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Netherlands — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in the Netherlands is

2017: 442,0001
2007: 510,0002

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in the Netherlands is

2017: 2.601
2007: 3.92

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, the Netherlands ranked at No. 783

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, the Netherlands ranked at No. 1122

Proportion of Adults Living in a Home With a Gun

In the Netherlands, the percentage of adults living in a household with a firearm is reported to be

2015: 1%4

Proportion of Households with Firearms

ChartIn the Netherlands, the percentage of households with one or more guns is reported to be

2005: 4.8%5
1999/2003: 1.7%
1995/98: 2.3%
1992: 1.9%6
1992/94: 2.0%5
1989: 2.0%

Proportion of Households with Rifles

In the Netherlands, the percentage of households with one or more rifles is reported to be

1992: 0.7%6

Proportion of Households with Shotguns

In the Netherlands, the percentage of households with one or more shotguns is reported to be

1992: 0.0%6

Proportion of Households with Handguns

ChartIn the Netherlands, the percentage of households with one or more handguns is reported to be

2005: 1.3%5
1999/2003: 0.8%
1995/98: 0.9%
1992/94: 1.4%5 6
1989: 0.9%

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in the Netherlands is reported to be

2019: 374,6757
2017: 205,3471
2007: 330,0002

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

The rate of registered guns per 100 people in the Netherlands is

2007: 2.028

Estimated Number of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms

ChartUnregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,9 but in the Netherlands there are estimated to be

2017: 236,6531
2005: 85,000 - 125,00010
:

Estimated Rate of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

Unregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,9 but in the Netherlands the rate of such firearms per 100 people is estimated to be

2005: 0.778

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of the Netherlands are reported to have 108,67611 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in the Netherlands are reported to have 96,00012 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn the Netherlands, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2018: 7613
2017: 86
2016: 72
2015: 78
2014: 74
2013: 72
2012: 95
2011: 100
2010: 76
2009: 95
2008: 78
2007: 84
2006: 82
2005: 104
2004: 101
2003: 104
2002: 122
2001: 114
2000: 116
1999: 145
1998: 131
1997: 133
1996: 143

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Netherlands, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2018: 0.4413
2017: 0.51
2016: 0.42
2015: 0.46
2014: 0.44
2013: 0.43
2012: 0.57
2011: 0.60
2010: 0.46
2009: 0.58
2008: 0.48
2007: 0.51
2006: 0.50
2005: 0.64
2004: 0.62
2003: 0.64
2002: 0.76
2001: 0.71
2000: 0.73
1999: 0.92
1998: 0.83
1997: 0.85
1996: 0.92

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn the Netherlands, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2018: 6713
2017: 80
2016: 66
2015: 71
2014: 70
2013: 63
2012: 87
2011: 85
2010: 69
2009: 87
2008: 68
2007: 74
2006: 73
2005: 93
2004: 89
2003: 90
2001: 100
2000: 106

Rate of Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Netherlands, the annual rate of male gun death per 100,000 population is

2018: 0.7913
2017: 0.95
2016: 0.79
2015: 0.85
2014: 0.84
2013: 0.76
2012: 1.06
2011: 1.04
2010: 0.85
2009: 1.07
2008: 0.84
2007: 0.92
2006: 0.91
2005: 1.16
2004: 1.11
2003: 1.13
2001: 1.26
2000: 1.35

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn the Netherlands, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2018: 913
2017: 6
2016: 6
2015: 7
2014: 4
2013: 9
2012: 8
2011: 15
2010: 7
2009: 8
2008: 10
2007: 10
2006: 9
2005: 11
2004: 12
2003: 14
2001: 14
2000: 10

Rate of Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Netherlands, the annual rate of female gun death per 100,000 population is

2018: 0.1013
2017: 0.07
2016: 0.07
2015: 0.08
2014: 0.05
2013: 0.11
2012: 0.10
2011: 0.18
2010: 0.08
2009: 0.10
2008: 0.12
2007: 0.12
2006: 0.11
2005: 0.13
2004: 0.15
2003: 0.17
2001: 0.17
2000: 0.12

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn the Netherlands, annual homicides by any means total

2018: 10014
2017: 132
2016: 94
2015: 104
2014: 123
2013: 125
2012: 145
2011: 143
2010: 144
2009: 154
2008: 150
2007: 143
2006: 159
2005: 197
2004: 223
2003: 247
2002: 224
2001: 264
2000: 223
1999: 23015 16 17 18
1998: 208
1997: 23715 16 17 18 19
1996: 240
1995: 29915 18 19

