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Paraguay — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Paraguay is

2017: 1,140,0001
2010: 1,000,0002 3
2007: 1,000,0004 5
2006: 1,000,0002 6
:

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Paraguay is

2017: 16.437
2010: 15.69
2007: 16.37
2006: 16.62

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 206 countries, Paraguay ranked at No. 588

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a comparison of the rate of privately owned guns in 206 countries, Paraguay ranked at No.348

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Paraguay is reported to be

2017: 392,0001
2010: 288,8873
2007: 333,4605
2006: 330,0003
2005: 316,0939
2003: 300,9063 10
:

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in Paraguay is

2017: 5.657
2010: 4.53
2007: 5.46
2006: 5.48
2005: 5.34
2003: 5.25
:

Estimated Number of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms

ChartUnregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,11 but in Paraguay there are estimated to be

2017: 748,0001
2010: 711,11312 3 10
2007: 650,0005 4
2006: 670,0009 3
:

Estimated Rate of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

ChartUnregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,11 but in Paraguay the rate of such firearms per 100 people is estimated to be

2017: 10.787
2010: 11.16
2007: 10.64
2006: 11.13

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Paraguay are reported to have 235,78013 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Paraguay are reported to have 21,00014 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Paraguay, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2017: 37515
2016: 481
2015: 430
2014: 421
2013: 420
2012: 405
2011: 408
2010: 431
2009: 492
2008: 483
2007: 479
2006: 496
2005: 523
2004: 518
2003: 591
2001: 513
2000: 452

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Paraguay, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2017: 5.4615
2016: 7.09
2015: 6.41
2014: 6.36
2013: 6.42
2012: 6.27
2011: 6.40
2010: 6.85
2009: 7.93
2008: 7.90
2007: 7.96
2006: 8.37
2005: 8.97
2004: 9.04
2003: 10.50
2001: 9.29
2000: 8.34

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Paraguay, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2017: 34115
2016: 437
2015: 389
2014: 370
2013: 375
2012: 359
2011: 368
2010: 392
2009: 443
2008: 445
2007: 441
2006: 440
2005: 469
2004: 479
2003: 532
2001: 471
2000: 412

Rate of Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Paraguay, the annual rate of male gun death per 100,000 population is

2017: 9.9115
2016: 12.84
2015: 11.57
2014: 11.13
2013: 11.42
2012: 11.08
2011: 11.50
2010: 12.41
2009: 14.23
2008: 14.50
2007: 14.59
2006: 14.79
2005: 16.03
2004: 16.66
2003: 18.83
2001: 16.99
2000: 15.15

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Paraguay, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2017: 3415
2016: 44
2015: 41
2014: 51
2013: 45
2012: 46
2011: 40
2010: 39
2009: 49
2008: 38
2007: 38
2006: 56
2005: 54
2004: 39
2003: 59
2001: 42
2000: 40

Rate of Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Paraguay, the annual rate of female gun death per 100,000 population is

2017: 0.9915
2016: 1.30
2015: 1.23
2014: 1.55
2013: 1.38
2012: 1.43
2011: 1.26
2010: 1.24
2009: 1.59
2008: 1.25
2007: 1.27
2006: 1.90
2005: 1.86
2004: 1.37
2003: 2.11
2001: 1.53
2000: 1.48

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Paraguay, annual homicides by any means total

2021: 52516
2020: 48117
2019: 554
2018: 49718
2017: 541
2016: 669
2015: 61717
2014: 578
2013: 604
2012: 649
2011: 657
2010: 741
2009: 821
2008: 833
2007: 783
2006: 742
2005: 88719 20 21 22 23
2004: 1,209
2003: 1,28519 20 21 22
2002: 1,372
2001: 1,314
2000: 99519 20 21 22 24
1999: 63421 24
1998: 856

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Paraguay, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2021: 7.416
2020: 6.7417
2019: 7.86
2018: 7.14
2017: 7.88
2016: 9.87
2015: 9.22
2014: 8.76
2013: 9.28
2012: 10.11
2011: 10.37
2010: 11.86
2009: 13.32
2008: 13.70
2007: 13.05
2006: 12.55
2005: 15.23
2004: 21.10
2003: 22.81
2002: 24.80
2001: 24.21
2000: 18.69
1999: 12.121 25
1998: 16.7
1997: 18.021
1996: 20.021 25
1995: 18.621

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Paraguay, annual male homicides by any means total

