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Armed violence prevention, gun control laws and the small arms trade:

Nepal — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Nepal is

2017: 444,0001
2013: 440,0002 3 4

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Nepal is

2017: 1.501
2013: 1.72 4

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Nepal ranked at No. 1155

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Nepal ranked at No. 1594

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

The number of licensed gun owners in Nepal is reported to be

2012: 34,4686

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

The rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in Nepal is

2012: 0.127

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Nepal is reported to be

2017: 34,3151
2012: 55,0002 3

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

The rate of registered guns per 100 people in Nepal is

2012: 0.187

Estimated Number of Illicit Firearms

ChartUnlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Nepal there are estimated to be

2017: 409,6851
2013: 385,0003 2 8

Estimated Rate of Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Nepal the rate of illicit firearms per 100 people is estimated to be 1.297

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Nepal are reported to have 183,5409 firearms

Routine Arming of Police

In Nepal, police officers on routine patrol carry one or more firearms10

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Nepal are reported to have 62,00011 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Nepal, annual homicides by any means total

2016: 66012
2015: 650
2014: 63913
2013: 638
2012: 778
2011: 78614
2010: 813
2009: 80414 15
2008: 889
2007: 893
2006: 633
2005: 913
2004: 936
2003: 757
2002: 858
2001: 848
2000: 635
1999: 63015
1998: 650
1997: 575

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Nepal, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 2.1912
2015: 2.19
2014: 2.2713
2013: 2.29
2012: 2.83
2011: 2.89
2010: 3.03
2009: 3.014 15
2008: 3.4
2007: 3.414 15 16
2006: 2.5
2005: 3.6
2004: 3.8
2003: 3.1
2002: 3.614 15
2001: 3.6
2000: 2.7
1999: 2.615
1998: 2.8
1997: 2.5

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

In Nepal, annual male homicides by any means total

2010: 62817

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

In Nepal, annual female homicides by any means total

2010: 18517

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Nepal, annual firearm homicides total

2006: 8214 18
2005: 110

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Nepal, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2006: 0.307 18
2005: 0.41

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Nepal, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2012: 4%19
2006: 13%14
2005: 12%

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Nepal, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is prohibited20

Home-made Guns

In Nepal, the prevalence of illicit craft, or 'home-made' firearm manufacture is reported to be high8 21

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Nepal, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law22 23

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

ChartThe annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Nepal is reported by Customs to be US$

2016: 16,61424
2015: 3,362
2012: 766
2011: 025

Firearm Imports

In Nepal, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law22 23

Firearm Imports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms imported to Nepal is reported to be

2011: 126
2010: 1
2009: 4
2008: 16
2007: 17

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

ChartThe annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Nepal is reported by Customs to be US$

2016: 11,785,86224
2015: 11,375,882
2014: 13,454,238
2013: 12,422,673
2012: 852,829
2011: 1,809,24525

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Nepal is high8 21

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Nepal includes the Arms and Ammunition Act 196227

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Nepal are regulated by the Government28 29

Right to Possess Firearms

In Nepal, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law30 31

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

Law Regulates Automatic Weapons

In Nepal, civilian possession of automatic weapons is regulated by law19

Law Regulates Handguns

In Nepal, civilian possession of handguns is regulated by law19

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Nepal, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law19

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Nepal, only licensed gun owners32 33 19 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Nepal must pass a background check which considers undefined19 records

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Nepal are permitted to possess up to three firearms20

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Nepal, the law requires34 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Nepal, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful32

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Nepal include35 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Nepal, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law19

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Nepal, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm36 is five years in prison and/or a fine of 100,000 Rupees37

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in Nepal are known to have38 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Surrendered in Gun Amnesty

ChartIn Nepal, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered in recent arms amnesty and collection programmes is reported to be

2013: 6,70020
2007: 3,47538

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

In Nepal, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be 1,40020 (2009-2013)

Small Arms Destroyed

In Nepal, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be 3,47538

MeasuresInternational Controls

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 200839 by Nepal.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has not been signed40 by Nepal

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has not been signed41 by Nepal

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Nepal committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects42

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Nepal has yet to submit a national report43 44 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Nepal, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated44

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Nepal, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has not been designated44

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Nepal submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was not apparent44

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated44 by Nepal to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided44 to Nepal by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Nepal has not declared45 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Nepal has been a Member State of the United Nations since 195546

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list47 Nepal as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Nepal, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Nepal ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


Short References

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