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Italy — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Italy is

2017: 8,007,9201 2
2007: 7,000,0003 4

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Italy is

2017: 12.895
2007: 11.903

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Italy ranked at No. 156

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Italy ranked at No. 553

Proportion of Adults Living in a Home With a Gun

ChartIn Italy, the percentage of adults living in a household with a firearm is reported to be

2017: 6%1
2015: 6%7

Proportion of Households with Firearms

ChartIn Italy, the percentage of households with one or more guns is reported to be

2005: 12.9%8
1992/94: 16.1%8 9

Proportion of Households with Rifles

In Italy, the percentage of households with one or more rifles is reported to be

1992: 10.7%9

Proportion of Households with Shotguns

In Italy, the percentage of households with one or more shotguns is reported to be

1992: 1.8%9

Proportion of Households with Handguns

ChartIn Italy, the percentage of households with one or more handguns is reported to be

2005: 5.3%8
1992/94: 5.5%8 9

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Italy is reported to be

2017: 1,398,9201
2016: 1,260,00010

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in Italy is

2017: 2.255
2016: 2.03

Estimated Number of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms

Unregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,11 but in Italy there are estimated to be

2017: 6,609,00012

Estimated Rate of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

Unregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,11 but in Italy the rate of such firearms per 100 people is estimated to be

2017: 10.645

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Italy are reported to have 502,96013 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Italy are reported to have 273,00012 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Italy, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2015: 70114
2014: 674
2013: 722
2012: 78115 16 17 18
2011: 78015 16 17 18 19
2010: 79815 16 17 18
2009: 76920
2008: 79315 16 17 18
2007: 799
2006: 814
2003: 966
2002: 93715 16 17
2001: 887
2000: 1,026
1999: 1,073
1998: 1,153
1997: 1,17115 16 17 21
1996: 1,17715 16 17

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2015: 1.1314
2014: 1.09
2013: 1.17
2012: 1.27
2011: 1.28
2010: 1.31
2009: 1.27
2008: 1.32
2007: 1.34
2006: 1.37
2003: 1.66
2002: 1.61
2001: 1.53
2000: 1.78
1999: 1.86
1998: 2.00
1997: 2.04
1996: 2.05

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Italy, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2015: 64714
2014: 625
2013: 665
2012: 72614
2011: 729
2010: 735
2009: 714
2008: 733
2007: 732

Rate of Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of male gun death per 100,000 population is

2015: 2.1714
2014: 2.10
2013: 2.24
2012: 2.46
2011: 2.48
2010: 2.51
2009: 2.44
2008: 2.52
2007: 2.54

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Italy, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2015: 5414
2014: 49
2013: 57
2012: 5514
2011: 51
2010: 63
2009: 55
2008: 60
2007: 67

Rate of Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of female gun death per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.1714
2014: 0.15
2013: 0.18
2012: 0.17
2011: 0.16
2010: 0.20
2009: 0.18
2008: 0.19
2007: 0.22

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Italy, annual homicides by any means total

2016: 40022
2015: 39214
2014: 378
2013: 422
2012: 464
2011: 451
2010: 464
2009: 510
2008: 511
2007: 559
2006: 62523 24
2005: 610
2004: 72023 25
2003: 719
2002: 64423 26
2001: 709
2000: 76623 27
1999: 80527
1998: 876
1997: 87328 29
1996: 953
1995: 1,012

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.6522
2015: 0.6314
2014: 0.61
2013: 0.69
2012: 0.76
2011: 0.74
2010: 0.76
2009: 0.84
2008: 0.85
2007: 0.94
2006: 1.123 24
2005: 1.0
2004: 1.223 25
2003: 1.2
2002: 1.123 26
2001: 1.2
2000: 1.323 27
1999: 1.4027
1998: 1.52
1997: 1.528
1996: 1.7
1995: 1.8
1992: 2.2530

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Italy, annual male homicides by any means total

