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Nicaragua — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Nicaragua is

2017: 323,0001
2012: 450,0002 3 4

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Nicaragua is

2017: 5.201
2012: 7.82 3

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Nicaragua ranked at No. 935

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Nicaragua ranked at No. 773

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Nicaragua is reported to be

2017: 142,2601
2011: 142,2606
2010: 288,8877 8
2006: 90,1339 10 4
2002: 70,0007

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in Nicaragua is

2011: 2.5111
2010: 5.15
2006: 1.639 11
2002: 1.3911

Estimated Number of Illicit Firearms

ChartUnlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Nicaragua there are estimated to be

2017: 180,7401
2014: 160,0004

Estimated Rate of Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Nicaragua the rate of illicit firearms per 100 people is estimated to be 3.0011

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Nicaragua are reported to have 261,80012 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Nicaragua are reported to have 8,59013 14 15 7 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Nicaragua, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2013: 22816
2012: 273
2011: 246
2010: 23217
2003: 4908
2002: 23218

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Nicaragua, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2013: 3.9416
2012: 4.77
2011: 4.34
2010: 4.14
2003: 9.58
2002: 4.61

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Nicaragua, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2013: 21216
2012: 255
2011: 235
2010: 219

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Nicaragua, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2013: 1616
2012: 18
2011: 11
2010: 13

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Nicaragua, annual homicides by any means total

2013: 37916
2012: 420
2011: 401
2010: 353
2009: 564
2008: 51219 20 21 22 23
2007: 48619 20 21 22 23 8
2006: 49919 20 21 22 23
2005: 497
2004: 432
2003: 423
2002: 337
2001: 360
2000: 291
1999: 56121
1998: 639
1997: 679
1996: 662
1995: 707

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Nicaragua, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2013: 3.9416
2012: 4.77
2011: 4.34
2010: 4.14
2009: 13.019 20 21 22
2008: 13.019 20 21 22 23 24
2007: 13.0
2006: 14.0
2005: 13.0
2004: 12.0
2003: 12.0
2002: 10.0
2001: 10.0
2000: 9.0
1999: 11.221 24
1998: 13.0
1997: 14.1
1996: 14.0
1995: 15.2

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Nicaragua, annual male homicides by any means total

2013: 34816
2012: 380
2011: 371
2010: 322

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Nicaragua, annual female homicides by any means total

2013: 3116
2012: 40
2011: 30
2010: 31

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Nicaragua, annual firearm homicides total

2013: 17616
2012: 196
2011: 191
2010: 178
2009: 33825
2008: 33821 25
2007: 25921 25 8
2002: 15718

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Nicaragua, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 3.0416
2012: 3.42
2011: 3.37
2010: 3.18
2009: 5.925
2008: 5.921 25
2007: 4.621 25 23
2002: 2.8718

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Nicaragua, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2012: 48%19
2011: 48%26
2010: 52%20
2008: 42.1%21
2007: 35.2%21 8
2003: 56%8

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Nicaragua, annual male firearm homicides total

2013: 16216
2012: 184
2011: 185
2010: 168

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Nicaragua, annual female firearm homicides total

2013: 1416
2012: 12
2011: 6
2010: 10

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Nicaragua, annual suicides by any means total

2013: 35116
2012: 316
2011: 369
2010: 351
2009: 64927
2008: 65727 28
2007: 632
2006: 641
2005: 63327
2004: 78627 28
2003: 803
2002: 75627
2001: 73527 28
2000: 765

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Nicaragua, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2013: 6.0616
2012: 5.52
2011: 6.51
2010: 6.26
2009: 11.327
2008: 11.627 11
2007: 11.3
2006: 11.6
2005: 11.627
2004: 14.627 11
2003: 15.1
2002: 14.427 18
2001: 14.227 11
2000: 15.0

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Nicaragua, annual male suicides by any means total

2013: 27616
2012: 234
2011: 276
2010: 274

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Nicaragua, annual female suicides by any means total

2013: 7516
2012: 82
2011: 93
2010: 77

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Nicaragua, annual firearm suicides total

