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Poland — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Poland is

2017: 968,0001
2014: 575,0002 3 4
2005: 510,0005

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Poland is

2017: 2.501
2014: 1.496 7 4
2005: 1.35

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

In Poland, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be 179,1188

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

In Poland, the number of handguns in civilian possession is reported to be 12,7168

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Poland ranked at No. 789

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Poland ranked at No. 1425

Proportion of Adults Living in a Home With a Gun

In Poland, the percentage of adults living in a household with a firearm is reported to be

2015: 2%10

Proportion of Households with Firearms

ChartIn Poland, the percentage of households with one or more guns is reported to be

2005: 4.4%11
1999/2003: 3.7%
1995/98: 4.7%
1992/94: 2.5%

Proportion of Households with Handguns

ChartIn Poland, the percentage of households with one or more handguns is reported to be

2005: 0.9%11
1999/2003: 1.3%
1995/98: 1.0%
1992/94: 1.1%

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

ChartThe number of licensed gun owners in Poland is reported to be

2014: 340,00012
1999: 131,2498

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in Poland is

2014: 0.896
1999: 0.34

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Poland is reported to be

2017: 380,0001
2014: 500,00012
2005: 314,6415

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in Poland is

2014: 1.306
2005: 0.82

Estimated Number of Illicit Firearms

ChartUnlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Poland there are estimated to be

2017: 588,0001
2014: 75,0002 13 4
2013: 300,000 to 500,00014

Estimated Rate of Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

ChartUnlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Poland the rate of illicit firearms per 100 people is estimated to be

2014: 0.196
2013: 1.29

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Poland are reported to have 307,20015 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Poland are reported to have 188,00016 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Poland, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 9317 18 19 20
2013: 98
2012: 10417 18 19 20 21
2011: 9917 18 19 20
2010: 9822
2009: 11617 18 19 20
2008: 114
2007: 116
2006: 97
2005: 121
2004: 141
2003: 154
2002: 182
2001: 160
2000: 211
1999: 221

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Poland, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.2423
2013: 0.25
2012: 0.27
2011: 0.26
2010: 0.25
2009: 0.306
2008: 0.30
2007: 0.30
2006: 0.25
2005: 0.31
2004: 0.37
2003: 0.40
2002: 0.47
2001: 0.41
2000: 0.55
1999: 0.57

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Poland, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 8623
2013: 87
2012: 95
2011: 85
2010: 93

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Poland, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 723
2013: 11
2012: 9
2011: 14
2010: 5

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Poland, annual homicides by any means total

2015: 28624
2014: 33623
2013: 423
2012: 371
2011: 407
2010: 353
2009: 493
2008: 460
2007: 525
2006: 49025 26
2005: 555
2004: 63325 27
2003: 662
2002: 71625 28
2001: 776
2000: 85525 29
1999: 1,82029
1998: 1,869
1997: 80730
1996: 873
1995: 853

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Poland, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.7424
2014: 0.2423
2013: 0.25
2012: 0.27
2011: 0.26
2010: 0.25
2009: 1.3
2008: 1.225 31 32
2007: 1.4
2006: 1.325 26 32
2005: 1.5
2004: 1.725 27 32
2003: 1.7
2002: 1.925 28 32
2001: 2.0
2000: 2.225 29 32
1999: 4.7029 32
1998: 4.83
1997: 2.0930 32
1996: 2.26
1995: 2.21

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Poland, annual male homicides by any means total

2014: 24723
2013: 304
2012: 272
2011: 281
2010: 245

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Poland, annual female homicides by any means total

2014: 8923
2013: 119
2012: 99
2011: 126
2010: 108

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Poland, annual firearm homicides total

2014: 2117
2013: 25
2012: 2017 21
2011: 16
2010: 9
2009: 1517 25 31
2008: 19
2007: 34
2006: 25
2005: 24
2004: 2617 31
2003: 47
2002: 74
2001: 58
2000: 7917
1999: 79
1998: 12129 31
1997: 10430
1996: 110
1995: 104

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Poland, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0523
2013: 0.06
2012: 0.05
2011: 0.04
2010: 0.02
2009: 0.0417 6 31
2008: 0.05
2007: 0.09
2006: 0.07
2005: 0.06
2004: 0.0717 31
2003: 0.12
2002: 0.2
2001: 0.15
2000: 0.2117
1999: 0.2
1998: 0.3129 31
1997: 0.2730
1996: 0.28
1995: 0.27