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn the Netherlands, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2018: 0.5914
2017: 0.78
2016: 0.55
2015: 0.61
2014: 0.73
2013: 0.74
2012: 0.86
2011: 0.85
2010: 0.86
2009: 0.93
2008: 0.91
2007: 0.87
2006: 0.97
2005: 1.21
2004: 1.37
2003: 1.52
2002: 1.39
2001: 1.65
2000: 1.40
1999: 1.458 18
1998: 1.32
1997: 1.528 18 19
1996: 1.54
1995: 1.918 19

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn the Netherlands, annual male homicides by any means total

2018: 6420
2017: 89
2016: 64
2015: 62
2014: 93
2013: 69
2012: 95
2011: 93
2010: 90
2009: 104
2008: 103
2007: 96

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn the Netherlands, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.7513
2015: 0.74
2014: 1.11
2013: 0.83
2012: 1.15
2011: 1.13
2010: 1.10
2009: 1.28
2008: 1.27
2007: 1.19

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn the Netherlands, annual female homicides by any means total

2016: 3213
2015: 42
2014: 30
2013: 56
2012: 50
2011: 50
2010: 54
2009: 50
2008: 47
2007: 47

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn the Netherlands, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.3713
2015: 0.49
2014: 0.35
2013: 0.66
2012: 0.59
2011: 0.59
2010: 0.64
2009: 0.60
2008: 0.57
2007: 0.57

Gun Homicides

ChartIn the Netherlands, annual firearm homicides total

2018: 3213
2017: 35
2016: 2713
2015: 3113
2014: 37
2013: 26
2012: 46
2011: 48
2010: 31
2009: 38
2008: 35
2007: 37
2006: 30
2005: 49
2004: 49
2003: 49
2002: 80
2001: 68
2000: 64
1999: 89
1998: 74
1997: 78
1996: 86

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Netherlands, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2019: 13
2018: 0.19
2017: 0.20
2016: 0.16
2015: 0.18
2014: 0.22
2013: 0.15
2012: 0.27
2011: 0.29
2010: 0.19
2009: 0.23
2008: 0.21
2007: 0.23
2006: 0.18
2005: 0.30
2004: 0.30
2003: 0.30
2002: 0.50
2001: 0.42
2000: 0.40
1999: 0.56
1998: 0.47
1997: 0.50
1996: 0.55
1994: 0.3621

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn the Netherlands, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2011: 34%22 23
2010: 23%
2009: 27%
2008: 25%
2007: 28%
2006: 24%
2005: 31%
2004: 29.9%18

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn the Netherlands, annual male firearm homicides total

2018: 2613
2017: 32
2016: 2413
2015: 26
2014: 36
2013: 21
2012: 39
2011: 35
2010: 25
2009: 33
2008: 29
2007: 31
2006: 25
2005: 44
2004: 40
2003: 38
2001: 58
2000: 58

Rate of Male Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Netherlands, the annual rate of male firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2018: 0.3113
2017: 0.38
2016: 0.29
2015: 0.31
2014: 0.43
2013: 0.25
2012: 0.47
2011: 0.42
2010: 0.31
2009: 0.40
2008: 0.36
2007: 0.38
2006: 0.31
2005: 0.55
2004: 0.50
2003: 0.47
2001: 0.73
2000: 0.74

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn the Netherlands, annual female firearm homicides total

2018: 613
2017: 3
2016: 313
2015: 5
2014: 1
2013: 5
2012: 7
2011: 13
2010: 6
2009: 5
2008: 6
2007: 6
2006: 5
2005: 5
2004: 9
2003: 11
2001: 10
2000: 6

Rate of Female Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Netherlands, the annual rate of female firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2019: 13
2018: 0.07
2017: 0.03
2016: 0.03
2015: 0.06
2014: 0.01
2013: 0.06
2012: 0.08
2011: 0.15
2010: 0.07
2009: 0.06
2008: 0.07
2007: 0.07
2006: 0.06
2005: 0.06
2004: 0.11
2003: 0.13
2001: 0.12
2000: 0.07

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn the Netherlands, annual handgun homicides total

2015: 024
2014: 2
2013: 224 25
2012: 2
2011: 024
2010: 124 25
2009: 2
2008: 1
2007: 2
2006: 1
2005: 5
2004: 4
2003: 5
2002: 3
2001: 1
2000: 1
1999: 2
1998: 3
1997: 4
1996: 3

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Netherlands, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.008
2014: 0.01
2013: 0.018 25
2012: 0.01
2011: 0.008
2010: 0.018 25
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.03
2004: 0.02
2003: 0.03
2002: 0.02
2001: 0.01
2000: 0.01
1999: 0.01
1998: 0.02
1997: 0.03
1996: 0.02

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn the Netherlands, annual long gun homicides total

