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Latvia — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Latvia is

2017: 205,0001
2005: 280,0002
2003: 66,1943 4 5

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Latvia is

2017: 10.501
2005: 19.02
2003: 2.856 7 5

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

In Latvia, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be 44,6578

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

In Latvia, the number of handguns in civilian possession is reported to be 10,8838

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Latvia ranked at No. 1059

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Latvia ranked at No. 322

Proportion of Adults Living in a Home With a Gun

In Latvia, the percentage of adults living in a household with a firearm is reported to be

2015: 5%10

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

The number of licensed gun owners in Latvia is reported to be

2003: 37,5818

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

The rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in Latvia is

2003: 1.626

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Latvia is reported to be

2017: 70,0001
2004: 57,5608

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

The rate of registered guns per 100 people in Latvia is

2004: 2.486

Estimated Number of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms

Unregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,11 but in Latvia there are estimated to be

2017: 135,0001

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Latvia are reported to have 27,93612 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Latvia are reported to have 17,00013 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Latvia, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2015: 3714
2014: 2915 16 17 18
2013: 3315 16 18
2012: 3415 16 18 19
2011: 4215 16 18
2010: 3220
2009: 4315 16 17 18
2008: 48
2007: 48
2006: 5215 16 18
2005: 4315 16 17 18
2004: 47
2003: 58
2002: 69
2001: 72
2000: 69
1999: 92
1998: 103
1997: 120
1996: 126

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2015: 1.8614
2014: 1.44
2013: 1.63
2012: 1.66
2011: 2.02
2010: 1.51
2009: 1.99
2008: 2.18
2007: 2.16
2006: 2.29
2005: 1.88
2004: 2.04
2003: 2.50
2002: 2.95
2001: 3.05
2000: 2.90
1999: 3.84
1998: 4.27
1997: 4.93
1996: 5.12

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Latvia, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2015: 3414
2014: 2714
2013: 33
2012: 30
2011: 41
2010: 32
2009: 41
2008: 45
2007: 46

Rate of Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of male gun death per 100,000 population is

2015: 3.7214
2014: 2.93
2013: 3.54
2012: 3.19
2011: 4.31
2010: 3.30
2009: 4.12
2008: 4.44
2007: 4.50

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Latvia, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2015: 314
2014: 214
2013: 0
2012: 4
2011: 1
2010: 0
2009: 2
2008: 3
2007: 2

Rate of Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of female gun death per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.2814
2014: 0.18
2012: 0.36
2011: 0.09
2009: 0.17
2008: 0.25
2007: 0.17

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Latvia, annual homicides by any means total

2015: 9914
2014: 137
2013: 120
2012: 129
2011: 130
2010: 138
2009: 143
2008: 172
2007: 190
2006: 128
2005: 126
2004: 181
2003: 202
2002: 214
2001: 219
2000: 238
1999: 22921
1998: 250
1997: 272
1996: 268
1995: 288

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 4.9814
2014: 6.82
2013: 5.91
2012: 6.29
2011: 6.26
2010: 6.52
2009: 6.62
2008: 7.83
2007: 8.56
2006: 5.8
2005: 5.7
2004: 8.0
2003: 8.8
2002: 9.2
2001: 9.3
2000: 10.0
1999: 9.521 22
1998: 10.3
1997: 11.2
1996: 10.9
1995: 11.6

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Latvia, annual male homicides by any means total

2015: 6914
2014: 97
2013: 86
2012: 95
2011: 94
2010: 98
2009: 110
2008: 117
2007: 144

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 7.5514
2014: 10.52
2013: 9.23
2012: 10.10
2011: 9.89
2010: 10.10
2009: 11.07
2008: 11.55
2007: 14.07

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Latvia, annual female homicides by any means total

2015: 3014
2014: 40
2013: 34
2012: 34
2011: 36
2010: 40
2009: 33
2008: 55
2007: 46

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 2.8014
2014: 3.68
2013: 3.10
2012: 3.06
2011: 3.20
2010: 3.49
2009: 2.83
2008: 4.64
2007: 3.84

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Latvia, annual firearm homicides total

2015: 814
2014: 1015
2013: 2
2012: 515 19
2011: 715
2010: 415 23
2009: 315 23 21
2008: 9
2007: 7
2006: 15
2005: 13
2004: 915 21
2003: 21
2002: 25
2001: 36
2000: 31
1999: 34
1998: 48
1997: 55
1996: 55
1995: 5624

