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Latvia — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Latvia is

2017: 205,0001
2005: 280,0002

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Latvia is

2017: 10.501
2005: 19.02

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

In Latvia, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be 34,0123

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

In Latvia, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be 6703

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

In Latvia, the number of handguns in civilian possession is reported to be 12,1933

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2017 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 206 countries, Latvia ranked at No. 1204

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2017 comparison of the rate of privately owned guns in 206 countries, Latvia ranked at No.694

Proportion of Adults Living in a Home With a Gun

In Latvia, the percentage of adults living in a household with a firearm is reported to be

2015: 5%5

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

ChartThe number of licensed gun owners in Latvia is reported to be

2010: 35,9113
2003: 37,5816

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in Latvia is

2010: 1.707
2003: 1.627

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Latvia is reported to be

2017: 70,0001
2010: 62,6593
2009: 62,5203
2008: 59,0483
2004: 57,5606
2003: 66,1948 9 10

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in Latvia is

2017: 3.61
2010: 2.96
2009: 2.89
2008: 2.69
2004: 2.52
2003: 2.87

Estimated Number of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms

Unregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,11 but in Latvia there are estimated to be

2017: 135,0001

Estimated Rate of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

Unregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,11 but in Latvia the rate of such firearms per 100 people is estimated to be

2017: 1.801

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Latvia are reported to have 27,93612 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Latvia are reported to have 17,00013 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Latvia, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2018: 2514
2017: 28
2016: 24
2015: 3714
2014: 2915 16 17 18
2013: 3315 16 18
2012: 3415 16 18 19
2011: 41
2010: 3220
2009: 4315 16 17 18
2008: 48
2007: 48
2006: 5215 16 18
2005: 4315 16 17 18
2004: 47
2003: 58
2002: 69
2001: 72
2000: 69
1999: 92
1998: 103
1997: 120
1996: 126

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2018: 1.2914
2017: 1.42
2016: 1.21
2015: 1.84
2014: 1.43
2013: 1.61
2012: 1.64
2011: 1.94
2010: 1.48
2009: 1.96
2008: 2.16
2007: 2.14
2006: 2.30
2005: 1.88
2004: 2.04
2003: 2.49
2002: 2.95
2001: 3.06
2000: 2.91
1999: 3.84
1998: 4.27
1997: 4.93
1996: 5.12

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Latvia, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2018: 2514
2017: 24
2016: 24
2015: 34
2014: 27
2013: 33
2012: 30
2011: 40
2010: 32
2009: 41
2008: 45
2007: 46
2006: 50
2005: 40
2004: 43
2003: 50
2001: 64
2000: 64

Rate of Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of male gun death per 100,000 population is

2018: 2.7914
2017: 2.65
2016: 2.63
2015: 3.69
2014: 2.90
2013: 3.51
2012: 3.16
2011: 4.12
2010: 3.22
2009: 4.05
2008: 4.40
2007: 4.46
2006: 4.81
2005: 3.81
2004: 4.05
2003: 4.66
2001: 5.91
2000: 5.87

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Latvia, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2017: 414
2015: 3
2014: 2
2013: 0
2012: 4
2011: 1
2010: 0
2009: 2
2008: 3
2007: 2
2006: 2
2005: 3
2004: 4
2003: 8
2001: 8
2000: 5

Rate of Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of female gun death per 100,000 population is

2017: 0.3814
2015: 0.28
2014: 0.18
2012: 0.36
2011: 0.09
2009: 0.17
2008: 0.25
2007: 0.17
2006: 0.16
2005: 0.24
2004: 0.32
2003: 0.64
2001: 0.63
2000: 0.39

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Latvia, annual homicides by any means total

2018: 7414
2017: 73
2016: 84
2015: 98
2014: 132
2013: 118
2012: 112
2011: 114
2010: 128
2009: 122
2008: 169
2007: 185
2006: 181
2005: 227
2004: 215
2003: 247
2002: 214
2001: 284
2000: 296
1999: 22921
1998: 250
1997: 272
1996: 268
1995: 288

