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Moldova — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Moldova is

2017: 121,0001
2007: 300,0002

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Moldova is

2017: 31
2007: 7.12

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

In Moldova, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be 6293

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

In Moldova, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be 24,7243

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

In Moldova, the number of handguns in civilian possession is reported to be 3,9603

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Moldova ranked at No. 1034

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Moldova ranked at No. 832

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

The number of licensed gun owners in Moldova is reported to be 26,6263

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

The rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in Moldova is 0.635

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Moldova is reported to be

2017: 54,6631
2007: 236,0002

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

The rate of registered guns per 100 people in Moldova is 5.985

Estimated Number of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms

ChartUnregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,6 but in Moldova there are estimated to be

2017: 66,3371
2006: 50,0007

Estimated Rate of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

Unregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,6 but in Moldova the rate of such firearms per 100 people is estimated to be 1.255

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Moldova are reported to have 98,6008 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Moldova are reported to have 21,0009 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Moldova, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2016: 2710
2015: 3210
2014: 2111 12 13 14
2013: 23
2012: 2911 12 13 14 15
2011: 3716
2010: 2611 12 13 14
2009: 2111 12 14
2008: 2111 12 13 14
2007: 34
2006: 30
2005: 33
2004: 49
2003: 53
2002: 57
2001: 76
2000: 65
1999: 68
1998: 63
1997: 81
1996: 123

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Moldova, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.7710
2015: 0.90
2014: 0.59
2013: 0.64
2012: 0.79
2011: 1
2010: 0.70
2009: 0.56
2008: 0.55
2007: 0.88
2006: 0.77
2005: 0.84
2004: 1.23
2003: 1.31
2002: 1.39
2001: 1.84
2000: 1.55
1999: 1.61
1998: 1.48
1997: 1.88
1996: 2.84

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Moldova, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2016: 2610
2015: 3010
2014: 20
2013: 23
2012: 26
2011: 31
2010: 21
2009: 18
2008: 18
2007: 28

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Moldova, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2016: 110
2015: 210
2014: 1
2013: 0
2012: 3
2011: 6
2010: 5
2009: 3
2008: 3
2007: 6

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Moldova, annual homicides by any means total

2016: 17510
2015: 17610
2014: 184
2013: 236
2012: 207
2011: 196
2010: 248
2009: 231
2008: 262
2007: 246
2006: 26217 18 19
2005: 296
2004: 27717 18 20
2003: 319
2002: 39917 18 21
2001: 410
2000: 43317 18 22
1999: 38018 22
1998: 357
1997: 39818 23
1996: 400
1995: 395

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Moldova, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 4.9910
2015: 4.96
2014: 5.13
2013: 6.52
2012: 5.66
2011: 5.31
2010: 6.65
2009: 6.13
2008: 6.87
2007: 6.38
2006: 7.117 18 19 24
2005: 7.9
2004: 7.217 18 20 24
2003: 8.2
2002: 10.117 18 21 24
2001: 10.1
2000: 10.517 18 22 24
1999: 9.118 22 24
1998: 8.5
1997: 9.318 23 24
1996: 9.3
1995: 9.1

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Moldova, annual male homicides by any means total

2016: 13410
2015: 11610
2014: 131
2013: 175
2012: 137
2011: 140
2010: 171
2009: 151
2008: 187
2007: 155

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Moldova, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2014: 4.1925
2013: 5.77
2012: 8.47
2011: 12.65
2010: 10.85
2009: 8.89
2008: 7.35
2007: 7.52

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Moldova, annual female homicides by any means total

2016: 4110
2015: 6010
2014: 53
2013: 61
2012: 70
2011: 56
2010: 77
2009: 80
2008: 75
2007: 91

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Moldova, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2014: 2.2725
2013: 2.65
2012: 2.98
2011: 2.65
2010: 2.55
2009: 3.34
2008: 4.26
2007: 3.17

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Moldova, annual firearm homicides total

