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Netherlands — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in the Netherlands is

2017: 442,0001
2007: 510,0002

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in the Netherlands is

2017: 2.601
2007: 3.92

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, the Netherlands ranked at No. 783

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, the Netherlands ranked at No. 1122

Proportion of Adults Living in a Home With a Gun

In the Netherlands, the percentage of adults living in a household with a firearm is reported to be

2015: 1%4

Proportion of Households with Firearms

ChartIn the Netherlands, the percentage of households with one or more guns is reported to be

2005: 4.8%5
1999/2003: 1.7%
1995/98: 2.3%
1992: 1.9%6
1992/94: 2.0%5
1989: 2.0%

Proportion of Households with Rifles

In the Netherlands, the percentage of households with one or more rifles is reported to be

1992: 0.7%6

Proportion of Households with Shotguns

In the Netherlands, the percentage of households with one or more shotguns is reported to be

1992: 0.0%6

Proportion of Households with Handguns

ChartIn the Netherlands, the percentage of households with one or more handguns is reported to be

2005: 1.3%5
1999/2003: 0.8%
1995/98: 0.9%
1992/94: 1.4%5 6
1989: 0.9%

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in the Netherlands is reported to be

2017: 205,3471
2007: 330,0002

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

The rate of registered guns per 100 people in the Netherlands is 2.027

Estimated Number of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms

ChartUnregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,8 but in the Netherlands there are estimated to be

2017: 236,6531
2005: 85,000 - 125,0009

Estimated Rate of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

Unregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,8 but in the Netherlands the rate of such firearms per 100 people is estimated to be 0.777

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of the Netherlands are reported to have 108,67610 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in the Netherlands are reported to have 96,00011 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn the Netherlands, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2016: 7212
2015: 7812
2014: 74
2013: 72
2012: 97
2011: 100
2010: 77
2009: 95
2008: 79
2007: 84
2006: 94
2005: 113
2004: 114
2003: 123
2002: 122
2001: 136
2000: 130
1999: 145
1998: 131
1997: 133
1996: 143

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Netherlands, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.4212
2015: 0.46
2014: 0.44
2013: 0.43
2012: 0.58
2011: 0.60
2010: 0.46
2009: 0.58
2008: 0.48
2007: 0.51
2006: 0.58
2005: 0.69
2004: 0.70
2003: 0.76
2002: 0.76
2001: 0.85
2000: 0.82
1999: 0.92
1998: 0.83
1997: 0.85
1996: 0.92

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn the Netherlands, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2016: 6612
2015: 7112
2014: 70
2013: 63
2012: 89
2011: 85
2010: 70
2009: 87
2008: 69
2007: 74

Rate of Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Netherlands, the annual rate of male gun death per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.7812
2015: 0.85
2014: 0.84
2013: 0.76
2012: 1.08
2011: 1.03
2010: 0.85
2009: 1.07
2008: 0.85
2007: 0.92

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn the Netherlands, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2016: 612
2015: 712
2014: 4
2013: 9
2012: 8
2011: 15
2010: 7
2009: 8
2008: 10
2007: 10

Rate of Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Netherlands, the annual rate of female gun death per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.0712
2015: 0.08
2014: 0.05
2013: 0.11
2012: 0.09
2011: 0.18
2010: 0.08
2009: 0.10
2008: 0.12
2007: 0.12

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn the Netherlands, annual homicides by any means total

2016: 9512
2015: 104
2014: 123
2013: 125
2012: 145
2011: 143
2010: 144
2009: 154
2008: 150
2007: 143
2006: 159
2005: 197
2004: 223
2003: 247
2002: 224
2001: 264
2000: 223
1999: 23013 14 15 16
1998: 208
1997: 23713 14 15 16 17
1996: 240
1995: 29913 16 17

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn the Netherlands, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.5612
2015: 0.61
2014: 0.73
2013: 0.74
2012: 0.87
2011: 0.86
2010: 0.87
2009: 0.93
2008: 0.91
2007: 0.87
2006: 0.97
2005: 1.21
2004: 1.37
2003: 1.52
2002: 1.39
2001: 1.65
2000: 1.40
1999: 1.457 16
1998: 1.32
1997: 1.527 16 17
1996: 1.54
1995: 1.916 17

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn the Netherlands, annual male homicides by any means total

2016: 6312
2015: 62
2014: 93
2013: 69
2012: 95
2011: 93
2010: 90
2009: 104
2008: 103
2007: 96

