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Armed violence prevention, gun control laws and the small arms trade:

New Zealand — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in New Zealand is

2017: 1,500,0001 2
2016: 1,320,0003 4 5
2009: 1,200,0006
2005: 925,0007

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in New Zealand is

2017: 33.268 9 5 2
2016: 29.50
2009: 28.48
2005: 22.67

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

In New Zealand, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be 460,000.10 In the absence of registration for most rifles, only an approximation is possible

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

In New Zealand, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be 300,000.10 In the absence of registration for most shotguns, only an approximation is possible

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

ChartIn New Zealand, the number of handguns in civilian possession is reported to be

2017: 40,60511
2010: 36,00012

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, New Zealand ranked at No. 5413

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, New Zealand ranked at No. 227

Proportion of Households with Firearms

ChartIn New Zealand, the percentage of households with one or more guns is reported to be

2005: 16.6%14
1994: 24.4%14
1992: 22.3%15

Proportion of Households with Rifles

In New Zealand, the percentage of households with one or more rifles is reported to be

1992: 18.2%15

Proportion of Households with Shotguns

In New Zealand, the percentage of households with one or more shotguns is reported to be

1992: 14.0%15

Proportion of Households with Handguns

ChartIn New Zealand, the percentage of households with one or more handguns is reported to be

2005: 0.6%14
1994: 1.6%14 15

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

ChartThe number of licensed gun owners in New Zealand is reported to be

2017: 238,70016
2016: 250,00017
2015: 242,05618
2013: 237,68419
2010: 223,00012

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in New Zealand is

2017: 5.298
2016: 5.59
2015: 5.68
2013: 5.45
2010: 5.24

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in New Zealand is reported to be

2017: 60,03111
2010: 43,800 12

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in New Zealand is

2017: 1.33
2010: 1.03

Estimated Number of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms

ChartUnregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,20 but in New Zealand there are estimated to be

2017: 1,500,0001
2009: 1,200,0006

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of New Zealand are reported to have 38,28021 firearms

Routine Arming of Police

In New Zealand, police officers on routine patrol do not carry a firearm22 23

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in New Zealand are reported to have 13,00024 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn New Zealand, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2015: 5525
2014: 52
2013: 59
2012: 5326
2011: 43
2010: 5127 28
2009: 7127
2008: 56
2007: 55
2006: 58
2005: 55
2004: 48
2003: 55
2002: 60
2001: 60
2000: 52
1999: 54
1998: 84
1997: 70
1996: 66
1995: 80
1994: 92
1993: 92
1992: 122
1991: 106
1990: 108
1989: 90
1988: 140

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn New Zealand, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2015: 1.2429
2014: 1.18
2013: 1.35
2012: 1.2226
2011: 1
2010: 1.20
2009: 1.60
2008: 1.30
2007: 1.30
2006: 1.40
2005: 1.30
2004: 1.20
2003: 1.40
2002: 1.50
2001: 1.50
2000: 1.30
1999: 1.40
1998: 2.20
1997: 1.90
1996: 1.80
1995: 2.20
1994: 2.50
1993: 2.60
1992: 3.50
1991: 3.00
1990: 3.10
1989: 2.60
1988: 4.10

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn New Zealand, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2015: 5025
2014: 46
2013: 55
2012: 5026
2011: 37
2010: 46

Rate of Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn New Zealand, the annual rate of male gun death per 100,000 population is

2015: 1.138
2014: 1.04
2013: 1.26

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn New Zealand, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2015: 525
2014: 6
2013: 4
2012: 326
2011: 6
2010: 5

Rate of Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn New Zealand, the annual rate of female gun death per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.118
2014: 0.14
2013: 0.09

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn New Zealand, annual homicides by any means total

2015: 5925
2014: 45
2013: 56
2012: 5626
2011: 53
2010: 53
2009: 8530 31 32 33
2008: 53
2007: 57
2006: 66
2005: 72
2004: 49
2003: 58
2002: 70
2001: 53
2000: 56
1999: 5130 32 33
1998: 57
1997: 69
1996: 69
1995: 47
1994: 7030 33
1993: 5130
1992: 82
1991: 66
1990: 78
1989: 72
1988: 58

