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Mexico — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Mexico is

2017: 1,680,9001
2010: 15,000,0002 3
2009: 2,440,4993 4 5 6
2007: 14,761,652
2006: 3,389,077
2005: 15,500,0007 3
2004: 1,793,1853 4 5 6

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Mexico is

2017: 12.901
2010: 13.52 3
2009: 2.173 8 9 6
2007: 13.5
2006: 3.14
2005: 15.07 3
2004: 1.703 8 9 6

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

In Mexico, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be 2,090,11210

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

In Mexico, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be 2,090,15910

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

In Mexico, the number of handguns in civilian possession is reported to be 9,456,52510

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Mexico ranked at No. 711

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Mexico ranked at No. 427

Proportion of Households with Firearms

In Mexico, the percentage of households with one or more guns is reported to be

2005: 0.0%12

Proportion of Households with Handguns

In Mexico, the percentage of households with one or more handguns is reported to be

2005: 2.8%12

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Mexico is reported to be

2017: 3,118,5921
2012: 3,118,5923 13
2010: 2,824,2313 14
2009: 2,033,7493 13
2007: 12,301,3773 10
2006: 2,824,2313 15 16
2005: 4,490,0003 14
2004: 1,494,321

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in Mexico is

2012: 2.663 8
2010: 2.48
2009: 1.81
2007: 11.253 8
2006: 2.713 15
2005: 4.213 8
2004: 1.42

Estimated Number of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms

ChartUnregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,17 but in Mexico there are estimated to be

2017: 13,690,4081
2012: 623,7183 4 17 6
2009: 406,750
2007: 2,460,275
2006: 564,846
2005: 10,000,00014
2004: 298,8643 4 17 6

Estimated Rate of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

ChartUnregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,17 but in Mexico the rate of such firearms per 100 people is estimated to be

2012: 0.533 8
2009: 0.36
2007: 0.43
2006: 0.52
2005: 9.38
2004: 0.28

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Mexico are reported to have 895,28518 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Mexico are reported to have 591,00019 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Mexico, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2015: 14,06120
2014: 12,987
2013: 15,410
2012: 17,858
2011: 20,060
2010: 19,728
2009: 13,985
2008: 10,447
2007: 6,440
2006: 6,989
2005: 6,419
2004: 6,177
2003: 6,523
2002: 6,620
2001: 6,89021 22
2000: 6,95121
1999: 8,253
1998: 9,272

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Mexico, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2015: 11.5520
2014: 10.80
2013: 12.97
2012: 15.22
2011: 17.34
2010: 17.30
2009: 12.44
2008: 9.42
2007: 5.89
2006: 6.48
2005: 6.02
2004: 5.87
2003: 6.28
2002: 6.46
2001: 6.81
2000: 6.97
1999: 8.38
1998: 9.55

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Mexico, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2015: 12,91420
2014: 11,957
2013: 14,156
2012: 16,438
2011: 18,505
2010: 18,286
2009: 13,073
2008: 9,804
2007: 5,896

Rate of Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Mexico, the annual rate of male gun death per 100,000 population is

2015: 21.6220
2014: 20.26
2013: 24.28
2012: 28.55
2011: 32.59
2010: 32.67
2009: 23.69
2008: 18.02
2007: 10.99

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Mexico, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2015: 1,12320
2014: 1,006
2013: 1,211
2012: 1,366
2011: 1,491
2010: 1,419
2009: 898
2008: 639
2007: 542

Rate of Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Mexico, the annual rate of female gun death per 100,000 population is

2015: 1.8120
2014: 1.64
2013: 2
2012: 2.29
2011: 2.53
2010: 2.44
2009: 1.57
2008: 1.13
2007: 0.97

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Mexico, annual homicides by any means total

2018: 33,34123
2017: 28,866
2016: 22,567
2015: 17,889
2014: 19,053
2013: 21,749
2012: 24,728
2011: 26,163
2010: 24,829
2009: 18,919
2008: 14,062
2007: 8,456
2006: 10,452
2005: 9,921
2004: 9,329
2003: 10,087
2002: 10,088
2001: 10,285
2000: 10,737
1999: 12,24924 25 26 27
1998: 13,656
1997: 13,552
1996: 14,505
1995: 15,612
1994: 15,84426
1993: 16,056
1992: 16,605
1991: 15,143
1990: 14,520

