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Paraguay — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Paraguay is

2017: 1,140,0001
2012: 1,000,0002 3 4

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Paraguay is

2017: 16.701
2012: 15.42 4

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Paraguay ranked at No. 465

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Paraguay ranked at No. 374

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Paraguay is reported to be

2017: 392,0001
2010: 288,8876
2007: 333,4607
2006: 330,0008
2005: 316,0939
2003: 300,9066 10

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in Paraguay is

2010: 4.5311
2007: 5.45
2006: 5.708
2005: 5.59
2003: 5.2511

Estimated Number of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms

Unregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,12 but in Paraguay there are estimated to be 650,0007 3 10 to 1,000,0009

Estimated Rate of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

Unregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,12 but in Paraguay the rate of such firearms per 100 people is estimated to be 10.6311 to 16.88

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Paraguay are reported to have 235,78013 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Paraguay are reported to have 21,00014 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Paraguay, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2017: 37515
2016: 481
2015: 430
2014: 421
2013: 420
2012: 405
2011: 408
2010: 431
2009: 492
2008: 483
2007: 479
2006: 496
2005: 523
2004: 518
2003: 591
2001: 513
2000: 452

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Paraguay, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2017: 5.4615
2016: 7.09
2015: 6.41
2014: 6.36
2013: 6.42
2012: 6.27
2011: 6.40
2010: 6.85
2009: 7.93
2008: 7.90
2007: 7.96
2006: 8.37
2005: 8.97
2004: 9.04
2003: 10.50
2001: 9.29
2000: 8.34

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Paraguay, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2017: 34115
2016: 437
2015: 389
2014: 370
2013: 375
2012: 359
2011: 368
2010: 392
2009: 443
2008: 445
2007: 441
2006: 440
2005: 469
2004: 479
2003: 532
2001: 471
2000: 412

Rate of Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Paraguay, the annual rate of male gun death per 100,000 population is

2017: 9.9115
2016: 12.84
2015: 11.57
2014: 11.13
2013: 11.42
2012: 11.08
2011: 11.50
2010: 12.41
2009: 14.23
2008: 14.50
2007: 14.59
2006: 14.79
2005: 16.03
2004: 16.66
2003: 18.83
2001: 16.99
2000: 15.15

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Paraguay, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2017: 3415
2016: 44
2015: 41
2014: 51
2013: 45
2012: 46
2011: 40
2010: 39
2009: 49
2008: 38
2007: 38
2006: 56
2005: 54
2004: 39
2003: 59
2001: 42
2000: 40

Rate of Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Paraguay, the annual rate of female gun death per 100,000 population is

2017: 0.9915
2016: 1.30
2015: 1.23
2014: 1.55
2013: 1.38
2012: 1.43
2011: 1.26
2010: 1.24
2009: 1.59
2008: 1.25
2007: 1.27
2006: 1.90
2005: 1.86
2004: 1.37
2003: 2.11
2001: 1.53
2000: 1.48

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Paraguay, annual homicides by any means total

2018: 49716
2017: 541
2016: 669
2015: 61717
2014: 578
2013: 604
2012: 649
2011: 657
2010: 741
2009: 953
2008: 833
2007: 600
2006: 798
2005: 88718 19 20 21 22
2004: 1,209
2003: 1,28518 19 20 21
2002: 1,372
2001: 1,314
2000: 99518 19 20 21 23
1999: 63420 23
1998: 856

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Paraguay, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2018: 7.0716
2017: 7.79
2016: 9.75
2015: 9.10
2014: 8.62
2013: 9.12
2012: 9.92
2011: 10.17
2010: 11.62
2009: 15.15
2008: 13.43
2007: 9.82
2006: 13.25
2005: 15.0218 19 20 21 22 24 10
2004: 20.8718 19 20 21 22 24
2003: 22.6118 19 20 21 24
2002: 24.63
2001: 24.06
2000: 18.60
1999: 12.120 24
1998: 16.7
1997: 18.020
1996: 20.020 24
1995: 18.620