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn the Netherlands, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.7512
2015: 0.74
2014: 1.11
2013: 0.83
2012: 1.15
2011: 1.13
2010: 1.10
2009: 1.28
2008: 1.27
2007: 1.19

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn the Netherlands, annual female homicides by any means total

2016: 3212
2015: 42
2014: 30
2013: 56
2012: 50
2011: 50
2010: 54
2009: 50
2008: 47
2007: 47

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn the Netherlands, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.3712
2015: 0.49
2014: 0.35
2013: 0.66
2012: 0.59
2011: 0.59
2010: 0.64
2009: 0.60
2008: 0.57
2007: 0.57

Gun Homicides

ChartIn the Netherlands, annual firearm homicides total

2016: 2712
2015: 3112
2014: 40
2013: 28
2012: 49
2011: 4918
2010: 33
2009: 41
2008: 37
2007: 39
2006: 43
2005: 63
2004: 6713 19 20 21 16
2003: 7513 19 20 21
2002: 80
2001: 91
2000: 81
1999: 89
1998: 74
1997: 78
1996: 86

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Netherlands, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.1612
2015: 0.18
2014: 0.24
2013: 0.17
2012: 0.29
2011: 0.29
2010: 0.20
2009: 0.25
2008: 0.23
2007: 0.24
2006: 0.26
2005: 0.39
2004: 0.417 21 16
2003: 0.467 21
2002: 0.50
2001: 0.57
2000: 0.51
1999: 0.56
1998: 0.47
1997: 0.50
1996: 0.55
1994: 0.3622

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn the Netherlands, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2011: 34%23 24
2010: 23%
2009: 27%
2008: 25%
2007: 28%
2006: 24%
2005: 31%
2004: 29.9%16

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn the Netherlands, annual male firearm homicides total

2016: 2412
2015: 26
2014: 39
2013: 23
2012: 42
2011: 36
2010: 27
2009: 35
2008: 30
2007: 32

Rate of Male Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Netherlands, the annual rate of male firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.2912
2015: 0.31
2014: 0.47
2013: 0.28
2012: 0.51
2011: 0.44
2010: 0.33
2009: 0.43
2008: 0.37
2007: 0.40

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn the Netherlands, annual female firearm homicides total

2016: 312
2015: 5
2014: 1
2013: 5
2012: 7
2011: 13
2010: 6
2009: 6
2008: 7
2007: 7

Rate of Female Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Netherlands, the annual rate of female firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.0312
2015: 0.06
2014: 0.01
2013: 0.06
2012: 0.08
2011: 0.15
2010: 0.07
2009: 0.07
2008: 0.08
2007: 0.08

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn the Netherlands, annual handgun homicides total

2015: 020
2014: 2
2013: 220 21
2012: 2
2011: 020
2010: 120 21
2009: 2
2008: 1
2007: 2
2006: 1
2005: 5
2004: 4
2003: 5
2002: 3
2001: 1
2000: 1
1999: 2
1998: 3
1997: 4
1996: 3

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Netherlands, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.007
2014: 0.01
2013: 0.017 21
2012: 0.01
2011: 0.007
2010: 0.017 21
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.03
2004: 0.02
2003: 0.03
2002: 0.02
2001: 0.01
2000: 0.01
1999: 0.01
1998: 0.02
1997: 0.03
1996: 0.02

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn the Netherlands, annual long gun homicides total

2015: 020
2014: 1
2013: 0
2012: 120 21
2011: 1
2010: 1
2009: 1
2008: 1
2007: 020
2006: 0
2005: 0
2004: 0
2003: 220 21
2002: 1
2001: 020
2000: 120 21
1999: 020
1998: 120 21
1997: 1
1996: 020

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Netherlands, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.007
2014: 0.01
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.017 21
2011: 0.01
2010: 0.01
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.007
2006: 0.00
2005: 0.00
2004: 0.00
2003: 0.017 21
2002: 0.01
2001: 0.00
2000: 0.01
1999: 0.007
1998: 0.017 21
1997: 0.01
1996: 0.007

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn the Netherlands, annual gun homicides (other) total

2015: 3120
2014: 37
2013: 2620 21
2012: 46
2011: 48
2010: 31
2009: 38
2008: 35
2007: 37
2006: 30
2005: 49
2004: 49
2003: 49
2002: 59
2001: 68
2000: 64
1999: 73
1998: 54
1997: 58
1996: 68

