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Philippines — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in the Philippines is

2017: 3,776,0001
2014: 2,227,5912
2007: 3,900,0003
2002: 1,098,6864

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in the Philippines is

2017: 3.621
2014: 2.245
2007: 4.73
2002: 1.38

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

In the Philippines, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be 68,7386

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

In the Philippines, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be 78,6896

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

In the Philippines, the number of handguns in civilian possession is reported to be 325,5646

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, the Philippines ranked at No. 207

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, the Philippines ranked at No. 1053

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

ChartThe number of licensed gun owners in the Philippines is reported to be

2014: 1,700,0008
1999: 358,9346

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in the Philippines is

2014: 1.715
1999: 0.48

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in the Philippines is reported to be

2017: 1,739,0001
2014: 1,592,4352
2002: 814,5624
1999: 358,9346

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in the Philippines is

2017: 1.695
2014: 1.60
2002: 1.02
1999: 0.48

Estimated Number of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms

ChartUnregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,9 but in the Philippines there are estimated to be

2017: 2,037,0001
2013: 1,905,67910
2012: 610,00011
2002: 284,1004
1999: 160,7506

Estimated Rate of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

ChartUnregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,9 but in the Philippines the rate of such firearms per 100 people is estimated to be

2017: 1.955
2013: 1.95
2012: 0.63
2002: 0.38
1999: 0.21

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of the Philippines are reported to have 454,70012 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in the Philippines are reported to have 139,04313 14 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn the Philippines, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2011: 7,27415
2010: 6,833
2008: 6,96316

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Philippines, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2011: 7.6815
2010: 7.34
2008: 7.216

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn the Philippines, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2011: 6,69015
2010: 6,329

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn the Philippines, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2011: 58415
2010: 504

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn the Philippines, annual homicides by any means total

2014: 9,75617
2013: 9,153
2012: 8,48418
2011: 11,98415
2010: 12,318
2009: 6,36818 19
2008: 5,820
2007: 5,739
2006: 6,19618 19 20
2005: 6,434
2004: 6,34418 19 21
2003: 6,436
2002: 6,55318 19
2001: 5,852
2000: 5,735
1999: 5,70319
1998: 5,913

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn the Philippines, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2014: 9.8417
2013: 9.38
2012: 8.84
2011: 7.6815
2010: 7.34
2009: 6.918 19
2008: 6.418 19 22
2007: 6.5
2006: 7.1
2005: 7.5
2004: 7.5
2003: 7.8
2002: 8.1
2001: 7.4
2000: 7.4
1999: 7.519 22
1998: 8.0
1997: 14.6322

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn the Philippines, annual male homicides by any means total

2016: 13,66223
2012: 7,39724
2011: 10,90315
2010: 11,302

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn the Philippines, annual female homicides by any means total

2012: 1,08724
2011: 1,08115
2010: 1,016

Gun Homicides

ChartIn the Philippines, annual firearm homicides total

2011: 7,21415
2010: 6,767
2008: 6,87916
2003: 7,34919
2002: 7,70825
2001: 6,169

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Philippines, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2011: 7.6215
2010: 7.27
2008: 7.216
2003: 8.919
2002: 3.2425
2001: 3.25

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn the Philippines, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2011: 56%26
2003: 49.9%19

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn the Philippines, annual male firearm homicides total

2011: 6,63715
2010: 6,271

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn the Philippines, annual female firearm homicides total

2011: 57715
2010: 496

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn the Philippines, annual suicides by any means total

2011: 2,44915
2010: 2,118
1993: 85127

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn the Philippines, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2011: 2.5915
2010: 2.27
1993: 1.0627

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn the Philippines, annual male suicides by any means total

2011: 1,87915
2010: 1,630

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn the Philippines, annual female suicides by any means total

2011: 57015
2010: 488

Gun Suicides

ChartIn the Philippines, annual firearm suicides total

2011: 2615
2010: 13
2008: 3016

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Philippines, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.0315
2010: 0.01
2008: 0.016

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn the Philippines, annual male firearm suicides total

2011: 2315
2010: 12

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn the Philippines, annual female firearm suicides total

2011: 315
2010: 1

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn the Philippines, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2011: 2415
2010: 42
2008: 3616

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Philippines, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.0115
2010: 0.01
2008: 0.045

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn the Philippines, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2011: 2215
2010: 37

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn the Philippines, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2011: 215
2010: 5

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn the Philippines, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2011: 1015
2010: 11
2008: 1816

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

In the Philippines, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2008: 0.025

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn the Philippines, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2011: 815
2010: 9

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn the Philippines, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2011: 215
2010: 2

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In the Philippines, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37

Number of Small Arms Manufactured

The reported annual number of small arms manufactured in the Philippines is

2013: 120,000+38 39

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, the Philippines was ranked 'small'40

Home-made Guns

In the Philippines, the prevalence of illicit craft, or 'home-made' firearm manufacture is reported to be high41 42 43

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In the Philippines, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law30 31 33 44 45 46

Firearm Exports (Number)

The annual number of firearms exported from the Philippines is reported by manufacturers to be

2008: 299,73947

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

ChartThe annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from the Philippines is reported by Customs to be US$

