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Latvia — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Latvia is

2017: 205,0001
2005: 280,0002
2003: 66,1943 4 5

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Latvia is

2017: 10.501
2005: 19.02
2003: 2.856 7 5

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

In Latvia, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be 44,6578

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

In Latvia, the number of handguns in civilian possession is reported to be 10,8838

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Latvia ranked at No. 1059

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Latvia ranked at No. 322

Proportion of Adults Living in a Home With a Gun

In Latvia, the percentage of adults living in a household with a firearm is reported to be

2015: 5%10

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

The number of licensed gun owners in Latvia is reported to be 37,5818

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

The rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in Latvia is 1.626

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Latvia is reported to be

2017: 70,0001
2004: 57,5608

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

The rate of registered guns per 100 people in Latvia is 2.486

Estimated Number of Illicit Firearms

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Latvia there are estimated to be

2017: 135,0001

Estimated Rate of Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Latvia the rate of illicit firearms per 100 people is estimated to be 0.376

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Latvia are reported to have 27,93611 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Latvia are reported to have 17,00012 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Latvia, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 2913 14 15 16
2013: 3313 14 16
2012: 3413 14 16 17
2011: 4213 14 16
2010: 3218
2009: 4313 14 15 16
2008: 47
2007: 48
2006: 5213 14 16
2005: 4313 14 15 16
2004: 47
2003: 58
2002: 69
2001: 72
2000: 69
1999: 92
1998: 103
1997: 120
1996: 126

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 1.4419
2013: 1.63
2012: 1.66
2011: 2.02
2010: 1.51
2009: 1.936
2008: 2.09
2007: 2.12
2006: 2.29
2005: 1.88
2004: 2.04
2003: 2.50
2002: 2.95
2001: 3.05
2000: 2.90
1999: 3.84
1998: 4.27
1997: 4.93
1996: 5.12

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Latvia, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 2719
2013: 33
2012: 30
2011: 41
2010: 32

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Latvia, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 219
2013: 0
2012: 4
2011: 1
2010: 0

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Latvia, annual homicides by any means total

2015: 8120
2014: 13719
2013: 120
2012: 129
2011: 130
2010: 138
2009: 108
2008: 99
2007: 94
2006: 128
2005: 126
2004: 181
2003: 202
2002: 214
2001: 219
2000: 238
1999: 22921
1998: 250
1997: 272
1996: 268
1995: 288

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 4.1120
2014: 1.4419
2013: 1.63
2012: 1.66
2011: 2.02
2010: 1.51
2009: 5.1
2008: 4.622 21 23
2007: 4.3
2006: 5.8
2005: 5.7
2004: 8.0
2003: 8.8
2002: 9.2
2001: 9.3
2000: 10.0
1999: 9.521 23
1998: 10.3
1997: 11.2
1996: 10.9
1995: 11.6

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Latvia, annual male homicides by any means total

2015: 4524
2014: 9719
2013: 86
2012: 95
2011: 94
2010: 98

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Latvia, annual female homicides by any means total

2015: 3624
2014: 4019
2013: 34
2012: 34
2011: 36
2010: 40

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Latvia, annual firearm homicides total

2014: 1013
2013: 2
2012: 513 17
2011: 713
2010: 413 22
2009: 313 22 21
2008: 9
2007: 7
2006: 15
2005: 13
2004: 913 21
2003: 21
2002: 25
2001: 36
2000: 31
1999: 34
1998: 48
1997: 55
1996: 55
1995: 5625

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.5019
2013: 0.10
2012: 0.24
2011: 0.34
2010: 0.19
2009: 0.1413 6 21
2008: 0.41
2007: 0.32
2006: 0.68
2005: 0.58
2004: 0.4013 21
2003: 0.92
2002: 1.08
2001: 1.54
2000: 1.31
1999: 1.40
1998: 1.96
1997: 2.23
1996: 2.21
1995: 2.2325

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Latvia, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2011: 6%26
2010: 6%22
2009: 5%
2008: 8%
2007: 4%
2006: 3%
2005: 10%
2004: 3.5%21
2003: 8.4%
2002: 12.8%
2001: 16.4%
2000: 13.1%
1999: 14.8%
1998: 17.3%
1997: 13.8%
1996: 15.6%
1995: 16.1%

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Latvia, annual male firearm homicides total

2015: 819
2014: 8
2013: 2
2012: 2
2011: 6
2010: 4

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Latvia, annual female firearm homicides total

