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Mali — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Mali is

2017: 206,0001
2007: 143,0002

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Mali is

2017: 1.101
2007: 1.12

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Mali ranked at No. 1273

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Mali ranked at No. 1492

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Mali are reported to have 15,8004 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Mali are reported to have 3,0005 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Mali, annual homicides by any means total

2015: 1,9046
2012: 1,1197
2010: 1,836
2008: 1,1578

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Mali, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 11.316
2012: 7.57
2010: 12.65
2008: 8.08
2004: 18.009
2002: 12.70
1998: 0.71

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Mali, annual male homicides by any means total

2015: 1,45910
2010: 1,19310

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

In Mali, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 16.7010

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Mali, annual female homicides by any means total

2015: 44510
2010: 643

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

In Mali, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 5.1010

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Mali, annual suicides by any means total

2016: 85811
2015: 838
2010: 727
2000: 598

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Mali, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 4.9411
2015: 4.98
2010: 5.01
2000: 5.51

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Mali, annual male suicides by any means total

2016: 61911
2015: 601
2010: 526
2000: 423

Rate of Male Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Mali, the annual rate of male suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 7.3211
2015: 7.32
2010: 7.42
2000: 7.95

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Mali, annual female suicides by any means total

2016: 23911
2015: 236
2010: 200
2000: 175

Rate of Female Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Mali, the annual rate of female suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 2.6911
2015: 2.74
2010: 2.69
2000: 3.17

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Mali, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24

Home-made Guns

In Mali, the prevalence of illicit craft, or 'home-made' firearm manufacture is reported to be high25 26 24

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Mali, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law27 28 29 30 31

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Mali is reported by Customs to be US$337,31632 (2011)

Firearm Imports

In Mali, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law29 30 33 12 34 35 36 14 37 38 39 15 40 41

Firearm Imports (Number)

The annual number of firearms imported to Mali is reported to be

2015: 1,37742

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Mali is reported by Customs to be US$

2016: 15,000,00043

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Mali is high44 45 46 47 48

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Mali, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law49 31 50

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Mali do not include30 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Mali is categorised as restrictive51

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Mali includes the Law No. 04-050 of November 12, 2004, Governing Arms and Ammunition in the Republic of Mali, the Decree No 08-681/P-RM of November 11, 2008, Governing the Composition, Functions, Organisation and Functioning of the National Commission for the Fight Against the Proliferation of Small Arms, the Decree No. 05 441/P RM of October 13, 2005, and the Law No 01-075 of July 18, 2001 (Customs Code)52 24 27 53

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Mali are regulated by the Minister of Internal Security, under the cover of the State Representative,33 the Governor of the Region or District of Bamako under the cover of State Representative,34 the representative of the department in charge of urban planning18 54

Right to Possess Firearms

In Mali, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law55 56 57 58 59

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Mali, civilians are not allowed to possess weapons of war54 60

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Mali, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited54 60

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Mali, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is prohibited54 60

Regulation of Handguns

In Mali, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence54 60

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Mali, only licensed gun owners34 35 36 37 38 61 62 63 54 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Mali are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example demonstrating a need for protection62

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Mali is 18 years old64

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Mali must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental health, and addiction64 41 63 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Mali, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required57 58 59

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Mali does not stipulate57 58 59 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Mali, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is not required57 58 59 for a firearm licence

Licensing Records

In Mali, authorities maintain a record65 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Mali are permitted to possess any number of firearms57 58 59

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Mali are permitted to possess a limited quantity of smoothbore and rifled ammunition fixed by the Minister in charge of Internal Security66

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Mali, the law requires65 67 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Mali, licensed firearm dealers are required68 69 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Mali, licensed gun makers are required68 69 23 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Mali, State agencies are required70 71 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Mali, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited without authorisation39 61 37 38 72 73

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Mali, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful33 13 17 18 20 21 22 74 75

Background Checks for Private Gun Sales

The buyer of a firearm in a private sale in Mali is obliged41 to pass official background checks before taking possession