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Netherlands, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.187
2014: 0.22
2013: 0.157 21
2012: 0.27
2011: 0.29
2010: 0.19
2009: 0.23
2008: 0.21
2007: 0.23
2006: 0.18
2005: 0.30
2004: 0.30
2003: 0.30
2002: 0.37
2001: 0.42
2000: 0.40
1999: 0.46
1998: 0.34
1997: 0.37
1996: 0.44

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn the Netherlands, annual suicides by any means total

2016: 1,89312
2015: 1,87125
2014: 1,839
2013: 1,854
2012: 1,753
2011: 1,647
2010: 1,600
2009: 1,525
2008: 1,435
2007: 1,353
2006: 1,524
2005: 1,572
2004: 1,514
2003: 1,500
2002: 1,567
2001: 1,473
2000: 1,500
1999: 1,51725 26
1998: 1,51925
1997: 1,570
1996: 1,577

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn the Netherlands, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 11.1212
2015: 11.04
2014: 10.90
2013: 11.03
2012: 10.48
2011: 9.89
2010: 9.65
2009: 9.25
2008: 8.74
2007: 8.27
2006: 9.34
2005: 9.64
2004: 9.31
2003: 9.25
2002: 9.71
2001: 9.18
2000: 9.42
1999: 9.597 26
1998: 9.667
1997: 10.05
1996: 10.14
1994: 10.3027

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn the Netherlands, annual male suicides by any means total

2016: 1,27912
2015: 1,28012
2014: 1,250
2013: 1,305
2012: 1,186
2011: 1,136
2010: 1,124
2009: 1,064
2008: 988
2007: 943

Rate of Male Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn the Netherlands, the annual rate of male suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 15.1912
2015: 15.26
2014: 14.97
2013: 15.70
2012: 14.33
2011: 13.79
2010: 13.71
2009: 13.05
2008: 12.18
2007: 11.67

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn the Netherlands, annual female suicides by any means total

2016: 61412
2015: 59112
2014: 589
2013: 549
2012: 567
2011: 511
2010: 476
2009: 461
2008: 447
2007: 410

Rate of Female Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn the Netherlands, the annual rate of female suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 7.1412
2015: 6.90
2014: 6.91
2013: 6.47
2012: 6.71
2011: 6.07
2010: 5.68
2009: 5.53
2008: 5.39
2007: 4.96

Gun Suicides

ChartIn the Netherlands, annual firearm suicides total

2016: 4112
2015: 4720
2014: 33
2013: 4320 28
2012: 4220 28 29
2011: 4720 28
2010: 40
2009: 52
2008: 40
2007: 42
2006: 50
2005: 49
2004: 45
2003: 46
2002: 39
2001: 43
2000: 47
1999: 51
1998: 53
1997: 50
1996: 55

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Netherlands, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.2412
2015: 0.28
2014: 0.20
2013: 0.26
2012: 0.25
2011: 0.28
2010: 0.24
2009: 0.32
2008: 0.24
2007: 0.26
2006: 0.31
2005: 0.30
2004: 0.28
2003: 0.28
2002: 0.24
2001: 0.27
2000: 0.30
1999: 0.32
1998: 0.34
1997: 0.32
1996: 0.35
1994: 0.3130

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn the Netherlands, annual male firearm suicides total

2016: 3812
2015: 4512
2014: 30
2013: 39
2012: 41
2011: 45
2010: 39
2009: 50
2008: 38
2007: 40

Rate of Male Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Netherlands, the annual rate of male firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.4512
2015: 0.54
2014: 0.36
2013: 0.47
2012: 0.50
2011: 0.55
2010: 0.48
2009: 0.61
2008: 0.47
2007: 0.50

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn the Netherlands, annual female firearm suicides total

2016: 312
2015: 212
2014: 3
2013: 4
2012: 1
2011: 2
2010: 1
2009: 2
2008: 2
2007: 2

Rate of Female Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Netherlands, the annual rate of female firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.0312
2015: 0.02
2014: 0.04
2013: 0.05
2012: 0.01
2011: 0.02
2010: 0.01
2009: 0.02
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.02

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn the Netherlands, annual handgun suicides total

2015: 520
2014: 3
2013: 420 28
2012: 5
2011: 8
2010: 1
2009: 7
2008: 6
2007: 3
2006: 9
2005: 19
2004: 11
2003: 8
2002: 11
2001: 6
2000: 12
1999: 6
1998: 9
1997: 15
1996: 8

