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Portugal — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Portugal is

2017: 2,186,0001
2010: 2,600,0002

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Portugal is

2017: 21.301
2010: 24.223

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2017 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 206 countries, Portugal ranked at No. 384

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2017 comparison of the rate of privately owned guns in 206 countries, Portugal ranked at No.224

Proportion of Adults Living in a Home With a Gun

In Portugal, the percentage of adults living in a household with a firearm is reported to be

2015: 6%5

Proportion of Households with Firearms

ChartIn Portugal, the percentage of households with one or more guns is reported to be

2005: 18.3%6
1999/2003: 13.2%

Proportion of Households with Handguns

ChartIn Portugal, the percentage of households with one or more handguns is reported to be

2005: 3.9%6
1999/2003: 4.3%

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

The number of licensed gun owners in Portugal is reported to be

2021: 216,000 7

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Portugal is reported to be

2017: 1,400,0001 8
2010: 1,400,0002

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

The rate of registered guns per 100 people in Portugal is

2010: 13.043

Estimated Number of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms

ChartUnregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,9 but in Portugal there are estimated to be

2017: 1,000,00010 1
2010: 1,200,0002
:

Estimated Rate of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

Unregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,9 but in Portugal the rate of such firearms per 100 people is estimated to be

2010: 11.183

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Portugal are reported to have 333,64011 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Portugal are reported to have 89,00012 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Portugal, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2018: 10313
2017: 115
2016: 144
2015: 185
2014: 15514 15 16 17
2013: 142
2012: 14114 15 17 18
2011: 14214 15 16 17
2010: 18819
2009: 15214 15 16 17
2008: 159
2007: 158
2003: 208
2002: 221
2001: 17114 15 16
2000: 102
1999: 20214 15 16 20
1998: 12414 15 16

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Portugal, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2018: 0.9913
2017: 1.10
2016: 1.38
2015: 1.76
2014: 1.47
2013: 1.34
2012: 1.32
2011: 1.33
2010: 1.76
2009: 1.43
2008: 1.50
2007: 1.49
2003: 1.98
2002: 2.12
2001: 1.65
2000: 0.99
1999: 1.96
1998: 1.21

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Portugal, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2018: 9513
2017: 104
2016: 133
2015: 158
2014: 133
2013: 126
2012: 126
2011: 126
2010: 164
2009: 139
2008: 140
2007: 142
2003: 185

Rate of Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Portugal, the annual rate of male gun death per 100,000 population is

2018: 1.9313
2017: 2.10
2016: 2.68
2015: 3.16
2014: 2.64
2013: 2.49
2012: 2.47
2011: 2.46
2010: 3.20
2009: 2.71
2008: 2.74
2007: 2.78
2003: 3.65

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Portugal, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2018: 813
2017: 11
2016: 11
2015: 27
2014: 22
2013: 16
2012: 15
2011: 16
2010: 24
2009: 13
2008: 19
2007: 16
2003: 23

Rate of Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Portugal, the annual rate of female gun death per 100,000 population is

2018: 0.1513
2017: 0.20
2016: 0.20
2015: 0.49
2014: 0.40
2013: 0.29
2012: 0.27
2011: 0.29
2010: 0.43
2009: 0.24
2008: 0.35
2007: 0.29
2003: 0.42

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Portugal, annual homicides by any means total

2018: 8121
2017: 76
2016: 66
2015: 100
2014: 92
2013: 144
2012: 122
2011: 114
2010: 124
2009: 130
2008: 124
2007: 185
2006: 15522 23 24
2005: 133
2004: 14422 23 25
2003: 149
2002: 11922 23
2001: 105
2000: 11622 23 26
1999: 10923 26
1998: 125
1997: 11423 27
1996: 106
1995: 40827

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Portugal, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2020: 0.9121
2019: 0.87
2018: 0.79
2017: 0.74
2016: 0.64
2015: 0.96
2014: 0.88
2013: 1.37
2012: 1.16
2011: 1.08
2010: 1.17
2009: 1.22
2008: 1.16
2007: 1.74
2006: 1.522 23 24
2005: 1.3
2004: 1.422 23 25
2003: 1.4
2002: 1.122 23
2001: 1.0
2000: 1.122 23 26
1999: 1.123 26
1998: 1.2
1997: 1.123 27
1996: 1.0
1995: 4.1127 23
1994: 2.9828