2015: 024
2014: 1
2013: 0
2012: 124 25
2011: 1
2010: 1
2009: 1
2008: 1
2007: 024
2006: 0
2005: 0
2004: 0
2003: 224 25
2002: 1
2001: 024
2000: 124 25
1999: 024
1998: 124 25
1997: 1
1996: 024

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Netherlands, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.008
2014: 0.01
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.018 25
2011: 0.01
2010: 0.01
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.008
2006: 0.00
2005: 0.00
2004: 0.00
2003: 0.018 25
2002: 0.01
2001: 0.00
2000: 0.01
1999: 0.008
1998: 0.018 25
1997: 0.01
1996: 0.008

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn the Netherlands, annual gun homicides (other) total

2015: 3124
2014: 37
2013: 2624 25
2012: 46
2011: 48
2010: 31
2009: 38
2008: 35
2007: 37
2006: 30
2005: 49
2004: 49
2003: 49
2002: 59
2001: 68
2000: 64
1999: 73
1998: 54
1997: 58
1996: 68

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Netherlands, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.188
2014: 0.22
2013: 0.158 25
2012: 0.27
2011: 0.29
2010: 0.19
2009: 0.23
2008: 0.21
2007: 0.23
2006: 0.18
2005: 0.30
2004: 0.30
2003: 0.30
2002: 0.37
2001: 0.42
2000: 0.40
1999: 0.46
1998: 0.34
1997: 0.37
1996: 0.44

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn the Netherlands, annual suicides by any means total

2018: 1,87013
2017: 1,965
2016: 1,934
2015: 1,918
2014: 1,872
2013: 1,897
2012: 1,795
2011: 1,694
2010: 1,640
2009: 1,577
2008: 1,475
2007: 1,395
2006: 1,574
2005: 1,621
2004: 1,559
2003: 1,546
2002: 1,567
2001: 1,516
2000: 1,547
1999: 1,51726 27
1998: 1,51926
1997: 1,570
1996: 1,577

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn the Netherlands, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2019: 013
2018: 10.90
2017: 11.50
2016: 11.37
2015: 11.32
2014: 11.09
2013: 11.29
2012: 10.73
2011: 10.17
2010: 9.90
2009: 9.56
2008: 8.99
2007: 8.53
2006: 9.64
2005: 9.95
2004: 9.58
2003: 9.53
2002: 9.71
2001: 9.45
2000: 9.71
1999: 9.598 27
1998: 9.668
1997: 10.05
1996: 10.14
1994: 10.3028

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn the Netherlands, annual male suicides by any means total

2018: 1,21413
2017: 1,350
2016: 1,317
2015: 1,325
2014: 1,280
2013: 1,344
2012: 1,227
2011: 1,181
2010: 1,163
2009: 1,114
2008: 1,026
2007: 983
2006: 1,093
2005: 1,119
2004: 1,065
2003: 1,060
2001: 1,050
2000: 1,043

Rate of Male Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn the Netherlands, the annual rate of male suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2018: 14.3113
2017: 15.97
2016: 15.64
2015: 15.80
2014: 15.33
2013: 16.17
2012: 14.83
2011: 14.34
2010: 14.19
2009: 13.67
2008: 12.65
2007: 12.17
2006: 13.55
2005: 13.89
2004: 13.24
2003: 13.21
2001: 13.22
2000: 13.24

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn the Netherlands, annual female suicides by any means total

2018: 65613
2017: 615
2016: 617
2015: 593
2014: 592
2013: 553
2012: 568
2011: 513
2010: 477
2009: 463
2008: 449
2007: 412
2006: 481
2005: 502
2004: 494
2003: 486
2001: 466
2000: 504

Rate of Female Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn the Netherlands, the annual rate of female suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2018: 7.5713
2017: 7.12
2016: 7.18
2015: 6.93
2014: 6.94
2013: 6.51
2012: 6.72
2011: 6.09
2010: 5.69
2009: 5.55
2008: 5.41
2007: 4.98
2006: 5.83
2005: 6.09
2004: 6.01
2003: 5.93
2001: 5.75
2000: 6.26

Gun Suicides

ChartIn the Netherlands, annual firearm suicides total

2018: 4113
2017: 48
2016: 41
2015: 4724
2014: 33
2013: 4324 29
2012: 4224 29 30
2011: 4724 29
2010: 40
2009: 52
2008: 40
2007: 42
2006: 50
2005: 49
2004: 45
2003: 46
2002: 39
2001: 43
2000: 47
1999: 51
1998: 53
1997: 50
1996: 55

