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Norway — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Norway is

2017: 1,537,0001
2011: 1,352,3802 3 4
2005: 1,320,0005

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Norway is

2017: 28.801
2011: 27.296 7 4
2005: 31.35

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

In Norway, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be 720,0008

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

In Norway, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be 600,0009 8

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

In Norway, the number of handguns in civilian possession is reported to be 720,0008

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Norway ranked at No. 4410

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Norway ranked at No. 115

Proportion of Households with Firearms

ChartIn Norway, the percentage of households with one or more guns is reported to be

2005: 26.1%11
1989: 31.5%

Proportion of Households with Handguns

ChartIn Norway, the percentage of households with one or more handguns is reported to be

2005: 3.7%11
1989: 3.7%

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

The number of licensed gun owners in Norway is reported to be 484,29812

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

The rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in Norway is 9.776

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Norway is reported to be

2017: 1,254,6381
2011: 1,229,43612
2005: 1,320,0005

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in Norway is

2011: 24.816
2005: 28.54

Estimated Number of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms

ChartUnregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,13 but in Norway there are estimated to be

2017: 282,3621
2011: 122,9442 13 4
2004: 500,00014

Estimated Rate of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

ChartUnregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,13 but in Norway the rate of such firearms per 100 people is estimated to be

2011: 2.486
2004: 10.89

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Norway are reported to have 188,64615 firearms

Routine Arming of Police

In Norway, police officers on routine patrol do not carry a firearm16 17 18

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Norway are reported to have 13,00019 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Norway, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 6320 21
2013: 73
2012: 8820 21 22 23
2011: 14220 21 22
2010: 8724
2009: 10720 21 22
2008: 8820 21 25
2007: 1020 21 22 25
2006: 99
2005: 89
2004: 10320 21 26
2003: 116
2002: 106
2001: 10920 21 25
2000: 12620 21 26
1999: 13220 21 22 25
1998: 11320 21 22 26
1997: 14120 21 22 25
1996: 145

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Norway, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 1.2227
2013: 1.44
2012: 1.75
2011: 2.87
2010: 1.78
2009: 2.226
2008: 1.84
2007: 0.21
2006: 2.12
2005: 1.92
2004: 2.23
2003: 2.54
2002: 2.34
2001: 2.41
2000: 2.80
1999: 2.96
1998: 2.55
1997: 3.20
1996: 3.31

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Norway, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 6227
2013: 70
2012: 83
2011: 103
2010: 85

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Norway, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 127
2013: 3
2012: 5
2011: 39
2010: 2

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Norway, annual homicides by any means total

2014: 3127
2013: 50
2012: 30
2011: 114
2010: 33
2009: 2928 29
2008: 2730 28 29
2007: 33
2006: 45
2005: 29
2004: 39
2003: 48
2002: 39
2001: 33
2000: 53
1999: 3830 29
1998: 43
1997: 41
1996: 47
1995: 45
1994: 3430
1993: 42
1992: 47
1991: 66

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Norway, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2014: 1.2227
2013: 1.44
2012: 1.75
2011: 2.87
2010: 1.78
2009: 0.628 29
2008: 0.576 28 29
2007: 0.70
2006: 0.97
2005: 0.63
2004: 0.85
2003: 1.05
2002: 0.86
2001: 0.73
2000: 1.186 31 28 29
1999: 0.856 31 29
1998: 0.97
1997: 0.93
1996: 1.07
1995: 1.03
1994: 0.786 31
1993: 0.97
1992: 1.1
1991: 1.55
:

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Norway, annual male homicides by any means total

2014: 2227
2013: 32
2012: 21
2011: 62
2010: 17

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Norway, annual female homicides by any means total

2014: 927
2013: 18
2012: 9
2011: 52
2010: 16

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Norway, annual firearm homicides total

2014: 520
2013: 3
2012: 520 23
2011: 7120
2010: 2
2009: 9
2008: 3
2007: 220 29
2006: 1020
2005: 5
2004: 12
2003: 12
2002: 16
2001: 6
2000: 17
1999: 14
1998: 12
1997: 10
1996: 12
1995: 1132
1994: 7
1993: 14
1992: 12