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Poland, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2012: 4%33
2011: 5%25
2010: 7%
2009: 7%
2008: 7%
2007: 10%
2006: 10%
2005: 10%
2004: 10.6%31
2003: 14.5%
2002: 15.5%
2001: 16.9%
1998: 14.2%

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Poland, annual male firearm homicides total

2015: 1823
2014: 18
2013: 19
2012: 14
2011: 10
2010: 8

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Poland, annual female firearm homicides total

2015: 323
2014: 3
2013: 6
2012: 6
2011: 6
2010: 1

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn Poland, annual handgun homicides total

2014: 217
2013: 8
2012: 5
2011: 3
2009: 1
2008: 6
2007: 5
2006: 4
2005: 4
2004: 2
2003: 3
2002: 12
2001: 5
2000: 11
1999: 21

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Poland, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0117
2013: 0.02
2012: 0.01
2011: 0.01
2009: 0.00
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.01
2002: 0.03
2001: 0.01
2000: 0.03
1999: 0.05

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn Poland, annual long gun homicides total

2013: 217
2012: 3
2011: 1
2010: 1
2009: 3
2007: 4
2006: 2
2005: 2
2003: 4
2002: 1
2001: 3
2000: 6
1999: 1

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Poland, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0117
2012: 0.01
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.00
2009: 0.01
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.01
2003: 0.01
2002: 0.00
2001: 0.01
2000: 0.02
1999: 0.00

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn Poland, annual gun homicides (other) total

2014: 1917
2013: 15
2012: 12
2011: 12
2010: 8
2009: 11
2008: 13
2007: 25
2006: 19
2005: 18
2004: 24
2003: 40
2002: 61
2001: 50
2000: 62
1999: 57

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Poland, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0517
2013: 0.04
2012: 0.03
2011: 0.03
2010: 0.02
2009: 0.03
2008: 0.03
2007: 0.07
2006: 0.05
2005: 0.05
2004: 0.06
2003: 0.10
2002: 0.16
2001: 0.13
2000: 0.16
1999: 0.15

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Poland, annual suicides by any means total

2014: 5,93323
2013: 6,215
2012: 6,365
2011: 6,112
2010: 6,342
1996: 5,44634

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Poland, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2014: 15.3723
2013: 16.09
2012: 16.48
2011: 15.82
2010: 16.42
1996: 14.1334

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Poland, annual male suicides by any means total

2014: 5,12223
2013: 5,375
2012: 5,555
2011: 5,352
2010: 5,506

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Poland, annual female suicides by any means total

2014: 81123
2013: 840
2012: 810
2011: 760
2010: 836

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Poland, annual firearm suicides total

2014: 3518
2013: 35
2012: 4218 21
2011: 3518
2010: 46
2009: 55
2008: 54
2007: 48
2006: 41
2005: 45
2004: 60
2003: 48
2002: 58
2001: 36
2000: 63
1999: 65

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Poland, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0923
2013: 0.09
2012: 0.11
2011: 0.09
2010: 0.12
2009: 0.14
2008: 0.14
2007: 0.13
2006: 0.11
2005: 0.12
2004: 0.16
2003: 0.13
2002: 0.15
2001: 0.09
2000: 0.16
1999: 0.17

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Poland, annual male firearm suicides total

2014: 3423
2013: 30
2012: 42
2011: 32
2010: 46

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Poland, annual female firearm suicides total

2014: 123
2013: 5
2012: 0
2011: 3
2010: 0

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn Poland, annual handgun suicides total

2014: 2018
2013: 15
2012: 15
2011: 8
2010: 16
2009: 11
2008: 17
2007: 12
2006: 10
2005: 14
2004: 17
2003: 13
2002: 21
2001: 9
2000: 13
1999: 16

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Poland, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0518
2013: 0.04
2012: 0.04
2011: 0.02
2010: 0.04
2009: 0.03
2008: 0.04
2007: 0.03
2006: 0.03
2005: 0.04
2004: 0.04
2003: 0.03
2002: 0.05
2001: 0.02
2000: 0.03
1999: 0.04

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn Poland, the number of long gun suicides is

2014: 418
2013: 7
2012: 6
2011: 10
2010: 6
2009: 14
2008: 8
2007: 10
2006: 14
2005: 9
2004: 12
2003: 11
2002: 12
2001: 5
2000: 20
1999: 19

