Find Gun Policy Facts

Armed violence prevention, gun control laws and the small arms trade:

Niue — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Niue is

2002: 3971

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Niue is

2002: 19.851

Number of Registered Firearms

The number of registered guns in Niue is reported to be

2002: 3971

Government Guns

Routine Arming of Police

In Niue, police officers on routine patrol do not carry a firearm2

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Niue are reported to have 53 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Homicides (any method)

In Niue, annual homicides by any means total

2012: 04

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

In Niue, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2012: 3.074

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

In Niue, annual male homicides by any means total

2012: 05

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

In Niue, annual female homicides by any means total

2012: 05

Gun Homicides

In Niue, annual firearm homicides total

1997-2001: 36

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Imports

In Niue, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law7

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Niue is reported by Customs to be US$12,9128 (2011)

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Niue is low9

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Niue, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are not specifically regulated by law10 11

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Niue do not include10 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Niue is categorised as restrictive12

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Niue includes the Arms Act 197513

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Niue are regulated by the Minister of Police, and the Arms Officer of the Police Department14 15 16 17

Right to Possess Firearms

In Niue, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law18 19 10

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Niue, civilians are not allowed to possess any pistol, machine gun, rifle, air-gun, or any class of weapon excluding shotguns20 21

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Niue, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited20

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Niue, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is prohibited20

Regulation of Handguns

In Niue, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is prohibited20

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Niue, only licensed gun owners15 17 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Niue are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example pest and animal control22 23

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Niue is 18 years24

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Niue must pass a background check which considers various16 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Niue, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required10

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Niue does not stipulate10 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Niue, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is not required10 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Niue, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every one year25

Licensing Records

In Niue, authorities maintain a record17 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Niue are permitted to possess any number of shotguns10

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Niue are permitted to possess any quantity of shotgun ammunition10

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Niue, the law requires17 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Niue, licensed firearm dealers are not required10 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Niue, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited without a permit15

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Niue, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is not unlawful15 10

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In Niue, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is undetermined10

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Niue, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are not regulated10 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Niue do not include10 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Niue do not include10 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Niue do not include10 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Niue, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is not required by law26

Firearm Tracing

In Niue, state authorities do not carry out10 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Niue, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are not10 recorded in a register

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Niue, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit22

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Niue, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is prohibited20 21

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Niue, it is not state policy27 28 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

Pacific Islands Forum

As a member of the Pacific Islands Forum, Niue adopted the March, 2000 Nadi Framework agreement, which aims to harmonise small arms-related legislation across Oceania. In August 2003, the Nadi Framework’s draft model Weapons Control Bill was unanimously accepted for consideration by all 16 member states of the Pacific Islands Forum29 30

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Niue, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has not been designated31

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Niue, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has not been designated31

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Niue submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was not apparent31

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided32 to Niue by other UN Member States

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Niue is not a Member State of the United Nations33

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list34 Niue as a Participating State


Short References

1.

Alpers, Philip and Conor Twyford.2003.‘Civilian Firearm Ownership in Pacific Nations, 2002.’ Small Arms in the Pacific.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,31 March. (Q388)Full Citation

2.

Alpers, Philip and Conor Twyford.2003.‘Stockpiles and Trafficking in the Pacific: Police Inventories.’ Small Arms in the Pacific.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,31 March. (Q145)Full Citation

3.

Karp, Aaron.2003.‘Fewer Blanks: Global Firearm Stockpiles: Firearms of the Pacific.’ Small Arms Survey 2003: Development Denied.Oxford:Oxford University Press,1 July. (Q391)Full Citation

4.

UNODC.2017.‘Intentional Homicide Victims.’ Crime and Drugs Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,19 May. (Q13355)Full Citation

5.

UNODC.2017.‘Intentional Homicide Victims by Sex.’ Crime and Drugs Data.Vienna:UNODC,19 May. (Q13356)Full Citation

6.

Alpers, Philip and Conor Twyford.2003.‘Homicide, Robbery, and Assault in Pacific States, 1997-2001.’ Small Arms in the Pacific.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,31 March. (Q392)Full Citation

7.

Niue.1975.‘Permits for Import of Firearms.’ Arms Act (1975).Alofi:Legislative Assembly,4 February. (Q404)Full Citation

8.

Marsh, Nicholas.2014.‘Database of Authorised Transfers of Small Arms and Light Weapons.’ NISAT Small Arms Trade Database.Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers,22 December. (Q16)Full Citation

9.

PacNews. 2001. ‘Government to Discuss Gun Control.’ PacNews. 23 August. (N39) Full Citation

10.

Niue.1975.‘Short Title.’ Arms Act (1975), Reviewed 2006.Alofi:Legislative Assembly,4 February. (Q4909)Full Citation

11.