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Norway, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.1027
2013: 0.06
2012: 0.10
2011: 1.43
2010: 0.04
2009: 0.19
2008: 0.06
2007: 0.0420 29
2006: 0.2120
2005: 0.11
2004: 0.26
2003: 0.26
2002: 0.35
2001: 0.13
2000: 0.38
1999: 0.31
1998: 0.27
1997: 0.23
1996: 0.27
1995: 0.256
1994: 0.16
1993: 0.326 33
1992: 0.28

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Norway, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2010: 11%34
2007: 8.1%29

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Norway, annual male firearm homicides total

2015: 527
2014: 5
2013: 2
2012: 4
2011: 35
2010: 2

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Norway, annual female firearm homicides total

2015: 027
2014: 0
2013: 1
2012: 1
2011: 36
2010: 0

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn Norway, annual handgun homicides total

2014: 420
2012: 1
2010: 1
2009: 4
2005: 2
2004: 2
2003: 3
2002: 3
2001: 2
2000: 3
1999: 1
1998: 3
1997: 4
1996: 5

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Norway, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0820
2012: 0.02
2010: 0.02
2009: 0.08
2005: 0.04
2004: 0.04
2003: 0.07
2002: 0.07
2001: 0.04
2000: 0.07
1999: 0.02
1998: 0.07
1997: 0.09
1996: 0.11

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn Norway, annual long gun homicides total

2013: 320
2011: 1
2009: 1
2008: 1
2006: 2
2004: 1
2003: 2
2002: 7
2001: 1
2000: 9
1999: 7
1998: 5
1997: 3
1996: 3

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Norway, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0620
2011: 0.02
2009: 0.02
2008: 0.02
2006: 0.04
2004: 0.02
2003: 0.04
2002: 0.15
2001: 0.02
2000: 0.20
1999: 0.16
1998: 0.11
1997: 0.07
1996: 0.07

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn Norway, annual gun homicides (other) total

2014: 120
2012: 4
2011: 70
2010: 1
2009: 4
2008: 2
2007: 2
2006: 8
2005: 3
2004: 9
2003: 7
2002: 6
2001: 3
2000: 5
1999: 6
1998: 4
1997: 3
1996: 4

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Norway, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0220
2012: 0.08
2011: 1.41
2010: 0.02
2009: 0.08
2008: 0.04
2007: 0.04
2006: 0.17
2005: 0.06
2004: 0.20
2003: 0.15
2002: 0.13
2001: 0.07
2000: 0.11
1999: 0.13
1998: 0.09
1997: 0.07
1996: 0.09

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Norway, annual suicides by any means total

2014: 54827
2013: 553
2012: 514
2011: 598
2010: 547
2008: 50535
2007: 485
2006: 532
2005: 533
2004: 529
2003: 502
2002: 494
2001: 549
2000: 541
1999: 583
1998: 548
1997: 533
1996: 517

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Norway, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2014: 10.6527
2013: 10.87
2012: 10.24
2011: 12.07
2010: 11.18
2008: 10.596
2007: 10.30
2006: 11.41
2005: 11.52
2004: 11.52
2003: 10.99
2002: 10.88
2001: 12.16
2000: 12.036
1999: 13.1
1998: 12.4
1997: 12.1
1996: 11.8
1995: 12.6
1994: 12.2
1993: 13.7
1992: 14.4
1991: 15.8

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Norway, annual male suicides by any means total

2014: 40127
2013: 377
2012: 368
2011: 434
2010: 383

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Norway, annual female suicides by any means total

2014: 14727
2013: 176
2012: 146
2011: 164
2010: 164

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Norway, annual firearm suicides total

2014: 5821
2013: 70
2012: 8221 23
2011: 6921
2010: 84
2009: 97
2008: 85
2007: 62
2006: 87
2005: 80
2004: 89
2003: 101
2002: 89
2001: 103
2000: 108
1999: 114
1998: 98
1997: 127
1996: 125

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Norway, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 1.1327
2013: 1.38
2012: 1.63
2011: 1.39
2010: 1.72
2009: 2.01
2008: 1.78
2007: 1.32
2006: 1.87
2005: 1.73
2004: 1.94
2003: 2.21
2002: 1.96
2001: 2.28
2000: 2.42
1999: 2.55
1998: 2.21
1997: 2.88
1996: 2.85
1993: 3.9537

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Norway, annual male firearm suicides total

2014: 5727
2013: 68
2012: 78
2011: 66
2010: 82

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Norway, annual female firearm suicides total

2014: 127
2013: 2
2012: 4
2011: 3
2010: 2

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn Norway, annual handgun suicides total