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2018: 3.8514
2017: 3.75
2016: 4.27
2015: 4.93
2014: 6.57
2013: 5.81
2012: 5.46
2011: 5.49
2010: 6.05
2009: 5.65
2008: 7.69
2007: 8.33
2006: 8.09
2005: 10.05
2004: 9.42
2003: 10.70
2002: 9.2
2001: 12.08
2000: 12.50
1999: 9.521 22
1998: 10.3
1997: 11.2
1996: 10.9
1995: 11.6

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Latvia, annual male homicides by any means total

2018: 5414
2017: 51
2016: 64
2015: 68
2014: 92
2013: 85
2012: 82
2011: 83
2010: 91
2009: 91
2008: 116
2007: 139
2006: 128
2005: 165
2004: 139
2003: 165
2001: 201
2000: 216

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2018: 6.0814
2017: 5.69
2016: 7.07
2015: 7.44
2014: 9.98
2013: 9.13
2012: 8.72
2011: 8.73
2010: 9.38
2009: 9.16
2008: 11.45
2007: 13.58
2006: 12.42
2005: 15.87
2004: 13.22
2003: 15.53
2001: 18.57
2000: 19.80

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Latvia, annual female homicides by any means total

2018: 2014
2017: 22
2016: 20
2015: 30
2014: 40
2013: 33
2012: 30
2011: 31
2010: 37
2009: 31
2008: 53
2007: 46
2006: 53
2005: 62
2004: 76
2003: 82
2001: 83
2000: 80

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2018: 1.9314
2017: 2.10
2016: 1.89
2015: 2.80
2014: 3.68
2013: 3.01
2012: 2.70
2011: 2.75
2010: 3.23
2009: 2.66
2008: 4.47
2007: 3.84
2006: 4.39
2005: 5.09
2004: 6.17
2003: 6.58
2001: 6.54
2000: 6.26

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Latvia, annual firearm homicides total

2018: 214
2017: 1
2015: 5
2014: 6
2013: 2
2012: 4
2011: 3
2010: 3
2009: 315 23 21
2008: 8
2007: 7
2006: 11
2005: 12
2004: 8
2003: 19
2002: 25
2001: 28
2000: 25
1999: 34
1998: 48
1997: 55
1996: 55
1995: 5624

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2018: 0.1014
2017: 0.05
2015: 0.25
2014: 0.30
2013: 0.10
2012: 0.20
2011: 0.14
2010: 0.14
2009: 0.14
2008: 0.36
2007: 0.32
2006: 0.49
2005: 0.53
2004: 0.35
2003: 0.82
2002: 1.08
2001: 1.19
2000: 1.06
1999: 1.40
1998: 1.96
1997: 2.23
1996: 2.21
1995: 2.2324

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Latvia, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2011: 6%25
2010: 6%23
2009: 5%
2008: 8%
2007: 4%
2006: 3%
2005: 10%
2004: 3.5%21
2003: 8.4%
2002: 12.8%
2001: 16.4%
2000: 13.1%
1999: 14.8%
1998: 17.3%
1997: 13.8%
1996: 15.6%
1995: 16.1%

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Latvia, annual male firearm homicides total

2018: 214
2017: 1
2015: 4
2014: 5
2013: 2
2012: 2
2011: 3
2010: 3
2009: 2
2008: 7
2007: 5
2006: 11
2005: 10
2004: 5
2003: 13
2001: 22
2000: 24

Rate of Male Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of male firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.5514
2014: 0.87
2013: 0.21
2012: 0.21
2011: 0.63
2010: 0.41
2009: 0.20
2008: 0.79
2007: 0.49

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Latvia, annual female firearm homicides total

2015: 114
2014: 1
2013: 0
2012: 2
2011: 1
2010: 0
2009: 1
2008: 1
2007: 2
2005: 2
2004: 3
2003: 6
2001: 6
2000: 1

Rate of Female Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of female firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.2814
2014: 0.18
2012: 0.27
2011: 0.09
2009: 0.09
2008: 0.08
2007: 0.17

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn Latvia, annual handgun homicides total

2014: 315
2011: 2
2010: 1
2008: 1
2006: 4
2005: 1
2002: 1
2001: 7
2000: 3
1999: 2
1998: 1
1997: 2
1996: 29

