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Paraguay — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Paraguay is

2017: 1,140,0001
2012: 1,000,0002 3 4

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Paraguay is

2017: 16.701
2012: 15.42 4

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Paraguay ranked at No. 465

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Paraguay ranked at No. 374

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Paraguay is reported to be

2017: 392,0001
2010: 288,8876
2007: 333,4607
2006: 330,0008
2005: 316,0939
2003: 300,9066 10

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in Paraguay is

2010: 4.5311
2007: 5.45
2006: 5.708
2005: 5.59
2003: 5.2511

Estimated Number of Illicit Firearms

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Paraguay there are estimated to be 650,0007 3 10 to 1,000,0009

Estimated Rate of Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Paraguay the rate of illicit firearms per 100 people is estimated to be 10.6311 to 16.88

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Paraguay are reported to have 235,78012 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Paraguay are reported to have 21,00013 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Paraguay, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 42314
2013: 424
2012: 403
2011: 41315
2010: 435
2009: 49616
2000: 45417 18

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Paraguay, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 6.3114
2013: 6.40
2012: 6.16
2011: 6.39
2010: 6.82
2009: 7.8811
2000: 8.38

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Paraguay, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 37214
2013: 379
2012: 356
2011: 373
2010: 395

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Paraguay, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 5114
2013: 45
2012: 47
2011: 40
2010: 40

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Paraguay, annual homicides by any means total

2015: 61719
2014: 55014
2013: 537
2012: 524
2011: 553
2010: 631
2009: 95320 21 22 23 24
2008: 833
2007: 90620 21 22 23 24 10
2006: 798
2005: 88720 21 22 23 24
2004: 1,209
2003: 1,28520 21 22 23
2002: 1,372
2001: 1,314
2000: 99520 21 22 23 17
1999: 63422 17
1998: 856

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Paraguay, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 9.2919
2014: 6.3114
2013: 6.40
2012: 6.16
2011: 6.39
2010: 6.82
2009: 15.0120 21 22 23 24
2008: 13.36
2007: 14.7920 21 22 23 24 25
2006: 13.27
2005: 15.0220 21 22 23 24 25 10
2004: 20.8720 21 22 23 24 25
2003: 22.6120 21 22 23 25
2002: 24.63
2001: 24.06
2000: 18.60
1999: 12.122 25
1998: 16.7
1997: 18.022
1996: 20.022 25
1995: 18.622

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Paraguay, annual male homicides by any means total

2015: 56026
2014: 49114
2013: 477
2012: 464
2011: 497
2010: 565

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Paraguay, annual female homicides by any means total

2015: 5726
2014: 5914
2013: 60
2012: 60
2011: 56
2010: 66

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Paraguay, annual firearm homicides total

2014: 31814
2013: 334
2012: 323
2011: 324
2010: 354
2009: 46821 22 27
2008: 51621
2007: 478
2006: 58821 28 27
2005: 646
2000: 40417 27 18
1999: 40317
1998: 514

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Paraguay, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 4.7414
2013: 5.04
2012: 4.94
2011: 5.02
2010: 5.55
2009: 7.4411 22 27
2008: 8.3211
2007: 7.82
2006: 9.7711 28 27
2005: 10.90
2000: 7.3517 27 18
1999: 7.5217
1998: 9.85

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Paraguay, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2013: 63%20
2012: 64%20 21
2011: 61%
2010: 62%
2009: 57%
2008: 62%
2007: 61%
2006: 63%
2005: 60%
2000: 61.0%22
1999: 63.6%
1998: 60.0%

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Paraguay, annual male firearm homicides total

2015: 29114
2014: 291
2013: 298
2012: 295
2011: 297
2010: 326

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Paraguay, annual female firearm homicides total

2015: 2714
2014: 27
2013: 36
2012: 28
2011: 27
2010: 28

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Paraguay, annual suicides by any means total

2014: 38314
2013: 324
2012: 278
2011: 298
2010: 223
2009: 45729 30
2008: 374
2007: 392
2006: 427
2005: 419
2004: 406
2003: 313
2002: 357
2001: 289
2000: 28429 18

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Paraguay, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2014: 5.7114
2013: 4.89
2012: 4.25
2011: 4.61
2010: 3.50
2009: 7.229
2008: 6.0
2007: 6.4
2006: 7.129 30
2005: 7.129
2004: 7.029 30
2003: 5.529
2002: 6.4
2001: 5.3
2000: 5.329 18

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Paraguay, annual male suicides by any means total

2014: 27114
2013: 250
2012: 190
2011: 222
2010: 160

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Paraguay, annual female suicides by any means total

2014: 11214
2013: 74
2012: 88
2011: 76
2010: 63

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Paraguay, annual firearm suicides total

2014: 7114
2013: 63
2012: 65
2011: 5715
2010: 46
2009: 7316
2000: 3418

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Paraguay, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 1.0614
2013: 0.95
2012: 0.99
2011: 0.88
2010: 0.72
2009: 1.1611
2000: 0.5818

