Find Gun Policy Facts

Armed violence prevention, gun control laws and the small arms trade:

Latvia — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Latvia is

2017: 205,0001
2005: 280,0002
2003: 66,1943 4 5

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Latvia is

2017: 10.501
2005: 19.02
2003: 2.856 7 5

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

In Latvia, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be 44,6578

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

In Latvia, the number of handguns in civilian possession is reported to be 10,8838

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Latvia ranked at No. 1059

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Latvia ranked at No. 322

Proportion of Adults Living in a Home With a Gun

In Latvia, the percentage of adults living in a household with a firearm is reported to be

2015: 5%10

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

The number of licensed gun owners in Latvia is reported to be 37,5818

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

The rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in Latvia is 1.626

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Latvia is reported to be

2017: 70,0001
2004: 57,5608

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

The rate of registered guns per 100 people in Latvia is 2.486

Estimated Number of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms

Unregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,11 but in Latvia there are estimated to be

2017: 135,0001

Estimated Rate of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

Unregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,11 but in Latvia the rate of such firearms per 100 people is estimated to be 0.376

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Latvia are reported to have 27,93612 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Latvia are reported to have 17,00013 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Latvia, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 2914 15 16 17
2013: 3314 15 17
2012: 3414 15 17 18
2011: 4214 15 17
2010: 3219
2009: 4314 15 16 17
2008: 47
2007: 48
2006: 5214 15 17
2005: 4314 15 16 17
2004: 47
2003: 58
2002: 69
2001: 72
2000: 69
1999: 92
1998: 103
1997: 120
1996: 126

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 1.4420
2013: 1.63
2012: 1.66
2011: 2.02
2010: 1.51
2009: 1.936
2008: 2.09
2007: 2.12
2006: 2.29
2005: 1.88
2004: 2.04
2003: 2.50
2002: 2.95
2001: 3.05
2000: 2.90
1999: 3.84
1998: 4.27
1997: 4.93
1996: 5.12

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Latvia, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 2720
2013: 33
2012: 30
2011: 41
2010: 32

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Latvia, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 220
2013: 0
2012: 4
2011: 1
2010: 0

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Latvia, annual homicides by any means total

2015: 8121
2014: 13720
2013: 120
2012: 129
2011: 130
2010: 138
2009: 108
2008: 99
2007: 94
2006: 128
2005: 126
2004: 181
2003: 202
2002: 214
2001: 219
2000: 238
1999: 22922
1998: 250
1997: 272
1996: 268
1995: 288

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 4.1121
2014: 1.4420
2013: 1.63
2012: 1.66
2011: 2.02
2010: 1.51
2009: 5.1
2008: 4.623 22 24
2007: 4.3
2006: 5.8
2005: 5.7
2004: 8.0
2003: 8.8
2002: 9.2
2001: 9.3
2000: 10.0
1999: 9.522 24
1998: 10.3
1997: 11.2
1996: 10.9
1995: 11.6

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Latvia, annual male homicides by any means total

2015: 4525
2014: 9720
2013: 86
2012: 95
2011: 94
2010: 98

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Latvia, annual female homicides by any means total

2015: 3625
2014: 4020
2013: 34
2012: 34
2011: 36
2010: 40

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Latvia, annual firearm homicides total

2014: 1014
2013: 2
2012: 514 18
2011: 714
2010: 414 23
2009: 314 23 22
2008: 9
2007: 7
2006: 15
2005: 13
2004: 914 22
2003: 21
2002: 25
2001: 36
2000: 31
1999: 34
1998: 48
1997: 55
1996: 55
1995: 5626

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.5020
2013: 0.10
2012: 0.24
2011: 0.34
2010: 0.19
2009: 0.1414 6 22
2008: 0.41
2007: 0.32
2006: 0.68
2005: 0.58
2004: 0.4014 22
2003: 0.92
2002: 1.08
2001: 1.54
2000: 1.31
1999: 1.40
1998: 1.96
1997: 2.23
1996: 2.21
1995: 2.2326

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Latvia, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2011: 6%27
2010: 6%23
2009: 5%
2008: 8%
2007: 4%
2006: 3%
2005: 10%
2004: 3.5%22
2003: 8.4%
2002: 12.8%
2001: 16.4%
2000: 13.1%
1999: 14.8%
1998: 17.3%
1997: 13.8%
1996: 15.6%
1995: 16.1%

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Latvia, annual male firearm homicides total

2015: 820
2014: 8
2013: 2
2012: 2
2011: 6
2010: 4

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Latvia, annual female firearm homicides total

2015: 220
2014: 2
2013: 0
2012: 3
2011: 1
2010: 0

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn Latvia, annual handgun homicides total

2014: 314
2011: 2
2010: 1
2008: 1
2006: 4
2005: 1
2002: 1
2001: 7
2000: 3
1999: 2
1998: 1
1997: 2
1996: 29

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.1514
2011: 0.10
2010: 0.04
2008: 0.05
2006: 0.18
2005: 0.04
2002: 0.04
2001: 0.30
2000: 0.13
1999: 0.08
1998: 0.04
1997: 0.08
1996: 1.16

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn Latvia, annual long gun homicides total