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.4014
2014: 0.50
2013: 0.10
2012: 0.24
2011: 0.34
2010: 0.19
2009: 0.14
2008: 0.41
2007: 0.32
2006: 0.68
2005: 0.58
2004: 0.4015 21
2003: 0.92
2002: 1.08
2001: 1.54
2000: 1.31
1999: 1.40
1998: 1.96
1997: 2.23
1996: 2.21
1995: 2.2324

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Latvia, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2011: 6%25
2010: 6%23
2009: 5%
2008: 8%
2007: 4%
2006: 3%
2005: 10%
2004: 3.5%21
2003: 8.4%
2002: 12.8%
2001: 16.4%
2000: 13.1%
1999: 14.8%
1998: 17.3%
1997: 13.8%
1996: 15.6%
1995: 16.1%

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Latvia, annual male firearm homicides total

2015: 514
2014: 8
2013: 2
2012: 2
2011: 6
2010: 4
2009: 2
2008: 8
2007: 5

Rate of Male Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of male firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.5514
2014: 0.87
2013: 0.21
2012: 0.21
2011: 0.63
2010: 0.41
2009: 0.20
2008: 0.79
2007: 0.49

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Latvia, annual female firearm homicides total

2015: 314
2014: 2
2013: 0
2012: 3
2011: 1
2010: 0
2009: 1
2008: 1
2007: 2

Rate of Female Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of female firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.2814
2014: 0.18
2012: 0.27
2011: 0.09
2009: 0.09
2008: 0.08
2007: 0.17

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn Latvia, annual handgun homicides total

2014: 315
2011: 2
2010: 1
2008: 1
2006: 4
2005: 1
2002: 1
2001: 7
2000: 3
1999: 2
1998: 1
1997: 2
1996: 29

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.1515
2011: 0.10
2010: 0.04
2008: 0.05
2006: 0.18
2005: 0.04
2002: 0.04
2001: 0.30
2000: 0.13
1999: 0.08
1998: 0.04
1997: 0.08
1996: 1.16

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn Latvia, annual long gun homicides total

2014: 115
2012: 1
2011: 2
2004: 1
2003: 2
2002: 2
2001: 1
2000: 3
1999: 4
1998: 3
1997: 11
1996: 5

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0515
2012: 0.05
2011: 0.10
2004: 0.04
2003: 0.09
2002: 0.09
2001: 0.04
2000: 0.13
1999: 0.16
1998: 0.12
1997: 0.45
1996: 0.20

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn Latvia, annual gun homicides (other) total

2014: 615
2013: 2
2012: 4
2011: 3
2010: 3
2009: 3
2008: 8
2007: 7
2006: 11
2005: 12
2004: 8
2003: 19
2002: 22
2001: 28
2000: 25
1999: 28
1998: 44
1997: 42
1996: 21

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.3015
2013: 0.10
2012: 0.20
2011: 0.15
2010: 0.14
2009: 0.14
2008: 0.37
2007: 0.32
2006: 0.50
2005: 0.54
2004: 0.35
2003: 0.83
2002: 0.95
2001: 1.20
2000: 1.06
1999: 1.15
1998: 1.80
1997: 1.70
1996: 0.84

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Latvia, annual suicides by any means total

2015: 38614
2014: 38214
2013: 382
2012: 444
2011: 440
2010: 436
2009: 516
2008: 527
2007: 453
1999: 76426

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 19.4314
2014: 19.03
2013: 18.82
2012: 21.65
2011: 21.19
2010: 20.61
2009: 23.88
2008: 23.98
2007: 20.40
1999: 33.1226

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Latvia, annual male suicides by any means total

2015: 30514
2014: 31114
2013: 321
2012: 371
2011: 365
2010: 375
2009: 416
2008: 427
2007: 358

Rate of Male Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of male suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 33.3814
2014: 33.72
2013: 34.47
2012: 39.46
2011: 38.39
2010: 38.66
2009: 41.85
2008: 42.16
2007: 34.99

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Latvia, annual female suicides by any means total

2015: 8114
2014: 7114
2013: 61
2012: 73
2011: 75
2010: 61
2009: 100
2008: 100
2007: 95

Rate of Female Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of female suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 7.5514
2014: 6.54
2013: 5.55
2012: 6.57
2011: 6.66
2010: 5.33
2009: 8.57
2008: 8.44
2007: 7.94

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Latvia, annual firearm suicides total

