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Peru — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Peru is

2017: 633,0001
2012: 750,0002 3

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Peru is

2017: 21
2012: 2.52 4

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

In Peru, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be 20,0005

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

In Peru, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be 70,0005

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

In Peru, the number of handguns in civilian possession is reported to be 130,0005

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Peru ranked at No. 586

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Peru ranked at No. 334

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

ChartThe number of licensed gun owners in Peru is reported to be

2016: 242,0007
1999: 180,0005

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in Peru is

2016: 0.798
1999: 0.70

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Peru is reported to be

2017: 365,8451
2016: 380,0007
2011: 288,3629
2010: 280,171
2007: 290,54910
2005: 270,04111 12 13 4

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in Peru is

2016: 1.248
2011: 0.99
2010: 0.97
2007: 1.04
2005: 0.9711 8

Estimated Number of Illicit Firearms

ChartUnlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Peru there are estimated to be

2017: 267,1551
2009: 500,0003

Estimated Rate of Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Peru the rate of illicit firearms per 100 people is estimated to be 1.828

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Peru are reported to have 473,40014 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Peru are reported to have 142,00015 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Peru, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 28116
2013: 624
2012: 409
2011: 653
2010: 656
2007: 53217
2000: 46718

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Peru, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.9316
2013: 2.09
2012: 1.38
2011: 2.23
2010: 2.27
2007: 1.908
2000: 1.81

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Peru, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 26216
2013: 577
2012: 369
2011: 595
2010: 603

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Peru, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 1916
2013: 47
2012: 40
2011: 58
2010: 53

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Peru, annual homicides by any means total

2015: 2,24719
2014: 84416
2013: 589
2012: 766
2011: 367
2010: 420
2009: 2,96920 21 22 23
2008: 3,332
2007: 2,934
2006: 3,141
2005: 3,057
2004: 1,526
2003: 1,316
2002: 1,136
2001: 1,294
2000: 1,302
1999: 66221
1998: 1,354
1997: 1,036
1996: 1,067
1995: 1,310

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Peru, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 7.1619
2014: 0.9316
2013: 2.09
2012: 1.38
2011: 2.23
2010: 2.27
2009: 10.320 21 22 23
2008: 11.6
2007: 10.4
2006: 11.2
2005: 11.0
2004: 5.6
2003: 4.9
2002: 4.2
2001: 4.9
2000: 5.0
1999: 2.621
1998: 5.4
1997: 4.2
1996: 4.4
1995: 5.5

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Peru, annual male homicides by any means total

2015: 1,84024
2014: 69316
2013: 484
2012: 610
2011: 318
2010: 351

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Peru, annual female homicides by any means total

2015: 40724
2014: 15116
2013: 105
2012: 156
2011: 49
2010: 69

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Peru, annual firearm homicides total

2014: 7816
2013: 166
2012: 89
2011: 183
2010: 169
2009: 53420 21 25
2008: 533
2007: 58720 21
2006: 534
2005: 611
2004: 54621
2002: 44226
2001: 438
2000: 16118

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Peru, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.2616
2013: 0.56
2012: 0.30
2011: 0.63
2010: 0.58
2009: 1.868 21 23
2008: 1.88
2007: 2.09
2006: 1.92
2005: 2.23
2004: 2.021 23
2002: 1.6526
2001: 1.66
2000: 0.5918

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Peru, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2013: 63%27
2012: 57%27
2011: 56%27
2009: 18%20
2008: 16%
2007: 20%
2006: 17%
2005: 20%
2004: 35.8%21
28:

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Peru, annual male firearm homicides total

2015: 7016
2014: 70
2013: 150
2012: 78
2011: 170
2010: 151

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Peru, annual female firearm homicides total

2015: 816
2014: 8
2013: 16
2012: 11
2011: 13
2010: 18

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Peru, annual suicides by any means total

2014: 40216
2013: 344
2012: 591
2011: 478
2010: 261
2008: 43529
2007: 741
2006: 423
2005: 334
2004: 385
2003: 407
2002: 449
2001: 396
2000: 36429 30

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Peru, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2014: 1.3316
2013: 1.15
2012: 2
2011: 1.63
2010: 0.90
2008: 1.529
2007: 2.6
2006: 1.5
2005: 1.2
2004: 1.4
2003: 1.5
2002: 1.7
2001: 1.5
2000: 1.429 30

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Peru, annual male suicides by any means total

2014: 26416
2013: 246
2012: 394
2011: 321
2010: 187

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Peru, annual female suicides by any means total

2014: 13816
2013: 98
2012: 197
2011: 157
2010: 74

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Peru, annual firearm suicides total

2014: 816
2013: 7
2012: 1
2011: 10
2010: 12
2009: 1925
2008: 28
2007: 1217
2000: 2918

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Peru, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0316
2013: 0.02
2012: 0
2011: 0.03
2010: 0.04
2009: 0.078
2008: 0.10
2007: 0.04
2000: 0.1118

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Peru, annual male firearm suicides total

2014: 816
2013: 7
2012: 1
2011: 8
2010: 11

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Peru, annual female firearm suicides total

2014: 016
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 2
2010: 1

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Peru, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2014: 15916
2013: 389
2012: 289
2011: 406
2010: 412
2007: 26117
2000: 24418