2014: 114
2012: 1
2011: 2
2004: 1
2003: 2
2002: 2
2001: 1
2000: 3
1999: 4
1998: 3
1997: 11
1996: 5

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0514
2012: 0.05
2011: 0.10
2004: 0.04
2003: 0.09
2002: 0.09
2001: 0.04
2000: 0.13
1999: 0.16
1998: 0.12
1997: 0.45
1996: 0.20

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn Latvia, annual gun homicides (other) total

2014: 614
2013: 2
2012: 4
2011: 3
2010: 3
2009: 3
2008: 8
2007: 7
2006: 11
2005: 12
2004: 8
2003: 19
2002: 22
2001: 28
2000: 25
1999: 28
1998: 44
1997: 42
1996: 21

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.3014
2013: 0.10
2012: 0.20
2011: 0.15
2010: 0.14
2009: 0.14
2008: 0.37
2007: 0.32
2006: 0.50
2005: 0.54
2004: 0.35
2003: 0.83
2002: 0.95
2001: 1.20
2000: 1.06
1999: 1.15
1998: 1.80
1997: 1.70
1996: 0.84

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Latvia, annual suicides by any means total

2014: 38220
2013: 382
2012: 444
2011: 440
2010: 436
1999: 76428

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2014: 19.0320
2013: 18.82
2012: 21.65
2011: 21.19
2010: 20.61
1999: 33.1228

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Latvia, annual male suicides by any means total

2014: 31120
2013: 321
2012: 371
2011: 365
2010: 375

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Latvia, annual female suicides by any means total

2014: 7120
2013: 61
2012: 73
2011: 75
2010: 61

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Latvia, annual firearm suicides total

2014: 1515
2013: 23
2012: 2415 18
2011: 2715
2010: 21
2009: 31
2008: 27
2007: 33
2006: 33
2005: 22
2004: 29
2003: 30
2002: 37
2001: 29
2000: 32
1999: 47
1998: 46
1997: 52
1996: 56

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.7520
2013: 1.13
2012: 1.17
2011: 1.30
2010: 0.99
2009: 1.45
2008: 1.24
2007: 1.50
2006: 1.49
2005: 0.98
2004: 1.28
2003: 1.31
2002: 1.60
2001: 1.24
2000: 1.35
1999: 1.93
1998: 1.88
1997: 2.11
1996: 2.25

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Latvia, annual male firearm suicides total

2014: 1520
2013: 23
2012: 23
2011: 27
2010: 21

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Latvia, annual female firearm suicides total

2014: 020
2013: 0
2012: 1
2011: 0
2010: 0

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn Latvia, annual handgun suicides total

2014: 115
2013: 4
2012: 6
2011: 4
2010: 4
2009: 3
2008: 7
2007: 5
2006: 6
2005: 1
2004: 2
2003: 3
2002: 3
2001: 4
2000: 6
1998: 4
1997: 1
1996: 9

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0515
2013: 0.20
2012: 0.29
2011: 0.19
2010: 0.19
2009: 0.14
2008: 0.32
2007: 0.23
2006: 0.27
2005: 0.04
2004: 0.09
2003: 0.13
2002: 0.13
2001: 0.17
2000: 0.25
1998: 0.16
1997: 0.04
1996: 0.36

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn Latvia, the number of long gun suicides is

2014: 915
2013: 4
2012: 5
2011: 13
2010: 6
2009: 5
2008: 4
2007: 10
2006: 8
2005: 2
2004: 4
2003: 6
2002: 9
2001: 6
2000: 7
1999: 4
1998: 11
1997: 14
1996: 20

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.4515
2013: 0.20
2012: 0.25
2011: 0.63
2010: 0.29
2009: 0.23
2008: 0.18
2007: 0.45
2006: 0.36
2005: 0.09
2004: 0.18
2003: 0.26
2002: 0.39
2001: 0.26
2000: 0.30
1999: 0.16
1998: 0.45
1997: 0.57
1996: 0.80

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn Latvia, annual gun suicides (other) total

2014: 515
2013: 15
2012: 13
2011: 10
2010: 11
2009: 23
2008: 16
2007: 18
2006: 19
2005: 19
2004: 23
2003: 21
2002: 25
2001: 19
2000: 19
1999: 43
1998: 31
1997: 37
1996: 27

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.2515
2013: 0.75
2012: 0.64
2011: 0.49
2010: 0.52
2009: 1.07
2008: 0.73
2007: 0.82
2006: 0.86
2005: 0.85
2004: 1.02
2003: 0.92
2002: 1.08
2001: 0.81
2000: 0.80
1999: 1.77
1998: 1.27
1997: 1.50
1996: 1.08

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Latvia, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2014: 116
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 1
2009: 4
2008: 1
2007: 4
2005: 3
2004: 2
2003: 1
2002: 4
2001: 2
2000: 3
1999: 5
1998: 2
1997: 3
1996: 9

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.1520
2013: 0.39
2012: 0.24
2011: 0.39
2010: 0.28
2009: 0.19
2008: 0.05
2007: 0.18
2005: 0.13
2004: 0.09
2003: 0.04
2002: 0.17
2001: 0.09
2000: 0.13
1999: 0.21
1998: 0.08
1997: 0.12
1996: 0.36

