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Peru — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Peru is

2017: 633,0001
2010: 750,0002 3
2009: 750,0003
2005: 750,0004 5678
:

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Peru is

2017: 2.099
2010: 2.56
2009: 2.57
2005: 2.69

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

In Peru, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be 20,00010

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

In Peru, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be 70,00010

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

In Peru, the number of handguns in civilian possession is reported to be 130,00010

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 206 countries, Peru ranked at No. 7311

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a comparison of the rate of privately owned guns in 206 countries, Peru ranked at No.15311

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

ChartThe number of licensed gun owners in Peru is reported to be

2016: 242,00012
1999: 180,00010

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in Peru is

2016: 0.799
1999: 0.70

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Peru is reported to be

2017: 365,8451
2016: 380,00012
2011: 288,36213
2010: 280,171
2009: 250,0003
2007: 290,54914
2005: 245,000 8 5 6 7
:

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in Peru is

2017: 1.219
2016: 1.26
2011: 0.98
2010: 0.95
2009: 0.86
2007: 1.01
2005: 0.97

Estimated Number of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms

ChartUnregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,15 but in Peru there are estimated to be

2017: 267,1551
2010: 469,8292 3 13
2009: 500,0003
2005: 505,0005 6 7 8

Estimated Rate of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

ChartUnregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,15 but in Peru the rate of such firearms per 100 people is estimated to be

2017: 0.889
2010: 1.6
2009: 1.71
2005: 1.81

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Peru are reported to have 473,40016 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Peru are reported to have 142,00017 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Peru, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2017: 42518
2016: 410
2015: 274
2014: 281
2013: 624
2012: 411
2011: 653
2010: 664
2009: 578
2008: 484
2007: 53219
2006: 446
2005: 615
2004: 587
2003: 440
2001: 362
2000: 46720

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Peru, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2017: 1.3818
2016: 1.35
2015: 0.91
2014: 0.94
2013: 2.11
2012: 1.41
2011: 2.26
2010: 2.32
2009: 2.04
2008: 1.73
2007: 1.92
2006: 1.63
2005: 2.27
2004: 2.19
2003: 1.66
2001: 1.38
2000: 1.81

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Peru, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2017: 38518
2016: 374
2015: 251
2014: 262
2013: 577
2012: 371
2011: 595
2010: 609
2009: 516
2008: 431
2007: 476
2006: 406
2005: 557
2004: 531
2003: 394
2001: 324
2000: 415

Rate of Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Peru, the annual rate of male gun death per 100,000 population is

2017: 2.5518
2016: 2.50
2015: 1.69
2014: 1.78
2013: 3.96
2012: 2.57
2011: 4.16
2010: 4.29
2009: 3.67
2008: 3.10
2007: 3.45
2006: 2.97
2005: 4.12
2004: 3.97
2003: 2.98
2001: 2.48
2000: 3.21

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Peru, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2017: 4018
2016: 36
2015: 23
2014: 19
2013: 47
2012: 40
2011: 58
2010: 55
2009: 62
2008: 53
2007: 56
2006: 40
2005: 58
2004: 56
2003: 46
2001: 37
2000: 52

Rate of Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Peru, the annual rate of female gun death per 100,000 population is

2017: 0.2618
2016: 0.23
2015: 0.15
2014: 0.13
2013: 0.31
2012: 0.27
2011: 0.40
2010: 0.38
2009: 0.43
2008: 0.38
2007: 0.40
2006: 0.29
2005: 0.43
2004: 0.42
2003: 0.35
2001: 0.28
2000: 0.40

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Peru, annual homicides by any means total

2021: 1,42721
2020: 2,71622
2018: 2,45223
2017: 2,487
2016: 2,435
2015: 2,247
2014: 2,076
2013: 2,013
2012: 1,968
2011: 1,617
2010: 3,095
2000: 1,448
1998: 1,35424
1997: 1,036
1996: 1,067
1995: 1,310

