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Kazakhstan — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Kazakhstan is

2017: 504,0001
2012: 200,0002 3

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Kazakhstan is

2017: 2.801
2012: 1.32 3

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Kazakhstan ranked at No. 1164

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Kazakhstan ranked at No. 1422

Number of Registered Firearms

The number of registered guns in Kazakhstan is reported to be

2017: 284,0001

Estimated Number of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms

Unregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,5 but in Kazakhstan there are estimated to be

2017: 220,0001

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Kazakhstan are reported to have 375,6906 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Kazakhstan are reported to have 65,0007 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Kazakhstan, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2015: 1808
2014: 171
2013: 215

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Kazakhstan, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.998
2014: 0.95
2013: 1.21

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Kazakhstan, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2015: 1628
2014: 161
2013: 199

Rate of Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Kazakhstan, the annual rate of male gun death per 100,000 population is

2015: 1.878
2014: 1.87
2013: 2.34

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Kazakhstan, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2015: 188
2014: 10
2013: 16

Rate of Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Kazakhstan, the annual rate of female gun death per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.198
2014: 0.11
2013: 0.17

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Kazakhstan, annual homicides by any means total

2015: 1,0468
2014: 1,022
2013: 1,080
2012: 1,266
2011: 1,4209 10 11
2010: 1,387
2009: 1,771
2008: 1,807
2007: 1,656
2006: 1,7299 10 12
2005: 1,804
2004: 2,0919 10 11
2003: 1,9919 11
2002: 1,967
2001: 2,160
2000: 2,325
1999: 2,37411
1998: 2,531
1997: 2,58113
1996: 2,625
1995: 2,447

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Kazakhstan, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 5.768
2014: 5.69
2013: 6.09
2012: 7.23
2011: 8.21
2010: 8.12
2009: 10.50
2008: 10.85
2007: 10.89 10 11 14
2006: 11.49 10 12
2005: 12.0
2004: 14.09 10 11
2003: 13.59 11
2002: 13.5
2001: 14.8
2000: 16.0
1999: 15.711
1998: 16.6
1997: 16.3313
1996: 16.49
1995: 15.23

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Kazakhstan, annual male homicides by any means total

2015: 8148
2014: 796
2013: 829
2012: 990
2011: 1,091
2010: 1,043
2009: 1,355
2008: 1,444

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Kazakhstan, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 9.388
2014: 9.26
2013: 9.75
2012: 12.09
2011: 13.55
2010: 13.16
2009: 17.33
2008: 18.69

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Kazakhstan, annual female homicides by any means total

2015: 2328
2014: 226
2013: 251
2012: 276
2011: 329
2010: 344
2009: 416
2008: 363

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Kazakhstan, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 2.458
2014: 2.42
2013: 2.72
2012: 3.16
2011: 3.83
2010: 4.06
2009: 4.97
2008: 4.39

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Kazakhstan, annual firearm homicides total

2015: 7415
2014: 47
2013: 71
2012: 9016
2011: 99
2010: 96
2009: 112
2008: 829 11
2007: 83
2006: 699 12
2005: 108
1997: 21713
1996: 185
1995: 173

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Kazakhstan, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.418
2014: 0.26
2013: 0.40
2012: 0.5017
2011: 0.57
2010: 0.57
2009: 0.66
2008: 0.4917 11
2007: 0.50
2006: 0.4217 12
2005: 0.67
1997: 1.3713
1996: 1.16
1995: 1.08

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Kazakhstan, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2012: 7%9
2011: 7%
2010: 7%
2009: 7%
2008: 5%
2007: 5%
2006: 4%
2005: 6%
1997: 8.4%11
1996: 7.0%
1995: 7.1%

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Kazakhstan, annual male firearm homicides total

2015: 658
2014: 46
2013: 63

Rate of Male Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Kazakhstan, the annual rate of male firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.758
2014: 0.54
2013: 0.74

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Kazakhstan, annual female firearm homicides total

2015: 98
2014: 1
2013: 8

Rate of Female Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Kazakhstan, the annual rate of female firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.098
2014: 0.01
2013: 0.09

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn Kazakhstan, annual handgun homicides total

