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Qatar — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Qatar is

2017: 390,0001
2007: 520,0002

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Qatar is

2017: 16.701
2007: 19.22

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Qatar ranked at No. 773

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Qatar ranked at No. 312

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Qatar are reported to have 30,6804 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Qatar are reported to have 5,0005 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Qatar, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 26
2013: 4
2012: 37
2011: 3
2010: 6

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Qatar, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.096
2013: 0.20
2012: 0.15
2011: 0.16
2010: 0.35

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Qatar, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 26
2013: 3
2012: 2
2011: 3
2010: 5

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Qatar, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 06
2013: 1
2012: 1
2011: 0
2010: 1

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Qatar, annual homicides by any means total

2015: 1818
2014: 96
2013: 9
2012: 7
2011: 4
2010: 4
2008: 139
2007: 30
2006: 2
2005: 6
2004: 610
2003: 4
2000: 111
1999: 3
1998: 2

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Qatar, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 8.108
2014: 0.096
2013: 0.20
2012: 0.15
2011: 0.16
2010: 0.35
2008: 0.99 12
2007: 2.5
2006: 0.2
2005: 0.7
2004: 0.8710
2003: 0.55
2000: 0.1711
1999: 0.53
1998: 0.37

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Qatar, annual male homicides by any means total

2014: 76
2013: 8
2012: 6
2011: 4
2010: 4

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Qatar, annual female homicides by any means total

2014: 26
2013: 1
2012: 1
2011: 0
2010: 0

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Qatar, annual firearm homicides total

2014: 16
2013: 4
2012: 0
2011: 1
2010: 0
2004: 110
2003: 2
1999: 111

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Qatar, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.056
2013: 0.20
2012: 0.07
2011: 0.05
2010: 0
2004: 0.1510
2003: 0.27
1999: 0.1811

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Qatar, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2004: 16.7%9
2003: 50.0%

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Qatar, annual male firearm homicides total

2015: 16
2014: 1
2013: 3
2012: 0
2011: 1
2010: 0

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Qatar, annual female firearm homicides total

2015: 06
2014: 0
2013: 1
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Qatar, annual suicides by any means total

2014: 556
2013: 37
2012: 43
2011: 50
2010: 47

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Qatar, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2014: 2.596
2013: 1.81
2012: 2.20
2011: 2.70
2010: 2.73

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Qatar, annual male suicides by any means total

2014: 526
2013: 36
2012: 38
2011: 45
2010: 46

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Qatar, annual female suicides by any means total

2014: 36
2013: 1
2012: 5
2011: 5
2010: 1

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Qatar, annual firearm suicides total

2014: 06
2013: 0
2012: 17
2011: 0
2010: 0

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Qatar, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 06
2013: 0
2012: 0.05
2011: 0
2010: 0

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Qatar, annual male firearm suicides total

2014: 06
2013: 0
2012: 1
2011: 0
2010: 0

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Qatar, annual female firearm suicides total

2014: 06
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Qatar, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2014: 06
2013: 0
2012: 27
2011: 2
2010: 6

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Qatar, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.056
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Qatar, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2014: 06
2013: 0
2012: 1
2011: 2
2010: 5

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Qatar, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2014: 06
2013: 0
2012: 1
2011: 0
2010: 1

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Qatar, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 16
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Qatar, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 16
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Qatar, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 06
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Qatar, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law13

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Qatar is reported by Customs to be US$28,16914 (2011)

Firearm Imports

In Qatar, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law13

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Qatar is reported by Customs to be US$4,964,51114 (2011)15

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

Law Regulates Civilian Access to Firearms

In Qatar, civilian possession of guns is regulated by law16

Right to Possess Firearms

In Qatar, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law17 18

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

Law Regulates Automatic Weapons

In Qatar, civilian possession of automatic weapons is regulated by law16

Law Regulates Handguns

In Qatar, civilian possession of handguns is regulated by law16

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Qatar, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law16

Gun Ownership and Possession

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Qatar must pass a background check which considers undefined16 records

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Qatar, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is not required by law19

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Qatar, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law16

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

League of Arab States

As a member of the League of Arab States, Qatar adopted the Arab Model Law on Weapons, Ammunitions, Explosives and Hazardous Material in January 200220

United Nations Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice

The UNCCPCJ, a subsidiary body of the Economic and Social Council mandated to promote action to prevent national and transnational crime, lists21 Qatar as an elected member

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 200622 by Qatar.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has not been signed23 by Qatar

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has not been signed24 by Qatar

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Qatar committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects25

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Qatar against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 14426 27 28 29 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Qatar has submitted one or more national reports30 13 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Qatar, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated31 13

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Qatar, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated13

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Qatar submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was not apparent13

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated13 by Qatar to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Qatar has not declared32 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Qatar has been a Member State of the United Nations since 197133

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list34 Qatar as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Qatar, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Qatar ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


Short References

1.

Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Civilian Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Civilian-Held Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13434)Full Citation

2.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms - Annexe online.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q5)Full Citation

3.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q4)Full Citation

4.

Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Military Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Military-Owned Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13436)Full Citation

5.

Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Law Enforcement Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Law Enforcement Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13435)Full Citation

6.

WHO.2016.‘Inter-country Comparison of Mortality for Selected Causes of Death.’ WHO Mortality Data Base.Geneva:World Health Organisation,1 December. (Q13354)Full Citation

7.