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Latvia, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2014: 120
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 1

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Latvia, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2014: 020
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Unintentional Handgun Deaths

ChartIn Latvia, annual unintentional shooting deaths by handgun total

2007: 116
2005: 1
2002: 1
1996: 3

Rate of Unintentional Handgun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by handgun per 100,000 population is

2007: 0.0416
2005: 0.04
2002: 0.04
1996: 0.12

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn Latvia, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2014: 116
2010: 1
2009: 3
2008: 1
2005: 2
2004: 2
2002: 1
2001: 1
2000: 1
1999: 2
1998: 2
1997: 1
1996: 3

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0516
2010: 0.04
2009: 0.14
2008: 0.05
2005: 0.09
2004: 0.09
2002: 0.04
2001: 0.04
2000: 0.04
1999: 0.08
1998: 0.08
1997: 0.04
1996: 0.12

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn Latvia, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2009: 116
2007: 3
2003: 1
2002: 2
2001: 1
2000: 2
1999: 3
1997: 2
1996: 3

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2009: 0.0416
2007: 0.13
2003: 0.04
2002: 0.09
2001: 0.04
2000: 0.08
1999: 0.12
1997: 0.08
1996: 0.12

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Latvia, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 317
2013: 8
2012: 517 18
2011: 817
2010: 6
2009: 5
2008: 10
2007: 4
2006: 4
2005: 5
2004: 7
2003: 6
2002: 3
2001: 5
2000: 3
1999: 6
1998: 7
1997: 10
1996: 6

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.1517
2013: 0.40
2012: 0.25
2011: 0.39
2010: 0.29
2009: 0.23
2008: 0.46
2007: 0.18
2006: 0.18
2005: 0.22
2004: 0.31
2003: 0.26
2002: 0.13
2001: 0.21
2000: 0.13
1999: 0.25
1998: 0.29
1997: 0.41
1996: 0.24

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Latvia, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 320
2013: 8
2012: 5
2011: 8
2010: 6

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Latvia, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 020
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Handgun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Latvia, annual deaths by handgun in which the cause remains undecided total

2013: 117
2011: 1
2001: 1
1999: 2
1997: 1

Rate of Handgun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of unknown-cause handgun deaths per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0517
2011: 0.05
2001: 0.04
1999: 0.08
1997: 0.04

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Latvia, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2012: 117
2008: 1
2007: 2
2005: 2
2001: 1
1998: 1
1997: 2
1996: 1

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.0517
2008: 0.05
2007: 0.09
2005: 0.09
2001: 0.04
1998: 0.04
1997: 0.08
1996: 0.04

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Latvia, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 317
2013: 7
2012: 4
2011: 7
2010: 6
2009: 5
2008: 9
2007: 2
2006: 4
2005: 3
2004: 7
2003: 6
2002: 3
2001: 3
2000: 3
1999: 4
1998: 6
1997: 7
1996: 5

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.1517
2013: 0.35
2012: 0.20
2011: 0.34
2010: 0.29
2009: 0.23
2008: 0.41
2007: 0.09
2006: 0.18
2005: 0.13
2004: 0.31
2003: 0.26
2002: 0.13
2001: 0.13
2000: 0.13
1999: 0.16
1998: 0.25
1997: 0.28
1996: 0.20

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Latvia, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence,29 30 but is not conducted in practise31 32

Home-made Guns

In Latvia, the prevalence of illicit craft, or 'home-made' firearm manufacture is reported to be moderate33

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Latvia, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Latvia is reported by Customs to be US$230,41045 (2011)

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Latvia was categorized as 'minor'46

Firearm Imports

In Latvia, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law34 35 36 37 47 40 41 42 43

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Latvia is reported by Customs to be US$5,664,54145 (2011)

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Latvia is moderate33

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Latvia, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law48 49 37 50 51 52

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Latvia include38 39 53 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Latvia is categorised as restrictive54

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Latvia includes the Law on the Handling of Weapons, the Cabinet of Ministers Regulations No. 159 of March 1, 2005, the Cabinet of Ministers Regulations No. 1665 of December 28, 2009,55 56 47 the Law on Circulation of Weapons and Special Means of 2011, the Law on the Circulation of Goods of Strategic Significance of 2007, the Cabinet of Ministers Regulation No. 1001, the Criminal Law,35 the Cabinet of Ministers regulation No. 939,48 the Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons,57 58 the European Union Firearms Regulation of 2012 and the Common Position on the Control of Arms Brokering of 200359

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Latvia are regulated by the Cabinet60 and the Office for Control of Weaponry of the Department of Security Policy of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs,61 and the European Commission58

Right to Possess Firearms

In Latvia, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law62 63 64

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Latvia, civilians are not allowed to possess imitation, sawn-off firearms, automatic category A firearms, military smooth-bore firearms, short-barrelled category B firearms65 66 67 68

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Latvia, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited69 67 68 27

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Latvia, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted under licence69 66 70 71 68

Regulation of Handguns

In Latvia, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence, up to 9mm69 47 67 70 71 68 27

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Latvia, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law69 66 27

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Latvia, only licensed gun owners47 72 73 8 74 67 70 27 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Latvia are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example self-defence, hunting, sport, work or performance of duties, as well as collection47 75 76 77 69 8 78

