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Montenegro — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Montenegro is

2017: 245,0001
2007: 150,0002 3

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Montenegro is

2017: 39.101
2007: 23.12

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Montenegro ranked at No. 1244

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Montenegro ranked at No. 212

Proportion of Households with Handguns

In Montenegro, the percentage of households with one or more handguns is reported to be

2012: 11.8%5

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

ChartThe number of licensed gun owners in Montenegro is reported to be

2012: 80,0006
2007: 73,0007

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in Montenegro is

2012: 12.178
2007: 10.66

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Montenegro is reported to be

2017: 103,5361
2012: 100,0006
2007: 98,3407
2005: 86,0002
2004: 86,0009 10
2003: 86,00011

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in Montenegro is

2012: 15.218
2007: 14.36
2005: 12.30
2004: 13.239
2003: 12.058

Estimated Number of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms

ChartUnregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,12 but in Montenegro there are estimated to be

2017: 141,4641
2012: 80,0006
2006: 89,00010
2003: 64,50011

Estimated Rate of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

Unregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,12 but in Montenegro the rate of such firearms per 100 people is estimated to be 12.608

Number of Households with Firearms

In Montenegro, the number of households containing one or more guns is reported to be

2012: 38,56913

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Montenegro are reported to have 5,39614 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Montenegro are reported to have 8,00015 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Montenegro, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2009: 5416 17
2008: 5718 19
2007: 49
2005: 68

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Montenegro, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2009: 8.6820
2008: 9.18
2007: 7.90
2005: 9.72

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Montenegro, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2009: 4520
2008: 48
2007: 40

Rate of Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Montenegro, the annual rate of male gun death per 100,000 population is

2009: 14.6420
2008: 15.65
2007: 13.06

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Montenegro, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2009: 920
2008: 9
2007: 9

Rate of Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Montenegro, the annual rate of female gun death per 100,000 population is

2009: 2.8620
2008: 2.86
2007: 2.86

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Montenegro, annual homicides by any means total

2016: 2821
2015: 17
2014: 20
2013: 10
2012: 1722
2011: 2122 23 24
2010: 1522 23
2009: 1420
2008: 15
2007: 5
2006: 2525
2005: 2223
2004: 14
2003: 20
2002: 27

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Montenegro, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 4.5321
2015: 2.74
2014: 3.22
2013: 1.61
2012: 2.73
2011: 3.37
2010: 2.41
2009: 2.2520
2008: 2.42
2007: 0.81
2006: 4.1626 25
2005: 3.62
2004: 2.8526
2003: 3.10
2002: 4.323

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Montenegro, annual male homicides by any means total

2016: 2527
2015: 14
2014: 16
2013: 9
2012: 14
2011: 18
2010: 8
2009: 1020
2008: 12
2007: 4

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Montenegro, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 8.0727
2015: 4.52
2014: 5.17
2013: 2.91
2012: 4.53
2011: 5.84
2010: 2.60
2009: 3.2520
2008: 3.91
2007: 1.31

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Montenegro, annual female homicides by any means total

2016: 327
2015: 3
2014: 4
2013: 1
2012: 3
2011: 3
2010: 7
2009: 420
2008: 3
2007: 1

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Montenegro, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.9427
2015: 0.94
2014: 1.26
2013: 0.31
2012: 0.94
2011: 0.95
2010: 2.21
2009: 1.2720
2008: 0.95
2007: 0.32

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Montenegro, annual firearm homicides total

2016: 1621
2015: 10
2014: 13
2013: 6
2011: 15
2010: 7
2009: 1318 22 17
2008: 1418 22
2007: 5
2005: 2218

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Montenegro, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2016: 2.5021
2015: 1.60
2014: 2.10
2013: 0.90
2011: 2.30
2010: 1.05
2009: 2.0618 8 17
2008: 2.2318 8
2007: 0.8
2005: 3.5318

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Montenegro, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2011: 76%22 24
2010: 47%22
2009: 52%
2008: 33%
2007: 67%

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Montenegro, annual male firearm homicides total

2015: 921
2014: 13
2013: 6
2011: 12
2009: 920
2008: 11
2007: 4

Rate of Male Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Montenegro, the annual rate of male firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 2.9021
2014: 4.30
2013: 1.80
2011: 3.80
2009: 2.9320
2008: 3.59
2007: 1.31

