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Mexico — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Mexico is

2017: 1,680,9001
2010: 15,000,0002 3
2009: 2,440,4993 4 5 6
2007: 14,761,652
2006: 3,389,077
2005: 15,500,0007 3
2004: 1,793,1853 4 5 6

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Mexico is

2017: 12.901
2010: 13.52 3
2009: 2.173 8 9 6
2007: 13.5
2006: 3.14
2005: 15.07 3
2004: 1.703 8 9 6

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

In Mexico, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be 2,090,11210

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

In Mexico, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be 2,090,15910

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

In Mexico, the number of handguns in civilian possession is reported to be 9,456,52510

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Mexico ranked at No. 711

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Mexico ranked at No. 427

Proportion of Households with Firearms

In Mexico, the percentage of households with one or more guns is reported to be

2005: 0.0%12

Proportion of Households with Handguns

In Mexico, the percentage of households with one or more handguns is reported to be

2005: 2.8%12

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Mexico is reported to be

2017: 3,118,5921
2012: 3,118,5923 13
2010: 2,824,2313 14
2009: 2,033,7493 13
2007: 12,301,3773 10
2006: 2,824,2313 15 16
2005: 4,490,0003 14
2004: 1,494,321

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in Mexico is

2012: 2.663 8
2010: 2.48
2009: 1.81
2007: 11.253 8
2006: 2.713 15
2005: 4.213 8
2004: 1.42

Estimated Number of Illicit Firearms

ChartUnlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Mexico there are estimated to be

2017: 13,690,4081
2012: 623,7183 4 17 6
2009: 406,750
2007: 2,460,275
2006: 564,846
2005: 10,000,00014
2004: 298,8643 4 17 6

Estimated Rate of Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

ChartUnlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Mexico the rate of illicit firearms per 100 people is estimated to be

2012: 0.533 8
2009: 0.36
2007: 0.43
2006: 0.52
2005: 9.38
2004: 0.28

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Mexico are reported to have 895,28518 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Mexico are reported to have 591,00019 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Mexico, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 12,89520
2013: 15,298
2012: 17,752
2011: 20,017
2010: 19,728
2009: 14,661
2008: 10,434
2007: 6,787
2006: 6,989
2005: 6,419
2004: 6,177
2003: 6,523
2002: 6,620
2001: 6,89021 22
2000: 6,95121
1999: 8,253
1998: 9,272

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Mexico, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 10.7220
2013: 12.88
2012: 15.13
2011: 17.30
2010: 17.30
2009: 13.04
2008: 9.41
2007: 6.21
2006: 6.48
2005: 6.02
2004: 5.87
2003: 6.28
2002: 6.46
2001: 6.81
2000: 6.97
1999: 8.38
1998: 9.55

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Mexico, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 11,86920
2013: 14,049
2012: 16,337
2011: 18,462
2010: 18,286

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Mexico, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 1,00220
2013: 1,207
2012: 1,361
2011: 1,491
2010: 1,419

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Mexico, annual homicides by any means total

2016: 21,08723
2015: 20,76224
2014: 19,05320
2013: 21,749
2012: 24,728
2011: 26,163
2010: 24,829
2009: 19,803
2008: 14,006
2007: 8,86725 26 27 28 29 30 31 32
2006: 10,452
2005: 9,921
2004: 9,329
2003: 10,087
2002: 10,088
2001: 10,285
2000: 10,737
1999: 12,24925 28 31 32
1998: 13,656
1997: 13,552
1996: 14,505
1995: 15,612
1994: 15,84431
1993: 16,056
1992: 16,605
1991: 15,143
1990: 14,520

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Mexico, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 16.3933
2015: 16.3524
2014: 10.7220
2013: 12.88
2012: 15.13
2011: 17.30
2010: 17.30
2009: 17.6133 26 27 28 29 30
2008: 12.64
2007: 8.11
2006: 9.69
2005: 9.31
2004: 8.87
2003: 9.71
2002: 9.84
2001: 10.17
2000: 10.76
1999: 12.4433 28
1998: 14.06
1997: 14.16
1996: 15.41
1995: 16.86
1994: 17.5834
1993: 17.9533
1992: 18.91
1991: 17.57
1990: 17.16