2013: 1716
2012: 17
2011: 14
2010: 1917
2002: 2518

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Nicaragua, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.2916
2012: 0.30
2011: 0.25
2010: 0.34
2002: 0.4618

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Nicaragua, annual male firearm suicides total

2013: 1616
2012: 14
2011: 14
2010: 19

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Nicaragua, annual female firearm suicides total

2013: 116
2012: 3
2011: 0
2010: 0

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Nicaragua, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2013: 2316
2012: 36
2011: 16
2010: 917
2002: 5018

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Nicaragua, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.2116
2012: 0.42
2011: 0.44
2010: 0.46
2002: 0.9118

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Nicaragua, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2013: 2316
2012: 33
2011: 15
2010: 9

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Nicaragua, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2013: 016
2012: 3
2011: 1
2010: 0

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Nicaragua, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2013: 1216
2012: 24
2011: 25
2010: 2617
2001: 118

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Nicaragua, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.2811
2010: 0.46
2001: 0.0218

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Nicaragua, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2013: 1116
2012: 24
2011: 21
2010: 23

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Nicaragua, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2013: 116
2012: 0
2011: 4
2010: 3

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Nicaragua, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence,29 30 31 32 33 34 35 but is not conducted in practice36 37

Home-made Guns

In Nicaragua, the prevalence of illicit craft, or 'home-made' firearm manufacture is reported to be high38

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Nicaragua, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 37 49

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Nicaragua is reported by Customs to be US$4,00050 (2011)

Firearm Imports

In Nicaragua, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law39 40 41 42 43 51 44 45 52 47 53 48 54 55 37 49

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Nicaragua is reported by Customs to be US$631,29950 (2011)

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Nicaragua is high56

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Nicaragua, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law57 58 59 60 61 62 63 37 49

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Nicaragua include64 41 43 65 46 52 66 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Nicaragua is categorised as restrictive67

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Nicaragua includes the Firearms Act No. 510 of 200568 and its regulation, Decree No. 28 of 200569

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Nicaragua are regulated by the National Police, through the Office for the Registration and Control of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Related Materials (DAEM)70 71 72 73

Right to Possess Firearms

In Nicaragua, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law74 75

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Nicaragua, civilians are not allowed to possess weapons of mass destruction, as well as banned weapons covered by international conventions,76 any type of automatic firearms, firearms for the exclusive use of the Army and National Police, and firearms disguised as everyday objects77 78

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Nicaragua, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited78 79 26

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Nicaragua, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted under licence78 79

Regulation of Handguns

In Nicaragua, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence78 79 26

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Nicaragua, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law78 79 26

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Nicaragua, only licensed gun owners80 81 29 82 83 84 85 86 37 26 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Nicaragua are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example self-defence, sports, hunting and collection78 29

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Nicaragua is 21 years87 88 with only narrow exemptions89 90

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Nicaragua must pass a background check which considers criminal, health and mental health87 88 82 91 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Nicaragua, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are required91

Partner to be Advised or Interviewed

In Nicaragua, licensing authorities are not required92 to conduct interviews with, or to advise an applicant's spouse, partner, or next of kin before issuing a gun licence

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Nicaragua does not stipulate92 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Nicaragua, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course may be required87 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Nicaragua, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every five years93

Licensing Records

In Nicaragua, authorities maintain a record80 82 94 60 95 96 97 37 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Nicaragua are permitted to possess any number of firearms92

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Nicaragua are permitted to possess any quantity of ammunition92

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Nicaragua, the law requires97 72 94 95 98 99 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Nicaragua, licensed firearm dealers are required100 101 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Nicaragua, licensed gun makers are required33 34 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Nicaragua, State agencies are required99 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Nicaragua, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited without a valid firearms licence and unless registered by the Implementing Authority82

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Nicaragua, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful102 29 103 104 105 37 106

Background Checks for Private Gun Sales

The buyer of a firearm in a private sale in Nicaragua is obliged82 to pass official background checks before taking possession

Background Checks for Dealer Gun Sales

The buyer of a firearm from a licensed gun dealer in Nicaragua is obliged82 to pass official background checks before taking possession

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In Nicaragua, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is undetermined92