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Montenegro, annual female firearm homicides total

2015: 121
2014: 0
2013: 0
2011: 3
2009: 420
2008: 3
2007: 1

Rate of Female Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Montenegro, the annual rate of female firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.3021
2014: 0
2013: 0
2011: 0.90
2009: 1.2720
2008: 0.95
2007: 0.32

Handgun Homicides

In Montenegro, annual handgun homicides total

2005: 1018

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

In Montenegro, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2005: 1.6018

Long Gun Homicides

In Montenegro, annual long gun homicides total

2005: 118

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

In Montenegro, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2005: 0.1618

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn Montenegro, annual gun homicides (other) total

2009: 1318
2008: 14
2007: 5
2005: 11

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Montenegro, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2009: 2.0618
2008: 2.23
2007: 0.80
2005: 1.76

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Montenegro, annual suicides by any means total

2009: 10720
2008: 126
2007: 121

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Montenegro, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2009: 17.2020
2008: 20.29
2007: 19.50

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Montenegro, annual male suicides by any means total

2009: 7720
2008: 80
2007: 89

Rate of Male Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Montenegro, the annual rate of male suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2009: 25.0520
2008: 26.08
2007: 29.05

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Montenegro, annual female suicides by any means total

2009: 3020
2008: 46
2007: 32

Rate of Female Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Montenegro, the annual rate of female suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2009: 9.5420
2008: 14.64
2007: 10.19

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Montenegro, annual firearm suicides total

2009: 4119 17
2008: 4319
2007: 44
2005: 46

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Montenegro, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2009: 6.5920
2008: 6.92
2007: 7.09
2005: 7.38

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Montenegro, annual male firearm suicides total

2009: 3620
2008: 37
2007: 36

Rate of Male Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Montenegro, the annual rate of male firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2009: 11.7120
2008: 12.06
2007: 11.75

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Montenegro, annual female firearm suicides total

2009: 520
2008: 6
2007: 8

Rate of Female Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Montenegro, the annual rate of female firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2009: 1.5920
2008: 1.91
2007: 2.55

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn Montenegro, annual handgun suicides total

2009: 119
2005: 3

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Montenegro, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2009: 0.1619
2005: 0.48

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn Montenegro, the number of long gun suicides is

2008: 119
2007: 1

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Montenegro, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2008: 0.1619
2007: 0.16

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn Montenegro, annual gun suicides (other) total

2009: 4019
2008: 42
2007: 43
2005: 43

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Montenegro, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2009: 6.3319
2008: 6.68
2007: 6.87
2005: 6.90

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Montenegro, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence28 29 30

Home-made Guns

In Montenegro, the prevalence of illicit craft, or 'home-made' firearm manufacture is reported to be low31

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Montenegro, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law32 33 34

Firearm Exports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms exported from Montenegro is reported by manufacturers to be

2018: 31,62535
2017: 3,415
2016: 50,270
2015: 765
2007: 5,39536

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Montenegro is reported by Customs to be US$578,27337 (2011)

Firearm Imports

In Montenegro, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law32 34

Firearm Imports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms imported to Montenegro is reported to be

2018: 4,43935
2017: 4,881
2016: 2,702
2015: 24,439

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Montenegro is reported by Customs to be US$766,11537 (2011)

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Montenegro is moderate38 39 40 41 42

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Montenegro, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law43 44

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Montenegro include45 33 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

ChartIn its annual Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer, the Small Arms Survey compares public reporting among major arms exporting nations on a scale from strong to weak (25 to zero). In recent years, Montenegro scored

2014: 16.2546
2013: 9.5047
2012: 14.5048
2011: 12.5049
2010: 13.2550
2009: 10.5051
2008: 9.7552
2007: 9.2553
2006: 9.2554
2005: 1.5055

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Montenegro is categorised as restrictive56

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Montenegro includes the Law on Weapons 1992,57 the Law No. 80/08 on Foreign Trade in Arms, Military Equipment, the Law No. 30/12 on the Control of Export of Dual Use Items,32 43 the Law on Transport of Dangerous Goods and the Criminal Code28