2016: 25131
2015: 28014
2014: 259
2013: 277
2012: 333
2011: 328
2010: 334
2009: 359
2008: 384
2007: 418

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.8731
2015: 0.9414
2014: 0.87
2013: 0.93
2012: 1.13
2011: 1.11
2010: 1.14
2009: 1.23
2008: 1.32
2007: 1.45

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Italy, annual female homicides by any means total

2016: 14931
2015: 11214
2014: 119
2013: 145
2012: 131
2011: 123
2010: 130
2009: 151
2008: 127
2007: 141

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.4931
2015: 0.3514
2014: 0.37
2013: 0.46
2012: 0.41
2011: 0.39
2010: 0.41
2009: 0.48
2008: 0.41
2007: 0.46

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Italy, annual firearm homicides total

2015: 18014
2014: 140
2013: 184
2012: 21915
2011: 20215 19
2010: 20915
2009: 21815 23
2008: 24615
2007: 269
2006: 26915 28
2005: 40428
2004: 478
2003: 34715 28
2002: 293
2001: 297
2000: 365
1999: 432
1998: 473
1997: 46315
1996: 548

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.2914
2014: 0.23
2013: 0.30
2012: 0.36
2011: 0.33
2010: 0.34
2009: 0.36
2008: 0.41
2007: 0.45
2006: 0.4415 28
2005: 0.728
2004: 0.8
2003: 0.6015 28
2002: 0.51
2001: 0.52
2000: 0.64
1999: 0.76
1998: 0.83
1997: 0.8115
1996: 0.96
1992: 1.6632

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Italy, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2012: 45%33
2009: 41%23
2006: 66.7%28
2005: 66.2%
2004: 66.9%
2003: 65.9%
2002: 65.7%
2001: 65.7%
2000: 71.2%
1999: 71.3%
1998: 71.1%

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Italy, annual male firearm homicides total

2015: 15214
2014: 115
2013: 144
2012: 18414
2011: 172
2010: 174
2009: 190
2008: 214
2007: 235

Rate of Male Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of male firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.5114
2014: 0.39
2013: 0.49
2012: 0.62
2011: 0.58
2010: 0.59
2009: 0.65
2008: 0.74
2007: 0.82

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Italy, annual female firearm homicides total

2015: 2814
2014: 25
2013: 40
2012: 3514
2011: 30
2010: 35
2009: 28
2008: 32
2007: 34

Rate of Female Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of female firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.0914
2014: 0.08
2013: 0.13
2012: 0.11
2011: 0.10
2010: 0.11
2009: 0.09
2008: 0.10
2007: 0.11

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn Italy, annual handgun homicides total

2012: 1315
2011: 19
2010: 25
2009: 31
2008: 30
2007: 31
2006: 39
2003: 40

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.03
2012: 0.0215
2010: 0.04
2009: 0.05
2008: 0.05
2007: 0.05
2006: 0.07
2003: 0.07

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn Italy, annual long gun homicides total

2012: 1515
2011: 28
2010: 23
2009: 20
2008: 23
2007: 18
2006: 30
2003: 40

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.0315
2011: 0.05
2010: 0.04
2009: 0.03
2008: 0.04
2007: 0.03
2006: 0.05
2003: 0.07

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn Italy, annual gun homicides (other) total

2012: 19115
2011: 155
2010: 161
2009: 167
2008: 193
2007: 220
2006: 193
2003: 267

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.3215
2011: 0.26
2010: 0.27
2009: 0.28
2008: 0.32
2007: 0.37
2006: 0.33
2003: 0.46

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Italy, annual suicides by any means total

2015: 3,98814
2014: 4,145
2013: 4,285
2012: 4,25614
2011: 4,152
2010: 3,987
2009: 3,971
2008: 3,904
2007: 3,757
1997: 4,69421

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 6.4514
2014: 6.72
2013: 6.97
2012: 6.95
2011: 6.80
2010: 6.56
2009: 6.57
2008: 6.50
2007: 6.30
1997: 8.1721
1992: 8.0034

