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Nicaragua — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Nicaragua is

2017: 323,0001
2012: 450,0002 3 4

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Nicaragua is

2017: 5.201
2012: 7.82 3

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Nicaragua ranked at No. 935

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Nicaragua ranked at No. 773

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Nicaragua is reported to be

2017: 142,2601
2011: 142,2606
2010: 288,8877 8
2006: 90,1339 10 4
2002: 70,0007

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in Nicaragua is

2011: 2.5111
2010: 5.15
2006: 1.639 11
2002: 1.3911

Estimated Number of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms

ChartUnregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,12 but in Nicaragua there are estimated to be

2017: 180,7401
2014: 160,0004

Estimated Rate of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

Unregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,12 but in Nicaragua the rate of such firearms per 100 people is estimated to be 3.0011

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Nicaragua are reported to have 261,80013 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Nicaragua are reported to have 8,59014 15 16 7 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Nicaragua, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2013: 22817
2012: 273
2011: 246
2010: 23218
2003: 4908
2002: 23219

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Nicaragua, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2013: 3.9417
2012: 4.77
2011: 4.34
2010: 4.14
2003: 9.58
2002: 4.61

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Nicaragua, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2013: 21217
2012: 255
2011: 235
2010: 219

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Nicaragua, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2013: 1617
2012: 18
2011: 11
2010: 13

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Nicaragua, annual homicides by any means total

2013: 37917
2012: 420
2011: 401
2010: 353
2009: 564
2008: 51220 21 22 23 24
2007: 48620 21 22 23 24 8
2006: 49920 21 22 23 24
2005: 497
2004: 432
2003: 423
2002: 337
2001: 360
2000: 291
1999: 56122
1998: 639
1997: 679
1996: 662
1995: 707

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Nicaragua, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2013: 3.9417
2012: 4.77
2011: 4.34
2010: 4.14
2009: 13.020 21 22 23
2008: 13.020 21 22 23 24 25
2007: 13.0
2006: 14.0
2005: 13.0
2004: 12.0
2003: 12.0
2002: 10.0
2001: 10.0
2000: 9.0
1999: 11.222 25
1998: 13.0
1997: 14.1
1996: 14.0
1995: 15.2

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Nicaragua, annual male homicides by any means total

2013: 34817
2012: 380
2011: 371
2010: 322

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Nicaragua, annual female homicides by any means total

2013: 3117
2012: 40
2011: 30
2010: 31

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Nicaragua, annual firearm homicides total

2013: 17617
2012: 196
2011: 191
2010: 178
2009: 33826
2008: 33822 26
2007: 25922 26 8
2002: 15719

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Nicaragua, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 3.0417
2012: 3.42
2011: 3.37
2010: 3.18
2009: 5.926
2008: 5.922 26
2007: 4.622 26 24
2002: 2.8719

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Nicaragua, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2012: 48%20
2011: 48%27
2010: 52%21
2008: 42.1%22
2007: 35.2%22 8
2003: 56%8

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Nicaragua, annual male firearm homicides total

2013: 16217
2012: 184
2011: 185
2010: 168

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Nicaragua, annual female firearm homicides total

2013: 1417
2012: 12
2011: 6
2010: 10

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Nicaragua, annual suicides by any means total

2013: 35117
2012: 316
2011: 369
2010: 351
2009: 64928
2008: 65728 29
2007: 632
2006: 641
2005: 63328
2004: 78628 29
2003: 803
2002: 75628
2001: 73528 29
2000: 765

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Nicaragua, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2013: 6.0617
2012: 5.52
2011: 6.51
2010: 6.26
2009: 11.328
2008: 11.628 11
2007: 11.3
2006: 11.6
2005: 11.628
2004: 14.628 11
2003: 15.1
2002: 14.428 19
2001: 14.228 11
2000: 15.0

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Nicaragua, annual male suicides by any means total

2013: 27617
2012: 234
2011: 276
2010: 274

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Nicaragua, annual female suicides by any means total

2013: 7517
2012: 82
2011: 93
2010: 77

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Nicaragua, annual firearm suicides total

2013: 1717
2012: 17
2011: 14
2010: 1918
2002: 2519

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Nicaragua, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.2917
2012: 0.30
2011: 0.25
2010: 0.34
2002: 0.4619

