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Qatar — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Qatar is

2017: 390,0001
2007: 520,0002

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Qatar is

2017: 16.701
2007: 19.22

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Qatar ranked at No. 773

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Qatar ranked at No. 312

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Qatar are reported to have 30,6804 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Qatar are reported to have 5,0005 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Qatar, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2017: 46
2016: 3
2014: 26
2013: 4
2012: 37
2011: 3
2010: 6
2008: 2
2007: 8
2005: 3
2004: 1
2001: 7

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Qatar, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2017: 0.186
2016: 0.14
2014: 0.10
2013: 0.20
2012: 0.16
2011: 0.17
2010: 0.38
2008: 0.16
2007: 0.71
2005: 0.36
2004: 0.14
2001: 1.04

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Qatar, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2017: 46
2016: 1
2014: 2
2013: 3
2012: 2
2011: 3
2010: 5
2008: 2
2007: 7
2005: 2
2004: 1
2001: 6

Rate of Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Qatar, the annual rate of male gun death per 100,000 population is

2017: 0.236
2016: 0.06
2014: 0.13
2013: 0.20
2012: 0.14
2011: 0.23
2010: 0.42
2008: 0.22
2007: 0.87
2005: 0.36
2004: 0.21
2001: 1.35

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Qatar, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2016: 26
2014: 0
2013: 1
2012: 1
2011: 0
2010: 1
2007: 1
2005: 1
2001: 1

Rate of Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Qatar, the annual rate of female gun death per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.406
2014: 0.00
2013: 0.22
2012: 0.23
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.26
2007: 0.32
2005: 0.38
2001: 0.44

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Qatar, annual homicides by any means total

2016: 1908
2015: 182
2010: 125
2000: 29

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Qatar, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 8.418
2015: 8.29
2010: 7.27
2000: 4.53

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Qatar, annual male homicides by any means total

2016: 1718
2015: 165
2010: 113
2000: 24

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Qatar, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 9.808
2015: 9.73
2010: 8.67
2000: 5.69

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Qatar, annual female homicides by any means total

2016: 198
2015: 18
2010: 12
2000: 5

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Qatar, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 3.718
2015: 3.60
2010: 2.88
2000: 2.29

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Qatar, annual firearm homicides total

2014: 16
2013: 4
2012: 0
2011: 1
2010: 0
2007: 2
2005: 1
2004: 19
2003: 2
2001: 1
1999: 110

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Qatar, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.056
2013: 0.20
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.05
2010: 0.00
2007: 0.16
2005: 0.10
2004: 0.12
2001: 0.15
1999: 0.1810

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Qatar, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2004: 16.7%11
2003: 50.0%

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Qatar, annual male firearm homicides total

2015: 16
2014: 1
2013: 3
2012: 0
2011: 1
2010: 0
2007: 2
2005: 1
2004: 1
2001: 1

Rate of Male Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Qatar, the annual rate of male firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.066
2013: 0.19
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.07
2007: 0.22
2004: 0.17
2001: 0.23

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Qatar, annual female firearm homicides total

2015: 06
2014: 0
2013: 1
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Rate of Female Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Qatar, the annual rate of female firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.006
2014: 0.00
2013: 0.21
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.00

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Qatar, annual suicides by any means total

2016: 1708
2015: 161
2010: 108
2000: 20

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Qatar, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 7.538
2015: 7.34
2010: 6.28
2000: 3.13

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Qatar, annual male suicides by any means total

2016: 1658
2015: 156
2010: 104
2000: 18

Rate of Male Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Qatar, the annual rate of male suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 9.458
2015: 9.20
2010: 7.98
2000: 4.27

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Qatar, annual female suicides by any means total

2016: 58
2015: 5
2010: 4
2000: 2

Rate of Female Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Qatar, the annual rate of female suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.988
2015: 1.00
2010: 0.96
2000: 0.92

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Qatar, annual firearm suicides total

2014: 06
2013: 0
2012: 17
2011: 0
2010: 0

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Qatar, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.006
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.05
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.00

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Qatar, annual male firearm suicides total

2014: 06
2013: 0
2012: 1
2011: 0
2010: 0

Rate of Male Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Qatar, the annual rate of male firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.006
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.07
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.00

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Qatar, annual female firearm suicides total

2014: 06
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Rate of Female Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Qatar, the annual rate of female firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.006
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.00

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Qatar, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2017: 26
2016: 3
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 27
2011: 2
2010: 6
2008: 2
2007: 6
2005: 1
2001: 3

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Qatar, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2017: 0.096
2016: 0.13
2014: 0.00
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.10
2011: 0.11
2010: 0.35
2008: 0.14
2007: 0.47
2005: 0.10
2001: 0.45

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Qatar, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2017: 26
2016: 1
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 1
2011: 2
2010: 5
2008: 2
2007: 5
2005: 1
2001: 3

Rate of Unintentional Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Qatar, the annual rate of unintentional male shooting death per 100,000 population is

2017: 0.116
2016: 0.06
2012: 0.07
2011: 0.14
2010: 0.38
2008: 0.19
2007: 0.54
2005: 0.15
2001: 0.68

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Qatar, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2016: 26
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 1
2011: 0
2010: 1
2007: 1

Rate of Unintentional Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Qatar, the annual rate of unintentional female shooting death per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.396
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0.22
2010: 0.24
2007: 0.30