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Netherlands, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2019: 13
2018: 0.24
2017: 0.28
2016: 0.24
2015: 0.28
2014: 0.20
2013: 0.26
2012: 0.25
2011: 0.28
2010: 0.24
2009: 0.32
2008: 0.24
2007: 0.26
2006: 0.31
2005: 0.30
2004: 0.28
2003: 0.28
2002: 0.24
2001: 0.27
2000: 0.30
1999: 0.32
1998: 0.34
1997: 0.32
1996: 0.35
1994: 0.3131

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn the Netherlands, annual male firearm suicides total

2018: 3813
2017: 46
2016: 38
2015: 45
2014: 30
2013: 39
2012: 41
2011: 45
2010: 39
2009: 50
2008: 38
2007: 40
2006: 47
2005: 46
2004: 43
2003: 44
2001: 40
2000: 44

Rate of Male Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Netherlands, the annual rate of male firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2018: 0.4513
2017: 0.54
2016: 0.45
2015: 0.54
2014: 0.36
2013: 0.47
2012: 0.50
2011: 0.55
2010: 0.48
2009: 0.61
2008: 0.47
2007: 0.50
2006: 0.58
2005: 0.57
2004: 0.53
2003: 0.55
2001: 0.50
2000: 0.56

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn the Netherlands, annual female firearm suicides total

2018: 313
2017: 2
2016: 3
2015: 2
2014: 3
2013: 4
2012: 1
2011: 2
2010: 1
2009: 2
2008: 2
2007: 2
2006: 3
2005: 3
2004: 2
2003: 2
2001: 3
2000: 3

Rate of Female Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Netherlands, the annual rate of female firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2018: 0.0313
2017: 0.02
2016: 0.03
2015: 0.02
2014: 0.04
2013: 0.05
2012: 0.01
2011: 0.02
2010: 0.01
2009: 0.02
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.02
2006: 0.04
2005: 0.04
2004: 0.02
2003: 0.02
2001: 0.04
2000: 0.04

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn the Netherlands, annual handgun suicides total

2015: 524
2014: 3
2013: 424 29
2012: 5
2011: 8
2010: 1
2009: 7
2008: 6
2007: 3
2006: 9
2005: 19
2004: 11
2003: 8
2002: 11
2001: 6
2000: 12
1999: 6
1998: 9
1997: 15
1996: 8

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Netherlands, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.038
2014: 0.02
2013: 0.028 29
2012: 0.03
2011: 0.05
2010: 0.01
2009: 0.04
2008: 0.04
2007: 0.02
2006: 0.06
2005: 0.12
2004: 0.07
2003: 0.05
2002: 0.07
2001: 0.04
2000: 0.08
1999: 0.04
1998: 0.06
1997: 0.10
1996: 0.05

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn the Netherlands, the number of long gun suicides is

2015: 424
2014: 1
2013: 424 29
2012: 6
2011: 3
2010: 3
2009: 6
2008: 3
2007: 3
2006: 5
2005: 6
2004: 6
2003: 9
2002: 3
2001: 024
2000: 124 29
1999: 5
1998: 3
1997: 2
1996: 7

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Netherlands, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.028
2014: 0.01
2013: 0.028 29
2012: 0.04
2011: 0.02
2010: 0.02
2009: 0.04
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.02
2006: 0.03
2005: 0.04
2004: .004
2003: 0.06
2002: 0.02
2001: 0.008
2000: 0.018 29
1999: 0.03
1998: 0.02
1997: 0.01
1996: 0.05

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn the Netherlands, annual gun suicides (other) total

2015: 3824
2014: 29
2013: 3524 29
2012: 31
2011: 36
2010: 36
2009: 39
2008: 31
2007: 36
2006: 36
2005: 24
2004: 28
2003: 29
2002: 25
2001: 37
2000: 34
1999: 40
1998: 41
1997: 33
1996: 40

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Netherlands, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.228
2014: 0.17
2013: 0.218 29
2012: 0.19
2011: 0.22
2010: 0.22
2009: 0.24
2008: 0.19
2007: 0.22
2006: 0.22
2005: 0.15
2004: 0.17
2003: 0.18
2002: 0.15
2001: 0.23
2000: 0.21
1999: 0.25
1998: 0.26
1997: 0.21
1996: 0.26

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn the Netherlands, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2018: 113
2017: 1
2016: 1
2015: 024
2014: 1
2013: 0
2012: 1 32 30
2011: 0
2010: 1
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 0
2004: 2
2003: 1
2002: 3
2001: 1
2000: 2
1999: 5
1998: 3
1997: 3
1996: 1