2015: 219
2014: 2
2013: 0
2012: 3
2011: 1
2010: 0

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn Latvia, annual handgun homicides total

2014: 313
2011: 2
2010: 1
2008: 1
2006: 4
2005: 1
2002: 1
2001: 7
2000: 3
1999: 2
1998: 1
1997: 2
1996: 29

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.1513
2011: 0.10
2010: 0.04
2008: 0.05
2006: 0.18
2005: 0.04
2002: 0.04
2001: 0.30
2000: 0.13
1999: 0.08
1998: 0.04
1997: 0.08
1996: 1.16

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn Latvia, annual long gun homicides total

2014: 113
2012: 1
2011: 2
2004: 1
2003: 2
2002: 2
2001: 1
2000: 3
1999: 4
1998: 3
1997: 11
1996: 5

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0513
2012: 0.05
2011: 0.10
2004: 0.04
2003: 0.09
2002: 0.09
2001: 0.04
2000: 0.13
1999: 0.16
1998: 0.12
1997: 0.45
1996: 0.20

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn Latvia, annual gun homicides (other) total

2014: 613
2013: 2
2012: 4
2011: 3
2010: 3
2009: 3
2008: 8
2007: 7
2006: 11
2005: 12
2004: 8
2003: 19
2002: 22
2001: 28
2000: 25
1999: 28
1998: 44
1997: 42
1996: 21

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.3013
2013: 0.10
2012: 0.20
2011: 0.15
2010: 0.14
2009: 0.14
2008: 0.37
2007: 0.32
2006: 0.50
2005: 0.54
2004: 0.35
2003: 0.83
2002: 0.95
2001: 1.20
2000: 1.06
1999: 1.15
1998: 1.80
1997: 1.70
1996: 0.84

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Latvia, annual suicides by any means total

2014: 38219
2013: 382
2012: 444
2011: 440
2010: 436
1999: 76427

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2014: 19.0319
2013: 18.82
2012: 21.65
2011: 21.19
2010: 20.61
1999: 33.1227

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Latvia, annual male suicides by any means total

2014: 31119
2013: 321
2012: 371
2011: 365
2010: 375

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Latvia, annual female suicides by any means total

2014: 7119
2013: 61
2012: 73
2011: 75
2010: 61

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Latvia, annual firearm suicides total

2014: 1514
2013: 23
2012: 2414 17
2011: 2714
2010: 21
2009: 31
2008: 27
2007: 33
2006: 33
2005: 22
2004: 29
2003: 30
2002: 37
2001: 29
2000: 32
1999: 47
1998: 46
1997: 52
1996: 56

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.7519
2013: 1.13
2012: 1.17
2011: 1.30
2010: 0.99
2009: 1.45
2008: 1.24
2007: 1.50
2006: 1.49
2005: 0.98
2004: 1.28
2003: 1.31
2002: 1.60
2001: 1.24
2000: 1.35
1999: 1.93
1998: 1.88
1997: 2.11
1996: 2.25

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Latvia, annual male firearm suicides total

2014: 1519
2013: 23
2012: 23
2011: 27
2010: 21

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Latvia, annual female firearm suicides total

2014: 019
2013: 0
2012: 1
2011: 0
2010: 0

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn Latvia, annual handgun suicides total

2014: 114
2013: 4
2012: 6
2011: 4
2010: 4
2009: 3
2008: 7
2007: 5
2006: 6
2005: 1
2004: 2
2003: 3
2002: 3
2001: 4
2000: 6
1998: 4
1997: 1
1996: 9

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0514
2013: 0.20
2012: 0.29
2011: 0.19
2010: 0.19
2009: 0.14
2008: 0.32
2007: 0.23
2006: 0.27
2005: 0.04
2004: 0.09
2003: 0.13
2002: 0.13
2001: 0.17
2000: 0.25
1998: 0.16
1997: 0.04
1996: 0.36

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn Latvia, the number of long gun suicides is

2014: 914
2013: 4
2012: 5
2011: 13
2010: 6
2009: 5
2008: 4
2007: 10
2006: 8
2005: 2
2004: 4
2003: 6
2002: 9
2001: 6
2000: 7
1999: 4
1998: 11
1997: 14
1996: 20

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.4514
2013: 0.20
2012: 0.25
2011: 0.63
2010: 0.29
2009: 0.23
2008: 0.18
2007: 0.45
2006: 0.36
2005: 0.09
2004: 0.18
2003: 0.26
2002: 0.39
2001: 0.26
2000: 0.30
1999: 0.16
1998: 0.45
1997: 0.57
1996: 0.80