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Mexico, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2018: 26.4723
2017: 23.17
2016: 18.32
2015: 14.69
2014: 15.84
2013: 18.30
2012: 21.08
2011: 22.61
2010: 21.77
2009: 16.83
2008: 12.69
2007: 7.73
2006: 9.69
2005: 9.31
2004: 8.87
2003: 9.71
2002: 9.84
2001: 10.17
2000: 10.76
1999: 12.4428 25
1998: 14.06
1997: 14.16
1996: 15.41
1995: 16.86
1994: 17.5829
1993: 17.9528
1992: 18.91
1991: 17.57
1990: 17.16

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Mexico, annual male homicides by any means total

2018: 30,10123
2017: 25,892
2016: 19,950
2015: 15,135
2014: 16,684
2013: 19,134
2012: 21,908
2011: 23,328
2010: 22,463
2009: 17,051
2008: 12,633
2007: 7,404

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Mexico, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2018: 48.7523
2017: 42.39
2016: 33.03
2015: 25.34
2014: 28.27
2013: 32.81
2012: 38.05
2011: 41.08
2010: 40.13
2009: 30.90
2008: 23.22
2007: 13.80

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Mexico, annual female homicides by any means total

2018: 2,74623
2017: 2,537
2016: 2,205
2015: 1,737
2014: 2,289
2013: 2,502
2012: 2,630
2011: 2,590
2010: 2,314
2009: 1,834
2008: 1,421
2007: 1,045

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Mexico, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2018: 4.2823
2017: 4
2016: 3.51
2015: 2.80
2014: 3.74
2013: 4.13
2012: 4.40
2011: 4.40
2010: 3.98
2009: 3.20
2008: 2.52
2007: 1.88

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Mexico, annual firearm homicides total

2016: 5,586 (up to July)30
2015: 12,41920
2014: 11,46120
2013: 13,702
2012: 15,936
2011: 17,722
2010: 17,561
2009: 12,265
2008: 8,837
2007: 4,779
2006: 5,73524 31 25 32 33
2005: 5,102
2004: 4,73224 25 32
2003: 5,129
2002: 5,21124 25 32 34
2001: 5,371
2000: 5,45224 25 32 35
1999: 6,53424 25 35
1998: 7,393
1997: 7,58224 25
1996: 8,28524
1995: 9,035

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Mexico, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2016: 4.5428
2015: 10.2020
2014: 9.53
2013: 11.53
2012: 13.59
2011: 15.32
2010: 15.40
2009: 10.91
2008: 7.97
2007: 4.37
2006: 5.31
2005: 4.79
2004: 4.50
2003: 4.94
2002: 5.09
2001: 5.31
2000: 5.46
1999: 6.6428 25 35
1998: 7.61
1997: 7.9328 25
1996: 8.8028
1995: 9.76
1994: 9.8836

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Mexico, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2015: 61.7%30
2013: 50.2%37
2012: 64%38
2011: 68%38 31 39
2010: 71%38 31 40
2009: 55%31
2008: 39%
2007: 39%
2006: 31%
2005: 29%
2004: 24.5%25
2003: 23.7%
2002: 19.8%
2001: 25.3%
2000: 26.0%
1999: 60.1%
1998: 46.2%
1997: 29.9%

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Mexico, annual male firearm homicides total

2015: 11,40020
2014: 10,552
2013: 12,581
2012: 14,673
2011: 16,357
2010: 16,277
2009: 11,489
2008: 8,316
2007: 4,406

Rate of Male Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Mexico, the annual rate of male firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 19.0920
2014: 17.88
2013: 21.58
2012: 25.49
2011: 28.80
2010: 29.08
2009: 20.82
2008: 15.29
2007: 8.21

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Mexico, annual female firearm homicides total

2015: 99620
2014: 889
2013: 1,082
2012: 1,213
2011: 1,310
2010: 1,264
2009: 763
2008: 517
2007: 372

Rate of Female Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Mexico, the annual rate of female firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 1.6120
2014: 1.45
2013: 1.79
2012: 2.03
2011: 2.22
2010: 2.18
2009: 1.33
2008: 0.92
2007: 0.67