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Netherlands, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.037
2014: 0.02
2013: 0.027 28
2012: 0.03
2011: 0.05
2010: 0.01
2009: 0.04
2008: 0.04
2007: 0.02
2006: 0.06
2005: 0.12
2004: 0.07
2003: 0.05
2002: 0.07
2001: 0.04
2000: 0.08
1999: 0.04
1998: 0.06
1997: 0.10
1996: 0.05

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn the Netherlands, the number of long gun suicides is

2015: 420
2014: 1
2013: 420 28
2012: 6
2011: 3
2010: 3
2009: 6
2008: 3
2007: 3
2006: 5
2005: 6
2004: 6
2003: 9
2002: 3
2001: 020
2000: 120 28
1999: 5
1998: 3
1997: 2
1996: 7

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Netherlands, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.027
2014: 0.01
2013: 0.027 28
2012: 0.04
2011: 0.02
2010: 0.02
2009: 0.04
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.02
2006: 0.03
2005: 0.04
2004: .004
2003: 0.06
2002: 0.02
2001: 0.007
2000: 0.017 28
1999: 0.03
1998: 0.02
1997: 0.01
1996: 0.05

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn the Netherlands, annual gun suicides (other) total

2015: 3820
2014: 29
2013: 3520 28
2012: 31
2011: 36
2010: 36
2009: 39
2008: 31
2007: 36
2006: 36
2005: 24
2004: 28
2003: 29
2002: 25
2001: 37
2000: 34
1999: 40
1998: 41
1997: 33
1996: 40

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Netherlands, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.227
2014: 0.17
2013: 0.217 28
2012: 0.19
2011: 0.22
2010: 0.22
2009: 0.24
2008: 0.19
2007: 0.22
2006: 0.22
2005: 0.15
2004: 0.17
2003: 0.18
2002: 0.15
2001: 0.23
2000: 0.21
1999: 0.25
1998: 0.26
1997: 0.21
1996: 0.26

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn the Netherlands, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2016: 112
2015: 020
2014: 1
2013: 0
2012: 120 31 29
2011: 020
2010: 120 31
2009: 020
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 0
2004: 220 31
2003: 1
2002: 3
2001: 1
2000: 2
1999: 5
1998: 3
1997: 3
1996: 1

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Netherlands, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.0112
2015: 0.007
2014: 0.01
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.01
2011: 0.007
2010: 0.01
2009: 0.007
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2005: 0.00
2004: 0.017 31
2003: 0.01
2002: 0.02
2001: 0.01
2000: 0.01
1999: 0.03
1998: 0.02
1997: 0.02
1996: 0.01
1994: 0.0132

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn the Netherlands, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2016: 112
2015: 012
2014: 1
2013: 0
2012: 1
2011: 0
2010: 1

Rate of Unintentional Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Netherlands, the annual rate of unintentional male shooting death per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.0112
2014: 0.01
2012: 0.01
2010: 0.01

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn the Netherlands, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2015: 012
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Unintentional Handgun Deaths

ChartIn the Netherlands, annual unintentional shooting deaths by handgun total

2015: 020
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 0
2004: 0
2003: 0
2002: 220 31
2001: 1
2000: 020
1999: 120 31
1998: 020
1997: 120 31
1996: 1

Rate of Unintentional Handgun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Netherlands, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by handgun per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.007
2014: 0.00
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.00
2009: 0.00
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2005: 0.00
2004: 0.00
2003: 0.00
2002: 0.017 31
2001: 0.01
2000: 0.007
1999: 0.017 31
1998: 0.007
1997: 0.017 31
1996: 0.01

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn the Netherlands, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2015: 020
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 120 31
2011: 020
2010: 120 31
2009: 020
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 0
2004: 0
2003: 0
2002: 120 31
2001: 020
2000: 0
1999: 0
1998: 0
1997: 0
1996: 0

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Netherlands, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.007
2014: 0.00
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.017 31
2011: 0.007
2010: 0.017 31
2009: 0.007
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2005: 0.00
2004: 0.00
2003: 0.00
2002: 0.017 31
2001: 0.007
2000: 0.00
1999: 0.00
1998: 0.00
1997: 0.00
1996: 0.00

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn the Netherlands, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2015: 020
2014: 1
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 0
2004: 220 31
2003: 1
2002: 020
2001: 0
2000: 220 31
1999: 4
1998: 3
1997: 2
1996: 020