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Mexico, annual male homicides by any means total

2014: 16,68420
2013: 19,134
2012: 21,908
2011: 23,328
2010: 22,463

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Mexico, annual female homicides by any means total

2014: 2,28920
2013: 2,502
2012: 2,630
2011: 2,590
2010: 2,314

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Mexico, annual firearm homicides total

2016: 5,586 (up to July)35
2015: 7,59625
2014: 11,46120
2013: 13,702
2012: 15,936
2011: 17,722
2010: 17,561
2009: 12,81125 27 28 36
2008: 8,787
2007: 5,033
2006: 5,73525 27 28 36 37
2005: 5,102
2004: 4,73225 28 36
2003: 5,129
2002: 5,21125 28 36 38
2001: 5,371
2000: 5,45225 28 36 39
1999: 6,53425 28 39
1998: 7,393
1997: 7,58225 28
1996: 8,28525
1995: 9,035

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Mexico, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2016: 4.5433
2015: 6.34
2014: 9.5320
2013: 11.53
2012: 13.59
2011: 15.32
2010: 15.40
2009: 11.40
2008: 7.93
2007: 4.60
2006: 5.31
2005: 4.79
2004: 4.50
2003: 4.94
2002: 5.09
2001: 5.31
2000: 5.46
1999: 6.6433 28 39
1998: 7.61
1997: 7.9333 28
1996: 8.8033
1995: 9.76
1994: 9.8840

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Mexico, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2015: 61.7%35
2013: 50.2%41
2012: 64%26
2011: 68%26 27 42
2010: 71%26 27 43
2009: 55%27
2008: 39%
2007: 39%
2006: 31%
2005: 29%
2004: 24.5%28
2003: 23.7%
2002: 19.8%
2001: 25.3%
2000: 26.0%
1999: 60.1%
1998: 46.2%
1997: 29.9%

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Mexico, annual male firearm homicides total

2015: 10,55220
2014: 10,552
2013: 12,581
2012: 14,673
2011: 16,357
2010: 16,277

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Mexico, annual female firearm homicides total

2015: 88920
2014: 889
2013: 1,082
2012: 1,213
2011: 1,310
2010: 1,264

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn Mexico, annual handgun homicides total

2015: 14725
2014: 83
2013: 79
2012: 86
2011: 61
2010: 30
2009: 56
2008: 39
2007: 12
2006: 7
2005: 5
2004: 4
2003: 14
2002: 14
2001: 8
2000: 14
1999: 31
1998: 35
1997: 39
1996: 15
1995: 23

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Mexico, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.1233
2014: 0.07
2013: 0.07
2012: 0.07
2011: 0.05
2010: 0.03
2009: 0.05
2008: 0.04
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.00
2003: 0.01
2002: 0.01
2001: 0.01
2000: 0.01
1999: 0.03
1998: 0.04
1997: 0.04
1996: 0.02
1995: 0.03

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn Mexico, annual long gun homicides total

2015: 6025
2014: 102
2013: 107
2012: 120
2011: 122
2010: 74
2009: 78
2008: 108
2007: 39
2006: 44
2005: 55
2004: 53
2003: 47
2002: 63
2001: 48
2000: 56
1999: 80
1998: 108
1997: 91
1996: 94
1995: 101

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Mexico, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.0533
2014: 0.08
2013: 0.09
2012: 0.10
2011: 0.11
2010: 0.07
2009: 0.07
2008: 0.10
2007: 0.04
2006: 0.04
2005: 0.05
2004: 0.05
2003: 0.05
2002: 0.06
2001: 0.05
2000: 0.06
1999: 0.08
1998: 0.11
1997: 0.10
1996: 0.10
1995: 0.11