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Paraguay, annual male homicides by any means total

2018: 43416
2017: 57
2016: 614
2015: 56025
2014: 509
2013: 552
2012: 576
2011: 595
2010: 668
2009: 870
2008: 774
2007: 570
2006: 727

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Paraguay, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2018: 12.3216
2017: 1.64
2016: 17.84
2015: 16.46
2014: 15.14
2013: 16.61
2012: 17.55
2011: 18.36
2010: 20.88
2009: 27.55
2008: 24.86
2007: 18.57
2006: 24.05

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Paraguay, annual female homicides by any means total

2018: 6316
2017: 484
2016: 55
2015: 5725
2014: 69
2013: 52
2012: 73
2011: 62
2010: 73
2009: 83
2008: 59
2007: 30
2006: 71

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Paraguay, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2018: 1.8016
2017: 13.98
2016: 1.61
2015: 1.69
2014: 2.07
2013: 1.58
2012: 2.24
2011: 1.93
2010: 2.30
2009: 2.65
2008: 1.91
2007: 0.99
2006: 2.37

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Paraguay, annual firearm homicides total

2015: 39817
2014: 350
2013: 378
2012: 418
2011: 385
2010: 414
2009: 366
2008: 380
2007: 380
2006: 58819 26 27
2005: 646
2000: 40423 27 28
1999: 40323
1998: 514

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Paraguay, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 617
2014: 5.30
2013: 5.80
2012: 6.60
2011: 6.10
2010: 6.70
2009: 5.82
2008: 6.13
2007: 6.22
2006: 9.7711 26 27
2005: 10.90
2000: 7.3523 27 28
1999: 7.5223
1998: 9.85

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Paraguay, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2013: 63%18
2012: 64%18 19
2011: 61%
2010: 62%
2009: 57%
2008: 62%
2007: 61%
2006: 63%
2005: 60%
2000: 61.0%20
1999: 63.6%
1998: 60.0%

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Paraguay, annual male firearm homicides total

2015: 37217
2014: 317
2013: 349
2012: 379
2011: 353
2010: 382
2009: 335
2008: 356
2007: 359

Rate of Male Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Paraguay, the annual rate of male firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2019: 15
2018:
2017: 7.35
2016: 9.18
2015: 1117
2014: 9.50
2013: 10.60
2012: 11.70
2011: 11
2010: 12.10
2009: 10.61
2008: 11.43
2007: 11.70

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Paraguay, annual female firearm homicides total

2015: 2617
2014: 33
2013: 29
2012: 39
2011: 32
2010: 33
2009: 31
2008: 24
2007: 21

Rate of Female Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Paraguay, the annual rate of female firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.8017
2014: 1
2013: 0.90
2012: 1.20
2011: 1
2010: 1.10
2009: 0.99
2008: 0.78
2007: 0.69

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Paraguay, annual suicides by any means total

2016: 63929
2015: 655
2010: 575
2000: 536

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Paraguay, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 9.3129
2015: 9.66
2010: 9.02
2000: 9.89

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Paraguay, annual male suicides by any means total

2016: 42329
2015: 439
2010: 384
2000: 373

Rate of Male Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Paraguay, the annual rate of male suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 12.2929
2015: 12.90
2010: 12
2000: 13.71

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Paraguay, annual female suicides by any means total

2016: 21529
2015: 216
2010: 191
2000: 164

Rate of Female Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Paraguay, the annual rate of female suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 6.2829
2015: 6.39
2010: 6.01
2000: 6.08

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Paraguay, annual firearm suicides total

2017: 4515
2016: 76
2015: 62
2014: 71
2013: 63
2012: 65
2011: 5730
2010: 46
2009: 71
2008: 66
2007: 47
2006: 57
2005: 58
2004: 65
2003: 47
2001: 51
2000: 3428

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Paraguay, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2017: 0.6615
2016: 1.12
2015: 0.92
2014: 1.07
2013: 0.96
2012: 1.01
2011: 0.89
2010: 0.73
2009: 1.14
2008: 1.08
2007: 0.78
2006: 0.96
2005: 1
2004: 1.13
2003: 0.84
2001: 0.92
2000: 0.63