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Portugal, annual male homicides by any means total

2014: 4429
2013: 92
2012: 81
2011: 75
2010: 82
2009: 92
2008: 87
2007: 133

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Portugal, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.8929
2013: 1.85
2012: 1.61
2011: 1.48
2010: 1.62
2009: 1.80
2008: 1.72
2007: 2.60

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Portugal, annual female homicides by any means total

2014: 4829
2013: 52
2012: 41
2011: 39
2010: 42
2009: 38
2008: 36
2007: 52

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Portugal, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.8821
2013: 0.95
2012: 0.75
2011: 0.71
2010: 0.76
2009: 0.68
2008: 0.65
2007: 0.94

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Portugal, annual firearm homicides total

2014: 2514
2013: 29
2012: 28
2011: 19
2010: 51
2009: 3014 22 23
2008: 44
2007: 35
2006: 8122 23
2005: 68
2004: 7223
2003: 5714 23
2002: 6714
2001: 67
2000: 39
1999: 61
1998: 70
1997: 12627
1996: 130
1995: 132

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Portugal, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.2413
2013: 0.27
2012: 0.26
2011: 0.18
2010: 0.48
2009: 0.28
2008: 0.41
2007: 0.33
2006: 0.763 23
2005: 0.64
2004: 0.723
2003: 0.5414 23
2002: 0.6414
2001: 0.65
2000: 0.38
1999: 0.6
1998: 0.69
1997: 1.2727
1996: 1.31
1995: 1.33
1994: 1.2830

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Portugal, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2012: 37%22 31
2011: 20%22
2010: 36%
2009: 34%
2008: 44%
2007: 29%
2006: 52%
2005: 51%
2004: 50.0%23
2003: 53.0%

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Portugal, annual male firearm homicides total

2018: 513
2017: 7
2016: 13
2015: 18
2014: 9
2013: 17
2012: 17
2011: 13
2010: 31
2009: 18
2008: 26
2007: 16
2003: 35

Rate of Male Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Portugal, the annual rate of male firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2018: 0.1013
2017: 0.14
2016: 0.26
2015: 0.36
2014: 0.18
2013: 0.34
2012: 0.34
2011: 0.26
2010: 0.61
2009: 0.35
2008: 0.51
2007: 0.31
2006:
2005:
2004:
2003: 0.69
2001:
2000:

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Portugal, annual female firearm homicides total

2017: 213 32
2016: 1
2015: 6
2014: 7
2013: 5
2012: 3
2011: 5
2010: 16
2009: 7
2008: 11
2007: 7
2003: 9

Rate of Female Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Portugal, the annual rate of female firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2017: 0.0413
2016: 0.02
2015: 0.11
2014: 0.13
2013: 0.09
2012: 0.05
2011: 0.09
2010: 0.29
2009: 0.13
2008: 0.20
2007: 0.13
2006:
2005:
2004:
2003: 0.17
2001:
2000:

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn Portugal, annual handgun homicides total

2014: 414
2013: 2
2012: 2
2009: 1
2008: 2
2007: 2
2003: 2
2002: 17

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Portugal, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0414
2013: 0.02
2012: 0.02
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.02
2003: 0.02
2002: 0.16

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn Portugal, annual long gun homicides total

2014: 514
2013: 5
2012: 6
2011: 1
2010: 4
2009: 4
2008: 5
2007: 10
2003: 11
2002: 5

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Portugal, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0514
2013: 0.05
2012: 0.06
2011: 0.01
2010: 0.04
2009: 0.04
2008: 0.05
2007: 0.09
2003: 0.11
2002: 0.05

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn Portugal, annual gun homicides (other) total

2014: 1614
2013: 22
2012: 20
2011: 18
2010: 47
2009: 25
2008: 37
2007: 23
2003: 44
2002: 45

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Portugal, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.1514
2013: 0.21
2012: 0.19
2011: 0.17
2010: 0.44
2009: 0.24
2008: 0.35
2007: 0.22
2003: 0.42
2002: 0.43

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Portugal, annual suicides by any means total