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Nicaragua, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are not regulated92 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Nicaragua include107 108 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Nicaragua include31 108 33 109 35 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Nicaragua include110 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Nicaragua include43 111 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Nicaragua, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law112 113 39 114 115 55 54 116 37

Firearm Tracing

In Nicaragua, state authorities carry out95 97 117 118 99 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Nicaragua, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are not92 recorded in a register

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Nicaragua, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law84 119 26

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Nicaragua, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is prohibited120

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Nicaragua, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit84 120

Gun Free Zones

In Nicaragua, private guns are prohibited in recreational centres, sports centres or facilities not intended for shooting practice, religious temples, theatres, cinemas, bars, restaurants, parks, fairs and similar sites, state and municipal facilities, public or private hospitals, educational establishments, universities, public or private demonstrations, acts, assemblies, gatherings, or meetings, socio-cultural activities, popular festivals and celebrations of any kind119

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Nicaragua, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm121 is six to 12 months in prison and a fine122 105

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in Nicaragua are known to have123 124 125 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Surrendered in Gun Amnesty

In Nicaragua, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered in recent arms amnesty and collection programmes is reported to be

1989/2002 (with Honduras): 17,883126

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn Nicaragua, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2013: 171127
2012: 5,031123 128 129
2011: 3,061129
2010: 206130
2009: 192131
2008-13: 19,0006 132 133
2006-08: 40,402124
2004: 434125
1990-2000: 64,000134

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn Nicaragua, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2010: 1,9078
2006/08: 12,996124 133
2005: 1,000135
1991/93: 142,000136

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Nicaragua, it is state policy137 138 139 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

Central American Integration System

As a member of the Central American Integration System (SICA), Nicaragua is party to the 2007 Central American Programme on Small Arms Control and the Code of Conduct of Central American States on the Transfer of Arms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Material140

Organization of American States

On 14 November 1997, as a member of the Organisation of American States (OAS), Nicaragua adopted the Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Explosives, Ammunition and Other Related Materials (CIFTA), a legally binding multilateral treaty of which the OAS is depository. The CIFTA Convention has since been signed and ratified141 142 by Nicaragua

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 2009143 by Nicaragua.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has not been signed144 by Nicaragua

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified145 by Nicaragua

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Nicaragua committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects146

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Nicaragua against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 13147 148 149 150 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Nicaragua has submitted one or more national reports151 152 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Nicaragua, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated153 152

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Nicaragua, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated153 152

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Nicaragua submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was not apparent153 152

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated152 by Nicaragua to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided152 to Nicaragua by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Nicaragua has not declared154 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Nicaragua has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1945155

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list156 Nicaragua as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Nicaragua, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Nicaragua ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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Nicaragua.2005.‘Gun Shop [Armoury] Record Keeping (Libro de Registro para Armería y Control de Inventario).’ Decree No. 28-2005, Regulation to the Special Act on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials.Managua:Official Gazette of the Republic of Nicaragua,21 April. (Q10863)Full Citation

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Nicaragua.2004.‘Export and Import Licence (Licencia de exportación e importación).’ Act No. 510 on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials (Ley Nº 510 sobre el Control y Regulación de Armas de Fuego, Municiones, Explosivos y Otros Materiales Relacionados).Managua:National Assembly of the Republic of Nicaragua,18 November. (Q10741)Full Citation

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Nicaragua.2004.‘Department Authorised for Import and Export (Dependencia autorizada para la importación y exportación).’ Act No. 510 on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials (Ley Nº 510 sobre el Control y Regulación de Armas de Fuego, Municiones, Explosivos y Otros Materiales Relacionados).Managua:National Assembly of the Republic of Nicaragua,18 November. (Q10743)Full Citation

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Nicaragua.2004.‘Authorisation Certificate (Certificado de autorización).’ Act No. 510 on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials (Ley Nº 510 sobre el Control y Regulación de Armas de Fuego, Municiones, Explosivos y Otros Materiales Relacionados).Managua:National Assembly of the Republic of Nicaragua,18 November. (Q10744)Full Citation