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Nicaragua, annual male firearm suicides total

2013: 1617
2012: 14
2011: 14
2010: 19

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Nicaragua, annual female firearm suicides total

2013: 117
2012: 3
2011: 0
2010: 0

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Nicaragua, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2013: 2317
2012: 36
2011: 16
2010: 918
2002: 5019

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Nicaragua, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.2117
2012: 0.42
2011: 0.44
2010: 0.46
2002: 0.9119

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Nicaragua, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2013: 2317
2012: 33
2011: 15
2010: 9

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Nicaragua, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2013: 017
2012: 3
2011: 1
2010: 0

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Nicaragua, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2013: 1217
2012: 24
2011: 25
2010: 2618
2001: 119

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Nicaragua, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.2811
2010: 0.46
2001: 0.0219

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Nicaragua, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2013: 1117
2012: 24
2011: 21
2010: 23

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Nicaragua, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2013: 117
2012: 0
2011: 4
2010: 3

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Nicaragua, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence,30 31 32 33 34 35 36 but is not conducted in practice37 38

Home-made Guns

In Nicaragua, the prevalence of illicit craft, or 'home-made' firearm manufacture is reported to be high39

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Nicaragua, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 38 50

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Nicaragua is reported by Customs to be US$4,00051 (2011)

Firearm Imports

In Nicaragua, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law40 41 42 43 44 52 45 46 53 48 54 49 55 56 38 50

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Nicaragua is reported by Customs to be US$631,29951 (2011)

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Nicaragua is high57

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Nicaragua, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law58 59 60 61 62 63 64 38 50

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Nicaragua include65 42 44 66 47 53 67 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Nicaragua is categorised as restrictive68

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Nicaragua includes the Firearms Act No. 510 of 200569 and its regulation, Decree No. 28 of 200570

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Nicaragua are regulated by the National Police, through the Office for the Registration and Control of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Related Materials (DAEM)71 72 73 74

Right to Possess Firearms

In Nicaragua, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law75 76

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Nicaragua, civilians are not allowed to possess weapons of mass destruction, as well as banned weapons covered by international conventions,77 any type of automatic firearms, firearms for the exclusive use of the Army and National Police, and firearms disguised as everyday objects78 79

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Nicaragua, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited79 80 27

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Nicaragua, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted under licence79 80

Regulation of Handguns

In Nicaragua, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence79 80 27

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Nicaragua, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law79 80 27

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Nicaragua, only licensed gun owners81 82 30 83 84 85 86 87 38 27 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Nicaragua are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example self-defence, sports, hunting and collection79 30

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Nicaragua is 21 years88 89 with only narrow exemptions90 91

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Nicaragua must pass a background check which considers criminal, health and mental health88 89 83 92 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Nicaragua, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are required92

Partner to be Advised or Interviewed

In Nicaragua, licensing authorities are not required93 to conduct interviews with, or to advise an applicant's spouse, partner, or next of kin before issuing a gun licence

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Nicaragua does not stipulate93 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Nicaragua, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course may be required88 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Nicaragua, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every five years94

Licensing Records

In Nicaragua, authorities maintain a record81 83 95 61 96 97 98 38 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Nicaragua are permitted to possess any number of firearms93

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Nicaragua are permitted to possess any quantity of ammunition93

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Nicaragua, the law requires98 73 95 96 99 100 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Nicaragua, licensed firearm dealers are required101 102 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Nicaragua, licensed gun makers are required34 35 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Nicaragua, State agencies are required100 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Nicaragua, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited without a valid firearms licence and unless registered by the Implementing Authority83

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Nicaragua, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful103 30 104 105 106 38 107

Background Checks for Private Gun Sales

The buyer of a firearm in a private sale in Nicaragua is obliged83 to pass official background checks before taking possession

Background Checks for Dealer Gun Sales

The buyer of a firearm from a licensed gun dealer in Nicaragua is obliged83 to pass official background checks before taking possession

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In Nicaragua, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is undetermined93

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Nicaragua, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are not regulated93 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Nicaragua include108 109 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Nicaragua include32 109 34 110 36 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Nicaragua include111 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Nicaragua include44 112 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Nicaragua, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law113 114 40 115 116 56 55 117 38