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Netherlands, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.007
2014: 0.01
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.00
2009: 0.00
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2005: 0.00
2004: 0.017 31
2003: 0.01
2002: 0.007
2001: 0.00
2000: 0.017 31
1999: 0.03
1998: 0.02
1997: 0.01
1996: 0.007

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn the Netherlands, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2015: 020
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 220 33
2009: 020
2008: 120 33
2007: 1
2006: 1
2005: 1
2004: 020
2003: 120 33
2002: 020
2001: 120 33
2000: 020
1999: 020 26
1998: 120 33
1997: 2
1996: 1

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Netherlands, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.007
2014: 0.00
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.0112
2009: 0.007
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.007
2003: 0.017 33
2002: 0.007
2001: 0.017 33
2000: 0.007
1999: 0.00
1998: 0.01
1997: 0.017 33
1996: 0.01
1994: 0.0334

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn the Netherlands, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2015: 012
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 2

Rate of Male Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

In the Netherlands, the annual rate of unknown-cause male shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.0212

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn the Netherlands, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2015: 012
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2008: 112
2007: 1

Rate of Female Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Netherlands, the annual rate of unknown-cause female shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2008: 0.0112
2007: 0.01

Handgun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn the Netherlands, annual deaths by handgun in which the cause remains undecided total

2015: 020
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 120 33
2009: 020
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 120 33
2005: 020
2004: 0
2003: 0
2002: 0
2001: 0
2000: 0
1999: 0
1998: 0
1997: 120 33
1996: 020

Rate of Handgun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Netherlands, the annual rate of unknown-cause handgun deaths per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.007
2014: 0.00
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.017 33
2009: 0.007
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.017 33
2005: 0.007
2004: 0.00
2003: 0.00
2002: 0.00
2001: 0.00
2000: 0.00
1999: 0.00
1998: 0.00
1997: 0.017 33
1996: 0.007

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn the Netherlands, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2015: 020
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 0
2004: 0
2003: 0
2002: 0
2001: 0
2000: 0
1999: 0
1998: 0
1997: 0
1996: 0

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Netherlands, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.007
2014: 0.00
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.00
2009: 0.00
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2005: 0.00
2004: 0.00
2003: 0.00
2002: 0.00
2001: 0.00
2000: 0.00
1999: 0.00
1998: 0.00
1997: 0.00
1996: 0.00

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn the Netherlands, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2015: 020
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 120 33
2009: 020
2008: 120 33
2007: 1
2006: 020
2005: 120 33
2004: 020
2003: 120 33
2002: 020
2001: 120 33
2000: 020
1999: 0
1998: 120 33
1997: 1
1996: 1

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Netherlands, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.007
2014: 0.00
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.017 33
2009: 0.007
2008: 0.017 33
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.007
2005: 0.017 33
2004: 0.007
2003: 0.017 33
2002: 0.007
2001: 0.017 33
2000: 0.007
1999: 0.00
1998: 0.017 33
1997: 0.01
1996: 0.01

Legal Intervention Gun Homicides

ChartIn the Netherlands, annual legal-intervention gun homicides total

2016: 312
2013: 1
2012: 5
2011: 4
2010: 1
2009: 2
2008: 1
2007: 2

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In the Netherlands, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is prohibited35 36 37

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, the Netherlands was ranked 'small'38

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In the Netherlands, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49

Firearm Exports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms exported from the Netherlands is reported by manufacturers to be

2018: 2,09650
2017: 1,823
2016: 2,107
2015: 1,182
2014: 1,05351
2011: 692
2010: 472
2009: 1,176
2008: 1,865
2007: 787

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

ChartThe annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from the Netherlands is reported by Customs to be US$

2016: 5,306,99552
2015: 6,407,547
2014: 17,731,887
2013: 6,558,332
2012: 9,719,782
2011: 2,094,12253

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, the Netherlands was categorized as 'minor'54

Firearm Imports

In the Netherlands, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law39 55 41 42 44 45 46 47 48

Firearm Imports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms imported to the Netherlands is reported to be

2018: 23,88150
2017: 40,143
2016: 10,188
2015: 11,954
2014: 25,16751
2012: 1,300
2010: 6,469
2009: 6,633
2008: 1,561
2007: 2,450
2006: 2,953

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

ChartThe annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to the Netherlands is reported by Customs to be US$