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn Mexico, annual gun homicides (other) total

2015: 7,38925
2014: 11,759
2013: 14,216
2012: 16,452
2011: 18,215
2010: 18,093
2009: 12,677
2008: 8,640
2007: 4,982
2006: 5,684
2005: 5,042
2004: 4,675
2003: 5,068
2002: 5,134
2001: 5,315
2000: 5,382
1999: 6,423
1998: 7,250
1997: 7,452
1996: 8,176
1995: 8,911

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Mexico, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2015: 6.0733
2014: 9.78
2013: 11.96
2012: 14.03
2011: 15.74
2010: 15.86
2009: 11.28
2008: 7.79
2007: 4.56
2006: 5.27
2005: 4.73
2004: 4.44
2003: 4.88
2002: 5.01
2001: 5.26
2000: 5.39
1999: 6.52
1998: 7.46
1997: 7.79
1996: 8.69
1995: 9.62

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Mexico, annual suicides by any means total

2014: 6,21520
2013: 5,754
2012: 5,410
2011: 5,604
2010: 4,899
2009: 5,19044 45
2008: 4,681
2007: 4,394
2006: 4,27744 45 46
2005: 4,31444 45
2004: 4,117
2003: 4,104
2002: 3,871
2001: 3,81144 45 22
2000: 3,47544 45
1999: 3,33944
1998: 3,342

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Mexico, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2014: 5.1720
2013: 4.84
2012: 4.61
2011: 4.84
2010: 4.30
2009: 4.6233 45
2008: 4.22
2007: 4.02
2006: 3.9633 45 47
2005: 4.05
2004: 3.9133 45
2003: 3.95
2002: 3.78
2001: 3.7733 45 22
2000: 3.4833 45
1999: 3.3933
1998: 3.44
1994: 2.8948

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Mexico, annual male suicides by any means total

2014: 4,98420
2013: 4,701
2012: 4,357
2011: 4,526
2010: 3,996

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Mexico, annual female suicides by any means total

2014: 1,23120
2013: 1,050
2012: 1,052
2011: 1,076
2010: 903

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Mexico, annual firearm suicides total

2014: 52120
2013: 555
2012: 509
2011: 578
2010: 535
2009: 638
2008: 587
2007: 544
2006: 591
2005: 597
2004: 660
2003: 691
2002: 683
2001: 72044 22
2000: 69344
1999: 731
1998: 728

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Mexico, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.4320
2013: 0.47
2012: 0.43
2011: 0.50
2010: 0.47
2009: 0.57
2008: 0.53
2007: 0.50
2006: 0.55
2005: 0.56
2004: 0.63
2003: 0.67
2002: 0.67
2001: 0.7133 22
2000: 0.6933
1999: 0.74
1998: 0.75
1994: 0.9149

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Mexico, annual male firearm suicides total

2014: 48520
2013: 511
2012: 457
2011: 543
2010: 497

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Mexico, annual female firearm suicides total

2014: 3620
2013: 44
2012: 52
2011: 35
2010: 38

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn Mexico, annual handgun suicides total

2014: 1444
2013: 9
2012: 7
2011: 10
2010: 12
2009: 12
2008: 8
2007: 11
2006: 7
2005: 7
2004: 5
2003: 4
2002: 7
2001: 4
2000: 6
1999: 8
1998: 11

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Mexico, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0133
2013: 0.01
2012: 0.01
2011: 0.01
2010: 0.01
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.00
2002: 0.01
2001: 0.00
2000: 0.01
1999: 0.01
1998: 0.01

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn Mexico, the number of long gun suicides is

2014: 1644
2013: 20
2012: 16
2011: 17
2010: 17
2009: 12
2008: 12
2007: 10
2006: 19
2005: 14
2004: 15
2003: 13
2002: 16
2001: 16
2000: 14
1999: 8
1998: 6

