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Philippines — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in the Philippines is

2017: 3,776,0001
2014: 2,227,5912
2007: 3,900,0003
2002: 1,098,6864

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in the Philippines is

2017: 3.621
2014: 2.245
2007: 4.73
2002: 1.38

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

In the Philippines, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be 68,7386

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

In the Philippines, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be 78,6896

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

In the Philippines, the number of handguns in civilian possession is reported to be 325,5646

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, the Philippines ranked at No. 207

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, the Philippines ranked at No. 1053

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

ChartThe number of licensed gun owners in the Philippines is reported to be

2014: 1,700,0008
1999: 358,9346

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in the Philippines is

2014: 1.715
1999: 0.48

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in the Philippines is reported to be

2017: 1,739,0001
2014: 1,592,4352
2002: 814,5624
1999: 358,9346

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in the Philippines is

2017: 1.695
2014: 1.60
2002: 1.02
1999: 0.48

Estimated Number of Illicit Firearms

ChartUnlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in the Philippines there are estimated to be

2017: 2,037,0001
2013: 1,905,6799
2012: 610,00010
2002: 284,1004
1999: 160,7506

Estimated Rate of Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

ChartUnlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in the Philippines the rate of illicit firearms per 100 people is estimated to be

2017: 1.955
2013: 1.95
2012: 0.63
2002: 0.38
1999: 0.21

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of the Philippines are reported to have 454,70011 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in the Philippines are reported to have 139,04312 13 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn the Philippines, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2011: 7,27414
2010: 6,833
2008: 6,96315

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Philippines, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2011: 7.6814
2010: 7.34
2008: 7.215

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn the Philippines, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2011: 6,69014
2010: 6,329

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn the Philippines, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2011: 58414
2010: 504

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn the Philippines, annual homicides by any means total

2014: 9,75616
2013: 9,153
2012: 8,48417
2011: 11,98414
2010: 12,318
2009: 6,36817 18
2008: 5,820
2007: 5,739
2006: 6,19617 18 19
2005: 6,434
2004: 6,34417 18 20
2003: 6,436
2002: 6,55317 18
2001: 5,852
2000: 5,735
1999: 5,70318
1998: 5,913

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn the Philippines, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2014: 9.8416
2013: 9.38
2012: 8.84
2011: 7.6814
2010: 7.34
2009: 6.917 18
2008: 6.417 18 21
2007: 6.5
2006: 7.1
2005: 7.5
2004: 7.5
2003: 7.8
2002: 8.1
2001: 7.4
2000: 7.4
1999: 7.518 21
1998: 8.0
1997: 14.6321

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn the Philippines, annual male homicides by any means total

2016: 13,66222
2012: 7,39723
2011: 10,90314
2010: 11,302

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn the Philippines, annual female homicides by any means total

2012: 1,08723
2011: 1,08114
2010: 1,016

Gun Homicides

ChartIn the Philippines, annual firearm homicides total

2011: 7,21414
2010: 6,767
2008: 6,87915
2003: 7,34918
2002: 7,70824
2001: 6,169

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Philippines, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2011: 7.6214
2010: 7.27
2008: 7.215
2003: 8.918
2002: 3.2424
2001: 3.25

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn the Philippines, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2011: 56%25
2003: 49.9%18

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn the Philippines, annual male firearm homicides total

2011: 6,63714
2010: 6,271

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn the Philippines, annual female firearm homicides total

2011: 57714
2010: 496

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn the Philippines, annual suicides by any means total

2011: 2,44914
2010: 2,118
1993: 85126

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn the Philippines, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2011: 2.5914
2010: 2.27
1993: 1.0626

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn the Philippines, annual male suicides by any means total

2011: 1,87914
2010: 1,630

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn the Philippines, annual female suicides by any means total

2011: 57014
2010: 488

Gun Suicides

ChartIn the Philippines, annual firearm suicides total

2011: 2614
2010: 13
2008: 3015

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Philippines, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.0314
2010: 0.01
2008: 0.015

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn the Philippines, annual male firearm suicides total

2011: 2314
2010: 12

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn the Philippines, annual female firearm suicides total

2011: 314
2010: 1

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn the Philippines, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2011: 2414
2010: 42
2008: 3615

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Philippines, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.0114
2010: 0.01
2008: 0.045

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn the Philippines, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2011: 2214
2010: 37

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn the Philippines, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2011: 214
2010: 5

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn the Philippines, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2011: 1014
2010: 11
2008: 1815

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

In the Philippines, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2008: 0.025

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn the Philippines, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2011: 814
2010: 9

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn the Philippines, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2011: 214
2010: 2

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In the Philippines, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36

Number of Small Arms Manufactured

The reported annual number of small arms manufactured in the Philippines is

2013: 120,000+37 38

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, the Philippines was ranked 'small'39

Home-made Guns

In the Philippines, the prevalence of illicit craft, or 'home-made' firearm manufacture is reported to be high40 41 42

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In the Philippines, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law29 30 32 43 44 45

Firearm Exports (Number)

The annual number of firearms exported from the Philippines is reported by manufacturers to be

2008: 299,73946

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

ChartThe annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from the Philippines is reported by Customs to be US$

