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Mongolia — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Mongolia is

2017: 242,0001
2007: 50,0002

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Mongolia is

2017: 7.901
2007: 1.92

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Mongolia ranked at No. 1533

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Mongolia ranked at No. 1262

Number of Registered Firearms

The number of registered guns in Mongolia is reported to be

2017: 46,9821

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

The rate of registered guns per 100 people in Mongolia is 1.614

Estimated Number of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms

Unregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,5 but in Mongolia there are estimated to be

2017: 195,0181

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Mongolia are reported to have 323,4006 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Mongolia are reported to have 7,0007 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

In Mongolia, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2016: 268

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

In Mongolia, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.868

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

In Mongolia, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2016: 238

Rate of Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

In Mongolia, the annual rate of male gun death per 100,000 population is

2016: 1.558

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

In Mongolia, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2016: 38

Rate of Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

In Mongolia, the annual rate of female gun death per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.198

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Mongolia, annual homicides by any means total

2016: 1978
2015: 184
2014: 213
2013: 205
2012: 199
2011: 2669 10
2010: 239
2009: 219
2008: 212
2007: 293
2006: 3369 10 11
2005: 398
2004: 3339 10 12
2003: 343

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Mongolia, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 6.508
2015: 6.15
2014: 7.21
2013: 7.04
2012: 6.93
2011: 9.41
2010: 8.59
2009: 7.99
2008: 7.84
2007: 10.99
2006: 13.19 10 11
2005: 15.8
2004: 13.39 10 12
2003: 13.9

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Mongolia, annual male homicides by any means total

2016: 1558
2015: 141
2014: 159
2013: 149
2012: 142
2011: 206
2010: 172
2009: 160
2008: 163
2007: 227

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Mongolia, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 10.448
2015: 9.57
2014: 10.98
2013: 10.48
2012: 10.18
2011: 15.04
2010: 12.78
2009: 12.08
2008: 12.49
2007: 17.63

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Mongolia, annual female homicides by any means total

2016: 428
2015: 43
2014: 54
2013: 56
2012: 57
2011: 60
2010: 67
2009: 59
2008: 49
2007: 66

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Mongolia, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 2.728
2015: 2.86
2014: 3.66
2013: 3.87
2012: 4.02
2011: 4.31
2010: 4.90
2009: 4.39
2008: 3.70
2007: 5.06

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Mongolia, annual firearm homicides total

2016: 78
2011: 413
2010: 4
2009: 119 10
2008: 13
2007: 18
2006: 79 10 11
2005: 16
2004: 2410 12
2003: 20

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Mongolia, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.238
2011: 0.184
2010: 0.18
2009: 0.404 10
2008: 0.48
2007: 0.68
2006: 0.274 10 11
2005: 0.61
2004: 1.010 12
2003: 0.8

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Mongolia, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2012: 2%14
2011: 2%9
2010: 2%
2009: 5%
2008: 6%
2007: 6%
2006: 2%
2005: 4%
2004: 7.3%10
2003: 5.8%

Male Gun Homicide Victims

In Mongolia, annual male firearm homicides total

2016: 58

Rate of Male Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

In Mongolia, the annual rate of male firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.348

Female Gun Homicide Victims

In Mongolia, annual female firearm homicides total

2016: 28

Rate of Female Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

In Mongolia, the annual rate of female firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.138

Suicides (any method)

In Mongolia, annual suicides by any means total

2016: 4508

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

In Mongolia, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 14.848

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

In Mongolia, annual male suicides by any means total

2016: 3878

Rate of Male Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

In Mongolia, the annual rate of male suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 26.068

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

In Mongolia, annual female suicides by any means total

2016: 638

Rate of Female Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

In Mongolia, the annual rate of female suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 4.078

Gun Suicides

In Mongolia, annual firearm suicides total

2016: 158

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

In Mongolia, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.498

Male Gun Suicide Victims

In Mongolia, annual male firearm suicides total

2016: 158

Rate of Male Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

In Mongolia, the annual rate of male firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2016: 1.018

Unintentional Gun Deaths

In Mongolia, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2016: 38

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

In Mongolia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.108

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

In Mongolia, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2016: 38

Rate of Unintentional Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

In Mongolia, the annual rate of unintentional male shooting death per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.208

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

In Mongolia, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2016: 18

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

In Mongolia, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.038

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

In Mongolia, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2016: 18

Rate of Female Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

In Mongolia, the annual rate of unknown-cause female shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.068

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Mongolia, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is prohibited15

