Find Gun Policy Facts

Armed violence prevention, gun control laws and the small arms trade:

Micronesia (FSM) — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Micronesia (FSM) is

2017: 7001
2002: 6122

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Micronesia (FSM) is

2017: 0.701
2002: 0.492

Number of Registered Firearms

The number of registered guns in Micronesia (FSM) is reported to be

2002: 6122

Government Guns

Routine Arming of Police

In Micronesia (FSM), police officers on routine patrol carry one or more firearms3

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Micronesia (FSM) are reported to have 2004 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Micronesia (FSM), annual homicides by any means total

2015: 45
2012: 56
2010: 5
2008: 17
2000: 68

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Micronesia (FSM), the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 4.645
2012: 4.66
2010: 4.34
2008: 0.97
2000: 5.569

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Micronesia (FSM), annual male homicides by any means total

2015: 410
2010: 310

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

In Micronesia (FSM), the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 6.8710

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Micronesia (FSM), annual female homicides by any means total

2015: 110
2010: 1

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

In Micronesia (FSM), the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 2.3710

Suicides (any method)

In Micronesia (FSM), annual suicides by any means total

2000: 118

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

In Micronesia (FSM), the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2000: 10.199

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Micronesia (FSM), the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence, but is not conducted in practice11

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Micronesia (FSM), firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law12

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Micronesia (FSM) is reported by Customs to be US$1,90013 (2003)

Firearm Imports

In Micronesia (FSM), firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law12

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Micronesia (FSM) is reported by Customs to be US$89,56013 (2009)

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Micronesia (FSM), the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are not specifically regulated by law14

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Micronesia (FSM) is categorised as permissive15

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Micronesia (FSM) includes the Trust Territory Weapons Control Act 1971, Weapons Control Act 1971, and the Weapons Prohibition Act 198116

Right to Possess Firearms

In Micronesia (FSM), the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law17 18

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Micronesia (FSM), civilians are not allowed to possess handguns, automatic firearms, any rifle larger than .22 calibre, any shotgun larger than .410 gauge or any other firearm19

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Micronesia (FSM), private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited19

Regulation of Handguns

In Micronesia (FSM), private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is prohibited19

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Micronesia (FSM), no civilian (in legislation but not in practise)20 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Micronesia (FSM) are not required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm20

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Micronesia (FSM) is 21 years21

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Micronesia (FSM) must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental health, medical and addiction22 records

Firearm Safety Training

In Micronesia (FSM), an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is not required23 for a firearm licence

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Micronesia (FSM), the law requires24 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Micronesia (FSM) include25 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Micronesia (FSM), a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law26

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Micronesia (FSM), carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is prohibited27

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Micronesia (FSM), the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm28 is up to three years in prison and/or a fine up to $1,00029

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

Pacific Islands Forum

As a member of the Pacific Islands Forum, Micronesia (FSM) adopted the March, 2000 Nadi Framework agreement, which aims to harmonise small arms-related legislation across Oceania. In August 2003, the Nadi Framework’s draft model Weapons Control Bill was unanimously accepted for consideration by all 16 member states of the Pacific Islands Forum30 31

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was not signed32 by Micronesia (FSM).

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has not been signed33 by Micronesia (FSM)

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has not been signed34 by Micronesia (FSM)

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Micronesia (FSM) committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects35

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Micronesia (FSM) has yet to submit a national report36 37 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Micronesia (FSM), a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has not been designated38 37

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Micronesia (FSM), a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has not been designated38 37

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Micronesia (FSM) submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was not apparent38 37

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated37 by Micronesia (FSM) to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Micronesia (FSM) has not declared39 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Micronesia (FSM) has been a Member State of the United Nations since 199140

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list41 Micronesia (FSM) as a Participating State


Short References

1.

Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Civilian Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Civilian-Held Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13434)Full Citation

2.

Alpers, Philip and Conor Twyford.2003.‘Civilian Firearm Ownership in Pacific Nations, 2002.’ Small Arms in the Pacific.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,31 March. (Q332)Full Citation

3.

