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Liechtenstein — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Liechtenstein is

2017: 11,0001

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Liechtenstein is

2017: 28.801

Government Guns

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Liechtenstein are reported to have 2002 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Liechtenstein, annual homicides by any means total

2015: 03
2014: 1
2013: 0
2012: 04
2011: 04 5
2010: 1
2009: 0
2008: 1
2007: 0
2006: 04 6
2005: 0
2004: 14 5
2003: 0
2002: 0
2001: 0
2000: 0
1999: 15
1998: 0
1997: 0
1996: 0
1995: 0

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Liechtenstein, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 03
2014: 2.68
2013: 0
2012: 0.04
2011: 0.04 5
2010: 2.77
2009: 0.0
2008: 2.8
2007: 0.0
2006: 0.04 6
2005: 0.0
2004: 2.94 5
2003: 0.0
2002: 0.0
2001: 0.0
2000: 0.0
1999: 3.15
1998: 0.0
1997: 0.0
1996: 0.0
1995: 0.0

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Liechtenstein, annual male homicides by any means total

2015: 07
2014: 1
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 1

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Liechtenstein, annual female homicides by any means total

2015: 07
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Liechtenstein, annual firearm homicides total

2011: 04
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 14 5
2007: 0
2006: 04 6
2005: 0

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Liechtenstein, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.008
2010: 0.00
2009: 0.00
2008: 2.818 5
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.008 6
2005: 0.00

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Liechtenstein, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2011: 0%4
2010: 0%
2009: 0%
2008: 100%
2007: 0%
2006: 0%
2005: 0%

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Liechtenstein, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence9

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Liechtenstein, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law10 11

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Liechtenstein is reported by Customs to be US$012 (2007)

Firearm Imports

In Liechtenstein, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law10 11

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Liechtenstein is reported by Customs to be US$012 (2010 - unknown value)

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Liechtenstein is low13 14

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Liechtenstein, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law15 11 16

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Liechtenstein include17 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Liechtenstein is categorised as restrictive18

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Liechtenstein includes the Liechtenstein Weapons Act, the Swiss Weapons Act and its Ordinance, the Swiss Military Material Act and its Ordinance,9 10 the Law on Brokering in Military Material and its Ordinance15

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Liechtenstein are regulated by the Liechtenstien National Police10

Right to Possess Firearms

In Liechtenstein, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law19 20

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

Regulation of Handguns

In Liechtenstein, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence14

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Liechtenstein, only licensed gun owners (for certain arms)14 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Liechtenstein are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting, target shooting, collection, personal protection, security14

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Liechtenstein is 18 years14

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Liechtenstein must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental health and domestic violence14 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Liechtenstein, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required14

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Liechtenstein stipulates14 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Liechtenstein, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is not required14 for a firearm licence

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Liechtenstein, the law requires21 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Liechtenstein, licensed firearm dealers are required22 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Liechtenstein, licensed gun makers are required22 23 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Liechtenstein, State agencies are required24 25 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Liechtenstein include14 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Liechtenstein include25 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Liechtenstein include14 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Liechtenstein, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law26 21 27

Firearm Tracing

In Liechtenstein, state authorities carry out26 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Liechtenstein, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed without a permit, with some restrictions14

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in Liechtenstein are known to have28 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn Liechtenstein, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2017: 1329
2016: 32
2011: 2228

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn Liechtenstein, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2017: 929
2016: 3

MeasuresInternational Controls

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 200830 by Liechtenstein.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified31 by Liechtenstein

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified32 by Liechtenstein

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Liechtenstein committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects33

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Liechtenstein against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 3934 35 36 37 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Liechtenstein has submitted one or more national reports38 16 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Liechtenstein, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated39 16

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Liechtenstein submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was not apparent16

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated16 by Liechtenstein to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Liechtenstein has declared40 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Liechtenstein has been a Member State of the United Nations since 199041

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list42 Liechtenstein as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Liechtenstein, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University


Short References

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2.

Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Law Enforcement Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Law Enforcement Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13435)Full Citation

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4.

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10.

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12.

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17.

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18.

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Sherman, Amy and Tom Ginsburg.2014.‘Gun Rights in National Constitutions.’ Marco Rubio Says Second Amendment Is Unique in Speech to NRA.Miami, FL:Miami Herald (PolitiFact Florida),29 April. (Q8507)Full Citation

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Zachary Elkins, Tom Ginsburg and James Melton. 2013. ‘U.S. Gun Rights Truly Are American Exceptionalism.’ Bloomberg (USA). 7 March. (N422) Full Citation

21.

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22.

Liechtenstein.2010.‘Military Material - Procedures and Documentation - Record Keeping.’ National Report of Liechtenstein on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Liechtenstein to the United Nations,28 January. (Q4561)Full Citation

23.

Liechtenstein.2010.‘Non-Military Material - Procedures and Documentation - Record Keeping.’ National Report of Liechtenstein on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Liechtenstein to the United Nations,28 January. (Q4562)Full Citation

24.

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