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Paraguay, annual male firearm suicides total

2017: 3915
2016: 65
2015: 52
2014: 53
2013: 56
2012: 50
2011: 50
2010: 37
2009: 56
2008: 56
2007: 34
2006: 43
2005: 45
2004: 57
2003: 37
2001: 38
2000: 26

Rate of Male Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Paraguay, the annual rate of male firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2017: 1.1215
2016: 1.89
2015: 1.53
2014: 1.58
2013: 1.69
2012: 1.52
2011: 1.54
2010: 1.16
2009: 1.77
2008: 1.80
2007: 1.11
2006: 1.42
2005: 1.51
2004: 1.95
2003: 1.29
2001: 1.37
2000: 0.96

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Paraguay, annual female firearm suicides total

2017: 615
2016: 11
2015: 10
2014: 18
2013: 7
2012: 15
2011: 7
2010: 9
2009: 15
2008: 10
2007: 13
2006: 14
2005: 13
2004: 8
2003: 10
2001: 13
2000: 8

Rate of Female Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Paraguay, the annual rate of female firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2017: 0.1715
2016: 0.32
2015: 0.30
2014: 0.54
2013: 0.21
2012: 0.46
2011: 0.22
2010: 0.28
2009: 0.48
2008: 0.32
2007: 0.43
2006: 0.47
2005: 0.44
2004: 0.28
2003: 0.35
2001: 0.47
2000: 0.30

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Paraguay, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2017: 1515
2016: 15
2015: 19
2014: 18
2013: 18
2012: 8
2011: 1630
2010: 13
2009: 21
2008: 18
2007: 17
2006: 29
2005: 19
2004: 15
2003: 10
2001: 24
2000: 1528

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Paraguay, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2017: 0.2215
2016: 0.22
2015: 0.28
2014: 0.27
2013: 0.27
2012: 0.12
2011: 0.25
2010: 0.20
2009: 0.33
2008: 0.29
2007: 0.28
2006: 0.48
2005: 0.32
2004: 0.26
2003: 0.17
2001: 0.43
2000: 0.28

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Paraguay, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2017: 1415
2016: 14
2015: 18
2014: 16
2013: 16
2012: 6
2011: 13
2010: 10
2009: 20
2008: 18
2007: 17
2006: 26
2005: 14
2004: 13
2003: 7
2001: 22
2000: 13

Rate of Unintentional Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Paraguay, the annual rate of unintentional male shooting death per 100,000 population is

2017: 0.4015
2016: 0.41
2015: 0.53
2014: 0.48
2013: 0.48
2012: 0.18
2011: 0.40
2010: 0.31
2009: 0.63
2008: 0.58
2007: 0.55
2006: 0.86
2005: 0.47
2004: 0.44
2003: 0.24
2001: 0.79
2000: 0.48

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Paraguay, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2017: 115
2016: 1
2015: 1
2014: 2
2013: 2
2012: 2
2011: 3
2010: 3
2009: 1
2006: 3
2005: 5
2004: 2
2003: 3
2001: 2
2000: 2

Rate of Unintentional Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Paraguay, the annual rate of unintentional female shooting death per 100,000 population is

2017: 0.0315
2016: 0.03
2015: 0.03
2014: 0.06
2013: 0.06
2012: 0.06
2011: 0.09
2010: 0.09
2009: 0.03
2006: 0.10
2005: 0.17
2004: 0.07
2003: 0.11
2001: 0.07
2000: 0.07

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Paraguay, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2017: 615
2016: 13
2015: 10
2014: 16
2013: 9
2012: 7
2011: 1630
2010: 22
2009: 3331
2008: 18
2007: 26
2006: 25
2005: 35
2004: 51
2003: 100
2001: 59
2000: 14