2016: 143,184,36352
2015: 113,745,888
2014: 117,378,527
2013: 105,467,718
2012: 89,708,16552 56 57
2011: 55,279,28553 58
2010: 88,000,00059

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in the Netherlands is moderate60

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In the Netherlands, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law61 62 63

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in the Netherlands include39 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

ChartIn its annual Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer, the Small Arms Survey compares public reporting among major arms exporting nations on a scale from strong to weak (25 to zero). In recent years, the Netherlands scored

2018: 20.0064
2016: 19.2565
2014: 19.2566
2013: 19.2567
2012: 18.5068
2011: 17.0069
2010: 17.0070
2009: 16.5071
2008: 17.0072
2007: 16.5073
2006: 16.2574
2005: 17.7575
2004: 13.0076

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in the Netherlands is categorised as restrictive77

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in the Netherlands includes the Wet Wapens en Munitie 1997 [Arms and Ammunition Act],78 79 Algemene Douanewet 2008 [General Customs Law], Besluit Strategische Goederen 2008 [Decree on Strategic Goods],39 the Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons,80 81 the European Union Firearms Regulation of 2012 and the Common Position on the Control of Arms Brokering of 200382

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in the Netherlands are regulated by the Ministry of Justice and the local Commissioner of Police,83 and the European Commission81

Right to Possess Firearms

In the Netherlands, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law84 85 86

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In the Netherlands, civilians are not allowed to possess automatic and 'Category II' firearms, incendiary and armour-piercing ammunition87 88 89 90 91

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In the Netherlands, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited88 87 92 90 91 24

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In the Netherlands, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is prohibited88 87 92 93 94 91

Regulation of Handguns

In the Netherlands, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence88 90 93 94 91 24

Law Regulates Long Guns

In the Netherlands, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law24

Gun Ownership and Possession

In the Netherlands, only licensed gun owners87 95 96 90 93 24 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in the Netherlands are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting, sports shooting, collection95 97 87 98

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in the Netherlands is 18 years95 87 98

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in the Netherlands must pass a background check which considers criminal95 98 24 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In the Netherlands, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required86

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in the Netherlands does not stipulate86 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In the Netherlands, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is not required86 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In the Netherlands, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every one year95

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in the Netherlands are permitted to possess any number of firearms86

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in the Netherlands are permitted to possess any quantity of ammunition86 99

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In the Netherlands, the law requires100 101 102 103 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In the Netherlands, licensed firearm dealers are required103 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In the Netherlands, State agencies are required101 104 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In the Netherlands, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited36

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In the Netherlands, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful36 105 106 94

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In the Netherlands, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is undetermined86

Regulation of Gun Shows

In the Netherlands, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are not regulated86 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in the Netherlands do not include86 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in the Netherlands do not include86 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in the Netherlands include104 107 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in the Netherlands include108 109 107 42 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In the Netherlands, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law110 111 37 112

Firearm Tracing

In the Netherlands, state authorities carry out113 112 103 114 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In the Netherlands, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are not86 recorded in a register

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In the Netherlands, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is prohibited115 24

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In the Netherlands, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is prohibited115 24

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In the Netherlands, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm116 is no more than nine months in prison or a fine117 118

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

In the Netherlands, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2013/16: 24,000119

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn the Netherlands, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

1994/96: 143,632120
1991/2007: 143,632121

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In the Netherlands, it is not state policy104 122 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

European Union

As a member of the European Union, the Netherlands is bound by the provisions of the ‘EU Firearms Directive’ – the 2007 Legislative Resolution on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons of the European Parliament123 124

European Union Export Reporting

Under the European Union Common Position on Arms Exports, the Netherlands is bound to declare its transfers of military technology and equipment. Independent monitoring provides detailed comparisons of arms export reporting compliance across EU member states, and records that the Netherlands have submitted one or more national reports125 on its arms transfers

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 2006126 by the Netherlands.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified127 by the Netherlands

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified128 by the Netherlands

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, the Netherlands committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects129

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored the Netherlands against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 54130 131 132 133 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, the Netherlands have submitted one or more national reports134 135 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In the Netherlands, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated136 135

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In the Netherlands, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated136

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of the Netherlands submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent136 137 135

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been donated135 by the Netherlands to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, the Netherlands have declared138 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, the Netherlands have been a Member State of the United Nations since 1945139

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies lists140 the Netherlands as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in the Netherlands, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where the Netherlands ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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