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn Latvia, annual gun suicides (other) total

2014: 514
2013: 15
2012: 13
2011: 10
2010: 11
2009: 23
2008: 16
2007: 18
2006: 19
2005: 19
2004: 23
2003: 21
2002: 25
2001: 19
2000: 19
1999: 43
1998: 31
1997: 37
1996: 27

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.2514
2013: 0.75
2012: 0.64
2011: 0.49
2010: 0.52
2009: 1.07
2008: 0.73
2007: 0.82
2006: 0.86
2005: 0.85
2004: 1.02
2003: 0.92
2002: 1.08
2001: 0.81
2000: 0.80
1999: 1.77
1998: 1.27
1997: 1.50
1996: 1.08

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Latvia, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2014: 115
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 1
2009: 4
2008: 1
2007: 4
2005: 3
2004: 2
2003: 1
2002: 4
2001: 2
2000: 3
1999: 5
1998: 2
1997: 3
1996: 9

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.1519
2013: 0.39
2012: 0.24
2011: 0.39
2010: 0.28
2009: 0.19
2008: 0.05
2007: 0.18
2005: 0.13
2004: 0.09
2003: 0.04
2002: 0.17
2001: 0.09
2000: 0.13
1999: 0.21
1998: 0.08
1997: 0.12
1996: 0.36

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Latvia, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2014: 119
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 1

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Latvia, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2014: 019
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Unintentional Handgun Deaths

ChartIn Latvia, annual unintentional shooting deaths by handgun total

2007: 115
2005: 1
2002: 1
1996: 3

Rate of Unintentional Handgun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by handgun per 100,000 population is

2007: 0.0415
2005: 0.04
2002: 0.04
1996: 0.12

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn Latvia, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2014: 115
2010: 1
2009: 3
2008: 1
2005: 2
2004: 2
2002: 1
2001: 1
2000: 1
1999: 2
1998: 2
1997: 1
1996: 3

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0515
2010: 0.04
2009: 0.14
2008: 0.05
2005: 0.09
2004: 0.09
2002: 0.04
2001: 0.04
2000: 0.04
1999: 0.08
1998: 0.08
1997: 0.04
1996: 0.12

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn Latvia, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2009: 115
2007: 3
2003: 1
2002: 2
2001: 1
2000: 2
1999: 3
1997: 2
1996: 3

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2009: 0.0415
2007: 0.13
2003: 0.04
2002: 0.09
2001: 0.04
2000: 0.08
1999: 0.12
1997: 0.08
1996: 0.12

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Latvia, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 316
2013: 8
2012: 516 17
2011: 816
2010: 6
2009: 5
2008: 10
2007: 4
2006: 4
2005: 5
2004: 7
2003: 6
2002: 3
2001: 5
2000: 3
1999: 6
1998: 7
1997: 10
1996: 6

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.1516
2013: 0.40
2012: 0.25
2011: 0.39
2010: 0.29
2009: 0.23
2008: 0.46
2007: 0.18
2006: 0.18
2005: 0.22
2004: 0.31
2003: 0.26
2002: 0.13
2001: 0.21
2000: 0.13
1999: 0.25
1998: 0.29
1997: 0.41
1996: 0.24

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Latvia, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 319
2013: 8
2012: 5
2011: 8
2010: 6

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Latvia, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 019
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Handgun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Latvia, annual deaths by handgun in which the cause remains undecided total

2013: 116
2011: 1
2001: 1
1999: 2
1997: 1

Rate of Handgun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of unknown-cause handgun deaths per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0516
2011: 0.05
2001: 0.04
1999: 0.08
1997: 0.04

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Latvia, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2012: 116
2008: 1
2007: 2
2005: 2
2001: 1
1998: 1
1997: 2
1996: 1

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.0516
2008: 0.05
2007: 0.09
2005: 0.09
2001: 0.04
1998: 0.04
1997: 0.08
1996: 0.04

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Latvia, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 316
2013: 7
2012: 4
2011: 7
2010: 6
2009: 5
2008: 9
2007: 2
2006: 4
2005: 3
2004: 7
2003: 6
2002: 3
2001: 3
2000: 3
1999: 4
1998: 6
1997: 7
1996: 5

