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Malta — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Malta is

2017: 119,0001
2007: 48,0002

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Malta is

2017: 28.301
2007: 11.92

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

In Malta, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be 1,3723

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

In Malta, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be 33,4003

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

In Malta, the number of handguns in civilian possession is reported to be 14,6783

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Malta ranked at No. 1564

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Malta ranked at No. 552

Proportion of Adults Living in a Home With a Gun

In Malta, the percentage of adults living in a household with a firearm is reported to be

2015: 5%5

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

The number of licensed gun owners in Malta is reported to be 27,0003

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

The rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in Malta is 6.966

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Malta is reported to be

2017: 96,4251
1999: 49,4503

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

The rate of registered guns per 100 people in Malta is 12.756

Estimated Number of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms

Unregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,7 but in Malta there are estimated to be

2017: 22,5751

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Malta are reported to have 5,5478 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Malta are reported to have 1,6379 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Malta, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2015: 510
2014: 711 12
2013: 5
2012: 612 13 14
2011: 212
2010: 915
2009: 616 12
2008: 711 12
2007: 9
2006: 417 12 13
2005: 117 12
2004: 711 12
2003: 212
2002: 211 12
2001: 5
2000: 811 12 13
1999: 1011 12 13 18
1998: 411 12 13
1997: 112
1996: 711 12 19
1995: 511 12

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Malta, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2015: 1.1510
2014: 1.63
2013: 1.17
2012: 1.42
2011: 0.48
2010: 2.16
2009: 1.45
2008: 1.70
2007: 2.20
2006: 1.00
2005: 0.25
2004: 1.76
2003: 0.51
2002: 0.51
2001: 1.28
2000: 2.05
1999: 2.58
1998: 1.04
1997: 0.26
1996: 1.84
1995: 1.33

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Malta, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2015: 410
2014: 710
2013: 5
2012: 6
2011: 2
2010: 8
2009: 5
2008: 6
2007: 9

Rate of Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Malta, the annual rate of male gun death per 100,000 population is

2015: 1.8410
2014: 3.25
2013: 2.35
2012: 2.85
2011: 0.96
2010: 3.85
2009: 2.42
2008: 2.92
2007: 4.42

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Malta, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2015: 110
2014: 010
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 1
2009: 1
2008: 1

Rate of Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Malta, the annual rate of female gun death per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.4610
2010: 0.48
2009: 0.48
2008: 0.48

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Malta, annual homicides by any means total

2015: 310
2014: 4
2013: 6
2012: 6
2011: 2
2010: 4
2009: 3
2008: 5
2007: 3
2006: 020 17
2005: 4
2004: 720 21
2003: 0
2002: 620 22
2001: 620 16
2000: 4
1999: 1016
1998: 5

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Malta, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.6910
2014: 0.93
2013: 1.41
2012: 1.42
2011: 0.48
2010: 0.96
2009: 0.72
2008: 1.21
2007: 0.73
2006: 0.020 17
2005: 1.0
2004: 1.720 21
2003: 0.0
2002: 1.520 22
2001: 1.5
2000: 1.020 16
1999: 2.516
1998: 1.3
1997: 0.6
1996: 1.1
1995: 0.9

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Malta, annual male homicides by any means total

2015: 223
2014: 4
2013: 6
2012: 4
2011: 0
2010: 3
2009: 1
2008: 4
2007: 3

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Malta, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.9210
2014: 1.86
2013: 2.82
2012: 1.90
2011: 0
2010: 1.44
2009: 0.48
2008: 1.95
2007: 1.47

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Malta, annual female homicides by any means total

2015: 110
2014: 1
2013: 0
2012: 2
2011: 2
2010: 1
2009: 2
2008: 1
2007: 1

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Malta, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.4610
2014: 0.47
2013: 0
2012: 0.94
2011: 0.95
2010: 0.48
2009: 0.96
2008: 0.48
2007: 0.48

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Malta, annual firearm homicides total

2015: 210
2014: 311
2013: 3
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 211 20
2009: 020 16
2008: 511 20 16
2007: 2
2006: 020 16 17
2005: 1
2004: 411 16
2002: 111
2001: 2
2000: 2
1999: 6
1998: 2
1996: 2
1995: 3

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Malta, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.4610
2014: 0.70
2013: 0.70
2012: 0
2011: 0.006
2010: 0.48
2009: 0.006 16
2008: 1.21
2007: 0.49
2006: 0.006 16 17
2005: 0.00
2004: 1.011 16
2002: 0.2511
2001: 0.51
2000: 0.52
1999: 0.58
1998: 0.53
1996: 0.54
1995: 0.81

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Malta, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2012: 42%20
2011: 0%
2010: 50%
2009: 0%
2008: 83%
2007: 50%
2006: 0%
2005: 25%
2004: 57.1%16