2018: 43418
2017: 57
2016: 614
2015: 56026
2014: 509
2013: 552
2012: 576
2011: 595
2010: 668
2009: 870
2008: 774
2007: 570
2006: 727

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Paraguay, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2018: 12.3218
2017: 1.64
2016: 17.84
2015: 16.46
2014: 15.14
2013: 16.61
2012: 17.55
2011: 18.36
2010: 20.88
2009: 27.55
2008: 24.86
2007: 18.57
2006: 24.05

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Paraguay, annual female homicides by any means total

2018: 6318
2017: 484
2016: 55
2015: 5726
2014: 69
2013: 52
2012: 73
2011: 62
2010: 73
2009: 83
2008: 59
2007: 30
2006: 71

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Paraguay, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2018: 1.8018
2017: 13.98
2016: 1.61
2015: 1.69
2014: 2.07
2013: 1.58
2012: 2.24
2011: 1.93
2010: 2.30
2009: 2.65
2008: 1.91
2007: 0.99
2006: 2.37

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Paraguay, annual firearm homicides total

2020: 28817
2019: 350
2018: 297
2017: 349
2016: 418
2015: 39817
2014: 350
2013: 378
2012: 418
2011: 385
2010: 414
2009: 366
2008: 380
2007: 380
2006: 58820 27 28
2005: 646
2000: 40424 28 29
1999: 40324
1998: 514

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Paraguay, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2020: 4.0417
2019: 4.97
2018: 4.27
2017: 5.08
2016: 6.17
2015: 5.95
2014: 5.30
2013: 5.88
2012: 6.51
2011: 6.10
2010: 6.70
2009: 5.82
2008: 6.13
2007: 6.22
2006: 9.777 27 28
2005: 10.90
2000: 7.3524 28 29
1999: 7.5224
1998: 9.85

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Paraguay, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2013: 63%19
2012: 64%19 20
2011: 61%
2010: 62%
2009: 57%
2008: 62%
2007: 61%
2006: 63%
2005: 60%
2000: 61.0%21
1999: 63.6%
1998: 60.0%

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Paraguay, annual male firearm homicides total

2015: 37217
2014: 317
2013: 349
2012: 379
2011: 353
2010: 382
2009: 335
2008: 356
2007: 359

Rate of Male Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Paraguay, the annual rate of male firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2019: 15
2018:
2017: 7.35
2016: 9.18
2015: 1117
2014: 9.50
2013: 10.60
2012: 11.70
2011: 11
2010: 12.10
2009: 10.61
2008: 11.43
2007: 11.70

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Paraguay, annual female firearm homicides total

2015: 2617
2014: 33
2013: 29
2012: 39
2011: 32
2010: 33
2009: 31
2008: 24
2007: 21

Rate of Female Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Paraguay, the annual rate of female firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.8017
2014: 1
2013: 0.90
2012: 1.20
2011: 1
2010: 1.10
2009: 0.99
2008: 0.78
2007: 0.69

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Paraguay, annual suicides by any means total

2016: 63930
2015: 655
2010: 575
2000: 536

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Paraguay, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 9.3130
2015: 9.66
2010: 9.02
2000: 9.89

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Paraguay, annual male suicides by any means total

2016: 42330
2015: 439
2010: 384
2000: 373

Rate of Male Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Paraguay, the annual rate of male suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 12.2930
2015: 12.90
2010: 12
2000: 13.71

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Paraguay, annual female suicides by any means total

2016: 21530
2015: 216
2010: 191
2000: 164

Rate of Female Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Paraguay, the annual rate of female suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 6.2830
2015: 6.39
2010: 6.01
2000: 6.08

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Paraguay, annual firearm suicides total

2017: 4515
2016: 76
2015: 62
2014: 71
2013: 63
2012: 65
2011: 5731
2010: 46
2009: 71
2008: 66
2007: 47
2006: 57
2005: 58
2004: 65
2003: 47
2001: 51
2000: 3429

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Paraguay, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2017: 0.6615
2016: 1.12
2015: 0.92
2014: 1.07
2013: 0.96
2012: 1.01
2011: 0.89
2010: 0.73
2009: 1.14
2008: 1.08
2007: 0.78
2006: 0.96
2005: 1
2004: 1.13
2003: 0.84
2001: 0.92
2000: 0.63

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Paraguay, annual male firearm suicides total

2017: 3915
2016: 65
2015: 52
2014: 53
2013: 56
2012: 50
2011: 50
2010: 37
2009: 56
2008: 56
2007: 34
2006: 43
2005: 45
2004: 57
2003: 37
2001: 38
2000: 26

