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Armed violence prevention, gun control laws and the small arms trade:

Monaco — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Monaco is

2017: 7,0001

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Monaco is

2017: 19.601

Government Guns

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Monaco are reported to have 1,0002 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Monaco, annual homicides by any means total

2015: 03
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 04 5
2007: 0
2006: 14 6
2005: 1
2004: 14 7
2001: 14

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Monaco, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.03
2013: 0.0
2012: 0.0
2011: 0.0
2010: 0.0
2009: 0.0
2008: 0.04 5
2007: 0.0
2006: 2.94 5 6
2005: 3.0
2004: 3.04 5 7
2001: 3.14

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Monaco, annual male homicides by any means total

2015: 08
2013: 0

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Monaco, annual firearm homicides total

2006: 04 6
2005: 0
2004: 17

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Monaco, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2006: 0.009 6
2005: 0.00
2004: 2.937

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Monaco, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2006: 0%4
2005: 0%
2004: 100%5

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Monaco, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence,10 11 but is not conducted in practice12

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Monaco, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law11 13

Firearm Exports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms exported from Monaco is reported by manufacturers to be

2018: 014
2017: 0

Firearm Imports

In Monaco, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law10 11 13

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Monaco is reported by Customs to be US$10,47315 (2009)

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Monaco is low16

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Monaco, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law11

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Monaco is categorised as restrictive17

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Monaco includes the Convention on good-neighbourliness between France and the Principality of Monaco of 18 May 196318 and the Act No. 913 on Weapons and Ammunition and its implementing legislation11

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Monaco are regulated by the Ministry of State19

Right to Possess Firearms

In Monaco, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law20 21

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

Regulation of Handguns

In Monaco, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence16

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Monaco, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law11

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Monaco, only licensed gun owners19 10 11 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Monaco are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting, target shooting, collection, personal protection19 11

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Monaco is 21 years16

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Monaco must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental health and domestic violence16 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Monaco, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are required16

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Monaco stipulates16 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Monaco, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required16 for a firearm licence

Licensing Records

In Monaco, authorities maintain a record22 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Monaco, the law requires22 23 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Monaco, licensed firearm dealers are required23 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Monaco, licensed gun makers are required23 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Monaco, State agencies are required24 12 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Monaco do not include16 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Monaco do not include12 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Monaco include16 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Monaco, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law22 25 26

Firearm Tracing

In Monaco, state authorities carry out27 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Monaco, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law11

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Monaco, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm28 is five years in prison and a fine11 10 22

MeasuresInternational Controls

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was not signed29 by Monaco.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been accessed30 by Monaco

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed, but not yet ratified31 22 by Monaco

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Monaco committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects32

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Monaco against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 13433 34 35 36 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Monaco has submitted one or more national reports37 38 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Monaco, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated39 38

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Monaco submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was not apparent38

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated38 by Monaco to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Monaco has not declared40 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Monaco has been a Member State of the United Nations since 199341

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list42 Monaco as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Monaco, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University


Short References

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19.

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23.

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24.

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