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Peru, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2021: 4.321
2020: 8.322
2019: 8.525
2018: 7.6723
2017: 7.91
2016: 7.87
2015: 7.37
2014: 6.90
2013: 6.76
2012: 6.67
2011: 5.53
2010: 10.69
2000: 5.61
1998: 5.4
1997: 4.2
1996: 4.4
1995: 5.5

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Peru, annual male homicides by any means total

2018: 1,90623
2017: 1,800
2016: 3,499
2015: 2,738
2014: 1,731
2013: 1,702
2012: 1,651
2011: 1,338
2010: 2,490
2000: 1,173

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Peru, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2018: 1223
2017: 11.53
2016: 12.05
2015: 11.94
2014: 11.57
2013: 11.50
2012: 11.24
2011: 9.18
2010: 17.40
2000: 9.08

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Peru, annual female homicides by any means total

2018: 53123
2017: 511
2016: 954
2015: 575
2014: 345
2013: 311
2012: 317
2011: 279
2010: 605
2000: 275

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Peru, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2018: 3.3023
2017: 3.23
2016: 3.21
2015: 2.61
2014: 2.26
2013: 2.08
2012: 2.14
2011: 1.90
2010: 4.13
2000: 2.13

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Peru, annual firearm homicides total

2018: 1,08123
2017: 984
2016: 1,03123
2015: 1,049
2014: 1,273
2013: 1,327
2012: 1,155
2011: 953
2010: 169
2009: 175
2008: 124
2007: 172
2006: 534
2005: 611
2004: 54624
2002: 44226
2001: 438
2000: 16120

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Peru, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2018: 3.3823
2017: 3.13
2016: 3.33
2015: 3.44
2014: 4.23
2013: 4.23
2012: 3.67
2011: 3.07
2010: 0.58
2009: 0.61
2008: 0.44
2007: 0.61
2006: 1.92
2005: 2.23
2004: 2.024 27
2002: 1.6526
2001: 1.66
2000: 0.5920

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Peru, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2013: 63%28
2012: 57%28
2011: 56%28
2009: 18%29
2008: 16%
2007: 20%
2006: 17%
2005: 20%
2004: 35.8%24
30:

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Peru, annual male firearm homicides total

2015: 95523
2014: 1,166
2013: 1,199
2012: 1,044
2011: 865
2010: 151
2009: 141
2008: 104
2007: 157

Rate of Male Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Peru, the annual rate of male firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 6.1023
2014: 7.50
2013: 7.80
2012: 6.90
2011: 5.80
2010: 1.05
2009: 0.99
2008: 0.74
2007: 1.13

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Peru, annual female firearm homicides total

2015: 9423
2014: 107
2013: 128
2012: 111
2011: 89
2010: 18
2009: 34
2008: 20
2007: 15

Rate of Female Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Peru, the annual rate of female firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.6023
2014: 0.70
2013: 0.80
2012: 0.70
2011: 0.60
2010: 0.12
2009: 0.24
2008: 0.14
2007: 0.11

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Peru, annual suicides by any means total

2016: 1,56731
2015: 1,546
2010: 1,352
2000: 1,318

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Peru, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 5.1031
2015: 5.08
2010: 4.67
2000: 5.11

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Peru, annual male suicides by any means total

2016: 1,14031
2015: 1,126
2010: 989
2000: 939

Rate of Male Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Peru, the annual rate of male suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 7.5431
2015: 7.52
2010: 6.91
2000: 7.27

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Peru, annual female suicides by any means total

2016: 42731
2015: 420
2010: 363
2000: 379

Rate of Female Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Peru, the annual rate of female suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 2.7331
2015: 2.72
2010: 2.48
2000: 2.94

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Peru, annual firearm suicides total

2017: 1218
2016: 7
2015: 4
2014: 8
2013: 7
2012: 1
2011: 10
2010: 12
2009: 6
2008: 11
2007: 1219
2006: 8
2005: 8
2004: 8
2003: 14
2001: 18
2000: 2920