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Latvia is 18 years75 78

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Latvia must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental health, addiction, medical and prohibited military79 78 27 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Latvia, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required64

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Latvia does not stipulate64 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Latvia, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required76 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Latvia, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every one to five years72

Licensing Records

In Latvia, authorities maintain a record80 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Latvia are permitted to possess 10 firearms76

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Latvia are permitted to possess only 500 cartridges of same calibre76 81

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Latvia, the law requires77 82 83 36 80 84 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Latvia, licensed firearm dealers are required34 83 80 84 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Latvia, State agencies are required83 85 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Latvia, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited29

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Latvia, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful29 34 47 86 71

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In Latvia, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is undetermined64

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Latvia, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are not regulated64 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Latvia do not include64 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Latvia include87 88 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Latvia include85 87 88 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Latvia include72 47 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Latvia, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law65 32 89 50 90 91

Firearm Tracing

In Latvia, state authorities carry out92 82 90 84 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Latvia, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are82 recorded in a register

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Latvia, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit93 69 72 27

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Latvia, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is prohibited65 27

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Latvia, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm94 is 10 years in prison95 96 97 98

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn Latvia, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2017: 57199
2016: 664
2013: 12100 101
2012: 72
2011: 129102 101
2010: 136

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn Latvia, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2017: 669103
2016: 865
2011: 3104
2010: 11

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Latvia, it is state policy105 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

European Union

As a member of the European Union, Latvia is bound by the provisions of the ‘EU Firearms Directive’ – the 2007 Legislative Resolution on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons of the European Parliament106 107

European Union Export Reporting

Under the European Union Common Position on Arms Exports, Latvia is bound to declare its transfers of military technology and equipment. Independent monitoring provides detailed comparisons of arms export reporting compliance across EU member states, and records that Latvia has yet to submit a national report108 on its arms transfers

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was not signed109 by Latvia.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified110 by Latvia

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified111 by Latvia

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Latvia committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects112

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Latvia against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 29113 114 115 116 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Latvia has submitted one or more national reports117 50 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Latvia, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated118 50

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Latvia, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated118

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Latvia submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was not apparent50

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been donated50 by Latvia to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Latvia has declared119 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Latvia has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1991120

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies lists121 Latvia as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Latvia, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Latvia ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


Short References

1.

Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Civilian Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Civilian-Held Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13434)Full Citation

2.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms - Annexe online.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q5)Full Citation

3.

GunPolicy.org.2016.‘Estimated Number of Illicit Firearms and of Privately Owned Firearms - Latvia.’ Number of Registered Firearms, Latvia.Sydney:GunPolicy.org,15 December. (Q13227)Full Citation

4.

GunPolicy.org. 2016. ‘Number of Privately Owned Firearms.’ Definition and Selection Criteria.
Sydney School of Public Health, 12 December.
(G1) Full Citation

5.

UNODC.2010.‘Value of the Global Firearms Market (Licit and Illicit).’ The Globalization of Crime: A Transnational Organized Crime Threat Assessment (TOCTA).Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,1 June. (Q13189)Full Citation

6.

GunPolicy.org.2016.‘Calculated Rates - Latvia.’ Historical Population Data - USCB International Data Base.Suitland, MD:US Census Bureau Population Division,22 December. (Q4256)Full Citation

7.

GunPolicy.org. 2016. ‘Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population.’ Definition and Selection Criteria.
Sydney School of Public Health, 12 December.
(G6) Full Citation

8.

Latvia.2004.‘Statistics on Illicit Trafficking in Small Arms and Light Weapons Registered in Latvia.’ National Report of Latvia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Latvia to the United Nations,5 May. (Q3476)Full Citation

9.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q4)Full Citation

10.

Directorate-General for Home Affairs.2015.‘Firearms Ownership - Firearms in the EU.’ Flash Eurobarometer 383: Firearms in the European Union.Brussels:European Commission,19 January. (Q13506)Full Citation

11.

GunPolicy.org. 2019. ‘Estimated Number of Illicit Firearms.’ Definition and Selection Criteria.
Sydney School of Public Health, 24 January.
(G14) Full Citation

12.

Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Military Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Military-Owned Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13436)Full Citation

13.

Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Law Enforcement Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Law Enforcement Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13435)Full Citation

14.

WHO.2016.‘Inter-country Comparison of Mortality for Selected Cause of Death - Gun Homicide in Latvia.’ European Detailed Mortality Database (DMDB).Copenhagen:World Health Organisation Regional Office for Europe,11 July. (Q6078)Full Citation

15.

WHO.2016.‘Inter-country Comparison of Mortality for Selected Cause of Death - Gun Suicide in Latvia.’ European Detailed Mortality Database (DMDB).Copenhagen:World Health Organisation Regional Office for Europe,11 July. (Q6153)Full Citation

16.

WHO.2016.‘Inter-country Comparison of Mortality for Selected Cause of Death - Unintentional Gun Deaths in Latvia.’ European Detailed Mortality Database (DMDB).Copenhagen:World Health Organisation Regional Office for Europe,11 July. (Q6192)Full Citation

17.