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Italy, annual male suicides by any means total

2015: 3,10414
2014: 3,214
2013: 3,318
2012: 3,32314
2011: 3,289
2010: 3,126
2009: 3,091
2008: 2,997
2007: 2,893

Rate of Male Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of male suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 10.4114
2014: 10.80
2013: 11.19
2012: 11.24
2011: 11.17
2010: 10.66
2009: 10.58
2008: 10.32
2007: 10.04

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Italy, annual female suicides by any means total

2015: 88414
2014: 931
2013: 967
2012: 93314
2011: 863
2010: 861
2009: 880
2008: 907
2007: 864

Rate of Female Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of female suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 2.7614
2014: 2.92
2013: 3.04
2012: 2.94
2011: 2.73
2010: 2.74
2009: 2.82
2008: 2.92
2007: 2.80

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Italy, annual firearm suicides total

2015: 44414
2014: 465
2013: 473
2012: 48516
2011: 53316 19
2010: 52516
2009: 485
2008: 477
2007: 460
2006: 459
2003: 539
2002: 603
2001: 542
2000: 614
1999: 614
1998: 648
1997: 626
1996: 585

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.7214
2014: 0.75
2013: 0.77
2012: 0.79
2011: 0.87
2010: 0.86
2009: 0.80
2008: 0.79
2007: 0.77
2006: 0.78
2003: 0.94
2002: 1.06
2001: 0.95
2000: 1.08
1999: 1.08
1998: 1.14
1997: 1.1
1996: 1.03
1992: 1.1135

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Italy, annual male firearm suicides total

2015: 42314
2014: 443
2013: 459
2012: 46814
2011: 515
2010: 502
2009: 462
2008: 456
2007: 434

Rate of Male Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of male firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 1.4214
2014: 1.49
2013: 1.55
2012: 1.58
2011: 1.75
2010: 1.71
2009: 1.58
2008: 1.57
2007: 1.51

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Italy, annual female firearm suicides total

2015: 2114
2014: 22
2013: 14
2012: 1714
2011: 18
2010: 23
2009: 23
2008: 21
2007: 26

Rate of Female Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of female firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.0714
2014: 0.07
2013: 0.04
2012: 0.05
2011: 0.06
2010: 0.07
2009: 0.07
2008: 0.07
2007: 0.08

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn Italy, annual handgun suicides total

2012: 5816
2011: 60
2010: 76
2009: 74
2008: 107
2007: 86
2006: 94
2003: 104

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.1016
2011: 0.10
2010: 0.13
2009: 0.12
2008: 0.18
2007: 0.14
2006: 0.16
2003: 0.18

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn Italy, the number of long gun suicides is

2012: 11716
2011: 143
2010: 127
2009: 100
2008: 109
2007: 125
2006: 123
2003: 135

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.2016
2011: 0.24
2010: 0.21
2009: 0.17
2008: 0.18
2007: 0.21
2006: 0.21
2003: 0.23

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn Italy, annual gun suicides (other) total

2012: 31016
2011: 330
2010: 322
2009: 311
2008: 261
2007: 249
2006: 242
2003: 300

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.5216
2011: 0.56
2010: 0.53
2009: 0.52
2008: 0.44
2007: 0.42
2006: 0.41
2003: 0.52

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Italy, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2015: 7414
2014: 69
2013: 65
2012: 7517
2011: 4117 19
2010: 5317
2009: 49
2008: 61
2007: 60
2006: 64
2003: 57
2002: 41
2001: 48
2000: 47
1999: 27
1998: 32
1997: 38
1996: 44

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.1214
2014: 0.11
2013: 0.11
2012: 0.12
2011: 0.07
2010: 0.09
2009: 0.08
2008: 0.10
2007: 0.10
2006: 0.11
2003: 0.10
2002: 0.07
2001: 0.08
2000: 0.08
1999: 0.05
1998: 0.06
1997: 0.07
1996: 0.08
1992: 0.1136