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Mexico, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0133
2013: 0.02
2012: 0.01
2011: 0.02
2010: 0.02
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.02
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.01
2002: 0.02
2001: 0.02
2000: 0.01
1999: 0.01
1998: 0.01

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn Mexico, annual gun suicides (other) total

2014: 49944
2013: 545
2012: 501
2011: 568
2010: 518
2009: 614
2008: 567
2007: 523
2006: 565
2005: 576
2004: 640
2003: 674
2002: 660
2001: 700
2000: 673
1999: 715
1998: 711

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Mexico, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.4133
2013: 0.46
2012: 0.43
2011: 0.49
2010: 0.45
2009: 0.55
2008: 0.51
2007: 0.48
2006: 0.52
2005: 0.54
2004: 0.61
2003: 0.65
2002: 0.64
2001: 0.69
2000: 0.67
1999: 0.73
1998: 0.73

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Mexico, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2014: 40520
2013: 515
2012: 442
2011: 239
2010: 584
2009: 456
2008: 556
2007: 701
2006: 265
2005: 271
2004: 366
2003: 393
2002: 371
2001: 50150 22
2000: 47750
1999: 568
1998: 714

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Mexico, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.4220
2013: 0.44
2012: 0.74
2011: 1.28
2010: 0.92
2009: 0.41
2008: 0.50
2007: 0.64
2006: 0.25
2005: 0.25
2004: 0.35
2003: 0.38
2002: 0.36
2001: 0.5033 22
2000: 0.4833
1999: 0.58
1998: 0.74
1994: 1.2751

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Mexico, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2014: 36320
2013: 474
2012: 406
2011: 219
2010: 539

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Mexico, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2014: 4020
2013: 40
2012: 34
2011: 19
2010: 44

Unintentional Handgun Deaths

ChartIn Mexico, annual unintentional shooting deaths by handgun total

2014: 350
2013: 1
2012: 4
2011: 1
2010: 1
2009: 3
2008: 3
2007: 2
2006: 1
2005: 2
2004: 2
2003: 0
2002: 1
2001: 1
2000: 3
1999: 5
1998: 7

Rate of Unintentional Handgun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Mexico, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by handgun per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0033
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.00
2009: 0.00
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2005: 0.00
2004: 0.00
2003: 0.00
2002: 0.00
2001: 0.00
2000: 0.00
1999: 0.01
1998: 0.01

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn Mexico, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2014: 2150
2013: 14
2012: 14
2011: 8
2010: 11
2009: 15
2008: 14
2007: 11
2006: 15
2005: 15
2004: 12
2003: 13
2002: 17
2001: 11
2000: 20
1999: 27
1998: 17

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Mexico, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0233
2013: 0.01
2012: 0.01
2011: 0.01
2010: 0.01
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.01
2002: 0.02
2001: 0.01
2000: 0.02
1999: 0.02
1998: 0.02

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn Mexico, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2014: 45750
2013: 563
2012: 473
2011: 256
2010: 618
2009: 438
2008: 539
2007: 688
2006: 249
2005: 254
2004: 352
2003: 380
2002: 353
2001: 489
2000: 454
1999: 536
1998: 690

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Mexico, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.3833
2013: 0.47
2012: 0.40
2011: 0.22
2010: 0.54
2009: 0.39
2008: 0.49
2007: 0.63
2006: 0.23
2005: 0.24
2004: 0.33
2003: 0.37
2002: 0.34
2001: 0.48
2000: 0.46
1999: 0.54
1998: 0.71

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Mexico, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 50820
2013: 526
2012: 865
2011: 1,478
2010: 1,048
2009: 756
2008: 504
2007: 509
2006: 398
2005: 449
2004: 419
2003: 310
2002: 355
2001: 298
2000: 329
1999: 420
1998: 437

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Mexico, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.4633
2013: 0.48
2012: 0.79
2011: 1.39
2010: 0.98
2009: 0.67
2008: 0.45
2007: 0.47
2006: 0.37
2005: 0.42
2004: 0.40
2003: 0.30
2002: 0.35
2001: 0.29
2000: 0.33
1999: 0.43
1998: 0.45