Firearm Tracing

In Nicaragua, state authorities carry out96 98 118 119 100 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Nicaragua, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are not93 recorded in a register

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Nicaragua, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law85 120 27

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Nicaragua, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is prohibited121

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Nicaragua, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit85 121

Gun Free Zones

In Nicaragua, private guns are prohibited in recreational centres, sports centres or facilities not intended for shooting practice, religious temples, theatres, cinemas, bars, restaurants, parks, fairs and similar sites, state and municipal facilities, public or private hospitals, educational establishments, universities, public or private demonstrations, acts, assemblies, gatherings, or meetings, socio-cultural activities, popular festivals and celebrations of any kind120

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Nicaragua, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm122 is six to 12 months in prison and a fine123 106

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in Nicaragua are known to have124 125 126 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Surrendered in Gun Amnesty

In Nicaragua, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered in recent arms amnesty and collection programmes is reported to be

1989/2002 (with Honduras): 17,883127

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn Nicaragua, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2013: 171128
2012: 5,031124 129 130
2011: 3,061130
2010: 206131
2009: 192132
2008-13: 19,0006 133 134
2006-08: 40,402125
2004: 434126
1990-2000: 64,000135

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn Nicaragua, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2010: 1,9078
2006/08: 12,996125 134
2005: 1,000136
1991/93: 142,000137

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Nicaragua, it is state policy138 139 140 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

Central American Integration System

As a member of the Central American Integration System (SICA), Nicaragua is party to the 2007 Central American Programme on Small Arms Control and the Code of Conduct of Central American States on the Transfer of Arms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Material141

Organization of American States

On 14 November 1997, as a member of the Organisation of American States (OAS), Nicaragua adopted the Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Explosives, Ammunition and Other Related Materials (CIFTA), a legally binding multilateral treaty of which the OAS is depository. The CIFTA Convention has since been signed and ratified142 143 by Nicaragua

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 2009144 by Nicaragua.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has not been signed145 by Nicaragua

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified146 by Nicaragua

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Nicaragua committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects147

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Nicaragua against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 13148 149 150 151 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Nicaragua has submitted one or more national reports152 153 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Nicaragua, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated154 153

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Nicaragua, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated154 153

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Nicaragua submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was not apparent154 153

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated153 by Nicaragua to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided153 to Nicaragua by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Nicaragua has not declared155 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Nicaragua has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1945156

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list157 Nicaragua as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Nicaragua, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Nicaragua ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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Nicaragua.2005.‘Additional Requirements for a Gun Shop [Armoury] Licence (Requisitos Adicionales para la Licencia de Armería).’ Decree No. 28-2005, Regulation to the Special Act on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials.Managua:Official Gazette of the Republic of Nicaragua,21 April. (Q10862)Full Citation

35.

Nicaragua.2005.‘Gun Shop [Armoury] Record Keeping (Libro de Registro para Armería y Control de Inventario).’ Decree No. 28-2005, Regulation to the Special Act on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials.Managua:Official Gazette of the Republic of Nicaragua,21 April. (Q10863)Full Citation

36.

Nicaragua.2005.‘General Security Plan for Firearms and Explosives (Plan de Seguridad General para Armas y Explosivos).’ Decree No. 28-2005, Regulation to the Special Act on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials.Managua:Official Gazette of the Republic of Nicaragua,21 April. (Q10877)Full Citation

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Nicaragua.2004.‘Export and Import Licence (Licencia de exportación e importación).’ Act No. 510 on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials (Ley Nº 510 sobre el Control y Regulación de Armas de Fuego, Municiones, Explosivos y Otros Materiales Relacionados).Managua:National Assembly of the Republic of Nicaragua,18 November. (Q10741)Full Citation

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Nicaragua.2004.‘Department Authorised for Import and Export (Dependencia autorizada para la importación y exportación).’ Act No. 510 on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials (Ley Nº 510 sobre el Control y Regulación de Armas de Fuego, Municiones, Explosivos y Otros Materiales Relacionados).Managua:National Assembly of the Republic of Nicaragua,18 November. (Q10743)Full Citation

