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Montserrat — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Montserrat is

2017: 3001

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Montserrat is

2017: 5.401

Government Guns

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Montserrat are reported to have 902 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Montserrat, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2015: 03
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 13

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Montserrat, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2015: 03
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 19.623

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Montserrat, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2015: 03
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 13

Rate of Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

In Montserrat, the annual rate of male gun death per 100,000 population is

2009: 39.083

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Montserrat, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2015: 03
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Montserrat, annual homicides by any means total

2015: 03
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 1
2011: 0
2010: 0
2008: 14 5
2006: 1
2005: 1
2004: 0
2003: 0
2002: 0
2001: 0
2000: 0
1999: 05
1998: 2
1997: 0
1996: 1

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Montserrat, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.03
2014: 0.0
2013: 0.0
2012: 19.363
2011: 0.0
2010: 0.0
2009: 19.623
2008: 19.68
2006: 20.6
2005: 20.9
2004: 0.0
2003: 0.0
2002: 0.0
2001: 0.0
2000: 0.0
1999: 0.05
1998: 29.6
1997: 0.0
1996: 12.6
1995: 0.0

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Montserrat, annual male homicides by any means total

2015: 03
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2008: 1

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

In Montserrat, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2008: 39.123

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Montserrat, annual female homicides by any means total

2015: 03
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 1
2011: 0
2010: 0

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

In Montserrat, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2012: 38.743

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Montserrat, annual firearm homicides total

2015: 03
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 133
2008: 14
2007: 5

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Montserrat, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 03
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 2553
2008: 275.48
2007: 110.82

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Montserrat, annual male firearm homicides total

2015: 03
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Montserrat, annual female firearm homicides total

2015: 03
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Montserrat, annual suicides by any means total

2015: 03
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 1

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Montserrat, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 03
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 19.543

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Montserrat, annual male suicides by any means total

2015: 03
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 1

Rate of Male Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

In Montserrat, the annual rate of male suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2010: 39.173

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Montserrat, annual female suicides by any means total

2015: 03
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Montserrat, annual firearm suicides total

2015: 03
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Montserrat, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 03
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Montserrat, annual male firearm suicides total

2015: 03
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Montserrat, annual female firearm suicides total

2015: 03
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Montserrat, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2015: 03
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 13

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Montserrat, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2015: 03
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 19.623

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Montserrat, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2015: 03
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 13

Rate of Unintentional Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

In Montserrat, the annual rate of unintentional male shooting death per 100,000 population is

2009: 39.393

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Montserrat, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2015: 03
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Montserrat, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2015: 03
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Montserrat, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2015: 03
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Montserrat, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2015: 03
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Montserrat, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence6

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Montserrat, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law7

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Montserrat is reported by Customs to be US$139,5118 (2002)

Firearm Imports

In Montserrat, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law6

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Montserrat is reported by Customs to be US$26,7268 (2011)

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Montserrat do not include9 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Montserrat is categorised as restrictive10

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Montserrat includes the Firearms Act11

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Montserrat are regulated by the Commissioner of Police12

Right to Possess Firearms

In Montserrat, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law13 14 6

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Montserrat, civilians are not allowed to possess automatic weapons, air guns, any firearm with a barrel length less than 24 inches, and home-made weapons15

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Montserrat, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited15

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Montserrat, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is prohibited15

Regulation of Handguns

In Montserrat, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is prohibited15

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Montserrat, only licensed gun owners6 16 17 12 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Montserrat are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example membership of a licensed rifle club16 12

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Montserrat is 17 years for purchase, and 14 years for possession18

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Montserrat must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental health and substance abuse12 19 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Montserrat, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required9

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Montserrat does not stipulate9 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Montserrat, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is not required9 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Montserrat, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every one year16

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Montserrat are permitted to possess any number of firearms9

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Montserrat are permitted to possess any quantity of ammunition9

Firearm Registration

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Montserrat, licensed firearm dealers are required20 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Montserrat, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited6 7

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Montserrat, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful6 20 7

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In Montserrat, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is undetermined9

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Montserrat include21 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Montserrat include20 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Montserrat, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is prohibited22

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Montserrat, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is prohibited22

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Montserrat, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm23 is five to seven years in prison24

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Montserrat, it is state policy25 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Montserrat is not a Member State of the United Nations26

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list27 Montserrat as a Participating State


Short References

1.

Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Civilian Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Civilian-Held Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13434)Full Citation

2.

Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Law Enforcement Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Law Enforcement Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13435)Full Citation

3.

WHO.2016.‘Inter-country Comparison of Mortality for Selected Causes of Death.’ WHO Mortality Data Base.Geneva:World Health Organisation,1 December. (Q13354)Full Citation

4.

UNODC.2014.‘Homicides in Montserrat.’ Global Study on Homicide 2013: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC),10 April. (Q10127)Full Citation

5.

UNODC.2013.‘Homicide in 207 Countries - Montserrat.’ Global Study on Homicide 2011: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,26 June. (Q6358)Full Citation

6.

Montserrat.2000.‘Requirement for Licence.’ Laws of Montserrat, Chapter 10.02, Firearms Act and Subsidiary Legislation, Revised Edition showing the law as at 1 January 2008.Plymouth:Law Revision Commissioner,15 November. (Q3637)Full Citation

7.

Montserrat.2000.‘Sales of Firearms and Ammunition.’ Laws of Montserrat, Chapter 10.02, Firearms Act and Subsidiary Legislation, Revised Edition showing the law as at 1 January 2008.Plymouth:Law Revision Commissioner,15 November. (Q3642)Full Citation

8.