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Mexico, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 46920
2013: 483
2012: 801
2011: 1,343
2010: 973

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Mexico, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 3720
2013: 41
2012: 62
2011: 127
2010: 73

Handgun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Mexico, annual deaths by handgun in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 252
2013: 0
2012: 2
2011: 2
2010: 5
2009: 1
2008: 0
2007: 3
2006: 3
2005: 6
2004: 1
2003: 4
2002: 8
2001: 5
2000: 3
1999: 1
1998: 33

Rate of Handgun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Mexico, the annual rate of unknown-cause handgun deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0033
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.00
2009: 0.00
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.00
2003: 0.00
2002: 0.01
2001: 0.01
2000: 0.00
1999: 0.00
1998: 0.03

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Mexico, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 252
2013: 1
2012: 3
2011: 4
2010: 2
2009: 4
2008: 2
2007: 1
2006: 3
2005: 3
2004: 3
2003: 4
2002: 5
2001: 3
2000: 6
1999: 6
1998: 5

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Mexico, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0033
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.00
2009: 0.00
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2005: 0.00
2004: 0.00
2003: 0.00
2002: 0.01
2001: 0.00
2000: 0.01
1999: 0.01
1998: 0.01

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Mexico, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 54752
2013: 564
2012: 920
2011: 1,606
2010: 1,110
2009: 751
2008: 502
2007: 505
2006: 392
2005: 440
2004: 415
2003: 302
2002: 342
2001: 290
2000: 320
1999: 413
1998: 399

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Mexico, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.4533
2013: 0.47
2012: 0.78
2011: 1.39
2010: 0.97
2009: 0.67
2008: 0.45
2007: 0.46
2006: 0.36
2005: 0.41
2004: 0.39
2003: 0.29
2002: 0.33
2001: 0.29
2000: 0.32
1999: 0.42
1998: 0.41

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Mexico, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, Mexico was ranked 'small'61

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Mexico, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69

Firearm Exports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms exported from Mexico is reported by manufacturers to be

2016: 1,13070
2014: 951
2010: 550
2008: 1

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

ChartThe annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Mexico is reported by Customs to be US$

2016: 113,598,42471
2015: 87,018,828
2014: 83,980,642
2013: 82,002,374
2012: 62,023,54871 72
2011: 22,273,02273
2010: 32,000,00074

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Mexico was categorized as 'major'75 76 77

Firearm Imports

In Mexico, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law62 78 79 64 65 56 66 67 58 68

Firearm Imports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms imported to Mexico is reported to be

2017: 9,67470
2016: 29,569
2015: 11,964
2014: 8,451
2013: 80,872
2012: 38,321
2011: 30,173
2010: 39,973
2009: 56,936
2008: 49,143
2007: 55,859
2006: 673

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

ChartThe annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Mexico is reported by Customs to be US$

2016: 114,993,32871
2015: 156,274,418
2014: 141,470,292
2013: 132,671,268
2012: 148,288,16471 80 81
2011: 49,024,99673 82
2010: 56,000,00083

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Mexico is high84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Mexico, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law53 98

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Mexico include63 99 69 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

ChartIn its annual Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer, the Small Arms Survey compares public reporting among major arms exporting nations on a scale from strong to weak (25 to zero). In recent years, Mexico scored

2018: 11.75100
2016: 8.75101
2014: 8.25102
2013: 8.75103
2012: 9.00104
2011: 9.25105
2010: 9.25106
2009: 9.75107
2008: 9.50108
2007: 9.75109
2006: 9.50110
2005: 8.75111
2004: 8.25112

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Mexico is categorised as restrictive113

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Mexico includes the Federal Law of Firearms and Explosives of 1972 (last amended in 2015),114 the Regulation of the Federal Firearms Law and Explosives,115 and Articles 160 to 163 of the Penal Code56 58