2016: 1110
2015: 810
2014: 711
2013: 9
2012: 15
2011: 16
2010: 9
2009: 1111 17 18
2008: 11
2007: 15
2006: 20
2005: 19
2004: 2411 18
2003: 31
2002: 42
2001: 57
2000: 46
1999: 45
1998: 42
1997: 46
1996: 72
1995: 2723 18

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Moldova, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.3110
2015: 0.23
2014: 0.20
2013: 0.25
2012: 0.41
2011: 0.43
2010: 0.24
2009: 0.29
2008: 0.29
2007: 0.39
2006: 0.56
2005: 0.53
2004: 0.6711 18
2003: 0.86
2002: 1.16
2001: 1.57
2000: 1.26
1999: 1.23
1998: 1.15
1997: 1.26
1996: 1.67
1995: 0.6223 18

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Moldova, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2012: 5%17
2011: 4%17 26
2010: 2%17
2009: 3%
2008: 3%
2007: 3%
2006: 5%
2005: 5%
2004: 6.6%18
2003: 4.5%
2002: 5.0%
2001: 8.3%
2000: 4.8%
1999: 8.2%
1998: 5.9%
1997: 5.3%
1996: 7.6%
1995: 6.7%

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Moldova, annual male firearm homicides total

2016: 1110
2015: 7
2014: 6
2013: 9
2012: 12
2011: 10
2010: 7
2009: 9
2008: 9
2007: 10

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Moldova, annual female firearm homicides total

2015: 110
2014: 1
2013: 0
2012: 3
2011: 6
2010: 2
2009: 2
2008: 2
2007: 5

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn Moldova, annual handgun homicides total

2014: 111
2013: 2
2011: 2
2009: 2
2008: 3
2007: 5
2006: 1
2004: 4
2003: 3
2002: 2
2001: 9
2000: 12
1999: 15
1998: 15
1997: 11
1996: 2

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Moldova, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0311
2013: 0.06
2011: 0.06
2009: 0.06
2008: 0.08
2007: 0.14
2006: 0.03
2004: 0.11
2003: 0.08
2002: 0.06
2001: 0.25
2000: 0.33
1999: 0.41
1998: 0.41
1997: 0.30
1996: 0.05

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn Moldova, annual long gun homicides total

2013: 111
2012: 1
2011: 2
2010: 1
2009: 1
2007: 2
2006: 3
2005: 2
2002: 2
2000: 3
1999: 3
1997: 3
1996: 36

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Moldova, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0311
2012: 0.03
2011: 0.06
2010: 0.03
2009: 0.03
2007: 0.06
2006: 0.08
2005: 0.06
2002: 0.05
2000: 0.08
1999: 0.08
1997: 0.08
1996: 0.83

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn Moldova, annual gun homicides (other) total

2014: 611
2013: 6
2012: 14
2011: 12
2010: 8
2009: 8
2008: 8
2007: 8
2006: 16
2005: 17
2004: 20
2003: 28
2002: 38
2001: 48
2000: 31
1999: 27
1998: 27
1997: 32
1996: 34

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Moldova, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.1711
2013: 0.17
2012: 0.39
2011: 0.34
2010: 0.22
2009: 0.22
2008: 0.22
2007: 0.22
2006: 0.45
2005: 0.47
2004: 0.55
2003: 0.78
2002: 1.05
2001: 1.32
2000: 0.85
1999: 0.74
1998: 0.74
1997: 0.88
1996: 0.79

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Moldova, annual suicides by any means total

2016: 54610
2015: 55610
2014: 581
2013: 576
2012: 571
2011: 502
2010: 676
2009: 651
2008: 620
2007: 562
1999: 57927

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Moldova, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 15.5510
2015: 15.68
2014: 16.21
2013: 15.91
2012: 15.61
2011: 13.59
2010: 18.11
2009: 17.26
2008: 16.27
2007: 14.58
1999: 13.5727

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Moldova, annual male suicides by any means total