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.1515
2011: 0.10
2010: 0.04
2008: 0.05
2006: 0.18
2005: 0.04
2002: 0.04
2001: 0.30
2000: 0.13
1999: 0.08
1998: 0.04
1997: 0.08
1996: 1.16

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn Latvia, annual long gun homicides total

2014: 115
2012: 1
2011: 2
2004: 1
2003: 2
2002: 2
2001: 1
2000: 3
1999: 4
1998: 3
1997: 11
1996: 5

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0515
2012: 0.05
2011: 0.10
2004: 0.04
2003: 0.09
2002: 0.09
2001: 0.04
2000: 0.13
1999: 0.16
1998: 0.12
1997: 0.45
1996: 0.20

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn Latvia, annual gun homicides (other) total

2014: 615
2013: 2
2012: 4
2011: 3
2010: 3
2009: 3
2008: 8
2007: 7
2006: 11
2005: 12
2004: 8
2003: 19
2002: 22
2001: 28
2000: 25
1999: 28
1998: 44
1997: 42
1996: 21

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.3015
2013: 0.10
2012: 0.20
2011: 0.15
2010: 0.14
2009: 0.14
2008: 0.37
2007: 0.32
2006: 0.50
2005: 0.54
2004: 0.35
2003: 0.83
2002: 0.95
2001: 1.20
2000: 1.06
1999: 1.15
1998: 1.80
1997: 1.70
1996: 0.84

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Latvia, annual suicides by any means total

2018: 31214
2017: 369
2016: 378
2015: 409
2014: 397
2013: 405
2012: 468
2011: 467
2010: 457
2009: 547
2008: 554
2007: 486
2006: 520
2005: 586
2004: 592
2003: 634
2001: 737
2000: 802
1999: 76426

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2019: 014
2018: 16.22
2017: 18.98
2016: 19.23
2015: 20.59
2014: 19.77
2013: 19.96
2012: 22.82
2011: 22.49
2010: 21.60
2009: 25.31
2008: 25.21
2007: 21.89
2006: 23.23
2005: 25.94
2004: 25.93
2003: 27.47
2001: 31.36
2000: 33.86
1999: 33.1226

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Latvia, annual male suicides by any means total

2018: 27414
2017: 297
2016: 301
2015: 328
2014: 326
2013: 344
2012: 394
2011: 392
2010: 396
2009: 447
2008: 454
2007: 391
2006: 439
2005: 467
2004: 486
2003: 510
2001: 600
2000: 649

Rate of Male Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of male suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2018: 30.8714
2017: 33.14
2016: 33.26
2015: 35.90
2014: 35.35
2013: 36.94
2012: 41.91
2011: 41.23
2010: 40.83
2009: 44.97
2008: 44.83
2007: 38.21
2006: 42.59
2005: 44.91
2004: 46.23
2003: 47.99
2001: 55.44
2000: 59.49

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Latvia, annual female suicides by any means total

2018: 3814
2017: 72
2016: 77
2015: 8114
2014: 71
2013: 61
2012: 74
2011: 75
2010: 61
2009: 100
2008: 100
2007: 95
2006: 81
2005: 119
2004: 106
2003: 124
2001: 137
2000: 153

Rate of Female Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of female suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2018: 3.6714
2017: 6.87
2016: 7.26
2015: 7.55
2014: 6.54
2013: 5.55
2012: 6.66
2011: 6.66
2010: 5.33
2009: 8.57
2008: 8.44
2007: 7.94
2006: 6.71
2005: 9.76
2004: 8.60
2003: 9.96
2001: 10.80
2000: 11.98

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Latvia, annual firearm suicides total

2018: 1314
2017: 16
2016: 14
2015: 23
2014: 1516
2013: 23
2012: 2416 19
2011: 2716
2010: 21
2009: 31
2008: 27
2007: 33
2006: 33
2005: 22
2004: 29
2003: 30
2002: 37
2001: 29
2000: 32
1999: 47
1998: 46
1997: 52
1996: 56