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn New Zealand, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 1.338
2014: 1.02
2013: 1.28
2012: 1.2226
2011: 1
2010: 1.20
2009: 2.0030 31 32
2008: 1.2030 34 31 32
2007: 1.30
2006: 1.60
2005: 1.70
2004: 1.20
2003: 1.40
2002: 1.80
2001: 1.40
2000: 1.50
1999: 1.3030 34 32
1998: 1.50
1997: 1.80
1996: 1.80
1995: 1.30
1994: 1.9030
1993: 1.40
1992: 2.30
1991: 1.90
1990: 2.30
1989: 2.10
1988: 1.70

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn New Zealand, annual male homicides by any means total

2015: 4025
2014: 31
2013: 42
2012: 3126
2011: 35
2010: 30

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn New Zealand, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.908
2014: 0.70
2013: 0.96

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn New Zealand, annual female homicides by any means total

2015: 1925
2014: 14
2013: 14
2012: 2526
2011: 18
2010: 23

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn New Zealand, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.438
2014: 0.32
2013: 0.32

Gun Homicides

ChartIn New Zealand, annual firearm homicides total

2015: 825
2014: 7
2013: 10
2012: 331 35
2011: 4
2010: 736 31 35 28
2009: 1236 31 35
2008: 736 31 32 35
2007: 5
2006: 8
2005: 8
2004: 636 35
2003: 6
2002: 936 32 35
2001: 7
2000: 8
1999: 6
1998: 4
1997: 11
1996: 9
1995: 8
1994: 1736 35
1993: 636
1992: 15
1991: 11
1990: 24
1989: 18
1988: 18

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn New Zealand, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.188
2014: 0.16
2013: 0.23
2012: 0.0726
2011: 0.09
2010: 0.16
2009: 0.30
2008: 0.2036 8 32
2007: 0.10
2006: 0.20
2005: 0.20
2004: 0.1036
2003: 0.10
2002: 0.2036 32
2001: 0.20
2000: 0.20
1999: 0.20
1997: 0.30
1996: 0.20
1995: 0.20
1994: 0.5036
1993: 0.20
1992: 0.40
1991: 0.30
1990: 0.70
1989: 0.50
1988: 0.50

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn New Zealand, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2012: 7%31
2011: 8%
2010: 16%31 37
2009: 16%31
2008: 14%
2007: 13%
2006: 18%
2005: 15%
2002: 16.7%32
2001: 11.8%
2000: 13.5%
1999: 10.0%
1998: 7.5%
1997: 19.7%
1996: 16.4%
1995: 22.5%

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn New Zealand, annual male firearm homicides total

2015: 625
2014: 4
2013: 8
2012: 226
2011: 0
2010: 5

Rate of Male Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn New Zealand, the annual rate of male firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.148
2014: 0.09
2013: 0.18

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn New Zealand, annual female firearm homicides total

2015: 225
2014: 3
2013: 2
2012: 126
2011: 4
2010: 2

Rate of Female Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn New Zealand, the annual rate of female firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.058
2014: 0.07
2013: 0.05

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn New Zealand, annual suicides by any means total

2015: 52525
2014: 510
2013: 517
2012: 54926
2011: 493
2010: 535
2009: 512
2008: 518
2007: 496
2006: 527
2005: 515
2004: 495
2003: 521
2002: 467
2001: 508
2000: 458
1999: 515
1998: 577
1997: 561
1996: 540
1995: 543
1994: 512
1993: 443
1992: 493
1991: 474
1990: 455
1989: 465
1988: 484

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn New Zealand, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 11.838
2014: 11.59
2013: 11.84
2012: 12.6926
2011: 11.49
2010: 12.58
2009: 11.90
2008: 12.10
2007: 11.70
2006: 12.60
2005: 12.50
2004: 12.10
2003: 12.90
2002: 11.80
2001: 13.10
2000: 11.90
1999: 13.40
1998: 15.10
1997: 14.80
1996: 14.50
1995: 14.80
1994: 14.10
1993: 12.40
1992: 14.00
1991: 13.60
1990: 13.20
1989: 13.60
1988: 14.30

