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Moldova — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Moldova is

2017: 121,0001
2007: 300,0002

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Moldova is

2017: 31
2007: 7.12

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

In Moldova, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be 6293

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

In Moldova, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be 24,7243

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

In Moldova, the number of handguns in civilian possession is reported to be 3,9603

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Moldova ranked at No. 1034

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Moldova ranked at No. 832

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

The number of licensed gun owners in Moldova is reported to be 26,6263

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

The rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in Moldova is 0.635

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Moldova is reported to be

2017: 54,6631
2007: 236,0002

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

The rate of registered guns per 100 people in Moldova is 5.985

Estimated Number of Illicit Firearms

ChartUnlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Moldova there are estimated to be

2017: 66,3371
2006: 50,0006

Estimated Rate of Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Moldova the rate of illicit firearms per 100 people is estimated to be 1.255

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Moldova are reported to have 98,6007 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Moldova are reported to have 21,0008 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Moldova, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2015: 329
2014: 2110 11 12 13
2013: 23
2012: 2910 11 12 13 14
2011: 3715
2010: 2610 11 12 13
2009: 2110 11 13
2008: 2110 11 12 13
2007: 34
2006: 30
2005: 33
2004: 49
2003: 53
2002: 57
2001: 76
2000: 65
1999: 68
1998: 63
1997: 81
1996: 123

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Moldova, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.909
2014: 0.59
2013: 0.64
2012: 0.79
2011: 1
2010: 0.70
2009: 0.56
2008: 0.55
2007: 0.88
2006: 0.77
2005: 0.84
2004: 1.23
2003: 1.31
2002: 1.39
2001: 1.84
2000: 1.55
1999: 1.61
1998: 1.48
1997: 1.88
1996: 2.84

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Moldova, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2015: 309
2014: 20
2013: 23
2012: 26
2011: 31
2010: 21

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Moldova, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2015: 29
2014: 1
2013: 0
2012: 3
2011: 6
2010: 5

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Moldova, annual homicides by any means total

2015: 1769
2014: 184
2013: 236
2012: 207
2011: 196
2010: 248
2009: 246
2008: 236
2007: 217
2006: 26216 17 18
2005: 296
2004: 27716 17 19
2003: 319
2002: 39916 17 20
2001: 410
2000: 43316 17 21
1999: 38017 21
1998: 357
1997: 39817 22
1996: 400
1995: 395

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Moldova, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.909
2014: 0.59
2013: 0.64
2012: 0.79
2011: 1
2010: 0.70
2009: 6.8
2008: 6.516 17 23
2007: 5.9
2006: 7.116 17 18 23
2005: 7.9
2004: 7.216 17 19 23
2003: 8.2
2002: 10.116 17 20 23
2001: 10.1
2000: 10.516 17 21 23
1999: 9.117 21 23
1998: 8.5
1997: 9.317 22 23
1996: 9.3
1995: 9.1

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Moldova, annual male homicides by any means total

2015: 1169
2014: 131
2013: 175
2012: 137
2011: 140
2010: 171

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Moldova, annual female homicides by any means total

2015: 609
2014: 53
2013: 61
2012: 70
2011: 56
2010: 77

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Moldova, annual firearm homicides total

2015: 89
2014: 710
2013: 9
2012: 15
2011: 16
2010: 9
2009: 1110 16 17
2008: 11
2007: 15
2006: 20
2005: 19
2004: 2410 17
2003: 31
2002: 42
2001: 57
2000: 46
1999: 45
1998: 42
1997: 46
1996: 72
1995: 2722 17

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Moldova, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.239
2014: 0.20
2013: 0.25
2012: 0.41
2011: 0.43
2010: 0.24
2009: 0.3110 5 17
2008: 0.31
2007: 0.42
2006: 0.56
2005: 0.53
2004: 0.6710 17
2003: 0.86
2002: 1.16
2001: 1.57
2000: 1.26
1999: 1.23
1998: 1.15
1997: 1.26
1996: 1.67
1995: 0.6222 17

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Moldova, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2012: 5%16
2011: 4%16 24
2010: 2%16
2009: 3%
2008: 3%
2007: 3%
2006: 5%
2005: 5%
2004: 6.6%17
2003: 4.5%
2002: 5.0%
2001: 8.3%
2000: 4.8%
1999: 8.2%
1998: 5.9%
1997: 5.3%
1996: 7.6%
1995: 6.7%

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Moldova, annual male firearm homicides total