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2018: 0.6714
2017: 0.81
2016: 0.70
2015: 1.15
2014: 0.74
2013: 1.12
2012: 1.16
2011: 1.28
2010: 0.97
2009: 1.41
2008: 1.22
2007: 1.47
2006: 1.46
2005: 0.96
2004: 1.26
2003: 1.29
2002: 1.60
2001: 1.23
2000: 1.35
1999: 1.93
1998: 1.88
1997: 2.11
1996: 2.25

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Latvia, annual male firearm suicides total

2018: 1314
2017: 14
2016: 14
2015: 23
2014: 15
2013: 23
2012: 23
2011: 27
2010: 21
2009: 31
2008: 27
2007: 33
2006: 32
2005: 22
2004: 29
2003: 28
2001: 29
2000: 31

Rate of Male Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of male firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2018: 1.4614
2017: 1.56
2016: 1.55
2015: 2.52
2014: 1.63
2013: 2.47
2012: 2.45
2011: 2.84
2010: 2.17
2009: 3.12
2008: 2.67
2007: 3.22
2006: 3.10
2005: 2.12
2004: 2.76
2003: 2.63
2001: 2.68
2000: 2.84

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Latvia, annual female firearm suicides total

2017: 214
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 1
2011: 0
2010: 0
2006: 1
2003: 2
2000: 1

Rate of Female Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of female firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2017: 0.1914
2012: 0.09
2006: 0.08
2003: 0.16
2000: 0.08

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn Latvia, annual handgun suicides total

2014: 116
2013: 4
2012: 6
2011: 4
2010: 4
2009: 3
2008: 7
2007: 5
2006: 6
2005: 1
2004: 2
2003: 3
2002: 3
2001: 4
2000: 6
1998: 4
1997: 1
1996: 9

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0516
2013: 0.20
2012: 0.29
2011: 0.19
2010: 0.19
2009: 0.14
2008: 0.32
2007: 0.23
2006: 0.27
2005: 0.04
2004: 0.09
2003: 0.13
2002: 0.13
2001: 0.17
2000: 0.25
1998: 0.16
1997: 0.04
1996: 0.36

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn Latvia, the number of long gun suicides is

2014: 916
2013: 4
2012: 5
2011: 13
2010: 6
2009: 5
2008: 4
2007: 10
2006: 8
2005: 2
2004: 4
2003: 6
2002: 9
2001: 6
2000: 7
1999: 4
1998: 11
1997: 14
1996: 20

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.4516
2013: 0.20
2012: 0.25
2011: 0.63
2010: 0.29
2009: 0.23
2008: 0.18
2007: 0.45
2006: 0.36
2005: 0.09
2004: 0.18
2003: 0.26
2002: 0.39
2001: 0.26
2000: 0.30
1999: 0.16
1998: 0.45
1997: 0.57
1996: 0.80

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn Latvia, annual gun suicides (other) total

2014: 516
2013: 15
2012: 13
2011: 10
2010: 11
2009: 23
2008: 16
2007: 18
2006: 19
2005: 19
2004: 23
2003: 21
2002: 25
2001: 19
2000: 19
1999: 43
1998: 31
1997: 37
1996: 27

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.2516
2013: 0.75
2012: 0.64
2011: 0.49
2010: 0.52
2009: 1.07
2008: 0.73
2007: 0.82
2006: 0.86
2005: 0.85
2004: 1.02
2003: 0.92
2002: 1.08
2001: 0.81
2000: 0.80
1999: 1.77
1998: 1.27
1997: 1.50
1996: 1.08

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Latvia, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2016: 114
2014: 117
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 1
2009: 4
2008: 1
2007: 4
2005: 3
2004: 2
2003: 1
2002: 4
2001: 2
2000: 3
1999: 5
1998: 2
1997: 3
1996: 9

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.0514
2015:
2014: 0.05
2013:
2012:
2011:
2010: 0.05
2009: 0.19
2008: 0.05
2007: 0.18
2006:
2005: 0.13
2004: 0.09
2003: 0.04
2002: 0.17
2001: 0.09
2000: 0.13
1999: 0.21
1998: 0.08
1997: 0.12
1996: 0.36

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Latvia, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2016: 114
2014: 1
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 1
2009: 4
2008: 1
2007: 4
2005: 3
2004: 2
2003: 1
2001: 2
2000: 3