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Malta, annual male firearm homicides total

2015: 210
2014: 3
2013: 3
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 1
2008: 4
2007: 2

Rate of Male Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Malta, the annual rate of male firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.9210
2014: 1.39
2013: 1.41
2010: 0.48
2008: 1.95
2007: 0.98

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Malta, annual female firearm homicides total

2015: 010
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 1
2008: 1

Rate of Female Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Malta, the annual rate of female firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.4810
2008: 0.48

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn Malta, annual handgun homicides total

2013: 211
2008: 1
2004: 2
2002: 1
1995: 1

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Malta, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.4711
2008: 0.24
2004: 0.50
2002: 0.25
1995: 0.27

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn Malta, annual long gun homicides total

2014: 111
2013: 1
2010: 1
2008: 1
2007: 2
2004: 1
2001: 1
1999: 1
1998: 2
1996: 1
1995: 2

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Malta, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.2311
2013: 0.24
2010: 0.24
2008: 0.24
2007: 0.49
2004: 0.25
2001: 0.25
1999: 0.26
1998: 0.53
1996: 0.27
1995: 0.54

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn Malta, annual gun homicides (other) total

2014: 211
2010: 1
2008: 3
2004: 1
2001: 1
2000: 2
1999: 5
1996: 1

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Malta, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.4711
2010: 0.24
2008: 0.73
2004: 0.25
2001: 0.25
2000: 0.52
1999: 1.32
1996: 0.27

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Malta, annual suicides by any means total

2015: 3410
2014: 3210
2013: 22
2012: 25
2011: 20
2010: 31
2009: 35
2008: 14
2007: 26
1997: 1518

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Malta, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 7.8210
2014: 7.44
2013: 5.16
2012: 5.92
2011: 4.77
2010: 7.43
2009: 8.43
2008: 3.40
2007: 6.35
1997: 3.8118

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Malta, annual male suicides by any means total

2015: 2710
2014: 2710
2013: 21
2012: 19
2011: 20
2010: 29
2009: 32
2008: 12
2007: 25

Rate of Male Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Malta, the annual rate of male suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 12.4010
2014: 12.55
2013: 9.88
2012: 9.04
2011: 9.59
2010: 13.96
2009: 15.47
2008: 5.85
2007: 12.28

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Malta, annual female suicides by any means total

2015: 710
2014: 510
2013: 1
2012: 6
2011: 0
2010: 2
2009: 3
2008: 2
2007: 1

Rate of Female Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Malta, the annual rate of female suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 3.2310
2014: 2.33
2013: 0.47
2012: 2.83
2010: 0.96
2009: 1.44
2008: 0.97
2007: 0.49

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Malta, annual firearm suicides total

2015: 310
2014: 412
2013: 2
2012: 112 14
2011: 212
2010: 7
2009: 6
2008: 2
2007: 6
2006: 3
2005: 1
2004: 3
2003: 2
2002: 1
2001: 3
2000: 5
1999: 3
1998: 1
1997: 1
1996: 2
1995: 2

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Malta, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.6910
2014: 0.93
2013: 0.47
2012: 0.24
2011: 0.48
2010: 1.68
2009: 1.45
2008: 0.49
2007: 1.47
2006: 0.74
2005: 0.25
2004: 0.75
2003: 0.5
2002: 0.25
2001: 0.76
2000: 1.3
1999: 0.79
1998: 0.26
1997: 0.27
1996: 0.54
1995: 0.54

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Malta, annual male firearm suicides total

2015: 210
2014: 410
2013: 2
2012: 1
2011: 2
2010: 7
2009: 5
2008: 2
2007: 6

Rate of Male Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Malta, the annual rate of male firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.9210
2014: 1.86
2013: 0.94
2012: 0.48
2011: 0.96
2010: 3.37
2009: 2.42
2008: 0.97
2007: 2.95

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Malta, annual female firearm suicides total

2015: 110
2014: 010
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 1

Rate of Female Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Malta, the annual rate of female firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.4610
2009: 0.48

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn Malta, annual handgun suicides total

2011: 212
2001: 1

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Malta, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.4812
2001: 0.25

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn Malta, the number of long gun suicides is

2013: 112
2010: 2
2004: 1
2001: 1
2000: 1
1999: 1
1998: 1
1997: 1
1996: 1
1995: 1

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Malta, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.2412
2010: 0.48
2004: 0.25
2001: 0.25
2000: 0.26
1999: 0.26
1998: 0.26
1997: 0.27
1996: 0.27
1995: 0.27

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn Malta, annual gun suicides (other) total