Background Checks for Dealer Gun Sales

The buyer of a firearm from a licensed gun dealer in Mali is obliged41 to pass official background checks before taking possession

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In Mali, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is undetermined57 58 59

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Mali, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are not regulated57 58 59 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Mali do not include57 58 59 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Mali include18 74 75 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Mali include70 71 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Mali do not include57 58 59 50 31 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Mali, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit34 35 36 62

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Mali, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit34 35 36 62

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Mali, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm76 is five years in prison and a fine77

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

African Union

In June 2006, as a member of the African Union, Mali adopted an African Common Position to take to the Conference to Review the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA), held in June 200678 79

Economic Community of West African States

In June 2006, as a member of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), Mali adopted the ECOWAS Convention on Small Arms and Light Weapons, their Ammunition and other Related Materials. This stipulates strict controls on the transfer, manufacture, possession and security of small arms and light weapons80 81

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 200682 by Mali.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified83 by Mali

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified84 by Mali

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Mali committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects85

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Mali against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 1786 87 88 89 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Mali has submitted one or more national reports90 91 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Mali, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated92 91

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Mali, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated92

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Mali submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent92 91

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated91 by Mali to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided91 to Mali by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Mali has not declared93 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Mali has been a Member State of the United Nations since 196094

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list95 Mali as a Participating State

BackgroundSustainable Development Goal Profile

About SDG 16

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are 17 goals set by the United Nations to be implemented by all member states by 2030. Adopted in 2015, they outline a vision of development in which peace and security are an integral part. SDG 16,96 which seeks to “promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development,” includes targets and indicators focused on reducing violence (Target 16.1) and the proliferation of illicit arms (Target 16.4). The indicators – or measurement criteria – of these targets include the number of victims of intentional homicide (Indicator 16.1.1), the number of conflict-related deaths (Indicator 16.1.2), and the number of illicit firearms collected and traced (Indicator 16.4.2). In light of these targets and indicators, GunPolicy.org provides granular national data pertaining to homicides, gun homicides, conflict deaths, disarmament efforts, and marking and tracing.

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Mali, annual homicides by any means total

2015: 1,9046
2012: 1,1197
2010: 1,836
2008: 1,1578

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Mali, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 11.316
2012: 7.57
2010: 12.65
2008: 8.08
2004: 18.009
2002: 12.70
1998: 0.71

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Mali, annual male homicides by any means total

2015: 1,45910
2010: 1,19310

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

In Mali, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 16.7010

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Mali, annual female homicides by any means total

2015: 44510
2010: 643

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

In Mali, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 5.1010

Conflict Deaths

For a profile of conflict in Mali, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Disarmament

Authorities in Mali are known to have97 98 99 100 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Surrendered in Gun Amnesty

ChartIn Mali, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered in recent arms amnesty and collection programmes is reported to be

2010: 2,32697
2008: 81998
2004: 1,00099
2000/2001: 850100
1995: 2,700101

Exchanged in Gun Buyback

In Mali, the total number of firearms exchanged for monetary or in-kind compensation during recent gun buyback and disposal programmes is reported to be

2005: 1,00099

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn Mali, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2010: 2,32697
2008: 81998
2004: 1,00099
2000/2001: 850100
1996: 3,000102

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Mali, it is not state policy70 98 99 100 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

Marking and Tracing

Firearm Marking

In Mali, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law103 19 67 23 30 104

Firearm Tracing

In Mali, state authorities carry out105 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Mali, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are not57 58 59 recorded in a register

Global Peace Index

To see where Mali ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index, and then click on Mali on the map or in the "Select Country" menu on the right of the web page


Short References

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Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Military Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Military-Owned Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13436)Full Citation

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Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Law Enforcement Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Law Enforcement Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13435)Full Citation

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UNODC.2014.‘Homicides in Mali.’ Global Study on Homicide 2013: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC),10 April. (Q10005)Full Citation

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UNODC.2013.‘Homicide in 207 Countries - Mali.’ Global Study on Homicide 2011: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,26 June. (Q6377)Full Citation