Rate of Unintentional Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of unintentional male shooting death per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.1114
2014: 0.11
2010: 0.10
2009: 0.40
2008: 0.10
2007: 0.39
2005: 0.29
2004: 0.19
2003: 0.09
2001: 0.18
2000: 0.27

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Latvia, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2014: 014
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Unintentional Handgun Deaths

ChartIn Latvia, annual unintentional shooting deaths by handgun total

2007: 117
2005: 1
2002: 1
1996: 3

Rate of Unintentional Handgun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by handgun per 100,000 population is

2007: 0.0417
2005: 0.04
2002: 0.04
1996: 0.12

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn Latvia, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2014: 117
2010: 1
2009: 3
2008: 1
2005: 2
2004: 2
2002: 1
2001: 1
2000: 1
1999: 2
1998: 2
1997: 1
1996: 3

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0517
2010: 0.04
2009: 0.14
2008: 0.05
2005: 0.09
2004: 0.09
2002: 0.04
2001: 0.04
2000: 0.04
1999: 0.08
1998: 0.08
1997: 0.04
1996: 0.12

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn Latvia, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2009: 117
2007: 3
2003: 1
2002: 2
2001: 1
2000: 2
1999: 3
1997: 2
1996: 3

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2009: 0.0417
2007: 0.13
2003: 0.04
2002: 0.09
2001: 0.04
2000: 0.08
1999: 0.12
1997: 0.08
1996: 0.12

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Latvia, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2018: 1014
2017: 9
2016: 8
2015: 6
2014: 318
2013: 8
2012: 5 19
2011: 818
2010: 6
2009: 5
2008: 10
2007: 4
2006: 4
2005: 5
2004: 7
2003: 6
2002: 3
2001: 5
2000: 3
1999: 6
1998: 7
1997: 10
1996: 6

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2019: 014
2018: 0.52
2017: 0.46
2016: 0.41
2015: 0.30
2014: 0.15
2013: 0.39
2012: 0.24
2011: 0.39
2010: 0.28
2009: 0.23
2008: 0.46
2007: 0.18
2006: 0.18
2005: 0.22
2004: 0.31
2003: 0.26
2002: 0.13
2001: 0.21
2000: 0.13
1999: 0.25
1998: 0.29
1997: 0.41
1996: 0.24

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Latvia, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2018: 1014
2017: 9
2016: 8
2015: 614
2014: 314
2013: 8
2012: 5
2011: 8
2010: 6
2009: 4
2008: 8
2007: 4
2006: 4
2005: 5
2004: 6
2003: 6
2001: 4
2000: 3

Rate of Male Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of unknown-cause male shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2018: 1.1314
2017: 1
2016: 0.88
2015: 0.66
2014: 0.33
2013: 0.86
2012: 0.53
2011: 0.84
2010: 0.62
2009: 0.40
2008: 0.79
2007: 0.39
2006: 0.39
2005: 0.48
2004: 0.57
2003: 0.56
2001: 0.37
2000: 0.27

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Latvia, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 014
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 1
2008: 2
2004: 1
2001: 1

Rate of Female Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of unknown-cause female shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2009: 0.0914
2008: 0.17
2004: 0.08
2001: 0.08

Handgun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Latvia, annual deaths by handgun in which the cause remains undecided total

2013: 118
2011: 1
2001: 1
1999: 2
1997: 1

Rate of Handgun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of unknown-cause handgun deaths per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0518
2011: 0.05
2001: 0.04
1999: 0.08
1997: 0.04

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Latvia, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2012: 118
2008: 1
2007: 2
2005: 2
2001: 1
1998: 1
1997: 2
1996: 1

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.0518
2008: 0.05
2007: 0.09
2005: 0.09
2001: 0.04
1998: 0.04
1997: 0.08
1996: 0.04

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Latvia, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 318
2013: 7
2012: 4
2011: 7
2010: 6
2009: 5
2008: 9
2007: 2
2006: 4
2005: 3
2004: 7
2003: 6
2002: 3
2001: 3
2000: 3
1999: 4
1998: 6
1997: 7
1996: 5

