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Peru — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Peru is

2017: 633,0001
2012: 750,0002 3

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Peru is

2017: 21
2012: 2.52 4

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

In Peru, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be 20,0005

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

In Peru, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be 70,0005

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

In Peru, the number of handguns in civilian possession is reported to be 130,0005

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Peru ranked at No. 586

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Peru ranked at No. 334

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

ChartThe number of licensed gun owners in Peru is reported to be

2016: 242,0007
1999: 180,0005

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in Peru is

2016: 0.798
1999: 0.70

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Peru is reported to be

2017: 365,8451
2016: 380,0007
2011: 288,3629
2010: 280,171
2007: 290,54910
2005: 270,04111 12 13 4

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in Peru is

2016: 1.248
2011: 0.99
2010: 0.97
2007: 1.04
2005: 0.9711 8

Estimated Number of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms

ChartUnregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,14 but in Peru there are estimated to be

2017: 267,1551
2009: 500,0003

Estimated Rate of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

Unregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,14 but in Peru the rate of such firearms per 100 people is estimated to be 1.828

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Peru are reported to have 473,40015 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Peru are reported to have 142,00016 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Peru, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2015: 27417
2014: 282
2013: 624
2012: 413
2011: 653
2010: 664
2009: 578
2008: 487
2007: 53218
2000: 46719

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Peru, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.9017
2014: 0.94
2013: 2.09
2012: 1.40
2011: 2.23
2010: 2.29
2009: 2.02
2008: 1.72
2007: 1.90
2000: 1.81

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Peru, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2015: 25117
2014: 263
2013: 577
2012: 373
2011: 595
2010: 609
2009: 516
2008: 434
2007: 476

Rate of Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Peru, the annual rate of male gun death per 100,000 population is

2015: 1.6817
2014: 1.77
2013: 3.92
2012: 2.56
2011: 4.12
2010: 4.25
2009: 3.64
2008: 3.09
2007: 3.42

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Peru, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2015: 2317
2014: 1917
2013: 47
2012: 40
2011: 58
2010: 55
2009: 62
2008: 53
2007: 56

Rate of Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Peru, the annual rate of female gun death per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.1517
2014: 0.12
2013: 0.31
2012: 0.27
2011: 0.39
2010: 0.38
2009: 0.43
2008: 0.37
2007: 0.40

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Peru, annual homicides by any means total

2016: 2,43520
2015: 91717
2014: 2,055
2013: 2,013
2012: 1,968
2011: 1,617
2010: 420
2009: 356
2008: 369
2007: 464
2006: 3,141
2005: 3,057
2004: 1,526
2003: 1,316
2002: 1,136
2001: 1,294
2000: 1,302
1999: 66221
1998: 1,354
1997: 1,036
1996: 1,067
1995: 1,310

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Peru, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 7.9222
2015: 3.0117
2014: 6.82
2013: 6.74
2012: 6.66
2011: 5.53
2010: 1.45
2009: 1.24
2008: 1.30
2007: 1.65
2006: 11.2
2005: 11.0
2004: 5.6
2003: 4.9
2002: 4.2
2001: 4.9
2000: 5.0
1999: 2.621
1998: 5.4
1997: 4.2
1996: 4.4
1995: 5.5

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Peru, annual male homicides by any means total

2016: 51922
2015: 77917
2014: 1,713
2013: 1,693
2012: 1,633
2011: 1,330
2010: 351
2009: 286
2008: 305
2007: 388

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Peru, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 3.4322
2015: 5.2017
2014: 11.54
2013: 11.51
2012: 11.20
2011: 9.21
2010: 2.45
2009: 2.02
2008: 2.17
2007: 2.79

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Peru, annual female homicides by any means total

2016: 1,91622
2015: 13817
2014: 342
2013: 309
2012: 314
2011: 277
2010: 69
2009: 70
2008: 64
2007: 76

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Peru, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 12.2622
2015: 0.8917
2014: 2.23
2013: 2.04
2012: 2.10
2011: 1.87
2010: 0.47
2009: 0.48
2008: 0.45
2007: 0.54

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Peru, annual firearm homicides total