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Italy, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2015: 6914
2014: 67
2013: 62
2012: 7214
2011: 39
2010: 48
2009: 46
2008: 56
2007: 53

Rate of Unintentional Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of unintentional male shooting death per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.2314
2014: 0.23
2013: 0.21
2012: 0.24
2011: 0.13
2010: 0.16
2009: 0.16
2008: 0.19
2007: 0.18

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Italy, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2015: 514
2014: 2
2013: 3
2012: 314
2011: 2
2010: 5
2009: 3
2008: 5
2007: 7

Rate of Unintentional Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of unintentional female shooting death per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.0214
2014: 0.01
2013: 0.01
2012: 0.01
2011: 0.01
2010: 0.02
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.02

Unintentional Handgun Deaths

ChartIn Italy, annual unintentional shooting deaths by handgun total

2012: 617
2011: 1
2010: 3
2009: 2
2008: 5
2007: 4
2006: 1
2003: 7

Rate of Unintentional Handgun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by handgun per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.0117
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.01
2009: 0.00
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.00
2003: 0.01

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn Italy, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2012: 1917
2011: 7
2010: 10
2009: 14
2008: 13
2007: 9
2006: 14
2003: 12

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.0317
2011: 0.01
2010: 0.02
2009: 0.02
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.02
2006: 0.02
2003: 0.02

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn Italy, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2012: 5017
2011: 33
2010: 40
2009: 33
2008: 43
2007: 47
2006: 49
2003: 38

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.0817
2011: 0.06
2010: 0.07
2009: 0.05
2008: 0.07
2007: 0.08
2006: 0.08
2003: 0.07

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Italy, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2015: 214
2012: 218
2011: 418 19
2010: 1118
2009: 17
2008: 9
2007: 10
2006: 22
2003: 23
1997: 4421

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2015: 014
2012: 0
2011: 0.01
2010: 0.02
2009: 0.03
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.02
2006: 0.04
2003: 0.04
1997: 0.0821
1992: 0.0637

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Italy, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2015: 214
2012: 214
2011: 3
2010: 11
2009: 16
2008: 7
2007: 10

Rate of Male Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of unknown-cause male shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.0114
2012: 0.01
2011: 0.01
2010: 0.04
2009: 0.05
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.03

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Italy, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2012: 014
2011: 1
2010: 0
2009: 1
2008: 2

Rate of Female Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of unknown-cause female shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2011: 014
2009: 0
2008: 0.01

Handgun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Italy, annual deaths by handgun in which the cause remains undecided total

2010: 218
2008: 2
2007: 1
2006: 3
2003: 1
1997: 4421

Rate of Handgun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of unknown-cause handgun deaths per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.0018
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.01
2003: 0.00
1997: 0.0821

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Italy, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2012: 118
2009: 3
2008: 2
2007: 1
2006: 2
2003: 4
1997: 4421

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.0018
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2003: 0.01
1997: 0.0821

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Italy, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2012: 118
2011: 4
2010: 9
2009: 14
2008: 5
2007: 8
2006: 17
2003: 18
1997: 4421

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.0018
2011: 0.01
2010: 0.01
2009: 0.02
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.03
2003: 0.03
1997: 0.0821

Legal Intervention Gun Homicides

In Italy, annual legal-intervention gun homicides total

2015: 114

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Italy, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence38

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, Italy was ranked 'medium'39

Home-made Guns

In Italy, the prevalence of illicit craft, or 'home-made' firearm manufacture is reported to be moderate40

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Italy, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48

Firearm Exports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms exported from Italy is reported by manufacturers to be

2018: 80,95149
2017: 107,197
2016: 99,106
2015: 73,577
2014: 795,00550
2013: 805,731
2009: 473,518
2008: 472,991
2007: 466,328

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

ChartThe annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Italy is reported by Customs to be US$