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Nicaragua.2004.‘Identification of Batches of Firearms and Ammunition (Identificación de lotes de armas y municiones).’ Act No. 510 on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials (Ley Nº 510 sobre el Control y Regulación de Armas de Fuego, Municiones, Explosivos y Otros Materiales Relacionados).Managua:National Assembly of the Republic of Nicaragua,18 November. (Q10745)Full Citation

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Nicaragua.2004.‘Transit of Firearm and Ammunition Batches (Tránsito de lotes de armas y municiones).’ Act No. 510 on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials (Ley Nº 510 sobre el Control y Regulación de Armas de Fuego, Municiones, Explosivos y Otros Materiales Relacionados).Managua:National Assembly of the Republic of Nicaragua,18 November. (Q10746)Full Citation

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Nicaragua.2005.‘Import and Export Licence (Licencia de Importación y Exportación).’ Decree No. 28-2005, Regulation to the Special Act on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials.Managua:Official Gazette of the Republic of Nicaragua,21 April. (Q10868)Full Citation

45.

Nicaragua.2005.‘Special Certificate for Firearm Stocks (Certificado Especial para Lotes de Armas).’ Decree No. 28-2005, Regulation to the Special Act on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials.Managua:Official Gazette of the Republic of Nicaragua,21 April. (Q10870)Full Citation

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Nicaragua.2005.‘Export Certificate Requirements (Requisitos del Certificado de Exportación).’ Decree No. 28-2005, Regulation to the Special Act on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials.Managua:Official Gazette of the Republic of Nicaragua,21 April. (Q10871)Full Citation

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Nicaragua.2005.‘Mandatory Inspection of Firearms and Explosives (Inspección Obligatoria de Armas y Explosivos).’ Decree No. 28-2005, Regulation to the Special Act on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials.Managua:Official Gazette of the Republic of Nicaragua,21 April. (Q10878)Full Citation

48.

Nicaragua.2012.‘International Transfers - Record Keeping.’ National Report of Nicaragua on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA) and the International Tracing Instrument (ITI).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Nicaragua to the United Nations,1 January. (Q11059)Full Citation

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Nicaragua.2004.‘Importation of Firearms by Individuals (Introducción de armas de fuego por particulares).’ Act No. 510 on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials (Ley Nº 510 sobre el Control y Regulación de Armas de Fuego, Municiones, Explosivos y Otros Materiales Relacionados).Managua:National Assembly of the Republic of Nicaragua,18 November. (Q10742)Full Citation

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Nicaragua.2005.‘Import Certificate Requirements (Requisitos del Certificado de Importación).’ Decree No. 28-2005, Regulation to the Special Act on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials.Managua:Official Gazette of the Republic of Nicaragua,21 April. (Q10872)Full Citation

53.

Nicaragua.2005.‘Physical Inspection and Inventory (Inspección Física e Inventario).’ Decree No. 28-2005, Regulation to the Special Act on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials.Managua:Official Gazette of the Republic of Nicaragua,21 April. (Q10869)Full Citation

54.

Nicaragua.2012.‘Marking at Import.’ National Report of Nicaragua on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA) and the International Tracing Instrument (ITI).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Nicaragua to the United Nations,1 January. (Q11060)Full Citation

55.

Nicaragua.2012.‘Marking.’ National Report of Nicaragua on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA) and the International Tracing Instrument (ITI).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Nicaragua to the United Nations,1 January. (Q11063)Full Citation

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Nicaragua.2004.‘Authorisation for Brokering Activities (Autorización para la intermediación).’ Act No. 510 on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials (Ley Nº 510 sobre el Control y Regulación de Armas de Fuego, Municiones, Explosivos y Otros Materiales Relacionados).Managua:National Assembly of the Republic of Nicaragua,18 November. (Q10747)Full Citation

58.

Nicaragua.2004.‘Cases Where Brokering Is Prohibited (Casos en que se prohíbe la intermediación).’ Act No. 510 on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials (Ley Nº 510 sobre el Control y Regulación de Armas de Fuego, Municiones, Explosivos y Otros Materiales Relacionados).Managua:National Assembly of the Republic of Nicaragua,18 November. (Q10748)Full Citation

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Nicaragua.2004.‘Requirements for the Authorisation and Registration of Brokering Activities (Requisitos para la autorización y registro de la intermediación).’ Act No. 510 on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials (Ley Nº 510 sobre el Control y Regulación de Armas de Fuego, Municiones, Explosivos y Otros Materiales Relacionados).Managua:National Assembly of the Republic of Nicaragua,18 November. (Q10749)Full Citation

60.