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.1518
2013: 0.35
2012: 0.20
2011: 0.34
2010: 0.29
2009: 0.23
2008: 0.41
2007: 0.09
2006: 0.18
2005: 0.13
2004: 0.31
2003: 0.26
2002: 0.13
2001: 0.13
2000: 0.13
1999: 0.16
1998: 0.25
1997: 0.28
1996: 0.20

Legal Intervention Gun Homicides

In Latvia, annual legal-intervention gun homicides total

2008: 114

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Latvia, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence,27 28 but is not conducted in practise29 30 31 3233 34 35 36

Home-made Guns

In Latvia, the prevalence of illicit craft, or 'home-made' firearm manufacture is reported to be moderate37 31

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Latvia, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54

Firearm Exports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms exported from Latvia is reported by manufacturers to be

2020: 13855
2019: 112
2018: 157
2017: 101
2016: 0
2015: 0

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

ChartThe annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Latvia is reported by Customs to be US$

2021: 2,095,00056
2020: 222,000
2019: 900,000
2018: 1,530,000
2017: 875,000
2016: 416,000
2015: 168,000
2014: 632,000
2013: 618,000
2012: 334,000
2011: 230,000
2010: 436,000
2009: 811,000
2008: 15,000
2007:
2006: 3,000
2005: 470,000
2004: 90,000
2003: 95,000
2002: 171,000

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Latvia was categorized as 'minor'57

Firearm Imports

In Latvia, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law38 39 40 41 58 44 45 46 47 49 59 60 61 62 54

Firearm Imports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms imported to Latvia is reported to be

2020: 1155
2019: 22
2018: 8,368
2017: 5,131
2016: 706
2015: 178
2014: 33263
2013: 966
2012: 550
2011: 230
2010: 1,183
2009: 1,438
2008: 1,242
2007: 1,972

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

ChartThe annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Latvia is reported by Customs to be US$

2021: 68,643,00064
2020: 25,670,000
2019: 23,243,000
2018: 22,005,000
2017: 6,653,000
2016: 11,284,000
2015: 5,141,000
2014: 4,921,000
2013: 10,452,000
2012: 4,928,000
2011: 5,550,000
2010: 3,732,000
2009: 7,010,000
2008: 8,972,000
2007: 6,168,000
2006: 7,147,000
2005: 1,366,000
2004: 2,181,000
2003: 2,422,000
2002: 2,819,000
:

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Latvia is moderate37 65 66

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Latvia, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law41 67 68 69 70

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Latvia include42 43 71 59 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Latvia is categorised as restrictive72

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Latvia includes the

Law on the Handling of Weapons,73 74 the Law on the Circulation of Goods of Strategic Significance of 2007,75 the Law on International Sanctions and National Sanctions of the Republic of Latvia, 76 the Criminal Law,3977 the Law on Administrative Liability, 78 Regulations of the Cabinet of Ministers No. 210: Rules on the Movement of Arms and Ammunition,79 Regulations of the Cabinet of Ministers No. 182: Procedures for Marking Firearms, Their Essential Components and Ammunition, High-Energy Pneumatic Weapons, Gas Weapons and Signal Weapons, 80 Regulations of the Cabinet of Ministers No. 536: Procedures for Commercial Circulation of Weapons, Ammunition and Special Means, 81 the Law on the Handling of Weapons,82 Directive (EU) 2021/555 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 24 March 2021 on control of the acquisition and possession of weapons ,83 84 the European Union Firearms Regulation of 2012 and the Common Position on the Control of Arms Brokering of 200385

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Latvia are regulated by the Cabinet86 and the Office for Control of Weaponry of the Department of Security Policy of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs,87 and the European Commission84

Right to Possess Firearms

In Latvia, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law88 89 90

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Latvia, civilians are not allowed to possess imitation, sawn-off firearms, automatic category A firearms, military smooth-bore firearms, short-barrelled category B firearms91 92 93 94

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Latvia, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited95 93 94 25

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Latvia, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted under licence95 92 96 97 94

Regulation of Handguns

In Latvia, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence, up to 9mm95 58 93 96 97 94 25

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Latvia, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law95 92 25

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Latvia, only licensed gun owners58 98 99 6 100 93 96 25 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Latvia are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example self-defence, hunting, sport, work or performance of duties, as well as collection58 109 110 111 95 6 112 113 101 103 104 106 107 114

