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Madagascar — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Madagascar is

2017: 168,0001
2007: 150,0002

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Madagascar is

2017: 0.701
2007: 0.82

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Madagascar ranked at No. 1243

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Madagascar ranked at No. 1572

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Madagascar are reported to have 25,3204 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Madagascar are reported to have 20,0005 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Madagascar, annual homicides by any means total

2012: 2,4656
2011: 1307
2010: 1308
2008: 1,5889

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Madagascar, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2012: 11.16
2011: 0.67
2010: 0.628
2008: 8.19
2004: 11.7010
2002: 9.90
2000: 8.59
1995: 1.7510

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

In Madagascar, annual male homicides by any means total

2010: 9311

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

In Madagascar, annual female homicides by any means total

2010: 3711

Gun Homicides

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

In Madagascar, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2011: 39%7

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Madagascar, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence, but is not conducted in practice12 13

Home-made Guns

In Madagascar, the prevalence of illicit craft, or 'home-made' firearm manufacture is reported to be moderate14

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Madagascar, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law15 16

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Madagascar is reported by Customs to be US$47717 (2009)

Firearm Imports

In Madagascar, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law15 16 12 18

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Madagascar is reported by Customs to be US$288,15417 (2011)

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Madagascar is moderate19

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Madagascar, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are not specifically regulated by law20 16

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Madagascar include21 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Madagascar is categorised as restrictive22

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Madagascar includes the Law No. 69 011 of 22 July 1969 on the system for arms, excluding bladed weapons, the Decree No. 70 041 governing application of Law No. 69 011, and the Ruling No. 1545 on the arms categories15 16

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Madagascar are regulated by the Ministry responsible for the armed forces and the Home Office16 and the Ministries of the Interior18

Right to Possess Firearms

In Madagascar, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law23 24

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

Law Regulates Automatic Weapons

In Madagascar, civilian possession of automatic weapons is regulated by law7

Regulation of Handguns

In Madagascar, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence25 7

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Madagascar, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law7

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Madagascar, only licensed gun owners (for certain arms)25 7 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Madagascar are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting, target shooting, collection, personal protection, security25

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Madagascar is the legal age of responsibility25

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Madagascar must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental health and domestic violence25 7 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Madagascar, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are required25

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Madagascar stipulates25 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Madagascar, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is not required25 for a firearm licence

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Madagascar, the law requires25 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Madagascar, licensed firearm dealers are required18 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Madagascar, State agencies are required26 27 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Madagascar, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful18

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Madagascar do not include25 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Madagascar include27 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Madagascar include25 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Madagascar, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law26 12

Firearm Tracing

In Madagascar, state authorities do not carry out28 29 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Madagascar, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law7

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Madagascar, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed without a permit, with some restrictions25

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Madagascar, it is not state policy27 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

African Union

In June 2006, as a member of the African Union, Madagascar adopted an African Common Position to take to the Conference to Review the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA), held in June 200630 31

Southern African Development Community

As a member of the Southern African Development Community (SADC), Madagascar signed the SADC Declaration Concerning Firearms, Ammunition and Other Related Materials in March 2001. This laid the ground for the August, 2001 adoption of the legally binding SADC Protocol on Control of Firearms, Ammunition and Other Related Materials32

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 200733 by Madagascar.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified34 by Madagascar

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified35 by Madagascar

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Madagascar committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects36

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Madagascar against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 15337 38 39 40 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Madagascar has submitted one or more national reports41 42 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Madagascar, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated42

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Madagascar, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has not been designated42

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Madagascar submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was not apparent42

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated42 by Madagascar to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided42 to Madagascar by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Madagascar has not declared43 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Madagascar has been a Member State of the United Nations since 196044

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list45 Madagascar as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Madagascar, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Madagascar ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


Short References

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19.

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20.

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21.

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