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Peru, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2017: 0.0418
2016: 0.02
2015: 0.01
2014: 0.03
2013: 0.02
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.03
2010: 0.04
2009: 0.02
2008: 0.04
2007: 0.04
2006: 0.03
2005: 0.03
2004: 0.03
2003: 0.05
2001: 0.07
2000: 0.11

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Peru, annual male firearm suicides total

2017: 1218
2016: 6
2015: 4
2014: 8
2013: 7
2012: 1
2011: 8
2010: 11
2009: 6
2008: 10
2007: 11
2006: 8
2005: 8
2004: 7
2003: 12
2001: 14
2000: 28

Rate of Male Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Peru, the annual rate of male firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2017: 0.0818
2016: 0.04
2015: 0.03
2014: 0.05
2013: 0.05
2012: 0.01
2011: 0.06
2010: 0.08
2009: 0.04
2008: 0.07
2007: 0.08
2006: 0.06
2005: 0.06
2004: 0.05
2003: 0.09
2001: 0.11
2000: 0.22

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Peru, annual female firearm suicides total

2016: 118
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 2
2010: 1
2008: 1
2007: 1
2004: 1
2003: 2
2001: 4
2000: 1

Rate of Female Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Peru, the annual rate of female firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.0118
2014: 0.00
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.01
2010: 0.01
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.01
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.01
2001: 0.03
2000: 0.01

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Peru, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2017: 13218
2016: 104
2015: 36
2014: 159
2013: 389
2012: 289
2011: 406
2010: 412
2009: 310
2008: 299
2007: 26119
2006: 256
2005: 326
2004: 365
2003: 226
2001: 158
2000: 24420

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Peru, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2017: 0.4318
2016: 0.34
2015: 0.12
2014: 0.53
2013: 1.30
2012: 0.98
2011: 1.39
2010: 1.42
2009: 1.08
2008: 1.05
2007: 0.93
2006: 0.92
2005: 1.19
2004: 1.35
2003: 0.84
2001: 0.60
2000: 0.95

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Peru, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2017: 11918
2016: 95
2015: 33
2014: 15018
2013: 363
2012: 264
2011: 370
2010: 382
2009: 292
2008: 271
2007: 235
2006: 242
2005: 303
2004: 339
2003: 205
2001: 147
2000: 219

Rate of Unintentional Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Peru, the annual rate of unintentional male shooting death per 100,000 population is

2017: 0.7818
2016: 0.63
2015: 0.22
2014: 1.01
2013: 2.47
2012: 1.81
2011: 2.56
2010: 2.67
2009: 2.06
2008: 1.93
2007: 1.69
2006: 1.75
2005: 2.22
2004: 2.51
2003: 1.53
2001: 1.12
2000: 1.70

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Peru, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2017: 1318
2016: 9
2015: 3
2014: 9
2013: 26
2012: 25
2011: 36
2010: 30
2009: 18
2008: 28
2007: 26
2006: 14
2005: 23
2004: 26
2003: 21
2001: 11
2000: 25

Rate of Unintentional Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Peru, the annual rate of unintentional female shooting death per 100,000 population is

2017: 0.0818
2016: 0.06
2015: 0.02
2014: 0.06
2013: 0.17
2012: 0.17
2011: 0.24
2010: 0.21
2009: 0.12
2008: 0.20
2007: 0.18
2006: 0.10
2005: 0.17
2004: 0.19
2003: 0.16
2001: 0.08
2000: 0.19

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Peru, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2017: 11618
2016: 21
2015: 89
2014: 36
2013: 62
2012: 30
2011: 54
2010: 63
2009: 87
2008: 51
2007: 8719
2006: 62
2005: 59
2004: 37
2003: 43
2001: 76
2000: 3320

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Peru, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2017: 0.3718
2016: 0.07
2015: 0.29
2014: 0.12
2013: 0.21
2012: 0.10
2011: 0.18
2010: 0.22
2009: 0.30
2008: 0.18
2007: 0.31
2006: 0.22
2005: 0.21
2004: 0.14
2003: 0.16
2001: 0.29
2000: 0.13