Rate of Male Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Paraguay, the annual rate of male firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2017: 1.1215
2016: 1.89
2015: 1.53
2014: 1.58
2013: 1.69
2012: 1.52
2011: 1.54
2010: 1.16
2009: 1.77
2008: 1.80
2007: 1.11
2006: 1.42
2005: 1.51
2004: 1.95
2003: 1.29
2001: 1.37
2000: 0.96

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Paraguay, annual female firearm suicides total

2017: 615
2016: 11
2015: 10
2014: 18
2013: 7
2012: 15
2011: 7
2010: 9
2009: 15
2008: 10
2007: 13
2006: 14
2005: 13
2004: 8
2003: 10
2001: 13
2000: 8

Rate of Female Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Paraguay, the annual rate of female firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2017: 0.1715
2016: 0.32
2015: 0.30
2014: 0.54
2013: 0.21
2012: 0.46
2011: 0.22
2010: 0.28
2009: 0.48
2008: 0.32
2007: 0.43
2006: 0.47
2005: 0.44
2004: 0.28
2003: 0.35
2001: 0.47
2000: 0.30

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Paraguay, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2017: 1515
2016: 15
2015: 19
2014: 18
2013: 18
2012: 8
2011: 1631
2010: 13
2009: 21
2008: 18
2007: 17
2006: 29
2005: 19
2004: 15
2003: 10
2001: 24
2000: 1529

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Paraguay, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2017: 0.2215
2016: 0.22
2015: 0.28
2014: 0.27
2013: 0.27
2012: 0.12
2011: 0.25
2010: 0.20
2009: 0.33
2008: 0.29
2007: 0.28
2006: 0.48
2005: 0.32
2004: 0.26
2003: 0.17
2001: 0.43
2000: 0.28

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Paraguay, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2017: 1415
2016: 14
2015: 18
2014: 16
2013: 16
2012: 6
2011: 13
2010: 10
2009: 20
2008: 18
2007: 17
2006: 26
2005: 14
2004: 13
2003: 7
2001: 22
2000: 13

Rate of Unintentional Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Paraguay, the annual rate of unintentional male shooting death per 100,000 population is

2017: 0.4015
2016: 0.41
2015: 0.53
2014: 0.48
2013: 0.48
2012: 0.18
2011: 0.40
2010: 0.31
2009: 0.63
2008: 0.58
2007: 0.55
2006: 0.86
2005: 0.47
2004: 0.44
2003: 0.24
2001: 0.79
2000: 0.48

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Paraguay, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2017: 115
2016: 1
2015: 1
2014: 2
2013: 2
2012: 2
2011: 3
2010: 3
2009: 1
2006: 3
2005: 5
2004: 2
2003: 3
2001: 2
2000: 2

Rate of Unintentional Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Paraguay, the annual rate of unintentional female shooting death per 100,000 population is

2017: 0.0315
2016: 0.03
2015: 0.03
2014: 0.06
2013: 0.06
2012: 0.06
2011: 0.09
2010: 0.09
2009: 0.03
2006: 0.10
2005: 0.17
2004: 0.07
2003: 0.11
2001: 0.07
2000: 0.07

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Paraguay, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2017: 615
2016: 13
2015: 10
2014: 16
2013: 9
2012: 7
2011: 1631
2010: 22
2009: 3332
2008: 18
2007: 26
2006: 25
2005: 35
2004: 51
2003: 100
2001: 59
2000: 14

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Paraguay, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2019: 015
2018: 0
2017: 0.09
2016: 0.19
2015: 0.15
2014: 0.24
2013: 0.14
2012: 0.11
2011: 0.25
2010: 0.35
2009: 0.52
2008: 0.29
2007: 0.43
2006: 0.42
2005: 0.59
2004: 0.88
2003: 1.75
2001: 1.07
2000: 0.26

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Paraguay, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 1215
2013: 9
2012: 5
2011: 13
2010: 22
2009: 30
2008: 14
2007: 23

Rate of Male Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Paraguay, the annual rate of unknown-cause male shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.3615
2013: 0.27
2012: 0.15
2011: 0.40
2010: 0.69
2009: 0.95
2008: 0.45
2007: 0.75

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Paraguay, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2016: 115
2014: 4
2013: 0
2012: 2
2011: 3
2010: 0
2009: 3
2008: 4
2007: 3
2006: 4
2005: 4
2004: 3
2003: 11
2001: 10
2000: 1

