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Jamaica — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Jamaica is

2017: 246,0001
2010: 180,0002
2005: 215,0003
:

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Jamaica is

2017: 8.744
2010: 6.34
2005: 7.54
:

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

ChartIn Jamaica, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be

2016: 1935
1999: 7436

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

ChartIn Jamaica, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be

2016: 5,3485
1995: 3,4226

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

ChartIn Jamaica, the number of handguns in civilian possession is reported to be

2016: 35,3735
1995: 13,9806

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 206 countries, Jamaica ranked at No. 1107

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a comparison of the rate of privately owned guns in 206 countries, Jamaica ranked at No.807

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

ChartThe number of licensed gun owners in Jamaica is reported to be

2016: 34,0555
2010: 25,1002
2006: 27,0008
2004: 50,0009

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in Jamaica is

2016: 1.154
2010: 0.88
2006: 0.98
2004: 1.84

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Jamaica is reported to be

2017: 45,9155 1
2010: 32,6002 10
2005: 65,0003 11 12

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in Jamaica is

2017: 1.634
2010: 1.15
2005: 2.28

Estimated Number of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms

ChartUnregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,13 but in Jamaica there are estimated to be

2017: 200,0851
2010: 147,4002
2005: 150,0003

Estimated Rate of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

ChartUnregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,13 but in Jamaica the rate of such firearms per 100 people is estimated to be

2017: 7.114
2010: 5.19
2005: 5.26

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Jamaica are reported to have 8,68114 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Jamaica are reported to have 12,00015 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Jamaica, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2015: 1,03916
2011: 1,08117
2010: 267
2009: 1,623
1997: 45018
1995: 45919

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Jamaica, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2015: 35.224
2011: 38.1617
2010: 9.41
2009: 57.08
1997: 18.618
1995: 18.594

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Jamaica, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 18217
2013: 246
2012: 172
2011: 1,004
2010: 241
2009: 1,457
2006: 175
2005: 1,346
2004: 99
2003: 94
2001: 111
2000: 94

Rate of Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Jamaica, the annual rate of male gun death per 100,000 population is

2011: 71.5917
2010: 17.15
2009: 103.45

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Jamaica, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 1817
2013: 25
2012: 21
2011: 76
2010: 26
2009: 113
2006: 16
2005: 112
2004: 14
2003: 12
2001: 12
2000: 13

Rate of Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Jamaica, the annual rate of female gun death per 100,000 population is

2014: 1.2617
2013: 1.75
2012: 1.47
2011: 5.30
2010: 1.81
2009: 7.86
2006: 1.11
2005: 7.78
2004: 0.97
2003: 0.84
2001: 0.84
2000: 0.92

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Jamaica, annual homicides by any means total

2021: 1,46320
2020: 1,331
2019: 1,340
2018: 1,289
2017: 1,647
2016: 1,354
2015: 1,209
2014: 1,005
2013: 1,202
2012: 1,102
2011: 1,133
2010: 1,447
2009: 1,683
2008: 1,61921 22 23 24 25
2007: 1,584
2006: 1,340
2005: 1,67426 21 22 23 24 25
2004: 1,471
2003: 975
2002: 1,045
2001: 1,139
2000: 887
1999: 84926 23 27
1998: 953
1997: 1,031
1996: 925
1995: 78026 23
1994: 69026
1993: 654
1992: 629
1991: 561
1990: 542

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Jamaica, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2021: 49.420
2020: 44.9528
2019: 45.45
2018: 43.92
2017: 56.39
2016: 46.59
2015: 41.82
2014: 34.95
2013: 42.05
2012: 38.77
2011: 40.09
2010: 51.49
2009: 60.20
2008: 58.20
2007: 57.22
2006: 48.65
2005: 61.09
2004: 53.98
2003: 35.99
2002: 38.81
2001: 42.58
2000: 33.41
1999: 33.423 29
1998: 33.923 29 27
1997: 41.423 27
1996: 37.223 29 27
1995: 31.723
1994: 28.324
1993: 27.17
1992: 26.45
1991: 23.79
1990: 23.09

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Jamaica, annual male homicides by any means total

2016: 1,21530
2015: 1,091
2014: 905
2013: 2,142
2012: 972
2011: 1,014
2010: 1,302
2009: 1,527
2008: 1,454
2007: 1,433
2006: 1,188
2005: 1,488
2004: 1,330
2003: 888
2002: 921
2001: 1,031