2015: 14517
2014: 7817
2013: 166
2012: 89
2011: 183
2010: 169
2009: 175
2008: 124
2007: 172
2006: 534
2005: 611
2004: 54621
2002: 44223
2001: 438
2000: 16119

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Peru, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.4817
2014: 0.26
2013: 0.56
2012: 0.30
2011: 0.63
2010: 0.58
2009: 0.61
2008: 0.44
2007: 0.61
2006: 1.92
2005: 2.23
2004: 2.021 24
2002: 1.6523
2001: 1.66
2000: 0.5919

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Peru, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2013: 63%25
2012: 57%25
2011: 56%25
2009: 18%26
2008: 16%
2007: 20%
2006: 17%
2005: 20%
2004: 35.8%21
27:

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Peru, annual male firearm homicides total

2015: 13017
2014: 70
2013: 150
2012: 78
2011: 170
2010: 151
2009: 141
2008: 104
2007: 157

Rate of Male Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Peru, the annual rate of male firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.8717
2014: 0.47
2013: 1.02
2012: 0.53
2011: 1.18
2010: 1.05
2009: 0.99
2008: 0.74
2007: 1.13

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Peru, annual female firearm homicides total

2015: 1517
2014: 8
2013: 16
2012: 11
2011: 13
2010: 18
2009: 34
2008: 20
2007: 15

Rate of Female Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Peru, the annual rate of female firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.1017
2014: 0.05
2013: 0.11
2012: 0.07
2011: 0.09
2010: 0.12
2009: 0.24
2008: 0.14
2007: 0.11

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Peru, annual suicides by any means total

2015: 26417
2014: 40217
2013: 344
2012: 591
2011: 478
2010: 261
2009: 150
2008: 404
2007: 407
2006: 423
2005: 334
2004: 385
2003: 407
2002: 449
2001: 396
2000: 36428 29

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Peru, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.8717
2014: 1.33
2013: 1.15
2012: 2
2011: 1.63
2010: 0.90
2009: 0.52
2008: 1.43
2007: 1.45
2006: 1.5
2005: 1.2
2004: 1.4
2003: 1.5
2002: 1.7
2001: 1.5
2000: 1.428 29

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Peru, annual male suicides by any means total

2015: 16917
2014: 26417
2013: 246
2012: 394
2011: 321
2010: 187
2009: 110
2008: 274
2007: 266

Rate of Male Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Peru, the annual rate of male suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 1.1317
2014: 1.78
2013: 1.67
2012: 2.70
2011: 2.22
2010: 1.31
2009: 0.78
2008: 1.95
2007: 1.91

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Peru, annual female suicides by any means total

2015: 9517
2014: 13817
2013: 98
2012: 197
2011: 157
2010: 74
2009: 40
2008: 130
2007: 141

Rate of Female Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Peru, the annual rate of female suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.6117
2014: 0.90
2013: 0.65
2012: 1.32
2011: 1.06
2010: 0.51
2009: 0.28
2008: 0.91
2007: 1

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Peru, annual firearm suicides total

2015: 417
2014: 817
2013: 7
2012: 1
2011: 10
2010: 12
2009: 6
2008: 11
2007: 1218
2000: 2919

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Peru, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.0117
2014: 0.03
2013: 0.02
2012: 0
2011: 0.03
2010: 0.04
2009: 0.02
2008: 0.04
2007: 0.04
2000: 0.1119

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Peru, annual male firearm suicides total

2015: 417
2014: 817
2013: 7
2012: 1
2011: 8
2010: 11
2009: 6
2008: 10
2007: 11

Rate of Male Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Peru, the annual rate of male firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.0317
2014: 0.05
2013: 0.05
2012: 0.01
2011: 0.06
2010: 0.08
2009: 0.04
2008: 0.07
2007: 0.08

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Peru, annual female firearm suicides total

2014: 017
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 2
2010: 1
2008: 1
2007: 1

Rate of Female Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Peru, the annual rate of female firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.0117
2010: 0.01
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.01

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Peru, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2015: 3617
2014: 15917
2013: 389
2012: 289
2011: 406
2010: 412
2009: 310
2008: 299
2007: 26118
2000: 24419

