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Armed violence prevention, gun control laws and the small arms trade:

Oman — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Oman is

2017: 792,0001
2007: 650,0002

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Oman is

2017: 16.701
2007: 25.42

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Oman ranked at No. 693

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Oman ranked at No. 172

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

The number of licensed gun owners in Oman is reported to be 5,0004

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

The rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in Oman is 0.215

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Oman are reported to have 118,3606 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Oman are reported to have 31,0007 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

In Oman, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2010: 28

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

In Oman, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.078

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

In Oman, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2010: 18

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

In Oman, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2010: 18

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Oman, annual homicides by any means total

2011: 349 10
2010: 38
2008: 189 11
2007: 18
2002: 159 12
2001: 13

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Oman, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2011: 1.0613
2010: 0.078
2008: 0.79 11 14
2007: 0.79 11 14
2006: 1.2914
2005: 1.67
2004: 2.10
2003: 0.90
2002: 0.69 11 14
2001: 0.6
1997: 0.9114
1995: 0.94

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

In Oman, annual male homicides by any means total

2010: 28

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

In Oman, annual female homicides by any means total

2010: 18

Gun Homicides

In Oman, annual firearm homicides total

2010: 08

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

In Oman, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2010: 08

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

In Oman, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2011: 4%10

Male Gun Homicide Victims

In Oman, annual male firearm homicides total

2010: 08

Female Gun Homicide Victims

In Oman, annual female firearm homicides total

2010: 08

Handgun Homicides

In Oman, annual handgun homicides total

2012: 315

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

In Oman, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.105

Suicides (any method)

In Oman, annual suicides by any means total

2010: 168

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

In Oman, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.548

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

In Oman, annual male suicides by any means total

2010: 168

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

In Oman, annual female suicides by any means total

2010: 08

Gun Suicides

In Oman, annual firearm suicides total

2010: 08

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

In Oman, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2010: 08

Male Gun Suicide Victims

In Oman, annual male firearm suicides total

2010: 08

Female Gun Suicide Victims

In Oman, annual female firearm suicides total

2010: 08

Unintentional Gun Deaths

In Oman, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2010: 28

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

In Oman, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2010: 08

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

In Oman, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2010: 18

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

In Oman, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2010: 18

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

In Oman, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2010: 08

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

In Oman, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2010: 08

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

In Oman, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2010: 08

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Oman, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence, but is not conducted in practice4

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Oman is reported by Customs to be US$016 (2011)

Firearm Imports

In Oman, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law17

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Oman is reported by Customs to be US$1,320,00516 (2011)18 19 20

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Oman is low4

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Oman is categorised as restrictive21

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Oman includes the Inquiries Regulations on Firearms and Ammunitions4

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Oman are regulated by the Directorate General of Criminal Investigations4

Right to Possess Firearms

In Oman, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law22 23

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

Law Regulates Automatic Weapons

In Oman, civilian possession of automatic weapons is regulated by law10

Regulation of Handguns

In Oman, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence4 10

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Oman, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law10

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Oman, only licensed gun owners4 10 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Oman are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting, target shooting, collection, personal protection, security4

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Oman is 25 years4

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Oman must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental health and domestic violence4 10 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Oman, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required4

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Oman stipulates4 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Oman, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required4 for a firearm licence

Licensing Records

In Oman, authorities maintain a record15 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Oman, the law requires24 15 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Oman, licensed firearm dealers are required25 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Oman, State agencies are required26 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Oman include4 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Oman include4 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Oman, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law24

Firearm Tracing

In Oman, state authorities carry out24 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Oman, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law10

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Oman, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm27 is a fine15

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in Oman are known to have15 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

League of Arab States

As a member of the League of Arab States, Oman adopted the Arab Model Law on Weapons, Ammunitions, Explosives and Hazardous Material in January 200228

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was not signed29 by Oman.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has not been signed30 by Oman

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified31 by Oman

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Oman committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects32

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Oman against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 13033 34 35 36 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Oman has submitted one or more national reports37 17 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Oman, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated38 17

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Oman submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent17

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated17 by Oman to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Oman has not declared39 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Oman has been a Member State of the United Nations since 196740

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list41 Oman as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Oman, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Oman ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


Short References

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Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Military Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Military-Owned Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13436)Full Citation

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Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Law Enforcement Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Law Enforcement Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13435)Full Citation

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16.

Marsh, Nicholas.2014.‘Database of Authorised Transfers of Small Arms and Light Weapons.’ NISAT Small Arms Trade Database.Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers,22 December. (Q16)Full Citation

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20.

Holtom, Paul, Irene Pavesi and Christelle Rigual.2014.‘Importers of Small Arms Based on UN Comtrade, 2011.’ Small Arms Survey 2014: Women and Guns.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,16 June. (Q11041)Full Citation

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Newton, George D and Franklin E Zimring.1969.‘Firearm Licensing: Permissive v Restrictive.’ Firearms & Violence in American Life: A staff report submitted to the National Commission on the Causes and Prevention of Violence.Washington, DC:US Government Printing Office,1 January. (Q22)Full Citation

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Oman.2010.‘Marking.’ National Report of Oman on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Oman to the United Nations,1 January. (Q4668)Full Citation

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