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Nicaragua.2004.‘Authorisation Certificate (Certificado de autorización).’ Act No. 510 on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials (Ley Nº 510 sobre el Control y Regulación de Armas de Fuego, Municiones, Explosivos y Otros Materiales Relacionados).Managua:National Assembly of the Republic of Nicaragua,18 November. (Q10744)Full Citation

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Nicaragua.2004.‘Identification of Batches of Firearms and Ammunition (Identificación de lotes de armas y municiones).’ Act No. 510 on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials (Ley Nº 510 sobre el Control y Regulación de Armas de Fuego, Municiones, Explosivos y Otros Materiales Relacionados).Managua:National Assembly of the Republic of Nicaragua,18 November. (Q10745)Full Citation

44.

Nicaragua.2004.‘Transit of Firearm and Ammunition Batches (Tránsito de lotes de armas y municiones).’ Act No. 510 on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials (Ley Nº 510 sobre el Control y Regulación de Armas de Fuego, Municiones, Explosivos y Otros Materiales Relacionados).Managua:National Assembly of the Republic of Nicaragua,18 November. (Q10746)Full Citation

45.

Nicaragua.2005.‘Import and Export Licence (Licencia de Importación y Exportación).’ Decree No. 28-2005, Regulation to the Special Act on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials.Managua:Official Gazette of the Republic of Nicaragua,21 April. (Q10868)Full Citation

46.

Nicaragua.2005.‘Special Certificate for Firearm Stocks (Certificado Especial para Lotes de Armas).’ Decree No. 28-2005, Regulation to the Special Act on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials.Managua:Official Gazette of the Republic of Nicaragua,21 April. (Q10870)Full Citation

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Nicaragua.2005.‘Export Certificate Requirements (Requisitos del Certificado de Exportación).’ Decree No. 28-2005, Regulation to the Special Act on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials.Managua:Official Gazette of the Republic of Nicaragua,21 April. (Q10871)Full Citation

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Nicaragua.2005.‘Mandatory Inspection of Firearms and Explosives (Inspección Obligatoria de Armas y Explosivos).’ Decree No. 28-2005, Regulation to the Special Act on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials.Managua:Official Gazette of the Republic of Nicaragua,21 April. (Q10878)Full Citation

49.

Nicaragua.2012.‘International Transfers - Record Keeping.’ National Report of Nicaragua on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA) and the International Tracing Instrument (ITI).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Nicaragua to the United Nations,1 January. (Q11059)Full Citation

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Marsh, Nicholas.2014.‘Database of Authorised Transfers of Small Arms and Light Weapons.’ NISAT Small Arms Trade Database.Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers,22 December. (Q16)Full Citation

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Nicaragua.2004.‘Importation of Firearms by Individuals (Introducción de armas de fuego por particulares).’ Act No. 510 on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials (Ley Nº 510 sobre el Control y Regulación de Armas de Fuego, Municiones, Explosivos y Otros Materiales Relacionados).Managua:National Assembly of the Republic of Nicaragua,18 November. (Q10742)Full Citation

53.

Nicaragua.2005.‘Import Certificate Requirements (Requisitos del Certificado de Importación).’ Decree No. 28-2005, Regulation to the Special Act on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials.Managua:Official Gazette of the Republic of Nicaragua,21 April. (Q10872)Full Citation

54.

Nicaragua.2005.‘Physical Inspection and Inventory (Inspección Física e Inventario).’ Decree No. 28-2005, Regulation to the Special Act on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials.Managua:Official Gazette of the Republic of Nicaragua,21 April. (Q10869)Full Citation

55.

Nicaragua.2012.‘Marking at Import.’ National Report of Nicaragua on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA) and the International Tracing Instrument (ITI).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Nicaragua to the United Nations,1 January. (Q11060)Full Citation

56.

Nicaragua.2012.‘Marking.’ National Report of Nicaragua on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA) and the International Tracing Instrument (ITI).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Nicaragua to the United Nations,1 January. (Q11063)Full Citation

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58.

Nicaragua.2004.‘Authorisation for Brokering Activities (Autorización para la intermediación).’ Act No. 510 on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials (Ley Nº 510 sobre el Control y Regulación de Armas de Fuego, Municiones, Explosivos y Otros Materiales Relacionados).Managua:National Assembly of the Republic of Nicaragua,18 November. (Q10747)Full Citation

59.

