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Malta — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Malta is

2017: 119,0001
2005: 48,0002

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Malta is

2017: 26.773
2005: 11.72

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

In Malta, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be 1,3724

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

In Malta, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be 33,4004

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

In Malta, the number of handguns in civilian possession is reported to be 14,6784

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 206 countries, Malta ranked at No. 1365

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a comparison of the rate of privately owned guns in 206 countries, Malta ranked at No.165

Proportion of Adults Living in a Home With a Gun

In Malta, the percentage of adults living in a household with a firearm is reported to be

2015: 5%6

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

The number of licensed gun owners in Malta is reported to be

1999: 27,0004

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

The rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in Malta is

1999: 6.963

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Malta is reported to be

2017: 96,4251
1999: 49,4504

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in Malta is

2017: 21.693
1999: 12.49

Estimated Number of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms

ChartUnregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,7 but in Malta there are estimated to be

2017: 22,5751
1999: 4,9458 4

Estimated Rate of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

ChartUnregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,7 but in Malta the rate of such firearms per 100 people is estimated to be

2017: 5.083
1999: 1.25

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Malta are reported to have 5,5479 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Malta are reported to have 1,63710 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Malta, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2017: 611
2016: 1
2015: 511
2014: 6
2013: 5
2012: 612 13 14
2011: 212
2010: 915
2009: 616 12
2008: 717 12
2007: 8
2006: 418 12 13
2005: 118 12
2004: 717 12
2003: 212
2002: 217 12
2001: 5
2000: 817 12 13
1999: 1017 12 13 19
1998: 417 12 13
1997: 112
1996: 717 12 20
1995: 517 12

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Malta, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2017: 1.3611
2016: 0.23
2015: 1.16
2014: 1.41
2013: 1.18
2012: 1.43
2011: 0.48
2010: 2.17
2009: 1.46
2008: 1.71
2007: 1.96
2006: 0.98
2005: 0.25
2004: 1.74
2003: 0.50
2002: 0.51
2001: 1.26
2000: 2.03
1999: 2.58
1998: 1.04
1997: 0.26
1996: 1.84
1995: 1.33

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Malta, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2017: 611
2016: 1
2015: 4
2014: 6
2013: 5
2012: 6
2011: 2
2010: 8
2009: 5
2008: 6
2007: 8
2006: 4
2005: 1
2004: 5
2003: 2
2001: 5
2000: 7

Rate of Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Malta, the annual rate of male gun death per 100,000 population is

2017: 2.7211
2016: 0.46
2015: 1.86
2014: 2.82
2013: 2.38
2012: 2.88
2011: 0.96
2010: 3.87
2009: 2.44
2008: 2.95
2007: 3.95
2006: 1.98
2005: 0.50
2004: 2.51
2003: 1.01
2001: 2.54
2000: 3.59

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Malta, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2015: 111
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 1
2009: 1
2008: 1
2004: 2
2000: 1

Rate of Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Malta, the annual rate of female gun death per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.4711
2010: 0.48
2009: 0.48
2008: 0.49
2004: 0.99
2000: 0.50

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Malta, annual homicides by any means total

2020: 721
2019: 5
2018: 7
2017: 9
2016: 5
2015: 4
2014: 6
2013: 7
2012: 12
2011: 3
2010: 4
2009: 4
2008: 6
2007: 4
2006: 022 18
2005: 4
2004: 722 23
2003: 0
2002: 622 24
2001: 622 16
2000: 4
1999: 1016
1998: 5

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Malta, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2020: 1.5921
2019: 1.14
2018: 1.59
2017: 2.06
2016: 1.15
2015: 0.92
2014: 1.39
2013: 1.64
2012: 2.84
2011: 0.72
2010: 0.97
2009: 0.96
2008: 1.46
2007: 0.98
2006: 0.022 18
2005: 1.0
2004: 1.722 23
2003: 0.0
2002: 1.522 24
2001: 1.5
2000: 1.022 16
1999: 2.516
1998: 1.3
1997: 0.6
1996: 1.1
1995: 0.9

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Malta, annual male homicides by any means total

2020: 1221
2019: 4
2018: 6
2017: 15
2016: 6
2015: 4
2014: 5
2013: 7
2012: 9
2011: 0
2010: 3
2009: 1
2008: 5
2007: 3

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Malta, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2020: 2.7121
2019: 0.91
2018: 1.36
2017: 3.65
2016: 1.37
2015: 0.92
2014: 2.33
2013: 3.29
2012: 4.29
2011: 0
2010: 1.46
2009: 0.49
2008: 2.44
2007: 1.47

