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Maldives — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in the Maldives is

2017: 23,0001
2007: 21,0002

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in the Maldives is

2017: 6.201
2007: 6.52

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, the Maldives ranked at No. 1663

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, the Maldives ranked at No. 852

Government Guns

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in the Maldives are reported to have 3,0004 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn the Maldives, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2011: 05
2010: 0

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Maldives, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2011: 05
2010: 0

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn the Maldives, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2011: 05
2010: 0

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn the Maldives, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2011: 05
2010: 0

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn the Maldives, annual homicides by any means total

2013: 36
2012: 10
2011: 15
2010: 2
2009: 6
2008: 2
2007: 3
2003: 47
2002: 88
2001: 7

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn the Maldives, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.766
2012: 2.54
2011: 0.255
2010: 0.51
2009: 1.51
2008: 0.52
2007: 0.82
2005: 0.309
2004: 1.80
2003: 1.287
2002: 2.798
2001: 2.50
1997: 2.310
1995: 0.8

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn the Maldives, annual male homicides by any means total

2013: 211
2011: 15
2010: 2
2008: 2

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn the Maldives, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2013: 1.0811
2011: 0.445
2010: 0.87
2008: 0.89

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn the Maldives, annual female homicides by any means total

2013: 111
2011: 05
2010: 0

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

In the Maldives, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.3411

Gun Homicides

ChartIn the Maldives, annual firearm homicides total

2011: 05
2010: 0
2008: 510
2007: 2

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Maldives, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2011: 05
2010: 0
2008: 1.610
2007: 0.7

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn the Maldives, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2008: 100%12
2007: 67%

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn the Maldives, annual male firearm homicides total

2011: 05
2010: 0

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn the Maldives, annual female firearm homicides total

2011: 05
2010: 0

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn the Maldives, annual suicides by any means total

2011: 25
2010: 1
2007: 5

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn the Maldives, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.515
2010: 0.25
2007: 1.37

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn the Maldives, annual male suicides by any means total

2011: 25
2010: 1
2007: 3

Rate of Male Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn the Maldives, the annual rate of male suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2011: 1.205
2010: 0.61
2007: 1.92

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn the Maldives, annual female suicides by any means total

2011: 05
2010: 0
2007: 25

Rate of Female Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

In the Maldives, the annual rate of female suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2007: 1.285

Gun Suicides

ChartIn the Maldives, annual firearm suicides total

2011: 05
2010: 0

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Maldives, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2011: 05
2010: 0

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn the Maldives, annual male firearm suicides total

2011: 05
2010: 0

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn the Maldives, annual female firearm suicides total

2011: 05
2010: 0

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn the Maldives, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2011: 05
2010: 0

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Maldives, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2011: 05
2010: 0

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn the Maldives, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2011: 05
2010: 0

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn the Maldives, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2011: 05
2010: 0

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn the Maldives, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2011: 05
2010: 0

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn the Maldives, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2011: 05
2010: 0

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn the Maldives, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2011: 05
2010: 0

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In the Maldives, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is prohibited13

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In the Maldives, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law14 15

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from the Maldives is reported by Customs to be US$10916 (2011)

Firearm Imports

In the Maldives, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law14 15

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to the Maldives is reported by Customs to be US$159,27316 (2011)

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in the Maldives is low17

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In the Maldives, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are not specifically regulated by law18

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in the Maldives include19 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

Law Regulates Civilian Access to Firearms

In the Maldives, civilian possession of guns is regulated by law20

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in the Maldives includes the Regulations on weapons and Laws on import and export of arms and ammunition14

Right to Possess Firearms

In the Maldives, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law21 22

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

Law Regulates Automatic Weapons

In the Maldives, civilian possession of automatic weapons is regulated by law20

Law Regulates Handguns

In the Maldives, civilian possession of handguns is regulated by law20

Law Regulates Long Guns

In the Maldives, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law20

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In the Maldives, the law requires23 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

State-Owned Firearm Records

In the Maldives, State agencies are required24 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in the Maldives include24 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In the Maldives, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law23 25

Firearm Tracing

In the Maldives, state authorities do not carry out26 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In the Maldives, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law20

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In the Maldives, it is state policy27 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was not signed28 by the Maldives.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has not been signed29 by the Maldives