2016: 46210
2015: 46410
2014: 498
2013: 487
2012: 469
2011: 430
2010: 579
2009: 556
2008: 517
2007: 482

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Moldova, annual female suicides by any means total

2016: 8410
2015: 9210
2014: 83
2013: 89
2012: 102
2011: 72
2010: 97
2009: 95
2008: 103
2007: 80

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Moldova, annual firearm suicides total

2016: 910
2015: 1410
2014: 612
2013: 9
2012: 812 15
2011: 1512
2010: 10
2009: 6
2008: 5
2007: 8
2006: 4
2005: 7
2004: 13
2003: 14
2002: 11
2001: 11
2000: 8
1999: 7
1998: 9
1997: 18
1996: 23

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Moldova, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.2610
2015: 0.39
2014: 0.17
2013: 0.25
2012: 0.22
2011: 0.41
2010: 0.27
2009: 0.16
2008: 0.13
2007: 0.21
2006: 0.11
2005: 0.19
2004: 0.36
2003: 0.39
2002: 0.3
2001: 0.3
2000: 0.22
1999: 0.19
1998: 0.25
1997: 0.49
1996: 0.53

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Moldova, annual male firearm suicides total

2016: 910
2015: 1310
2014: 6
2013: 9
2012: 8
2011: 15
2010: 9
2009: 5
2008: 5
2007: 8

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Moldova, annual female firearm suicides total

2015: 110
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 1
2009: 1

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn Moldova, annual handgun suicides total

2014: 112
2013: 2
2011: 4
2009: 1
2008: 1
2007: 3
2005: 1
2004: 2
2002: 1
2001: 3
2000: 1
1999: 2
1998: 1
1997: 3
1996: 11

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Moldova, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0312
2013: 0.06
2011: 0.11
2009: 0.03
2008: 0.03
2007: 0.08
2005: 0.03
2004: 0.06
2002: 0.03
2001: 0.08
2000: 0.03
1999: 0.05
1998: 0.03
1997: 0.08
1996: 0.25

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn Moldova, the number of long gun suicides is

2013: 112
2012: 1
2011: 1
2010: 2
2008: 1
2007: 1
2006: 1
2003: 1
2002: 1
2001: 1
2000: 1
1999: 2
1998: 1
1997: 3
1996: 1

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Moldova, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0312
2012: 0.03
2011: 0.03
2010: 0.06
2008: 0.03
2007: 0.03
2006: 0.03
2003: 0.03
2002: 0.03
2001: 0.03
2000: 0.03
1999: 0.05
1998: 0.03
1997: 0.08
1996: 0.02

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn Moldova, annual gun suicides (other) total

2014: 512
2013: 6
2012: 7
2011: 10
2010: 8
2009: 5
2008: 3
2007: 4
2006: 3
2005: 6
2004: 11
2003: 13
2002: 9
2001: 7
2000: 6
1999: 3
1998: 7
1997: 12
1996: 11

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Moldova, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.1412
2013: 0.17
2012: 0.20
2011: 0.28
2010: 0.22
2009: 0.14
2008: 0.08
2007: 0.11
2006: 0.08
2005: 0.17
2004: 0.31
2003: 0.36
2002: 0.25
2001: 0.19
2000: 0.16
1999: 0.08
1998: 0.19
1997: 0.33
1996: 0.25

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Moldova, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2016: 210
2015: 310
2014: 313
2013: 2
2012: 313 15
2011: 313
2010: 2
2008: 1
2007: 2
2006: 5
2005: 3
2004: 3
2003: 4
2002: 3
2001: 5
2000: 6
1999: 9
1998: 6
1997: 11
1996: 22

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Moldova, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.0610
2015: 0.08
2014: 0.08
2013: 0.06
2012: 0.08
2011: 0.08
2010: 0.05
2008: 0.03
2007: 0.05
2006: 0.14
2005: 0.08
2004: 0.08
2003: 0.11
2002: 0.08
2001: 0.14
2000: 0.16
1999: 0.25
1998: 0.16
1997: 0.3
1996: 0.51