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Paraguay, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2019: 015
2018: 0
2017: 0.09
2016: 0.19
2015: 0.15
2014: 0.24
2013: 0.14
2012: 0.11
2011: 0.25
2010: 0.35
2009: 0.52
2008: 0.29
2007: 0.43
2006: 0.42
2005: 0.59
2004: 0.88
2003: 1.75
2001: 1.07
2000: 0.26

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Paraguay, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 1215
2013: 9
2012: 5
2011: 13
2010: 22
2009: 30
2008: 14
2007: 23

Rate of Male Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Paraguay, the annual rate of unknown-cause male shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.3615
2013: 0.27
2012: 0.15
2011: 0.40
2010: 0.69
2009: 0.95
2008: 0.45
2007: 0.75

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Paraguay, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2016: 115
2014: 4
2013: 0
2012: 2
2011: 3
2010: 0
2009: 3
2008: 4
2007: 3
2006: 4
2005: 4
2004: 3
2003: 11
2001: 10
2000: 1

Rate of Female Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Paraguay, the annual rate of unknown-cause female shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.0315
2014: 0.12
2012: 0.06
2011: 0.09
2009: 0.10
2008: 0.13
2007: 0.10
2006: 0.13
2005: 0.14
2004: 0.10
2003: 0.39
2001: 0.36
2000: 0.04

Legal Intervention Gun Homicides

ChartIn Paraguay, annual legal-intervention gun homicides total

2014: 115
2013: 1
2012: 18
2011: 6
2010: 7
2009: 5
2008: 4
2007: 13

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Paraguay, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence,32 33 34 35 but is not conducted in practice36 37

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Paraguay, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law38 32 35 39 40 41 42

Firearm Exports (Number)

The annual number of firearms exported from Paraguay is reported by manufacturers to be

2019: 043

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Paraguay is reported by Customs to be US$124,83044 (2004)

Firearm Imports

In Paraguay, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law38 32 35 39 40 41 36 42 45

Firearm Imports (Number)

The annual number of firearms imported to Paraguay is reported to be

2016: 12,03543

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Paraguay is reported by Customs to be US$

2017: 17,000,000

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Paraguay is high46 47 48

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Paraguay, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law49 38 32 35 42

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Paraguay include50 40 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Paraguay is categorised as restrictive51

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Paraguay includes the Act No. 4036 of 2010 on Firearms, Ammunitions and Explosives52 and its Regulations45 53

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Paraguay are regulated by the Department of Military Equipment (DIMABEL) and the Police54 55 41 56

Right to Possess Firearms

In Paraguay, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law57 58

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Paraguay, civilians are not allowed to possess weapons intended for the exclusive use of state agencies for defence and security,52 59 60 automatic firearms, shotguns with a barrel of less than 470 mm, hand-made firearms, imitation or disguised firearms, and certain types of ammunition61

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Paraguay, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited61

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Paraguay, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law61

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Paraguay, only licensed gun owners62 55 63 64 65 66 67 60 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Paraguay are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example self-defence, collection or sport68 69 70

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Paraguay is 22 years71

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Paraguay must pass a background check which considers criminal71 and mental health70 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Paraguay, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required72

Partner to be Advised or Interviewed

In Paraguay, licensing authorities are not required72 to conduct interviews with, or to advise an applicant's spouse, partner, or next of kin before issuing a gun licence

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Paraguay does not stipulate72 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Paraguay, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required71 73 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Paraguay, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every three years64 65

Licensing Records

In Paraguay, authorities maintain a record74 68 75 41 56 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Paraguay are permitted to possess one firearm per person when working for a private security and surveillance company76

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Paraguay are permitted to possess any quantity of ammunition72

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Paraguay, the law requires67 75 74 68 45 41 56 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Paraguay, licensed firearm dealers are required35 41 74 56 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Paraguay, State agencies are required77 78 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Paraguay, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited without an authorisation from the Executive Authority38 79 32

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Paraguay, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful38 32 63 35

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In Paraguay, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is undetermined72

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Paraguay, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are not regulated72 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Paraguay do not include72 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Paraguay do not include72 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Paraguay include78 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Paraguay include80 81 53 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Paraguay, carrying a gun in a public place is permitted under licence82 83 55 63