WHO.2016.‘Inter-country Comparison of Mortality for Selected Cause of Death - Gun Death from Undetermined Cause in Latvia.’ European Detailed Mortality Database (DMDB).Copenhagen:World Health Organisation Regional Office for Europe,11 July. (Q6449)Full Citation

18.

Waiselfiz, Julio Jacobo.2015.‘Number and Rate of Gun Deaths in 90 Countries (Número e taxas de mortalidade por AF segundo causa básica em 90 países do mundo).’ Violence Map: Deaths by Firearms (Mapa da Violência: Mortes Matadas por Armas de Fogo).Brasilia:Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales / Latin American Social Sciences Institute,1 January. (Q11896)Full Citation

19.

WHO.2011.‘Inter-country Comparison of Mortality for Selected Cause of Death - Total Firearm Death.’ European Detailed Mortality Database (DMDB).Copenhagen:World Health Organisation Regional Office for Europe,15 September. (Q5684)Full Citation

20.

WHO.2016.‘Inter-country Comparison of Mortality for Selected Causes of Death.’ WHO Mortality Data Base.Geneva:World Health Organisation,1 December. (Q13354)Full Citation

21.

UNODC.2017.‘Intentional Homicide Victims.’ Crime and Drugs Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,19 May. (Q13355)Full Citation

22.

UNODC.2013.‘Homicide in 207 Countries - Latvia.’ Global Study on Homicide 2011: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,26 June. (Q6267)Full Citation

23.

UNODC.2014.‘Homicides and Gun Homicides in Latvia.’ Global Study on Homicide 2013: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC),10 April. (Q10318)Full Citation

24.

Petrini, Benjamin.2011.‘Europe and Central Asia, 1995-2008, Total Recorded Intentional Homicide, Completed, Rate per 100,000 Population.’ World Bank Homicide Rate Dataset 1995-2008.Washington, DC:Social Development Department, World Bank,10 February. (Q3816)Full Citation

25.

UNODC.2017.‘Intentional Homicide Victims by Sex.’ Crime and Drugs Data.Vienna:UNODC,19 May. (Q13356)Full Citation

26.

UNODC.2001.‘Latvia: Total Recorded Intentional Homicides (Completed) and Total Recorded Intentional Homicides Committed With a Firearm.’ Sixth United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems, covering the period 1995-1997.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,27 June. (Q1340)Full Citation

27.

Butchart, Alexander, Christopher Mikton and Etienne Krug.2014.‘Country Profile: Latvia.’ Global Status Report on Violence Prevention 2014.Geneva:World Health Organisation (WHO), United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and United Nations Development Programme (UNDP),10 December. (Q9618)Full Citation

28.

Jackson, Thomas.2005.‘Global Gun Deaths.’ NISAT Firearm Mortality Database 2005.Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers,1 January. (Q12)Full Citation

29.

Latvia.2003.‘Regulations Regarding Commercial Handling of Weapons, Munitions, Explosives, Explosive Devices, Special Means and Pyrotechnic Articles.’ Law on the Handling of Weapons.Riga:The Saeima,1 January. (Q1836)Full Citation

30.

Latvia.2003.‘Manufacture (Production), Repair and Possession of Weapons and Special Means, as well as Manufacture (Production) and Possession of Munitions, Pyrotechnic Articles, Explosives and Explosive Devices, Provision of Blasting and Pyrotechnic Services.’ Law on the Handling of Weapons.Riga:The Saeima of the Republic of Latvia,1 January. (Q1838)Full Citation

31.

Latvia.2016.‘Manufacture.’ National Report of Latvia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Latvia to the United Nations,4 April. (Q12910)Full Citation

32.

Latvia.2010.‘Marking, Record Keeping and Tracing.’ National Report of Latvia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Latvia to the United Nations,1 January. (Q3442)Full Citation

33.

Latvia.2004.‘Statistics on Illicit Trafficking in Small Arms and Light Weapons Registered in Latvia.’ National Report of Latvia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Latvia to the United Nations,5 May. (Q3472)Full Citation

34.

Latvia.2003.‘Regulations Regarding Commercial Handling of Weapons, Munitions, Explosives, Explosive Devices, Special Means and Pyrotechnic Articles.’ Law on the Handling of Weapons.Riga:The Saeima of the Republic of Latvia,1 January. (Q1837)Full Citation

35.

Latvia.2016.‘International Transfers.’ National Report of Latvia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Latvia to the United Nations,4 April. (Q12911)Full Citation

36.

Latvia.2016.‘Record Keeping [Import and Export].’ National Report of Latvia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Latvia to the United Nations,4 April. (Q12914)Full Citation

37.

IANSA.2006.‘Reviewing Action on Small Arms 2006: Assessing the first five years of the UN Programme of Action.’ Biting the Bullet 'Red Book' 2006.New York, NY:International Action Network on Small Arms and the Biting the Bullet project,26 June. (Q82)Full Citation

38.

Latvia.2010.‘Export Controls.’ National Report of Latvia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Latvia to the United Nations,1 January. (Q3440)Full Citation

39.

Latvia.2010.‘Export Controls.’ National Report of Latvia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Latvia to the United Nations,1 January. (Q3441)Full Citation

40.

European Council.1991.‘Article 11.’ Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons (91/477/EEC) [current to 2008 amendments].Brussels:Council of the European Communities,18 June. (Q2414)Full Citation

41.