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Poland, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0118
2013: 0.02
2012: 0.02
2011: 0.03
2010: 0.02
2009: 0.04
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.03
2006: 0.04
2005: 0.02
2004: 0.03
2003: 0.03
2002: 0.03
2001: 0.01
2000: 0.05
1999: 0.05

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn Poland, annual gun suicides (other) total

2014: 1118
2013: 13
2012: 21
2011: 17
2010: 24
2009: 30
2008: 29
2007: 26
2006: 17
2005: 22
2004: 31
2003: 24
2002: 25
2001: 22
2000: 30
1999: 30

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Poland, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0318
2013: 0.03
2012: 0.05
2011: 0.04
2010: 0.06
2009: 0.08
2008: 0.08
2007: 0.07
2006: 0.04
2005: 0.06
2004: 0.08
2003: 0.06
2002: 0.07
2001: 0.06
2000: 0.08
1999: 0.08

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Poland, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2014: 1419
2013: 4
2012: 1419 21
2011: 1019
2010: 7
2009: 11
2008: 12
2007: 6
2006: 6
2005: 2
2004: 8
2003: 9
2002: 8
2001: 10
2000: 15
1999: 14

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Poland, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0623
2013: 0.09
2012: 0.07
2011: 0.10
2010: 0.09
2009: 0.03
2008: 0.03
2007: 0.02
2006: 0.02
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.02
2003: 0.02
2002: 0.02
2001: 0.03
2000: 0.04
1999: 0.04

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Poland, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2014: 1123
2013: 4
2012: 13
2011: 9
2010: 5

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Poland, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2014: 323
2013: 0
2012: 1
2011: 1
2010: 2

Unintentional Handgun Deaths

ChartIn Poland, annual unintentional shooting deaths by handgun total

2012: 219
2011: 1
2010: 1
2009: 2
2008: 3
2007: 1
2006: 1
2004: 1
2003: 1
2002: 1
2001: 1
2000: 6
1999: 4

Rate of Unintentional Handgun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Poland, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by handgun per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.0119
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.00
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2004: 0.00
2003: 0.00
2002: 0.00
2001: 0.00
2000: 0.02
1999: 0.01

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn Poland, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2014: 1219
2013: 1
2012: 8
2011: 1
2009: 3
2008: 2
2007: 2
2006: 2
2005: 1
2004: 6
2003: 5
2002: 2
2001: 5
2000: 4
1999: 6

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Poland, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0319
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.02
2011: 0.00
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.00
2004: 0.02
2003: 0.01
2002: 0.01
2001: 0.01
2000: 0.01
1999: 0.02

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn Poland, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2014: 219
2013: 3
2012: 4
2011: 8
2010: 6
2009: 6
2008: 7
2007: 3
2006: 3
2005: 1
2004: 1
2003: 3
2002: 5
2001: 4
2000: 5
1999: 4

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Poland, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0119
2013: 0.01
2012: 0.01
2011: 0.02
2010: 0.02
2009: 0.02
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.00
2004: 0.00
2003: 0.01
2002: 0.01
2001: 0.01
2000: 0.01
1999: 0.01

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Poland, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 2320
2013: 34
2012: 2820 21
2011: 3820
2010: 36
2009: 35
2008: 29
2007: 28
2006: 25
2005: 50
2004: 47
2003: 50
2002: 42
2001: 56
2000: 54
1999: 63

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Poland, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0620
2013: 0.09
2012: 0.0720 6
2011: 0.1020
2010: 0.09
2009: 0.09
2008: 0.08
2007: 0.07
2006: 0.07
2005: 0.13
2004: 0.12
2003: 0.13
2002: 0.11
2001: 0.15
2000: 0.14
1999: 0.16

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Poland, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 2323
2013: 34
2012: 26
2011: 34
2010: 34

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Poland, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 023
2013: 0
2012: 2
2011: 4
2010: 2

Handgun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Poland, annual deaths by handgun in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 520
2013: 1
2012: 5
2011: 3
2010: 3
2009: 10
2008: 6
2007: 4
2006: 3
2004: 2
2003: 4
2002: 2
2001: 8
2000: 4
1999: 9

Rate of Handgun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Poland, the annual rate of unknown-cause handgun deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0120
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.01
2011: 0.01
2010: 0.01
2009: 0.03
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.01
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.01
2002: 0.01
2001: 0.02
2000: 0.01
1999: 0.02

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Poland, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 320
2013: 3
2012: 3
2011: 6
2010: 5
2009: 5
2008: 3
2007: 4
2006: 1
2005: 6
2004: 6
2003: 9
2002: 6
2001: 8
2000: 9
1999: 3

