,” includes targets and indicators focused on reducing violence (Target 16.1) and the proliferation of illicit arms (Target 16.4). The indicators – or measurement criteria – of these targets include the number of victims of intentional homicide (Indicator 16.1.1), the number of conflict-related deaths (Indicator 16.1.2), and the number of illicit firearms collected and traced (Indicator 16.4.2). In light of these targets and indicators, GunPolicy.org provides granular national data pertaining to homicides, gun homicides, conflict deaths, disarmament efforts, and marking and tracing.

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Romania, annual homicides by any means total

2018: 25711
2017: 246
2016: 281
2015: 273
2014: 337
2013: 331
2012: 406
2011: 379
2010: 467
2009: 449
2008: 479
2007: 411
2006: 427
2005: 484
2004: 617
2003: 741
2002: 563
2001: 675
2000: 716
1999: 56616
1998: 561
1997: 693
1996: 722
1995: 758

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Romania, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2018: 1.2011
2017: 1.14
2016: 1.30
2015: 1.26
2014: 1.55
2013: 1.52
2012: 1.86
2011: 1.73
2010: 2.13
2009: 2.04
2008: 2.17
2007: 1.86
2006: 1.93
2005: 2.18
2004: 2.77
2003: 3.32
2002: 2.5
2001: 3.01
2000: 3.19
1999: 2.516 17
1998: 2.5
1997: 3.1
1996: 3.2
1995: 3.3

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Romania, annual male homicides by any means total

2018: 17411
2017: 163
2016: 191
2015: 176
2014: 221
2013: 220
2012: 269
2011: 244
2010: 305
2009: 294
2008: 324
2007: 274
2006: 289
2005: 338
2004: 406
2003: 525
2001: 490
2000: 511

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Romania, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2018: 1.6711
2017: 1.56
2016: 1.82
2015: 1.67
2014: 2.09
2013: 2.07
2012: 2.53
2011: 2.29
2010: 2.85
2009: 2.74
2008: 3.01
2007: 2.54
2006: 2.68
2005: 3.12
2004: 3.74
2003: 4.82
2001: 4.47
2000: 4.66

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Romania, annual female homicides by any means total

2018: 8311
2017: 83
2016: 90
2015: 97
2014: 116
2013: 111
2012: 137
2011: 135
2010: 162
2009: 155
2008: 155
2007: 137
2006: 138
2005: 146
2004: 211
2003: 216
2001: 185
2000: 205

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Romania, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2018: 0.7511
2017: 0.75
2016: 0.81
2015: 0.87
2014: 1.04
2013: 0.99
2012: 1.22
2011: 1.20
2010: 1.44
2009: 1.37
2008: 1.37
2007: 1.21
2006: 1.22
2005: 1.28
2004: 1.85
2003: 1.89
2001: 1.61
2000: 1.79

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Romania, annual firearm homicides total

2018: 411
2017: 5
2016: 4
2015: 411
2014: 3
2013: 2
2012: 7
2011: 6
2010: 8
2009: 7
2008: 4
2007: 8
2006: 6
2005: 11
2004: 8
2003: 11
2002: 2312
2001: 11
2000: 14
1999: 19

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Romania, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2018: 0.0211
2017: 0.02
2016: 0.02
2015: 0.02
2014: 0.01
2013: 0.01
2012: 0.03
2011: 0.03
2010: 0.04
2009: 0.03
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.04
2006: 0.03
2005: 0.05
2004: 0.04
2003: 0.05
2002: 0.1112
2001: 0.05
2000: 0.06
1999: 0.08

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Romania, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2012: 2%18
2011: 3%18 19
2010: 1%18
2009: 1%
2008: 1%
2007: 2%
2006: 2%
2005: 2%
2004: 0.5%16
2003: 1.2%

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Romania, annual male firearm homicides total

2018: 311
2017: 4
2016: 3
2015: 3
2014: 2
2013: 1
2012: 5
2011: 3
2010: 6
2009: 7
2008: 3
2007: 6
2006: 6
2005: 9
2004: 8
2003: 10
2001: 10
2000: 11

Rate of Male Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Romania, the annual rate of male firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2018: 0.0311
2017: 0.04
2016: 0.03
2015: 0.03
2014: 0.02
2013: 0.01
2012: 0.05
2011: 0.03
2010: 0.06
2009: 0.07
2008: 0.03
2007: 0.06
2006: 0.06
2005: 0.08
2004: 0.07
2003: 0.09
2001: 0.09
2000: 0.10

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Romania, annual female firearm homicides total

2018: 111
2017: 1
2016: 111
2015: 111
2014: 1
2013: 1
2012: 2
2011: 3
2010: 2
2009: 1
2008: 1
2007: 2
2005: 2
2003: 1
2001: 1
2000: 3

Rate of Female Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Romania, the annual rate of female firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2018: 0.0111
2017: 0.01
2016: 0.01
2015: 0.01
2014: 0.01
2013: 0.01
2012: 0.02
2011: 0.03
2010: 0.02
2009:
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.02
2006:
2005: 0.02
2004:
2003: 0.01
2001: 0.01
2000: 0.03

Conflict Deaths

For a profile of conflict in Romania, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Disarmament

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn Romania, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2017: 57127
2016: 28
2013: 2,243128 129
2012: 86129
2011: 84
2010: 99

Small Arms Destroyed

In Romania, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2003: 195,510130

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Romania, it is not state policy131 104 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

Marking and Tracing

Firearm Marking

In Romania, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law101 132 99 27 133 134

Firearm Tracing

In Romania, state authorities carry out135 102 103 134 100 136 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Global Peace Index

To see where Romania ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index, and then click on Romania on the map or in the "Select Country" menu on the right of the web page


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38.

European Parliament.2021.‘Articles 17.’ Directive (EU) 2021/555 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 24 March 2021 on control of the acquisition and possession of weapons (codification).Brussels:European Union,24 March. (Q14636)Full Citation

39.

European Parliament.2021.‘Articles 18.’ Directive (EU) 2021/555 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 24 March 2021 on control of the acquisition and possession of weapons (codification).Brussels:European Union,24 March. (Q14637)Full Citation

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