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Macedonia — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Macedonia is

2017: 621,0001
2006: 256,0002

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Macedonia is

2017: 29.801
2006: 12.522

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

In Macedonia, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be 96,5873

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

In Macedonia, the number of handguns in civilian possession is reported to be 54,7133

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Macedonia ranked at No. 834

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Macedonia ranked at No. 205

Proportion of Households with Handguns

In Macedonia, the percentage of households with one or more handguns is reported to be

2012: 5.7%6

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Macedonia is reported to be

2017: 169,6871
2012: 157,0007
2005: 156,0005
2004: 156,0002
2003: 155,9963

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in Macedonia is

2012: 7.548
2005: 7.63
2004: 7.632
2003: 7.678

Estimated Number of Illicit Firearms

ChartUnlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Macedonia there are estimated to be

2017: 451,3131
2004: 100,0009 10 11 2

Estimated Rate of Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Macedonia the rate of illicit firearms per 100 people is estimated to be 4.908 2

Number of Households with Firearms

In Macedonia, the number of households containing one or more guns is reported to be

2012: 86,90212

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Macedonia are reported to have 29,53013 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Macedonia are reported to have 21,00014 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Macedonia, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2013: 2515
2012: 50
2011: 32
2010: 3816 17
2009: 3418 19 20
2008: 35
2007: 49
2006: 50
2003: 54
2002: 52
2001: 110
2000: 32
1999: 2918 19
1998: 4318 19 20
1997: 4118 19 20 21

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Macedonia, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2013: 1.2015
2012: 2.40
2011: 1.54
2010: 1.83
2009: 1.658
2008: 1.70
2007: 2.38
2006: 2.44
2003: 2.65
2002: 2.56
2001: 5.44
2000: 1.59
1999: 1.45
1998: 2.15
1997: 2.07

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Macedonia, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2013: 2315
2012: 45
2011: 28
2010: 31

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Macedonia, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2013: 215
2012: 5
2011: 4
2010: 7

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Macedonia, annual homicides by any means total

2014: 3322
2013: 1815
2012: 34
2011: 29
2010: 44
2009: 2923 24 25
2008: 40
2007: 48
2006: 53
2005: 52
2004: 56
2003: 66
2002: 69
2001: 131
2000: 60
1999: 5023 25
1998: 4523
1997: 43
1996: 45
1995: 28
1994: 33

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Macedonia, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2014: 1.5922
2013: 1.2015
2012: 2.40
2011: 1.54
2010: 1.83
2009: 1.408 24 25
2008: 1.94
2007: 2.33
2006: 2.58
2005: 2.54
2004: 2.74
2003: 3.24
2002: 3.40
2001: 6.47
2000: 2.98
1999: 2.498 25
1998: 2.26
1997: 2.17
1996: 2.28
1995: 1.43
1994: 1.708

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Macedonia, annual male homicides by any means total

2014: 2326
2013: 1215
2012: 27
2011: 22
2010: 31

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Macedonia, annual female homicides by any means total

2014: 1026
2013: 615
2012: 7
2011: 7
2010: 13

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Macedonia, annual firearm homicides total

2013: 1115
2012: 20
2011: 11
2010: 22
2009: 1218 27 24 25
2008: 1718 24 25
2007: 30
2006: 2518 28 24 25
2005: 2424 25 28
2004: 2929 25
2003: 3218
2002: 31
2001: 81
2000: 2018 25
1999: 16
1998: 2318
1997: 20
1995: 2830

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Macedonia, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.5315
2012: 0.96
2011: 0.53
2010: 1.06
2009: 0.5918 8 25
2008: 0.83
2007: 1.47
2006: 1.2318 28 8 25
2005: 1.1828 8 25
2004: 1.428 25
2003: 1.5818
2002: 1.53
2001: 3.98
2000: 0.9918 25
1999: 0.79
1998: 1.1518
1997: 1.0
1995: 1.4331

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Macedonia, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2011: 63%24 32
2010: 65%
2009: 37%
2008: 49%
2007: 62%
2006: 54%
2005: 55%
2004: 55.4%25
2000: 47.3%
1999: 35.3%

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Macedonia, annual male firearm homicides total

2013: 915
2012: 18
2011: 10
2010: 17

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Macedonia, annual female firearm homicides total

2013: 215
2012: 2
2011: 1
2010: 5

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn Macedonia, annual handgun homicides total

2010: 818
2009: 1
2008: 2
2007: 2
2006: 4

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Macedonia, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.3918
2009: 0.05
2008: 0.10
2007: 0.10
2006: 0.20

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn Macedonia, annual long gun homicides total