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn Mexico, annual handgun homicides total

2015: 14724
2014: 83
2013: 79
2012: 86
2011: 61
2010: 30
2009: 56
2008: 39
2007: 12
2006: 7
2005: 5
2004: 4
2003: 14
2002: 14
2001: 8
2000: 14
1999: 31
1998: 35
1997: 39
1996: 15
1995: 23

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Mexico, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.1228
2014: 0.07
2013: 0.07
2012: 0.07
2011: 0.05
2010: 0.03
2009: 0.05
2008: 0.04
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.00
2003: 0.01
2002: 0.01
2001: 0.01
2000: 0.01
1999: 0.03
1998: 0.04
1997: 0.04
1996: 0.02
1995: 0.03

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn Mexico, annual long gun homicides total

2015: 6024
2014: 102
2013: 107
2012: 120
2011: 122
2010: 74
2009: 78
2008: 108
2007: 39
2006: 44
2005: 55
2004: 53
2003: 47
2002: 63
2001: 48
2000: 56
1999: 80
1998: 108
1997: 91
1996: 94
1995: 101

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Mexico, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.0528
2014: 0.08
2013: 0.09
2012: 0.10
2011: 0.11
2010: 0.07
2009: 0.07
2008: 0.10
2007: 0.04
2006: 0.04
2005: 0.05
2004: 0.05
2003: 0.05
2002: 0.06
2001: 0.05
2000: 0.06
1999: 0.08
1998: 0.11
1997: 0.10
1996: 0.10
1995: 0.11

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn Mexico, annual gun homicides (other) total

2015: 7,38924
2014: 11,759
2013: 14,216
2012: 16,452
2011: 18,215
2010: 18,093
2009: 12,677
2008: 8,640
2007: 4,982
2006: 5,684
2005: 5,042
2004: 4,675
2003: 5,068
2002: 5,134
2001: 5,315
2000: 5,382
1999: 6,423
1998: 7,250
1997: 7,452
1996: 8,176
1995: 8,911

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Mexico, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2015: 6.0728
2014: 9.78
2013: 11.96
2012: 14.03
2011: 15.74
2010: 15.86
2009: 11.28
2008: 7.79
2007: 4.56
2006: 5.27
2005: 4.73
2004: 4.44
2003: 4.88
2002: 5.01
2001: 5.26
2000: 5.39
1999: 6.52
1998: 7.46
1997: 7.79
1996: 8.69
1995: 9.62

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Mexico, annual suicides by any means total

2015: 6,28520
2014: 6,21520
2013: 5,754
2012: 5,410
2011: 5,604
2010: 4,899
2009: 5,059
2008: 4,668
2007: 4,309
2006: 4,27741 42 43
2005: 4,31441 42
2004: 4,117
2003: 4,104
2002: 3,871
2001: 3,81141 42 22
2000: 3,47541 42
1999: 3,33941
1998: 3,342

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Mexico, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 5.1620
2014: 5.17
2013: 4.84
2012: 4.61
2011: 4.84
2010: 4.30
2009: 4.50
2008: 4.21
2007: 3.94
2006: 3.9628 42 44
2005: 4.05
2004: 3.9128 42
2003: 3.95
2002: 3.78
2001: 3.7728 42 22
2000: 3.4828 42
1999: 3.3928
1998: 3.44
1994: 2.8945

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Mexico, annual male suicides by any means total

2015: 5,03120
2014: 4,98420
2013: 4,701
2012: 4,357
2011: 4,526
2010: 3,996
2009: 4,087
2008: 3,807
2007: 3,546

Rate of Male Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Mexico, the annual rate of male suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 8.4220
2014: 8.44
2013: 8.06
2012: 7.57
2011: 7.97
2010: 7.14
2009: 7.41
2008: 7
2007: 6.61

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Mexico, annual female suicides by any means total

2015: 1,25120
2014: 1,23120
2013: 1,050
2012: 1,052
2011: 1,076
2010: 903
2009: 972
2008: 861
2007: 762

Rate of Female Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Mexico, the annual rate of female suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 2.0220
2014: 2.01
2013: 1.74
2012: 1.76
2011: 1.83
2010: 1.55
2009: 1.70
2008: 1.53
2007: 1.37