Marsh, Nicholas.2014.‘Database of Authorised Transfers of Small Arms and Light Weapons.’ NISAT Small Arms Trade Database.Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers,22 December. (Q16)Full Citation

9.

Montserrat.2000.‘Firearms Act.’ Laws of Montserrat, Chapter 10.02, Firearms Act and Subsidiary Legislation, Revised Edition showing the law as at 1 January 2008.Plymouth:Law Revision Commissioner,15 November. (Q4349)Full Citation

10.

Newton, George D and Franklin E Zimring.1969.‘Firearm Licensing: Permissive v Restrictive.’ Firearms & Violence in American Life: A staff report submitted to the National Commission on the Causes and Prevention of Violence.Washington, DC:US Government Printing Office,1 January. (Q22)Full Citation

11.

Montserrat.2000.‘Firearms Act.’ Laws of Montserrat, Chapter 10.02, Firearms Act and Subsidiary Legislation, Revised Edition showing the law as at 1 January 2008.Plymouth:Law Revision Commissioner,15 November. (Q3634)Full Citation

12.

Montserrat.2000.‘Licences.’ Laws of Montserrat, Chapter 10.02, Firearms Act and Subsidiary Legislation, Revised Edition showing the law as at 1 January 2008.Plymouth:Law Revision Commissioner,15 November. (Q3641)Full Citation

13.

Sherman, Amy and Tom Ginsburg.2014.‘Gun Rights in National Constitutions.’ Marco Rubio Says Second Amendment Is Unique in Speech to NRA.Miami, FL:Miami Herald (PolitiFact Florida),29 April. (Q8507)Full Citation

14.

Zachary Elkins, Tom Ginsburg and James Melton. 2013. ‘U.S. Gun Rights Truly Are American Exceptionalism.’ Bloomberg (USA). 7 March. (N422) Full Citation

15.

Montserrat.2000.‘Prohibited Weapons and Ammunition.’ Laws of Montserrat, Chapter 10.02, Firearms Act and Subsidiary Legislation, Revised Edition showing the law as at 1 January 2008.Plymouth:Law Revision Commissioner,15 November. (Q3636)Full Citation

16.

Montserrat.2000.‘Firearm Licence.’ Laws of Montserrat, Chapter 10.02, Firearms Act and Subsidiary Legislation, Revised Edition showing the law as at 1 January 2008.Plymouth:Law Revision Commissioner,15 November. (Q3638)Full Citation

17.

Montserrat.2000.‘Ammunition Licence.’ Laws of Montserrat, Chapter 10.02, Firearms Act and Subsidiary Legislation, Revised Edition showing the law as at 1 January 2008.Plymouth:Law Revision Commissioner,15 November. (Q3639)Full Citation

18.

Montserrat.2000.‘Acquisition and Possession of Firearm by Minor.’ Laws of Montserrat, Chapter 10.02, Firearms Act and Subsidiary Legislation, Revised Edition showing the law as at 1 January 2008.Plymouth:Law Revision Commissioner,15 November. (Q3646)Full Citation

19.

Montserrat.2000.‘Possession of Firearms by Persons Previously Convicted of Crime.’ Laws of Montserrat, Chapter 10.02, Firearms Act and Subsidiary Legislation, Revised Edition showing the law as at 1 January 2008.Plymouth:Law Revision Commissioner,15 November. (Q3644)Full Citation

20.

Montserrat.2000.‘Firearm Dealers.’ Laws of Montserrat, Chapter 10.02, Firearms Act and Subsidiary Legislation, Revised Edition showing the law as at 1 January 2008.Plymouth:Law Revision Commissioner,15 November. (Q3640)Full Citation

21.

Montserrat.2000.‘Storage of Firearms and Ammunition.’ Laws of Montserrat, Chapter 10.02, Firearms Act and Subsidiary Legislation, Revised Edition showing the law as at 1 January 2008.Plymouth:Law Revision Commissioner,15 November. (Q3645)Full Citation

22.

Montserrat.2000.‘Carrying Firearm in a Public Place.’ Laws of Montserrat, Chapter 10.02, Firearms Act and Subsidiary Legislation, Revised Edition showing the law as at 1 January 2008.Plymouth:Law Revision Commissioner,15 November. (Q3643)Full Citation

23.

GunPolicy.org. 2015. ‘Penalty for Unlawful Firearm Possession.’ Definition and Selection Criteria.
Sydney School of Public Health, 22 January.
(G93) Full Citation

24.

Montserrat.2000.‘Punishment for Other Offences.’ Laws of Montserrat, Chapter 10.02, Firearms Act and Subsidiary Legislation, Revised Edition showing the law as at 1 January 2008.Plymouth:Law Revision Commissioner,15 November. (Q3647)Full Citation

25.

Montserrat.2000.‘Powers of Commissioner to Store Firearms.’ Laws of Montserrat, Chapter 10.02, Firearms Act and Subsidiary Legislation, Revised Edition showing the law as at 1 January 2008.Plymouth:Law Revision Commissioner,15 November. (Q3648)Full Citation

26.

UN.2013.‘Member States of the United Nations.’ UN.org Web Site.New York, NY:United Nations General Assembly,7 April. (Q290)Full Citation

27.

Wassenaar Arrangement.1996.‘Introduction: Participating States.’ Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies.Vienna:Wassenaar Secretariat,12 July. (Q19)Full Citation