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Maldives — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in the Maldives is

2017: 23,0001
2007: 21,0002

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in the Maldives is

2017: 6.201
2007: 6.52

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, the Maldives ranked at No. 1663

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, the Maldives ranked at No. 852

Government Guns

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in the Maldives are reported to have 3,0004 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn the Maldives, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2011: 05
2010: 0

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Maldives, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2011: 05
2010: 0

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn the Maldives, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2011: 05
2010: 0

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn the Maldives, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2011: 05
2010: 0

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn the Maldives, annual homicides by any means total

2016: 156
2015: 14
2010: 13
2000: 10

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn the Maldives, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 3.826
2015: 3.56
2010: 3.29
2000: 3.33

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn the Maldives, annual male homicides by any means total

2016: 126
2015: 12
2010: 10
2000: 8

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn the Maldives, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 5.546
2015: 5.48
2010: 4.33
2000: 4.94

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn the Maldives, annual female homicides by any means total

2016: 36
2015: 3
2010: 3
2000: 2

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn the Maldives, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 1.706
2015: 1.72
2010: 1.82
2000: 1.45

Gun Homicides

ChartIn the Maldives, annual firearm homicides total

2011: 05
2010: 0
2008: 57
2007: 2

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Maldives, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2011: 05
2010: 0
2008: 1.67
2007: 0.7

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn the Maldives, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2008: 100%8
2007: 67%

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn the Maldives, annual male firearm homicides total

2011: 05
2010: 0

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn the Maldives, annual female firearm homicides total

2011: 05
2010: 0

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn the Maldives, annual suicides by any means total

2016: 106
2015: 11
2010: 12
2000: 12

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn the Maldives, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 2.546
2015: 2.80
2010: 3.03
2000: 4.00

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn the Maldives, annual male suicides by any means total

2016: 76
2015: 8
2010: 8
2000: 8

Rate of Male Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn the Maldives, the annual rate of male suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

20112010: 3.46
2016: 3.236
2015: 3.65
2000: 4.94

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn the Maldives, annual female suicides by any means total

2016: 26
2015: 3
2010: 3
2000: 5

Rate of Female Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn the Maldives, the annual rate of female suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 1.136
2015: 1.72
2010: 1.82
2007: 1.285
2000: 3.62

Gun Suicides

ChartIn the Maldives, annual firearm suicides total

2011: 05
2010: 0

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Maldives, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2011: 05
2010: 0

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn the Maldives, annual male firearm suicides total

2011: 05
2010: 0

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn the Maldives, annual female firearm suicides total

2011: 05
2010: 0

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn the Maldives, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2011: 05
2010: 0

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Maldives, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2011: 05
2010: 0

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn the Maldives, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2011: 05
2010: 0

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn the Maldives, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2011: 05
2010: 0

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn the Maldives, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2011: 05
2010: 0

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn the Maldives, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2011: 05
2010: 0

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn the Maldives, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2011: 05
2010: 0

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In the Maldives, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is prohibited9

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In the Maldives, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law10 11

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from the Maldives is reported by Customs to be US$10912 (2011)

Firearm Imports

In the Maldives, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law10 11

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to the Maldives is reported by Customs to be US$159,27312 (2011)

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in the Maldives is low13

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In the Maldives, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are not specifically regulated by law14

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in the Maldives include15 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

Law Regulates Civilian Access to Firearms

In the Maldives, civilian possession of guns is regulated by law16

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in the Maldives includes the Regulations on weapons and Laws on import and export of arms and ammunition10

Right to Possess Firearms

In the Maldives, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law17 18

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

Law Regulates Automatic Weapons

In the Maldives, civilian possession of automatic weapons is regulated by law16

Law Regulates Handguns

In the Maldives, civilian possession of handguns is regulated by law16

Law Regulates Long Guns

In the Maldives, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law16

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In the Maldives, the law requires19 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

State-Owned Firearm Records

In the Maldives, State agencies are required20 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in the Maldives include20 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In the Maldives, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law16

MeasuresInternational Controls

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was not signed21 by the Maldives.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has not been signed22 by the Maldives

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has not been signed23 by the Maldives

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, the Maldives committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects24

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored the Maldives against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 8825 26 27 28 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, the Maldives have yet to submit a national report29 30 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In the Maldives, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated31

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated30 by the Maldives to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, the Maldives have not declared32 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, the Maldives have been a Member State of the United Nations since 196533

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list34 the Maldives as a Participating State

BackgroundSustainable Development Goal Profile

About SDG 16

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are 17 goals set by the United Nations to be implemented by all member states by 2030. Adopted in 2015, they outline a vision of development in which peace and security are an integral part. SDG 16,35 which seeks to “promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development,” includes targets and indicators focused on reducing violence (Target 16.1) and the proliferation of illicit arms (Target 16.4). The indicators – or measurement criteria – of these targets include the number of victims of intentional homicide (Indicator 16.1.1), the number of conflict-related deaths (Indicator 16.1.2), and the number of illicit firearms collected and traced (Indicator 16.4.2). In light of these targets and indicators, GunPolicy.org provides granular national data pertaining to homicides, gun homicides, conflict deaths, disarmament efforts, and marking and tracing.