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Jamaica, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 87.2530
2015: 78.30
2014: 64.89
2013: 153.36
2012: 69.46
2011: 72.30
2010: 92.63
2009: 108.42
2008: 103.08
2007: 101.47
2006: 84.05
2005: 105.23
2004: 94.05
2003: 62.81
2002: 65.19
2001: 73.33

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Jamaica, annual female homicides by any means total

2016: 13730
2015: 116
2014: 100
2013: 259
2012: 127
2011: 119
2010: 145
2009: 156
2008: 165
2007: 151
2006: 152
2005: 186
2004: 141
2003: 88
2002: 124
2001: 108

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Jamaica, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 9.6430
2015: 8.15
2014: 7.02
2013: 18.17
2012: 8.89
2011: 8.32
2010: 10.12
2009: 10.87
2008: 11.48
2007: 10.50
2006: 10.56
2005: 12.93
2004: 9.80
2003: 6.12
2002: 8.63
2001: 7.55

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Jamaica, annual firearm homicides total

2021: 1,24431
2020: 1,11728
2019: 1,119
2018: 1,013
2017: 1,344
2016: 1,10028
2015: 974
2014: 715
2013: 883
2012: 773
2011: 792
2010: 1,097
2009: 1,195
2008: 1,246
2007: 1,251
2006: 1,005
2005: 1,27823 32 9
2004: 1,111
2003: 69032 9
2002: 710
2001: 790
2000: 57532
1995: 45019

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Jamaica, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2020: 37.7228
2019: 37.95
2018: 34.52
2017: 46.01
2016: 37.85
2015: 33.69
2014: 24.87
2013: 30.92
2012: 27.37
2011: 28.03
2010: 38.90
2009: 42.02
2008: 44.43
2007: 44.96
2006: 36.42
2005: 47.723 32 25
2004: 41.7
2003: 26.332 4
2002: 27.1
2001: 30.3
2000: 22.232
1997: 18.2327
1995: 16.9719

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Jamaica, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2015: 80%33
2013: 74%21
2012: 71%
2011: 70%21 22 34
2010: 76%21 22
2009: 77%22
2008: 77%
2007: 79%
2006: 75%
2005: 76.3%23
2004: 75.5%
2000: 61%35
1990: 50%

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Jamaica, annual male firearm homicides total

2015: 89928
2014: 670
2013: 815
2012: 707
2011: 728
2010: 1,009
2009: 1,110

Rate of Male Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Jamaica, the annual rate of male firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 62.9028
2014: 47
2013: 57.50
2012: 50.10
2011: 51.80
2010: 72.10
2009: 78.81

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Jamaica, annual female firearm homicides total

2015: 7628
2014: 44
2013: 68
2012: 66
2011: 64
2010: 88
2009: 85

Rate of Female Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Jamaica, the annual rate of female firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 5.3028
2014: 3.10
2013: 4.70
2012: 4.60
2011: 4.50
2010: 6.20
2009: 5.92

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Jamaica, annual suicides by any means total

2016: 6236
2015: 61
2011: 5017
2010: 56
2009: 36
2008: 4737 38
2007: 5037
2006: 53
2005: 58
2004: 4237 38
2003: 6437
2002: 56
2001: 73
2000: 6036
1995: 3619

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Jamaica, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 2.2036
2015: 2.17
2011: 1.7617
2010: 1.97
2009: 1.27
2008: 1.837 38
2007: 1.937
2006: 2.0
2005: 2.2
2004: 1.6
2003: 2.4
2002: 2.1
2001: 2.8
2000: 2.1336
1995: 1.3619

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Jamaica, annual male suicides by any means total

2016: 4736
2015: 47
2011: 4417
2010: 43
2009: 33
2000: 50

Rate of Male Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Jamaica, the annual rate of male suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 3.3836
2015: 3.37
2011: 3.1417
2010: 3.06
2009: 2.34
2000: 3.59

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Jamaica, annual female suicides by any means total

2016: 1536
2015: 15
2010: 13
2000: 11

Rate of Female Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Jamaica, the annual rate of female suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 1.0536
2015: 1.05
2010: 0.91
2000: 0.78

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Jamaica, annual firearm suicides total

2015: 916
2011: 417
2010: 0
2009: 4
2005: 8
1995: 919

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Jamaica, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.314
2011: 0.1417
2010: 0.00
2009: 0.14
1995: 0.3419

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Jamaica, annual male firearm suicides total