2015: 69
2014: 6
2013: 9
2012: 12
2011: 10
2010: 7

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Moldova, annual female firearm homicides total

2015: 19
2014: 1
2013: 0
2012: 3
2011: 6
2010: 2

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn Moldova, annual handgun homicides total

2014: 110
2013: 2
2011: 2
2009: 2
2008: 3
2007: 5
2006: 1
2004: 4
2003: 3
2002: 2
2001: 9
2000: 12
1999: 15
1998: 15
1997: 11
1996: 2

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Moldova, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0310
2013: 0.06
2011: 0.06
2009: 0.06
2008: 0.08
2007: 0.14
2006: 0.03
2004: 0.11
2003: 0.08
2002: 0.06
2001: 0.25
2000: 0.33
1999: 0.41
1998: 0.41
1997: 0.30
1996: 0.05

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn Moldova, annual long gun homicides total

2013: 110
2012: 1
2011: 2
2010: 1
2009: 1
2007: 2
2006: 3
2005: 2
2002: 2
2000: 3
1999: 3
1997: 3
1996: 36

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Moldova, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0310
2012: 0.03
2011: 0.06
2010: 0.03
2009: 0.03
2007: 0.06
2006: 0.08
2005: 0.06
2002: 0.05
2000: 0.08
1999: 0.08
1997: 0.08
1996: 0.83

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn Moldova, annual gun homicides (other) total

2014: 610
2013: 6
2012: 14
2011: 12
2010: 8
2009: 8
2008: 8
2007: 8
2006: 16
2005: 17
2004: 20
2003: 28
2002: 38
2001: 48
2000: 31
1999: 27
1998: 27
1997: 32
1996: 34

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Moldova, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.1710
2013: 0.17
2012: 0.39
2011: 0.34
2010: 0.22
2009: 0.22
2008: 0.22
2007: 0.22
2006: 0.45
2005: 0.47
2004: 0.55
2003: 0.78
2002: 1.05
2001: 1.32
2000: 0.85
1999: 0.74
1998: 0.74
1997: 0.88
1996: 0.79

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Moldova, annual suicides by any means total

2015: 5569
2014: 581
2013: 576
2012: 571
2011: 502
2010: 676
1999: 57925

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Moldova, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 15.689
2014: 16.21
2013: 15.91
2012: 15.61
2011: 13.59
2010: 18.11
1999: 13.5725

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Moldova, annual male suicides by any means total

2015: 4649
2014: 498
2013: 487
2012: 469
2011: 430
2010: 579

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Moldova, annual female suicides by any means total

2015: 929
2014: 83
2013: 89
2012: 102
2011: 72
2010: 97

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Moldova, annual firearm suicides total

2015: 149
2014: 611
2013: 9
2012: 811 14
2011: 1511
2010: 10
2009: 6
2008: 5
2007: 8
2006: 4
2005: 7
2004: 13
2003: 14
2002: 11
2001: 11
2000: 8
1999: 7
1998: 9
1997: 18
1996: 23

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Moldova, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.399
2014: 0.17
2013: 0.25
2012: 0.22
2011: 0.41
2010: 0.27
2009: 0.17
2008: 0.14
2007: 0.22
2006: 0.11
2005: 0.19
2004: 0.36
2003: 0.39
2002: 0.3
2001: 0.3
2000: 0.22
1999: 0.19
1998: 0.25
1997: 0.49
1996: 0.53

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Moldova, annual male firearm suicides total

2015: 139
2014: 6
2013: 9
2012: 8
2011: 15
2010: 9

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Moldova, annual female firearm suicides total

2015: 19
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 1

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn Moldova, annual handgun suicides total

2014: 111
2013: 2
2011: 4
2009: 1
2008: 1
2007: 3
2005: 1
2004: 2
2002: 1
2001: 3
2000: 1
1999: 2
1998: 1
1997: 3
1996: 11

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Moldova, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0311
2013: 0.06
2011: 0.11
2009: 0.03
2008: 0.03
2007: 0.08
2005: 0.03
2004: 0.06
2002: 0.03
2001: 0.08
2000: 0.03
1999: 0.05
1998: 0.03
1997: 0.08
1996: 0.25

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn Moldova, the number of long gun suicides is

2013: 111
2012: 1
2011: 1
2010: 2
2008: 1
2007: 1
2006: 1
2003: 1
2002: 1
2001: 1
2000: 1
1999: 2
1998: 1
1997: 3
1996: 1