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Mali.2004.‘Article 11.’ Act No 04-050 of November 12, 2004, Regulating Arms and Ammunition in the Republic of Mali (Loi No 04-050 du 12 novembre 2004, Régissant les Armes et Munitions en République du Mali).Bamako:Office of the President of the Republic of Mali,12 November. (Q4439)Full Citation

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Mali.2004.‘Article 18.’ Act No 04-050 of November 12, 2004, Regulating Arms and Ammunition in the Republic of Mali (Loi No 04-050 du 12 novembre 2004, Régissant les Armes et Munitions en République du Mali).Bamako:Office of the President of the Republic of Mali,12 November. (Q4444)Full Citation

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Mali.2004.‘Article 33.’ Act No 04-050 of November 12, 2004, Regulating Arms and Ammunition in the Republic of Mali (Loi No 04-050 du 12 novembre 2004, Régissant les Armes et Munitions en République du Mali).Bamako:Office of the President of the Republic of Mali,12 November. (Q4452)Full Citation

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Mali.2004.‘Article 35.’ Act No 04-050 of November 12, 2004, Regulating Arms and Ammunition in the Republic of Mali (Loi No 04-050 du 12 novembre 2004, Régissant les Armes et Munitions en République du Mali).Bamako:Office of the President of the Republic of Mali,12 November. (Q4453)Full Citation

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Mali.2005.‘Article 3 - Loi No 04-050 du 12 novembre 2004, Régissant les Armes et Munitions en République du Mali.’ Decree No 05-441/P-RM of October 13, 2005, for the Implementation of the Act No 04-050 of November 12, 2004, Regulating Arms and Ammunition in the Republic of Mali.Bamako:Office of the President of the Republic of Mali,13 October. (Q4458)Full Citation

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Mali.2005.‘Article 5 - Loi No 04-050 du 12 novembre 2004, Régissant les Armes et Munitions en République du Mali.’ Decree No 05-441/P-RM of October 13, 2005, for the Implementation of the Act No 04-050 of November 12, 2004, Regulating Arms and Ammunition in the Republic of Mali.Bamako:Office of the President of the Republic of Mali,13 October. (Q4459)Full Citation

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Mali.2005.‘Article 7 - Loi No 04-050 du 12 novembre 2004, Régissant les Armes et Munitions en République du Mali.’ Decree No 05-441/P-RM of October 13, 2005, for the Implementation of the Act No 04-050 of November 12, 2004, Regulating Arms and Ammunition in the Republic of Mali.Bamako:Office of the President of the Republic of Mali,13 October. (Q4460)Full Citation

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Mali.2005.‘Article 8 - Loi No 04-050 du 12 novembre 2004, Régissant les Armes et Munitions en République du Mali.’ Decree No 05-441/P-RM of October 13, 2005, for the Implementation of the Act No 04-050 of November 12, 2004, Regulating Arms and Ammunition in the Republic of Mali.Bamako:Office of the President of the Republic of Mali,13 October. (Q4461)Full Citation

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Mali.2005.‘Article 9 - Loi No 04-050 du 12 novembre 2004, Régissant les Armes et Munitions en République du Mali.’ Decree No 05-441/P-RM of October 13, 2005, for the Implementation of the Act No 04-050 of November 12, 2004, Regulating Arms and Ammunition in the Republic of Mali.Bamako:Office of the President of the Republic of Mali,13 October. (Q4462)Full Citation

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Mali.2005.‘Article 10 - Loi No 04-050 du 12 novembre 2004, Régissant les Armes et Munitions en République du Mali.’ Decree No 05-441/P-RM of October 13, 2005, for the Implementation of the Act No 04-050 of November 12, 2004, Regulating Arms and Ammunition in the Republic of Mali.Bamako:Office of the President of the Republic of Mali,13 October. (Q4463)Full Citation

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Mali.2012.‘Manufacture (Fabrication).’ National Report of Mali on Its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Mali to the United Nations,1 January. (Q12486)Full Citation