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Paraguay, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit82 83 55 63

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Paraguay, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm84 is five years in prison79 and/or a fine85 86

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

Organization of American States

On 14 November 1997, as a member of the Organisation of American States (OAS), Paraguay adopted the Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Explosives, Ammunition and Other Related Materials (CIFTA), a legally binding multilateral treaty of which the OAS is depository. The CIFTA Convention has since been signed and ratified87 88 by Paraguay

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was not signed89 by Paraguay.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified90 by Paraguay

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified91 by Paraguay

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Paraguay committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects92

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Paraguay against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 5993 94 95 96 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Paraguay has submitted one or more national reports97 98 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Paraguay, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated98

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Paraguay, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated98

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Paraguay submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent98

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated98 by Paraguay to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Paraguay has not declared99 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Paraguay has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1945100

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list101 Paraguay as a Participating State

BackgroundSustainable Development Goal Profile

About SDG 16

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are 17 goals set by the United Nations to be implemented by all member states by 2030. Adopted in 2015, they outline a vision of development in which peace and security are an integral part. SDG 16,102 which seeks to “promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development,” includes targets and indicators focused on reducing violence (Target 16.1) and the proliferation of illicit arms (Target 16.4). The indicators – or measurement criteria – of these targets include the number of victims of intentional homicide (Indicator 16.1.1), the number of conflict-related deaths (Indicator 16.1.2), and the number of illicit firearms collected and traced (Indicator 16.4.2). In light of these targets and indicators, GunPolicy.org provides granular national data pertaining to homicides, gun homicides, conflict deaths, disarmament efforts, and marking and tracing.

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Paraguay, annual homicides by any means total

2018: 49716
2017: 541
2016: 669
2015: 61717
2014: 578
2013: 604
2012: 649
2011: 657
2010: 741
2009: 953
2008: 833
2007: 600
2006: 798
2005: 88718 19 20 21 22
2004: 1,209
2003: 1,28518 19 20 21
2002: 1,372
2001: 1,314
2000: 99518 19 20 21 23
1999: 63420 23
1998: 856

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Paraguay, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2018: 7.0716
2017: 7.79
2016: 9.75
2015: 9.10
2014: 8.62
2013: 9.12
2012: 9.92
2011: 10.17
2010: 11.62
2009: 15.15
2008: 13.43
2007: 9.82
2006: 13.25
2005: 15.0218 19 20 21 22 24 10
2004: 20.8718 19 20 21 22 24
2003: 22.6118 19 20 21 24
2002: 24.63
2001: 24.06
2000: 18.60
1999: 12.120 24
1998: 16.7
1997: 18.020
1996: 20.020 24
1995: 18.620

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Paraguay, annual male homicides by any means total

2018: 43416
2017: 57
2016: 614
2015: 56025
2014: 509
2013: 552
2012: 576
2011: 595
2010: 668
2009: 870
2008: 774
2007: 570
2006: 727

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Paraguay, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2018: 12.3216
2017: 1.64
2016: 17.84
2015: 16.46
2014: 15.14
2013: 16.61
2012: 17.55
2011: 18.36
2010: 20.88
2009: 27.55
2008: 24.86
2007: 18.57
2006: 24.05

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Paraguay, annual female homicides by any means total

2018: 6316
2017: 484
2016: 55
2015: 5725
2014: 69
2013: 52
2012: 73
2011: 62
2010: 73
2009: 83
2008: 59
2007: 30
2006: 71

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Paraguay, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2018: 1.8016
2017: 13.98
2016: 1.61
2015: 1.69
2014: 2.07
2013: 1.58
2012: 2.24
2011: 1.93
2010: 2.30
2009: 2.65
2008: 1.91
2007: 0.99
2006: 2.37

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Paraguay, annual firearm homicides total

2015: 39817
2014: 350
2013: 378
2012: 418
2011: 385
2010: 414
2009: 366
2008: 380
2007: 380
2006: 58819 26 27
2005: 646
2000: 40423 27 28
1999: 40323
1998: 514