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.1516
2013: 0.35
2012: 0.20
2011: 0.34
2010: 0.29
2009: 0.23
2008: 0.41
2007: 0.09
2006: 0.18
2005: 0.13
2004: 0.31
2003: 0.26
2002: 0.13
2001: 0.13
2000: 0.13
1999: 0.16
1998: 0.25
1997: 0.28
1996: 0.20

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Latvia, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence,28 29 but is not conducted in practise30 31

Home-made Guns

In Latvia, the prevalence of illicit craft, or 'home-made' firearm manufacture is reported to be moderate32

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Latvia, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Latvia is reported by Customs to be US$230,41044 (2011)

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Latvia was categorized as 'minor'45

Firearm Imports

In Latvia, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law33 34 35 36 46 39 40 41 42

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Latvia is reported by Customs to be US$5,664,54144 (2011)

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Latvia is moderate32

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Latvia, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law47 48 36 49 50 51

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Latvia include37 38 52 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Latvia is categorised as restrictive53

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Latvia includes the Law on the Handling of Weapons, the Cabinet of Ministers Regulations No. 159 of March 1, 2005, the Cabinet of Ministers Regulations No. 1665 of December 28, 2009,54 55 46 the Law on Circulation of Weapons and Special Means of 2011, the Law on the Circulation of Goods of Strategic Significance of 2007, the Cabinet of Ministers Regulation No. 1001, the Criminal Law,34 the Cabinet of Ministers regulation No. 939,47 the Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons,56 57 the European Union Firearms Regulation of 2012 and the Common Position on the Control of Arms Brokering of 200358

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Latvia are regulated by the Cabinet59 and the Office for Control of Weaponry of the Department of Security Policy of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs,60 and the European Commission57

Right to Possess Firearms

In Latvia, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law61 62 63

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Latvia, civilians are not allowed to possess imitation, sawn-off firearms, automatic category A firearms, military smooth-bore firearms, short-barrelled category B firearms64 65 66 67

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Latvia, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited68 66 67 26

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Latvia, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted under licence68 65 69 70 67

Regulation of Handguns

In Latvia, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence, up to 9mm68 46 66 69 70 67 26

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Latvia, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law68 65 26

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Latvia, only licensed gun owners46 71 72 8 73 66 69 26 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Latvia are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example self-defence, hunting, sport, work or performance of duties, as well as collection46 74 75 76 68 8 77

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Latvia is 18 years74 77

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Latvia must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental health, addiction, medical and prohibited military78 77 26 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Latvia, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required63

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Latvia does not stipulate63 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Latvia, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required75 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Latvia, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every one to five years71

Licensing Records

In Latvia, authorities maintain a record79 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Latvia are permitted to possess 10 firearms75

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Latvia are permitted to possess only 500 cartridges of same calibre75 80

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Latvia, the law requires76 81 82 35 79 83 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Latvia, licensed firearm dealers are required33 82 79 83 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Latvia, State agencies are required82 84 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Latvia, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited28

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Latvia, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful28 33 46 85 70

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In Latvia, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is undetermined63

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Latvia, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are not regulated63 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Latvia do not include63 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Latvia include86 87 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Latvia include84 86 87 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Latvia include71 46 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Latvia, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law64 31 88 49 89 90

Firearm Tracing

In Latvia, state authorities carry out91 81 89 83 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Latvia, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are81 recorded in a register

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Latvia, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit92 68 71 26

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Latvia, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is prohibited64 26

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Latvia, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm93 is 10 years in prison94 95 96 97

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn Latvia, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2013: 1298 99
2012: 72
2011: 129100 99
2010: 136

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn Latvia, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2011: 3101
2010: 11

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Latvia, it is state policy102 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

European Union

As a member of the European Union, Latvia is bound by the provisions of the ‘EU Firearms Directive’ – the 2007 Legislative Resolution on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons of the European Parliament103 104

European Union Export Reporting

Under the European Union Common Position on Arms Exports, Latvia is bound to declare its transfers of military technology and equipment. Independent monitoring provides detailed comparisons of arms export reporting compliance across EU member states, and records that Latvia has yet to submit a national report105 on its arms transfers

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was not signed106 by Latvia.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified107 by Latvia

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified108 by Latvia

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Latvia committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects109

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Latvia against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 29110 111 112 113 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Latvia has submitted one or more national reports114 49 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Latvia, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated115 49

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Latvia, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated115

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Latvia submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was not apparent49

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been donated49 by Latvia to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Latvia has declared116 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Latvia has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1991117

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies lists118 Latvia as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Latvia, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Latvia ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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