2018: 1,07113
2017: 1,146
2016: 1,089
2015: 1,265
2014: 1,341
2013: 1,151
2012: 1,178
2011: 1,125
2010: 1,217
2009: 1,127
2008: 1,137
2007: 1,127
2003: 1,282
1999: 54520

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Portugal, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2019: 013
2018: 10.34
2017: 11.04
2016: 10.46
2015: 12.11
2014: 12.78
2013: 10.91
2012: 11.11
2011: 10.57
2010: 11.41
2009: 10.57
2008: 10.68
2007: 10.61
2006: 0
2005: 0
2004: 0
2003: 12.17
2001: 0
2000: 0
1999: 5.4220
1994: 14.8333

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Portugal, annual male suicides by any means total

2018: 80813
2017: 869
2016: 856
2015: 925
2014: 1,033
2013: 905
2012: 953
2011: 890
2010: 947
2009: 902
2008: 888
2007: 853
2003: 1,009

Rate of Male Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Portugal, the annual rate of male suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2018: 16.4513
2017: 17.63
2016: 17.31
2015: 18.62
2014: 20.68
2013: 17.99
2012: 18.80
2011: 17.46
2010: 18.52
2009: 17.62
2008: 17.33
2007: 16.67
2003: 19.83

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Portugal, annual female suicides by any means total

2018: 26313
2017: 277
2016: 233
2015: 340
2014: 308
2013: 246
2012: 225
2011: 235
2010: 270
2009: 225
2008: 249
2007: 274
2003: 273

Rate of Female Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Portugal, the annual rate of female suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2018: 4.8313
2017: 5.08
2016: 4.26
2015: 6.20
2014: 5.61
2013: 4.46
2012: 4.06
2011: 4.23
2010: 4.87
2009: 4.06
2008: 4.51
2007: 4.98
2003: 5.02

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Portugal, annual firearm suicides total

2018: 7513
2017: 85
2016: 108
2015: 133
2014: 11815
2013: 98
2012: 10215 18
2011: 10715
2010: 116
2009: 102
2008: 99
2007: 107
2003: 127
2002: 92
2001: 103
2000: 57
1999: 62
1998: 50

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Portugal, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2018: 0.7213
2017: 0.82
2016: 1.03
2015: 1.27
2014: 1.12
2013: 0.92
2012: 0.96
2011: 1
2010: 1.09
2009: 0.96
2008: 0.93
2007: 1.01
2003: 1.21
2002: 0.88
1999: 0.61
1998: 0.49
1994: 1.2834

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Portugal, annual male firearm suicides total

2018: 7113
2017: 82
2016: 106
2015: 122
2014: 108
2013: 93
2012: 94
2011: 96
2010: 111
2009: 99
2008: 94
2007: 102
2003: 121

Rate of Male Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Portugal, the annual rate of male firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2018: 1.4513
2017: 1.66
2016: 2.14
2015: 2.46
2014: 2.16
2013: 1.85
2012: 1.85
2011: 1.88
2010: 2.17
2009: 1.93
2008: 1.83
2007: 1.99
2003: 2.38

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Portugal, annual female firearm suicides total

2018: 413
2017: 3
2016: 2
2015: 11
2014: 10
2013: 5
2012: 8
2011: 11
2010: 5
2009: 3
2008: 5
2007: 5
2003: 6

Rate of Female Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Portugal, the annual rate of female firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2018: 0.0713
2017: 0.05
2016: 0.04
2015: 0.20
2014: 0.18
2013: 0.09
2012: 0.14
2011: 0.20
2010: 0.09
2009: 0.05
2008: 0.09
2007: 0.09
2003: 0.11

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn Portugal, annual handgun suicides total

2014: 2015
2013: 1
2012: 2
2009: 1
2008: 2
2007: 1
2003: 7
2002: 14

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Portugal, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.1915
2013: 0.01
2012: 0.02
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.01
2003: 0.07
2002: 0.13

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn Portugal, the number of long gun suicides is

2014: 2615
2013: 26
2012: 12
2011: 17
2010: 12
2009: 16
2008: 22
2007: 23
2003: 15
2002: 5

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Portugal, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.2515
2013: 0.25
2012: 0.11
2011: 0.16
2010: 0.11
2009: 0.15
2008: 0.21
2007: 0.22
2003: 0.14
2002: 0.05