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Latvia is between 16 and 18 years, depending on the category of firearm 109 112 102 103 104 105

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Latvia must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental health, addiction, medical and prohibited military115 112 25 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Latvia, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required90

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Latvia does not stipulate90 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Latvia, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required110 116 117 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Latvia, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every one to five years98

Licensing Records

In Latvia, authorities maintain a record118 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Latvia are permitted to possess 10 firearms110 119 120

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Latvia are permitted to possess only 500 cartridges of same calibre110 47 120

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Latvia, the law requires111 121 122 40 118 123 124 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Latvia, licensed firearm dealers are required38 118 123 124 125 126 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Latvia, licensed gun makers are required 126 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Latvia, State agencies are required127 124 126 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Latvia, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited27 113 50 128 129

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Latvia, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful27 38 58 68 97 113 128 130 129 131 132 133 134

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In Latvia, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is undetermined90

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Latvia, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are not regulated90 135 130 136 137 138 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Latvia do not include90 139 140 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Latvia include141 142 143 144 140 145 146 147 36 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Latvia include127 141 142 140 148 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Latvia include98 58 149 150 106 140 148 151 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Latvia, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit152 95 98 25 153 154 104 155 156 120 108

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Latvia, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is prohibited91 25 153 156 120

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Latvia, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm157 is 10 years in prison158 159 160 161 33 162

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

European Union

As a member of the European Union, Latvia is bound by the provisions of the ‘EU Firearms Directive’ – the 2007 Legislative Resolution on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons of the European Parliament163 164

European Union Export Reporting

Under the European Union Common Position on Arms Exports, Latvia is bound to declare its transfers of military technology and equipment. Independent monitoring provides detailed comparisons of arms export reporting compliance across EU member states, and records that Latvia has yet to submit a national report165 on its arms transfers

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was not signed166 by Latvia.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified167 by Latvia

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been ratified (accession)168 by Latvia

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Latvia committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects169

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Latvia against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 29170 171 172 173 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Latvia has submitted one or more national reports174 67 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Latvia, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated67

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Latvia, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated175

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Latvia submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was not apparent67

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been donated67 by Latvia to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Latvia has declared176 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Latvia has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1991177

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies lists178 Latvia as a Participating State

BackgroundSustainable Development Goal Profile

About SDG 16

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are 17 goals set by the United Nations to be implemented by all member states by 2030. Adopted in 2015, they outline a vision of development in which peace and security are an integral part. SDG 16,179 which seeks to “promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development,” includes targets and indicators focused on reducing violence (Target 16.1) and the proliferation of illicit arms (Target 16.4). The indicators – or measurement criteria – of these targets include the number of victims of intentional homicide (Indicator 16.1.1), the number of conflict-related deaths (Indicator 16.1.2), and the number of illicit firearms collected and traced (Indicator 16.4.2). In light of these targets and indicators, GunPolicy.org provides granular national data pertaining to homicides, gun homicides, conflict deaths, disarmament efforts, and marking and tracing.

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Latvia, annual homicides by any means total

2018: 7414
2017: 73
2016: 84
2015: 98
2014: 132
2013: 118
2012: 112
2011: 114
2010: 128
2009: 122
2008: 169
2007: 185
2006: 181
2005: 227
2004: 215
2003: 247
2002: 214
2001: 284
2000: 296
1999: 22921
1998: 250
1997: 272
1996: 268
1995: 288

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2018: 3.8514
2017: 3.75
2016: 4.27
2015: 4.93
2014: 6.57
2013: 5.81
2012: 5.46
2011: 5.49
2010: 6.05
2009: 5.65
2008: 7.69
2007: 8.33
2006: 8.09
2005: 10.05
2004: 9.42
2003: 10.70
2002: 9.2
2001: 12.08
2000: 12.50
1999: 9.521 22
1998: 10.3
1997: 11.2
1996: 10.9
1995: 11.6

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Latvia, annual male homicides by any means total

2018: 5414
2017: 51
2016: 64
2015: 68
2014: 92
2013: 85
2012: 82
2011: 83
2010: 91
2009: 91
2008: 116
2007: 139
2006: 128
2005: 165
2004: 139
2003: 165
2001: 201
2000: 216