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Malta, annual female homicides by any means total

2020: 221
2019: 6
2018: 8
2017: 2
2016: 4
2015: 4
2014: 1
2013: 0
2012: 3
2011: 3
2010: 1
2009: 3
2008: 1
2007: 1

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Malta, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2020: 0.4521
2019: 1.37
2018: 1.83
2017: 0.46
2016: 0.92
2015: 0.92
2014: 0.46
2013: 0
2012: 1.42
2011: 1.43
2010: 0.48
2009: 1.44
2008: 0.48
2007: 0.48

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Malta, annual firearm homicides total

2017: 211
2015: 211
2014: 2
2013: 3
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 1
2009: 022 16
2008: 3
2007: 2
2006: 022 16 18
2005: 1
2004: 1
2002: 117
2001: 1
2000: 2
1999: 6
1998: 2
1996: 2
1995: 3

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Malta, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2017: 0.4511
2015: 0.46
2014: 0.47
2010: 0.24
2008: 0.73
2004: 0.25
2002: 0.2517
2001: 0.25
2000: 0.51
1999: 0.58
1998: 0.53
1996: 0.54
1995: 0.81

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Malta, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2012: 42%22
2011: 0%
2010: 50%
2009: 0%
2008: 83%
2007: 50%
2006: 0%
2005: 25%
2004: 57.1%16

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Malta, annual male firearm homicides total

2017: 211
2015: 211
2014: 2
2013: 3
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 1
2008: 2
2007: 2
2004: 1
2001: 1
2000: 1

Rate of Male Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Malta, the annual rate of male firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2019: 11
2018:
2017: 0.90
2016:
2015: 0.92
2014: 0.93
2013:
2012:
2011:
2010: 0.48
2009:
2008: 0.97
2007:
2006:
2005:
2004: 0.50
2003:
2001: 0.51
2000: 0.51

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Malta, annual female firearm homicides total

2015: 011
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 1
2008: 1

Rate of Female Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Malta, the annual rate of female firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 021
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2010: 0.4811
2008: 0.48

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn Malta, annual handgun homicides total

2013: 217
2008: 1
2004: 2
2002: 1
1995: 1

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Malta, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.4717
2008: 0.24
2004: 0.50
2002: 0.25
1995: 0.27

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn Malta, annual long gun homicides total

2014: 117
2013: 1
2010: 1
2008: 1
2007: 2
2004: 1
2001: 1
1999: 1
1998: 2
1996: 1
1995: 2

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Malta, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.2317
2013: 0.24
2010: 0.24
2008: 0.24
2007: 0.49
2004: 0.25
2001: 0.25
1999: 0.26
1998: 0.53
1996: 0.27
1995: 0.54

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn Malta, annual gun homicides (other) total

2014: 217
2010: 1
2008: 3
2004: 1
2001: 1
2000: 2
1999: 5
1996: 1

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Malta, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.4717
2010: 0.24
2008: 0.73
2004: 0.25
2001: 0.25
2000: 0.52
1999: 1.32
1996: 0.27

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Malta, annual suicides by any means total

2017: 2811
2016: 25
2015: 37
2014: 36
2013: 24
2012: 26
2011: 22
2010: 38
2009: 41
2008: 16
2007: 32
2006: 29
2005: 19
2004: 27
2003: 22
2001: 33
2000: 28
1997: 1519

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Malta, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2019: 011
2018: 0
2017: 6.30
2016: 5.69
2015: 8.51
2014: 8.37
2013: 5.63
2012: 6.16
2011: 5.25
2010: 9.11
2009: 9.88
2008: 3.88
2007: 7.82
2006: 7.11
2005: 4.67
2004: 6.68
2003: 5.48
2001: 8.32
2000: 7.10
1997: 3.8119

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Malta, annual male suicides by any means total

2017: 2311
2016: 20
2015: 29
2014: 31
2013: 23
2012: 20
2011: 22
2010: 36
2009: 37
2008: 14
2007: 31
2006: 24
2005: 17
2004: 17
2003: 19
2001: 26
2000: 22

Rate of Male Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Malta, the annual rate of male suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2017: 10.3111
2016: 9.07
2015: 13.32
2014: 14.41
2013: 10.82
2012: 9.51
2011: 10.55
2010: 17.32
2009: 17.88
2008: 6.82
2007: 15.22
2006: 11.84
2005: 8.43
2004: 8.48
2003: 9.54
2001: 13.23
2000: 11.27