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Peru, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2017: 9918
2016: 21
2015: 8418
2014: 3418
2013: 57
2012: 26
2011: 47
2010: 59
2009: 77
2008: 47
2007: 73
2006: 53
2005: 55
2004: 30
2003: 39
2001: 69
2000: 30

Rate of Male Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Peru, the annual rate of unknown-cause male shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2017: 0.6518
2016: 0.14
2015: 0.56
2014: 0.23
2013: 0.39
2012: 0.18
2011: 0.33
2010: 0.41
2009: 0.54
2008: 0.33
2007: 0.52
2006: 0.38
2005: 0.40
2004: 0.22
2003: 0.29
2001: 0.53
2000: 0.23

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Peru, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2017: 1718
2015: 5
2014: 2
2013: 5
2012: 4
2011: 7
2010: 4
2009: 10
2008: 4
2007: 14
2006: 9
2005: 4
2004: 7
2003: 4
2001: 6
2000: 3

Rate of Female Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Peru, the annual rate of unknown-cause female shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2017: 0.1118
2015: 0.03
2014: 0.01
2013: 0.03
2012: 0.03
2011: 0.05
2010: 0.03
2009: 0.07
2008: 0.03
2007: 0.10
2006: 0.06
2005: 0.03
2004: 0.05
2003: 0.03
2001: 0.05
2000: 0.02

Legal Intervention Gun Homicides

ChartIn Peru, annual legal-intervention gun homicides total

2014: 118
2012: 4
2010: 8
2008: 2

Non-fatal Gun Injuries

In Peru, the annual number of non-fatal firearm injuries is

2008: 25432

Rate of Non-fatal Gun Injury per 100,000 People

In Peru, the annual rate of non-fatal firearm injury per 100,000 population is

2008: 0.909

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Peru, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence,33 34 35 36 37 but is not conducted in practice38

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, Peru was ranked 'small'39

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Peru, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law40 34 37 41 42 43

Firearm Exports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms exported from Peru is reported by manufacturers to be

2019: 044
2018: 0
2017: 0

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

ChartThe annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Peru is reported by Customs to be US$

2021: 5,233,00045
2020: 5,330,000
2019: 4,897,000
2018: 5,502,000
2017: 5,561,000
2016: 8,214,000
2015: 7,628,000
2014: 7,199,000
2013: 10,077,000
2012: 7,047,000
2011: 7,401,000
2010: 4,722,000
2009: 3,608,000
2008: 3,595,000
2007: 4,087,000
2006: 2,376,000
2005: 1,483,000
2004: 1,449,000
2003: 949,000
2002: 1,452,000

Firearm Imports

In Peru, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law40 34 46 37 41 42 43

Firearm Imports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms imported to Peru is reported to be

2020: 7,49144
2019: 9,488
2018: 9,693
2017: 11,498

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

ChartThe annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Peru is reported by Customs to be US$

2021: 9,179,00047
2020: 6,800,000
2019: 10,688,000
2018: 8,236,000
2017: 7,160,000
2016: 18,819,000
2015: 10,146,000
2014: 6,265,000
2013: 8,074,000
2012: 10,537,000
2011: 10,571,000
2010: 9,176,000
2009: 6,350,000
2008: 7,000,000
2007: 4,346,000
2006: 4,196,000
2005: 2,696,000
2004: 2,111,000
2003: 2,162,000
2002: 1,774,000

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Peru is high48

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Peru, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are not specifically regulated by law49

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Peru include50 51 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

ChartIn its annual Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer, the Small Arms Survey compares public reporting among major arms exporting nations on a scale from strong to weak (25 to zero). In recent years, Peru scored

2020: 10
2019: 9.2552
2018: 9.5053
2016: 5.7554

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Peru is categorised as restrictive55

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Peru includes the Act on Firearms No. 30299 of 201556 57 and its Regulation58

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Peru are regulated by the Ministry of the Interior and the National Authority for the Control of Security Services, Firearms, Ammunition and Explosives for Civilian Use (SUCAMEC)59 60

