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Niger — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Niger is

2017: 117,0001
2007: 93,0002

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Niger is

2017: 0.501
2007: 0.72

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Niger ranked at No. 1393

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Niger ranked at No. 1602

Number of Registered Firearms

The number of registered guns in Niger is reported to be

2017: 2,0001

Estimated Number of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms

Unregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,4 but in Niger there are estimated to be

2017: 115,0001

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Niger are reported to have 11,1105 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Niger are reported to have 10,0006 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Niger, annual homicides by any means total

2016: 2,1437
2015: 2,071
2010: 1,818
2000: 1,678

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Niger, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 11.507
2015: 11.48
2010: 11.91
2000: 15.65

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Niger, annual male homicides by any means total

2016: 1,6017
2015: 1,546
2010: 1,355
2000: 1,224

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Niger, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 17.127
2015: 17.07
2010: 17.69
2000: 22.82

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Niger, annual female homicides by any means total

2016: 5437
2015: 526
2010: 463
2000: 454

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Niger, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 5.857
2015: 5.85
2010: 6.08
2000: 8.47

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Niger, annual suicides by any means total

2016: 9477
2015: 926
2010: 797
2000: 517

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Niger, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 5.087
2015: 5.13
2010: 5.22
2000: 4.82

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Niger, annual male suicides by any means total

2016: 6087
2015: 594
2010: 504
2000: 316

Rate of Male Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Niger, the annual rate of male suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 6.507
2015: 6.56
2010: 6.58
2000: 5.89

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Niger, annual female suicides by any means total

2016: 3397
2015: 332
2010: 293
2000: 201

Rate of Female Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Niger, the annual rate of female suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 3.657
2015: 3.69
2010: 3.85
2000: 3.75

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Niger, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is prohibited8 9 10

Home-made Guns

In Niger, the prevalence of illicit craft, or 'home-made' firearm manufacture is reported to be moderate11 12 13

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Niger, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law14 15

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Niger is reported by Customs to be US$2,24816 (2007)

Firearm Imports

In Niger, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law14 15 17

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Niger is reported by Customs to be US$101,23216 (2011)

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Niger is high18 19 20 21

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Niger, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are not specifically regulated by law22 23

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Niger include15 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

Law Regulates Civilian Access to Firearms

In Niger, civilian possession of guns is regulated by law24

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Niger includes the Law No. 61 27 of 15 July 1961 on the institution of the Penal Code, the Decree No. 63074/MI of 23 April governing the conditions for the possession, introduction, transfer and sale of sporting rifles on the territory of the Republic of Niger, the Decree No. 99 417/PCRN of 8 October 1999 on the creation, functions, organisation and functions of a National Commission for the collection and control of illicit arms, and the Law No. 2004 044 of 8 June 2004 on implementation of the Convention banning the use, stockpiling, manufacture and transfer of anti personnel mines and their destruction17

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Niger are regulated by the Home Office17

Right to Possess Firearms

In Niger, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law25 26

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

Law Regulates Automatic Weapons

In Niger, civilian possession of automatic weapons is regulated by law24

Law Regulates Handguns

In Niger, civilian possession of handguns is regulated by law24

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Niger, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law24

Gun Ownership and Possession

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Niger must pass a background check which considers undefined24 records

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Niger, the law requires27 9 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Niger, State agencies are required28 29 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Niger include28 29 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Niger, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law24

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

African Union

In June 2006, as a member of the African Union, Niger adopted an African Common Position to take to the Conference to Review the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA), held in June 200630 31

Economic Community of West African States

In June 2006, as a member of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), Niger adopted the ECOWAS Convention on Small Arms and Light Weapons, their Ammunition and other Related Materials. This stipulates strict controls on the transfer, manufacture, possession and security of small arms and light weapons32

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 200733 by Niger.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified34 by Niger

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has not been signed35 by Niger

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Niger committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects36

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Niger against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 4637 38 39 40 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Niger has submitted one or more national reports41 23 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Niger, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated42 23

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Niger, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated42

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Niger submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent42 23

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated23 by Niger to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided23 to Niger by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Niger has not declared43 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Niger has been a Member State of the United Nations since 196044

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list45 Niger as a Participating State

BackgroundSustainable Development Goal Profile

About SDG 16

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are 17 goals set by the United Nations to be implemented by all member states by 2030. Adopted in 2015, they outline a vision of development in which peace and security are an integral part. SDG 16,46 which seeks to “promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development,” includes targets and indicators focused on reducing violence (Target 16.1) and the proliferation of illicit arms (Target 16.4). The indicators – or measurement criteria – of these targets include the number of victims of intentional homicide (Indicator 16.1.1), the number of conflict-related deaths (Indicator 16.1.2), and the number of illicit firearms collected and traced (Indicator 16.4.2). In light of these targets and indicators, GunPolicy.org provides granular national data pertaining to homicides, gun homicides, conflict deaths, disarmament efforts, and marking and tracing.

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Niger, annual homicides by any means total

2016: 2,1437
2015: 2,071
2010: 1,818
2000: 1,678

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Niger, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 11.507
2015: 11.48
2010: 11.91
2000: 15.65

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Niger, annual male homicides by any means total

2016: 1,6017
2015: 1,546
2010: 1,355
2000: 1,224

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Niger, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 17.127
2015: 17.07
2010: 17.69
2000: 22.82

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Niger, annual female homicides by any means total

2016: 5437
2015: 526
2010: 463
2000: 454

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Niger, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 5.857
2015: 5.85
2010: 6.08
2000: 8.47

Conflict Deaths

For a profile of conflict in Niger, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Disarmament

Authorities in Niger are known to have47 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Surrendered in Gun Amnesty

In Niger, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered in recent arms amnesty and collection programmes is reported to be

2006/1995: 16648

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

In Niger, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2012: 21349

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Niger, it is state policy29 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

Marking and Tracing

Firearm Marking

In Niger, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law27 8 15 9

Firearm Tracing

In Niger, state authorities carry out50 9 51 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Global Peace Index

To see where Niger ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index, and then click on Niger on the map or in the "Select Country" menu on the right of the web page


Short References

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Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Military Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Military-Owned Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13436)Full Citation

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AEFJN.2010.‘Countries that Send Arms to Embargoed Territories.’ Arms Exports and Transfers: From Sub-Saharan Africa to Sub-Saharan Africa.Brussels:Africa Europe Faith and Justice Network,1 December. (Q5101)Full Citation

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