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Mexico, annual firearm suicides total

2015: 56220
2014: 52120
2013: 555
2012: 509
2011: 578
2010: 535
2009: 618
2008: 582
2007: 533
2006: 591
2005: 597
2004: 660
2003: 691
2002: 683
2001: 72041 22
2000: 69341
1999: 731
1998: 728

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Mexico, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.4620
2014: 0.43
2013: 0.47
2012: 0.43
2011: 0.50
2010: 0.47
2009: 0.55
2008: 0.53
2007: 0.49
2006: 0.55
2005: 0.56
2004: 0.63
2003: 0.67
2002: 0.67
2001: 0.7128 22
2000: 0.6928
1999: 0.74
1998: 0.75
1994: 0.9146

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Mexico, annual male firearm suicides total

2015: 51020
2014: 48520
2013: 511
2012: 457
2011: 543
2010: 497
2009: 570
2008: 541
2007: 475

Rate of Male Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Mexico, the annual rate of male firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.8520
2014: 0.82
2013: 0.88
2012: 0.79
2011: 0.96
2010: 0.89
2009: 1.03
2008: 0.99
2007: 0.89

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Mexico, annual female firearm suicides total

2015: 5220
2014: 3620
2013: 44
2012: 52
2011: 35
2010: 38
2009: 48
2008: 41
2007: 58

Rate of Female Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Mexico, the annual rate of female firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.0820
2014: 0.06
2013: 0.07
2012: 0.09
2011: 0.06
2010: 0.07
2009: 0.08
2008: 0.07
2007: 0.10

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn Mexico, annual handgun suicides total

2014: 1441
2013: 9
2012: 7
2011: 10
2010: 12
2009: 12
2008: 8
2007: 11
2006: 7
2005: 7
2004: 5
2003: 4
2002: 7
2001: 4
2000: 6
1999: 8
1998: 11

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Mexico, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0128
2013: 0.01
2012: 0.01
2011: 0.01
2010: 0.01
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.00
2002: 0.01
2001: 0.00
2000: 0.01
1999: 0.01
1998: 0.01

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn Mexico, the number of long gun suicides is

2014: 1641
2013: 20
2012: 16
2011: 17
2010: 17
2009: 12
2008: 12
2007: 10
2006: 19
2005: 14
2004: 15
2003: 13
2002: 16
2001: 16
2000: 14
1999: 8
1998: 6

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Mexico, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0128
2013: 0.02
2012: 0.01
2011: 0.02
2010: 0.02
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.02
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.01
2002: 0.02
2001: 0.02
2000: 0.01
1999: 0.01
1998: 0.01

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn Mexico, annual gun suicides (other) total

2014: 49941
2013: 545
2012: 501
2011: 568
2010: 518
2009: 614
2008: 567
2007: 523
2006: 565
2005: 576
2004: 640
2003: 674
2002: 660
2001: 700
2000: 673
1999: 715
1998: 711

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Mexico, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.4128
2013: 0.46
2012: 0.43
2011: 0.49
2010: 0.45
2009: 0.55
2008: 0.51
2007: 0.48
2006: 0.52
2005: 0.54
2004: 0.61
2003: 0.65
2002: 0.64
2001: 0.69
2000: 0.67
1999: 0.73
1998: 0.73

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Mexico, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2015: 57220
2014: 40520
2013: 515
2012: 442
2011: 239
2010: 584
2009: 403
2008: 542
2007: 655
2006: 265
2005: 271
2004: 366
2003: 393
2002: 371
2001: 50147 22
2000: 47747
1999: 568
1998: 714

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Mexico, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.4720
2014: 0.34
2013: 0.43
2012: 0.38
2011: 0.21
2010: 0.51
2009: 0.36
2008: 0.49
2007: 0.60
2006: 0.25
2005: 0.25
2004: 0.35
2003: 0.38
2002: 0.36
2001: 0.5028 22
2000: 0.4828
1999: 0.58
1998: 0.74
1994: 1.2748

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Mexico, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2015: 53320
2014: 36320
2013: 474
2012: 406
2011: 219
2010: 539
2009: 370
2008: 499
2007: 592

Rate of Unintentional Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Mexico, the annual rate of unintentional male shooting death per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.8920
2014: 0.62
2013: 0.81
2012: 0.71
2011: 0.39
2010: 0.96
2009: 0.67
2008: 0.92
2007: 1.10

