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Mauritius — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Mauritius is

2017: 106,0001
2007: 180,0002

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Mauritius is

2017: 8.301
2007: 14.72

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Mauritius ranked at No. 1203

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Mauritius ranked at No. 442

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Mauritius are reported to have 4,8454 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Mauritius are reported to have 11,0005 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Mauritius, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 46
2013: 4
2012: 27
2011: 0
2010: 3

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Mauritius, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2015: 06
2014: 0.30
2013: 0.30
2012: 0.15
2011: 0
2010: 0.23

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Mauritius, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 36
2013: 3
2012: 2
2011: 0
2010: 3

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Mauritius, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 16
2013: 1
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Mauritius, annual homicides by any means total

2014: 236
2013: 43
2012: 31
2011: 41
2010: 50
2009: 38
2008: 488
2007: 45
2006: 509
2005: 37
2004: 358 10
2003: 36
2002: 308
2001: 28
2000: 2611
1999: 23
1998: 31
1997: 248
1996: 34
1995: 25

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Mauritius, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.306
2013: 0.30
2012: 0.15
2011: 0
2010: 0.23
2009: 3.1
2008: 3.78 12
2007: 3.5
2006: 4.009
2005: 2.98
2004: 2.88 10
2003: 2.95
2002: 2.58
2001: 2.3
2000: 2.1911
1999: 1.96
1998: 2.67
1997: 2.18
1996: 3.0
1995: 2.2
1993: 2.3513

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Mauritius, annual male homicides by any means total

2014: 136
2013: 28
2012: 18
2011: 32
2010: 38

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Mauritius, annual female homicides by any means total

2014: 106
2013: 15
2012: 13
2011: 9
2010: 12

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Mauritius, annual firearm homicides total

2014: 16
2013: 2
2012: 0
2011: 014
2010: 2
2009: 0
2006: 19
2005: 0

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Mauritius, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.086
2013: 0.15
2012: 0.07
2011: 015
2010: 0.15
2009: 0
2006: 0.089
2005: 0.00
1993: 0.0016

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Mauritius, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2011: 0%14
2010: 3%
2009: 0%
2008: 0%
2007: 0%
2006: 2%
2005: 0%

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Mauritius, annual male firearm homicides total

2015: 16
2014: 1
2013: 1
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 2

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Mauritius, annual female firearm homicides total

2015: 06
2014: 0
2013: 1
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Mauritius, annual suicides by any means total

2014: 1206
2013: 98
2012: 115
2011: 118
2010: 98
1999: 17417

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Mauritius, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2014: 9.016
2013: 7.41
2012: 8.76
2011: 9.05
2010: 7.57
1999: 14.2517
1993: 12.9818

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Mauritius, annual male suicides by any means total

2014: 966
2013: 83
2012: 89
2011: 95
2010: 76

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Mauritius, annual female suicides by any means total

2014: 246
2013: 15
2012: 26
2011: 23
2010: 22

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Mauritius, annual firearm suicides total

2014: 36
2013: 2
2012: 27
2011: 0
2010: 1

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Mauritius, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.236
2013: 0.15
2012: 0.15
2011: 0
2010: 0.08
1993: 0.0919

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Mauritius, annual male firearm suicides total

2014: 26
2013: 2
2012: 2
2011: 0
2010: 1

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Mauritius, annual female firearm suicides total

2014: 16
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Mauritius, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2014: 06
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Mauritius, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2014: 06
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
1993: 0.0920

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Mauritius, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2014: 06
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Mauritius, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2014: 06
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Mauritius, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 06
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

In Mauritius, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

1993: 0.0021

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Mauritius, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 06
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Mauritius, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 06
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Mauritius, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence22

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Mauritius, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law23 24

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Mauritius is reported by Customs to be US$025 (2011)

Firearm Imports

In Mauritius, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law23 24 22

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Mauritius is reported by Customs to be US$698,24025 (2011)

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Mauritius is low26

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Mauritius, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law27 24

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Mauritius include28 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Mauritius includes the Firearms Act 2006 as amended by the Act No. 2 of 2008, 14 of 2015, 27 of 2013 and 4 of 2016 and Firearm Regulation of 200723 29

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Mauritius are regulated by the Commissioner of Police, the Police and Customs Departments29

Right to Possess Firearms

In Mauritius, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law30 31

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Mauritius, only licensed gun owners29 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Mauritius, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every year29

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Mauritius, the law requires22 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Mauritius, licensed firearm dealers are required22 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Mauritius, State agencies are required22 32 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Mauritius include32 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Mauritius, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law33 29

Firearm Tracing

In Mauritius, state authorities carry out22 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn Mauritius, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2017: 28434
2016: 177

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

African Union

In June 2006, as a member of the African Union, Mauritius adopted an African Common Position to take to the Conference to Review the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA), held in June 200635 36

Southern African Development Community

As a member of the Southern African Development Community (SADC), Mauritius signed the SADC Declaration Concerning Firearms, Ammunition and Other Related Materials in March 2001. This laid the ground for the August, 2001 adoption of the legally binding SADC Protocol on Control of Firearms, Ammunition and Other Related Materials37

United Nations Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice

The UNCCPCJ, a subsidiary body of the Economic and Social Council mandated to promote action to prevent national and transnational crime, lists38 Mauritius as an elected member

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 200739 by Mauritius.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been accessed40 by Mauritius

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified41 by Mauritius

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Mauritius committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects42

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Mauritius against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 13743 44 45 46 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Mauritius has submitted one or more national reports47 48 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Mauritius, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated49 48

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Mauritius submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was not apparent48

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated48 by Mauritius to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided48 to Mauritius by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Mauritius has not declared50 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Mauritius has been a Member State of the United Nations since 196851

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list52 Mauritius as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Mauritius, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Mauritius ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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