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn New Zealand, annual male suicides by any means total

2015: 38325
2014: 380
2013: 367
2012: 40426
2011: 377
2010: 387

Rate of Male Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn New Zealand, the annual rate of male suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 8.638
2014: 8.63
2013: 8.41

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn New Zealand, annual female suicides by any means total

2015: 14225
2014: 130
2013: 150
2012: 14526
2011: 116
2010: 148

Rate of Female Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn New Zealand, the annual rate of female suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 3.208
2014: 2.95
2013: 3.44

Gun Suicides

ChartIn New Zealand, annual firearm suicides total

2015: 4125
2014: 42
2013: 48
2012: 4726
2011: 3638
2010: 4239 38 28
2009: 5339 38
2008: 42
2007: 48
2006: 48
2005: 44
2004: 39
2003: 41
2002: 49
2001: 51
2000: 36
1999: 46
1998: 72
1997: 56
1996: 4739
1995: 64
1994: 71
1993: 73
1992: 91
1991: 84
1990: 72
1989: 64
1988: 102

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn New Zealand, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.928
2014: 0.95
2013: 1.10
2012: 1.0926
2011: 0.84
2010: 0.99
2009: 1.20
2008: 1.00
2007: 1.10
2006: 1.10
2005: 1.10
2004: 1.00
2003: 1.00
2002: 1.20
2001: 1.30
2000: 0.90
1999: 1.20
1998: 1.90
1997: 1.50
1996: 1.30
1995: 1.70
1994: 2.00
1993: 2.00
1992: 2.60
1991: 2.40
1990: 2.10
1989: 1.90
1988: 3.00

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn New Zealand, annual male firearm suicides total

2015: 3825
2014: 39
2013: 46
2012: 4526
2011: 34
2010: 40

Rate of Male Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn New Zealand, the annual rate of male firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.868
2014: 0.89
2013: 1.05

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn New Zealand, annual female firearm suicides total

2015: 325
2014: 3
2013: 2
2012: 226
2011: 2
2010: 2

Rate of Female Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn New Zealand, the annual rate of female firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.078
2014: 0.07
2013: 0.05

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn New Zealand, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2015: 625
2014: 2
2013: 0
2012: 326
2011: 3
2010: 240 28
2009: 440
2008: 5
2007: 1
2006: 2
2005: 2
2004: 2
2003: 7
2002: 2
2001: 2
2000: 4
1999: 1
1998: 640 41
1997: 0
1996: 6
1995: 4
1994: 4
1993: 3
1992: 10
1991: 8
1990: 8
1989: 6
1988: 18

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn New Zealand, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.148
2014: 0.05
2012: 026
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0.09
2008: 0.1040
2007: 0.028
2006: 0.05
2005: 0.05
2004: 0.05
2003: 0.2040
2002: 0.058
2001: 0.05
2000: 0.11
1999: 0.03
1998: 0.2040
1997: 0.008
1996: 0.2040
1995: 0.118
1994: 0.11
1993: 0.08
1992: 0.3040
1991: 0.20
1990: 0.20
1989: 0.20
1988: 0.50

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn New Zealand, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2015: 625
2014: 2
2013: 0
2012: 326
2011: 3
2010: 1

Rate of Unintentional Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn New Zealand, the annual rate of unintentional male shooting death per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.148
2014: 0.05

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn New Zealand, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2015: 025
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 026
2011: 0
2010: 1

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn New Zealand, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2015: 025
2014: 1
2013: 1
2012: 026
2011: 0
2010: 042
2009: 2
2008: 2
2007: 1
2006: 0
2005: 1
2004: 1
2003: 1
2002: 0
2001: 0
2000: 4
1999: 1
1998: 2
1997: 3
1996: 4
1995: 4
1994: 0
1993: 10
1992: 6
1991: 3
1990: 4
1989: 2
1988: 2