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Mexico are regulated by the Ministry of National Defence, the Ministry of the Interior116 117 118 53 and the Federal Registry of Arms119

Right to Possess Firearms

In Mexico, the right to private gun ownership is conditionally guaranteed by the Constitution,120 121 122 123 as limited by statute law124 125 126

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Mexico, civilians are not allowed to possess weapons of war, including automatic firearms, sub-machine guns, machine guns, .357 Magnum revolvers and those greater than .38 calibre, handguns greater than 9mm, rifles and carbines of .223, 7mm, 7.62 and .30 calibres, or shotguns with barrels shorter than 635mm or greater than 12 gauge127 128 129

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Mexico, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited127 128 42

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Mexico, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted130 131 132

Regulation of Handguns

In Mexico, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted,130 131 132 with some exceptions127 42

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Mexico, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law130 131 132 42

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Mexico, only registered gun owners119 120 133 42 may lawfully acquire or possess a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Gun owners in Mexico are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting, target shooting,134 farming,135 collection,136 personal protection, or employment120 137 138 139 56

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Mexico is 18 years140

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Mexico must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental health, physical and addiction138 139 42 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Mexico, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are required to carry pistols and revolvers56

Partner to be Advised or Interviewed

In Mexico, licensing authorities are not required141 142 to conduct interviews with, or to advise an applicant's spouse, partner, or next of kin before issuing a gun licence

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Mexico does not stipulate141 142 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Mexico, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is not required141 142 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Mexico, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every two years, for carry permits143

Licensing Records

In Mexico, authorities maintain a record144 145 135 146 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Firearm owners in Mexico are permitted to possess 2 firearms for legitimate defence purposes. To own more than two firearms requires special justification147

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Firearm owners in Mexico are permitted to possess 500 cartridges in .22 calibre, 1,000 cartridges for shotguns, and 200 cartridges for other permitted firearms148 149 150 151

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Mexico, the law requires117 119 152 133 135 146 153 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Mexico, licensed firearm dealers are required154 155 156 157 158 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Mexico, licensed gun makers are required154 155 156 57 159 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Mexico, State agencies are required119 160 133 161 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Mexico, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited without an extraordinary permit162 163

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Mexico, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful53 157 56 158

Limit on Gun Dealer Sales

In Mexico, the number and type of firearms which can be sold by a licensed gun dealer to a single gun owner is limited to one firearm per transaction. To sell individuals more than one gun, dealers must have receive special permission in advance164

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In Mexico, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is undetermined141 142

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Mexico, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are not regulated141 142 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Mexico include165 166 167 134 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Mexico include168 54 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Mexico include161 169 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Mexico include170 171 172 173 174 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Mexico, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law175 176 177 67 57 178 179 159 180

Firearm Tracing

In Mexico, state authorities carry out181 179 182 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Mexico, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are not 179 180 recorded in a register

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Mexico, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law183 143 138 139 172 184 56 10 42

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Mexico, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is prohibited172

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Mexico, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit172

Gun Free Zones

In Mexico, private guns are prohibited in public demonstrations, celebrations, meetings and in deliberative assemblies185

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Mexico, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm186 is three years in prison56 and seven years in prison for illegal carrying187

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in Mexico are known to have188 189 190 191 192 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Surrendered in Gun Amnesty

ChartIn Mexico, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered in recent arms amnesty and collection programmes is reported to be

2016: 75,000193
2012: 53,115194

Exchanged in Gun Buyback

ChartIn Mexico, the total number of firearms exchanged for monetary or in-kind compensation during recent gun buyback and disposal programmes is reported to be

2012: 55,590195 196
2009: 30,522197
2007: 9,524191

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn Mexico, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2014: 8,540198
2013: 14,467199 200
2012: 25,803199 194 201 202 203 195 204
2011: 40,996
2010: 20,917205 199 194 201 202 203 195
2009: 32,407206
2008: 27,721207
2007: 15,330191
2006/09: 38,404207