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Poland, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0120
2013: 0.01
2012: 0.01
2011: 0.02
2010: 0.01
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.00
2005: 0.02
2004: 0.02
2003: 0.02
2002: 0.02
2001: 0.02
2000: 0.02
1999: 0.01

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Poland, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 1520
2013: 30
2012: 20
2011: 29
2010: 28
2009: 20
2008: 20
2007: 20
2006: 21
2005: 44
2004: 39
2003: 37
2002: 34
2001: 40
2000: 41
1999: 51

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Poland, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0420
2013: 0.08
2012: 0.05
2011: 0.08
2010: 0.07
2009: 0.05
2008: 0.05
2007: 0.05
2006: 0.06
2005: 0.12
2004: 0.10
2003: 0.10
2002: 0.09
2001: 0.10
2000: 0.11
1999: 0.13

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Poland, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence35 36 37

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, Poland was ranked 'medium'38

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Poland, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Poland is reported by Customs to be US$12,856,51648 (2011)49

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Poland was categorized as 'major'50 51 52

Firearm Imports

In Poland, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Poland is reported by Customs to be US$49,497,19848 (2011)53 54 55 56

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Poland is moderate8

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Poland, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law57 42 58 59

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Poland include40 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

ChartIn its annual Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer, the Small Arms Survey compares public reporting among major arms exporting nations on a scale from strong to weak (25 to zero). In recent years, Poland scored

2018: 17.2560
2016: 16.5061
2014: 14.2562
2013: 14.2563
2012: 12.7564
2011: 15.0065
2010: 14.0066
2009: 13.2567
2008: 13.7568
2007: 13.2569
2006: 12.0070
2005: 13.7571
2004: 9.0072

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Poland is categorised as restrictive73

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Poland includes the Law of May 21, 1999 on arms and ammunition,74 the Law of June 22, 2001 on economic activity in the sphere of manufacturing of and trade in explosives, arms, ammunition and technology of military or police use,37 the Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons,75 76 the European Union Firearms Regulation of 2012 and the Common Position on the Control of Arms Brokering of 200377

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Poland are regulated by the European Commission76

Right to Possess Firearms

In Poland, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law78 79

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Poland, civilians are not allowed to possess automatic firearms, firearms disguised as other objects, and armour-piercing, incendiary and expanding ammunition80 81

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Poland, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited80 81 33

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Poland, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted only with special authorisation82 83 81

Regulation of Handguns

In Poland, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted only with special authorisation, for hunting, shooting and protection only80 82 83 81 33

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Poland, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law33

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Poland, only licensed gun owners84 80 82 12 33 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Poland are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting, target shooting, personal protection, security85 12

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Poland is 18 years85

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Poland must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental health and domestic violence85 12 33 records

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Poland stipulates8 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Poland, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required8 for a firearm licence

Licensing Records

In Poland, authorities maintain a record8 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Poland are permitted to possess only ammunition suitable for the intended firearm86

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Poland, the law requires87 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Poland, licensed firearm dealers are required88 87 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Poland, licensed gun makers are required36 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Poland, State agencies are required89 90 91 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Poland, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful92 83

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Poland include8 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Poland include89 90 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Poland include8 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Poland, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law93 40 94

Firearm Tracing

In Poland, state authorities do not carry out95 94 87 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Poland, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law33

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Poland, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed without a permit8

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn Poland, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2013: 1,56796
2012: 1,850
2011: 1,577
2010: 2,269

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Poland, it is not state policy97 90 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

European Union

As a member of the European Union, Poland is bound by the provisions of the ‘EU Firearms Directive’ – the 2007 Legislative Resolution on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons of the European Parliament98 99

European Union Export Reporting

Under the European Union Common Position on Arms Exports, Poland is bound to declare its transfers of military technology and equipment. Independent monitoring provides detailed comparisons of arms export reporting compliance across EU member states, and records that Poland has submitted one or more national reports100 on its arms transfers

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was not signed101 by Poland.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified102 by Poland

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified103 by Poland

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Poland committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects104

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Poland against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 15105 106 107 108 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Poland has submitted one or more national reports109 110 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Poland, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated111 110

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Poland, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has not been designated111 110

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Poland submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was not apparent111 110

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been donated110 by Poland to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Poland has declared112 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Poland has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1945113

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies lists114 Poland as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Poland, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Poland ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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