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Mexico, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2015: 3820
2014: 4020
2013: 40
2012: 34
2011: 19
2010: 44
2009: 33
2008: 43
2007: 62

Rate of Unintentional Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Mexico, the annual rate of unintentional female shooting death per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.0620
2014: 0.07
2013: 0.07
2012: 0.06
2011: 0.03
2010: 0.08
2009: 0.06
2008: 0.08
2007: 0.11

Unintentional Handgun Deaths

ChartIn Mexico, annual unintentional shooting deaths by handgun total

2014: 347
2013: 1
2012: 4
2011: 1
2010: 1
2009: 3
2008: 3
2007: 2
2006: 1
2005: 2
2004: 2
2003: 0
2002: 1
2001: 1
2000: 3
1999: 5
1998: 7

Rate of Unintentional Handgun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Mexico, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by handgun per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0028
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.00
2009: 0.00
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2005: 0.00
2004: 0.00
2003: 0.00
2002: 0.00
2001: 0.00
2000: 0.00
1999: 0.01
1998: 0.01

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn Mexico, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2014: 2147
2013: 14
2012: 14
2011: 8
2010: 11
2009: 15
2008: 14
2007: 11
2006: 15
2005: 15
2004: 12
2003: 13
2002: 17
2001: 11
2000: 20
1999: 27
1998: 17

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Mexico, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0228
2013: 0.01
2012: 0.01
2011: 0.01
2010: 0.01
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.01
2002: 0.02
2001: 0.01
2000: 0.02
1999: 0.02
1998: 0.02

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn Mexico, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2014: 45747
2013: 563
2012: 473
2011: 256
2010: 618
2009: 438
2008: 539
2007: 688
2006: 249
2005: 254
2004: 352
2003: 380
2002: 353
2001: 489
2000: 454
1999: 536
1998: 690

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Mexico, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.3828
2013: 0.47
2012: 0.40
2011: 0.22
2010: 0.54
2009: 0.39
2008: 0.49
2007: 0.63
2006: 0.23
2005: 0.24
2004: 0.33
2003: 0.37
2002: 0.34
2001: 0.48
2000: 0.46
1999: 0.54
1998: 0.71

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Mexico, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2015: 43520
2014: 50820
2013: 526
2012: 865
2011: 1,478
2010: 1,048
2009: 699
2008: 486
2007: 473
2006: 398
2005: 449
2004: 419
2003: 310
2002: 355
2001: 298
2000: 329
1999: 420
1998: 437

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Mexico, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.3620
2014: 0.42
2013: 0.44
2012: 0.74
2011: 1.28
2010: 0.92
2009: 0.62
2008: 0.44
2007: 0.43
2006: 0.37
2005: 0.42
2004: 0.40
2003: 0.30
2002: 0.35
2001: 0.29
2000: 0.33
1999: 0.43
1998: 0.45

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Mexico, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2015: 40020
2014: 46920
2013: 483
2012: 801
2011: 1,343
2010: 973
2009: 644
2008: 448
2007: 423

Rate of Male Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Mexico, the annual rate of unknown-cause male shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.6720
2014: 0.79
2013: 0.83
2012: 1.39
2011: 2.37
2010: 1.74
2009: 1.17
2008: 0.82
2007: 0.79

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Mexico, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2015: 3520
2014: 3720
2013: 41
2012: 62
2011: 127
2010: 73
2009: 54
2008: 38
2007: 50

Rate of Female Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Mexico, the annual rate of unknown-cause female shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.0620
2014: 0.06
2013: 0.07
2012: 0.10
2011: 0.22
2010: 0.13
2009: 0.09
2008: 0.07
2007: 0.09

Handgun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Mexico, annual deaths by handgun in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 249
2013: 0
2012: 2
2011: 2
2010: 5
2009: 1
2008: 0
2007: 3
2006: 3
2005: 6
2004: 1
2003: 4
2002: 8
2001: 5
2000: 3
1999: 1
1998: 33

Rate of Handgun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Mexico, the annual rate of unknown-cause handgun deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0028
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.00
2009: 0.00
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.00
2003: 0.00
2002: 0.01
2001: 0.01
2000: 0.00
1999: 0.00
1998: 0.03