2015: 2314
2014: 1516
2013: 23
2012: 2416 19
2011: 2716
2010: 21
2009: 31
2008: 27
2007: 33
2006: 33
2005: 22
2004: 29
2003: 30
2002: 37
2001: 29
2000: 32
1999: 47
1998: 46
1997: 52
1996: 56

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 1.1614
2014: 0.75
2013: 1.13
2012: 1.17
2011: 1.30
2010: 0.99
2009: 1.43
2008: 1.23
2007: 1.49
2006: 1.49
2005: 0.98
2004: 1.28
2003: 1.31
2002: 1.60
2001: 1.24
2000: 1.35
1999: 1.93
1998: 1.88
1997: 2.11
1996: 2.25

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Latvia, annual male firearm suicides total

2015: 2314
2014: 1514
2013: 23
2012: 23
2011: 27
2010: 21
2009: 31
2008: 27
2007: 33

Rate of Male Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of male firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 2.5214
2014: 1.63
2013: 2.47
2012: 2.45
2011: 2.84
2010: 2.17
2009: 3.12
2008: 2.67
2007: 3.22

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Latvia, annual female firearm suicides total

2014: 014
2013: 0
2012: 1
2011: 0
2010: 0

Rate of Female Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

In Latvia, the annual rate of female firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.0914

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn Latvia, annual handgun suicides total

2014: 116
2013: 4
2012: 6
2011: 4
2010: 4
2009: 3
2008: 7
2007: 5
2006: 6
2005: 1
2004: 2
2003: 3
2002: 3
2001: 4
2000: 6
1998: 4
1997: 1
1996: 9

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0516
2013: 0.20
2012: 0.29
2011: 0.19
2010: 0.19
2009: 0.14
2008: 0.32
2007: 0.23
2006: 0.27
2005: 0.04
2004: 0.09
2003: 0.13
2002: 0.13
2001: 0.17
2000: 0.25
1998: 0.16
1997: 0.04
1996: 0.36

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn Latvia, the number of long gun suicides is

2014: 916
2013: 4
2012: 5
2011: 13
2010: 6
2009: 5
2008: 4
2007: 10
2006: 8
2005: 2
2004: 4
2003: 6
2002: 9
2001: 6
2000: 7
1999: 4
1998: 11
1997: 14
1996: 20

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.4516
2013: 0.20
2012: 0.25
2011: 0.63
2010: 0.29
2009: 0.23
2008: 0.18
2007: 0.45
2006: 0.36
2005: 0.09
2004: 0.18
2003: 0.26
2002: 0.39
2001: 0.26
2000: 0.30
1999: 0.16
1998: 0.45
1997: 0.57
1996: 0.80

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn Latvia, annual gun suicides (other) total

2014: 516
2013: 15
2012: 13
2011: 10
2010: 11
2009: 23
2008: 16
2007: 18
2006: 19
2005: 19
2004: 23
2003: 21
2002: 25
2001: 19
2000: 19
1999: 43
1998: 31
1997: 37
1996: 27

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.2516
2013: 0.75
2012: 0.64
2011: 0.49
2010: 0.52
2009: 1.07
2008: 0.73
2007: 0.82
2006: 0.86
2005: 0.85
2004: 1.02
2003: 0.92
2002: 1.08
2001: 0.81
2000: 0.80
1999: 1.77
1998: 1.27
1997: 1.50
1996: 1.08

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Latvia, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2014: 117
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 1
2009: 4
2008: 1
2007: 4
2005: 3
2004: 2
2003: 1
2002: 4
2001: 2
2000: 3
1999: 5
1998: 2
1997: 3
1996: 9

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0514
2013: 0.39
2012: 0.24
2011: 0.39
2010: 0.05
2009: 0.19
2008: 0.05
2007: 0.18
2005: 0.13
2004: 0.09
2003: 0.04
2002: 0.17
2001: 0.09
2000: 0.13
1999: 0.21
1998: 0.08
1997: 0.12
1996: 0.36

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Latvia, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2014: 114
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 1
2009: 4
2008: 1
2007: 4

Rate of Unintentional Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of unintentional male shooting death per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.1114
2010: 0.10
2009: 0.40
2008: 0.10
2007: 0.39

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Latvia, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2014: 014
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Unintentional Handgun Deaths

ChartIn Latvia, annual unintentional shooting deaths by handgun total

2007: 117
2005: 1
2002: 1
1996: 3

Rate of Unintentional Handgun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by handgun per 100,000 population is

2007: 0.0417
2005: 0.04
2002: 0.04
1996: 0.12

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn Latvia, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2014: 117
2010: 1
2009: 3
2008: 1
2005: 2
2004: 2
2002: 1
2001: 1
2000: 1
1999: 2
1998: 2
1997: 1
1996: 3