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Peru, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.1217
2014: 0.53
2013: 1.30
2012: 0.98
2011: 1.39
2010: 1.42
2009: 1.08
2008: 1.05
2007: 0.93
2000: 0.9019

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Peru, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2015: 3317
2014: 15017
2013: 363
2012: 264
2011: 370
2010: 382
2009: 292
2008: 271
2007: 235

Rate of Unintentional Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Peru, the annual rate of unintentional male shooting death per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.2217
2014: 1.01
2013: 2.47
2012: 1.81
2011: 2.56
2010: 2.67
2009: 2.06
2008: 1.93
2007: 1.69

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Peru, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2015: 317
2014: 917
2013: 26
2012: 25
2011: 36
2010: 30
2009: 18
2008: 28
2007: 26

Rate of Unintentional Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Peru, the annual rate of unintentional female shooting death per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.0217
2014: 0.06
2013: 0.17
2012: 0.17
2011: 0.24
2010: 0.21
2009: 0.12
2008: 0.20
2007: 0.18

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Peru, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2015: 8917
2014: 3617
2013: 62
2012: 30
2011: 54
2010: 63
2009: 87
2008: 51
2007: 8718
2000: 3319

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Peru, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.2917
2014: 0.12
2013: 0.21
2012: 0.10
2011: 0.18
2010: 0.22
2009: 0.30
2008: 0.18
2007: 0.31
2000: 0.1219

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Peru, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2015: 8417
2014: 3417
2013: 57
2012: 26
2011: 47
2010: 59
2009: 77
2008: 47
2007: 73

Rate of Male Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Peru, the annual rate of unknown-cause male shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.5617
2014: 0.23
2013: 0.39
2012: 0.18
2011: 0.33
2010: 0.41
2009: 0.54
2008: 0.33
2007: 0.52

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Peru, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2015: 517
2014: 217
2013: 5
2012: 4
2011: 7
2010: 4
2009: 10
2008: 4
2007: 14

Rate of Female Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Peru, the annual rate of unknown-cause female shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.0317
2014: 0.01
2013: 0.03
2012: 0.03
2011: 0.05
2010: 0.03
2009: 0.07
2008: 0.03
2007: 0.10

Legal Intervention Gun Homicides

ChartIn Peru, annual legal-intervention gun homicides total

2014: 117
2012: 4
2010: 8
2008: 2

Non-fatal Gun Injuries

In Peru, the annual number of non-fatal firearm injuries is

2008: 25430

Rate of Non-fatal Gun Injury per 100,000 People

In Peru, the annual rate of non-fatal firearm injury per 100,000 population is

2008: 0.908

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Peru, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence,31 32 33 34 35 but is not conducted in practice36

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, Peru was ranked 'small'37

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Peru, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law38 32 35 39 40 41

Firearm Exports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms exported from Peru is reported by manufacturers to be

2018: 042
2017: 0

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Peru is reported by Customs to be US$7,401,51143 (2011)

Firearm Imports

In Peru, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law38 32 44 35 39 40 41

Firearm Imports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms imported to Peru is reported to be

2018: 9,69342
2017: 11,498

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Peru is reported by Customs to be US$10,607,65543 (2011)45 46 47 48

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Peru is low5

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Peru, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are not specifically regulated by law49

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Peru include50 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

ChartIn its annual Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer, the Small Arms Survey compares public reporting among major arms exporting nations on a scale from strong to weak (25 to zero). In recent years, Peru scored

2018: 9.5051
2016: 5.7552

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Peru is categorised as restrictive53

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Peru includes the Act on Firearms No. 30299 of 201554 55 and its Regulation56

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Peru are regulated by the Ministry of the Interior and the National Authority for the Control of Security Services, Firearms, Ammunition and Explosives for Civilian Use (SUCAMEC)57 58

Right to Possess Firearms

In Peru, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law59 60

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Peru, civilians are not allowed to possess firearms for military and police use, which include automatic firearms61 62 35

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Peru, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited61 27

Regulation of Handguns

In Peru, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence63 64 65 66 27

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Peru, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law63 64 65 66 27