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Moldova, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2016: 210
2015: 310
2014: 3
2013: 2
2012: 3
2011: 3
2010: 2
2008: 1
2007: 2

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Moldova, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2015: 010
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Unintentional Handgun Deaths

ChartIn Moldova, annual unintentional shooting deaths by handgun total

2011: 113
2007: 1
2002: 1
2000: 1
1999: 2
1997: 3
1996: 1

Rate of Unintentional Handgun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Moldova, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by handgun per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.0313
2007: 0.03
2002: 0.03
2000: 0.03
1999: 0.05
1997: 0.08
1996: 0.02

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn Moldova, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2014: 113
2012: 2
2004: 2
2000: 1
1999: 4
1997: 1
1996: 2

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Moldova, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0313
2012: 0.06
2004: 0.06
2000: 0.03
1999: 0.11
1997: 0.03
1996: 0.05

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn Moldova, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2014: 213
2013: 2
2012: 1
2011: 2
2010: 2
2008: 1
2007: 1
2006: 5
2005: 3
2004: 1
2003: 4
2002: 2
2001: 5
2000: 4
1999: 3
1998: 6
1997: 7
1996: 19

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Moldova, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0613
2013: 0.06
2012: 0.03
2011: 0.06
2010: 0.06
2008: 0.03
2007: 0.03
2006: 0.14
2005: 0.08
2004: 0.03
2003: 0.11
2002: 0.06
2001: 0.14
2000: 0.11
1999: 0.08
1998: 0.16
1997: 0.19
1996: 0.44

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Moldova, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2016: 510
2015: 710
2014: 514
2013: 3
2012: 314 15
2011: 314
2010: 5
2009: 4
2008: 4
2007: 9
2006: 1
2005: 4
2004: 9
2003: 4
2002: 1
2001: 3
2000: 5
1999: 7
1998: 6
1997: 6
1996: 6

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Moldova, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.1410
2015: 0.20
2014: 0.14
2013: 0.08
2012: 0.08
2011: 0.08
2010: 0.13
2009: 0.11
2008: 0.10
2007: 0.23
2006: 0.03
2005: 0.11
2004: 0.25
2003: 0.11
2002: 0.03
2001: 0.08
2000: 0.14
1999: 0.19
1998: 0.16
1997: 0.16
1996: 0.14

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Moldova, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2016: 410
2015: 710
2014: 5
2013: 3
2012: 3
2011: 3
2010: 3
2009: 4
2008: 3
2007: 8

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Moldova, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2016: 110
2015: 010
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 2
2008: 1
2007: 1

Handgun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Moldova, annual deaths by handgun in which the cause remains undecided total

2013: 114
2011: 2
2010: 3
2008: 1
2007: 5
2006: 1
2004: 4
2001: 2
2000: 2
1999: 1
1998: 2
1997: 1

Rate of Handgun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Moldova, the annual rate of unknown-cause handgun deaths per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0314
2011: 0.06
2010: 0.08
2008: 0.03
2007: 0.14
2006: 0.03
2004: 0.11
2001: 0.06
2000: 0.06
1999: 0.03
1998: 0.05
1997: 0.03

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Moldova, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 114
2010: 2
2009: 2
2007: 1
2003: 2
1999: 1
1997: 1
1996: 3

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Moldova, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0314
2010: 0.06
2009: 0.06
2007: 0.03
2003: 0.06
1999: 0.03
1997: 0.03
1996: 0.07

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Moldova, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 414
2013: 2
2012: 3
2011: 1
2009: 2
2008: 3
2007: 3
2005: 4
2004: 5
2003: 2
2002: 1
2001: 1
2000: 3
1999: 5
1998: 4
1997: 4
1996: 3