2014: 412
2013: 1
2012: 1
2010: 5
2009: 6
2008: 2
2007: 6
2006: 3
2005: 1
2004: 2
2003: 2
2002: 1
2001: 1
2000: 4
1999: 2
1996: 1
1995: 1

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Malta, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.9412
2013: 0.24
2012: 0.24
2010: 1.21
2009: 1.45
2008: 0.49
2007: 1.48
2006: 0.74
2005: 0.25
2004: 0.50
2003: 0.50
2002: 0.25
2001: 0.25
2000: 1.04
1999: 0.53
1996: 0.27
1995: 0.27

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Malta, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2014: 010
2013: 0
2012: 513 14
2011: 0
2010: 0
2006: 113
2000: 1
1999: 1
1998: 1

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Malta, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2014: 010
2013: 0
2012: 1.1810
2011: 0
2010: 0
2006: 0.2513
2000: 0.26
1999: 0.26
1998: 0.26

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Malta, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2014: 010
2013: 0
2012: 5
2011: 0
2010: 0

Rate of Unintentional Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

In Malta, the annual rate of unintentional male shooting death per 100,000 population is

2012: 2.3810

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Malta, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2014: 010
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn Malta, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2012: 513
2006: 1
2000: 1
1999: 1
1998: 1

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Malta, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2012: 1.1913
2006: 0.25
2000: 0.26
1999: 0.26
1998: 0.26

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Malta, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 010
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
1999: 018
1996: 319

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Malta, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

1999: 0.0018
1996: 0.8019

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Malta, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 010
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Malta, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 010
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Handgun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

In Malta, annual deaths by handgun in which the cause remains undecided total

1996: 119

Rate of Handgun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

In Malta, the annual rate of unknown-cause handgun deaths per 100,000 population is

1996: 0.2719

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

In Malta, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

1996: 219

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

In Malta, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

1996: 0.5419

Legal Intervention Gun Homicides

In Malta, annual legal-intervention gun homicides total

2007: 110

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Malta, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is prohibited24 25

Home-made Guns

In Malta, the prevalence of illicit craft, or 'home-made' firearm manufacture is reported to be low26

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Malta, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law27 28 29 30 31 32 33

Firearm Exports (Number)

The annual number of firearms exported from Malta is reported by manufacturers to be

2017: 15134

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Malta is reported by Customs to be US$4,565,66935 (2011)

Firearm Imports

In Malta, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law27 28 29 30 31 32

Firearm Imports (Number)

The annual number of firearms imported to Malta is reported to be

2017: 9,23634

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Malta is reported by Customs to be US$1,703,40735 (2011)

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Malta is low3

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Malta, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law28 36 37

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Malta is categorised as restrictive38

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Malta includes the Arms Ordinance Chapter 66 of the Laws of Malta,3 the Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons,39 40 the European Union Firearms Regulation of 2012 and the Common Position on the Control of Arms Brokering of 200341

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Malta are regulated by the European Commission40

Right to Possess Firearms

In Malta, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law42 43

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Malta, civilians are not allowed to possess automatic firearms, firearms disguised as other objects, and armour-piercing, incendiary and expanding ammunition44 45

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Malta, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited44 45

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Malta, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted only with special authorisation46 47 45

Regulation of Handguns

In Malta, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted only with special authorisation, for shooting and collection only44 46 47 45

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Malta, only licensed gun owners48 44 46 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Malta are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting, target shooting, collection49

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Malta is 18 years49

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Malta must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental health and domestic violence49 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Malta, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required3

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Malta does not stipulate3 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Malta, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is not required3 for a firearm licence

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Malta are permitted to possess only ammunition suitable for the intended firearm50

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Malta, the law requires51 52 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Malta, licensed firearm dealers are required53 52 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Malta, State agencies are required54 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Malta, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful55 47

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Malta include3 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Malta include3 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Malta, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law24 25 56

Firearm Tracing

In Malta, state authorities carry out57 56 52 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

European Union

As a member of the European Union, Malta is bound by the provisions of the ‘EU Firearms Directive’ – the 2007 Legislative Resolution on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons of the European Parliament58 59

European Union Export Reporting

Under the European Union Common Position on Arms Exports, Malta is bound to declare its transfers of military technology and equipment. Independent monitoring provides detailed comparisons of arms export reporting compliance across EU member states, and records that Malta has yet to submit a national report60 on its arms transfers

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was not signed61 by Malta.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified62 by Malta

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has not been signed63 by Malta

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Malta committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects64

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Malta against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 10565 66 67 68 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Malta has submitted one or more national reports69 70 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Malta, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated71 70

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Malta, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has not been designated71 70

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Malta submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was not apparent70

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated70 by Malta to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Malta has not declared72 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Malta has been a Member State of the United Nations since 196473

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies lists74 Malta as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Malta, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University


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