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn New Zealand, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.028
2013: 0.02
2010: 0.008
2009: 0.05
2008: 0.05
2007: 0.02
2006: 0.00
2005: 0.02
2004: 0.02
2003: 0.03
2002: 0.00
2001: 0.00
2000: 0.11
1999: 0.03
1998: 0.05
1997: 0.08
1996: 0.11
1995: 0.11
1994: 0.00
1993: 0.342
1992: 0.2
1991: 0.098
1990: 0.12
1989: 0.06
1988: 0.06

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn New Zealand, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2015: 025
2014: 1
2013: 1
2012: 026
2011: 0
2010: 0

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn New Zealand, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2015: 025
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 026
2011: 0
2010: 0

Non-fatal Gun Injuries

ChartIn New Zealand, the annual number of non-fatal firearm injuries is

2012: 5943
2011: 61
2010: 80
2009: 77
2008: 92
2007: 69
2006: 77
2005: 60
2004: 62
2003: 88
2002: 65
2001: 59
2000: 54
1999: 45
1998: 51
1997: 59
1996: 64
1995: 56
1994: 60
1993: 70
1992: 72
1991: 91
1990: 92
1989: 89
1988: 97

Rate of Non-fatal Gun Injury per 100,000 People

ChartIn New Zealand, the annual rate of non-fatal firearm injury per 100,000 population is

2012: 1.3043
2011: 1.40
2010: 1.80
2009: 1.80
2008: 2.20
2007: 1.60
2006: 1.80
2005: 1.50
2004: 1.50
2003: 2.20
2002: 1.60
2001: 1.50
2000: 1.40
1999: 1.20
1998: 1.30
1997: 1.60
1996: 1.70
1995: 1.50
1994: 1.70
1993: 2.00
1992: 2.00
1991: 2.60
1990: 2.70
1989: 2.60
1988: 2.90

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In New Zealand, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence44 45

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, New Zealand was ranked 'small'46 45

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In New Zealand, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law47 48 49 50 51

Firearm Exports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms exported from New Zealand is reported by manufacturers to be

2017: 1,10052
2016: 1,365
2015: 1,430

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

ChartThe annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from New Zealand is reported by Customs to be US$

2016: 23,744,64353
2015: 8,345,001
2014: 10,219,672
2013: 8,162,073
2012: 11,523,861
2011: 3,556,66454

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, New Zealand was categorized as 'minor'55

Firearm Imports

In New Zealand, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law56 57 58 59 47 49 50 60 61

Firearm Imports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms imported to New Zealand is reported to be

2018: 52,62762
2017: 44,663
2016: 43,312
2015: 60,353
2014: 55,909

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

ChartThe annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to New Zealand is reported by Customs to be US$

2018: 22,805,39962
2017: 36,201,911
2016: 23,999,318
2015: 24,044,327
2014: 22,499,210
2013: 58,302,824
2012: 66,664,94853 63 64
2011: 3,807,60354 65
2010: 19,000,00066

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in New Zealand is low67 68 69 70

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In New Zealand, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are not specifically regulated by law71

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in New Zealand include49 48 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in New Zealand is categorised as restrictive72

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in New Zealand includes the Arms Act 1983,73 the Arms Amendment Act 1992,74 the Arms Regulations 1992,75 and the Customs Export Prohibition Order48

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in New Zealand are regulated by the Commissioner of Police76 77

Right to Possess Firearms

In New Zealand, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law78 79 80 81

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In New Zealand, civilians are not allowed to possess handguns, military-style semi-automatic weapons or fully automatic firearms without a permit to purchase and a relevant firearm licence endorsement82 83 84 85 86 87 88

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In New Zealand, private possession of fully automatic weapons is restricted to police-approved licensed gun owners with a ‘collector' licence endorsement.82 84 85 37 Each automatic or restricted weapon must be registered to its owner, and disabled when not in use89

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In New Zealand, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is restricted to police-approved licensed gun owners with a Military-Style Semi Automatic (MSSA) licence endorsement.90 83 82 85 86 87 Each MSSA must be registered to its owner and securely stored when not in use89

Regulation of Handguns

In New Zealand, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is restricted to police-approved licensed gun owners with a ‘pistol’ licence endorsement.84 83 82 91 86 87 37 Each handgun must be registered to its owner and securely stored89