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0517
2010: 0.04
2009: 0.14
2008: 0.05
2005: 0.09
2004: 0.09
2002: 0.04
2001: 0.04
2000: 0.04
1999: 0.08
1998: 0.08
1997: 0.04
1996: 0.12

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn Latvia, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2009: 117
2007: 3
2003: 1
2002: 2
2001: 1
2000: 2
1999: 3
1997: 2
1996: 3

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2009: 0.0417
2007: 0.13
2003: 0.04
2002: 0.09
2001: 0.04
2000: 0.08
1999: 0.12
1997: 0.08
1996: 0.12

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Latvia, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2015: 614
2014: 318
2013: 8
2012: 518 19
2011: 818
2010: 6
2009: 5
2008: 10
2007: 4
2006: 4
2005: 5
2004: 7
2003: 6
2002: 3
2001: 5
2000: 3
1999: 6
1998: 7
1997: 10
1996: 6

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.3014
2014: 0.15
2013: 0.39
2012: 0.24
2011: 0.39
2010: 0.28
2009: 0.23
2008: 0.46
2007: 0.18
2006: 0.18
2005: 0.22
2004: 0.31
2003: 0.26
2002: 0.13
2001: 0.21
2000: 0.13
1999: 0.25
1998: 0.29
1997: 0.41
1996: 0.24

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Latvia, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2015: 614
2014: 314
2013: 8
2012: 5
2011: 8
2010: 6
2009: 4
2008: 8
2007: 4

Rate of Male Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of unknown-cause male shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.6614
2014: 0.33
2013: 0.86
2012: 0.53
2011: 0.84
2010: 0.62
2009: 0.40
2008: 0.79
2007: 0.39

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Latvia, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 014
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 114
2008: 2

Rate of Female Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of unknown-cause female shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2009: 0.0914
2008: 0.17

Handgun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Latvia, annual deaths by handgun in which the cause remains undecided total

2013: 118
2011: 1
2001: 1
1999: 2
1997: 1

Rate of Handgun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of unknown-cause handgun deaths per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0518
2011: 0.05
2001: 0.04
1999: 0.08
1997: 0.04

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Latvia, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2012: 118
2008: 1
2007: 2
2005: 2
2001: 1
1998: 1
1997: 2
1996: 1

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.0518
2008: 0.05
2007: 0.09
2005: 0.09
2001: 0.04
1998: 0.04
1997: 0.08
1996: 0.04

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Latvia, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 318
2013: 7
2012: 4
2011: 7
2010: 6
2009: 5
2008: 9
2007: 2
2006: 4
2005: 3
2004: 7
2003: 6
2002: 3
2001: 3
2000: 3
1999: 4
1998: 6
1997: 7
1996: 5

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.1518
2013: 0.35
2012: 0.20
2011: 0.34
2010: 0.29
2009: 0.23
2008: 0.41
2007: 0.09
2006: 0.18
2005: 0.13
2004: 0.31
2003: 0.26
2002: 0.13
2001: 0.13
2000: 0.13
1999: 0.16
1998: 0.25
1997: 0.28
1996: 0.20

Legal Intervention Gun Homicides

In Latvia, annual legal-intervention gun homicides total

2008: 114

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Latvia, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence,27 28 but is not conducted in practise29 30

Home-made Guns

In Latvia, the prevalence of illicit craft, or 'home-made' firearm manufacture is reported to be moderate31

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Latvia, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42

Firearm Exports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms exported from Latvia is reported by manufacturers to be

2018: 15743
2017: 101
2016: 0
2015: 0

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Latvia is reported by Customs to be US$230,41044 (2011)

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Latvia was categorized as 'minor'45

Firearm Imports

In Latvia, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law32 33 34 35 46 38 39 40 41

Firearm Imports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms imported to Latvia is reported to be

2018: 8,36843
2017: 5,131
2016: 706
2015: 178
2014: 33247
2013: 966
2012: 550
2011: 230
2010: 1,183
2009: 1,438
2008: 1,242
2007: 1,972

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Latvia is reported by Customs to be US$

2016: 12,000,00048

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Latvia is moderate31

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Latvia, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law49 50 35 51 52 53

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Latvia include36 37 54 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Latvia is categorised as restrictive55