Rate of Female Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Paraguay, the annual rate of unknown-cause female shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.0315
2014: 0.12
2012: 0.06
2011: 0.09
2009: 0.10
2008: 0.13
2007: 0.10
2006: 0.13
2005: 0.14
2004: 0.10
2003: 0.39
2001: 0.36
2000: 0.04

Legal Intervention Gun Homicides

ChartIn Paraguay, annual legal-intervention gun homicides total

2014: 115
2013: 1
2012: 18
2011: 6
2010: 7
2009: 5
2008: 4
2007: 13

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Paraguay, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence,33 34 35 36 but is not conducted in practice37 38

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Paraguay, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law39 33 36 40 41 42 43

Firearm Exports (Number)

The annual number of firearms exported from Paraguay is reported by manufacturers to be

2019: 044

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Paraguay is reported by Customs to be US$124,83045 (2004)

Firearm Imports

In Paraguay, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law39 33 36 40 41 42 37 43 46

Firearm Imports (Number)

The annual number of firearms imported to Paraguay is reported to be

2016: 12,03544

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Paraguay is reported by Customs to be US$

2017: 17,000,000

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Paraguay is high47 48 49

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Paraguay, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law50 39 33 36 43

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Paraguay include51 41 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Paraguay is categorised as restrictive52

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Paraguay includes the Act No. 4036 of 2010 on Firearms, Ammunitions and Explosives53 and its Regulations46 54

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Paraguay are regulated by the Department of Military Equipment (DIMABEL) and the Police55 56 42 57

Right to Possess Firearms

In Paraguay, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law58 59

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Paraguay, civilians are not allowed to possess weapons intended for the exclusive use of state agencies for defence and security,53 60 61 automatic firearms, shotguns with a barrel of less than 470 mm, hand-made firearms, imitation or disguised firearms, and certain types of ammunition62

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Paraguay, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited62

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Paraguay, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law62

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Paraguay, only licensed gun owners63 56 64 65 66 67 68 61 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Paraguay are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example self-defence, collection or sport69 70 71

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Paraguay is 22 years72

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Paraguay must pass a background check which considers criminal72 and mental health71 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Paraguay, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required73

Partner to be Advised or Interviewed

In Paraguay, licensing authorities are not required73 to conduct interviews with, or to advise an applicant's spouse, partner, or next of kin before issuing a gun licence

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Paraguay does not stipulate73 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Paraguay, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required72 74 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Paraguay, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every three years65 66

Licensing Records

In Paraguay, authorities maintain a record75 69 76 42 57 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Paraguay are permitted to possess one firearm per person when working for a private security and surveillance company77

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Paraguay are permitted to possess any quantity of ammunition73

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Paraguay, the law requires68 76 75 69 46 42 57 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Paraguay, licensed firearm dealers are required36 42 75 57 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Paraguay, State agencies are required78 79 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Paraguay, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited without an authorisation from the Executive Authority39 80 33

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Paraguay, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful39 33 64 36

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In Paraguay, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is undetermined73

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Paraguay, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are not regulated73 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Paraguay do not include73 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Paraguay do not include73 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Paraguay include79 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Paraguay include81 82 54 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Paraguay, carrying a gun in a public place is permitted under licence83 84 56 64

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Paraguay, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit83 84 56 64

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Paraguay, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm85 is five years in prison80 and/or a fine86 87

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

Organization of American States

On 14 November 1997, as a member of the Organisation of American States (OAS), Paraguay adopted the Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Explosives, Ammunition and Other Related Materials (CIFTA), a legally binding multilateral treaty of which the OAS is depository. The CIFTA Convention has since been signed and ratified88 89 by Paraguay

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was not signed90 by Paraguay.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified91 by Paraguay

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been acceded to92 by Paraguay

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Paraguay committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects93

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Paraguay against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 5994 95 96 97 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Paraguay has submitted one or more national reports98 99 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Paraguay, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated99

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Paraguay, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated99

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Paraguay submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent99

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated99 by Paraguay to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Paraguay has not declared100 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Paraguay has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1945101

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list102 Paraguay as a Participating State

BackgroundSustainable Development Goal Profile

About SDG 16

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are 17 goals set by the United Nations to be implemented by all member states by 2030. Adopted in 2015, they outline a vision of development in which peace and security are an integral part. SDG 16,103 which seeks to “promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development,” includes targets and indicators focused on reducing violence (Target 16.1) and the proliferation of illicit arms (Target 16.4). The indicators – or measurement criteria – of these targets include the number of victims of intentional homicide (Indicator 16.1.1), the number of conflict-related deaths (Indicator 16.1.2), and the number of illicit firearms collected and traced (Indicator 16.4.2). In light of these targets and indicators, GunPolicy.org provides granular national data pertaining to homicides, gun homicides, conflict deaths, disarmament efforts, and marking and tracing.