2016: 75,097,48447
2015: 49,737,598
2014: 64,794,330
2013: 88,365,264
2012: 56,720,16647 48
2011: 19,800,73549
2010: 22,000,00050

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, the Philippines was categorized as 'major'51 52 53 54

Firearm Imports

In the Philippines, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law29 30 31 32 55 56 57 43 44 45

Firearm Imports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms imported to the Philippines is reported to be

2017: 22246
2016: 6,740
2014: 236
2013: 300
2012: 2,144
2011: 2,274
2010: 3,007
2009: 372
2008: 60,914
2007: 589
2006: 89

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

ChartThe annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to the Philippines is reported by Customs to be US$

2016: 34,817,81647
2015: 43,042,284
2014: 131,646,398
2013: 90,863,990
2012: 75,845,27047 58 59
2011: 27,266,39149 60
2010: 32,000,00061

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in the Philippines is high62 63

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In the Philippines, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law64 45

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in the Philippines include30 43 65 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

ChartIn its annual Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer, the Small Arms Survey compares public reporting among major arms exporting nations on a scale from strong to weak (25 to zero). In recent years, the Philippines scored

2018: 9.0066
2017: 8.7567
2016: 8.2568
2014: 8.2569
2013: 8.2570
2012: 8.2571
2011: 9.0072
2010: 8.5073
2009: 9.2574
2008: 8.5075
2007: 8.5076
2006: 8.7577
2005: 9.2578
2004: 8.7579

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in the Philippines is categorised as restrictive80

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in the Philippines includes the Comprehensive Firearms and Ammunition Regulation Act No. 10591 of 201381 45 and the Implementing Rules and Regulations of Republic Act No. 1059182

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in the Philippines are regulated by the Chief of the Philippine National Police, through the Firearms and Explosives Office83 84 and the Secretary of the Department of the Interior and Local Government28

Right to Possess Firearms

In the Philippines, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law85 86 81

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In the Philippines, civilians are not allowed to possess automatic firearms87 88

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In the Philippines, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited87 88 25

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In the Philippines, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted subject to a valid licence89

Regulation of Handguns

In the Philippines, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence87 88 25

Law Regulates Long Guns

In the Philippines, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law87 88 25

Gun Ownership and Possession

In the Philippines, only licensed gun owners90 91 92 93 25 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in the Philippines are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example sports,91 personal protection, security94 95

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in the Philippines is 21 years90 91 96 97

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in the Philippines must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental health, and addiction90 91 98 97 25 records

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in the Philippines stipulates99 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In the Philippines, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required90 91 97 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In the Philippines, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every two years100 98

Licensing Records

In the Philippines, authorities maintain a record101 102 89 103 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in the Philippines are permitted to possess from two to fifteen firearms (and more for collectors)104 93

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in the Philippines are permitted to possess maximum 50 rounds of ammunition105 106 96

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In the Philippines, the law requires107 108 100 98 92 84 101 103 109 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In the Philippines, licensed firearm dealers are required55 56 57 44 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In the Philippines, licensed gun makers are required31 32 55 56 34 84 35 44 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In the Philippines, State agencies are required110 111 84 112 113 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In the Philippines, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited114 115 88

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In the Philippines, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful27 28 116 57 114 115 88

Number of Licensed Gun Dealers

The number of licensed firearm dealers in the Philippines is reported to be

2013: 600-80037

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in the Philippines include104 93 92 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in the Philippines include28 34 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in the Philippines include117 112 103 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in the Philippines include118 96 30 57 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In the Philippines, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law32 119 35 120

Firearm Tracing

In the Philippines, state authorities carry out121 120 122 103 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In the Philippines, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are111 108 32 101 recorded in a register

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In the Philippines, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law94 95 25

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In the Philippines, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is prohibited95

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In the Philippines, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place allowed, subject to a valid permit94

Gun Free Zones

In the Philippines, private guns are prohibited in places of worship, commercial and public establishments. A total ban on firearms takes place for six months during election years95 40

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In the Philippines, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm123 is 10 years in prison124 125 126 127 128 129

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in the Philippines are known to have130 131 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Surrendered in Gun Amnesty

In the Philippines, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered in recent arms amnesty and collection programmes is reported to be

2003: 500131

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn the Philippines, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2017: 1,656132
2016: 16,091133 134
2015: 12,133135
2014: 10,551136
2013: 13,761137 138
2012: 8,132139 140 141
2007: 203142 143
2002: 45,000144

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn the Philippines, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2007: 32,726145 142 143
2001: 6,500144

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In the Philippines, it is state policy146 144 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 2008147 by the Philippines.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed, but not yet ratified148 by the Philippines

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has not been signed149 by the Philippines

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, the Philippines committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects150

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored the Philippines against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 21151 152 153 154 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, the Philippines have submitted one or more national reports155 45 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In the Philippines, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated156 45

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In the Philippines, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated45

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of the Philippines submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent45

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated45 by the Philippines to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided45 to the Philippines by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, the Philippines have declared157 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, the Philippines have been a Member State of the United Nations since 1945158

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list159 the Philippines as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in the Philippines, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where the Philippines ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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