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Latvia includes the Law on the Handling of Weapons, the Cabinet of Ministers Regulations No. 159 of March 1, 2005, the Cabinet of Ministers Regulations No. 1665 of December 28, 2009,56 57 46 the Law on Circulation of Weapons and Special Means of 2011, the Law on the Circulation of Goods of Strategic Significance of 2007, the Cabinet of Ministers Regulation No. 1001, the Criminal Law,33 the Cabinet of Ministers regulation No. 939,49 the Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons,58 59 the European Union Firearms Regulation of 2012 and the Common Position on the Control of Arms Brokering of 200360

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Latvia are regulated by the Cabinet61 and the Office for Control of Weaponry of the Department of Security Policy of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs,62 and the European Commission59

Right to Possess Firearms

In Latvia, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law63 64 65

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Latvia, civilians are not allowed to possess imitation, sawn-off firearms, automatic category A firearms, military smooth-bore firearms, short-barrelled category B firearms66 67 68 69

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Latvia, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited70 68 69 25

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Latvia, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted under licence70 67 71 72 69

Regulation of Handguns

In Latvia, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence, up to 9mm70 46 68 71 72 69 25

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Latvia, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law70 67 25

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Latvia, only licensed gun owners46 73 74 8 75 68 71 25 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Latvia are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example self-defence, hunting, sport, work or performance of duties, as well as collection46 76 77 78 70 8 79

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Latvia is 18 years76 79

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Latvia must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental health, addiction, medical and prohibited military80 79 25 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Latvia, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required65

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Latvia does not stipulate65 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Latvia, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required77 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Latvia, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every one to five years73

Licensing Records

In Latvia, authorities maintain a record81 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Latvia are permitted to possess 10 firearms77

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Latvia are permitted to possess only 500 cartridges of same calibre77 82

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Latvia, the law requires78 83 84 34 81 85 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Latvia, licensed firearm dealers are required32 84 81 85 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Latvia, State agencies are required84 86 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Latvia, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited27

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Latvia, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful27 32 46 87 72

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In Latvia, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is undetermined65

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Latvia, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are not regulated65 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Latvia do not include65 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Latvia include88 89 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Latvia include86 88 89 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Latvia include73 46 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Latvia, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit90 70 73 25

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Latvia, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is prohibited66 25

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Latvia, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm91 is 10 years in prison92 93 94 95

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

European Union

As a member of the European Union, Latvia is bound by the provisions of the ‘EU Firearms Directive’ – the 2007 Legislative Resolution on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons of the European Parliament96 97

European Union Export Reporting

Under the European Union Common Position on Arms Exports, Latvia is bound to declare its transfers of military technology and equipment. Independent monitoring provides detailed comparisons of arms export reporting compliance across EU member states, and records that Latvia has yet to submit a national report98 on its arms transfers

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was not signed99 by Latvia.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified100 by Latvia

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified101 by Latvia

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Latvia committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects102

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Latvia against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 29103 104 105 106 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Latvia has submitted one or more national reports107 51 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Latvia, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated108 51

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Latvia, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated108

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Latvia submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was not apparent51

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been donated51 by Latvia to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Latvia has declared109 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Latvia has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1991110

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies lists111 Latvia as a Participating State

BackgroundSustainable Development Goal Profile

About SDG 16

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are 17 goals set by the United Nations to be implemented by all member states by 2030. Adopted in 2015, they outline a vision of development in which peace and security are an integral part. SDG 16,112 which seeks to “promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development,” includes targets and indicators focused on reducing violence (Target 16.1) and the proliferation of illicit arms (Target 16.4). The indicators – or measurement criteria – of these targets include the number of victims of intentional homicide (Indicator 16.1.1), the number of conflict-related deaths (Indicator 16.1.2), and the number of illicit firearms collected and traced (Indicator 16.4.2). In light of these targets and indicators, GunPolicy.org provides granular national data pertaining to homicides, gun homicides, conflict deaths, disarmament efforts, and marking and tracing.

Conflict Deaths

For a profile of conflict in Latvia, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Disarmament

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn Latvia, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2017: 571113
2016: 664
2013: 12114 115
2012: 72
2011: 129116 115
2010: 136

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn Latvia, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2017: 669117
2016: 865
2011: 3118
2010: 11

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Latvia, it is state policy119 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

Marking and Tracing

Firearm Marking

In Latvia, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law66 30 120 51 121 122

Firearm Tracing

In Latvia, state authorities carry out123 83 121 85 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Latvia, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are83 recorded in a register

Global Peace Index

To see where Latvia ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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