Right to Possess Firearms

In Peru, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law61 62

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Peru, civilians are not allowed to possess firearms for military and police use, which include automatic firearms63 64 37

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Peru, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited63 30

Regulation of Handguns

In Peru, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence65 66 67 68 30

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Peru, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law65 66 67 68 30

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Peru, only licensed gun owners69 70 71 72 64 36 30 37 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Peru are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example personal defence,73 security and surveillance, sports and recreational shooting, hunting and collection69 70

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Peru is the legal age73

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Peru must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental health,73 69 72 30 and addiction74 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Peru, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required75

Partner to be Advised or Interviewed

In Peru, licensing authorities are not required75 to conduct interviews with, or to advise an applicant's spouse, partner, or next of kin before issuing a gun licence

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Peru stipulates73 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Peru, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required73 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Peru, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every three years69

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Peru are permitted to possess 2 firearms for personal defence. Firearms for hunting, sports, security, surveillance, and collection are not subject to any limitation76

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Peru are permitted to possess 600 cartridges per handgun (for personal defence)77

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Peru, the law requires78 71 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Peru, licensed firearm dealers are required78 33 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Peru, State agencies are required78 79 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Peru, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited without an authorisation from the National Authority for the Control of Security Services, Firearms, Ammunition and Explosives for Civilian Use34

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Peru, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful33 34 35 77 36 37

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In Peru, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is undetermined75

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Peru, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are not regulated75 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Peru do not include75 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Peru do not include75 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Peru include79 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Peru include80 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Peru, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law30 36 69

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Peru, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed without a permit, with some restrictions10

Gun Free Zones

In Peru, private guns are prohibited in public events, shows and amusement areas37

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Peru, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm81 is 15 years in prison35 82 72 37 83 84 85 74

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

Andean Community

As a member of the Andean Community, Peru

adopted Decision 552: The Andean Plan to Prevent, Fight and Eradicate Illicit Trafficking in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects in June, 200386

Organization of American States

On 14 November 1997, as a member of the Organisation of American States (OAS), Peru adopted the Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Explosives, Ammunition and Other Related Materials (CIFTA), a legally binding multilateral treaty of which the OAS is depository. The CIFTA Convention has since been signed and ratified87 88 by Peru

United Nations Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice

The UNCCPCJ, a subsidiary body of the Economic and Social Council mandated to promote action to prevent national and transnational crime, lists89 Peru as an elected member

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 200790 by Peru.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified91 by Peru

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been acceded to92 by Peru

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Peru committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects93

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Peru against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 4794 95 96 97 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Peru has submitted one or more national reports98 99 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Peru, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated99

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Peru, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated100 99

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Peru submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent100 99

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated99 by Peru to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Peru has declared101 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Peru has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1945102

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list103 Peru as a Participating State

BackgroundSustainable Development Goal Profile

About SDG 16

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are 17 goals set by the United Nations to be implemented by all member states by 2030. Adopted in 2015, they outline a vision of development in which peace and security are an integral part. SDG 16,104 which seeks to “promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development,” includes targets and indicators focused on reducing violence (Target 16.1) and the proliferation of illicit arms (Target 16.4). The indicators – or measurement criteria – of these targets include the number of victims of intentional homicide (Indicator 16.1.1), the number of conflict-related deaths (Indicator 16.1.2), and the number of illicit firearms collected and traced (Indicator 16.4.2). In light of these targets and indicators, GunPolicy.org provides granular national data pertaining to homicides, gun homicides, conflict deaths, disarmament efforts, and marking and tracing.