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Paraguay, annual male firearm suicides total

2014: 5314
2013: 56
2012: 50
2011: 50
2010: 37

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Paraguay, annual female firearm suicides total

2014: 1814
2013: 7
2012: 15
2011: 7
2010: 9

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Paraguay, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2014: 1814
2013: 18
2012: 8
2011: 1615
2010: 13
2009: 1916
2000: 1518

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Paraguay, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.2414
2013: 0.14
2012: 0.11
2011: 0.25
2010: 0.35
2009: 0.30
2000: 0.2618

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Paraguay, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2014: 1614
2013: 16
2012: 6
2011: 13
2010: 10

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Paraguay, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2014: 214
2013: 2
2012: 2
2011: 3
2010: 3

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Paraguay, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 1614
2013: 9
2012: 7
2011: 1615
2010: 22
2009: 3316
2000: 118

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Paraguay, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.2511
2009: 0.52
2000: 0.0218

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Paraguay, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 1214
2013: 9
2012: 5
2011: 13
2010: 22

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Paraguay, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 414
2013: 0
2012: 2
2011: 3
2010: 0

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Paraguay, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence,31 32 33 34 but is not conducted in practice35 36

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Paraguay, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law37 31 34 38 39 40 41

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Paraguay is reported by Customs to be US$124,83042 (2004)

Firearm Imports

In Paraguay, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law37 31 34 38 39 40 35 41 43

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Paraguay is reported by Customs to be US$7,375,08142 (2011)44 45 46

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Paraguay is high47 48 46

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Paraguay, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law49 37 31 34 41

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Paraguay include50 39 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Paraguay is categorised as restrictive51

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Paraguay includes the Act No. 4036 of 2010 on Firearms, Ammunitions and Explosives52 and its Regulations43 53

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Paraguay are regulated by the Department of Military Equipment (DIMABEL) and the Police54 55 40 56

Right to Possess Firearms

In Paraguay, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law57 58

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Paraguay, civilians are not allowed to possess weapons intended for the exclusive use of state agencies for defence and security,52 59 60 automatic firearms, shotguns with a barrel of less than 470 mm, hand-made firearms, imitation or disguised firearms, and certain types of ammunition61

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Paraguay, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited61

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Paraguay, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law61

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Paraguay, only licensed gun owners62 55 63 64 65 66 67 60 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Paraguay are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example self-defence, collection or sport68 69 70

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Paraguay is 22 years71

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Paraguay must pass a background check which considers criminal71 and mental health70 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Paraguay, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required72

Partner to be Advised or Interviewed

In Paraguay, licensing authorities are not required72 to conduct interviews with, or to advise an applicant's spouse, partner, or next of kin before issuing a gun licence

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Paraguay does not stipulate72 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Paraguay, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required71 73 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Paraguay, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every three years64 65

Licensing Records

In Paraguay, authorities maintain a record74 68 75 40 56 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Paraguay are permitted to possess one firearm per person when working for a private security and surveillance company76

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Paraguay are permitted to possess any quantity of ammunition72

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Paraguay, the law requires67 75 74 68 43 40 56 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Paraguay, licensed firearm dealers are required34 40 74 56 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Paraguay, State agencies are required77 78 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Paraguay, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited without an authorisation from the Executive Authority37 79 31

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Paraguay, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful37 31 63 34

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In Paraguay, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is undetermined72

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Paraguay, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are not regulated72 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Paraguay do not include72 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Paraguay do not include72 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Paraguay include78 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Paraguay include80 81 53 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Paraguay, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law82 79 77 35 83

Firearm Tracing

In Paraguay, state authorities carry out84 75 31 85 40 35 83 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Paraguay, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are not72 recorded in a register

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Paraguay, carrying a gun in a public place is permitted under licence86 87 55 63

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Paraguay, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit86 87 55 63

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Paraguay, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm88 is five years in prison79 and/or a fine89 90

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in Paraguay are known to have43 91 92 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn Paraguay, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2015: 45193
2014: 465
2010: 3,00094

Small Arms Destroyed

In Paraguay, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be 13,63991 (date to be determined) and 2,61595 (2003)

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Paraguay, it is state policy96 97 98 99 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

Organization of American States

On 14 November 1997, as a member of the Organisation of American States (OAS), Paraguay adopted the Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Explosives, Ammunition and Other Related Materials (CIFTA), a legally binding multilateral treaty of which the OAS is depository. The CIFTA Convention has since been signed and ratified100 101 by Paraguay

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was not signed102 by Paraguay.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified103 by Paraguay

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified104 by Paraguay

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Paraguay committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects105

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Paraguay against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 59106 107 108 109 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Paraguay has submitted one or more national reports110 111 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Paraguay, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated111

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Paraguay, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated111

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Paraguay submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent111

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated111 by Paraguay to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Paraguay has not declared112 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Paraguay has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1945113

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list114 Paraguay as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Paraguay, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Paraguay ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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