European Council.1991.‘Article 12.’ Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons (91/477/EEC) [current to 2008 amendments].Brussels:Council of the European Communities,18 June. (Q2415)Full Citation

42.

European Council.1991.‘Article 13.’ Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons (91/477/EEC) [current to 2008 amendments].Brussels:Council of the European Communities,18 June. (Q2416)Full Citation

43.

European Council.1991.‘Article 14.’ Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons (91/477/EEC) [current to 2008 amendments].Brussels:Council of the European Communities,18 June. (Q2417)Full Citation

44.

European Commission.2013.‘The Need for Action at EU Level - EU Firearms Laws.’ Communication from the Commission to the Council and the European Parliament.Brussels:Europa.eu,21 October. (Q8320)Full Citation

45.

Marsh, Nicholas.2014.‘Database of Authorised Transfers of Small Arms and Light Weapons.’ NISAT Small Arms Trade Database.Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers,22 December. (Q16)Full Citation

46.

Small Arms Survey.2001.‘60 Known Legal Small Arms Exporting Countries, 2001.’ Small Arms Survey 2001: Profiling the Problem.Oxford:Oxford University Press,1 July. (Q867)Full Citation

47.

Latvia.2010.‘Legislation Currently in Force.’ National Report of Latvia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Latvia to the United Nations,1 January. (Q3435)Full Citation

48.

Latvia.2016.‘Brokering.’ National Report of Latvia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Latvia to the United Nations,4 April. (Q12915)Full Citation

49.

Latvia.2010.‘Brokering.’ National Report of Latvia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Latvia to the United Nations,1 January. (Q3436)Full Citation

50.

UNODA.2018.‘PoA-ISS Country Profiles.’ UN small arms Programme of Action (UNPoA) - Implementation Support System.New York, NY:United Nations Office of Disarmament Affairs,23 July. (Q1309)Full Citation

51.

European Council.1991.‘Article 4b.’ Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons (91/477/EEC) [current to 2008 amendments].Brussels:Council of the European Communities,18 June. (Q2408)Full Citation

52.

European Commission.2013.‘The Need for Action at EU Level - EU Firearms Laws.’ Communication from the Commission to the Council and the European Parliament.Brussels:Europa.eu,21 October. (Q8319)Full Citation

53.

Latvia.2004.‘Legal Base Regulating Issues of Small Arms and Light Weapons in the Republic of Latvia.’ National Report of Latvia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Latvia to the United Nations,5 May. (Q3471)Full Citation

54.

Newton, George D and Franklin E Zimring.1969.‘Firearm Licensing: Permissive v Restrictive.’ Firearms & Violence in American Life: A staff report submitted to the National Commission on the Causes and Prevention of Violence.Washington, DC:US Government Printing Office,1 January. (Q22)Full Citation

55.

Latvia.2003.‘Purpose of this Law.’ Law on the Handling of Weapons.Riga:The Saeima of the Republic of Latvia,1 January. (Q1822)Full Citation

56.

Latvia.2010.‘Legislation Currently in Force.’ National Report of Latvia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Latvia to the United Nations,1 January. (Q3434)Full Citation

57.

European Council.1991.‘European Weapons Directive.’ Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons (91/477/EEC) [current to 2008 amendments].Brussels:Council of the European Communities,18 June. (Q2403)Full Citation

58.

European Council.1991.‘Article 18.’ Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons (91/477/EEC) [current to 2008 amendments].Brussels:Council of the European Communities,18 June. (Q2418)Full Citation

59.

European Commission.2013.‘The Need for Action at EU Level - EU Firearms Laws.’ Communication from the Commission to the Council and the European Parliament.Brussels:Europa.eu,21 October. (Q8315)Full Citation

60.

Latvia.2003.‘Procedures for Acquisition, Registration, Recording, Realisation, Possession, Transportation, Conveyance or Carrying of Weapons, Munitions Thereof and Special Means.’ Law on the Handling of Weapons.Riga:The Saeima,1 January. (Q1834)Full Citation

61.

Latvia.2004.‘Co-ordinating Executive Institution.’ National Report of Latvia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Latvia to the United Nations,5 May. (Q3470)Full Citation

62.

Sherman, Amy and Tom Ginsburg.2014.‘Gun Rights in National Constitutions.’ Marco Rubio Says Second Amendment Is Unique in Speech to NRA.Miami, FL:Miami Herald (PolitiFact Florida),29 April. (Q8507)Full Citation

63.

Zachary Elkins, Tom Ginsburg and James Melton. 2013. ‘U.S. Gun Rights Truly Are American Exceptionalism.’ Bloomberg (USA). 7 March. (N422) Full Citation

64.

Latvia.2003.‘Purpose of this Law.’ Law on the Handling of Weapons.Riga:The Saeima of the Republic of Latvia,1 January. (Q4147)Full Citation

65.

Latvia.2003.‘Prohibitions.’ Law on the Handling of Weapons.Riga:The Saeima of the Republic of Latvia,1 January. (Q1825)Full Citation

66.

Latvia.2003.‘Technical Classification of Weapons, Munitions and Pyrotechnic Articles.’ Law on the Handling of Weapons.Riga:The Saeima of the Republic of Latvia,1 January. (Q1823)Full Citation

67.