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Paraguay, annual homicides by any means total

2021: 52516
2020: 48117
2019: 554
2018: 49718
2017: 541
2016: 669
2015: 61717
2014: 578
2013: 604
2012: 649
2011: 657
2010: 741
2009: 821
2008: 833
2007: 783
2006: 742
2005: 88719 20 21 22 23
2004: 1,209
2003: 1,28519 20 21 22
2002: 1,372
2001: 1,314
2000: 99519 20 21 22 24
1999: 63421 24
1998: 856

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Paraguay, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2021: 7.416
2020: 6.7417
2019: 7.86
2018: 7.14
2017: 7.88
2016: 9.87
2015: 9.22
2014: 8.76
2013: 9.28
2012: 10.11
2011: 10.37
2010: 11.86
2009: 13.32
2008: 13.70
2007: 13.05
2006: 12.55
2005: 15.23
2004: 21.10
2003: 22.81
2002: 24.80
2001: 24.21
2000: 18.69
1999: 12.121 25
1998: 16.7
1997: 18.021
1996: 20.021 25
1995: 18.621

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Paraguay, annual male homicides by any means total

2018: 43418
2017: 57
2016: 614
2015: 56026
2014: 509
2013: 552
2012: 576
2011: 595
2010: 668
2009: 870
2008: 774
2007: 570
2006: 727

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Paraguay, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2018: 12.3218
2017: 1.64
2016: 17.84
2015: 16.46
2014: 15.14
2013: 16.61
2012: 17.55
2011: 18.36
2010: 20.88
2009: 27.55
2008: 24.86
2007: 18.57
2006: 24.05

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Paraguay, annual female homicides by any means total

2018: 6318
2017: 484
2016: 55
2015: 5726
2014: 69
2013: 52
2012: 73
2011: 62
2010: 73
2009: 83
2008: 59
2007: 30
2006: 71

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Paraguay, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2018: 1.8018
2017: 13.98
2016: 1.61
2015: 1.69
2014: 2.07
2013: 1.58
2012: 2.24
2011: 1.93
2010: 2.30
2009: 2.65
2008: 1.91
2007: 0.99
2006: 2.37

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Paraguay, annual firearm homicides total

2020: 28817
2019: 350
2018: 297
2017: 349
2016: 418
2015: 39817
2014: 350
2013: 378
2012: 418
2011: 385
2010: 414
2009: 366
2008: 380
2007: 380
2006: 58820 27 28
2005: 646
2000: 40424 28 29
1999: 40324
1998: 514

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Paraguay, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2020: 4.0417
2019: 4.97
2018: 4.27
2017: 5.08
2016: 6.17
2015: 5.95
2014: 5.30
2013: 5.88
2012: 6.51
2011: 6.10
2010: 6.70
2009: 5.82
2008: 6.13
2007: 6.22
2006: 9.777 27 28
2005: 10.90
2000: 7.3524 28 29
1999: 7.5224
1998: 9.85

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Paraguay, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2013: 63%19
2012: 64%19 20
2011: 61%
2010: 62%
2009: 57%
2008: 62%
2007: 61%
2006: 63%
2005: 60%
2000: 61.0%21
1999: 63.6%
1998: 60.0%

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Paraguay, annual male firearm homicides total

2015: 37217
2014: 317
2013: 349
2012: 379
2011: 353
2010: 382
2009: 335
2008: 356
2007: 359

Rate of Male Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Paraguay, the annual rate of male firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2019: 15
2018:
2017: 7.35
2016: 9.18
2015: 1117
2014: 9.50
2013: 10.60
2012: 11.70
2011: 11
2010: 12.10
2009: 10.61
2008: 11.43
2007: 11.70

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Paraguay, annual female firearm homicides total

2015: 2617
2014: 33
2013: 29
2012: 39
2011: 32
2010: 33
2009: 31
2008: 24
2007: 21