2011: 417
2010: 0
2009: 4
2005: 8

Rate of Male Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Jamaica, the annual rate of male firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.2917
2010: 0.00
2009: 0.28
2005: 0.57

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Jamaica, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2011: 417
2010: 0
2009: 198
2006: 191
2005: 16
2004: 113
2003: 106
2001: 121
2000: 106

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Jamaica, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.1417
2010: 0.00
2009: 6.96
2006: 6.69
2005: 0.56
2004: 4.00
2003: 3.71
2001: 4.26
2000: 3.77

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Jamaica, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2011: 317
2010: 0
2009: 176
2006: 175
2005: 16
2004: 99
2003: 94
2001: 109
2000: 93

Rate of Unintentional Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Jamaica, the annual rate of unintentional male shooting death per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.2117
2010: 0.00
2009: 12.50
2006: 12.38
2005: 1.13
2004: 7
2003: 6.65
2001: 7.75
2000: 6.68

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Jamaica, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2011: 117
2010: 0
2009: 22
2006: 16
2004: 14
2003: 12
2001: 12
2000: 13

Rate of Unintentional Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Jamaica, the annual rate of unintentional female shooting death per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.0717
2009: 1.53
2006: 1.11
2004: 0.97
2003: 0.83
2001: 0.84
2000: 0.92

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Jamaica, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 20017
2013: 269
2012: 192
2011: 222
2010: 267
2009: 5

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Jamaica, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 7.1017
2013: 9.53
2012: 6.79
2011: 7.84
2010: 9.41
2009: 0.18

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Jamaica, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 18217
2013: 244
2012: 172
2011: 20117
2010: 241
2009: 2

Rate of Male Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Jamaica, the annual rate of unknown-cause male shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 13.0517
2013: 17.47
2012: 12.29
2011: 14.33
2010: 17.15
2009: 0.14

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Jamaica, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 1817
2013: 25
2012: 20
2011: 21
2010: 26

Rate of Female Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Jamaica, the annual rate of unknown-cause female shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 1.2617
2013: 1.75
2012: 1.40
2011: 1.47
2010: 1.81

Legal Intervention Gun Homicides

ChartIn Jamaica, annual legal-intervention gun homicides total

2011: 20517
2009: 221

Non-fatal Gun Injuries

In Jamaica, the annual number of non-fatal firearm injuries is

2021: 1,07031

Rate of Non-fatal Gun Injury per 100,000 People

In Jamaica, the annual rate of non-fatal firearm injury per 100,000 population is

2021: 37.994

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Jamaica, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence,39 40 41 42 43 but is not conducted in practice44 45 46 47

Home-made Guns

In Jamaica, the prevalence of illicit craft, or 'home-made' firearm manufacture is reported to be high48

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Jamaica, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law49 50 51 52 53

Firearm Exports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms exported from Jamaica is reported by manufacturers to be

2019: 19254
2018: 27154
2017: 257
2015: 148

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

ChartThe annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Jamaica is reported by Customs to be US$

2021: 496,00055
2019: 13,000
2018: 29,000
2017: 12,000
2015: 2,000
2011: 1,000
2009: 2,000
2008: 3,595,000
2007: 1,000
2005: 2,000

Firearm Imports

In Jamaica, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law49 50 51 52 56 53 57

Firearm Imports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms imported to Jamaica is reported to be

2019: 6,47554
2018: 6,004
2017: 5,023
2015: 12,129

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

ChartThe annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Jamaica is reported by Customs to be US$

2021: 1,890,00058
2020: 3,334,000
2019: 4,296,000
2018: 1,017,000
2017: 2,183,000
2016: 1,738,000
2015: 3,711,000
2014: 4,428,000
2013: 3,378,000
2012: 2,469,000
2011: 1,794,000
2010: 2,229,000
2009: 2,067,000
2008: 1,175,000
2007: 1,279,000
2006: 1,389,000
2005: 2,177,000
2004: 1,748,000
2003: 1,561,000
2002: 1,756,000

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Jamaica is high59 60 61 62 63

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Jamaica, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are not specifically regulated by law64 65 46 56

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Jamaica include66 67 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Jamaica is categorised as restrictive68

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Jamaica includes the Firearms Act 1967 and its 2010 Amendments,69 the 2001 Firearms Regulation,50 the Gunpowder and Explosives Act,57 the Customs Act 1941 and the Trade Act 195570

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Jamaica are regulated by the Ministry of National Security71 and the Firearm Licensing Authority72 73 74

