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Mongolia — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Mongolia is

2017: 242,0001
2007: 50,0002

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Mongolia is

2017: 7.901
2007: 1.92

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Mongolia ranked at No. 1533

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Mongolia ranked at No. 1262

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Mongolia is reported to be

2017: 46,9821
2013: 46,9824

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

The rate of registered guns per 100 people in Mongolia is

2013: 1.615

Estimated Number of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms

Unregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,6 but in Mongolia there are estimated to be

2017: 195,0181

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Mongolia are reported to have 323,4007 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Mongolia are reported to have 7,0008 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

In Mongolia, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2016: 269

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

In Mongolia, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.869

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

In Mongolia, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2016: 239

Rate of Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

In Mongolia, the annual rate of male gun death per 100,000 population is

2016: 1.559

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

In Mongolia, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2016: 39

Rate of Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

In Mongolia, the annual rate of female gun death per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.199

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Mongolia, annual homicides by any means total

2018: 19610
2017: 191
2016: 184
2015: 214
2014: 213
2013: 205
2012: 199
2011: 26611 12
2010: 239
2009: 219
2008: 212
2007: 293
2006: 33611 12 13
2005: 398
2004: 33311 12 14
2003: 343

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Mongolia, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2018: 6.1810
2017: 6.13
2016: 6.02
2015: 7.14
2014: 7.24
2013: 7.11
2012: 7.05
2011: 9.60
2010: 8.79
2009: 7.99
2008: 7.84
2007: 10.99
2006: 13.111 12 13
2005: 15.8
2004: 13.311 12 14
2003: 13.9

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Mongolia, annual male homicides by any means total

2018: 15115
2017: 146
2016: 145
2015: 163
2014: 159
2013: 149
2012: 142
2011: 206
2010: 172
2009: 160
2008: 163
2007: 227

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Mongolia, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 10.449
2015: 9.57
2014: 10.98
2013: 10.48
2012: 10.18
2011: 15.04
2010: 12.78
2009: 12.08
2008: 12.49
2007: 17.63

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Mongolia, annual female homicides by any means total

2016: 429
2015: 43
2014: 54
2013: 56
2012: 57
2011: 60
2010: 67
2009: 59
2008: 49
2007: 66

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Mongolia, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 2.729
2015: 2.86
2014: 3.66
2013: 3.87
2012: 4.02
2011: 4.31
2010: 4.90
2009: 4.39
2008: 3.70
2007: 5.06

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Mongolia, annual firearm homicides total

2016: 310
2015: 3
2014: 18
2013: 8
2012: 7
2011: 10
2010: 11
2009: 1111 12
2008: 13
2007: 18
2006: 711 12 13
2005: 16
2004: 2412 14
2003: 20

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Mongolia, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.1010
2015: 0.10
2014: 0.60
2013: 0.30
2012: 0.20
2011: 0.40
2010: 0.40
2009: 0.405 12
2008: 0.48
2007: 0.68
2006: 0.275 12 13
2005: 0.61
2004: 1.012 14
2003: 0.8

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Mongolia, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2012: 2%16
2011: 2%11
2010: 2%
2009: 5%
2008: 6%
2007: 6%
2006: 2%
2005: 4%
2004: 7.3%12
2003: 5.8%

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Mongolia, annual male firearm homicides total

2016: 59
2015: 210
2013: 6

Rate of Male Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Mongolia, the annual rate of male firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.349
2015: 0.1010
2013: 0.40

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Mongolia, annual female firearm homicides total

2016: 29
2015: 110
2013: 2

Rate of Female Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Mongolia, the annual rate of female firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.139
2015: 0.1010
2013: 0.10

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Mongolia, annual suicides by any means total

2016: 39217
2015: 391
2010: 450
2000: 429

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Mongolia, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 12.9317
2015: 13.06
2010: 16.17
2000: 17.43

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Mongolia, annual male suicides by any means total

2016: 33817
2015: 336
2010: 383
2000: 337

Rate of Male Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Mongolia, the annual rate of male suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 22.7617
2015: 22.90
2010: 27.93
2000: 27.55

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

In Mongolia, annual female suicides by any means total

2016: 639

Rate of Female Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Mongolia, the annual rate of female suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 3.4917
2015: 3.61
2010: 4.74
2000: 7.43

Gun Suicides

In Mongolia, annual firearm suicides total

2016: 159

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

In Mongolia, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.499

Male Gun Suicide Victims

In Mongolia, annual male firearm suicides total

2016: 159

Rate of Male Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

In Mongolia, the annual rate of male firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2016: 1.019

Unintentional Gun Deaths

In Mongolia, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2016: 39

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

In Mongolia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.109

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

In Mongolia, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2016: 39

Rate of Unintentional Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

In Mongolia, the annual rate of unintentional male shooting death per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.209

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

In Mongolia, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2016: 19

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

In Mongolia, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.039

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

In Mongolia, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2016: 19

Rate of Female Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

In Mongolia, the annual rate of unknown-cause female shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.069

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Mongolia, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is prohibited18

Home-made Guns

In Mongolia, the prevalence of illicit craft, or 'home-made' firearm manufacture is reported to be low19

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Mongolia, firearm and ammunition exports are not limited by transfer control law20

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Mongolia is reported by Customs to be US$12,80021 (2006)