Rate of Female Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Paraguay, the annual rate of female firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.8017
2014: 1
2013: 0.90
2012: 1.20
2011: 1
2010: 1.10
2009: 0.99
2008: 0.78
2007: 0.69

Conflict Deaths

For a profile of conflict in Paraguay, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Disarmament

Authorities in Paraguay are known to have46 104 105 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn Paraguay, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2016: 37106
2015: 451107
2014: 465
2010: 3,000108

Small Arms Destroyed

In Paraguay, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be 13,639104 (date to be determined) and 2,615109 (2003)

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Paraguay, it is state policy110 111 112 113 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

Marking and Tracing

Firearm Marking

In Paraguay, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law114 80 78 37 115

Firearm Tracing

In Paraguay, state authorities carry out116 76 33 117 42 37 115 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Paraguay, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are not originally73 recorded in a register

Global Peace Index

To see where Paraguay ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index, and then click on Paraguay on the map or in the "Select Country" menu on the right of the web page


Short References

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Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Law Enforcement Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Law Enforcement Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13435)Full Citation

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UNODC.2013.‘Homicide in 207 Countries - Paraguay.’ Global Study on Homicide 2011: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,26 June. (Q6330)Full Citation

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OAS Hemispheric Citizen Security Observatory.2012.‘Intentional Homicide 2000-2011.’ Report on Citizen Security in the Americas 2012.Washington, DC:Organisation of American States,1 July. (Q9209)Full Citation

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UNODC.2004.‘Recorded Intentional Homicide, Completed.’ Seventh United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (1998-2000).Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,19 March. (Q91)Full Citation

25.

Petrini, Benjamin.2011.‘Latin America and the Caribbean, 1995-2008, Total Recorded Intentional Homicide, Completed, Rate per 100,000 Population.’ World Bank Homicide Rate Dataset 1995-2008.Washington, DC:Social Development Department, World Bank,10 February. (Q3817)Full Citation

26.

UNODC.2017.‘Intentional Homicide Victims by Sex.’ Crime and Drugs Data.Vienna:UNODC,19 May. (Q13356)Full Citation

27.

UNODC.2008.‘Recorded Intentional Homicide, Completed.’ Tenth United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (2005-2006).Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,10 December. (Q10)Full Citation

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OAS Hemispheric Citizen Security Observatory.2012.‘Intentional Homicide Committed by Firearms 2000-2010.’ Report on Citizen Security in the Americas 2012.Washington, DC:Organisation of American States,1 July. (Q9210)Full Citation

29.

Jackson, Thomas.2005.‘Global Gun Deaths.’ NISAT Firearm Mortality Database 2005.Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers,1 January. (Q12)Full Citation

30.

WHO.2018.‘Violent Death Estimates by Country.’ Disease Burden and Mortality Estimates: Cause-Specific Mortality, 2000–2016.Geneva:World Health Organization,1 January. (Q14136)Full Citation

31.

Waiselfiz, Julio Jacobo.2015.‘Number and Rate of Gun Deaths in 90 Countries (Número e taxas de mortalidade por AF segundo causa básica em 90 países do mundo).’ Violence Map: Deaths by Firearms (Mapa da Violência: Mortes Matadas por Armas de Fogo).Brasilia:Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales / Latin American Social Sciences Institute,1 January. (Q11896)Full Citation

32.

Fleitas, Diego Manuel, Germán Lodola and Hernán Flom.2014.‘Country Profiles on Crime and Violence: Paraguay.’ Crime and Violence in Latin America and the Caribbean: Regional Country Profiles.Buenos Aires:Asociación para Políticas Públicas (APP) and Action on Armed Violence,1 January. (Q11453)Full Citation

33.

Paraguay.2010.‘Definitions (Definiciones).’ Act No. 4.036 on Firearms, their Parts and Components, Ammunition, Explosives, Accessories and Similar Items.Asunción:Congress of the Republic of Paraguay,13 August. (Q9571)Full Citation

34.

Paraguay.2010.‘Firearm Repair (Reparación de armas de fuego).’ Act No. 4.036 on Firearms, their Parts and Components, Ammunition, Explosives, Accessories and Similar Items.Asunción:Congress of the Republic of Paraguay,13 August. (Q9590)Full Citation

35.

Paraguay.2010.‘Reloading Ammunition (Recarga de municiones).’ Act No. 4.036 on Firearms, their Parts and Components, Ammunition, Explosives, Accessories and Similar Items.Asunción:Congress of the Republic of Paraguay,13 August. (Q9591)Full Citation

36.