Nicaragua.2004.‘Cases Where Brokering Is Prohibited (Casos en que se prohíbe la intermediación).’ Act No. 510 on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials (Ley Nº 510 sobre el Control y Regulación de Armas de Fuego, Municiones, Explosivos y Otros Materiales Relacionados).Managua:National Assembly of the Republic of Nicaragua,18 November. (Q10748)Full Citation

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Nicaragua.2004.‘Requirements for the Authorisation and Registration of Brokering Activities (Requisitos para la autorización y registro de la intermediación).’ Act No. 510 on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials (Ley Nº 510 sobre el Control y Regulación de Armas de Fuego, Municiones, Explosivos y Otros Materiales Relacionados).Managua:National Assembly of the Republic of Nicaragua,18 November. (Q10749)Full Citation

61.

Nicaragua.2004.‘Brokers Register (Registro de intermediarios).’ Act No. 510 on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials (Ley Nº 510 sobre el Control y Regulación de Armas de Fuego, Municiones, Explosivos y Otros Materiales Relacionados).Managua:National Assembly of the Republic of Nicaragua,18 November. (Q10750)Full Citation

62.

Nicaragua.2005.‘Arms Broker Licence Requirements (Requisitos para la Licencia de Intermediarios).’ Decree No. 28-2005, Regulation to the Special Act on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials.Managua:Official Gazette of the Republic of Nicaragua,21 April. (Q10873)Full Citation

63.

Nicaragua.2005.‘Prior Registration of [Arms] Brokers (Registro Previo de Intermediarios).’ Decree No. 28-2005, Regulation to the Special Act on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials.Managua:Official Gazette of the Republic of Nicaragua,21 April. (Q10874)Full Citation

64.

Nicaragua.2012.‘Brokering.’ National Report of Nicaragua on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA) and the International Tracing Instrument (ITI).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Nicaragua to the United Nations,1 January. (Q11066)Full Citation

65.

Nicaragua.2004.‘Basic Definitions - Certificate of Final Destination (Definiciones básicas - Certificado de Destino Final).’ Act No. 510 on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials (Ley Nº 510 sobre el Control y Regulación de Armas de Fuego, Municiones, Explosivos y Otros Materiales Relacionados).Managua:National Assembly of the Republic of Nicaragua,18 November. (Q10704)Full Citation

66.

Nicaragua.2004.‘Basic Definitions - Verification Agency (Definiciones básicas - Agencia de Verificación).’ Act No. 510 on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials (Ley Nº 510 sobre el Control y Regulación de Armas de Fuego, Municiones, Explosivos y Otros Materiales Relacionados).Managua:National Assembly of the Republic of Nicaragua,18 November. (Q10702)Full Citation

67.

Nicaragua.2012.‘End-user Certificate.’ National Report of Nicaragua on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA) and the International Tracing Instrument (ITI).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Nicaragua to the United Nations,1 January. (Q11061)Full Citation

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Nicaragua.2004.‘Objective (Objeto).’ Act No. 510 on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials (Ley Nº 510 sobre el Control y Regulación de Armas de Fuego, Municiones, Explosivos y Otros Materiales Relacionados).Managua:National Assembly of the Republic of Nicaragua,18 November. (Q10701)Full Citation

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Nicaragua.2005.‘Object and Applicability (Objeto y Aplicabilidad).’ Decree No. 28-2005, Regulation to the Special Act on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials.Managua:Official Gazette of the Republic of Nicaragua,21 April. (Q10843)Full Citation

71.

Nicaragua.2004.‘Office for the Registration and Control of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Related Materials (Dirección de Registro y Control de Armas de Fuego, Municiones, Explosivos y Materiales Relacionados).’ Act No. 510 on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials (Ley Nº 510 sobre el Control y Regulación de Armas de Fuego, Municiones, Explosivos y Otros Materiales Relacionados).Managua:National Assembly of the Republic of Nicaragua,18 November. (Q10710)Full Citation

72.

Nicaragua.2004.‘Enforcement Authority (Autoridad de Aplicación).’ Act No. 510 on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials (Ley Nº 510 sobre el Control y Regulación de Armas de Fuego, Municiones, Explosivos y Otros Materiales Relacionados).Managua:National Assembly of the Republic of Nicaragua,18 November. (Q10711)Full Citation

73.