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Mexico, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 249
2013: 1
2012: 3
2011: 4
2010: 2
2009: 4
2008: 2
2007: 1
2006: 3
2005: 3
2004: 3
2003: 4
2002: 5
2001: 3
2000: 6
1999: 6
1998: 5

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Mexico, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0028
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.00
2009: 0.00
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2005: 0.00
2004: 0.00
2003: 0.00
2002: 0.01
2001: 0.00
2000: 0.01
1999: 0.01
1998: 0.01

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Mexico, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 54749
2013: 564
2012: 920
2011: 1,606
2010: 1,110
2009: 751
2008: 502
2007: 505
2006: 392
2005: 440
2004: 415
2003: 302
2002: 342
2001: 290
2000: 320
1999: 413
1998: 399

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Mexico, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.4528
2013: 0.47
2012: 0.78
2011: 1.39
2010: 0.97
2009: 0.67
2008: 0.45
2007: 0.46
2006: 0.36
2005: 0.41
2004: 0.39
2003: 0.29
2002: 0.33
2001: 0.29
2000: 0.32
1999: 0.42
1998: 0.41

Legal Intervention Gun Homicides

ChartIn Mexico, annual legal-intervention gun homicides total

2015: 7320
2014: 92
2013: 112
2012: 106
2011: 43

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Mexico, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, Mexico was ranked 'small'58

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Mexico, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66

Firearm Exports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms exported from Mexico is reported by manufacturers to be

2018: 067
2017: 5,80067
2016: 0
2015: 0
2010: 55068

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

ChartThe annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Mexico is reported by Customs to be US$

2016: 113,598,42469
2015: 87,018,828
2014: 83,980,642
2013: 82,002,374
2012: 62,023,54869 70
2011: 22,273,02271
2010: 32,000,00072

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Mexico was categorized as 'major'73 74 75

Firearm Imports

In Mexico, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law59 76 77 61 62 53 63 64 55 65

Firearm Imports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms imported to Mexico is reported to be

2018: 39,90067
2017: 35,01367
2016: 39,538
2015: 46,543
2014: 49,00368
2013: 80,165
2012: 38,321
2011: 30,173
2010: 39,973
2009: 56,917
2008: 49,143
2007: 48,182
2006: 673

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

ChartThe annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Mexico is reported by Customs to be US$

2016: 114,993,32869
2015: 156,274,418
2014: 141,470,292
2013: 132,671,268
2012: 148,288,16469 78 79
2011: 49,024,99671 80
2010: 56,000,00081

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Mexico is high82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Mexico, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law50 96

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Mexico include60 97 66 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

ChartIn its annual Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer, the Small Arms Survey compares public reporting among major arms exporting nations on a scale from strong to weak (25 to zero). In recent years, Mexico scored

2018: 11.7598
2016: 8.7599
2014: 8.25100
2013: 8.75101
2012: 9.00102
2011: 9.25103
2010: 9.25104
2009: 9.75105
2008: 9.50106
2007: 9.75107
2006: 9.50108
2005: 8.75109
2004: 8.25110

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Mexico is categorised as restrictive111

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Mexico includes the Federal Law of Firearms and Explosives of 1972 (last amended in 2015),112 the Regulation of the Federal Firearms Law and Explosives,113 and Articles 160 to 163 of the Penal Code53 55

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Mexico are regulated by the Ministry of National Defence, the Ministry of the Interior114 115 116 50 and the Federal Registry of Arms117

Right to Possess Firearms

In Mexico, the right to private gun ownership is conditionally guaranteed by the Constitution,118 119 120 121 as limited by statute law122 123 124

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Mexico, civilians are not allowed to possess weapons of war, including automatic firearms, sub-machine guns, machine guns, .357 Magnum revolvers and those greater than .38 calibre, handguns greater than 9mm, rifles and carbines of .223, 7mm, 7.62 and .30 calibres, or shotguns with barrels shorter than 635mm or greater than 12 gauge125 126 127

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Mexico, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited125 126 39

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Mexico, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted128 129 130

Regulation of Handguns

In Mexico, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted,128 129 130 with some exceptions125 39

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Mexico, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law128 129 130 39