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Netherlands, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2018: 0.0113
2017: 0.01
2016: 0.01
2015:
2014: 0.01
2013:
2012: 0.01
2011:
2010: 0.01
2009:
2008:
2007:
2006:
2005:
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.01
2002: 0.02
2001: 0.01
2000: 0.01
1999: 0.03
1998: 0.02
1997: 0.02
1996: 0.01
1994: 0.0133

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn the Netherlands, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2018: 113
2016: 1
2015: 0
2014: 1
2013: 0
2012: 1
2011: 0
2010: 1
2004: 2
2003: 1
2001: 1
2000: 1

Rate of Unintentional Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Netherlands, the annual rate of unintentional male shooting death per 100,000 population is

2018: 0.0113
2016: 0.01
2014: 0.01
2012: 0.01
2010: 0.01
2004: 0.02
2003: 0.01
2001: 0.01
2000: 0.01

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn the Netherlands, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2017: 113
2015: 0
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2000: 1

Rate of Unintentional Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Netherlands, the annual rate of unintentional female shooting death per 100,000 population is

2017: 0.0113
2000: 0.01

Unintentional Handgun Deaths

ChartIn the Netherlands, annual unintentional shooting deaths by handgun total

2015: 024
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 0
2004: 0
2003: 0
2002: 224 32
2001: 1
2000: 024
1999: 124 32
1998: 024
1997: 124 32
1996: 1

Rate of Unintentional Handgun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Netherlands, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by handgun per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.008
2014: 0.00
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.00
2009: 0.00
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2005: 0.00
2004: 0.00
2003: 0.00
2002: 0.018 32
2001: 0.01
2000: 0.008
1999: 0.018 32
1998: 0.008
1997: 0.018 32
1996: 0.01

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn the Netherlands, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2015: 024
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 124 32
2011: 024
2010: 124 32
2009: 024
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 0
2004: 0
2003: 0
2002: 124 32
2001: 024
2000: 0
1999: 0
1998: 0
1997: 0
1996: 0

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Netherlands, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.008
2014: 0.00
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.018 32
2011: 0.008
2010: 0.018 32
2009: 0.008
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2005: 0.00
2004: 0.00
2003: 0.00
2002: 0.018 32
2001: 0.008
2000: 0.00
1999: 0.00
1998: 0.00
1997: 0.00
1996: 0.00

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn the Netherlands, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2015: 024
2014: 1
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 0
2004: 224 32
2003: 1
2002: 024
2001: 0
2000: 224 32
1999: 4
1998: 3
1997: 2
1996: 024

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Netherlands, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.008
2014: 0.01
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.00
2009: 0.00
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2005: 0.00
2004: 0.018 32
2003: 0.01
2002: 0.008
2001: 0.00
2000: 0.018 32
1999: 0.03
1998: 0.02
1997: 0.01
1996: 0.008

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn the Netherlands, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2015: 024
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 224 34
2009: 024
2008: 124 34
2007: 1
2006: 1
2005: 1
2004: 024
2003: 124 34
2002: 024
2001: 124 34
2000: 024
1999: 024 27
1998: 124 34
1997: 2
1996: 1

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Netherlands, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.008
2014: 0.00
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.0113
2009: 0.008
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.008
2003: 0.018 34
2002: 0.008
2001: 0.018 34
2000: 0.008
1999: 0.00
1998: 0.01
1997: 0.018 34
1996: 0.01
1994: 0.0335

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn the Netherlands, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2015: 013
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 2

Rate of Male Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

In the Netherlands, the annual rate of unknown-cause male shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.0213

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn the Netherlands, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2015: 013
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2008: 1
2007: 1
2005: 1

Rate of Female Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Netherlands, the annual rate of unknown-cause female shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2008: 0.0113
2007: 0.01
2005: 0.01

Handgun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn the Netherlands, annual deaths by handgun in which the cause remains undecided total

2015: 024
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 124 34
2009: 024
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 124 34
2005: 024
2004: 0
2003: 0
2002: 0
2001: 0
2000: 0
1999: 0
1998: 0
1997: 124 34
1996: 024

Rate of Handgun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Netherlands, the annual rate of unknown-cause handgun deaths per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.008
2014: 0.00
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.018 34
2009: 0.008
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.018 34
2005: 0.008
2004: 0.00
2003: 0.00
2002: 0.00
2001: 0.00
2000: 0.00
1999: 0.00
1998: 0.00
1997: 0.018 34
1996: 0.008

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn the Netherlands, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2015: 024
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 0
2004: 0
2003: 0
2002: 0
2001: 0
2000: 0
1999: 0
1998: 0
1997: 0
1996: 0

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Netherlands, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.008
2014: 0.00
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.00
2009: 0.00
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2005: 0.00
2004: 0.00
2003: 0.00
2002: 0.00
2001: 0.00
2000: 0.00
1999: 0.00
1998: 0.00
1997: 0.00
1996: 0.00