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn Mexico, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2016: 75,000193
2014: 69,108208
2009: 79,074192
2007: 28,302191

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Mexico, it is state policy209 210 211 197 159 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

Organization of American States

On 14 November 1997, as a member of the Organisation of American States (OAS), Mexico adopted the Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Explosives, Ammunition and Other Related Materials (CIFTA), a legally binding multilateral treaty of which the OAS is depository. The CIFTA Convention has since been signed and ratified212 213 by Mexico

United Nations Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice

The UNCCPCJ, a subsidiary body of the Economic and Social Council mandated to promote action to prevent national and transnational crime, lists214 Mexico as an elected member

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 2006215 by Mexico.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified216 by Mexico

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified217 by Mexico

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Mexico committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects218

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Mexico against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 2219 220 221 222 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Mexico has submitted one or more national reports223 224 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Mexico, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated225 224

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Mexico, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated224

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Mexico submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent224 226

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated224 by Mexico to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided224 to Mexico by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Mexico has declared227 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Mexico has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1945228

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies list229 Mexico as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Mexico, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Mexico ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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Mexico.2015.‘Collections or Museums (Colecciones O Museos).’ Federal Law of Firearms and Explosives of January 11, 1972 - Last amended in 2015 (Ley Federal de Armas y Explosivos del 11 de enero de 1972 - Última reforma publicada en 2015).Mexico City:Congress of Mexico,12 November. (Q2262)Full Citation

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Mexico.1972.‘Article 21.’ Regulation of the Federal Firearms Law and Explosives (Reglamento de la Ley Federal de Armas de Fuego y Explosivos).Mexico City:Presidency of Mexico,6 May. (Q4506)Full Citation

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Mexico.2015.‘Limits on Ammunition Possession (Limites para la Posesión de Cartuchos).’ Federal Law of Firearms and Explosives of January 11, 1972 - Last amended in 2015 (Ley Federal de Armas y Explosivos del 11 de enero de 1972 - Última reforma publicada en 2015).Mexico City:Congress of Mexico,12 November. (Q2255)Full Citation

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Mexico.2015.‘Limits on Sales of Ammunition (Limites de Municiones para la Venta).’ Federal Law of Firearms and Explosives of January 11, 1972 - Last amended in 2015 (Ley Federal de Armas y Explosivos del 11 de enero de 1972 - Última reforma publicada en 2015).Mexico City:Congress of Mexico,12 November. (Q2269)Full Citation

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Mexico.2015.‘Sanctions (Sanciones).’ Federal Law of Firearms and Explosives of January 11, 1972 - Last amended in 2015 (Ley Federal de Armas y Explosivos del 11 de enero de 1972 - Última reforma publicada en 2015).Mexico City:Congress of Mexico,12 November. (Q11339)Full Citation

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Mexico.2015.‘Firearms Acquisition (Adquisiciones de Armas).’ Federal Law of Firearms and Explosives of January 11, 1972 - Last amended in 2015 (Ley Federal de Armas y Explosivos del 11 de enero de 1972 - Última reforma publicada en 2015).Mexico City:Congress of Mexico,12 November. (Q2259)Full Citation

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Mexico.2015.‘Detailed Report of Activities (Informe Detallado de las Actividades).’ Federal Law of Firearms and Explosives of January 11, 1972 - Last amended in 2015 (Ley Federal de Armas y Explosivos del 11 de enero de 1972 - Última reforma publicada en 2015).Mexico City:Congress of Mexico,12 November. (Q2284)Full Citation

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Mexico.1972.‘Manufacturer and Dealer Reports (Informe de Fabricantes y Comerciantes).’ Regulation of the Federal Firearms Law and Explosives (Reglamento de la Ley Federal de Armas de Fuego y Explosivos).Mexico City:Presidency of Mexico,6 May. (Q11323)Full Citation