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn Portugal, annual gun suicides (other) total

2014: 7215
2013: 71
2012: 88
2011: 90
2010: 104
2009: 85
2008: 75
2007: 83
2003: 105
2002: 73

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Portugal, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.6915
2013: 0.68
2012: 0.84
2011: 0.85
2010: 0.98
2009: 0.80
2008: 0.71
2007: 0.79
2003: 1.00
2002: 0.70

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Portugal, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2018: 413
2017: 1
2016: 1
2015: 1
2014: 116
2013: 1
2012: 0
2011: 3
2010: 2
2009: 3
2008: 2
2007: 4
2003: 6
2002: 21
2001: 5
2000: 6
1999: 2
1998: 4

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Portugal, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2018: 0.0413
2017: 0.01
2016: 0.01
2015: 0.01
2014: 0.01
2013: 0.01
2012:
2011: 0.03
2010: 0.02
2009: 0.03
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.04
2006:
2005:
2004:
2003: 0.06
2002: 0.2
2001:
2000:
1999: 0.02
1998: 0.04
1994: 0.2135

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Portugal, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2018: 413
2017: 1
2016: 1
2015: 1
2014: 1
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 3
2010: 2
2009: 3
2008: 2
2007: 4
2003: 6

Rate of Unintentional Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Portugal, the annual rate of unintentional male shooting death per 100,000 population is

2018: 0.0813
2017: 0.02
2016: 0.02
2015: 0.02
2014: 0.02
2011: 0.06
2010: 0.04
2009: 0.06
2008: 0.04
2007: 0.08
2003: 0.12

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Portugal, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2014: 013
2013: 1
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Rate of Unintentional Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

In Portugal, the annual rate of unintentional female shooting death per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0213

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn Portugal, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2014: 116
2011: 1
2009: 1
2007: 1
2003: 3
2002: 9

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Portugal, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0116
2011: 0.01
2009: 0.01
2007: 0.01
2003: 0.03
2002: 0.09

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn Portugal, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2013: 116
2011: 2
2010: 2
2009: 2
2008: 2
2007: 3
2003: 3
2002: 12

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Portugal, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0116
2011: 0.02
2010: 0.02
2009: 0.02
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.03
2003: 0.03
2002: 0.12

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Portugal, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2018: 1213
2017: 11
2016: 9
2015: 6
2014: 1117
2013: 14
2012: 1117 18
2011: 1317
2010: 19
2009: 17
2008: 15
2007: 12
2003: 18
2002: 41
1999: 7720

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Portugal, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2019: 013
2018: 0.12
2017: 0.11
2016: 0.09
2015: 0.06
2014: 0.10
2013: 0.13
2012: 0.10
2011: 0.12
2010: 0.18
2009: 0.16
2008: 0.14
2007: 0.11
2006: 0
2005: 0
2004: 0
2003: 0.17
2002: 0.40
2001: 0
2000: 0
1999: 0.7720
1994: 0.9336

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Portugal, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2018: 913
2017: 9
2016: 7
2015: 5
2014: 1113
2013: 13
2012: 10
2011: 13
2010: 17
2009: 15
2008: 14
2007: 11
2003: 15

Rate of Male Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Portugal, the annual rate of unknown-cause male shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2018: 0.1813
2017: 0.18
2016: 0.14
2015: 0.10
2014: 0.22
2013: 0.26
2012: 0.20
2011: 0.26
2010: 0.33
2009: 0.29
2008: 0.27
2007: 0.21
2003: 0.29

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Portugal, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2018: 313
2017: 2
2016: 2
2015: 1
2014: 0
2013: 1
2012: 1
2011: 0
2010: 2
2009: 2
2008: 1
2007: 1
2003: 3

Rate of Female Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Portugal, the annual rate of unknown-cause female shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2018: 0.0613
2017: 0.04
2016: 0.04
2015: 0.02
2013: 0.02
2012: 0.02
2010: 0.04
2009: 0.04
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.02
2003: 0.06

Handgun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Portugal, annual deaths by handgun in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 117
2003: 1

Rate of Handgun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Portugal, the annual rate of unknown-cause handgun deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0117
2003: 0.01