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn the Netherlands, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2015: 024
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 124 34
2009: 024
2008: 124 34
2007: 1
2006: 024
2005: 124 34
2004: 024
2003: 124 34
2002: 024
2001: 124 34
2000: 024
1999: 0
1998: 124 34
1997: 1
1996: 1

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Netherlands, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.008
2014: 0.00
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.018 34
2009: 0.008
2008: 0.018 34
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.008
2005: 0.018 34
2004: 0.008
2003: 0.018 34
2002: 0.008
2001: 0.018 34
2000: 0.008
1999: 0.00
1998: 0.018 34
1997: 0.01
1996: 0.01

Legal Intervention Gun Homicides

ChartIn the Netherlands, annual legal-intervention gun homicides total

2016: 313
2013: 1
2012: 5
2011: 4
2010: 1
2009: 2
2008: 1
2007: 2

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In the Netherlands, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is prohibited36 37 38

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, the Netherlands was ranked 'small'39

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In the Netherlands, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50

Firearm Exports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms exported from the Netherlands is reported by manufacturers to be

2020: 9,24251
2019: 3,269
2018: 2,096
2017: 1,823
2016: 2,107
2015: 1,182
2014: 1,05352
2011: 692
2010: 472
2009: 1,176
2008: 1,865
2007: 787

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

ChartThe annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from the Netherlands is reported by Customs to be US$

2016: 1,000,00053
2015: 6,407,54754
2014: 17,731,887
2013: 6,558,332
2012: 9,719,782
2011: 2,094,12255

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, the Netherlands was categorized as 'minor'56

Firearm Imports

In the Netherlands, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law40 57 42 43 45 46 47 48 49

Firearm Imports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms imported to the Netherlands is reported to be

2020: 22,17851
2019: 13,422
2018: 23,881
2017: 40,143
2016: 10,188
2015: 11,954
2014: 25,16752
2012: 1,300
2010: 6,469
2009: 6,633
2008: 1,561
2007: 2,450
2006: 2,953

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

ChartThe annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to the Netherlands is reported by Customs to be US$

2017: 74,000,000
2016: 80,000,00058
2015: 113,745,88854
2014: 117,378,527
2013: 105,467,718
2012: 89,708,16554 59 60
2011: 55,279,28555 61
2010: 88,000,00062

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in the Netherlands is moderate63

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In the Netherlands, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law64 65 66

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in the Netherlands include40 67 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

ChartIn its annual Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer, the Small Arms Survey compares public reporting among major arms exporting nations on a scale from strong to weak (25 to zero). In recent years, the Netherlands scored

2020: 20
2019: 19.5068
2018: 20.0069
2016: 19.2570
2014: 19.2571
2013: 19.2572
2012: 18.5073
2011: 17.0074
2010: 17.0075
2009: 16.5076
2008: 17.0077
2007: 16.5078
2006: 16.2579
2005: 17.7580
2004: 13.0081

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in the Netherlands is categorised as restrictive82

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in the Netherlands includes the Wet Wapens en Munitie 1997 [Arms and Ammunition Act],83 84 Algemene Douanewet 2008 [General Customs Law], Besluit Strategische Goederen 2008 [Decree on Strategic Goods],40 Directive (EU) 2021/555 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 24 March 2021 on control of the acquisition and possession of weapons ,85 86 the European Union Firearms Regulation of 2012 and the Common Position on the Control of Arms Brokering of 200387

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in the Netherlands are regulated by the Ministry of Justice and the local Commissioner of Police,88 and the European Commission86

Right to Possess Firearms

In the Netherlands, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law89 90 91

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In the Netherlands, civilians are not allowed to possess automatic and 'Category II' firearms, incendiary and armour-piercing ammunition92 93 94 95 96

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In the Netherlands, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited93 92 97 95 96 23

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In the Netherlands, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is prohibited93 92 97 98 99 96

Regulation of Handguns

In the Netherlands, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence93 95 98 99 96 23

Law Regulates Long Guns

In the Netherlands, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law23

Gun Ownership and Possession

In the Netherlands, only licensed gun owners92 100 101 95 98 23 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in the Netherlands are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting, sports shooting, collection100 102 92 103

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in the Netherlands is 18 years100 92 103

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in the Netherlands must pass a background check which considers criminal100 103 23 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In the Netherlands, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required91

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in the Netherlands does not stipulate91 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In the Netherlands, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is not required91 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In the Netherlands, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every one year100

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in the Netherlands are permitted to possess any number of firearms91

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in the Netherlands are permitted to possess any quantity of ammunition91 49