Right to Possess Firearms

In Jamaica, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law75 76 77

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Jamaica, civilians are not allowed to possess automatic firearms78 79 80 34

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Jamaica, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited78 79 80 34

Regulation of Handguns

In Jamaica, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence79 80 34

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Jamaica, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law79 80 34

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Jamaica, only licensed gun owners80 79 81 34 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Jamaica are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm81 82

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Jamaica is 17 years79

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Jamaica must pass a background check which considers criminal and mental health81 78 83 34 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Jamaica, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are required84

Partner to be Advised or Interviewed

In Jamaica, licensing authorities are not required77 to conduct interviews with, or to advise an applicant's spouse, partner, or next of kin before issuing a gun licence

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Jamaica does not stipulate77 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Jamaica, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required81 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Jamaica, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every four or five years85

Licensing Records

In Jamaica, authorities maintain a record71 86 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Jamaica are permitted to possess any number of firearms77 87

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Jamaica are permitted to possess only 50 rounds of ammunition per year60

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Jamaica, the law requires71 88 86 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Jamaica, licensed firearm dealers are required89 88 52 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Jamaica, State agencies are required90 91 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Jamaica, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited without a Firearm Disposal Permit79 92 93

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Jamaica, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful39 79 93 40 41 42 43

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In Jamaica, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is undetermined77

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Jamaica, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are not regulated77 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Jamaica include81 84 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Jamaica include81 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Jamaica include94 91 95 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Jamaica do not include77 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Jamaica, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law96 97 98 34

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Jamaica, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm99 is five years in prison and a fine79 80 100 39 93 40 41 43 96 97 101 49 51

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

Organization of American States

On 14 November 1997, as a member of the Organisation of American States (OAS), Jamaica adopted the Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Explosives, Ammunition and Other Related Materials (CIFTA), a legally binding multilateral treaty of which the OAS is depository. The CIFTA Convention has since been signed and ratified102 103 by Jamaica

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 2006104 by Jamaica.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified105 by Jamaica

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified106 by Jamaica

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Jamaica committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects107 57

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Jamaica against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 122108 109 110 111 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Jamaica has submitted one or more national reports112 113 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Jamaica, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated113

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Jamaica, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has not been designated114

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Jamaica submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was not apparent113

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated113 by Jamaica to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided113 to Jamaica by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Jamaica has not declared115 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Jamaica has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1962116

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list117 Jamaica as a Participating State

BackgroundSustainable Development Goal Profile

About SDG 16

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are 17 goals set by the United Nations to be implemented by all member states by 2030. Adopted in 2015, they outline a vision of development in which peace and security are an integral part. SDG 16,118 which seeks to “promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development,” includes targets and indicators focused on reducing violence (Target 16.1) and the proliferation of illicit arms (Target 16.4). The indicators – or measurement criteria – of these targets include the number of victims of intentional homicide (Indicator 16.1.1), the number of conflict-related deaths (Indicator 16.1.2), and the number of illicit firearms collected and traced (Indicator 16.4.2). In light of these targets and indicators, GunPolicy.org provides granular national data pertaining to homicides, gun homicides, conflict deaths, disarmament efforts, and marking and tracing.

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Jamaica, annual homicides by any means total

2021: 1,46320
2020: 1,331
2019: 1,340
2018: 1,289
2017: 1,647
2016: 1,354
2015: 1,209
2014: 1,005
2013: 1,202
2012: 1,102
2011: 1,133
2010: 1,447
2009: 1,683
2008: 1,61921 22 23 24 25
2007: 1,584
2006: 1,340
2005: 1,67426 21 22 23 24 25
2004: 1,471
2003: 975
2002: 1,045
2001: 1,139
2000: 887
1999: 84926 23 27
1998: 953
1997: 1,031
1996: 925
1995: 78026 23
1994: 69026
1993: 654
1992: 629
1991: 561
1990: 542

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Jamaica, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2021: 49.420
2020: 44.9528
2019: 45.45
2018: 43.92
2017: 56.39
2016: 46.59
2015: 41.82
2014: 34.95
2013: 42.05
2012: 38.77
2011: 40.09
2010: 51.49
2009: 60.20
2008: 58.20
2007: 57.22
2006: 48.65
2005: 61.09
2004: 53.98
2003: 35.99
2002: 38.81
2001: 42.58
2000: 33.41
1999: 33.423 29
1998: 33.923 29 27
1997: 41.423 27
1996: 37.223 29 27
1995: 31.723
1994: 28.324
1993: 27.17
1992: 26.45
1991: 23.79
1990: 23.09