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Moldova, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0311
2012: 0.03
2011: 0.03
2010: 0.06
2008: 0.03
2007: 0.03
2006: 0.03
2003: 0.03
2002: 0.03
2001: 0.03
2000: 0.03
1999: 0.05
1998: 0.03
1997: 0.08
1996: 0.02

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn Moldova, annual gun suicides (other) total

2014: 511
2013: 6
2012: 7
2011: 10
2010: 8
2009: 5
2008: 3
2007: 4
2006: 3
2005: 6
2004: 11
2003: 13
2002: 9
2001: 7
2000: 6
1999: 3
1998: 7
1997: 12
1996: 11

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Moldova, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.1411
2013: 0.17
2012: 0.20
2011: 0.28
2010: 0.22
2009: 0.14
2008: 0.08
2007: 0.11
2006: 0.08
2005: 0.17
2004: 0.31
2003: 0.36
2002: 0.25
2001: 0.19
2000: 0.16
1999: 0.08
1998: 0.19
1997: 0.33
1996: 0.25

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Moldova, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2015: 39
2014: 312
2013: 2
2012: 312 14
2011: 312
2010: 2
2008: 1
2007: 2
2006: 5
2005: 3
2004: 3
2003: 4
2002: 3
2001: 5
2000: 6
1999: 9
1998: 6
1997: 11
1996: 22

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Moldova, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.209
2014: 0.14
2013: 0.08
2012: 0.08
2011: 0.08
2010: 0.13
2008: 0.03
2007: 0.06
2006: 0.14
2005: 0.08
2004: 0.08
2003: 0.11
2002: 0.08
2001: 0.14
2000: 0.16
1999: 0.25
1998: 0.16
1997: 0.3
1996: 0.51

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Moldova, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2015: 39
2014: 3
2013: 2
2012: 3
2011: 3
2010: 2

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Moldova, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2015: 09
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Unintentional Handgun Deaths

ChartIn Moldova, annual unintentional shooting deaths by handgun total

2011: 112
2007: 1
2002: 1
2000: 1
1999: 2
1997: 3
1996: 1

Rate of Unintentional Handgun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Moldova, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by handgun per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.0312
2007: 0.03
2002: 0.03
2000: 0.03
1999: 0.05
1997: 0.08
1996: 0.02

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn Moldova, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2014: 112
2012: 2
2004: 2
2000: 1
1999: 4
1997: 1
1996: 2

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Moldova, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0312
2012: 0.06
2004: 0.06
2000: 0.03
1999: 0.11
1997: 0.03
1996: 0.05

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn Moldova, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2014: 212
2013: 2
2012: 1
2011: 2
2010: 2
2008: 1
2007: 1
2006: 5
2005: 3
2004: 1
2003: 4
2002: 2
2001: 5
2000: 4
1999: 3
1998: 6
1997: 7
1996: 19

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Moldova, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0612
2013: 0.06
2012: 0.03
2011: 0.06
2010: 0.06
2008: 0.03
2007: 0.03
2006: 0.14
2005: 0.08
2004: 0.03
2003: 0.11
2002: 0.06
2001: 0.14
2000: 0.11
1999: 0.08
1998: 0.16
1997: 0.19
1996: 0.44

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Moldova, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2015: 79
2014: 513
2013: 3
2012: 313 14
2011: 313
2010: 5
2009: 4
2008: 4
2007: 9
2006: 1
2005: 4
2004: 9
2003: 4
2002: 1
2001: 3
2000: 5
1999: 7
1998: 6
1997: 6
1996: 6

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Moldova, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.1413
2013: 0.08
2012: 0.08
2011: 0.08
2010: 0.14
2009: 0.11
2008: 0.11
2007: 0.25
2006: 0.03
2005: 0.11
2004: 0.25
2003: 0.11
2002: 0.03
2001: 0.08
2000: 0.14
1999: 0.19
1998: 0.16
1997: 0.16
1996: 0.14

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Moldova, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2015: 79
2014: 5
2013: 3
2012: 3
2011: 3
2010: 3

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Moldova, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2015: 09
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 2

Handgun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Moldova, annual deaths by handgun in which the cause remains undecided total

2013: 113
2011: 2
2010: 3
2008: 1
2007: 5
2006: 1
2004: 4
2001: 2
2000: 2
1999: 1
1998: 2
1997: 1

Rate of Handgun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Moldova, the annual rate of unknown-cause handgun deaths per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0313
2011: 0.06
2010: 0.08
2008: 0.03
2007: 0.14
2006: 0.03
2004: 0.11
2001: 0.06
2000: 0.06
1999: 0.03
1998: 0.05
1997: 0.03