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Paraguay, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 617
2014: 5.30
2013: 5.80
2012: 6.60
2011: 6.10
2010: 6.70
2009: 5.82
2008: 6.13
2007: 6.22
2006: 9.7711 26 27
2005: 10.90
2000: 7.3523 27 28
1999: 7.5223
1998: 9.85

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Paraguay, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2013: 63%18
2012: 64%18 19
2011: 61%
2010: 62%
2009: 57%
2008: 62%
2007: 61%
2006: 63%
2005: 60%
2000: 61.0%20
1999: 63.6%
1998: 60.0%

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Paraguay, annual male firearm homicides total

2015: 37217
2014: 317
2013: 349
2012: 379
2011: 353
2010: 382
2009: 335
2008: 356
2007: 359

Rate of Male Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Paraguay, the annual rate of male firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2019: 15
2018:
2017: 7.35
2016: 9.18
2015: 1117
2014: 9.50
2013: 10.60
2012: 11.70
2011: 11
2010: 12.10
2009: 10.61
2008: 11.43
2007: 11.70

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Paraguay, annual female firearm homicides total

2015: 2617
2014: 33
2013: 29
2012: 39
2011: 32
2010: 33
2009: 31
2008: 24
2007: 21

Rate of Female Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Paraguay, the annual rate of female firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.8017
2014: 1
2013: 0.90
2012: 1.20
2011: 1
2010: 1.10
2009: 0.99
2008: 0.78
2007: 0.69

Conflict Deaths

For a profile of conflict in Paraguay, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Disarmament

Authorities in Paraguay are known to have45 103 104 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn Paraguay, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2016: 37105
2015: 451106
2014: 465
2010: 3,000107

Small Arms Destroyed

In Paraguay, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be 13,639103 (date to be determined) and 2,615108 (2003)

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Paraguay, it is state policy109 110 111 112 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

Marking and Tracing

Firearm Marking

In Paraguay, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law113 79 77 36 114

Firearm Tracing

In Paraguay, state authorities carry out115 75 32 116 41 36 114 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Paraguay, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are not72 recorded in a register

Global Peace Index

To see where Paraguay ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index, and then click on Paraguay on the map or in the "Select Country" menu on the right of the web page


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Paraguay.2010.‘Prohibited Materials and Accessories (Materiales y accesorios prohibidos).’ Act No. 4.036 on Firearms, their Parts and Components, Ammunition, Explosives, Accessories and Similar Items.Asunción:Congress of the Republic of Paraguay,13 August. (Q9597)Full Citation

62.

Paraguay.2010.‘Possession of Firearms and Ammunition (Tenencia de armas de fuego y municiones).’ Act No. 4.036 on Firearms, their Parts and Components, Ammunition, Explosives, Accessories and Similar Items.Asunción:Congress of the Republic of Paraguay,13 August. (Q9578)Full Citation

63.

Paraguay.2010.‘Validity and Classification of Permits (Validez y clasificación de los permisos).’ Act No. 4.036 on Firearms, their Parts and Components, Ammunition, Explosives, Accessories and Similar Items.Asunción:Congress of the Republic of Paraguay,13 August. (Q9580)Full Citation

64.

Paraguay.2010.‘Possession Permit for Firearms and Ammunition (Permiso de tenencia de armas de fuego y municiones).’ Act No. 4.036 on Firearms, their Parts and Components, Ammunition, Explosives, Accessories and Similar Items.Asunción:Congress of the Republic of Paraguay,13 August. (Q9581)Full Citation

65.

Paraguay.2010.‘Termination of Permits (Pérdida de vigencia de permisos).’ Act No. 4.036 on Firearms, their Parts and Components, Ammunition, Explosives, Accessories and Similar Items.Asunción:Congress of the Republic of Paraguay,13 August. (Q9585)Full Citation

66.