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Peru, only licensed gun owners67 68 69 70 62 34 27 35 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Peru are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example personal defence,71 security and surveillance, sports and recreational shooting, hunting and collection67 68

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Peru is the legal age71

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Peru must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental health,71 67 70 27 and addiction72 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Peru, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required73

Partner to be Advised or Interviewed

In Peru, licensing authorities are not required73 to conduct interviews with, or to advise an applicant's spouse, partner, or next of kin before issuing a gun licence

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Peru stipulates71 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Peru, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required71 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Peru, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every three years67

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Peru are permitted to possess 2 firearms for personal defence. Firearms for hunting, sports, security, surveillance, and collection are not subject to any limitation74

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Peru are permitted to possess 600 cartridges per handgun (for personal defence)75

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Peru, the law requires76 69 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Peru, licensed firearm dealers are required76 31 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Peru, State agencies are required76 77 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Peru, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited without an authorisation from the National Authority for the Control of Security Services, Firearms, Ammunition and Explosives for Civilian Use32

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Peru, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful31 32 33 75 34 35

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In Peru, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is undetermined73

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Peru, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are not regulated73 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Peru do not include73 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Peru do not include73 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Peru include77 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Peru include78 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Peru, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law79 35 80

Firearm Tracing

In Peru, state authorities carry out81 34 82 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Peru, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are81 recorded in a register

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Peru, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law27 34 67

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Peru, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed without a permit, with some restrictions5

Gun Free Zones

In Peru, private guns are prohibited in public events, shows and amusement areas35

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Peru, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm83 is 15 years in prison33 84 70 35 85 86 87 72

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in Peru are known to have88 89 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn Peru, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2016: 6,79690
2013: 2,35291
2012: 1,416
2011: 2,70291 92
2010: 3,820
2009: 3,13393 94
2008: 3,766
2006: 2,02910

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn Peru, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2011: 2,06795
2010: 3,168
2007: 7,77196
2006: 2,48210
2002: 2,50089 10

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Peru, it is not state policy97 98 99 100 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

Andean Community

As a member of the Andean Community, Peru

adopted Decision 552: The Andean Plan to Prevent, Fight and Eradicate Illicit Trafficking in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects in June, 2003101

Organization of American States

On 14 November 1997, as a member of the Organisation of American States (OAS), Peru adopted the Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Explosives, Ammunition and Other Related Materials (CIFTA), a legally binding multilateral treaty of which the OAS is depository. The CIFTA Convention has since been signed and ratified102 103 by Peru

United Nations Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice

The UNCCPCJ, a subsidiary body of the Economic and Social Council mandated to promote action to prevent national and transnational crime, lists104 Peru as an elected member

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 2007105 by Peru.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified106 by Peru

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified107 by Peru

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Peru committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects108

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Peru against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 47109 110 111 112 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Peru has submitted one or more national reports113 114 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Peru, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated115 114

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Peru, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated115 114

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Peru submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent115 114

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated114 by Peru to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Peru has declared116 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Peru has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1945117

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list118 Peru as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Peru, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Peru ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


Short References

1.

Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Civilian Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Civilian-Held Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13434)Full Citation

2.

Karp, Aaron.2012.‘Estimated Civilian Gun Ownership.’ Measurement and Use of Statistical Data to Analyze Small Arms in the Caribbean and Latin America.Mexico City:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the Center of Excellence, National Institute of Statistics and Geography (INEGI),28 April. (Q8972)Full Citation

3.

Karp, Aaron.2009.‘Estimated Total Small Arms, Firearms, and Surpluses in Peru, Rounded.’ Surplus Arms in South America: A Survey.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 August. (Q5311)Full Citation

4.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms - Annexe online.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q5)Full Citation

5.

United Nations.1999.‘Analysis of Country Responses.’ United Nations International Study on Firearm Regulation.Vienna:UN Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Division,30 August. (Q1)Full Citation

6.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q4)Full Citation

7.

Gestion (Peru). 2016. ‘Firearm Use Licencing: What Changes Does the New Regulation Bring?.’ 27 July. (N654) Full Citation

8.

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