Nicaragua.2004.‘Functions of DAEM (Funciones de la DAEM).’ Act No. 510 on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials (Ley Nº 510 sobre el Control y Regulación de Armas de Fuego, Municiones, Explosivos y Otros Materiales Relacionados).Managua:National Assembly of the Republic of Nicaragua,18 November. (Q10712)Full Citation

74.

Nicaragua.2005.‘Organisational Structure of the DAEM (Estructura Organizativa de la DAEM).’ Decree No. 28-2005, Regulation to the Special Act on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials.Managua:Official Gazette of the Republic of Nicaragua,21 April. (Q10845)Full Citation

75.

Sherman, Amy and Tom Ginsburg.2014.‘Gun Rights in National Constitutions.’ Marco Rubio Says Second Amendment Is Unique in Speech to NRA.Miami, FL:Miami Herald (PolitiFact Florida),29 April. (Q8507)Full Citation

76.

Zachary Elkins, Tom Ginsburg and James Melton. 2013. ‘U.S. Gun Rights Truly Are American Exceptionalism.’ Bloomberg (USA). 7 March. (N422) Full Citation

77.

Nicaragua.2004.‘Prohibited Firearms (Armas prohibidas).’ Act No. 510 on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials (Ley Nº 510 sobre el Control y Regulación de Armas de Fuego, Municiones, Explosivos y Otros Materiales Relacionados).Managua:National Assembly of the Republic of Nicaragua,18 November. (Q10714)Full Citation

78.

Nicaragua.2004.‘Restricted Firearms (Armas restringidas).’ Act No. 510 on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials (Ley Nº 510 sobre el Control y Regulación de Armas de Fuego, Municiones, Explosivos y Otros Materiales Relacionados).Managua:National Assembly of the Republic of Nicaragua,18 November. (Q10715)Full Citation

79.

Nicaragua.2004.‘Firearms for Civil Use (Armas de uso civil).’ Act No. 510 on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials (Ley Nº 510 sobre el Control y Regulación de Armas de Fuego, Municiones, Explosivos y Otros Materiales Relacionados).Managua:National Assembly of the Republic of Nicaragua,18 November. (Q10716)Full Citation

80.

Nicaragua.2004.‘Classification of Firearms for Self Defence and Protection Objectives (Clasificación de armas de defensa personal y protección de objetivos).’ Act No. 510 on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials (Ley Nº 510 sobre el Control y Regulación de Armas de Fuego, Municiones, Explosivos y Otros Materiales Relacionados).Managua:National Assembly of the Republic of Nicaragua,18 November. (Q10717)Full Citation

81.

Nicaragua.2004.‘Registration in the Register (Inscripción en el Registro).’ Act No. 510 on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials (Ley Nº 510 sobre el Control y Regulación de Armas de Fuego, Municiones, Explosivos y Otros Materiales Relacionados).Managua:National Assembly of the Republic of Nicaragua,18 November. (Q10713)Full Citation

82.

Nicaragua.2004.‘Licences (Licencias).’ Act No. 510 on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials (Ley Nº 510 sobre el Control y Regulación de Armas de Fuego, Municiones, Explosivos y Otros Materiales Relacionados).Managua:National Assembly of the Republic of Nicaragua,18 November. (Q10723)Full Citation

83.

Nicaragua.2004.‘Procedure for Obtaining a Firearms Licence (Procedimiento para obtener licencia de armas de fuego).’ Act No. 510 on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials (Ley Nº 510 sobre el Control y Regulación de Armas de Fuego, Municiones, Explosivos y Otros Materiales Relacionados).Managua:National Assembly of the Republic of Nicaragua,18 November. (Q10730)Full Citation

84.

Nicaragua.2005.‘Prior Endorsement to Acquire Firearms (Aval Previo para Adquirir Arma de Fuego).’ Decree No. 28-2005, Regulation to the Special Act on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials.Managua:Official Gazette of the Republic of Nicaragua,21 April. (Q10858)Full Citation

85.