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has not been signed30 by the Maldives

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, the Maldives committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects31

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored the Maldives against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 8832 33 34 35 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, the Maldives have yet to submit a national report36 37 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In the Maldives, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated38

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated37 by the Maldives to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, the Maldives have not declared39 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, the Maldives have been a Member State of the United Nations since 196540

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list41 the Maldives as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in the Maldives, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University


Short References

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Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms - Annexe online.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q5)Full Citation

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Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q4)Full Citation

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Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Law Enforcement Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Law Enforcement Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13435)Full Citation

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UNODC.2017.‘Intentional Homicide Victims.’ Crime and Drugs Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,19 May. (Q13355)Full Citation

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UNODC.2006.‘Reported Overall Homicide Numbers and Rates per 100,000 Population for 64 Countries, 2003-04.’ Ninth United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (2003 - 2004).Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,10 December. (Q9)Full Citation

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UNODC.2013.‘Homicide in 207 Countries - Maldives.’ Global Study on Homicide 2011: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,26 June. (Q6301)Full Citation

11.

UNODC.2017.‘Intentional Homicide Victims by Sex.’ Crime and Drugs Data.Vienna:UNODC,19 May. (Q13356)Full Citation

12.

UNODC.2014.‘Homicides and Gun Homicides in the Maldives.’ Global Study on Homicide 2013: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC),10 April. (Q10278)Full Citation

13.

Maldives.2016.‘Manufacture.’ National Report of the Republic of Maldives on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of the Republic of Maldives to the United Nations,16 March. (Q12964)Full Citation

14.

Maldives.2016.‘International Transfers.’ National Report of the Republic of Maldives on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of the Republic of Maldives to the United Nations,16 March. (Q12965)Full Citation

15.

Maldives.2016.‘International Transfers - Record Keeping.’ National Report of the Republic of Maldives on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of the Republic of Maldives to the United Nations,16 March. (Q12968)Full Citation

16.

Marsh, Nicholas.2014.‘Database of Authorised Transfers of Small Arms and Light Weapons.’ NISAT Small Arms Trade Database.Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers,22 December. (Q16)Full Citation

17.

Maldives.2018.‘International Transfers.’ National Report of Maldives on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Maldives to the United Nations,1 January. (Q13939)Full Citation

18.

Maldives.2016.‘Brokering.’ National Report of the Republic of Maldives on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of the Republic of Maldives to the United Nations,16 March. (Q12969)Full Citation

19.

Maldives.2016.‘End-user Certificate.’ National Report of the Republic of Maldives on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of the Republic of Maldives to the United Nations,16 March. (Q12966)Full Citation

20.

Butchart, Alexander, Christopher Mikton and Etienne Krug.2014.‘Country Profile: Maldives.’ Global Status Report on Violence Prevention 2014.Geneva:World Health Organisation (WHO), United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and United Nations Development Programme (UNDP),10 December. (Q9624)Full Citation

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Sherman, Amy and Tom Ginsburg.2014.‘Gun Rights in National Constitutions.’ Marco Rubio Says Second Amendment Is Unique in Speech to NRA.Miami, FL:Miami Herald (PolitiFact Florida),29 April. (Q8507)Full Citation

22.

Zachary Elkins, Tom Ginsburg and James Melton. 2013. ‘U.S. Gun Rights Truly Are American Exceptionalism.’ Bloomberg (USA). 7 March. (N422) Full Citation

23.

Maldives.2016.‘Marking and Record Keeping.’ National Report of the Republic of Maldives on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of the Republic of Maldives to the United Nations,16 March. (Q12971)Full Citation

24.

Maldives.2016.‘Stockpile Management.’ National Report of the Republic of Maldives on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of the Republic of Maldives to the United Nations,16 March. (Q12970)Full Citation

25.

Maldives.2016.‘Marking at Import.’ National Report of the Republic of Maldives on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of the Republic of Maldives to the United Nations,16 March. (Q12967)Full Citation

26.

Maldives.2016.‘International Tracing.’ National Report of the Republic of Maldives on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of the Republic of Maldives to the United Nations,16 March. (Q12972)Full Citation

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28.

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30.

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31.

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32.

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41.

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