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Moldova, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 113
2010: 2
2009: 2
2007: 1
2003: 2
1999: 1
1997: 1
1996: 3

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Moldova, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0313
2010: 0.06
2009: 0.06
2007: 0.03
2003: 0.06
1999: 0.03
1997: 0.03
1996: 0.07

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Moldova, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 413
2013: 2
2012: 3
2011: 1
2009: 2
2008: 3
2007: 3
2005: 4
2004: 5
2003: 2
2002: 1
2001: 1
2000: 3
1999: 5
1998: 4
1997: 4
1996: 3

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Moldova, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.1113
2013: 0.06
2012: 0.08
2011: 0.03
2009: 0.06
2008: 0.08
2007: 0.08
2005: 0.11
2004: 0.14
2003: 0.06
2002: 0.03
2001: 0.03
2000: 0.08
1999: 0.14
1998: 0.11
1997: 0.11
1996: 0.07

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Moldova, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is prohibited outside the monopoly of State, except ammunition designed for hunting weapons26 27 28 29 30

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Moldova, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law31 32 33 34 35 36

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Moldova is reported by Customs to be US$56837 (2009)

Firearm Imports

In Moldova, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law38 31 36 39

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Moldova is reported by Customs to be US$1,807,43837 (2011)

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Moldova is moderate40

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Moldova, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law41

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Moldova include33 34 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Moldova is categorised as restrictive42

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Moldova includes the Weapons Law 1998,43 44 Act No. 451-XV on Licensing Regulation of Business Activities, of 2001, and Act No. 1163-XIV on Control of Export, Re-Transfer, Import and Transit of Strategic Materials,200031

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Moldova are regulated by the Government, the Parliament, the Ministry of Internal Affairs, the Interdepartmental Commission for the Control of Export, Re-transfer, Import and Transit of Strategic Materials and the local Police authorities45 38 46 47 48 49 50

Right to Possess Firearms

In Moldova, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law51 52 53 54 55

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Moldova, civilians are not allowed to possess military weapons or any firearms other than hunting weapons, collector's weapons, and revolvers and/or pistols54 56

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Moldova, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited54 56 24

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Moldova, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is prohibited54 56

Regulation of Handguns

In Moldova, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence54 24

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Moldova, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law24

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Moldova, only licensed gun owners55 57 58 59 24 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Moldova are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example self-defence, hunting, target shooting, training, collection60 54 61 56 62

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Moldova is 18 years54

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Moldova must pass a background check which considers criminal, medical, mental health and addiction57 54 24 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Moldova, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required63

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Moldova does not stipulate63 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Moldova, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is not required63 3 for a firearm licence

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Moldova are permitted to possess any number of firearms63

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Moldova are permitted to possess any quantity of ammunition63

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Moldova, the law requires64 65 66 67 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Moldova, licensed firearm dealers are not required63 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Moldova, State agencies are required68 69 70 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Moldova, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited unless registered with Police65 71

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Moldova, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful71

Background Checks for Private Gun Sales

The buyer of a firearm in a private sale in Moldova is obliged57 to pass official background checks before taking possession

Background Checks for Dealer Gun Sales

The buyer of a firearm from a licensed gun dealer in Moldova is obliged57 to pass official background checks before taking possession

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In Moldova, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is undetermined63

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Moldova, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are not regulated63 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Moldova include66 72 73 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Moldova do not include63 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Moldova include69 74 75 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Moldova include66 76 77 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Moldova, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law27 68 78 79

Firearm Tracing

In Moldova, state authorities carry out80 81 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Moldova, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are67 recorded in a register

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Moldova, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit72 58 59 62 24

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Moldova, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit72 58 59 62 24

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Moldova, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm82 is two to five years in prison and a fine of up to 600 conventional units83 84

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in Moldova are known to have85 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

In Moldova, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2011: 1,03686

Small Arms Destroyed

In Moldova, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be 9,67885

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Moldova, it is state policy85 87 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was not signed88 by Moldova.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified89 by Moldova

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified90 by Moldova

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Moldova against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 4591 92 93 94 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Moldova has submitted one or more national reports95 81 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Moldova, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated96 81

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Moldova, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated81

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Moldova submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent81

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated81 by Moldova to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided81 to Moldova by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Moldova has not declared97 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Moldova has been a Member State of the United Nations since 199298

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list99 Moldova as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Moldova, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Moldova ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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