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Qatar, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 16
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Qatar, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.056
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.00

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Qatar, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 16
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Rate of Male Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Qatar, the annual rate of unknown-cause male shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.066
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.00

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Qatar, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 06
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Rate of Female Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Qatar, the annual rate of unknown-cause female shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.006
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.00

Legal Intervention Gun Homicides

In Qatar, annual legal-intervention gun homicides total

2016: 16

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Qatar, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence12 13 14 15 16

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Qatar, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law17 18 14 15 19

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Qatar is reported by Customs to be US$28,16920 (2011)

Firearm Imports

In Qatar, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law17 18 14 15

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

ChartThe annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Qatar is reported by Customs to be US$

2017: 102,000,000
2016: 20,000,00021

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

Law Regulates Civilian Access to Firearms

In Qatar, civilian possession of guns is regulated by law22

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Qatar includes the Law No 14 of 1999 Concerning Weapons, Ammunition and Explosives23

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Qatar are regulated by the Minister of Interior24

Right to Possess Firearms

In Qatar, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law25 26

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

Law Regulates Automatic Weapons

In Qatar, civilian possession of automatic weapons is regulated by law22

Law Regulates Handguns

In Qatar, civilian possession of handguns is regulated by law22

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Qatar, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law22

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Qatar, only licensed gun owners27 12 28 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Qatar is 21 years29

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Qatar must pass a background check which considers behavioural and criminal29 records

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Qatar, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every 5 years30

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Qatar are permitted to possess 4 firearms31

Firearm Registration

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Qatar, licensed firearm dealers are required32 33 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Qatar, licensed gun makers are required32 33 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Qatar, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited without a valid firearms licence34 35 16

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Qatar, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful14 16 36 37

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Qatar include38 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Qatar, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law22

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Qatar, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is prohibited without a license39

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Qatar, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm40 is one41 to seven years{15692} or a fine42

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

League of Arab States

As a member of the League of Arab States, Qatar adopted the Arab Model Law on Weapons, Ammunitions, Explosives and Hazardous Material in January 200243

United Nations Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice

The UNCCPCJ, a subsidiary body of the Economic and Social Council mandated to promote action to prevent national and transnational crime, lists44 Qatar as an elected member

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 200645 by Qatar.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has not been signed46 by Qatar

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has not been signed47 by Qatar

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Qatar committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects48

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Qatar against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 14449 50 51 52 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Qatar has submitted one or more national reports53 17 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Qatar, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated54 17

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Qatar, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated17

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Qatar submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was not apparent17

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated17 by Qatar to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Qatar has not declared55 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Qatar has been a Member State of the United Nations since 197156

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list57 Qatar as a Participating State

BackgroundSustainable Development Goal Profile

About SDG 16

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are 17 goals set by the United Nations to be implemented by all member states by 2030. Adopted in 2015, they outline a vision of development in which peace and security are an integral part. SDG 16,58 which seeks to “promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development,” includes targets and indicators focused on reducing violence (Target 16.1) and the proliferation of illicit arms (Target 16.4). The indicators – or measurement criteria – of these targets include the number of victims of intentional homicide (Indicator 16.1.1), the number of conflict-related deaths (Indicator 16.1.2), and the number of illicit firearms collected and traced (Indicator 16.4.2). In light of these targets and indicators, GunPolicy.org provides granular national data pertaining to homicides, gun homicides, conflict deaths, disarmament efforts, and marking and tracing.

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Qatar, annual homicides by any means total

2016: 1908
2015: 182
2010: 125
2000: 29

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Qatar, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 8.418
2015: 8.29
2010: 7.27
2000: 4.53

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Qatar, annual male homicides by any means total

2016: 1718
2015: 165
2010: 113
2000: 24

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Qatar, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 9.808
2015: 9.73
2010: 8.67
2000: 5.69

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Qatar, annual female homicides by any means total

2016: 198
2015: 18
2010: 12
2000: 5

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Qatar, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 3.718
2015: 3.60
2010: 2.88
2000: 2.29

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Qatar, annual firearm homicides total

2014: 16
2013: 4
2012: 0
2011: 1
2010: 0
2007: 2
2005: 1
2004: 19
2003: 2
2001: 1
1999: 110

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Qatar, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.056
2013: 0.20
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.05
2010: 0.00
2007: 0.16
2005: 0.10
2004: 0.12
2001: 0.15
1999: 0.1810

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Qatar, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2004: 16.7%11
2003: 50.0%

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Qatar, annual male firearm homicides total

2015: 16
2014: 1
2013: 3
2012: 0
2011: 1
2010: 0
2007: 2
2005: 1
2004: 1
2001: 1

Rate of Male Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Qatar, the annual rate of male firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.066
2013: 0.19
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.07
2007: 0.22
2004: 0.17
2001: 0.23

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Qatar, annual female firearm homicides total

2015: 06
2014: 0
2013: 1
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Rate of Female Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Qatar, the annual rate of female firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.006
2014: 0.00
2013: 0.21
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.00

Conflict Deaths

For a profile of conflict in Qatar, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Disarmament

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn Qatar, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2017: 10959
2016: 71

Marking and Tracing

Firearm Marking

In Qatar, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is not required by law60

Global Peace Index

To see where Qatar ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index, and then click on Qatar on the map or in the "Select Country" menu on the right of the web page


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