2015: 915
2014: 10
2013: 13

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Kazakhstan, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.0515
2014: 0.06
2013: 0.08

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn Kazakhstan, annual long gun homicides total

2015: 3215
2014: 21
2013: 29

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Kazakhstan, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.1815
2014: 0.12
2013: 0.17

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn Kazakhstan, annual gun homicides (other) total

2015: 3315
2014: 16
2013: 29

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Kazakhstan, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.1915
2014: 0.09
2013: 0.17

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Kazakhstan, annual suicides by any means total

2015: 2,8738
2014: 3,123
2013: 3,514
2012: 3,24118
2011: 3,405
2010: 3,617
2009: 3,846
2008: 4,009
2007: 4,168
2006: 4,086
2005: 3,919
2004: 4,412
1999: 4,00419

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Kazakhstan, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 15.828
2014: 17.40
2013: 19.81
2012: 19.3018
2011: 20.56
2010: 22.16
2009: 24.15
2008: 25.58
2007: 26.92
2006: 26.69
2005: 25.87
2004: 29.39
1999: 25.9419

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Kazakhstan, annual male suicides by any means total

2015: 2,3438
2014: 2,560
2013: 2,839

Rate of Male Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Kazakhstan, the annual rate of male suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 26.998
2014: 29.80
2013: 33.40

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Kazakhstan, annual female suicides by any means total

2015: 5308
2014: 563
2013: 675

Rate of Female Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Kazakhstan, the annual rate of female suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 5.598
2014: 6.02
2013: 7.31

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Kazakhstan, annual firearm suicides total

2015: 3720
2014: 48
2013: 53

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Kazakhstan, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.208
2014: 0.27
2013: 0.30

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Kazakhstan, annual male firearm suicides total

2015: 358
2014: 46
2013: 51

Rate of Male Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Kazakhstan, the annual rate of male firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.408
2014: 0.54
2013: 0.60

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Kazakhstan, annual female firearm suicides total

2015: 28
2014: 2
2013: 2

Rate of Female Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Kazakhstan, the annual rate of female firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.028
2014: 0.02
2013: 0.02

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn Kazakhstan, annual handgun suicides total

2015: 1120
2014: 15
2013: 17

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Kazakhstan, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.0620
2014: 0.09
2013: 0.10

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn Kazakhstan, the number of long gun suicides is

2015: 1620
2014: 22
2013: 23

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Kazakhstan, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.0920
2014: 0.13
2013: 0.14

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn Kazakhstan, annual gun suicides (other) total

2015: 1020
2014: 11
2013: 13

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Kazakhstan, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.0620
2014: 0.06
2013: 0.08

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Kazakhstan, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2015: 5021
2014: 48
2013: 57
1997: 8319

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Kazakhstan, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.288
2014: 0.27
2013: 0.32
997: 0.5419

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Kazakhstan, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2015: 448
2014: 46
2013: 54

Rate of Unintentional Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Kazakhstan, the annual rate of unintentional male shooting death per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.518
2014: 0.54
2013: 0.64

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Kazakhstan, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2015: 68
2014: 2
2013: 3

Rate of Unintentional Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Kazakhstan, the annual rate of unintentional female shooting death per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.068
2014: 0.02
2013: 0.03

Unintentional Handgun Deaths

ChartIn Kazakhstan, annual unintentional shooting deaths by handgun total

2015: 2721
2014: 21
2013: 24

Rate of Unintentional Handgun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Kazakhstan, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by handgun per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.1521
2014: 0.12
2013: 0.14

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn Kazakhstan, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2015: 1621
2014: 19
2013: 25

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Kazakhstan, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.0921
2014: 0.11
2013: 0.15

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn Kazakhstan, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2015: 721
2014: 8
2013: 8

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Kazakhstan, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.0421
2014: 0.05
2013: 0.05

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Kazakhstan, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2015: 1822
2014: 16
2013: 29

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Kazakhstan, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.108
2014: 0.09
2013: 0.16

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Kazakhstan, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2015: 188
2014: 14
2013: 28

Rate of Male Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Kazakhstan, the annual rate of unknown-cause male shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.218
2014: 0.16
2013: 0.33