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Mexico, only registered gun owners117 118 131 39 may lawfully acquire or possess a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Gun owners in Mexico are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting, target shooting,132 farming,133 collection,134 personal protection, or employment118 135 136 137 53

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Mexico is 18 years138

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Mexico must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental health, physical and addiction136 137 39 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Mexico, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are required to carry pistols and revolvers53

Partner to be Advised or Interviewed

In Mexico, licensing authorities are not required139 140 to conduct interviews with, or to advise an applicant's spouse, partner, or next of kin before issuing a gun licence

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Mexico does not stipulate139 140 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Mexico, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is not required139 140 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Mexico, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every two years, for carry permits141

Licensing Records

In Mexico, authorities maintain a record142 143 133 144 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Firearm owners in Mexico are permitted to possess 2 firearms for legitimate defence purposes. To own more than two firearms requires special justification145

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Firearm owners in Mexico are permitted to possess 500 cartridges in .22 calibre, 1,000 cartridges for shotguns, and 200 cartridges for other permitted firearms146 147 148 149

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Mexico, the law requires115 117 150 131 133 144 151 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Mexico, licensed firearm dealers are required152 153 154 155 156 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Mexico, licensed gun makers are required152 153 154 54 157 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Mexico, State agencies are required117 158 131 159 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Mexico, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited without an extraordinary permit160 161

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Mexico, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful50 155 53 156

Limit on Gun Dealer Sales

In Mexico, the number and type of firearms which can be sold by a licensed gun dealer to a single gun owner is limited to one firearm per transaction. To sell individuals more than one gun, dealers must have receive special permission in advance162

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In Mexico, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is undetermined139 140

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Mexico, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are not regulated139 140 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Mexico include163 164 165 132 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Mexico include166 51 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Mexico include159 167 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Mexico include168 169 170 171 172 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Mexico, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law173 174 175 64 54 176 177 157 178

Firearm Tracing

In Mexico, state authorities carry out179 177 180 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Mexico, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are not 177 178 recorded in a register

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Mexico, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law181 141 136 137 170 182 53 10 39

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Mexico, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is prohibited170

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Mexico, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit170

Gun Free Zones

In Mexico, private guns are prohibited in public demonstrations, celebrations, meetings and in deliberative assemblies183

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Mexico, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm184 is three years in prison53 and seven years in prison for illegal carrying185

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in Mexico are known to have186 187 188 189 190 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Surrendered in Gun Amnesty

ChartIn Mexico, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered in recent arms amnesty and collection programmes is reported to be

2016: 75,000191
2012: 53,115192

Exchanged in Gun Buyback

ChartIn Mexico, the total number of firearms exchanged for monetary or in-kind compensation during recent gun buyback and disposal programmes is reported to be

2012: 55,590193 194
2009: 30,522195
2007: 9,524189

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn Mexico, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2014: 8,540196
2013: 14,467197 198
2012: 25,803197 192 199 200 201 193 202
2011: 40,996
2010: 20,917203 197 192 199 200 201 193
2009: 32,407204
2008: 27,721205
2007: 15,330189
2006/09: 38,404205

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn Mexico, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2016: 75,000191
2014: 69,108206
2009: 79,074190
2007: 28,302189

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Mexico, it is state policy207 208 209 195 157 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

Organization of American States

On 14 November 1997, as a member of the Organisation of American States (OAS), Mexico adopted the Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Explosives, Ammunition and Other Related Materials (CIFTA), a legally binding multilateral treaty of which the OAS is depository. The CIFTA Convention has since been signed and ratified210 211 by Mexico

United Nations Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice

The UNCCPCJ, a subsidiary body of the Economic and Social Council mandated to promote action to prevent national and transnational crime, lists212 Mexico as an elected member

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 2006213 by Mexico.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified214 by Mexico

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified215 by Mexico

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Mexico committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects216

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Mexico against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 2217 218 219 220 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Mexico has submitted one or more national reports221 222 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Mexico, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated223 222

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Mexico, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated222

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Mexico submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent222 224

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated222 by Mexico to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided222 to Mexico by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Mexico has declared225 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Mexico has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1945226

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies list227 Mexico as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Mexico, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Mexico ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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