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2018: 6.0814
2017: 5.69
2016: 7.07
2015: 7.44
2014: 9.98
2013: 9.13
2012: 8.72
2011: 8.73
2010: 9.38
2009: 9.16
2008: 11.45
2007: 13.58
2006: 12.42
2005: 15.87
2004: 13.22
2003: 15.53
2001: 18.57
2000: 19.80

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Latvia, annual female homicides by any means total

2018: 2014
2017: 22
2016: 20
2015: 30
2014: 40
2013: 33
2012: 30
2011: 31
2010: 37
2009: 31
2008: 53
2007: 46
2006: 53
2005: 62
2004: 76
2003: 82
2001: 83
2000: 80

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2018: 1.9314
2017: 2.10
2016: 1.89
2015: 2.80
2014: 3.68
2013: 3.01
2012: 2.70
2011: 2.75
2010: 3.23
2009: 2.66
2008: 4.47
2007: 3.84
2006: 4.39
2005: 5.09
2004: 6.17
2003: 6.58
2001: 6.54
2000: 6.26

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Latvia, annual firearm homicides total

2018: 214
2017: 1
2015: 5
2014: 6
2013: 2
2012: 4
2011: 3
2010: 3
2009: 315 23 21
2008: 8
2007: 7
2006: 11
2005: 12
2004: 8
2003: 19
2002: 25
2001: 28
2000: 25
1999: 34
1998: 48
1997: 55
1996: 55
1995: 5624

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2018: 0.1014
2017: 0.05
2015: 0.25
2014: 0.30
2013: 0.10
2012: 0.20
2011: 0.14
2010: 0.14
2009: 0.14
2008: 0.36
2007: 0.32
2006: 0.49
2005: 0.53
2004: 0.35
2003: 0.82
2002: 1.08
2001: 1.19
2000: 1.06
1999: 1.40
1998: 1.96
1997: 2.23
1996: 2.21
1995: 2.2324

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Latvia, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2011: 6%25
2010: 6%23
2009: 5%
2008: 8%
2007: 4%
2006: 3%
2005: 10%
2004: 3.5%21
2003: 8.4%
2002: 12.8%
2001: 16.4%
2000: 13.1%
1999: 14.8%
1998: 17.3%
1997: 13.8%
1996: 15.6%
1995: 16.1%

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Latvia, annual male firearm homicides total

2018: 214
2017: 1
2015: 4
2014: 5
2013: 2
2012: 2
2011: 3
2010: 3
2009: 2
2008: 7
2007: 5
2006: 11
2005: 10
2004: 5
2003: 13
2001: 22
2000: 24

Rate of Male Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of male firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.5514
2014: 0.87
2013: 0.21
2012: 0.21
2011: 0.63
2010: 0.41
2009: 0.20
2008: 0.79
2007: 0.49

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Latvia, annual female firearm homicides total

2015: 114
2014: 1
2013: 0
2012: 2
2011: 1
2010: 0
2009: 1
2008: 1
2007: 2
2005: 2
2004: 3
2003: 6
2001: 6
2000: 1

Rate of Female Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of female firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.2814
2014: 0.18
2012: 0.27
2011: 0.09
2009: 0.09
2008: 0.08
2007: 0.17

Conflict Deaths

For a profile of conflict in Latvia, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Disarmament

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn Latvia, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2021: 1,665180
2020: 1,533
2019: 1,030181
2018: 1,420
2017: 571182
2016: 664
2015:
2013: 12183 184
2012: 72
2011: 129185 184
2010: 136
723186:

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn Latvia, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2021: 559187
2020: 608
2017: 669188
2016: 865
2011: 3189
2010: 11

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Latvia, it is state policy190 191 129 108 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

Marking and Tracing

Firearm Marking

In Latvia, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law91 30 192 67 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 34 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209

Firearm Tracing

In Latvia, state authorities carry out210 121 193 123 211 196 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Latvia, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are121 212 recorded in a register

Global Peace Index

To see where Latvia ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index, and then click on Latvia on the map or in the "Select Country" menu on the right of the web page


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