Nicaragua.2004.‘Brokers Register (Registro de intermediarios).’ Act No. 510 on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials (Ley Nº 510 sobre el Control y Regulación de Armas de Fuego, Municiones, Explosivos y Otros Materiales Relacionados).Managua:National Assembly of the Republic of Nicaragua,18 November. (Q10750)Full Citation

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Nicaragua.2005.‘Arms Broker Licence Requirements (Requisitos para la Licencia de Intermediarios).’ Decree No. 28-2005, Regulation to the Special Act on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials.Managua:Official Gazette of the Republic of Nicaragua,21 April. (Q10873)Full Citation

62.

Nicaragua.2005.‘Prior Registration of [Arms] Brokers (Registro Previo de Intermediarios).’ Decree No. 28-2005, Regulation to the Special Act on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials.Managua:Official Gazette of the Republic of Nicaragua,21 April. (Q10874)Full Citation

63.

Nicaragua.2012.‘Brokering.’ National Report of Nicaragua on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA) and the International Tracing Instrument (ITI).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Nicaragua to the United Nations,1 January. (Q11066)Full Citation

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Nicaragua.2004.‘Basic Definitions - Certificate of Final Destination (Definiciones básicas - Certificado de Destino Final).’ Act No. 510 on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials (Ley Nº 510 sobre el Control y Regulación de Armas de Fuego, Municiones, Explosivos y Otros Materiales Relacionados).Managua:National Assembly of the Republic of Nicaragua,18 November. (Q10704)Full Citation

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Nicaragua.2004.‘Basic Definitions - Verification Agency (Definiciones básicas - Agencia de Verificación).’ Act No. 510 on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials (Ley Nº 510 sobre el Control y Regulación de Armas de Fuego, Municiones, Explosivos y Otros Materiales Relacionados).Managua:National Assembly of the Republic of Nicaragua,18 November. (Q10702)Full Citation

66.

Nicaragua.2012.‘End-user Certificate.’ National Report of Nicaragua on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA) and the International Tracing Instrument (ITI).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Nicaragua to the United Nations,1 January. (Q11061)Full Citation

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Nicaragua.2004.‘Objective (Objeto).’ Act No. 510 on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials (Ley Nº 510 sobre el Control y Regulación de Armas de Fuego, Municiones, Explosivos y Otros Materiales Relacionados).Managua:National Assembly of the Republic of Nicaragua,18 November. (Q10701)Full Citation

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Nicaragua.2005.‘Object and Applicability (Objeto y Aplicabilidad).’ Decree No. 28-2005, Regulation to the Special Act on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials.Managua:Official Gazette of the Republic of Nicaragua,21 April. (Q10843)Full Citation

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Nicaragua.2004.‘Office for the Registration and Control of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Related Materials (Dirección de Registro y Control de Armas de Fuego, Municiones, Explosivos y Materiales Relacionados).’ Act No. 510 on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials (Ley Nº 510 sobre el Control y Regulación de Armas de Fuego, Municiones, Explosivos y Otros Materiales Relacionados).Managua:National Assembly of the Republic of Nicaragua,18 November. (Q10710)Full Citation

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Nicaragua.2004.‘Enforcement Authority (Autoridad de Aplicación).’ Act No. 510 on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials (Ley Nº 510 sobre el Control y Regulación de Armas de Fuego, Municiones, Explosivos y Otros Materiales Relacionados).Managua:National Assembly of the Republic of Nicaragua,18 November. (Q10711)Full Citation

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Nicaragua.2004.‘Functions of DAEM (Funciones de la DAEM).’ Act No. 510 on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials (Ley Nº 510 sobre el Control y Regulación de Armas de Fuego, Municiones, Explosivos y Otros Materiales Relacionados).Managua:National Assembly of the Republic of Nicaragua,18 November. (Q10712)Full Citation

73.