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Malta, annual female suicides by any means total

2017: 511
2016: 5
2015: 8
2014: 511
2013: 1
2012: 6
2011: 0
2010: 2
2009: 4
2008: 2
2007: 1
2006: 5
2005: 2
2004: 10
2003: 3
2001: 7
2000: 6

Rate of Female Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Malta, the annual rate of female suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2017: 2.2611
2016: 2.28
2015: 3.69
2014: 2.33
2013: 0.47
2012: 2.83
2010: 0.96
2009: 1.92
2008: 0.97
2007: 0.49
2006: 2.44
2005: 0.98
2004: 4.91
2003: 1.48
2001: 3.50
2000: 3.02

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Malta, annual firearm suicides total

2017: 311
2016: 1
2015: 3
2014: 412
2013: 2
2012: 112 14
2011: 212
2010: 7
2009: 6
2008: 2
2007: 6
2006: 3
2005: 1
2004: 3
2003: 2
2002: 1
2001: 3
2000: 5
1999: 3
1998: 1
1997: 1
1996: 2
1995: 2

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Malta, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2017: 0.6811
2016: 0.23
2015: 0.70
2014: 0.94
2013: 0.47
2012: 0.24
2011: 0.48
2010: 1.69
2009: 1.46
2008: 0.49
2007: 1.47
2006: 0.74
2005: 0.25
2004: 0.75
2003: 0.50
2002: 0.25
2001: 0.76
2000: 1.27
1999: 0.79
1998: 0.26
1997: 0.27
1996: 0.54
1995: 0.54

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Malta, annual male firearm suicides total

2017: 311
2016: 1
2015: 2
2014: 4
2013: 2
2012: 1
2011: 2
2010: 7
2009: 5
2008: 2
2007: 6
2006: 3
2005: 1
2004: 3
2003: 2
2001: 3
2000: 5

Rate of Male Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Malta, the annual rate of male firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2017: 1.3411
2016: 0.45
2015: 0.92
2014: 1.86
2013: 0.94
2012: 0.48
2011: 0.96
2010: 3.37
2009: 2.42
2008: 0.97
2007: 2.95
2006: 1.48
2005: 0.50
2004: 1.50
2003: 1
2001: 1.53
2000: 2.56

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Malta, annual female firearm suicides total

2015: 111
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 1

Rate of Female Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Malta, the annual rate of female firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.4611
2009: 0.48

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn Malta, annual handgun suicides total

2011: 212
2001: 1

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Malta, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.4812
2001: 0.25

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn Malta, the number of long gun suicides is

2013: 112
2010: 2
2004: 1
2001: 1
2000: 1
1999: 1
1998: 1
1997: 1
1996: 1
1995: 1

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Malta, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.2412
2010: 0.48
2004: 0.25
2001: 0.25
2000: 0.26
1999: 0.26
1998: 0.26
1997: 0.27
1996: 0.27
1995: 0.27

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn Malta, annual gun suicides (other) total

2014: 412
2013: 1
2012: 1
2010: 5
2009: 6
2008: 2
2007: 6
2006: 3
2005: 1
2004: 2
2003: 2
2002: 1
2001: 1
2000: 4
1999: 2
1996: 1
1995: 1

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Malta, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.9412
2013: 0.24
2012: 0.24
2010: 1.21
2009: 1.45
2008: 0.49
2007: 1.48
2006: 0.74
2005: 0.25
2004: 0.50
2003: 0.50
2002: 0.25
2001: 0.25
2000: 1.04
1999: 0.53
1996: 0.27
1995: 0.27

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Malta, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2017: 111
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 513 14
2011: 0
2010: 0
2006: 1
2000: 1
1999: 1
1998: 1

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Malta, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2017: 0.2211
2016:
2015:
2014:
2013:
2012: 1.18
2011:
2010:
2009:
2008:
2007:
2006: 0.25
2005:
2004:
2003:
2001:
2000: 0.25
1999: 0.26
1998: 0.26

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Malta, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2017: 111
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 5
2011: 0
2010: 0
2006: 1
2000: 1

Rate of Unintentional Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Malta, the annual rate of unintentional male shooting death per 100,000 population is

2017: 0.4511
2012: 2.38
2006: 0.49
2000: 0.51

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Malta, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2014: 011
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn Malta, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2012: 513
2006: 1
2000: 1
1999: 1
1998: 1

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Malta, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2012: 1.1913
2006: 0.25
2000: 0.26
1999: 0.26
1998: 0.26