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In the Netherlands, the law requires104 105 106 107 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In the Netherlands, licensed firearm dealers are required107 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In the Netherlands, State agencies are required105 108 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In the Netherlands, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited37

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In the Netherlands, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful37 109 65 99

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In the Netherlands, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is undetermined91

Regulation of Gun Shows

In the Netherlands, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are not regulated91 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in the Netherlands do not include91 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in the Netherlands do not include91 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in the Netherlands include108 110 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in the Netherlands include111 112 110 43 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In the Netherlands, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is prohibited113 23

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In the Netherlands, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is prohibited113 23

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In the Netherlands, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm114 is no more than nine months in prison or a fine115 116

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

European Union

As a member of the European Union, the Netherlands is bound by the provisions of the ‘EU Firearms Directive’ – the 2007 Legislative Resolution on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons of the European Parliament117 118

European Union Export Reporting

Under the European Union Common Position on Arms Exports, the Netherlands is bound to declare its transfers of military technology and equipment. Independent monitoring provides detailed comparisons of arms export reporting compliance across EU member states, and records that the Netherlands have submitted one or more national reports119 on its arms transfers

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 2006120 by the Netherlands.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified121 by the Netherlands

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified122 by the Netherlands

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, the Netherlands committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects123

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored the Netherlands against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 54124 125 126 127 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, the Netherlands have submitted one or more national reports128 129 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In the Netherlands, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated130 129

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In the Netherlands, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated130

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of the Netherlands submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent130 131 129

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been donated129 by the Netherlands to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, the Netherlands have declared132 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, the Netherlands have been a Member State of the United Nations since 1945133

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies lists134 the Netherlands as a Participating State

BackgroundSustainable Development Goal Profile

About SDG 16

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are 17 goals set by the United Nations to be implemented by all member states by 2030. Adopted in 2015, they outline a vision of development in which peace and security are an integral part. SDG 16,135 which seeks to “promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development,” includes targets and indicators focused on reducing violence (Target 16.1) and the proliferation of illicit arms (Target 16.4). The indicators – or measurement criteria – of these targets include the number of victims of intentional homicide (Indicator 16.1.1), the number of conflict-related deaths (Indicator 16.1.2), and the number of illicit firearms collected and traced (Indicator 16.4.2). In light of these targets and indicators, GunPolicy.org provides granular national data pertaining to homicides, gun homicides, conflict deaths, disarmament efforts, and marking and tracing.

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn the Netherlands, annual homicides by any means total

2018: 10014
2017: 132
2016: 94
2015: 104
2014: 123
2013: 125
2012: 145
2011: 143
2010: 144
2009: 154
2008: 150
2007: 143
2006: 159
2005: 197
2004: 223
2003: 247
2002: 224
2001: 264
2000: 223
1999: 23015 16 17 18
1998: 208
1997: 23715 16 17 18 19
1996: 240
1995: 29915 18 19

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn the Netherlands, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2018: 0.5914
2017: 0.78
2016: 0.55
2015: 0.61
2014: 0.73
2013: 0.74
2012: 0.86
2011: 0.85
2010: 0.86
2009: 0.93
2008: 0.91
2007: 0.87
2006: 0.97
2005: 1.21
2004: 1.37
2003: 1.52
2002: 1.39
2001: 1.65
2000: 1.40
1999: 1.458 18
1998: 1.32
1997: 1.528 18 19
1996: 1.54
1995: 1.918 19

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn the Netherlands, annual male homicides by any means total

2018: 6420
2017: 89
2016: 64
2015: 62
2014: 93
2013: 69
2012: 95
2011: 93
2010: 90
2009: 104
2008: 103
2007: 96

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn the Netherlands, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.7513
2015: 0.74
2014: 1.11
2013: 0.83
2012: 1.15
2011: 1.13
2010: 1.10
2009: 1.28
2008: 1.27
2007: 1.19

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn the Netherlands, annual female homicides by any means total

2016: 3213
2015: 42
2014: 30
2013: 56
2012: 50
2011: 50
2010: 54
2009: 50
2008: 47
2007: 47

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn the Netherlands, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.3713
2015: 0.49
2014: 0.35
2013: 0.66
2012: 0.59
2011: 0.59
2010: 0.64
2009: 0.60
2008: 0.57
2007: 0.57

Gun Homicides

ChartIn the Netherlands, annual firearm homicides total

2018: 3213
2017: 35
2016: 2713
2015: 3113
2014: 37
2013: 26
2012: 46
2011: 48
2010: 31
2009: 38
2008: 35
2007: 37
2006: 30
2005: 49
2004: 49
2003: 49
2002: 80
2001: 68
2000: 64
1999: 89
1998: 74
1997: 78
1996: 86