Nicaragua.2005.‘Organisational Structure of the DAEM (Estructura Organizativa de la DAEM).’ Decree No. 28-2005, Regulation to the Special Act on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials.Managua:Official Gazette of the Republic of Nicaragua,21 April. (Q10845)Full Citation

74.

Sherman, Amy and Tom Ginsburg.2014.‘Gun Rights in National Constitutions.’ Marco Rubio Says Second Amendment Is Unique in Speech to NRA.Miami, FL:Miami Herald (PolitiFact Florida),29 April. (Q8507)Full Citation

75.

Zachary Elkins, Tom Ginsburg and James Melton. 2013. ‘U.S. Gun Rights Truly Are American Exceptionalism.’ Bloomberg (USA). 7 March. (N422) Full Citation

76.

Nicaragua.2004.‘Prohibited Firearms (Armas prohibidas).’ Act No. 510 on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials (Ley Nº 510 sobre el Control y Regulación de Armas de Fuego, Municiones, Explosivos y Otros Materiales Relacionados).Managua:National Assembly of the Republic of Nicaragua,18 November. (Q10714)Full Citation

77.

Nicaragua.2004.‘Restricted Firearms (Armas restringidas).’ Act No. 510 on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials (Ley Nº 510 sobre el Control y Regulación de Armas de Fuego, Municiones, Explosivos y Otros Materiales Relacionados).Managua:National Assembly of the Republic of Nicaragua,18 November. (Q10715)Full Citation

78.

Nicaragua.2004.‘Firearms for Civil Use (Armas de uso civil).’ Act No. 510 on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials (Ley Nº 510 sobre el Control y Regulación de Armas de Fuego, Municiones, Explosivos y Otros Materiales Relacionados).Managua:National Assembly of the Republic of Nicaragua,18 November. (Q10716)Full Citation

79.

Nicaragua.2004.‘Classification of Firearms for Self Defence and Protection Objectives (Clasificación de armas de defensa personal y protección de objetivos).’ Act No. 510 on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials (Ley Nº 510 sobre el Control y Regulación de Armas de Fuego, Municiones, Explosivos y Otros Materiales Relacionados).Managua:National Assembly of the Republic of Nicaragua,18 November. (Q10717)Full Citation

80.

Nicaragua.2004.‘Registration in the Register (Inscripción en el Registro).’ Act No. 510 on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials (Ley Nº 510 sobre el Control y Regulación de Armas de Fuego, Municiones, Explosivos y Otros Materiales Relacionados).Managua:National Assembly of the Republic of Nicaragua,18 November. (Q10713)Full Citation

81.

Nicaragua.2004.‘Licences (Licencias).’ Act No. 510 on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials (Ley Nº 510 sobre el Control y Regulación de Armas de Fuego, Municiones, Explosivos y Otros Materiales Relacionados).Managua:National Assembly of the Republic of Nicaragua,18 November. (Q10723)Full Citation

82.

Nicaragua.2004.‘Procedure for Obtaining a Firearms Licence (Procedimiento para obtener licencia de armas de fuego).’ Act No. 510 on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials (Ley Nº 510 sobre el Control y Regulación de Armas de Fuego, Municiones, Explosivos y Otros Materiales Relacionados).Managua:National Assembly of the Republic of Nicaragua,18 November. (Q10730)Full Citation

83.

Nicaragua.2005.‘Prior Endorsement to Acquire Firearms (Aval Previo para Adquirir Arma de Fuego).’ Decree No. 28-2005, Regulation to the Special Act on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials.Managua:Official Gazette of the Republic of Nicaragua,21 April. (Q10858)Full Citation

84.

Nicaragua.2004.‘Exercising the Privilege to Own and Carry a Firearm (Ejercicio del Privilegio de Tener y Portar un Arma de Fuego).’ Act No. 510 on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials (Ley Nº 510 sobre el Control y Regulación de Armas de Fuego, Municiones, Explosivos y Otros Materiales Relacionados).Managua:National Assembly of the Republic of Nicaragua,18 November. (Q11525)Full Citation

85.