Law Regulates Long Guns

In New Zealand, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law37

Gun Ownership and Possession

In New Zealand, only licensed gun owners86 92 82 93 94 95 87 84 37 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in New Zealand are not legally required to establish a genuine reason to possess a standard hunting or sports shooting firearm, but specific reasoning is required for special licence endorsements for pistols, restricted firearms, and Military Style Semi-Automatic weapons, including sports shooting, hunting, and collection.94 88 Owning a firearm for self-defence is specifically excluded, and prohibited81

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in New Zealand is 16 years,82 96 92 18 years for military style semi-automatic firearms,90 or any age while shooting an unrestricted firearm (shotgun, rifle, or airgun) under the immediate supervision of an appropriately qualified licence holder97

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in New Zealand must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental health, medical, addiction and domestic violence98 99 100 86 87 101 37 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In New Zealand, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are required98 86 87 102 103

Partner to be Advised or Interviewed

In New Zealand, licensing authorities are required98 86 to conduct interviews with, or to advise an applicant's spouse, partner, or next of kin before issuing a gun licence

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in New Zealand stipulates99 104 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In New Zealand, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required105 106 107 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In New Zealand, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every ten years108 109

Licensing Records

In New Zealand, authorities maintain a record87 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in New Zealand are permitted to possess any number of sporting type shotguns or rifles110

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in New Zealand are permitted to possess any quantity of ammunition111 112 113

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In New Zealand, the law does not require (except for handguns, military-style semi-automatic and restricted firearms)114 86 87 115 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In New Zealand, licensed firearm dealers are required116 117 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In New Zealand, licensed gun makers are required44 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In New Zealand, State agencies are required118 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In New Zealand, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited without a valid firearms licence119 120

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In New Zealand, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful121 122 94

Background Checks for Private Gun Sales

The buyer of a firearm in a private sale in New Zealand is obliged120 to pass official background checks before taking possession

Background Checks for Dealer Gun Sales

The buyer of a firearm from a licensed gun dealer in New Zealand is obliged120 to pass official background checks before taking possession

Limit on Gun Dealer Sales

In New Zealand, the number and type of firearms which can be sold by a licensed gun dealer to a single gun owner is limited to one pistol, military style semi-automatic firearm, or restricted firearm per acquisition permit83 123

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In New Zealand, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is undetermined111 112 113

Regulation of Gun Shows

In New Zealand, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are regulated124 125 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in New Zealand include98 89 86 87 126 127 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in New Zealand include128 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in New Zealand include118 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in New Zealand include129 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In New Zealand, a unique identifying mark on each firearm only in the handgun, military-style semi-automatic and restricted weapon categories is required by law130 131 44 45 132 133 134 135

Firearm Tracing

In New Zealand, state authorities carry out136 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In New Zealand, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are not111 112 113 recorded in a register

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In New Zealand, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is prohibited137 138 139 37

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In New Zealand, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is prohibited138 139 137 37

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In New Zealand, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm140 is three months to three years in prison and/or a fine82 141 92

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn New Zealand, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2018: 28562
2017: 159
2016: 2,584
2015: 89
2014: 324

Small Arms Destroyed

In New Zealand, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2015: 3,500142

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In New Zealand, it is state policy143 144 107 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

Pacific Islands Forum

As a member of the Pacific Islands Forum, New Zealand adopted the March, 2000 Nadi Framework agreement, which aims to harmonise small arm-related legislation across Oceania. In August 2003, the Nadi Framework’s draft model Weapons Control Bill was unanimously accepted for consideration by all 16 member states of the Pacific Islands Forum145 146

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 2006147 by New Zealand.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified148 by New Zealand

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has not been signed149 by New Zealand

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, New Zealand committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects150

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored New Zealand against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 83151 152 153 154 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, New Zealand has submitted one or more national reports155 135 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In New Zealand, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated156 135

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In New Zealand, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated156

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of New Zealand submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent156 135

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been donated157 158 159 135 by New Zealand to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, New Zealand has declared160 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, New Zealand has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1945161

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies lists162 New Zealand as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in New Zealand, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where New Zealand ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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