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Peru, annual homicides by any means total

2021: 1,42721
2020: 2,71622
2018: 2,45223
2017: 2,487
2016: 2,435
2015: 2,247
2014: 2,076
2013: 2,013
2012: 1,968
2011: 1,617
2010: 3,095
2000: 1,448
1998: 1,35424
1997: 1,036
1996: 1,067
1995: 1,310

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Peru, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2021: 4.321
2020: 8.322
2019: 8.525
2018: 7.6723
2017: 7.91
2016: 7.87
2015: 7.37
2014: 6.90
2013: 6.76
2012: 6.67
2011: 5.53
2010: 10.69
2000: 5.61
1998: 5.4
1997: 4.2
1996: 4.4
1995: 5.5

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Peru, annual male homicides by any means total

2018: 1,90623
2017: 1,800
2016: 3,499
2015: 2,738
2014: 1,731
2013: 1,702
2012: 1,651
2011: 1,338
2010: 2,490
2000: 1,173

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Peru, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2018: 1223
2017: 11.53
2016: 12.05
2015: 11.94
2014: 11.57
2013: 11.50
2012: 11.24
2011: 9.18
2010: 17.40
2000: 9.08

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Peru, annual female homicides by any means total

2018: 53123
2017: 511
2016: 954
2015: 575
2014: 345
2013: 311
2012: 317
2011: 279
2010: 605
2000: 275

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Peru, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2018: 3.3023
2017: 3.23
2016: 3.21
2015: 2.61
2014: 2.26
2013: 2.08
2012: 2.14
2011: 1.90
2010: 4.13
2000: 2.13

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Peru, annual firearm homicides total

2018: 1,08123
2017: 984
2016: 1,03123
2015: 1,049
2014: 1,273
2013: 1,327
2012: 1,155
2011: 953
2010: 169
2009: 175
2008: 124
2007: 172
2006: 534
2005: 611
2004: 54624
2002: 44226
2001: 438
2000: 16120

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Peru, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2018: 3.3823
2017: 3.13
2016: 3.33
2015: 3.44
2014: 4.23
2013: 4.23
2012: 3.67
2011: 3.07
2010: 0.58
2009: 0.61
2008: 0.44
2007: 0.61
2006: 1.92
2005: 2.23
2004: 2.024 27
2002: 1.6526
2001: 1.66
2000: 0.5920

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Peru, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2013: 63%28
2012: 57%28
2011: 56%28
2009: 18%29
2008: 16%
2007: 20%
2006: 17%
2005: 20%
2004: 35.8%24
30:

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Peru, annual male firearm homicides total

2015: 95523
2014: 1,166
2013: 1,199
2012: 1,044
2011: 865
2010: 151
2009: 141
2008: 104
2007: 157

Rate of Male Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Peru, the annual rate of male firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 6.1023
2014: 7.50
2013: 7.80
2012: 6.90
2011: 5.80
2010: 1.05
2009: 0.99
2008: 0.74
2007: 1.13

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Peru, annual female firearm homicides total

2015: 9423
2014: 107
2013: 128
2012: 111
2011: 89
2010: 18
2009: 34
2008: 20
2007: 15

Rate of Female Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Peru, the annual rate of female firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.6023
2014: 0.70
2013: 0.80
2012: 0.70
2011: 0.60
2010: 0.12
2009: 0.24
2008: 0.14
2007: 0.11

Conflict Deaths

For a profile of conflict in Peru, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Disarmament

Authorities in Peru are known to have105 106 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn Peru, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2021: 10,960107
2020: 2,711108
2018: 283
2017: 4,786
2016: 1,628
2013: 2,352109
2012: 1,416
2011: 2,702109 110
2010: 3,820
2009: 3,133111 112
2008: 3,766
2006: 2,02914

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn Peru, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2021: 7,537113
2020: 4,388
2011: 2,067114
2010: 3,168
2007: 7,771115
2006: 2,48214
2002: 2,500106 14

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Peru, it is not state policy116 117 118 119 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

Marking and Tracing

Firearm Marking

In Peru, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law120 37 121

Firearm Tracing

In Peru, state authorities carry out122 36 123 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Peru, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are122 recorded in a register

Global Peace Index

To see where Peru ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index, and then click on Peru on the map or in the "Select Country" menu on the right of the web page