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn the Maldives, annual homicides by any means total

2016: 156
2015: 14
2010: 13
2000: 10

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn the Maldives, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 3.826
2015: 3.56
2010: 3.29
2000: 3.33

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn the Maldives, annual male homicides by any means total

2016: 126
2015: 12
2010: 10
2000: 8

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn the Maldives, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 5.546
2015: 5.48
2010: 4.33
2000: 4.94

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn the Maldives, annual female homicides by any means total

2016: 36
2015: 3
2010: 3
2000: 2

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn the Maldives, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 1.706
2015: 1.72
2010: 1.82
2000: 1.45

Gun Homicides

ChartIn the Maldives, annual firearm homicides total

2011: 05
2010: 0
2008: 57
2007: 2

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Maldives, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2011: 05
2010: 0
2008: 1.67
2007: 0.7

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn the Maldives, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2008: 100%8
2007: 67%

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn the Maldives, annual male firearm homicides total

2011: 05
2010: 0

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn the Maldives, annual female firearm homicides total

2011: 05
2010: 0

Conflict Deaths

For a profile of conflict in the Maldives, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Disarmament

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In the Maldives, it is state policy36 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

Marking and Tracing

Firearm Marking

In the Maldives, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law19 37

Firearm Tracing

In the Maldives, state authorities do not carry out38 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Global Peace Index

To see where the Maldives ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index, and then click on the Maldives on the map or in the "Select Country" menu on the right of the web page


Short References

1.

Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Civilian Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Civilian-Held Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13434)Full Citation

2.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms - Annexe online.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q5)Full Citation

3.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q4)Full Citation

4.

Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Law Enforcement Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Law Enforcement Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13435)Full Citation

5.

WHO.2016.‘Inter-country Comparison of Mortality for Selected Causes of Death.’ WHO Mortality Data Base.Geneva:World Health Organisation,1 December. (Q13354)Full Citation

6.

WHO.2018.‘Violent Death Estimates by Country.’ Disease Burden and Mortality Estimates: Cause-Specific Mortality, 2000–2016.Geneva:World Health Organization,1 January. (Q14136)Full Citation

7.

UNODC.2013.‘Homicide in 207 Countries - Maldives.’ Global Study on Homicide 2011: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,26 June. (Q6301)Full Citation

8.

UNODC.2014.‘Homicides and Gun Homicides in the Maldives.’ Global Study on Homicide 2013: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC),10 April. (Q10278)Full Citation

9.

Maldives.2016.‘Manufacture.’ National Report of the Republic of Maldives on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of the Republic of Maldives to the United Nations,16 March. (Q12964)Full Citation

10.

Maldives.2016.‘International Transfers.’ National Report of the Republic of Maldives on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of the Republic of Maldives to the United Nations,16 March. (Q12965)Full Citation

11.

Maldives.2016.‘International Transfers - Record Keeping.’ National Report of the Republic of Maldives on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of the Republic of Maldives to the United Nations,16 March. (Q12968)Full Citation

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Marsh, Nicholas.2014.‘Database of Authorised Transfers of Small Arms and Light Weapons.’ NISAT Small Arms Trade Database.Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers,22 December. (Q16)Full Citation

13.

Maldives.2018.‘International Transfers.’ National Report of Maldives on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Maldives to the United Nations,1 January. (Q13939)Full Citation

14.

Maldives.2016.‘Brokering.’ National Report of the Republic of Maldives on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of the Republic of Maldives to the United Nations,16 March. (Q12969)Full Citation

15.

Maldives.2016.‘End-user Certificate.’ National Report of the Republic of Maldives on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of the Republic of Maldives to the United Nations,16 March. (Q12966)Full Citation

16.

Butchart, Alexander, Christopher Mikton and Etienne Krug.2014.‘Country Profile: Maldives.’ Global Status Report on Violence Prevention 2014.Geneva:World Health Organisation (WHO), United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and United Nations Development Programme (UNDP),10 December. (Q9624)Full Citation

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Sherman, Amy and Tom Ginsburg.2014.‘Gun Rights in National Constitutions.’ Marco Rubio Says Second Amendment Is Unique in Speech to NRA.Miami, FL:Miami Herald (PolitiFact Florida),29 April. (Q8507)Full Citation

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Zachary Elkins, Tom Ginsburg and James Melton. 2013. ‘U.S. Gun Rights Truly Are American Exceptionalism.’ Bloomberg (USA). 7 March. (N422) Full Citation

19.

Maldives.2016.‘Marking and Record Keeping.’ National Report of the Republic of Maldives on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of the Republic of Maldives to the United Nations,16 March. (Q12971)Full Citation

20.

Maldives.2016.‘Stockpile Management.’ National Report of the Republic of Maldives on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of the Republic of Maldives to the United Nations,16 March. (Q12970)Full Citation

21.

GDAV.2006.‘Geneva Declaration.’ Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development.Geneva:Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development Secretariat,7 June. (Q7162)Full Citation

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UNODA.2013.‘Towards Entry Into Force.’ Arms Trade Treaty.New York, NY:United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,2 April. (Q7226)Full Citation

23.

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34.

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36.

Maldives.2018.‘Surplus.’ National Report of Maldives on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Maldives to the United Nations,1 January. (Q13940)Full Citation

37.

Maldives.2016.‘Marking at Import.’ National Report of the Republic of Maldives on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of the Republic of Maldives to the United Nations,16 March. (Q12967)Full Citation

38.

Maldives.2016.‘International Tracing.’ National Report of the Republic of Maldives on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of the Republic of Maldives to the United Nations,16 March. (Q12972)Full Citation