Firearm Imports

In Mongolia, firearm and ammunition imports are not limited by transfer control law20

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Mongolia is reported by Customs to be US$634,68921 (2011)

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

Law Regulates Civilian Access to Firearms

In Mongolia, civilian possession of guns is regulated by law16

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Mongolia includes the Firearms Law of 2001, amended in 20144

Right to Possess Firearms

In Mongolia, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law22 23

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

Law Regulates Automatic Weapons

In Mongolia, civilian possession of automatic weapons is regulated by law16

Law Regulates Handguns

In Mongolia, civilian possession of handguns is regulated by law16

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Mongolia, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law16

Gun Ownership and Possession

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Mongolia are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm4

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Mongolia must pass a background check which considers undefined16 records

Firearm Safety Training

In Mongolia, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required4 for a firearm licence

Firearm Registration

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Mongolia, State agencies are required24 25 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Mongolia, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful4

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Mongolia include25 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Mongolia, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law16

MeasuresInternational Controls

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 200826 by Mongolia.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed, but not yet ratified27 by Mongolia

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified28 by Mongolia

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Mongolia committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects29

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Mongolia has yet to submit a national report30 31 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Mongolia, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated32 31

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Mongolia, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has not been designated31

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated31 by Mongolia to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Mongolia has not declared33 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Mongolia has been a Member State of the United Nations since 196134

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list35 Mongolia as a Participating State

BackgroundSustainable Development Goal Profile

About SDG 16

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are 17 goals set by the United Nations to be implemented by all member states by 2030. Adopted in 2015, they outline a vision of development in which peace and security are an integral part. SDG 16,36 which seeks to “promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development,” includes targets and indicators focused on reducing violence (Target 16.1) and the proliferation of illicit arms (Target 16.4). The indicators – or measurement criteria – of these targets include the number of victims of intentional homicide (Indicator 16.1.1), the number of conflict-related deaths (Indicator 16.1.2), and the number of illicit firearms collected and traced (Indicator 16.4.2). In light of these targets and indicators, GunPolicy.org provides granular national data pertaining to homicides, gun homicides, conflict deaths, disarmament efforts, and marking and tracing.

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Mongolia, annual homicides by any means total

2018: 19610
2017: 191
2016: 184
2015: 214
2014: 213
2013: 205
2012: 199
2011: 26611 12
2010: 239
2009: 219
2008: 212
2007: 293
2006: 33611 12 13
2005: 398
2004: 33311 12 14
2003: 343

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Mongolia, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2018: 6.1810
2017: 6.13
2016: 6.02
2015: 7.14
2014: 7.24
2013: 7.11
2012: 7.05
2011: 9.60
2010: 8.79
2009: 7.99
2008: 7.84
2007: 10.99
2006: 13.111 12 13
2005: 15.8
2004: 13.311 12 14
2003: 13.9

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Mongolia, annual male homicides by any means total

2018: 15115
2017: 146
2016: 145
2015: 163
2014: 159
2013: 149
2012: 142
2011: 206
2010: 172
2009: 160
2008: 163
2007: 227

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Mongolia, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 10.449
2015: 9.57
2014: 10.98
2013: 10.48
2012: 10.18
2011: 15.04
2010: 12.78
2009: 12.08
2008: 12.49
2007: 17.63

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Mongolia, annual female homicides by any means total

2016: 429
2015: 43
2014: 54
2013: 56
2012: 57
2011: 60
2010: 67
2009: 59
2008: 49
2007: 66

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Mongolia, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 2.729
2015: 2.86
2014: 3.66
2013: 3.87
2012: 4.02
2011: 4.31
2010: 4.90
2009: 4.39
2008: 3.70
2007: 5.06

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Mongolia, annual firearm homicides total

2016: 310
2015: 3
2014: 18
2013: 8
2012: 7
2011: 10
2010: 11
2009: 1111 12
2008: 13
2007: 18
2006: 711 12 13
2005: 16
2004: 2412 14
2003: 20

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Mongolia, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.1010
2015: 0.10
2014: 0.60
2013: 0.30
2012: 0.20
2011: 0.40
2010: 0.40
2009: 0.405 12
2008: 0.48
2007: 0.68
2006: 0.275 12 13
2005: 0.61
2004: 1.012 14
2003: 0.8

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Mongolia, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2012: 2%16
2011: 2%11
2010: 2%
2009: 5%
2008: 6%
2007: 6%
2006: 2%
2005: 4%
2004: 7.3%12
2003: 5.8%

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Mongolia, annual male firearm homicides total

2016: 59
2015: 210
2013: 6

Rate of Male Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Mongolia, the annual rate of male firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.349
2015: 0.1010
2013: 0.40

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Mongolia, annual female firearm homicides total

2016: 29
2015: 110
2013: 2

Rate of Female Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Mongolia, the annual rate of female firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.139
2015: 0.1010
2013: 0.10

Conflict Deaths

For a profile of conflict in Mongolia, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Disarmament

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Mongolia, it is not state policy25 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

Marking and Tracing

Firearm Marking

In Mongolia, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law24

Firearm Tracing

In Mongolia, state authorities do not carry out37 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Global Peace Index

To see where Mongolia ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index, and then click on Mongolia on the map or in the "Select Country" menu on the right of the web page


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