Alpers, Philip and Conor Twyford.2003.‘Stockpiles and Trafficking in the Pacific: Police Inventories.’ Small Arms in the Pacific.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,31 March. (Q145)Full Citation

4.

Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Law Enforcement Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Law Enforcement Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13435)Full Citation

5.

UNODC.2017.‘Intentional Homicide Victims.’ Crime and Drugs Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,19 May. (Q13355)Full Citation

6.

UNODC.2014.‘Homicides in Micronesia (FSM).’ Global Study on Homicide 2013: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC),10 April. (Q10355)Full Citation

7.

UNODC.2013.‘Homicide in 207 Countries - Micronesia.’ Global Study on Homicide 2011: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,26 June. (Q6242)Full Citation

8.

WHO.2009.‘Western Pacific Region - Country profiles and health databanks.’ Country Health Information Profiles / CHIPS.Manila:World Health Organisation, Regional Office for the Western Pacific,19 August. (Q1889)Full Citation

9.

GunPolicy.org.2011.‘Calculated Rates - Micronesia (FSM).’ Historical Population Data - USCB International Data Base.Suitland, MD:US Census Bureau Population Division,19 August. (Q4342)Full Citation

10.

UNODC.2017.‘Intentional Homicide Victims by Sex.’ Crime and Drugs Data.Vienna:UNODC,19 May. (Q13356)Full Citation

11.

Alpers, Philip and Conor Twyford.2003.‘Pacific Small Arms Legislation: Domestic and regional issues.’ Small Arms in the Pacific.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,31 March. (Q356)Full Citation

12.

Micronesia (FSM).1971.‘Transfer of Firearms.’ Weapons Control Act (1971).Palikir:Congress of the Federated States of Micronesia,1 January. (Q360)Full Citation

13.

Marsh, Nicholas.2014.‘Database of Authorised Transfers of Small Arms and Light Weapons.’ NISAT Small Arms Trade Database.Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers,22 December. (Q16)Full Citation

14.

IANSA.2006.‘Reviewing Action on Small Arms 2006: Assessing the first five years of the UN Programme of Action.’ Biting the Bullet 'Red Book' 2006.New York, NY:International Action Network on Small Arms and the Biting the Bullet project,26 June. (Q82)Full Citation

15.

Newton, George D and Franklin E Zimring.1969.‘Firearm Licensing: Permissive v Restrictive.’ Firearms & Violence in American Life: A staff report submitted to the National Commission on the Causes and Prevention of Violence.Washington, DC:US Government Printing Office,1 January. (Q22)Full Citation

16.

Cukier, Wendy.2005.‘Military Assault Weapon Prohibitions by Country - Micronesia.’ The Feasibility of Increased Restrictions on the Civilian Possession of Military Assault Weapons at the Global Level.Waterloo, ON:Project Ploughshares, Small Arms Working Group of the Canadian Peacebuilding Coordinating Committee,1 April. (Q338)Full Citation

17.

Sherman, Amy and Tom Ginsburg.2014.‘Gun Rights in National Constitutions.’ Marco Rubio Says Second Amendment Is Unique in Speech to NRA.Miami, FL:Miami Herald (PolitiFact Florida),29 April. (Q8507)Full Citation

18.

Zachary Elkins, Tom Ginsburg and James Melton. 2013. ‘U.S. Gun Rights Truly Are American Exceptionalism.’ Bloomberg (USA). 7 March. (N422) Full Citation

19.

Micronesia (FSM).1971.‘Prohibited Types.’ Weapons Control Act (1971).Palikir:Congress of the Federated States of Micronesia,1 January. (Q347)Full Citation

20.

Micronesia (FSM).1981.‘Exemptions from Firearm Ban.’ Weapons Prohibition Act (1981).Palikir:Congress of the Federated States of Micronesia,31 December. (Q341)Full Citation

21.

Micronesia (FSM).1971.‘Licence Regulations.’ Weapons Control Act (1971).Palikir:Congress of the Federated States of Micronesia,1 January. (Q343)Full Citation

22.