Nicaragua.2004.‘Exercising the Privilege to Own and Carry a Firearm (Ejercicio del Privilegio de Tener y Portar un Arma de Fuego).’ Act No. 510 on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials (Ley Nº 510 sobre el Control y Regulación de Armas de Fuego, Municiones, Explosivos y Otros Materiales Relacionados).Managua:National Assembly of the Republic of Nicaragua,18 November. (Q11525)Full Citation

86.

Nicaragua.2004.‘Information the Licence Must Contain (Datos que debe de contener la licencia).’ Act No. 510 on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials (Ley Nº 510 sobre el Control y Regulación de Armas de Fuego, Municiones, Explosivos y Otros Materiales Relacionados).Managua:National Assembly of the Republic of Nicaragua,18 November. (Q10732)Full Citation

87.

Nicaragua.2004.‘Licence for Collectible Firearms (Licencia para armas de fuego de colección).’ Act No. 510 on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials (Ley Nº 510 sobre el Control y Regulación de Armas de Fuego, Municiones, Explosivos y Otros Materiales Relacionados).Managua:National Assembly of the Republic of Nicaragua,18 November. (Q10734)Full Citation

88.

Nicaragua.2004.‘General Requirements for Obtaining a Licence (Requisitos generales para la tramitación y obtención de licencias).’ Act No. 510 on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials (Ley Nº 510 sobre el Control y Regulación de Armas de Fuego, Municiones, Explosivos y Otros Materiales Relacionados).Managua:National Assembly of the Republic of Nicaragua,18 November. (Q10729)Full Citation

89.

Nicaragua.2005.‘General Requirements to Obtain a Firearm Licence (Requisitos Generales para Obtener Licencia de Arma de Fuego).’ Decree No. 28-2005, Regulation to the Special Act on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials.Managua:Official Gazette of the Republic of Nicaragua,21 April. (Q10854)Full Citation

90.

Nicaragua.2004.‘Prevention to Acquire, Possess or Carry Firearms for Civilian Use (Imposibilitados para adquirir, tener o portar armas de fuego de uso civil).’ Act No. 510 on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials (Ley Nº 510 sobre el Control y Regulación de Armas de Fuego, Municiones, Explosivos y Otros Materiales Relacionados).Managua:National Assembly of the Republic of Nicaragua,18 November. (Q10721)Full Citation

91.

Nicaragua.2005.‘Permit for Minors (Permiso a Menores).’ Decree No. 28-2005, Regulation to the Special Act on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials.Managua:Official Gazette of the Republic of Nicaragua,21 April. (Q10861)Full Citation

92.

Nicaragua.2005.‘Physical and Psychological Abilities (Aptitudes Físicas y Psíquicas).’ Decree No. 28-2005, Regulation to the Special Act on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials.Managua:Official Gazette of the Republic of Nicaragua,21 April. (Q10857)Full Citation

93.

Nicaragua.2004.‘Objective (Objeto).’ Act No. 510 on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials (Ley Nº 510 sobre el Control y Regulación de Armas de Fuego, Municiones, Explosivos y Otros Materiales Relacionados).Managua:National Assembly of the Republic of Nicaragua,18 November. (Q12033)Full Citation

94.

Nicaragua.2004.‘Duration and Renewal (Vigencia y renovación).’ Act No. 510 on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials (Ley Nº 510 sobre el Control y Regulación de Armas de Fuego, Municiones, Explosivos y Otros Materiales Relacionados).Managua:National Assembly of the Republic of Nicaragua,18 November. (Q10728)Full Citation

95.

Nicaragua.2004.‘Update of Registered Documents (Actualización de documentos en el registro).’ Act No. 510 on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials (Ley Nº 510 sobre el Control y Regulación de Armas de Fuego, Municiones, Explosivos y Otros Materiales Relacionados).Managua:National Assembly of the Republic of Nicaragua,18 November. (Q10735)Full Citation

96.

Nicaragua.2005.‘Other Functions of the DAEM (Otras Funciones de la DAEM).’ Decree No. 28-2005, Regulation to the Special Act on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials.Managua:Official Gazette of the Republic of Nicaragua,21 April. (Q10846)Full Citation

97.