Paraguay.2010.‘Conserving Documents (Conservación de documentos).’ Act No. 4.036 on Firearms, their Parts and Components, Ammunition, Explosives, Accessories and Similar Items.Asunción:Congress of the Republic of Paraguay,13 August. (Q9602)Full Citation

37.

Paraguay.2014.‘Firearm Marking (Marcaje de armas de fuego).’ National Report of Paraguay on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Paraguay to the United Nations,1 April. (Q10073)Full Citation

38.

Paraguay.2007.‘Manufacturing and Trafficking (Fabricación y Tráfico).’ National Report of Paraguay on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Paraguay to the United Nations,1 January. (Q9605)Full Citation

39.

Paraguay.2010.‘Import, Export, Trade, International Transit and Brokering of Firearms (Importación, exportación, comercialización, tránsito internacional e intermediación de armas de fuego).’ Act No. 4.036 on Firearms, their Parts and Components, Ammunition, Explosives, Accessories and Similar Items.Asunción:Congress of the Republic of Paraguay,13 August. (Q9596)Full Citation

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45.

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Paraguay.2014.‘Registered Firearms (Armas Registradas).’ National Report of Paraguay on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Paraguay to the United Nations,1 April. (Q10071)Full Citation

47.

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48.

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50.

Paraguay.2010.‘Brokering (Intermediación).’ Act No. 4.036 on Firearms, their Parts and Components, Ammunition, Explosives, Accessories and Similar Items.Asunción:Congress of the Republic of Paraguay,13 August. (Q9588)Full Citation

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Paraguay.2016.‘Marking (Marcaje).’ National Report of Paraguay on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Paraguay to the United Nations,7 April. (Q12392)Full Citation

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Paraguay.2010.‘Objective (Objeto).’ Act No. 4.036 on Firearms, their Parts and Components, Ammunition, Explosives, Accessories and Similar Items.Asunción:Congress of the Republic of Paraguay,13 August. (Q9563)Full Citation

54.

Paraguay.2014.‘International Transit of Firearms (Transito internacional de armas de fuego).’ National Report of Paraguay on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Paraguay to the United Nations,1 April. (Q10072)Full Citation

55.

Paraguay.2010.‘Competent Authority (Autoridad Competente).’ Act No. 4.036 on Firearms, their Parts and Components, Ammunition, Explosives, Accessories and Similar Items.Asunción:Congress of the Republic of Paraguay,13 August. (Q9565)Full Citation

56.

Paraguay.2010.‘Permission from the Executive Authority (Permiso del Poder Ejecutivo).’ Act No. 4.036 on Firearms, their Parts and Components, Ammunition, Explosives, Accessories and Similar Items.Asunción:Congress of the Republic of Paraguay,13 August. (Q9579)Full Citation

57.

Paraguay.2007.‘Manufacturing and Trafficking (Fabricación y Tráfico).’ National Report of Paraguay on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Paraguay to the United Nations,1 January. (Q4621)Full Citation

58.

Sherman, Amy and Tom Ginsburg.2014.‘Gun Rights in National Constitutions.’ Marco Rubio Says Second Amendment Is Unique in Speech to NRA.Miami, FL:Miami Herald (PolitiFact Florida),29 April. (Q8507)Full Citation

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Zachary Elkins, Tom Ginsburg and James Melton. 2013. ‘U.S. Gun Rights Truly Are American Exceptionalism.’ Bloomberg (USA). 7 March. (N422) Full Citation

60.

Paraguay.2010.‘Exclusive use of Firearms by State Agencies of Defence and Security (Armas de fuego de uso privativo de los Órganos de Defensa y Seguridad del Estado).’ Act No. 4.036 on Firearms, their Parts and Components, Ammunition, Explosives, Accessories and Similar Items.Asunción:Congress of the Republic of Paraguay,13 August. (Q9572)Full Citation

61.

Paraguay.2010.‘Principles (Principios).’ Act No. 4.036 on Firearms, their Parts and Components, Ammunition, Explosives, Accessories and Similar Items.Asunción:Congress of the Republic of Paraguay,13 August. (Q9564)Full Citation

62.

Paraguay.2010.‘Prohibited Materials and Accessories (Materiales y accesorios prohibidos).’ Act No. 4.036 on Firearms, their Parts and Components, Ammunition, Explosives, Accessories and Similar Items.Asunción:Congress of the Republic of Paraguay,13 August. (Q9597)Full Citation

63.