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Mali.2010.‘Home-made Manufacture (Fabrication Artisanale).’ National Report of Mali on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Mali to the United Nations,1 January. (Q3956)Full Citation

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Mali.2018.‘Manufacture (Fabrication).’ National Report of Mali on Its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Mali to the United Nations,1 January. (Q13722)Full Citation

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Florquin, Nicolas, Sigrid Lipott and Francis Wairagu.2019.‘Excerpts on Illicit/Craft Production - Mali.’ Weapons Compass: Mapping Illicit Small Arms Flows in Africa.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 January. (Q13994)Full Citation

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Mali.2003.‘Legislation - Regulation - Administrative Procedures (La Législation - Réglementations - Procédures Administrative).’ National Report of Mali on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Mali to the United Nations,24 June. (Q3959)Full Citation

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Mali.2018.‘International Transfers (Transferts internationaux).’ National Report of Mali on Its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Mali to the United Nations,1 January. (Q13723)Full Citation

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Mali.2004.‘Article 8.’ Act No 04-050 of November 12, 2004, Regulating Arms and Ammunition in the Republic of Mali.Bamako:Office of the President of the Republic of Mali,12 November. (Q4435)Full Citation

34.

Mali.2004.‘Article 12.’ Act No 04-050 of November 12, 2004, Regulating Arms and Ammunition in the Republic of Mali (Loi No 04-050 du 12 novembre 2004, Régissant les Armes et Munitions en République du Mali).Bamako:Office of the President of the Republic of Mali,12 November. (Q4440)Full Citation

35.

Mali.2004.‘Article 13.’ Act No 04-050 of November 12, 2004, Regulating Arms and Ammunition in the Republic of Mali (Loi No 04-050 du 12 novembre 2004, Régissant les Armes et Munitions en République du Mali).Bamako:Office of the President of the Republic of Mali,12 November. (Q4441)Full Citation

36.

Mali.2004.‘Article 16.’ Act No 04-050 of November 12, 2004, Regulating Arms and Ammunition in the Republic of Mali (Loi No 04-050 du 12 novembre 2004, Régissant les Armes et Munitions en République du Mali).Bamako:Office of the President of the Republic of Mali,12 November. (Q4442)Full Citation

37.

Mali.2004.‘Article 19.’ Act No 04-050 of November 12, 2004, Regulating Arms and Ammunition in the Republic of Mali (Loi No 04-050 du 12 novembre 2004, Régissant les Armes et Munitions en République du Mali).Bamako:Office of the President of the Republic of Mali,12 November. (Q4445)Full Citation

38.

Mali.2004.‘Article 21.’ Act No 04-050 of November 12, 2004, Regulating Arms and Ammunition in the Republic of Mali (Loi No 04-050 du 12 novembre 2004, Régissant les Armes et Munitions en République du Mali).Bamako:Office of the President of the Republic of Mali,12 November. (Q4446)Full Citation

39.

Mali.2004.‘Article 25.’ Act No 04-050 of November 12, 2004, Regulating Arms and Ammunition in the Republic of Mali (Loi No 04-050 du 12 novembre 2004, Régissant les Armes et Munitions en République du Mali).Bamako:Office of the President of the Republic of Mali,12 November. (Q4448)Full Citation

40.

Mali.2005.‘Article 12 - Loi No 04-050 du 12 novembre 2004, Régissant les Armes et Munitions en République du Mali.’ Decree No 05-441/P-RM of October 13, 2005, for the Implementation of the Act No 04-050 of November 12, 2004, Regulating Arms and Ammunition in the Republic of Mali.Bamako:Office of the President of the Republic of Mali,13 October. (Q4464)Full Citation

41.

Mali.2005.‘Article 19 - Loi No 04-050 du 12 novembre 2004, Régissant les Armes et Munitions en République du Mali.’ Decree No 05-441/P-RM of October 13, 2005, for the Implementation of the Act No 04-050 of November 12, 2004, Regulating Arms and Ammunition in the Republic of Mali.Bamako:Office of the President of the Republic of Mali,13 October. (Q4468)Full Citation

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