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Mexico.1972.‘Records on Sales and Purchases (Libros de Compras y de Ventas).’ Regulation of the Federal Firearms Law and Explosives (Reglamento de la Ley Federal de Armas de Fuego y Explosivos).Mexico City:Presidency of Mexico,6 May. (Q11321)Full Citation

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Mexico.1972.‘Article 50.’ Regulation of the Federal Firearms Law and Explosives (Reglamento de la Ley Federal de Armas de Fuego y Explosivos).Mexico City:Presidency of Mexico,6 May. (Q4514)Full Citation

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Mexico.2003.‘Controls on the Sale of Firearms.’ National Report of Mexico on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Mexico to the United Nations,16 June. (Q2382)Full Citation

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Mexico.1972.‘Article 54.’ Regulation of the Federal Firearms Law and Explosives (Reglamento de la Ley Federal de Armas de Fuego y Explosivos).Mexico City:Presidency of Mexico,6 May. (Q4507)Full Citation

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Mexico.2015.‘Sales of More than One Firearm (Ventas de Más de un Arma).’ Federal Law of Firearms and Explosives of January 11, 1972 - Last amended in 2015 (Ley Federal de Armas y Explosivos del 11 de enero de 1972 - Última reforma publicada en 2015).Mexico City:Congress of Mexico,12 November. (Q2270)Full Citation

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Mexico.2015.‘Firearms Storage (Almacenamiento de Armas).’ Federal Law of Firearms and Explosives of January 11, 1972 - Last amended in 2015 (Ley Federal de Armas y Explosivos del 11 de enero de 1972 - Última reforma publicada en 2015).Mexico City:Congress of Mexico,12 November. (Q2281)Full Citation

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Mexico.2015.‘Storage Requirements (Requisitos de Almacenamiento).’ Federal Law of Firearms and Explosives of January 11, 1972 - Last amended in 2015 (Ley Federal de Armas y Explosivos del 11 de enero de 1972 - Última reforma publicada en 2015).Mexico City:Congress of Mexico,12 November. (Q2283)Full Citation

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Mexico.1972.‘Storage (de Almacenamiento).’ Regulation of the Federal Firearms Law and Explosives (Reglamento de la Ley Federal de Armas de Fuego y Explosivos).Mexico City:Presidency of Mexico,6 May. (Q11322)Full Citation

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Mexico.2010.‘Stockpile Management (Gestión de los Arsenales).’ National Report of Mexico on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Mexico to the United Nations,1 January. (Q3801)Full Citation

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Mexico.2015.‘Security Measures for Transports (Medidas de Seguridad para los Transportes).’ Federal Law of Firearms and Explosives of January 11, 1972 - Last amended in 2015 (Ley Federal de Armas y Explosivos del 11 de enero de 1972 - Última reforma publicada en 2015).Mexico City:Congress of Mexico,12 November. (Q2278)Full Citation

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Mexico.2015.‘Transport Permits (Autorizaciones para el Transporte).’ Federal Law of Firearms and Explosives of January 11, 1972 - Last amended in 2015 (Ley Federal de Armas y Explosivos del 11 de enero de 1972 - Última reforma publicada en 2015).Mexico City:Congress of Mexico,12 November. (Q2277)Full Citation

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Mexico.1972.‘Article 67.’ Regulation of the Federal Firearms Law and Explosives (Reglamento de la Ley Federal de Armas de Fuego y Explosivos).Mexico City:Presidency of Mexico,6 May. (Q4518)Full Citation

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Mexico.1972.‘Article 68.’ Regulation of the Federal Firearms Law and Explosives (Reglamento de la Ley Federal de Armas de Fuego y Explosivos).Mexico City:Presidency of Mexico,6 May. (Q4517)Full Citation

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Mexico.2008.‘Marking (Marcaje).’ Internal Regulation of the National Defence Secretariat (Reglamento Interior de la Secretaría de la Defensa Nacional).Mexico City:Presidency of the Republic of Mexico,29 December. (Q11328)Full Citation

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