Nicaragua.2004.‘Information the Licence Must Contain (Datos que debe de contener la licencia).’ Act No. 510 on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials (Ley Nº 510 sobre el Control y Regulación de Armas de Fuego, Municiones, Explosivos y Otros Materiales Relacionados).Managua:National Assembly of the Republic of Nicaragua,18 November. (Q10732)Full Citation

86.

Nicaragua.2004.‘Licence for Collectible Firearms (Licencia para armas de fuego de colección).’ Act No. 510 on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials (Ley Nº 510 sobre el Control y Regulación de Armas de Fuego, Municiones, Explosivos y Otros Materiales Relacionados).Managua:National Assembly of the Republic of Nicaragua,18 November. (Q10734)Full Citation

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Nicaragua.2004.‘General Requirements for Obtaining a Licence (Requisitos generales para la tramitación y obtención de licencias).’ Act No. 510 on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials (Ley Nº 510 sobre el Control y Regulación de Armas de Fuego, Municiones, Explosivos y Otros Materiales Relacionados).Managua:National Assembly of the Republic of Nicaragua,18 November. (Q10729)Full Citation

88.

Nicaragua.2005.‘General Requirements to Obtain a Firearm Licence (Requisitos Generales para Obtener Licencia de Arma de Fuego).’ Decree No. 28-2005, Regulation to the Special Act on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials.Managua:Official Gazette of the Republic of Nicaragua,21 April. (Q10854)Full Citation

89.

Nicaragua.2004.‘Prevention to Acquire, Possess or Carry Firearms for Civilian Use (Imposibilitados para adquirir, tener o portar armas de fuego de uso civil).’ Act No. 510 on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials (Ley Nº 510 sobre el Control y Regulación de Armas de Fuego, Municiones, Explosivos y Otros Materiales Relacionados).Managua:National Assembly of the Republic of Nicaragua,18 November. (Q10721)Full Citation

90.

Nicaragua.2005.‘Permit for Minors (Permiso a Menores).’ Decree No. 28-2005, Regulation to the Special Act on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials.Managua:Official Gazette of the Republic of Nicaragua,21 April. (Q10861)Full Citation

91.

Nicaragua.2005.‘Physical and Psychological Abilities (Aptitudes Físicas y Psíquicas).’ Decree No. 28-2005, Regulation to the Special Act on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials.Managua:Official Gazette of the Republic of Nicaragua,21 April. (Q10857)Full Citation

92.

Nicaragua.2004.‘Objective (Objeto).’ Act No. 510 on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials (Ley Nº 510 sobre el Control y Regulación de Armas de Fuego, Municiones, Explosivos y Otros Materiales Relacionados).Managua:National Assembly of the Republic of Nicaragua,18 November. (Q12033)Full Citation

93.

Nicaragua.2004.‘Duration and Renewal (Vigencia y renovación).’ Act No. 510 on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials (Ley Nº 510 sobre el Control y Regulación de Armas de Fuego, Municiones, Explosivos y Otros Materiales Relacionados).Managua:National Assembly of the Republic of Nicaragua,18 November. (Q10728)Full Citation

94.

Nicaragua.2004.‘Update of Registered Documents (Actualización de documentos en el registro).’ Act No. 510 on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials (Ley Nº 510 sobre el Control y Regulación de Armas de Fuego, Municiones, Explosivos y Otros Materiales Relacionados).Managua:National Assembly of the Republic of Nicaragua,18 November. (Q10735)Full Citation

95.

Nicaragua.2005.‘Other Functions of the DAEM (Otras Funciones de la DAEM).’ Decree No. 28-2005, Regulation to the Special Act on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials.Managua:Official Gazette of the Republic of Nicaragua,21 April. (Q10846)Full Citation

96.

Nicaragua.2005.‘National Registry (Registro Nacional).’ Decree No. 28-2005, Regulation to the Special Act on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials.Managua:Official Gazette of the Republic of Nicaragua,21 April. (Q10847)Full Citation

97.

Nicaragua.2005.‘Controlled Information (Información Controlada).’ Decree No. 28-2005, Regulation to the Special Act on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials.Managua:Official Gazette of the Republic of Nicaragua,21 April. (Q10848)Full Citation

98.