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Portugal, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 317
2013: 1
2011: 1
2010: 2
2009: 2
2008: 1
2007: 1
2003: 1
2002: 7

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Portugal, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0317
2013: 0.01
2011: 0.01
2010: 0.02
2009: 0.02
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.01
2003: 0.01
2002: 0.07

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Portugal, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 717
2013: 13
2012: 11
2011: 12
2010: 17
2009: 15
2008: 14
2007: 11
2003: 16
2002: 34

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Portugal, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0717
2013: 0.12
2012: 0.10
2011: 0.11
2010: 0.16
2009: 0.14
2008: 0.13
2007: 0.10
2003: 0.15
2002: 0.33

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Portugal, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence37 38

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, Portugal was ranked 'small'39

Home-made Guns

In Portugal, the prevalence of illicit craft, or 'home-made' firearm manufacture is reported to be moderate40

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Portugal, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law41 42 38 43 44 45 46 47 48

Firearm Exports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms exported from Portugal is reported by manufacturers to be

2020: 73,91049
2019: 97,363
2018: 61,603
2017: 66,940
2016: 70,447
2015: 74,847
2014: 38,13350
2013: 52,489
2012: 38,944
2011: 40,040
2007: 16
2006: 464

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

ChartThe annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Portugal is reported by Customs to be US$

2021: 67,131,00051
2020: 55,621,000
2019: 58,047,000
2018: 54,969,000
2017: 55,568,000
2016: 52,725,000
2015: 58,058,000
2014: 76,486,000
2013: 62,200,000
2012: 50,129,000
2011: 26,107,000
2010: 32,872,000
2009: 48,173,000
2008: 37,584,000
2007: 33,676,000
2006: 25,208,000
2005: 25,288,000
2004: 26,036,000
2003: 25,503,000
2002: 17,608,000

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Portugal was categorized as 'major'52 53 54

Firearm Imports

In Portugal, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law41 42 38 43 44 45 46 48

Firearm Imports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms imported to Portugal is reported to be

2020: 10,49249
2019: 6,622
2018: 5,035
2017: 4,049
2016: 3,075
2015: 3,247
2014: 1,35450
2012: 72
2011: 8,344
2010: 1,421
2008: 8,130
2007: 244
2006: 979

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

ChartThe annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Portugal is reported by Customs to be US$

2021: 47,320,00055
2020: 51,597,000
2019: 40,236,000
2018: 36,342,000
2017: 35,261,000
2016: 40,079,000
2015: 42,852,000
2014: 55,720,000
2013: 45,053,000
2012: 33,833,000
2011: 17,935,000
2010: 29,033,000
2009: 29,788,000
2008: 22,518,000
2007: 17,622,000
2006: 15,988,000
2005: 17,875,000
2004: 19,020,000
2003: 22,272,000
2002: 18,529,000

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Portugal is moderate56 57

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Portugal, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law58 59 38 60 61

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Portugal include62 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

ChartIn its annual Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer, the Small Arms Survey compares public reporting among major arms exporting nations on a scale from strong to weak (25 to zero). In recent years, Portugal scored

2020: 15.50
2019: 15.7563
2018: 16.5064
2016: 16.7565
2014: 12.7566
2013: 11.0067
2012: 11.7568
2011: 12.7569
2010: 13.2570
2009: 12.7571
2008: 14.7572
2007: 13.2573
2006: 13.0074
2005: 11.5075
2004: 11.0076

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Portugal is categorised as restrictive77

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Portugal includes the Firearms Act No. 5/2006, as amended in 2013,78 62 38 79 Law No. 5 of 23 February 2006, 80 81 Law No. 50/2019, 82 Presidential Legal Decree No. 8/2020 of March 9th 2020, 83 Ministerial Regulation No. 4/2021 of July 26th 2021,84 Directive (EU) 2021/555 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 24 March 2021 on control of the acquisition and possession of weapons ,85 86 the European Union Firearms Regulation of 2012 and the Common Position on the Control of Arms Brokering of 200387

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Portugal are regulated by the European Commission86

Right to Possess Firearms

In Portugal, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law88 89

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Portugal, civilians are not allowed to possess automatic firearms, firearms disguised as other objects, and armour-piercing, incendiary and expanding ammunition90 91 92