Home-made Guns

In Mongolia, the prevalence of illicit craft, or 'home-made' firearm manufacture is reported to be low16

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Mongolia, firearm and ammunition exports are not limited by transfer control law17

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Mongolia is reported by Customs to be US$12,80018 (2006)

Firearm Imports

In Mongolia, firearm and ammunition imports are not limited by transfer control law17

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Mongolia is reported by Customs to be US$634,68918 (2011)

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

Law Regulates Civilian Access to Firearms

In Mongolia, civilian possession of guns is regulated by law14

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Mongolia includes the Firearms Law of 2001, amended in 201419

Right to Possess Firearms

In Mongolia, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law20 21

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

Law Regulates Automatic Weapons

In Mongolia, civilian possession of automatic weapons is regulated by law14

Law Regulates Handguns

In Mongolia, civilian possession of handguns is regulated by law14

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Mongolia, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law14

Gun Ownership and Possession

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Mongolia are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm19

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Mongolia must pass a background check which considers undefined14 records

Firearm Safety Training

In Mongolia, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required19 for a firearm licence

Firearm Registration

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Mongolia, State agencies are required22 23 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Mongolia, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful19

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Mongolia include23 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Mongolia, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law22

Firearm Tracing

In Mongolia, state authorities do not carry out24 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Mongolia, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law14

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Mongolia, it is not state policy23 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 200825 by Mongolia.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed, but not yet ratified26 by Mongolia

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified27 by Mongolia

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Mongolia committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects28

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Mongolia has yet to submit a national report29 30 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Mongolia, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated31 30

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Mongolia, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has not been designated30

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated30 by Mongolia to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Mongolia has not declared32 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Mongolia has been a Member State of the United Nations since 196133

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list34 Mongolia as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Mongolia, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Mongolia ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


Short References

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2.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms - Annexe online.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q5)Full Citation

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GunPolicy.org. 2019. ‘Estimated Number of Illicit Firearms.’ Definition and Selection Criteria.
Sydney School of Public Health, 24 January.
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Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Military Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Military-Owned Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13436)Full Citation

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Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Law Enforcement Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Law Enforcement Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13435)Full Citation

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9.

UNODC.2014.‘Homicides and Gun Homicides in Mongolia.’ Global Study on Homicide 2013: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC),10 April. (Q10259)Full Citation

10.

UNODC.2013.‘Homicide in 207 Countries - Mongolia.’ Global Study on Homicide 2011: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,26 June. (Q6310)Full Citation

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UNODC.2008.‘Recorded Intentional Homicide, Completed.’ Tenth United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (2005-2006).Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,10 December. (Q10)Full Citation

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UNODC.2006.‘Reported Overall Homicide Numbers and Rates per 100,000 Population for 64 Countries, 2003-04.’ Ninth United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (2003 - 2004).Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,10 December. (Q9)Full Citation

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UNODC.2017.‘Intentional Homicide Victims.’ Crime and Drugs Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,19 May. (Q13355)Full Citation

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Mongolia.2018.‘Manufacture.’ National Report of Mongolia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Mongolia to the United Nations,1 January. (Q13921)Full Citation

17.

Mongolia.2018.‘International Transfers.’ National Report of Mongolia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Mongolia to the United Nations,1 January. (Q13922)Full Citation

18.

Marsh, Nicholas.2014.‘Database of Authorised Transfers of Small Arms and Light Weapons.’ NISAT Small Arms Trade Database.Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers,22 December. (Q16)Full Citation

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Sherman, Amy and Tom Ginsburg.2014.‘Gun Rights in National Constitutions.’ Marco Rubio Says Second Amendment Is Unique in Speech to NRA.Miami, FL:Miami Herald (PolitiFact Florida),29 April. (Q8507)Full Citation

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Zachary Elkins, Tom Ginsburg and James Melton. 2013. ‘U.S. Gun Rights Truly Are American Exceptionalism.’ Bloomberg (USA). 7 March. (N422) Full Citation

22.

Mongolia.2018.‘Marking and Record Keeping.’ National Report of Mongolia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Mongolia to the United Nations,1 January. (Q13924)Full Citation

23.

Mongolia.2018.‘Stockpile Management.’ National Report of Mongolia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Mongolia to the United Nations,1 January. (Q13923)Full Citation

24.

Mongolia.2018.‘International Tracing.’ National Report of Mongolia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Mongolia to the United Nations,1 January. (Q13925)Full Citation

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27.

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29.

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31.

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32.

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33.

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34.

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