Paraguay.2010.‘Temporary Entry and Exit (Ingreso y salida temporal).’ Act No. 4.036 on Firearms, their Parts and Components, Ammunition, Explosives, Accessories and Similar Items.Asunción:Congress of the Republic of Paraguay,13 August. (Q9586)Full Citation

67.

Paraguay.2010.‘Firearm Registration or Return (Registro o devolución de armas de fuego).’ Act No. 4.036 on Firearms, their Parts and Components, Ammunition, Explosives, Accessories and Similar Items.Asunción:Congress of the Republic of Paraguay,13 August. (Q9601)Full Citation

68.

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Paraguay.2010.‘Requirements for a Carrying Permit Application (Requisitos para la solicitud de permiso para portación).’ Act No. 4.036 on Firearms, their Parts and Components, Ammunition, Explosives, Accessories and Similar Items.Asunción:Congress of the Republic of Paraguay,13 August. (Q9584)Full Citation

71.

Paraguay.2010.‘Requirements for the Registration and the Possession Permit of Firearms (Requisitos para la solicitud de registro y permiso de tenencia de armas de fuego).’ Act No. 4.036 on Firearms, their Parts and Components, Ammunition, Explosives, Accessories and Similar Items.Asunción:Congress of the Republic of Paraguay,13 August. (Q9583)Full Citation

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Paraguay.2010.‘Objective (Objeto).’ Act No. 4.036 on Firearms, their Parts and Components, Ammunition, Explosives, Accessories and Similar Items.Asunción:Congress of the Republic of Paraguay,13 August. (Q12028)Full Citation

73.

Paraguay.2010.‘Suitability for Firearm Use (Idoneidad para el uso de armas de fuego).’ Act No. 4.036 on Firearms, their Parts and Components, Ammunition, Explosives, Accessories and Similar Items.Asunción:Congress of the Republic of Paraguay,13 August. (Q9593)Full Citation

74.

Paraguay.2010.‘Department of the National Firearm Register (Departamento de Registro Nacional de Armas de Fuego).’ Act No. 4.036 on Firearms, their Parts and Components, Ammunition, Explosives, Accessories and Similar Items.Asunción:Congress of the Republic of Paraguay,13 August. (Q9567)Full Citation

75.

Paraguay.2010.‘Database Network (Interconexión de base de datos).’ Act No. 4.036 on Firearms, their Parts and Components, Ammunition, Explosives, Accessories and Similar Items.Asunción:Congress of the Republic of Paraguay,13 August. (Q9569)Full Citation

76.

Paraguay.2010.‘Firearm Registration for Private Security and Surveillance Services (Registro de armas de fuego por servicios de vigilancia y seguridad privada).’ Act No. 4.036 on Firearms, their Parts and Components, Ammunition, Explosives, Accessories and Similar Items.Asunción:Congress of the Republic of Paraguay,13 August. (Q9592)Full Citation

77.

Paraguay.2008.‘Marking.’ National Report of Paraguay on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Paraguay to the United Nations,1 January. (Q4622)Full Citation

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Paraguay.2016.‘Stockpile Management (Gestión de las existencias).’ National Report of Paraguay on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Paraguay to the United Nations,7 April. (Q12389)Full Citation

79.

Paraguay.2010.‘Unlawful Possession (Detentación).’ Act No. 4.036 on Firearms, their Parts and Components, Ammunition, Explosives, Accessories and Similar Items.Asunción:Congress of the Republic of Paraguay,13 August. (Q9600)Full Citation

80.

Paraguay.2010.‘Transport of Firearms and Ammunition (Transporte de armas de fuego y municiones).’ Act No. 4.036 on Firearms, their Parts and Components, Ammunition, Explosives, Accessories and Similar Items.Asunción:Congress of the Republic of Paraguay,13 August. (Q9577)Full Citation

81.

Paraguay.2010.‘International Transit (Tránsito Internacional).’ Act No. 4.036 on Firearms, their Parts and Components, Ammunition, Explosives, Accessories and Similar Items.Asunción:Congress of the Republic of Paraguay,13 August. (Q9587)Full Citation

82.

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