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Kazakhstan, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2015: 08
2014: 2
2013: 1

Rate of Female Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Kazakhstan, the annual rate of unknown-cause female shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.028
2013: 0.01

Handgun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Kazakhstan, annual deaths by handgun in which the cause remains undecided total

2015: 422
2013: 6

Rate of Handgun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Kazakhstan, the annual rate of unknown-cause handgun deaths per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.0222
2013: 0.04

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Kazakhstan, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2015: 722
2014: 12
2013: 9

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Kazakhstan, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.0422
2014: 0.07
2013: 0.05

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Kazakhstan, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2015: 722
2014: 4
2013: 14

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Kazakhstan, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.0422
2014: 0.02
2013: 0.08

Legal Intervention Gun Homicides

ChartIn Kazakhstan, annual legal-intervention gun homicides total

2015: 18
2014: 12
2013: 5

ProductionGun Industry

Home-made Guns

In Kazakhstan, the prevalence of illicit craft, or 'home-made' firearm manufacture is reported to be moderate23

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Kazakhstan, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law24

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Kazakhstan is reported by Customs to be US$23,74525 (2011) 26

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Kazakhstan was categorized as 'unknown'27

Firearm Imports

In Kazakhstan, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law24

Firearm Imports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms imported to Kazakhstan is reported to be

2012: 47928
2011: 166
2009: 4,331
2008: 100

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Kazakhstan is reported by Customs to be US$8,278,69125 (2011)29 30 31 32 33 26

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Kazakhstan is low23

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Kazakhstan, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law34

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Kazakhstan includes the Criminal Code 1997, Law No. 339 on State Control over Circulation of Certain Type of Weapons 1998, Rules on Circulation of Weapons and Their Ammunition 2000, Decree of the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan No. 635 on Certain Issues Relating to the Licensing for Development, Production, Repair, Sales, Acquisition, and Exhibition of Combat Small Arms and Their Ammunition 2004, and Law No. 214-III on Licensing 200735 36

Right to Possess Firearms

In Kazakhstan, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law37 38

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Kazakhstan, civilians are not allowed to possess automatic firearms and handguns39 40

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Kazakhstan, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited39 40 41

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Kazakhstan, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is not specifically prohibited in law39 40

Regulation of Handguns

In Kazakhstan, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is prohibited39 40 41

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Kazakhstan, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law41 40

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Kazakhstan, only licensed gun owners42 43 44 45 41 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Kazakhstan are required to establish a genuine reason, for example self-defence, sporting, or hunting purposes46

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Kazakhstan is 18 years46 41

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Kazakhstan must pass a background check which considers medical (including mental health) and criminal46 35 47 45 records

Firearm Safety Training

In Kazakhstan, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required43 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Kazakhstan, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every five years43 48

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Kazakhstan are permitted to possess two firearms36

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Kazakhstan, the law requires43 35 36 42 39 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Kazakhstan, State agencies are required49 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Kazakhstan include43 35 50 48 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Kazakhstan, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law51

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Kazakhstan, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit52 48 41

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Kazakhstan, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit52 48 41

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Kazakhstan, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm53 is 1-5 monthly salaries48 42

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in Kazakhstan are known to have54 55 56 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Surrendered in Gun Amnesty

In Kazakhstan, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered in recent arms amnesty and collection programmes is reported to be 26,51956

Small Arms Destroyed

In Kazakhstan, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be 22,19756 (2003-2009)54 57

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Kazakhstan, it is state policy54 55 56 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 200858 by Kazakhstan.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has not been signed59 by Kazakhstan

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified60 by Kazakhstan

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Kazakhstan committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects61

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Kazakhstan against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 4462 63 64 65 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Kazakhstan has submitted one or more national reports66 34 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Kazakhstan, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated67 34

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Kazakhstan, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated67

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Kazakhstan submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was not apparent67 34

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated34 by Kazakhstan to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided34 to Kazakhstan by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Kazakhstan has declared68 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Kazakhstan has been a Member State of the United Nations since 199269

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list70 Kazakhstan as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Kazakhstan, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Kazakhstan ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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