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Philippines — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in the Philippines is between 2,666,4181 and 3,977,2371 2

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in the Philippines is between 2.481 and 3.701 2

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

In the Philippines, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be 68,7383

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

In the Philippines, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be 78,6893

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

In the Philippines, the number of handguns in civilian possession is reported to be 325,5643

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, the Philippines ranked at No. 204

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, the Philippines ranked at No. 1055

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

ChartThe number of licensed gun owners in the Philippines is reported to be

2019: 296,9061
1999: 358,9343

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in the Philippines is

2019: 0.281
1999: 0.483

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in the Philippines is reported to be

2019: 1,940,2371
2017: 1,739,0002
2014: 1,592,4356
2002: 814,5627
1999: 358,9343

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in the Philippines is

2019: 1.801
2017: 1.698
2014: 1.60
2002: 1.02
1999: 0.48

Estimated Number of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms

Unregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,9 but in the Philippines there are estimated to be between 726,1811 and 2,037,0002

Estimated Rate of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

Unregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,9 but in the Philippines the rate of such firearms per 100 people is estimated to be between 0.681 and 1.892

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of the Philippines are reported to have 454,70010 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in the Philippines are reported to have 139,04311 12 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn the Philippines, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2011: 7,30913
2010: 6,895
2009: 6,989
2008: 7,046
2007: 6,866

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Philippines, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2011: 7.7213
2010: 7.40
2009: 7.63
2008: 7.83
2007: 7.77

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn the Philippines, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2011: 6,72413
2010: 6,385
2009: 6,512
2008: 6,526
2007: 6,434

Rate of Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Philippines, the annual rate of male gun death per 100,000 population is

2011: 14.1513
2010: 13.66
2009: 14.17
2008: 14.45
2007: 14.52

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn the Philippines, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2011: 58513
2010: 510
2009: 477
2008: 520
2007: 432

Rate of Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Philippines, the annual rate of female gun death per 100,000 population is

2011: 1.2413
2010: 1.10
2009: 1.05
2008: 1.16
2007: 0.98

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn the Philippines, annual homicides by any means total

2016: 11,38514
2015: 9,643
2014: 9,756
2013: 9,153
2012: 8,48415
2011: 11,98413
2010: 12,318
2009: 12,249
2008: 12,523
2007: 12,601
2006: 6,19615 16 17
2005: 6,434
2004: 6,34415 16 18
2003: 6,436
2002: 6,55315 16
2001: 5,852
2000: 5,735
1999: 5,70316
1998: 5,913

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn the Philippines, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 11.0914
2015: 9.55
2014: 9.82
2013: 9.36
2012: 8.82
2011: 12.6613
2010: 13.23
2009: 13.37
2008: 13.91
2007: 14.26
2006: 7.1
2005: 7.5
2004: 7.5
2003: 7.8
2002: 8.1
2001: 7.4
2000: 7.4
1999: 7.516 19
1998: 8.0
1997: 14.6319

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn the Philippines, annual male homicides by any means total

2016: 13,66220
2012: 7,39721
2011: 10,90313
2010: 11,302
2009: 11,297
2008: 11,477
2007: 11,650

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn the Philippines, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2012: 15.1321
2011: 22.9413
2010: 24.18
2009: 24.58
2008: 25.41
2007: 26.28

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn the Philippines, annual female homicides by any means total

2012: 1,08721
2011: 1,08113
2010: 1,016
2009: 952
2008: 1,046
2007: 951

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn the Philippines, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2012: 2.2621
2011: 2.2913
2010: 2.19
2009: 2.09
2008: 2.33
2007: 2.16

Gun Homicides

ChartIn the Philippines, annual firearm homicides total

2011: 7,21413
2010: 6,767
2009: 6,883
2008: 6,87922
2007: 6,649
2003: 7,34916
2002: 7,70823
2001: 6,169

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Philippines, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2011: 7.6213
2010: 7.27
2009: 7.52
2008: 7.64
2007: 7.53
2003: 8.916
2002: 3.2423
2001: 3.25

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn the Philippines, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2011: 56%24
2003: 49.9%16

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn the Philippines, annual male firearm homicides total

2011: 6,63713
2010: 6,271
2009: 6,413
2008: 6,368
2007: 6,238

Rate of Male Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Philippines, the annual rate of male firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2011: 13.9613
2010: 13.41
2009: 13.95
2008: 14.10
2007: 14.07

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn the Philippines, annual female firearm homicides total

2011: 57713
2010: 496
2009: 470
2008: 511
2007: 411

Rate of Female Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Philippines, the annual rate of female firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2011: 1.2213
2010: 1.07
2009: 1.03
2008: 1.14
2007: 0.93

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn the Philippines, annual suicides by any means total