Micronesia (FSM).1971.‘Licence Regulations.’ Weapons Control Act (1971).Palikir:Congress of the Federated States of Micronesia,1 January. (Q345)Full Citation

23.

Agnes E Donato. 2007. ‘New Law Eases Gun License Renewals.’ Saipan Tribune (Micronesia). 23 May. (N35) Full Citation

24.

Micronesia (FSM).1971.‘Registry of Firearms.’ Weapons Control Act (1971).Palikir:Congress of the Federated States of Micronesia,1 January. (Q348)Full Citation

25.

Micronesia (FSM).1971.‘Carrying Firearms.’ Weapons Control Act (1971).Palikir:Congress of the Federated States of Micronesia,1 January. (Q350)Full Citation

26.

Micronesia (FSM).1971.‘Manufacturer's and Wholesaler's License.’ Weapons Control Act (1971).Palikir:Congress of the Federated States of Micronesia,1 January. (Q351)Full Citation

27.

Micronesia (FSM).1971.‘General Prohibition.’ Weapons Control Act (1971).Palikir:Congress of the Federated States of Micronesia,1 January. (Q340)Full Citation

28.

GunPolicy.org. 2015. ‘Penalty for Unlawful Firearm Possession.’ Definition and Selection Criteria.
Sydney School of Public Health, 22 January.
(G93) Full Citation

29.

Micronesia (FSM).1981.‘Firearm Offence Penalties.’ Weapons Prohibition Act (1981).Palikir:Congress of the Federated States of Micronesia,31 December. (Q353)Full Citation

30.

SPCPC/OCO.2000.‘Towards a Common Approach to Weapons Control: The 'Nadi Framework'.’ South Pacific Chiefs of Police Conference (SPCPC) and Oceania Customs Organisation (OCO).Nadi, Fiji:Pacific Islands Forum (PIF) Secretariat,10 March. (Q576)Full Citation

31.

Baker, Jean.2000.‘Weapons Control Bill: Explanatory Notes.’ Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat.Suva, Fiji:Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat,10 March. (Q577)Full Citation

32.

GDAV.2006.‘Geneva Declaration.’ Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development.Geneva:Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development Secretariat,7 June. (Q7162)Full Citation

33.

UNODA.2013.‘Towards Entry Into Force.’ Arms Trade Treaty.New York, NY:United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,2 April. (Q7226)Full Citation

34.

UNGA.2001.‘United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition.’ UN General Assembly Resolution 55/255.New York, NY:UN General Assembly,31 May. (Q17)Full Citation

35.

UNGA.2001.‘Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects.’ United Nations General Assembly.New York, NY:UN General Assembly,20 July. (Q18)Full Citation

36.

Cattaneo, Silvia and Sarah Parker.2008.‘Reporting, NPCs and NCAs, 2002 to 2008.’ Implementing the United Nations Programme of Action on Small Arms and Light Weapons: Analysis of the National Reports submitted by States from 2002 to 2008.Geneva:United Nations Development Programme,1 November. (Q20)Full Citation

37.

UNODA.2018.‘PoA-ISS Country Profiles.’ UN small arms Programme of Action (UNPoA) - Implementation Support System.New York, NY:United Nations Office of Disarmament Affairs,23 July. (Q1309)Full Citation

38.

IANSA.2006.‘Reviewing Action on Small Arms 2006: Assessing the first five years of the UN Programme of Action.’ Biting the Bullet 'Red Book' 2006.New York, NY:International Action Network on Small Arms and the Biting the Bullet project,26 June. (Q166)Full Citation

39.

UNODA.2011.‘National Reports on Small Arms Exports.’ United Nations Register of Conventional Arms - The Global Reported Arms Trade.New York, NY:United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,21 October. (Q14)Full Citation

40.

UN.2013.‘Member States of the United Nations.’ UN.org Web Site.New York, NY:United Nations General Assembly,7 April. (Q290)Full Citation

41.

Wassenaar Arrangement.1996.‘Introduction: Participating States.’ Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies.Vienna:Wassenaar Secretariat,12 July. (Q19)Full Citation