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Moldova, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.1114
2013: 0.06
2012: 0.08
2011: 0.03
2009: 0.06
2008: 0.08
2007: 0.08
2005: 0.11
2004: 0.14
2003: 0.06
2002: 0.03
2001: 0.03
2000: 0.08
1999: 0.14
1998: 0.11
1997: 0.11
1996: 0.07

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Moldova, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is prohibited outside the monopoly of State, except ammunition designed for hunting weapons28 29 30 31 32

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Moldova, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law33 34 35 36 37 38

Firearm Exports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms exported from Moldova is reported by manufacturers to be

2018: 1,60039
2017: 25
2016: 2

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Moldova is reported by Customs to be US$56840 (2009)

Firearm Imports

In Moldova, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law41 33 38 42

Firearm Imports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms imported to Moldova is reported to be

2018: 2,93839
2017: 2,824
2016: 1,712
2008: 2,93543

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Moldova is reported by Customs to be US$1,807,43840 (2011)

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Moldova is moderate44

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Moldova, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law45

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Moldova include35 36 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Moldova is categorised as restrictive46

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Moldova includes the Weapons Law 1998,47 48 Act No. 451-XV on Licensing Regulation of Business Activities, of 2001, and Act No. 1163-XIV on Control of Export, Re-Transfer, Import and Transit of Strategic Materials,200033

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Moldova are regulated by the Government, the Parliament, the Ministry of Internal Affairs, the Interdepartmental Commission for the Control of Export, Re-transfer, Import and Transit of Strategic Materials and the local Police authorities49 41 50 51 52 53 54

Right to Possess Firearms

In Moldova, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law55 56 57 58 59

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Moldova, civilians are not allowed to possess military weapons or any firearms other than hunting weapons, collector's weapons, and revolvers and/or pistols58 60

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Moldova, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited58 60 26

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Moldova, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is prohibited58 60

Regulation of Handguns

In Moldova, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence58 26

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Moldova, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law26

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Moldova, only licensed gun owners59 61 62 63 26 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Moldova are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example self-defence, hunting, target shooting, training, collection64 58 65 60 66

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Moldova is 18 years58

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Moldova must pass a background check which considers criminal, medical, mental health and addiction61 58 26 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Moldova, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required67

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Moldova does not stipulate67 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Moldova, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is not required67 3 for a firearm licence

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Moldova are permitted to possess any number of firearms67

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Moldova are permitted to possess any quantity of ammunition67

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Moldova, the law requires68 69 70 71 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Moldova, licensed firearm dealers are not required67 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Moldova, State agencies are required72 73 74 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Moldova, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited unless registered with Police69 75

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Moldova, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful75

Background Checks for Private Gun Sales

The buyer of a firearm in a private sale in Moldova is obliged61 to pass official background checks before taking possession

Background Checks for Dealer Gun Sales

The buyer of a firearm from a licensed gun dealer in Moldova is obliged61 to pass official background checks before taking possession

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In Moldova, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is undetermined67

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Moldova, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are not regulated67 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Moldova include70 76 77 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Moldova do not include67 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Moldova include73 78 79 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Moldova include70 80 81 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Moldova, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law29 72 82 83

Firearm Tracing

In Moldova, state authorities carry out84 85 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Moldova, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are71 recorded in a register

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Moldova, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit76 62 63 66 26

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Moldova, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit76 62 63 66 26

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Moldova, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm86 is two to five years in prison and a fine of up to 600 conventional units87 88

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in Moldova are known to have89 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

In Moldova, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2011: 1,03690

Small Arms Destroyed

In Moldova, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be 9,67889

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Moldova, it is state policy89 91 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was not signed92 by Moldova.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified93 by Moldova

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified94 by Moldova

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Moldova against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 4595 96 97 98 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Moldova has submitted one or more national reports99 85 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Moldova, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated100 85

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Moldova, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated85

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Moldova submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent85

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated85 by Moldova to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided85 to Moldova by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Moldova has not declared101 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Moldova has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1992102

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list103 Moldova as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Moldova, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Moldova ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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