2009: 118
2007: 1
2006: 1

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Macedonia, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2009: 0.0518
2007: 0.05
2006: 0.05

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn Macedonia, annual gun homicides (other) total

2010: 1418
2009: 10
2008: 15
2007: 27
2006: 20

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Macedonia, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.6818
2009: 0.49
2008: 0.73
2007: 1.32
2006: 0.98

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Macedonia, annual suicides by any means total

2013: 17015
2012: 172
2011: 128
2010: 122
2009: 16723
2008: 161
2007: 159
2006: 165
2005: 143
2004: 179
2003: 136
2002: 149
2001: 151
2000: 148
1999: 169
1998: 151
1997: 155
1996: 143
1995: 130
1994: 128

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Macedonia, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2013: 8.1415
2012: 8.26
2011: 6.16
2010: 5.89
2009: 8.088
2008: 7.81
2007: 7.73
2006: 8.05
2005: 6.99
2004: 8.77
2003: 6.68
2002: 7.34
2001: 7.46
2000: 7.35
1999: 8.43
1998: 7.57
1997: 7.81
1996: 7.25
1995: 6.65
1994: 6.61

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Macedonia, annual male suicides by any means total

2013: 13615
2012: 120
2011: 96
2010: 87

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Macedonia, annual female suicides by any means total

2013: 3415
2012: 52
2011: 32
2010: 35

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Macedonia, annual firearm suicides total

2013: 1415
2012: 27
2011: 19
2010: 1319 17
2009: 1819 33
2008: 1719
2007: 18
2006: 19
2004: 2034 35
2003: 1719
2002: 15
2001: 14
2000: 8
1999: 13
1998: 18
1997: 16

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Macedonia, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.6715
2012: 1.30
2011: 0.91
2010: 0.63
2009: 0.8819 8
2008: 0.8319
2007: 0.88
2006: 0.93
2004: 0.988
2003: 0.8419
2002: 0.74
2001: 0.69
2000: 0.39
1999: 0.64
1998: 0.9
1997: 0.8

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Macedonia, annual male firearm suicides total

2013: 1415
2012: 24
2011: 17
2010: 12

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Macedonia, annual female firearm suicides total

2013: 015
2012: 3
2011: 2
2010: 1

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn Macedonia, annual handgun suicides total

2010: 219
2009: 6
2008: 4
2007: 5
2006: 5

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Macedonia, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.1019
2009: 0.29
2008: 0.20
2007: 0.24
2006: 0.25

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn Macedonia, the number of long gun suicides is

2010: 119
2009: 2
2008: 3
2007: 1
2006: 1

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Macedonia, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.0519
2009: 0.10
2008: 0.15
2007: 0.05
2006: 0.05

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn Macedonia, annual gun suicides (other) total

2010: 1019
2009: 10
2008: 10
2007: 12
2006: 13

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Macedonia, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.4919
2009: 0.49
2008: 0.49
2007: 0.59
2006: 0.64

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Macedonia, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2013: 015
2012: 3
2011: 2
2010: 320 17
2009: 420
2008: 1
2007: 1
2006: 6
2003: 5
2002: 6
2001: 15
2000: 4
1998: 2
1997: 5

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Macedonia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2013: 015
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0.20
2008: 0.05
2007: 0.05
2006: 0.29
2003: 0.25
2002: 0.3
2001: 0.74
2000: 0.2
1998: 0.1
1997: 0.25

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Macedonia, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2013: 015
2012: 3
2011: 1
2010: 2

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Macedonia, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2013: 015
2012: 0
2011: 1
2010: 1

Unintentional Handgun Deaths

ChartIn Macedonia, annual unintentional shooting deaths by handgun total

2010: 220
2009: 2
2008: 1
2006: 2

Rate of Unintentional Handgun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Macedonia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by handgun per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.1020
2009: 0.10
2008: 0.05
2006: 0.10

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

In Macedonia, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2010: 120

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

In Macedonia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.0520

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn Macedonia, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2009: 220
2007: 1
2006: 4

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Macedonia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2009: 0.1020
2007: 0.05
2006: 0.20

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Macedonia, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2013: 015
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
1997: 021

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

In Macedonia, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

1997: 0.0021

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Macedonia, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2013: 015
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Macedonia, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2013: 015
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Macedonia, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted for makers authorised by the Ministry of Internal Affairs and the Ministry of Defence36 37 38 39 40 41

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Macedonia, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law42 43 44 45

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Macedonia is reported by Customs to be US$ 94346 (2011)

Firearm Imports

In Macedonia, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law42 44 45

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Macedonia is reported by Customs to be US$963,75346 (2011)