2016: 3,26325
2015: 3,288
2010: 3,127
2000: 1,967

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn the Philippines, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 3.1825
2015: 3.26
2010: 3.36
2000: 2.57

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn the Philippines, annual male suicides by any means total

2016: 2,25525
2015: 2,291
2010: 2,242
2000: 1,367

Rate of Male Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn the Philippines, the annual rate of male suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 4.3825
2015: 4.52
2010: 4.80
2000: 3.56

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn the Philippines, annual female suicides by any means total

2016: 1,00825
2015: 997
2010: 885
2000: 601

Rate of Female Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn the Philippines, the annual rate of female suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 1.9725
2015: 1.98
2010: 1.91
2000: 1.58

Gun Suicides

ChartIn the Philippines, annual firearm suicides total

2011: 2613
2010: 13
2009: 16
2008: 3022
2007: 28

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Philippines, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.0313
2010: 0.01
2009: 0.02
2008: 0.03
2007: 0.03

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn the Philippines, annual male firearm suicides total

2011: 2313
2010: 12
2009: 15
2008: 29
2007: 23

Rate of Male Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Philippines, the annual rate of male firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.0513
2010: 0.03
2009: 0.03
2008: 0.06
2007: 0.05

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn the Philippines, annual female firearm suicides total

2011: 313
2010: 1
2009: 1
2008: 1
2007: 5

Rate of Female Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Philippines, the annual rate of female firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.0113
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0.01

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn the Philippines, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2011: 2413
2010: 42
2009: 28
2008: 3622
2007: 70

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Philippines, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.0313
2010: 0.05
2009: 0.03
2008: 0.04
2007: 0.08

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn the Philippines, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2011: 2213
2010: 37
2009: 26
2008: 34
2007: 60

Rate of Unintentional Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Philippines, the annual rate of unintentional male shooting death per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.0513
2010: 0.08
2009: 0.06
2008: 0.08
2007: 0.14

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn the Philippines, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2011: 213
2010: 5
2009: 2
2008: 2
2007: 10

Rate of Unintentional Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Philippines, the annual rate of unintentional female shooting death per 100,000 population is

2011: 013
2010: 0.01
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0.02

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn the Philippines, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2011: 1013
2010: 11
2009: 13
2008: 1822
2007: 28

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Philippines, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.0113
2010: 0.01
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.03

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn the Philippines, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2011: 813
2010: 9
2009: 12
2008: 16
2007: 24

Rate of Male Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Philippines, the annual rate of unknown-cause male shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.0213
2010: 0.02
2009: 0.03
2008: 0.04
2007: 0.05

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn the Philippines, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2011: 213
2010: 2
2009: 1
2008: 2
2007: 4

Rate of Female Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Philippines, the annual rate of unknown-cause female shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2011: 013
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0.01

Legal Intervention Gun Homicides

ChartIn the Philippines, annual legal-intervention gun homicides total

2011: 3513
2010: 62
2009: 49
2008: 83
2007: 91

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In the Philippines, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35

Number of Small Arms Manufactured

The reported annual number of small arms manufactured in the Philippines is

2013: 120,000+36 37

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, the Philippines was ranked 'small'38

Home-made Guns

In the Philippines, the prevalence of illicit craft, or 'home-made' firearm manufacture is reported to be high39 40 41

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In the Philippines, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law28 29 31 42 43 44

Firearm Exports (Number)

The annual number of firearms exported from the Philippines is reported by manufacturers to be

2008: 299,73945

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

ChartThe annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from the Philippines is reported by Customs to be US$

2016: 28,000,00046
2015: 23,400,000
2014: 43,500,000
2013: 88,365,264
2012: 56,720,16647 48
2011: 19,800,73549
2010: 22,000,00050

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, the Philippines was categorized as 'major'51 52 53 54

Firearm Imports

In the Philippines, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law28 29 30 31 55 56 57 42 43 44

Firearm Imports (Number)

The annual number of firearms imported to the Philippines is reported to be

2008: 60,91445

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

ChartThe annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to the Philippines is reported by Customs to be US$

2016: 41,200,00058
2015: 36,000,000
2014: 76,600,000
2013: 90,863,99047
2012: 75,845,270 59 60
2011: 27,266,39149 61
2010: 32,000,00062

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in the Philippines is high63 64 65

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In the Philippines, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law66 44

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in the Philippines include29 42 67 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

ChartIn its annual Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer, the Small Arms Survey compares public reporting among major arms exporting nations on a scale from strong to weak (25 to zero). In recent years, the Philippines scored

2019: 10.2568
2018: 9.0069
2017: 8.7570
2016: 8.2571
2014: 8.2572
2013: 8.2573
2012: 8.2574
2011: 9.0075
2010: 8.5076
2009: 9.2577
2008: 8.5078
2007: 8.5079
2006: 8.7580
2005: 9.2581
2004: 8.7582