Waiselfiz, Julio Jacobo.2015.‘Number and Rate of Gun Deaths in 90 Countries (Número e taxas de mortalidade por AF segundo causa básica em 90 países do mundo).’ Violence Map: Deaths by Firearms (Mapa da Violência: Mortes Matadas por Armas de Fogo).Brasilia:Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales / Latin American Social Sciences Institute,1 January. (Q11896)Full Citation

8.

UNODC.2017.‘Intentional Homicide Victims.’ Crime and Drugs Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,19 May. (Q13355)Full Citation

9.

UNODC.2013.‘Homicide in 207 Countries - Qatar.’ Global Study on Homicide 2011: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,26 June. (Q6291)Full Citation

10.

UNODC.2006.‘Reported Overall Homicide Numbers and Rates per 100,000 Population for 64 Countries, 2003-04.’ Ninth United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (2003 - 2004).Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,10 December. (Q9)Full Citation

11.

UNODC.2004.‘Recorded Intentional Homicide, Completed.’ Seventh United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (1998-2000).Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,19 March. (Q91)Full Citation

12.

Petrini, Benjamin.2011.‘Middle East and North Africa, 1995-2008, Total Recorded Intentional Homicide, Completed, Rate per 100,000 Population.’ World Bank Homicide Rate Dataset 1995-2008.Washington, DC:Social Development Department, World Bank,10 February. (Q3813)Full Citation

13.

UNODA.2018.‘PoA-ISS Country Profiles.’ UN small arms Programme of Action (UNPoA) - Implementation Support System.New York, NY:United Nations Office of Disarmament Affairs,23 July. (Q1309)Full Citation

14.

Marsh, Nicholas.2014.‘Database of Authorised Transfers of Small Arms and Light Weapons.’ NISAT Small Arms Trade Database.Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers,22 December. (Q16)Full Citation

15.

Pavesi, Irene and Christelle Rigual.2013.‘Annexes 8.2: Major Importers.’ Small Arms Survey 2013: Everyday Dangers.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,2 July. (Q8486)Full Citation

16.

Butchart, Alexander, Christopher Mikton and Etienne Krug.2014.‘Country Profile: Qatar.’ Global Status Report on Violence Prevention 2014.Geneva:World Health Organisation (WHO), United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and United Nations Development Programme (UNDP),10 December. (Q9443)Full Citation

17.

Sherman, Amy and Tom Ginsburg.2014.‘Gun Rights in National Constitutions.’ Marco Rubio Says Second Amendment Is Unique in Speech to NRA.Miami, FL:Miami Herald (PolitiFact Florida),29 April. (Q8507)Full Citation

18.

Zachary Elkins, Tom Ginsburg and James Melton. 2013. ‘U.S. Gun Rights Truly Are American Exceptionalism.’ Bloomberg (USA). 7 March. (N422) Full Citation

19.

Qatar.2008.‘Attachment of Note Verbale.’ National Report of Qatar on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Qatar to the United Nations,27 March. (Q4676)Full Citation

20.

League of Arab States / UNODA.2002.‘Arab Model Law on Weapons, Ammunitions, Explosives and Hazardous Material.’ United Nations Programme of Action Implementation Support System: Regional Organisations.New York, NY:Council of the League of Arab States / United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,1 January. (Q3215)Full Citation

21.

UNCCPCJ / UNODC.1991.‘Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice.’ United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime.Vienna:United Nations Economic and Social Council / United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,1 January. (Q3222)Full Citation

22.

GDAV.2006.‘Geneva Declaration.’ Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development.Geneva:Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development Secretariat,7 June. (Q7162)Full Citation

23.

UNODA.2013.‘Towards Entry Into Force.’ Arms Trade Treaty.New York, NY:United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,2 April. (Q7226)Full Citation

24.

UNGA.2001.‘United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition.’ UN General Assembly Resolution 55/255.New York, NY:UN General Assembly,31 May. (Q17)Full Citation

25.

UNGA.2001.‘Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects.’ United Nations General Assembly.New York, NY:UN General Assembly,20 July. (Q18)Full Citation

26.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘Findings - Table 3: Reporting States by Rank and Score.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 August. (Q8752)Full Citation

27.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘What do the PoAIM Scores Represent? How Should the PoAIM Scores Be Interpreted?.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 August. (Q8753)Full Citation

28.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘Point Allocation System.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 August. (Q8754)Full Citation

29.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘Introduction.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 August. (Q8755)Full Citation

30.

Cattaneo, Silvia and Sarah Parker.2008.‘Reporting, NPCs and NCAs, 2002 to 2008.’ Implementing the United Nations Programme of Action on Small Arms and Light Weapons: Analysis of the National Reports submitted by States from 2002 to 2008.Geneva:United Nations Development Programme,1 November. (Q20)Full Citation

31.

IANSA.2006.‘Reviewing Action on Small Arms 2006: Assessing the first five years of the UN Programme of Action.’ Biting the Bullet 'Red Book' 2006.New York, NY:International Action Network on Small Arms and the Biting the Bullet project,26 June. (Q166)Full Citation

32.

UNODA.2011.‘National Reports on Small Arms Exports.’ United Nations Register of Conventional Arms - The Global Reported Arms Trade.New York, NY:United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,21 October. (Q14)Full Citation

33.

UN.2013.‘Member States of the United Nations.’ UN.org Web Site.New York, NY:United Nations General Assembly,7 April. (Q290)Full Citation

34.

Wassenaar Arrangement.1996.‘Introduction: Participating States.’ Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies.Vienna:Wassenaar Secretariat,12 July. (Q19)Full Citation