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Jamaica, annual male homicides by any means total

2016: 1,21530
2015: 1,091
2014: 905
2013: 2,142
2012: 972
2011: 1,014
2010: 1,302
2009: 1,527
2008: 1,454
2007: 1,433
2006: 1,188
2005: 1,488
2004: 1,330
2003: 888
2002: 921
2001: 1,031

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Jamaica, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 87.2530
2015: 78.30
2014: 64.89
2013: 153.36
2012: 69.46
2011: 72.30
2010: 92.63
2009: 108.42
2008: 103.08
2007: 101.47
2006: 84.05
2005: 105.23
2004: 94.05
2003: 62.81
2002: 65.19
2001: 73.33

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Jamaica, annual female homicides by any means total

2016: 13730
2015: 116
2014: 100
2013: 259
2012: 127
2011: 119
2010: 145
2009: 156
2008: 165
2007: 151
2006: 152
2005: 186
2004: 141
2003: 88
2002: 124
2001: 108

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Jamaica, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 9.6430
2015: 8.15
2014: 7.02
2013: 18.17
2012: 8.89
2011: 8.32
2010: 10.12
2009: 10.87
2008: 11.48
2007: 10.50
2006: 10.56
2005: 12.93
2004: 9.80
2003: 6.12
2002: 8.63
2001: 7.55

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Jamaica, annual firearm homicides total

2021: 1,24431
2020: 1,11728
2019: 1,119
2018: 1,013
2017: 1,344
2016: 1,10028
2015: 974
2014: 715
2013: 883
2012: 773
2011: 792
2010: 1,097
2009: 1,195
2008: 1,246
2007: 1,251
2006: 1,005
2005: 1,27823 32 9
2004: 1,111
2003: 69032 9
2002: 710
2001: 790
2000: 57532
1995: 45019

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Jamaica, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2020: 37.7228
2019: 37.95
2018: 34.52
2017: 46.01
2016: 37.85
2015: 33.69
2014: 24.87
2013: 30.92
2012: 27.37
2011: 28.03
2010: 38.90
2009: 42.02
2008: 44.43
2007: 44.96
2006: 36.42
2005: 47.723 32 25
2004: 41.7
2003: 26.332 4
2002: 27.1
2001: 30.3
2000: 22.232
1997: 18.2327
1995: 16.9719

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Jamaica, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2015: 80%33
2013: 74%21
2012: 71%
2011: 70%21 22 34
2010: 76%21 22
2009: 77%22
2008: 77%
2007: 79%
2006: 75%
2005: 76.3%23
2004: 75.5%
2000: 61%35
1990: 50%

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Jamaica, annual male firearm homicides total

2015: 89928
2014: 670
2013: 815
2012: 707
2011: 728
2010: 1,009
2009: 1,110

Rate of Male Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Jamaica, the annual rate of male firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 62.9028
2014: 47
2013: 57.50
2012: 50.10
2011: 51.80
2010: 72.10
2009: 78.81

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Jamaica, annual female firearm homicides total

2015: 7628
2014: 44
2013: 68
2012: 66
2011: 64
2010: 88
2009: 85

Rate of Female Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Jamaica, the annual rate of female firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 5.3028
2014: 3.10
2013: 4.70
2012: 4.60
2011: 4.50
2010: 6.20
2009: 5.92

Conflict Deaths

For a profile of conflict in Jamaica, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Disarmament

Authorities in Jamaica are known to have119 120 121 122 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn Jamaica, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2022: 376123
2021: 342
2019: 666124
2018: 720
2017: 860125
2016: 649125 33
2015: 571126 127
2014: 615126
2013: 726128
2012: 596
2011: 496
2010: 687
2005: 683129
2004: 6209
2003: 517
2002: 481
2001: 546
1999: 4,000121

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn Jamaica, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2019: 1,668130
2015: 1,468126
2010: 6,000131
2004: 10,132120 132
2002: 1,430
1999: 4,000121

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Jamaica, it is state policy133 119 120 131 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

Marking and Tracing

Firearm Marking

In Jamaica, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law46 56 71 134 135 136

Firearm Tracing

In Jamaica, state authorities carry out137 71 138 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Jamaica, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are139 recorded in a register

Global Peace Index

To see where Jamaica ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index, and then click on Jamaica on the map or in the "Select Country" menu on the right of the web page


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