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in the Philippines is categorised as restrictive83

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in the Philippines includes the Comprehensive Firearms and Ammunition Regulation Act No. 10591 of 201384 44 and the Implementing Rules and Regulations of Republic Act No. 1059185

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in the Philippines are regulated by the Chief of the Philippine National Police, through the Firearms and Explosives Office86 87 and the Secretary of the Department of the Interior and Local Government27

Right to Possess Firearms

In the Philippines, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law88 89 84

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In the Philippines, civilians are not allowed to possess automatic firearms90 91

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In the Philippines, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited90 91 24

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In the Philippines, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted subject to a valid licence92

Regulation of Handguns

In the Philippines, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence90 91 24

Law Regulates Long Guns

In the Philippines, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law90 91 24

Gun Ownership and Possession

In the Philippines, only licensed gun owners93 94 95 96 24 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in the Philippines are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example sports,94 personal protection, security97 98

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in the Philippines is 21 years93 94 99 100

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in the Philippines must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental health, and addiction93 94 101 100 24 records

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in the Philippines stipulates102 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In the Philippines, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required93 94 100 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In the Philippines, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every two years103 101

Licensing Records

In the Philippines, authorities maintain a record104 105 92 106 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in the Philippines are permitted to possess from two to fifteen firearms (and more for collectors)107 96

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in the Philippines are permitted to possess maximum 50 rounds of ammunition108 109 99

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In the Philippines, the law requires110 111 103 101 95 87 104 106 112 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In the Philippines, licensed firearm dealers are required55 56 57 43 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In the Philippines, licensed gun makers are required30 31 55 56 33 87 34 43 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In the Philippines, State agencies are required113 114 87 115 116 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In the Philippines, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited117 118 91

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In the Philippines, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful26 27 119 57 117 118 91

Number of Licensed Gun Dealers

ChartThe number of licensed firearm dealers in the Philippines is reported to be

2019: 3521
2013: 600-80036

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in the Philippines include107 96 95 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in the Philippines include27 33 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in the Philippines include120 115 106 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in the Philippines include121 99 29 57 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In the Philippines, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law97 98 24

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In the Philippines, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is prohibited98

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In the Philippines, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place allowed, subject to a valid permit97

Gun Free Zones

In the Philippines, private guns are prohibited in places of worship, commercial and public establishments. A total ban on firearms takes place for six months during election years98 39

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In the Philippines, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm122 is 10 years in prison123 124 125 126 127 128

MeasuresInternational Controls

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 2008129 by the Philippines.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed, but not yet ratified130 by the Philippines

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has not been signed131 by the Philippines

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, the Philippines committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects132

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored the Philippines against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 21133 134 135 136 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, the Philippines have submitted one or more national reports137 44 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In the Philippines, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated138 44

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In the Philippines, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated44

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of the Philippines submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent44

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated44 by the Philippines to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided44 to the Philippines by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, the Philippines have declared139 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, the Philippines have been a Member State of the United Nations since 1945140

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list141 the Philippines as a Participating State

BackgroundSustainable Development Goal Profile

About SDG 16

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are 17 goals set by the United Nations to be implemented by all member states by 2030. Adopted in 2015, they outline a vision of development in which peace and security are an integral part. SDG 16,142 which seeks to “promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development,” includes targets and indicators focused on reducing violence (Target 16.1) and the proliferation of illicit arms (Target 16.4). The indicators – or measurement criteria – of these targets include the number of victims of intentional homicide (Indicator 16.1.1), the number of conflict-related deaths (Indicator 16.1.2), and the number of illicit firearms collected and traced (Indicator 16.4.2). In light of these targets and indicators, GunPolicy.org provides granular national data pertaining to homicides, gun homicides, conflict deaths, disarmament efforts, and marking and tracing.

Conflict Deaths

For a profile of conflict in the Philippines, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Disarmament

Authorities in the Philippines are known to have143 144 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Surrendered in Gun Amnesty

In the Philippines, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered in recent arms amnesty and collection programmes is reported to be

2003: 500144

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn the Philippines, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2017: 1,656145
2016: 16,091146 147
2015: 12,133148
2014: 10,551149
2013: 13,761150 151
2012: 8,132152 153 154
2007: 203155 156
2002: 45,000157

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn the Philippines, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2007: 32,726158 155 156
2001: 6,500157

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In the Philippines, it is state policy159 157 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

Marking and Tracing

Firearm Marking

In the Philippines, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law31 160 34 161

Firearm Tracing

In the Philippines, state authorities carry out162 161 163 106 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In the Philippines, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are114 111 31 104 recorded in a register

Global Peace Index

To see where the Philippines ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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