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Peru, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.1216
2013: 0.21
2012: 0.10
2011: 0.18
2010: 0.22
2007: 0.93
2000: 0.9018

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Peru, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2014: 15016
2013: 363
2012: 264
2011: 370
2010: 382

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Peru, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2014: 916
2013: 26
2012: 25
2011: 36
2010: 30

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Peru, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 3616
2013: 62
2012: 30
2011: 54
2010: 63
2007: 8717
2000: 3318

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Peru, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2007: 0.318
2000: 0.1218

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Peru, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 3416
2013: 57
2012: 26
2011: 47
2010: 59

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Peru, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 216
2013: 5
2012: 4
2011: 7
2010: 4

Non-fatal Gun Injuries

In Peru, the annual number of non-fatal firearm injuries is

2008: 25425

Rate of Non-fatal Gun Injury per 100,000 People

In Peru, the annual rate of non-fatal firearm injury per 100,000 population is

2008: 0.908

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Peru, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence,31 32 33 34 35 but is not conducted in practice36

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, Peru was ranked 'small'37

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Peru, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law38 32 35 39 40 41

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Peru is reported by Customs to be US$7,401,51142 (2011)

Firearm Imports

In Peru, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law38 32 43 35 39 40 41

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Peru is reported by Customs to be US$10,607,65542 (2011)44 45 46 47

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Peru is low5

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Peru, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are not specifically regulated by law48

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Peru include49 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

In its annual Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer, the Small Arms Survey compares public reporting among major arms exporting nations on a scale from strong to weak (25 to zero). In recent years, Peru scored

2016: 5.7550

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Peru is categorised as restrictive51

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Peru includes the Act on Firearms No. 30299 of 201552 53 and its Regulation54

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Peru are regulated by the Ministry of the Interior and the National Authority for the Control of Security Services, Firearms, Ammunition and Explosives for Civilian Use (SUCAMEC)55 56

Right to Possess Firearms

In Peru, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law57 58

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Peru, civilians are not allowed to possess firearms for military and police use, which include automatic firearms59 60 35

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Peru, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited59 28

Regulation of Handguns

In Peru, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence61 62 63 64 28

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Peru, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law61 62 63 64 28

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Peru, only licensed gun owners65 66 67 68 60 34 28 35 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Peru are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example personal defence,69 security and surveillance, sports and recreational shooting, hunting and collection65 66

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Peru is the legal age69

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Peru must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental health,69 65 68 28 and addiction70 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Peru, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required71

Partner to be Advised or Interviewed

In Peru, licensing authorities are not required71 to conduct interviews with, or to advise an applicant's spouse, partner, or next of kin before issuing a gun licence

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Peru stipulates69 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Peru, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required69 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Peru, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every three years65

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Peru are permitted to possess 2 firearms for personal defence. Firearms for hunting, sports, security, surveillance, and collection are not subject to any limitation72

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Peru are permitted to possess 600 cartridges per handgun (for personal defence)73

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Peru, the law requires74 67 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Peru, licensed firearm dealers are required74 31 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Peru, State agencies are required74 75 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Peru, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited without an authorisation from the National Authority for the Control of Security Services, Firearms, Ammunition and Explosives for Civilian Use32

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Peru, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful31 32 33 73 34 35

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In Peru, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is undetermined71

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Peru, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are not regulated71 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Peru do not include71 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Peru do not include71 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Peru include75 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Peru include76 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Peru, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law77 35 78

Firearm Tracing

In Peru, state authorities carry out79 34 80 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Peru, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are79 recorded in a register

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Peru, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law28 34 65

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Peru, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed without a permit, with some restrictions5

Gun Free Zones

In Peru, private guns are prohibited in public events, shows and amusement areas35

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Peru, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm81 is 15 years in prison33 82 68 35 83 84 85 70

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in Peru are known to have86 87 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn Peru, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2016: 6,79688
2013: 2,35289
2012: 1,416
2011: 2,70289 90
2010: 3,820
2009: 3,13391 92
2008: 3,766
2006: 2,02910

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn Peru, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2011: 2,06793
2010: 3,168
2007: 7,77194
2006: 2,48210
2002: 2,50087 10

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Peru, it is not state policy95 96 97 98 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

Andean Community

As a member of the Andean Community, Peru

adopted Decision 552: The Andean Plan to Prevent, Fight and Eradicate Illicit Trafficking in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects in June, 200399

Organization of American States

On 14 November 1997, as a member of the Organisation of American States (OAS), Peru adopted the Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Explosives, Ammunition and Other Related Materials (CIFTA), a legally binding multilateral treaty of which the OAS is depository. The CIFTA Convention has since been signed and ratified100 101 by Peru

United Nations Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice

The UNCCPCJ, a subsidiary body of the Economic and Social Council mandated to promote action to prevent national and transnational crime, lists102 Peru as an elected member

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 2007103 by Peru.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified104 by Peru

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified105 by Peru

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Peru committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects106

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Peru against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 47107 108 109 110 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Peru has submitted one or more national reports111 112 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Peru, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated113 112

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Peru, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated113 112

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Peru submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent113 112

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated112 by Peru to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Peru has declared114 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Peru has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1945115

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list116 Peru as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Peru, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Peru ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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