2014: 421
2013: 6
2012: 5
2011: 7
2010: 7
2009: 4
2008: 10
2007: 4
2006: 6
2005: 6
2004: 6
2003: 5
2002: 12
2001: 12
2000: 20
1999: 19
1998: 15
1997: 17
1996: 22

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Norway, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0821
2013: 0.12
2012: 0.10
2011: 0.14
2010: 0.14
2009: 0.08
2008: 0.21
2007: 0.08
2006: 0.13
2005: 0.13
2004: 0.13
2003: 0.11
2002: 0.26
2001: 0.27
2000: 0.45
1999: 0.43
1998: 0.34
1997: 0.39
1996: 0.50

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn Norway, the number of long gun suicides is

2014: 2021
2013: 23
2012: 21
2011: 14
2010: 11
2009: 15
2008: 20
2007: 21
2006: 19
2005: 29
2004: 38
2003: 46
2002: 46
2001: 54
2000: 58
1999: 62
1998: 54
1997: 67
1996: 63

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Norway, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.3921
2013: 0.45
2012: 0.42
2011: 0.28
2010: 0.23
2009: 0.31
2008: 0.42
2007: 0.45
2006: 0.41
2005: 0.63
2004: 0.83
2003: 1.01
2002: 1.01
2001: 1.20
2000: 1.30
1999: 1.39
1998: 1.22
1997: 1.52
1996: 1.44

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn Norway, annual gun suicides (other) total

2014: 3421
2013: 41
2012: 56
2011: 48
2010: 66
2009: 78
2008: 55
2007: 37
2006: 62
2005: 45
2004: 45
2003: 50
2002: 31
2001: 37
2000: 30
1999: 33
1998: 29
1997: 43
1996: 40

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Norway, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.6621
2013: 0.81
2012: 1.12
2011: 0.97
2010: 1.35
2009: 1.62
2008: 1.15
2007: 0.79
2006: 1.33
2005: 0.97
2004: 0.98
2003: 1.10
2002: 0.68
2001: 0.82
2000: 0.67
1999: 0.74
1998: 0.65
1997: 0.98
1996: 0.91

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Norway, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2014: 027
2013: 0
2012: 122 23
2011: 222
2010: 1
2009: 1
2007: 3
2006: 1
2005: 2
1999: 2
1998: 2
1997: 2
1996: 4

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Norway, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2014: 027
2013: 0
2012: 0.02
2011: 0.04
2010: 0.02
2009: 0.02
2007: 0.06
2006: 0.02
2005: 0.04
1999: 0.04
1998: 0.05
1997: 0.05
1996: 0.09
1993: 0.1238

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Norway, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2014: 027
2013: 0
2012: 1
2011: 2
2010: 1

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Norway, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2014: 027
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Unintentional Handgun Deaths

ChartIn Norway, annual unintentional shooting deaths by handgun total

2005: 122
1999: 1
1998: 1

Rate of Unintentional Handgun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Norway, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by handgun per 100,000 population is

2005: 0.0222
1999: 0.02
1998: 0.02

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn Norway, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2012: 122
2011: 2
2009: 1
2007: 2
2006: 1
1999: 1
1997: 2
1996: 1

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Norway, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.0222
2011: 0.04
2009: 0.02
2007: 0.04
2006: 0.02
1999: 0.02
1997: 0.05
1996: 0.02

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn Norway, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2010: 122
2007: 1
2005: 1
1998: 1
1996: 3

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Norway, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.0222
2007: 0.02
2005: 0.02
1998: 0.02
1996: 0.07

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Norway, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 027
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2008: 025
2007: 3
2006: 1
2005: 2
2004: 025 26
2003: 0
2002: 0
2001: 025
2000: 025 26
1999: 225
1998: 225 26
1997: 225
1996: 4
1995: 6
1994: 6
1993: 9
1992: 9
1991: 11

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Norway, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2008: 0.006
2007: 0.06
2006: 0.02
2005: 0.04
2004: 0.006 26
2003: 0.00
2002: 0.00
2001: 0.006
2000: 0.006 26
1999: 0.046
1998: 0.056 26
1997: 0.056
1996: 0.09
1995: 0.14
1994: 0.14
1993: 0.21
1992: 0.21
1991: 0.26

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Norway, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 027
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Norway, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 027
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Handgun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Norway, annual deaths by handgun in which the cause remains undecided total