European Council.1991.‘Article 6.’ Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons (91/477/EEC) [current to 2008 amendments].Brussels:Council of the European Communities,18 June. (Q2410)Full Citation

68.

European Council.1991.‘Annex 1.’ Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons (91/477/EEC) [current to 2008 amendments].Brussels:Council of the European Communities,18 June. (Q2419)Full Citation

69.

Latvia.2003.‘Weapons, Special Means and Munitions Thereof Intended for Self-defence.’ Law on the Handling of Weapons.Riga:The Saeima of the Republic of Latvia,1 January. (Q1824)Full Citation

70.

European Council.1991.‘Article 7.’ Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons (91/477/EEC) [current to 2008 amendments].Brussels:Council of the European Communities,18 June. (Q2411)Full Citation

71.

European Council.1991.‘Article 8.’ Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons (91/477/EEC) [current to 2008 amendments].Brussels:Council of the European Communities,18 June. (Q2412)Full Citation

72.

Latvia.2003.‘Issuance of Weapon Permits.’ Law on the Handling of Weapons.Riga:The Saeima of the Republic of Latvia,1 January. (Q1826)Full Citation

73.

Latvia.2003.‘Permit for Possession of Weapons.’ Law on the Handling of Weapons.Riga:The Saeima of the Republic of Latvia,1 January. (Q1829)Full Citation

74.

European Council.1991.‘Article 4a.’ Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons (91/477/EEC) [current to 2008 amendments].Brussels:Council of the European Communities,18 June. (Q2407)Full Citation

75.

Latvia.2003.‘Natural Persons who have the Right to Acquire, Possess, Carry and Transport Weapons and Special Means and to Acquire and Utilise Pyrotechnic Articles.’ Law on the Handling of Weapons.Riga:The Saeima of the Republic of Latvia,1 January. (Q1831)Full Citation

76.

Latvia.2003.‘Conditions to Natural Persons for Acquisition, Possession and Carrying of Weapons and Munitions Thereof.’ Law on the Handling of Weapons.Riga:The Saeima,1 January. (Q1833)Full Citation

77.

Latvia.2003.‘Collections of Weapons and Munitions - General Provisions.’ Law on the Handling of Weapons.Riga:The Saeima,1 January. (Q1835)Full Citation

78.

European Council.1991.‘Article 5.’ Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons (91/477/EEC) [current to 2008 amendments].Brussels:Council of the European Communities,18 June. (Q2409)Full Citation

79.

Latvia.2003.‘Restrictions on Natural Persons Regarding Acquisition, Possession and Carrying of Weapons and Munitions Thereof.’ Law on the Handling of Weapons.Riga:The Saeima,1 January. (Q1832)Full Citation

80.

Latvia.2010.‘Marking, Record Keeping and Tracing.’ National Report of Latvia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Latvia to the United Nations,1 January. (Q3443)Full Citation

81.

European Council.1991.‘Article 10.’ Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons (91/477/EEC) [current to 2008 amendments].Brussels:Council of the European Communities,18 June. (Q2413)Full Citation

82.

Latvia.2003.‘Recording of Weapons in the Republic of Latvia.’ Law on the Handling of Weapons.Riga:The Saeima of the Republic of Latvia,1 January. (Q1839)Full Citation

83.

Latvia.2016.‘Record Keeping.’ National Report of Latvia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Latvia to the United Nations,4 April. (Q12916)Full Citation

84.

European Council.1991.‘Article 4.’ Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons (91/477/EEC) [current to 2008 amendments].Brussels:Council of the European Communities,18 June. (Q2406)Full Citation

85.

Latvia.2016.‘Stockpile Management.’ National Report of Latvia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Latvia to the United Nations,4 April. (Q12954)Full Citation

86.

European Council.1991.‘Article 4.’ Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons (91/477/EEC) [current to 2008 amendments].Brussels:Council of the European Communities,18 June. (Q2405)Full Citation

87.

Latvia.2010.‘Stockpile Management and Security.’ National Report of Latvia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Latvia to the United Nations,1 January. (Q3437)Full Citation

88.

Latvia.2004.‘Checks Made by Latvian Institutions at Armouries and Businesses Engaged in the Trade of Arms.’ National Report of Latvia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Latvia to the United Nations,5 May. (Q3474)Full Citation

89.

Latvia.2016.‘Marking at Import.’ National Report of Latvia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Latvia to the United Nations,4 April. (Q12913)Full Citation

90.

European Council.1991.‘Article 4.’ Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons (91/477/EEC) [current to 2008 amendments].Brussels:Council of the European Communities,18 June. (Q2404)Full Citation

91.

European Commission.2014.‘Marking Requirement in National Illicit Firearms Trafficking Legislation.’ Study to Support an Impact Assessment on Options for Combatting Illicit Firearms Trafficking in the European Union.Luxembourg:Centre for Strategy & Evaluation Services,1 July. (Q12315)Full Citation

92.

Latvia.2016.‘International Tracing.’ National Report of Latvia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Latvia to the United Nations,4 April. (Q12917)Full Citation

93.