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Netherlands, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2019: 13
2018: 0.19
2017: 0.20
2016: 0.16
2015: 0.18
2014: 0.22
2013: 0.15
2012: 0.27
2011: 0.29
2010: 0.19
2009: 0.23
2008: 0.21
2007: 0.23
2006: 0.18
2005: 0.30
2004: 0.30
2003: 0.30
2002: 0.50
2001: 0.42
2000: 0.40
1999: 0.56
1998: 0.47
1997: 0.50
1996: 0.55
1994: 0.3621

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn the Netherlands, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2011: 34%22 23
2010: 23%
2009: 27%
2008: 25%
2007: 28%
2006: 24%
2005: 31%
2004: 29.9%18

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn the Netherlands, annual male firearm homicides total

2018: 2613
2017: 32
2016: 2413
2015: 26
2014: 36
2013: 21
2012: 39
2011: 35
2010: 25
2009: 33
2008: 29
2007: 31
2006: 25
2005: 44
2004: 40
2003: 38
2001: 58
2000: 58

Rate of Male Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Netherlands, the annual rate of male firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2018: 0.3113
2017: 0.38
2016: 0.29
2015: 0.31
2014: 0.43
2013: 0.25
2012: 0.47
2011: 0.42
2010: 0.31
2009: 0.40
2008: 0.36
2007: 0.38
2006: 0.31
2005: 0.55
2004: 0.50
2003: 0.47
2001: 0.73
2000: 0.74

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn the Netherlands, annual female firearm homicides total

2018: 613
2017: 3
2016: 313
2015: 5
2014: 1
2013: 5
2012: 7
2011: 13
2010: 6
2009: 5
2008: 6
2007: 6
2006: 5
2005: 5
2004: 9
2003: 11
2001: 10
2000: 6

Rate of Female Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Netherlands, the annual rate of female firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2019: 13
2018: 0.07
2017: 0.03
2016: 0.03
2015: 0.06
2014: 0.01
2013: 0.06
2012: 0.08
2011: 0.15
2010: 0.07
2009: 0.06
2008: 0.07
2007: 0.07
2006: 0.06
2005: 0.06
2004: 0.11
2003: 0.13
2001: 0.12
2000: 0.07

Conflict Deaths

For a profile of conflict in the Netherlands, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Disarmament

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn the Netherlands, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2019: 3,6447 136
2018: 3,490136
2017: 6,606137
2016: 6,532
2013/16: 24,000138
2010: 1,405

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn the Netherlands, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

1994/96: 143,632139
1991/2007: 143,632140

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In the Netherlands, it is not state policy108 141 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

Marking and Tracing

Firearm Marking

In the Netherlands, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law142 143 38 144

Firearm Tracing

In the Netherlands, state authorities carry out145 144 107 146 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In the Netherlands, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are not91 recorded in a register

Global Peace Index

To see where the Netherlands ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index, and then click on the Netherlands on the map or in the "Select Country" menu on the right of the web page


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Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q4)Full Citation

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van Dijk, Jan, John van Kesteren and Paul Smit.2007.‘Ownership of Firearms and Handguns in Countries and Main Cities (percentages): 1989-2005 ICVS and 2005 EU ICS.’ Criminal Victimisation in International Perspective: Key findings from the 2004-2005 ICVS and EU ICS.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime / UNODC,1 January. (Q11810)Full Citation

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Netherlands.2021.‘Registered Firearms and Firearms Confiscated in the Netherlands.’ Response to GunPolicy.org Outreach to UNPOA National Point of Contact 2021.Amsterdam:the Netherlands,21 July. (Q14404)Full Citation

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GunPolicy.org.2016.‘Calculated Rates - Netherlands.’ Historical Population Data - USCB International Data Base.Suitland, MD:US Census Bureau Population Division,10 October. (Q4269)Full Citation

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GunPolicy.org. 2019. ‘Estimated Number of Illicit Firearms.’ Definition and Selection Criteria.
Sydney School of Public Health, 24 January.
(G14) Full Citation

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Duquet, Nils and Maarten Van Alstein.2016.‘Illegal Firearm Possession in the Netherlands, 2001/03.’ Guns for Sale: The Belgian Illicit Gun Market in a European Perspective.Brussels:Flemish Peace Institute,21 March. (Q11827)Full Citation

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Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Military Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Military-Owned Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13436)Full Citation

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Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Law Enforcement Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Law Enforcement Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13435)Full Citation

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GunPolicy.org. 2016. ‘Violent Deaths in the Netherlands.’ Definition and Selection Criteria.
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