2003: 126
2000: 1

Rate of Handgun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Norway, the annual rate of unknown-cause handgun deaths per 100,000 population is

2003: 0.0226
2000: 0.02

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

In Norway, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2004: 126

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

In Norway, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2004: 0.0226

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Norway, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2004: 126
2003: 1
2002: 1
1998: 1

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Norway, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2004: 0.0226
2003: 0.02
2002: 0.02
1998: 0.02

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Norway, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence39 40 41 42

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, Norway was ranked 'small'43

Home-made Guns

In Norway, the prevalence of illicit craft, or 'home-made' firearm manufacture is reported to be low44

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Norway, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law45 46 47 48 49 50 51

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

ChartThe annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Norway is reported by Customs to be US$

2016: 122,598,29452
2015: 196,382,802
2014: 121,856,290
2013: 128,270,029
2012: 242,284,29352 53 54
2011: 72,557,91255
2010: 42,000,00056
2001: 15,000,00053 57 58

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Norway was categorized as 'major'59 60 61 58 62

Firearm Imports

In Norway, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law45 46 47 48

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

ChartThe annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Norway is reported by Customs to be US$

2016: 134,575,01152
2015: 133,089,292
2014: 225,189,412
2013: 234,461,091
2012: 261,141,76552 63 64
2011: 124,745,86555 65
2010: 75,000,00066

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Norway is low67

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Norway, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law68 69 70 71

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Norway include47 72 51 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

ChartIn its annual Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer, the Small Arms Survey compares public reporting among major arms exporting nations on a scale from strong to weak (25 to zero). In recent years, Norway scored

2018: 15.2573
2016: 15.2574
2014: 17.2575
2013: 15.0076
2012: 15.2577
2011: 16.2578
2010: 16.5079
2009: 16.7580
2008: 15.5081
2007: 17.0082
2006: 11.7583
2005: 11.7584
2004: 11.2585

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Norway is categorised as restrictive86

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Norway includes the Firearms and Ammunition Act 196187 and the Våpenforskriften (Weapon Regulations) of July 200888

Right to Possess Firearms

In Norway, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law89 90 91

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Norway, private possession of fully automatic weapons is permitted under licence91 34

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Norway, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted under licence91

Regulation of Handguns

In Norway, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence92 93 34

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Norway, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law34

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Norway, only licensed gun owners94 34 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Norway are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting, target shooting, collection, personal protection, security94 8

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Norway is 16 years with special consent, 18 or 21 years for particular firearms95

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Norway must pass a background check which considers criminal and mental health94 34 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Norway, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required8

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Norway does not stipulate91 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Norway, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required8 for a firearm licence

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Norway are permitted to possess any number of firearms91

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Norway are permitted to possess any quantity of ammunition91

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Norway, the law requires96 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Norway, licensed firearm dealers are not required91 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Norway, licensed gun makers are required41 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Norway, State agencies are required96 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Norway, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited97

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Norway, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful97

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In Norway, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is undetermined91

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Norway, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are not regulated91 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Norway include98 88 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Norway do not include91 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Norway include99 88 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Norway include100 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Norway, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law41 101 102 103 104

Firearm Tracing

In Norway, state authorities carry out105 103 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Norway, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are not91 recorded in a register

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Norway, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is prohibited100 34

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Norway, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is prohibited100 34

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Norway, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm106 is up to three months in prison107

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in Norway are known to have108 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Surrendered in Gun Amnesty

In Norway, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered in recent arms amnesty and collection programmes is reported to be 35,000108 (2003-04)

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn Norway, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2016: 22,236109
2015: 11,947110
2014: 22,236
2013: 10,468111 112
2012: 13,083
2011: 22,218113 114

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Norway, it is state policy115 116 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

United Nations Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice

The UNCCPCJ, a subsidiary body of the Economic and Social Council mandated to promote action to prevent national and transnational crime, lists117 Norway as an elected member

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 2006118 by Norway.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified119 by Norway

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified120 by Norway

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Norway committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects121

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Norway against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 8122 123 124 125 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Norway has submitted one or more national reports126 70 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Norway, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated127 70

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Norway, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated127

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Norway submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent70 128

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been donated70 by Norway to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Norway has declared129 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Norway has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1945130

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies lists131 Norway as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Norway, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Norway ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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