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Malta, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 011
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
1999: 019
1996: 320

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Malta, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

1999: 0.0019
1996: 0.8020

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Malta, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 011
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Malta, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 011
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Handgun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

In Malta, annual deaths by handgun in which the cause remains undecided total

1996: 120

Rate of Handgun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

In Malta, the annual rate of unknown-cause handgun deaths per 100,000 population is

1996: 0.2720

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

In Malta, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

1996: 220

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

In Malta, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

1996: 0.5420

Legal Intervention Gun Homicides

In Malta, annual legal-intervention gun homicides total

2007: 111

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Malta, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is prohibited25 26

Home-made Guns

In Malta, the prevalence of illicit craft, or 'home-made' firearm manufacture is reported to be low27

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Malta, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law28 29 30 31 32 33 34

Firearm Exports (Number)

The annual number of firearms exported from Malta is reported by manufacturers to be

2017: 15135

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

ChartThe annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Malta is reported by Customs to be US$

2021: 138,00036
2020: 67,000
2019: 72,000
2018: 405,000
2017: 97,000
2016: 433,000
2015: 1,093,000
2014: 2,905,000
2013: 2,489,000
2012: 4,430,000
2011: 3,252,000
2010: 520,000
2009: 206,000
2008: 29,000
2007: 36,000
2006: 16,000
2005: 9,000
2004: 3,000
2003: 3,000
2002: 2,000

Firearm Imports

In Malta, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law28 29 30 31 32 33

Firearm Imports (Number)

The annual number of firearms imported to Malta is reported to be

2017: 9,23635

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

ChartThe annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Malta is reported by Customs to be US$

2021: 2,384,00037
2020: 1,367,000
2019: 2,174,000
2018: 1,959,000
2017: 1,532,000
2016: 1,975,000
2015: 1,995,000
2014: 3,385,000
2013: 3,515,000
2012: 2,004,000
2011: 1,657,000
2010: 1,626,000
2009: 1,201,000
2008: 1,455,000
2007: 1,223,000
2006: 817,000
2005: 1,037,000
2004: 798,000
2003: 1,932,000
2002: 805,000

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Malta is low4

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Malta, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law29 38 39

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Malta is categorised as restrictive40

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Malta includes the Arms Ordinance Chapter 66 of the Laws of Malta,4 Directive (EU) 2021/555 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 24 March 2021 on control of the acquisition and possession of weapons,41 42 the European Union Firearms Regulation of 2012 and the Common Position on the Control of Arms Brokering of 200343

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Malta are regulated by the European Commission44

Right to Possess Firearms

In Malta, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law45 46

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Malta, civilians are not allowed to possess automatic firearms, firearms disguised as other objects, and armour-piercing, incendiary and expanding ammunition47 48

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Malta, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited47 48

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Malta, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted only with special authorisation49 50 48

Regulation of Handguns

In Malta, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted only with special authorisation, for shooting and collection only47 49 50 48

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Malta, only licensed gun owners51 47 49 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Malta are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting, target shooting, collection52

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Malta is 18 years52

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Malta must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental health and domestic violence52 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Malta, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required4

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Malta does not stipulate4 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Malta, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is not required4 for a firearm licence

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Malta are permitted to possess only ammunition suitable for the intended firearm33

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Malta, the law requires53 54 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Malta, licensed firearm dealers are required55 54 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Malta, State agencies are required56 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Malta, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful38 50

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Malta include4 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Malta include4 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

European Union

As a member of the European Union, Malta is bound by the provisions of the ‘EU Firearms Directive’ – the 2007 Legislative Resolution on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons of the European Parliament57 58

European Union Export Reporting

Under the European Union Common Position on Arms Exports, Malta is bound to declare its transfers of military technology and equipment. Independent monitoring provides detailed comparisons of arms export reporting compliance across EU member states, and records that Malta has yet to submit a national report59 on its arms transfers

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was not signed60 by Malta.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified61 by Malta

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has not been signed62 by Malta

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Malta committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects63

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Malta against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 10564 65 66 67 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Malta has submitted one or more national reports68 69 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Malta, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated69

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Malta, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated70 69

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Malta submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was not apparent69

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated69 by Malta to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Malta has not declared71 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Malta has been a Member State of the United Nations since 196472

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies lists73 Malta as a Participating State

BackgroundSustainable Development Goal Profile

About SDG 16

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are 17 goals set by the United Nations to be implemented by all member states by 2030. Adopted in 2015, they outline a vision of development in which peace and security are an integral part. SDG 16,74 which seeks to “promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development,” includes targets and indicators focused on reducing violence (Target 16.1) and the proliferation of illicit arms (Target 16.4). The indicators – or measurement criteria – of these targets include the number of victims of intentional homicide (Indicator 16.1.1), the number of conflict-related deaths (Indicator 16.1.2), and the number of illicit firearms collected and traced (Indicator 16.4.2). In light of these targets and indicators, GunPolicy.org provides granular national data pertaining to homicides, gun homicides, conflict deaths, disarmament efforts, and marking and tracing.