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Portugal, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited90 91 31

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Portugal, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted only with special authorisation93 94 91 92 95 96 97 98 99

Regulation of Handguns

In Portugal, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted only with special authorisation90 93 94 91 31 100 101 102

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Portugal, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law31 96 97 98 99

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Portugal, only licensed gun owners38 103 90 93 31 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Portugal are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting, target shooting, personal protection, security104

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Portugal is 18 years104

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Portugal must pass a background check which considers criminal and mental health104 31 105 records

Firearm Safety Training

In Portugal, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required106 107 108 109 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Portugal, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every five years110

Licensing Records

In Portugal, authorities maintain a record111 112 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Portugal are permitted to possess only an approved number of firearms113

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Portugal are permitted to possess only ammunition suitable for the intended firearm46 100 101 96 98 114 115

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Portugal, the law requires116 117 118 8 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Portugal, licensed firearm dealers are required118 119 48 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Portugal, licensed gun makers are required78 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Portugal, State agencies are required120 121 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Portugal, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful38 60 94 122

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Portugal include113 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Portugal include120 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Portugal include123 124 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Portugal, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law31

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Portugal, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is permitted if justified125

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Portugal, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm126 is five years in prison38 127 128 129 130

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

European Union

As a member of the European Union, Portugal is bound by the provisions of the ‘EU Firearms Directive’ – the 2007 Legislative Resolution on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons of the European Parliament131 132

European Union Export Reporting

Under the European Union Common Position on Arms Exports, Portugal is bound to declare its transfers of military technology and equipment. Independent monitoring provides detailed comparisons of arms export reporting compliance across EU member states, and records that Portugal has submitted one or more national reports133 on its arms transfers

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 2006134 by Portugal.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified135 by Portugal

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified136 by Portugal

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Portugal committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects137

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Portugal against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 1138 139 140 141 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Portugal has submitted one or more national reports142 143 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Portugal, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated143

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Portugal, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has not been designated144 143

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Portugal submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was not apparent143

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated143 by Portugal to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Portugal has declared145 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Portugal has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1955146

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies lists147 Portugal as a Participating State

BackgroundSustainable Development Goal Profile

About SDG 16

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are 17 goals set by the United Nations to be implemented by all member states by 2030. Adopted in 2015, they outline a vision of development in which peace and security are an integral part. SDG 16,148 which seeks to “promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development,” includes targets and indicators focused on reducing violence (Target 16.1) and the proliferation of illicit arms (Target 16.4). The indicators – or measurement criteria – of these targets include the number of victims of intentional homicide (Indicator 16.1.1), the number of conflict-related deaths (Indicator 16.1.2), and the number of illicit firearms collected and traced (Indicator 16.4.2). In light of these targets and indicators, GunPolicy.org provides granular national data pertaining to homicides, gun homicides, conflict deaths, disarmament efforts, and marking and tracing.

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Portugal, annual homicides by any means total

2018: 8121
2017: 76
2016: 66
2015: 100
2014: 92
2013: 144
2012: 122
2011: 114
2010: 124
2009: 130
2008: 124
2007: 185
2006: 15522 23 24
2005: 133
2004: 14422 23 25
2003: 149
2002: 11922 23
2001: 105
2000: 11622 23 26
1999: 10923 26
1998: 125
1997: 11423 27
1996: 106
1995: 40827

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Portugal, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2020: 0.9121
2019: 0.87
2018: 0.79
2017: 0.74
2016: 0.64
2015: 0.96
2014: 0.88
2013: 1.37
2012: 1.16
2011: 1.08
2010: 1.17
2009: 1.22
2008: 1.16
2007: 1.74
2006: 1.522 23 24
2005: 1.3
2004: 1.422 23 25
2003: 1.4
2002: 1.122 23
2001: 1.0
2000: 1.122 23 26
1999: 1.123 26
1998: 1.2
1997: 1.123 27
1996: 1.0
1995: 4.1127 23
1994: 2.9828

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Portugal, annual male homicides by any means total

2014: 4429
2013: 92
2012: 81
2011: 75
2010: 82
2009: 92
2008: 87
2007: 133

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Portugal, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.8929
2013: 1.85
2012: 1.61
2011: 1.48
2010: 1.62
2009: 1.80
2008: 1.72
2007: 2.60