Nicaragua.2005.‘National Registry (Registro Nacional).’ Decree No. 28-2005, Regulation to the Special Act on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials.Managua:Official Gazette of the Republic of Nicaragua,21 April. (Q10847)Full Citation

98.

Nicaragua.2005.‘Controlled Information (Información Controlada).’ Decree No. 28-2005, Regulation to the Special Act on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials.Managua:Official Gazette of the Republic of Nicaragua,21 April. (Q10848)Full Citation

99.

Nicaragua.2012.‘Record-keeping.’ National Report of Nicaragua on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA) and the International Tracing Instrument (ITI).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Nicaragua to the United Nations,1 January. (Q11062)Full Citation

100.

Nicaragua.2010.‘Records (Registros).’ National Report of Nicaragua on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Nicaragua to the United Nations,29 April. (Q4759)Full Citation

101.

Nicaragua.2004.‘Control of Inventories (Control de inventarios).’ Act No. 510 on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials (Ley Nº 510 sobre el Control y Regulación de Armas de Fuego, Municiones, Explosivos y Otros Materiales Relacionados).Managua:National Assembly of the Republic of Nicaragua,18 November. (Q10740)Full Citation

102.

Nicaragua.2005.‘Dealer Record Keeping ( Libro de Registro para Comercio).’ Decree No. 28-2005, Regulation to the Special Act on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials.Managua:Official Gazette of the Republic of Nicaragua,21 April. (Q10867)Full Citation

103.

Nicaragua.2004.‘Dealer Licences (Licencia de comercio).’ Act No. 510 on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials (Ley Nº 510 sobre el Control y Regulación de Armas de Fuego, Municiones, Explosivos y Otros Materiales Relacionados).Managua:National Assembly of the Republic of Nicaragua,18 November. (Q10739)Full Citation

104.

Nicaragua.2005.‘General Requirements to Obtain a Dealer's Licence (Requisitos Generales para Obtener Licencia Comercial).’ Decree No. 28-2005, Regulation to the Special Act on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials.Managua:Official Gazette of the Republic of Nicaragua,21 April. (Q10855)Full Citation

105.

Nicaragua.2005.‘Licence for the Commerce of Firearms and Ammunition (Licencia de Comercio para Armas de Fuego y Municiones).’ Decree No. 28-2005, Regulation to the Special Act on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials.Managua:Official Gazette of the Republic of Nicaragua,21 April. (Q10864)Full Citation

106.

Nicaragua.2004.‘Crime of Illegally Trafficking Firearms (Delito de tráfico ilícito de armas).’ Act No. 510 on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials (Ley Nº 510 sobre el Control y Regulación de Armas de Fuego, Municiones, Explosivos y Otros Materiales Relacionados).Managua:National Assembly of the Republic of Nicaragua,18 November. (Q10753)Full Citation

107.

Nicaragua.2004.‘Prohibitions – Storehouses or Trading Centres (Prohibición de tenencia de almacenes o centros de comercialización).’ Act No. 510 on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials (Ley Nº 510 sobre el Control y Regulación de Armas de Fuego, Municiones, Explosivos y Otros Materiales Relacionados).Managua:National Assembly of the Republic of Nicaragua,18 November. (Q10762)Full Citation

108.

Nicaragua.2004.‘Duties, Obligations and Restrictions (Deberes, obligaciones y restricciones).’ Act No. 510 on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials (Ley Nº 510 sobre el Control y Regulación de Armas de Fuego, Municiones, Explosivos y Otros Materiales Relacionados).Managua:National Assembly of the Republic of Nicaragua,18 November. (Q10733)Full Citation

109.

Nicaragua.2004.‘General Security Norms (Normas Generales de Seguridad).’ Act No. 510 on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials (Ley Nº 510 sobre el Control y Regulación de Armas de Fuego, Municiones, Explosivos y Otros Materiales Relacionados).Managua:National Assembly of the Republic of Nicaragua,18 November. (Q11568)Full Citation

110.

Nicaragua.2005.‘Additional Requirements for Dealer Licences (Requisitos Adicionales para la Licencia de Comercio).’ Decree No. 28-2005, Regulation to the Special Act on the Control and Regulation of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials.Managua:Official Gazette of the Republic of Nicaragua,21 April. (Q10865)Full Citation

111.

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