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Montenegro are regulated by the Ministry of Interior58 59

Right to Possess Firearms

In Montenegro, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law60 61 62

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Montenegro, civilians are not allowed to possess automatic firearms, semi-automatic long arms (with the exception of some semi-auto hunting rifles), double-barrelled firearms, silencers, or infra-red sighting devices63

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Montenegro, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited63 24

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Montenegro, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is prohibited, with very narrow exceptions for hunting purposes63

Regulation of Handguns

In Montenegro, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence64 58 24

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Montenegro, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law64 63 24

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Montenegro, only licensed gun owners58 65 66 24 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Montenegro are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting, sports shooting, self-defence, collection65 64

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Montenegro is 16 years, as a member of a shooting organisation67

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Montenegro must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental health and medical68 24 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Montenegro, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required62

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Montenegro does not stipulate62 68 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Montenegro, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required69 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Montenegro, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every ten years66

Licensing Records

In Montenegro, authorities maintain a record70 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Montenegro are permitted to possess only those firearms specified on an official acquisition permit, valid for 6 months, whereas licensed members of authorised shooting organisations are permitted to own several types of hunting or sporting firearms58 65 71

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Montenegro are permitted to possess an unlimited quantity of smoothbore ammunition, but a maximum of 50 'factory packages' of rifled ammunition per calendar year58

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Montenegro, the law require72 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Montenegro, licensed firearm dealers are required73 59 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Montenegro, licensed gun makers are required28 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Montenegro, State agencies are required74 72 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Limit on Gun Dealer Sales

In Montenegro, the number and type of firearms which can be sold by a licensed gun dealer to a single gun owner is limited to those firearms specified on an official acquisition permit, valid for 6 months58 65

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In Montenegro, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is undetermined62

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Montenegro, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are not regulated62 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Montenegro do not include62 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Montenegro do not include62 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Montenegro include75 76 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Montenegro include30 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Montenegro, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit77 24

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Montenegro, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit77 24

MeasuresInternational Controls

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 200878 by Montenegro.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified79 by Montenegro

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified80 by Montenegro

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Montenegro committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects81

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Montenegro has submitted one or more national reports82 83 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Montenegro, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has not been designated83

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Montenegro, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated83

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Montenegro submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was not apparent83

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated83 by Montenegro to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided83 to Montenegro by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Montenegro has declared84 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Montenegro has been a Member State of the United Nations since 200685

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list86 Montenegro as a Participating State

BackgroundSustainable Development Goal Profile

About SDG 16

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are 17 goals set by the United Nations to be implemented by all member states by 2030. Adopted in 2015, they outline a vision of development in which peace and security are an integral part. SDG 16,87 which seeks to “promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development,” includes targets and indicators focused on reducing violence (Target 16.1) and the proliferation of illicit arms (Target 16.4). The indicators – or measurement criteria – of these targets include the number of victims of intentional homicide (Indicator 16.1.1), the number of conflict-related deaths (Indicator 16.1.2), and the number of illicit firearms collected and traced (Indicator 16.4.2). In light of these targets and indicators, GunPolicy.org provides granular national data pertaining to homicides, gun homicides, conflict deaths, disarmament efforts, and marking and tracing.

Conflict Deaths

For a profile of conflict in Montenegro, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Disarmament

Authorities in Montenegro are known to have88 89 90 91 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn Montenegro, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2017: 68092
2016: 963
2015: 75693
2013: 41194 95
2012: 31994 96
2011: 45394 97
2010: 379
2009: 86397
2008: 908
2007: 612
2006: 541
2003: 7003
1998: 2,000

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn Montenegro, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2017: 92698
2016: 1,14098 99
2015: 857100
2013: 1,489101
2012: 1,520102
2011: 1,520103
2006: 2,15991
2003/06: 7,00090
2003: 25,00089
2002: 23,22388
2001: 52,000

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Montenegro, it is state policy75 104 105 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

Marking and Tracing

Firearm Marking

In Montenegro, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law106 107 29 72

Firearm Tracing

In Montenegro, state authorities do not carry out108 109 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Montenegro, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are not62 recorded in a register

Global Peace Index

To see where Montenegro ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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