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Peru.2015.‘Firearms for Particular Use of the Members of the Armed Forces and Peru National Police (Armas de Uso Particular de los Miembros de las Fuerzas Armadas y la Policía Nacional del Perú).’ Act on Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives, Firework Products and Related Materials for Civil Use, No. 30299.Lima:Congress of the Republic of Peru,22 January. (Q9357)Full Citation

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Peru.2015.‘Firearms for Personal Defence (Armas de Fuego para Defensa Personal).’ Act on Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives, Firework Products and Related Materials for Civil Use, No. 30299.Lima:Congress of the Republic of Peru,22 January. (Q9365)Full Citation

66.

Peru.2015.‘Hunting Firearms (Armas para Caza).’ Act on Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives, Firework Products and Related Materials for Civil Use, No. 30299.Lima:Congress of the Republic of Peru,22 January. (Q9363)Full Citation

67.

Peru.2015.‘Firearms for Sports and Recreational Shooting (Armas de Fuego para Deporte y Tiro Recreativo).’ Act on Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives, Firework Products and Related Materials for Civil Use, No. 30299.Lima:Congress of the Republic of Peru,22 January. (Q9364)Full Citation

68.

Peru.2015.‘Firearms for Security and Surveillance (Armas de Fuego de Seguridad y Vigilancia).’ Act on Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives, Firework Products and Related Materials for Civil Use, No. 30299.Lima:Congress of the Republic of Peru,22 January. (Q9366)Full Citation

69.

Peru.2015.‘Licence for the Use of Firearms (Licencia de Uso de Armas de Fuego).’ Act on Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives, Firework Products and Related Materials for Civil Use, No. 30299.Lima:Congress of the Republic of Peru,22 January. (Q9359)Full Citation

70.

Peru.2015.‘Classification of Firearms (Clasificación de Armas de Fuego).’ Act on Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives, Firework Products and Related Materials for Civil Use, No. 30299.Lima:Congress of the Republic of Peru,22 January. (Q9367)Full Citation

71.

Peru.2015.‘Issuing a Firearm Ownership Certificate (Otorgamiento de Tarjeta de Propiedad de Arma de Fuego).’ Act on Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives, Firework Products and Related Materials for Civil Use, No. 30299.Lima:Congress of the Republic of Peru,22 January. (Q9358)Full Citation

72.

Peru.2015.‘Deposits of Firearms (Depósito de las Armas de Fuego).’ Act on Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives, Firework Products and Related Materials for Civil Use, No. 30299.Lima:Congress of the Republic of Peru,22 January. (Q9351)Full Citation

73.

Peru.2015.‘Requirements to Obtain and Renew Licences and Authorisations (Condiciones para la Obtención y Renovación de Licencias y Autorizaciones).’ Act on Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives, Firework Products and Related Materials for Civil Use, No. 30299.Lima:Congress of the Republic of Peru,22 January. (Q9370)Full Citation

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Peru.2015.‘Object and Purposes of the Act; Scope of Application (Objeto y Fines de la Ley; Ámbito de Aplicación).’ Act on Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives, Firework Products and Related Materials for Civil Use, No. 30299.Lima:Congress of the Republic of Peru,22 January. (Q12029)Full Citation

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Peru.2015.‘Number of Firearms Permitted per Person (Número de Armas de Fuego Permitidas por Usuario).’ Act on Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives, Firework Products and Related Materials for Civil Use, No. 30299.Lima:Congress of the Republic of Peru,22 January. (Q9361)Full Citation

77.

Peru.2015.‘Purchase of Ammunition (Adquisición de Municiones).’ Act on Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives, Firework Products and Related Materials for Civil Use, No. 30299.Lima:Congress of the Republic of Peru,22 January. (Q9360)Full Citation

78.

Peru.2015.‘National Register of Information Management (Registro Nacional de Gestión de Información).’ Act on Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives, Firework Products and Related Materials for Civil Use, No. 30299.Lima:Congress of the Republic of Peru,22 January. (Q9368)Full Citation

79.

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