2016: 75,097,48448
2015: 49,737,598
2014: 64,794,330
2013: 88,365,264
2012: 56,720,16648 49
2011: 19,800,73550
2010: 22,000,00051

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, the Philippines was categorized as 'major'52 53 54 55

Firearm Imports

In the Philippines, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law30 31 32 33 56 57 58 44 45 46

Firearm Imports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms imported to the Philippines is reported to be

2017: 22247
2016: 6,740
2014: 236
2013: 300
2012: 2,144
2011: 2,274
2010: 3,007
2009: 372
2008: 60,914
2007: 589
2006: 89

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

ChartThe annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to the Philippines is reported by Customs to be US$

2016: 34,817,81648
2015: 43,042,284
2014: 131,646,398
2013: 90,863,990
2012: 75,845,27048 59 60
2011: 27,266,39150 61
2010: 32,000,00062

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in the Philippines is high63 64

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In the Philippines, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law65 46

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in the Philippines include31 44 66 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

ChartIn its annual Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer, the Small Arms Survey compares public reporting among major arms exporting nations on a scale from strong to weak (25 to zero). In recent years, the Philippines scored

2018: 9.0067
2017: 8.7568
2016: 8.2569
2014: 8.2570
2013: 8.2571
2012: 8.2572
2011: 9.0073
2010: 8.5074
2009: 9.2575
2008: 8.5076
2007: 8.5077
2006: 8.7578
2005: 9.2579
2004: 8.7580

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in the Philippines is categorised as restrictive81

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in the Philippines includes the Comprehensive Firearms and Ammunition Regulation Act No. 10591 of 201382 46 and the Implementing Rules and Regulations of Republic Act No. 1059183

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in the Philippines are regulated by the Chief of the Philippine National Police, through the Firearms and Explosives Office84 85 and the Secretary of the Department of the Interior and Local Government29

Right to Possess Firearms

In the Philippines, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law86 87 82

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In the Philippines, civilians are not allowed to possess automatic firearms88 89

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In the Philippines, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited88 89 26

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In the Philippines, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted subject to a valid licence90

Regulation of Handguns

In the Philippines, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence88 89 26

Law Regulates Long Guns

In the Philippines, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law88 89 26

Gun Ownership and Possession

In the Philippines, only licensed gun owners91 92 93 94 26 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in the Philippines are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example sports,92 personal protection, security95 96

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in the Philippines is 21 years91 92 97 98

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in the Philippines must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental health, and addiction91 92 99 98 26 records

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in the Philippines stipulates100 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In the Philippines, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required91 92 98 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In the Philippines, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every two years101 99

Licensing Records

In the Philippines, authorities maintain a record102 103 90 104 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in the Philippines are permitted to possess from two to fifteen firearms (and more for collectors)105 94

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in the Philippines are permitted to possess maximum 50 rounds of ammunition106 107 97

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In the Philippines, the law requires108 109 101 99 93 85 102 104 110 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In the Philippines, licensed firearm dealers are required56 57 58 45 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In the Philippines, licensed gun makers are required32 33 56 57 35 85 36 45 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In the Philippines, State agencies are required111 112 85 113 114 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In the Philippines, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited115 116 89

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In the Philippines, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful28 29 117 58 115 116 89

Number of Licensed Gun Dealers

The number of licensed firearm dealers in the Philippines is reported to be

2013: 600-80038

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in the Philippines include105 94 93 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in the Philippines include29 35 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in the Philippines include118 113 104 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in the Philippines include119 97 31 58 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In the Philippines, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law33 120 36 121

Firearm Tracing

In the Philippines, state authorities carry out122 121 123 104 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In the Philippines, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are112 109 33 102 recorded in a register

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In the Philippines, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law95 96 26

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In the Philippines, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is prohibited96

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In the Philippines, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place allowed, subject to a valid permit95

Gun Free Zones

In the Philippines, private guns are prohibited in places of worship, commercial and public establishments. A total ban on firearms takes place for six months during election years96 41

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In the Philippines, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm124 is 10 years in prison125 126 127 128 129 130

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in the Philippines are known to have131 132 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Surrendered in Gun Amnesty

In the Philippines, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered in recent arms amnesty and collection programmes is reported to be

2003: 500132

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn the Philippines, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2017: 1,656133
2016: 16,091134 135
2015: 12,133136
2014: 10,551137
2013: 13,761138 139
2012: 8,132140 141 142
2007: 203143 144
2002: 45,000145

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn the Philippines, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2007: 32,726146 143 144
2001: 6,500145

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In the Philippines, it is state policy147 145 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 2008148 by the Philippines.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed, but not yet ratified149 by the Philippines

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has not been signed150 by the Philippines

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, the Philippines committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects151

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored the Philippines against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 21152 153 154 155 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, the Philippines have submitted one or more national reports156 46 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In the Philippines, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated157 46

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In the Philippines, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated46

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of the Philippines submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent46

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated46 by the Philippines to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided46 to the Philippines by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, the Philippines have declared158 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, the Philippines have been a Member State of the United Nations since 1945159

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list160 the Philippines as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in the Philippines, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where the Philippines ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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