IANSA.2006.‘Reviewing Action on Small Arms 2006: Assessing the first five years of the UN Programme of Action.’ Biting the Bullet 'Red Book' 2006.New York, NY:International Action Network on Small Arms and the Biting the Bullet project,26 June. (Q82)Full Citation

12.

Newton, George D and Franklin E Zimring.1969.‘Firearm Licensing: Permissive v Restrictive.’ Firearms & Violence in American Life: A staff report submitted to the National Commission on the Causes and Prevention of Violence.Washington, DC:US Government Printing Office,1 January. (Q22)Full Citation

13.

Niue.1975.‘Short Title.’ Arms Act (1975), Reviewed 2006.Alofi:Legislative Assembly,4 February. (Q4908)Full Citation

14.

Niue.1975.‘Regulations.’ Arms Act (1975).Alofi:Legislative Assembly,4 February. (Q400)Full Citation

15.

Niue.1975.‘Permits for Possession.’ Arms Act (1975).Alofi:Legislative Assembly,4 February. (Q395)Full Citation

16.

Niue.1975.‘Registration May be Refused or Existing Certificate Revoked.’ Arms Act (1975).Alofi:Legislative Assembly,4 February. (Q397)Full Citation

17.

Niue.1975.‘Registration.’ Arms Act (1975).Alofi:Legislative Assembly,4 February. (Q401)Full Citation

18.

Sherman, Amy and Tom Ginsburg.2014.‘Gun Rights in National Constitutions.’ Marco Rubio Says Second Amendment Is Unique in Speech to NRA.Miami, FL:Miami Herald (PolitiFact Florida),29 April. (Q8507)Full Citation

19.

Zachary Elkins, Tom Ginsburg and James Melton. 2013. ‘U.S. Gun Rights Truly Are American Exceptionalism.’ Bloomberg (USA). 7 March. (N422) Full Citation

20.

Niue.1975.‘Interpretation.’ Arms Act (1975).Alofi:Legislative Assembly,4 February. (Q399)Full Citation

21.

Niue.1975.‘Possession of Unlawful Weapon.’ Arms Act (1975), Reviewed 2006.Alofi:Legislative Assembly,4 February. (Q4910)Full Citation

22.

Niue.1975.‘Carriage or Possession of Arms.’ Arms Act (1975).Alofi:Legislative Assembly,4 February. (Q393)Full Citation

23.

Alpers, Philip and Conor Twyford.2003.‘Genuine Reason: A Snapshot of Pacific Definitions - Niue.’ Small Arms in the Pacific.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,31 March. (Q394)Full Citation

24.

Niue.1975.‘Sale to and Possession by Young Persons.’ Arms Act (1975).Alofi:Legislative Assembly,4 February. (Q396)Full Citation

25.

Niue.1975.‘Registration.’ Arms Act (1975).Alofi:Legislative Assembly,4 February. (Q398)Full Citation

26.

Niue.1975.‘Regulations.’ Arms Act (1975).Alofi:Legislative Assembly,4 February. (Q402)Full Citation

27.

Niue.1975.‘Forfeitures.’ Arms Act (1975), Reviewed 2006.Alofi:Legislative Assembly,4 February. (Q4911)Full Citation

28.

Niue.1975.‘Authorising Disposal of Firearms.’ Arms Act (1975), Reviewed 2006.Alofi:Legislative Assembly,4 February. (Q4912)Full Citation

29.

SPCPC/OCO.2000.‘Towards a Common Approach to Weapons Control: The 'Nadi Framework'.’ South Pacific Chiefs of Police Conference (SPCPC) and Oceania Customs Organisation (OCO).Nadi, Fiji:Pacific Islands Forum (PIF) Secretariat,10 March. (Q576)Full Citation

30.

Baker, Jean.2000.‘Weapons Control Bill: Explanatory Notes.’ Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat.Suva, Fiji:Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat,10 March. (Q577)Full Citation

31.

IANSA.2006.‘Reviewing Action on Small Arms 2006: Assessing the first five years of the UN Programme of Action.’ Biting the Bullet 'Red Book' 2006.New York, NY:International Action Network on Small Arms and the Biting the Bullet project,26 June. (Q166)Full Citation

32.

UNODA.2018.‘PoA-ISS Country Profiles.’ UN small arms Programme of Action (UNPoA) - Implementation Support System.New York, NY:United Nations Office of Disarmament Affairs,23 July. (Q1309)Full Citation

33.

UN.2013.‘Member States of the United Nations.’ UN.org Web Site.New York, NY:United Nations General Assembly,7 April. (Q290)Full Citation

34.

Wassenaar Arrangement.1996.‘Introduction: Participating States.’ Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies.Vienna:Wassenaar Secretariat,12 July. (Q19)Full Citation