Nicaragua.2012.‘Record-keeping.’ National Report of Nicaragua on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA) and the International Tracing Instrument (ITI).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Nicaragua to the United Nations,1 January. (Q11062)Full Citation

99.

Nicaragua.2010.‘Records (Registros).’ National Report of Nicaragua on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Nicaragua to the United Nations,29 April. (Q4759)Full Citation

100.

Nicaragua.2004.‘Control of Inventories (Control de inventarios).’ Act No. 510 on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials (Ley Nº 510 sobre el Control y Regulación de Armas de Fuego, Municiones, Explosivos y Otros Materiales Relacionados).Managua:National Assembly of the Republic of Nicaragua,18 November. (Q10740)Full Citation

101.

Nicaragua.2005.‘Dealer Record Keeping ( Libro de Registro para Comercio).’ Decree No. 28-2005, Regulation to the Special Act on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials.Managua:Official Gazette of the Republic of Nicaragua,21 April. (Q10867)Full Citation

102.

Nicaragua.2004.‘Dealer Licences (Licencia de comercio).’ Act No. 510 on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials (Ley Nº 510 sobre el Control y Regulación de Armas de Fuego, Municiones, Explosivos y Otros Materiales Relacionados).Managua:National Assembly of the Republic of Nicaragua,18 November. (Q10739)Full Citation

103.

Nicaragua.2005.‘General Requirements to Obtain a Dealer's Licence (Requisitos Generales para Obtener Licencia Comercial).’ Decree No. 28-2005, Regulation to the Special Act on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials.Managua:Official Gazette of the Republic of Nicaragua,21 April. (Q10855)Full Citation

104.

Nicaragua.2005.‘Licence for the Commerce of Firearms and Ammunition (Licencia de Comercio para Armas de Fuego y Municiones).’ Decree No. 28-2005, Regulation to the Special Act on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials.Managua:Official Gazette of the Republic of Nicaragua,21 April. (Q10864)Full Citation

105.

Nicaragua.2004.‘Crime of Illegally Trafficking Firearms (Delito de tráfico ilícito de armas).’ Act No. 510 on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials (Ley Nº 510 sobre el Control y Regulación de Armas de Fuego, Municiones, Explosivos y Otros Materiales Relacionados).Managua:National Assembly of the Republic of Nicaragua,18 November. (Q10753)Full Citation

106.

Nicaragua.2004.‘Prohibitions – Storehouses or Trading Centres (Prohibición de tenencia de almacenes o centros de comercialización).’ Act No. 510 on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials (Ley Nº 510 sobre el Control y Regulación de Armas de Fuego, Municiones, Explosivos y Otros Materiales Relacionados).Managua:National Assembly of the Republic of Nicaragua,18 November. (Q10762)Full Citation

107.

Nicaragua.2004.‘Duties, Obligations and Restrictions (Deberes, obligaciones y restricciones).’ Act No. 510 on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials (Ley Nº 510 sobre el Control y Regulación de Armas de Fuego, Municiones, Explosivos y Otros Materiales Relacionados).Managua:National Assembly of the Republic of Nicaragua,18 November. (Q10733)Full Citation

108.

Nicaragua.2004.‘General Security Norms (Normas Generales de Seguridad).’ Act No. 510 on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials (Ley Nº 510 sobre el Control y Regulación de Armas de Fuego, Municiones, Explosivos y Otros Materiales Relacionados).Managua:National Assembly of the Republic of Nicaragua,18 November. (Q11568)Full Citation

109.

Nicaragua.2005.‘Additional Requirements for Dealer Licences (Requisitos Adicionales para la Licencia de Comercio).’ Decree No. 28-2005, Regulation to the Special Act on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials.Managua:Official Gazette of the Republic of Nicaragua,21 April. (Q10865)Full Citation

110.

Nicaragua.2012.‘Stockpile Management.’ National Report of Nicaragua on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA) and the International Tracing Instrument (ITI).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Nicaragua to the United Nations,1 January. (Q11058)Full Citation

111.

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