Paraguay.2010.‘Possession of Firearms and Ammunition (Tenencia de armas de fuego y municiones).’ Act No. 4.036 on Firearms, their Parts and Components, Ammunition, Explosives, Accessories and Similar Items.Asunción:Congress of the Republic of Paraguay,13 August. (Q9578)Full Citation

64.

Paraguay.2010.‘Validity and Classification of Permits (Validez y clasificación de los permisos).’ Act No. 4.036 on Firearms, their Parts and Components, Ammunition, Explosives, Accessories and Similar Items.Asunción:Congress of the Republic of Paraguay,13 August. (Q9580)Full Citation

65.

Paraguay.2010.‘Possession Permit for Firearms and Ammunition (Permiso de tenencia de armas de fuego y municiones).’ Act No. 4.036 on Firearms, their Parts and Components, Ammunition, Explosives, Accessories and Similar Items.Asunción:Congress of the Republic of Paraguay,13 August. (Q9581)Full Citation

66.

Paraguay.2010.‘Termination of Permits (Pérdida de vigencia de permisos).’ Act No. 4.036 on Firearms, their Parts and Components, Ammunition, Explosives, Accessories and Similar Items.Asunción:Congress of the Republic of Paraguay,13 August. (Q9585)Full Citation

67.

Paraguay.2010.‘Temporary Entry and Exit (Ingreso y salida temporal).’ Act No. 4.036 on Firearms, their Parts and Components, Ammunition, Explosives, Accessories and Similar Items.Asunción:Congress of the Republic of Paraguay,13 August. (Q9586)Full Citation

68.

Paraguay.2010.‘Firearm Registration or Return (Registro o devolución de armas de fuego).’ Act No. 4.036 on Firearms, their Parts and Components, Ammunition, Explosives, Accessories and Similar Items.Asunción:Congress of the Republic of Paraguay,13 August. (Q9601)Full Citation

69.

Paraguay.2010.‘Department for the Carrying of Firearms (Departamento de Portación de Armas de Fuego).’ Act No. 4.036 on Firearms, their Parts and Components, Ammunition, Explosives, Accessories and Similar Items.Asunción:Congress of the Republic of Paraguay,13 August. (Q9568)Full Citation

70.

Paraguay.2010.‘Firearms for Civilian Use (Armas de fuego de uso civil).’ Act No. 4.036 on Firearms, their Parts and Components, Ammunition, Explosives, Accessories and Similar Items.Asunción:Congress of the Republic of Paraguay,13 August. (Q9573)Full Citation

71.

Paraguay.2010.‘Requirements for a Carrying Permit Application (Requisitos para la solicitud de permiso para portación).’ Act No. 4.036 on Firearms, their Parts and Components, Ammunition, Explosives, Accessories and Similar Items.Asunción:Congress of the Republic of Paraguay,13 August. (Q9584)Full Citation

72.

Paraguay.2010.‘Requirements for the Registration and the Possession Permit of Firearms (Requisitos para la solicitud de registro y permiso de tenencia de armas de fuego).’ Act No. 4.036 on Firearms, their Parts and Components, Ammunition, Explosives, Accessories and Similar Items.Asunción:Congress of the Republic of Paraguay,13 August. (Q9583)Full Citation

73.

Paraguay.2010.‘Objective (Objeto).’ Act No. 4.036 on Firearms, their Parts and Components, Ammunition, Explosives, Accessories and Similar Items.Asunción:Congress of the Republic of Paraguay,13 August. (Q12028)Full Citation

74.

Paraguay.2010.‘Suitability for Firearm Use (Idoneidad para el uso de armas de fuego).’ Act No. 4.036 on Firearms, their Parts and Components, Ammunition, Explosives, Accessories and Similar Items.Asunción:Congress of the Republic of Paraguay,13 August. (Q9593)Full Citation

75.

Paraguay.2010.‘Department of the National Firearm Register (Departamento de Registro Nacional de Armas de Fuego).’ Act No. 4.036 on Firearms, their Parts and Components, Ammunition, Explosives, Accessories and Similar Items.Asunción:Congress of the Republic of Paraguay,13 August. (Q9567)Full Citation

76.

Paraguay.2010.‘Database Network (Interconexión de base de datos).’ Act No. 4.036 on Firearms, their Parts and Components, Ammunition, Explosives, Accessories and Similar Items.Asunción:Congress of the Republic of Paraguay,13 August. (Q9569)Full Citation

77.

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