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Macedonia is high47 48 49 50 51 52

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Macedonia, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law53

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Macedonia include43 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Macedonia is categorised as restrictive54

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Macedonia includes the Law on Arms 2005,55 the Law on Weapons,56 the Law on the Production of, and Trade In, Arms and Military Equipment,57 the Customs Law and the Law for testing and stamping or marking the firearms and ammunition41 44

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Macedonia are regulated by the Ministry of Internal Affairs58 59 and the Ministry of Defence60

Right to Possess Firearms

In Macedonia, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law61 62 63

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Macedonia, civilians are not allowed to possess automatic firearms, military weapons, firearms disguised as non-weapons, silenced firearms, and armour piercing, explosive or incendiary ammunition64 65 66

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Macedonia, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited64 65 66 32

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Macedonia, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted under licence, subject to strict permissions64 65 66

Regulation of Handguns

In Macedonia, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence, subject to strict conditions64 65 66 32

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Macedonia, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law64 65 66 32

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Macedonia, only licensed gun owners64 32 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Macedonia are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example self-defence, hunting, sport shooting, or collection67 68 69 70 71 72 73

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Macedonia is 18 years68 67

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Macedonia must pass a background check which considers criminal, medical, domestic violence, addiction, residential and various other67 68 74 75 76 77 32 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Macedonia, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required63

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Macedonia stipulates76 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Macedonia, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required78 71 79 67 68 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Macedonia, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every two to five years, depending on the age of the applicant80

Licensing Records

In Macedonia, authorities maintain a record38 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Macedonia are permitted to possess only firearms granted specific permission for possession or purchase by the Ministry of Internal Affairs81 82

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Macedonia are permitted to possess a maximum of 50 bullets once in the course of one calendar year and a maximum of 100 bullets for hunting arms83 82

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Macedonia, the law requires84 38 85 86 87 64 88 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Macedonia, licensed firearm dealers are required89 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Macedonia, licensed gun makers are required38 89 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Macedonia, State agencies are required88 90 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Macedonia, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited unless conducted by a notary81 82 91

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Macedonia, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful92

Background Checks for Private Gun Sales

The buyer of a firearm in a private sale in Macedonia is obliged67 68 74 75 76 77 to pass official background checks before taking possession

Background Checks for Dealer Gun Sales

The buyer of a firearm from a licensed gun dealer in Macedonia is obliged67 68 74 75 76 77 to pass official background checks before taking possession

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In Macedonia, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is undetermined63

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Macedonia, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are not regulated63 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Macedonia include93 94 95 96 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Macedonia include97 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Macedonia include98 90 99 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Macedonia include100 101 102 103 104 97 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Macedonia, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law105 106 107 39 108

Firearm Tracing

In Macedonia, state authorities carry out108 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Macedonia, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are84 recorded in a register

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Macedonia, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is prohibited103 100 64 32

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Macedonia, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is prohibited103 100 64 32

Gun Free Zones

In Macedonia, private guns are prohibited in public places (streets, squares, roads, excursion places, ports, airports, railway stations, bus stations, waiting rooms, tourism and trading facilities, handicraft shops, sport stadiums, playgrounds, means of public transportation, cinema halls, theatre or concert halls, exhibition spaces, gardens and similar), as well as other places that at a certain time serve for such purposes103 100

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Macedonia, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm109 is three to 10 years in prison110 111 112

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in Macedonia are known to have113 114 115 116 117 118 119 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Surrendered in Gun Amnesty

In Macedonia, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered in recent arms amnesty and collection programmes is reported to be 6,412116 to 7,571113 (2003)

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn Macedonia, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2013: 509120 121
2012: 179121
2011: 314
2010: 1,279

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn Macedonia, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2015: 535122
2013: 267120
2012: 1,560123
2010: 9,876119
2005: 5,313118
2004: 7,571117
2003: 6,412116
2001: 3,875114 113 115
2000: 1,514113
1999: 2,610113
1998: 1,274
1997: 1,725
1996: 1,103

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Macedonia, it is not state policy90 124 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 2009125 by Macedonia.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified126 by Macedonia

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified127 by Macedonia

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Macedonia committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects128

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Macedonia against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 24129 130 131 132 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Macedonia has submitted one or more national reports133 134 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Macedonia, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated135 134

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Macedonia, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated135 134

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Macedonia submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent135 134 136

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated134 by Macedonia to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided134 to Macedonia by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Macedonia has not declared137 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Macedonia has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1993138

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list139 Macedonia as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Macedonia, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Macedonia ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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