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Malta, annual homicides by any means total

2020: 721
2019: 5
2018: 7
2017: 9
2016: 5
2015: 4
2014: 6
2013: 7
2012: 12
2011: 3
2010: 4
2009: 4
2008: 6
2007: 4
2006: 022 18
2005: 4
2004: 722 23
2003: 0
2002: 622 24
2001: 622 16
2000: 4
1999: 1016
1998: 5

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Malta, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2020: 1.5921
2019: 1.14
2018: 1.59
2017: 2.06
2016: 1.15
2015: 0.92
2014: 1.39
2013: 1.64
2012: 2.84
2011: 0.72
2010: 0.97
2009: 0.96
2008: 1.46
2007: 0.98
2006: 0.022 18
2005: 1.0
2004: 1.722 23
2003: 0.0
2002: 1.522 24
2001: 1.5
2000: 1.022 16
1999: 2.516
1998: 1.3
1997: 0.6
1996: 1.1
1995: 0.9

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Malta, annual male homicides by any means total

2020: 1221
2019: 4
2018: 6
2017: 15
2016: 6
2015: 4
2014: 5
2013: 7
2012: 9
2011: 0
2010: 3
2009: 1
2008: 5
2007: 3

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Malta, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2020: 2.7121
2019: 0.91
2018: 1.36
2017: 3.65
2016: 1.37
2015: 0.92
2014: 2.33
2013: 3.29
2012: 4.29
2011: 0
2010: 1.46
2009: 0.49
2008: 2.44
2007: 1.47

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Malta, annual female homicides by any means total

2020: 221
2019: 6
2018: 8
2017: 2
2016: 4
2015: 4
2014: 1
2013: 0
2012: 3
2011: 3
2010: 1
2009: 3
2008: 1
2007: 1

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Malta, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2020: 0.4521
2019: 1.37
2018: 1.83
2017: 0.46
2016: 0.92
2015: 0.92
2014: 0.46
2013: 0
2012: 1.42
2011: 1.43
2010: 0.48
2009: 1.44
2008: 0.48
2007: 0.48

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Malta, annual firearm homicides total

2017: 211
2015: 211
2014: 2
2013: 3
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 1
2009: 022 16
2008: 3
2007: 2
2006: 022 16 18
2005: 1
2004: 1
2002: 117
2001: 1
2000: 2
1999: 6
1998: 2
1996: 2
1995: 3

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Malta, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2017: 0.4511
2015: 0.46
2014: 0.47
2010: 0.24
2008: 0.73
2004: 0.25
2002: 0.2517
2001: 0.25
2000: 0.51
1999: 0.58
1998: 0.53
1996: 0.54
1995: 0.81

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Malta, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2012: 42%22
2011: 0%
2010: 50%
2009: 0%
2008: 83%
2007: 50%
2006: 0%
2005: 25%
2004: 57.1%16

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Malta, annual male firearm homicides total

2017: 211
2015: 211
2014: 2
2013: 3
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 1
2008: 2
2007: 2
2004: 1
2001: 1
2000: 1

Rate of Male Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Malta, the annual rate of male firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2019: 11
2018:
2017: 0.90
2016:
2015: 0.92
2014: 0.93
2013:
2012:
2011:
2010: 0.48
2009:
2008: 0.97
2007:
2006:
2005:
2004: 0.50
2003:
2001: 0.51
2000: 0.51

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Malta, annual female firearm homicides total

2015: 011
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 1
2008: 1

Rate of Female Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Malta, the annual rate of female firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 021
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2010: 0.4811
2008: 0.48

Conflict Deaths

For a profile of conflict in Malta, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Marking and Tracing

Firearm Marking

In Malta, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law25 26 75

Firearm Tracing

In Malta, state authorities carry out76 75 54 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Global Peace Index

To see where Malta ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index, and then click on Malta on the map or in the "Select Country" menu on the right of the web page


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