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Portugal, annual female homicides by any means total

2014: 4829
2013: 52
2012: 41
2011: 39
2010: 42
2009: 38
2008: 36
2007: 52

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Portugal, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.8821
2013: 0.95
2012: 0.75
2011: 0.71
2010: 0.76
2009: 0.68
2008: 0.65
2007: 0.94

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Portugal, annual firearm homicides total

2014: 2514
2013: 29
2012: 28
2011: 19
2010: 51
2009: 3014 22 23
2008: 44
2007: 35
2006: 8122 23
2005: 68
2004: 7223
2003: 5714 23
2002: 6714
2001: 67
2000: 39
1999: 61
1998: 70
1997: 12627
1996: 130
1995: 132

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Portugal, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.2413
2013: 0.27
2012: 0.26
2011: 0.18
2010: 0.48
2009: 0.28
2008: 0.41
2007: 0.33
2006: 0.763 23
2005: 0.64
2004: 0.723
2003: 0.5414 23
2002: 0.6414
2001: 0.65
2000: 0.38
1999: 0.6
1998: 0.69
1997: 1.2727
1996: 1.31
1995: 1.33
1994: 1.2830

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Portugal, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2012: 37%22 31
2011: 20%22
2010: 36%
2009: 34%
2008: 44%
2007: 29%
2006: 52%
2005: 51%
2004: 50.0%23
2003: 53.0%

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Portugal, annual male firearm homicides total

2018: 513
2017: 7
2016: 13
2015: 18
2014: 9
2013: 17
2012: 17
2011: 13
2010: 31
2009: 18
2008: 26
2007: 16
2003: 35

Rate of Male Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Portugal, the annual rate of male firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2018: 0.1013
2017: 0.14
2016: 0.26
2015: 0.36
2014: 0.18
2013: 0.34
2012: 0.34
2011: 0.26
2010: 0.61
2009: 0.35
2008: 0.51
2007: 0.31
2006:
2005:
2004:
2003: 0.69
2001:
2000:

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Portugal, annual female firearm homicides total

2017: 213 32
2016: 1
2015: 6
2014: 7
2013: 5
2012: 3
2011: 5
2010: 16
2009: 7
2008: 11
2007: 7
2003: 9

Rate of Female Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Portugal, the annual rate of female firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2017: 0.0413
2016: 0.02
2015: 0.11
2014: 0.13
2013: 0.09
2012: 0.05
2011: 0.09
2010: 0.29
2009: 0.13
2008: 0.20
2007: 0.13
2006:
2005:
2004:
2003: 0.17
2001:
2000:

Conflict Deaths

For a profile of conflict in Portugal, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Disarmament

Authorities in Portugal are known to have149 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Surrendered in Gun Amnesty

ChartIn Portugal, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered in recent arms amnesty and collection programmes is reported to be

2021: 42,4487
2020: 20,000150
2019: 11,965
2016: 6,635
2014: 4,884150
2006: >6.000151

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn Portugal, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2020: 1,785152
2019: 11,637
2018: 7,536
2017: 5,925
2016: 6,754
2015: 8,772153
2013: 11,296154
2012: 10,797
2011: 6,723155
2010: 4,395
2009/14: 31,670156

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn Portugal, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2019: 32,996157
2018: 36,419
2016: 20,842158
2011: 585159

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Portugal, it is not state policy160 120 161 48 162 163 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

Marking and Tracing

Firearm Marking

In Portugal, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law164 78 165 166 38 167 168 169 170 171

Firearm Tracing

In Portugal, state authorities carry out172 164 173 118 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Global Peace Index

To see where Portugal ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index, and then click on Portugal on the map or in the "Select Country" menu on the right of the web page


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European Parliament.2021.‘Annex I.’ Directive (EU) 2021/555 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 24 March 2021 on control of the acquisition and possession of weapons (codification).Brussels:European Union,24 March. (Q14639)Full Citation

92.

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European Parliament.2021.‘Article 4(5)-(6).’ Directive (EU) 2021/555 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 24 March 2021 on control of the acquisition and possession of weapons (codification).Brussels:European Union,24 March. (Q14625)Full Citation

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