Latvia.2003.‘Permit for Carrying of Weapons.’ Law on the Handling of Weapons.Riga:The Saeima of the Republic of Latvia,1 January. (Q1830)Full Citation

94.

GunPolicy.org. 2015. ‘Penalty for Unlawful Firearm Possession.’ Definition and Selection Criteria.
Sydney School of Public Health, 22 January.
(G93) Full Citation

95.

Latvia.2010.‘National Criminal Offences Relating to Illicit Manufacture, Possession, Stockpiling and Trade of SALW.’ National Report of Latvia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Latvia to the United Nations,1 January. (Q3438)Full Citation

96.

Latvia.2016.‘Negligent Storage, Carrying, Transport of Firearms - Penalty.’ National Report of Latvia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Latvia to the United Nations,4 April. (Q12912)Full Citation

97.

European Commission.2014.‘Latvia.’ Study to Support an Impact Assessment on Options for Combatting Illicit Firearms Trafficking in the European Union.Luxembourg:Centre for Strategy & Evaluation Services,1 July. (Q12324)Full Citation

98.

European Commission.2014.‘Sanctions.’ Study to Support an Impact Assessment on Options for Combatting Illicit Firearms Trafficking in the European Union.Luxembourg:Centre for Strategy & Evaluation Services,1 July. (Q12307)Full Citation

99.

Latvia.2018.‘Collection.’ National Report of Latvia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Latvia to the United Nations,1 January. (Q13778)Full Citation

100.

Latvia.2014.‘Confiscation and Seizure.’ National Report of Latvia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Latvia to the United Nations,2 March. (Q12918)Full Citation

101.

Karp, Aaron, Nicholas Marsh and Giorgio Ravagli.2015.‘Number of Firearms Reported Seized by Police, 2010-2013.’ UNODC Study on Firearms 2015.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC),3 July. (Q10542)Full Citation

102.

Latvia.2012.‘Confiscation and Seizure.’ National Report of Latvia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Latvia to the United Nations,2 February. (Q12920)Full Citation

103.

Latvia.2018.‘Stockpile Management.’ National Report of Latvia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Latvia to the United Nations,1 January. (Q13777)Full Citation

104.

Latvia.2012.‘Destruction.’ National Report of Latvia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Latvia to the United Nations,2 February. (Q12919)Full Citation

105.

Latvia.2010.‘Collection and Disposal.’ National Report of Latvia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Latvia to the United Nations,1 January. (Q3439)Full Citation

106.

European Parliament.2007.‘Roll-call Vote: EU Firearms Directive.’ Legislative Resolution on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons.Brussels:VoteWatch.eu,29 November. (Q1346)Full Citation

107.

EU Parliament.2007.‘Draft Legislative Resolution on the EU Parliament Firearms Directive 2007.’ Report on the proposal for a directive of the European Parliament and of the Council amending Council Directive 91/477/EEC on control of the acquisition and possession of weapons.Brussels:European Parliament,12 July. (Q1970)Full Citation

108.

Saferworld.2010.‘EU Arms Transfer Reporting Database.’ Saferworld European Union Arms Transfer Reporting Database.London:Saferworld,9 December. (Q3364)Full Citation

109.

GDAV.2006.‘Geneva Declaration.’ Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development.Geneva:Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development Secretariat,7 June. (Q7162)Full Citation

110.

UNODA.2013.‘Towards Entry Into Force.’ Arms Trade Treaty.New York, NY:United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,2 April. (Q7226)Full Citation

111.

UNGA.2001.‘United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition.’ UN General Assembly Resolution 55/255.New York, NY:UN General Assembly,31 May. (Q17)Full Citation

112.

UNGA.2001.‘Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects.’ United Nations General Assembly.New York, NY:UN General Assembly,20 July. (Q18)Full Citation

113.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘Findings - Table 3: Reporting States by Rank and Score.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 August. (Q8752)Full Citation

114.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘What do the PoAIM Scores Represent? How Should the PoAIM Scores Be Interpreted?.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 August. (Q8753)Full Citation

115.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘Point Allocation System.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 August. (Q8754)Full Citation

116.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘Introduction.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 August. (Q8755)Full Citation

117.

Cattaneo, Silvia and Sarah Parker.2008.‘Reporting, NPCs and NCAs, 2002 to 2008.’ Implementing the United Nations Programme of Action on Small Arms and Light Weapons: Analysis of the National Reports submitted by States from 2002 to 2008.Geneva:United Nations Development Programme,1 November. (Q20)Full Citation

118.

IANSA.2006.‘Reviewing Action on Small Arms 2006: Assessing the first five years of the UN Programme of Action.’ Biting the Bullet 'Red Book' 2006.New York, NY:International Action Network on Small Arms and the Biting the Bullet project,26 June. (Q166)Full Citation

119.

UNODA.2011.‘National Reports on Small Arms Exports.’ United Nations Register of Conventional Arms - The Global Reported Arms Trade.New York, NY:United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,21 October. (Q14)Full Citation

120.

UN.2013.‘Member States of the United Nations.’ UN.org Web Site.New York, NY:United Nations General Assembly,7 April. (Q290)Full Citation

121.

Wassenaar Arrangement.1996.‘Introduction: Participating States.’ Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies.Vienna:Wassenaar Secretariat,12 July. (Q19)Full Citation