2016: 1,166,135,42651
2015: 1,087,960,278
2014: 1,326,422,815
2013: 1,302,153,266
2012: 1,119,213,50751 52 53
2011: 506,108,19154
2010: 473,000,00055
2001: 323,000,00052 56 57

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Italy was categorized as 'major'58 59 60 61 57 62

Firearm Imports

In Italy, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law41 42 43 44 45 46 47

Firearm Imports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms imported to Italy is reported to be

2018: 53449
2017: 8,065
2016: 666
2013: 50,62450
2009: 17,326
2008: 30,549
2007: 26,311

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

ChartThe annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Italy is reported by Customs to be US$

2016: 176,494,82151
2015: 183,399,059
2014: 196,598,030
2013: 206,949,975
2012: 179,866,25151 63 64 65
2011: 91,780,04954 60 66
2010: 68,000,00067
2001: 84,000,00063

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Italy is moderate68

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Italy, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law69 43 70 71

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Italy include72 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

ChartIn its annual Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer, the Small Arms Survey compares public reporting among major arms exporting nations on a scale from strong to weak (25 to zero). In recent years, Italy scored

2018: 19.5073
2016: 15.0074
2014: 16.2575
2013: 16.0076
2012: 16.0077
2011: 15.2578
2010: 15.7579
2009: 15.5080
2008: 14.7581
2007: 15.2582
2006: 14.0083
2005: 14.5084
2004: 14.2585

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Italy is categorised as restrictive86

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Italy includes the Royal Decrees No. 773/1931, No. 2482/1935 and No. 635/1940, the Law No. 110/1975, the Law No.146/2006 (Ratification of UN Protocols against organized transnational crime),38 41 the Legislative Decree No. 204/2010,69 the Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons,87 88 the European Union Firearms Regulation of 2012, the Common Position on the Control of Arms Brokering of 200389 and the Convention of 1 July 1969 on Reciprocal Recognition of Proofmarks on Small Arms90

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Italy are regulated by the European Commission88

Right to Possess Firearms

In Italy, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law91 92

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Italy, civilians are not allowed to possess automatic firearms, firearms disguised as other objects, and armour-piercing, incendiary and expanding ammunition93 94

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Italy, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited93 94 33

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Italy, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted only with special authorisation95 96 94

Regulation of Handguns

In Italy, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted only with special authorisation93 95 96 94 33

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Italy, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law33

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Italy, only licensed gun owners97 93 95 33 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Italy are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example self-defence, hunting, sport, work or performance of duties, as well as collection98

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Italy is 18 years98

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Italy must pass a background check which considers criminal and mental health99 98 33 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Italy, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are required100

Firearm Safety Training

In Italy, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required100 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Italy, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every six years for most firearms, and every year for a concealed carry license101

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Italy are permitted to possess 3 firearms per acquisition permit100

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Italy are permitted to possess only ammunition suitable for the intended firearm102 100

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Italy, the law requires103 104 105 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Italy, licensed firearm dealers are required103 106 99 105 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Italy, licensed gun makers are required103 106 38 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Italy, State agencies are required104 107 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Italy, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful108 96

Background Checks for Dealer Gun Sales

The buyer of a firearm from a licensed gun dealer in Italy is obliged99 to pass official background checks before taking possession

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Italy include107 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Italy, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law109 104 110

Firearm Tracing

In Italy, state authorities carry out111 103 110 105 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Italy, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law33 4

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn Italy, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2017: 19,988112
2016: 1,748

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

European Union

As a member of the European Union, Italy is bound by the provisions of the ‘EU Firearms Directive’ – the 2007 Legislative Resolution on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons of the European Parliament113 114

European Union Export Reporting

Under the European Union Common Position on Arms Exports, Italy is bound to declare its transfers of military technology and equipment. Independent monitoring provides detailed comparisons of arms export reporting compliance across EU member states, and records that Italy has submitted one or more national reports115 on its arms transfers

United Nations Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice

The UNCCPCJ, a subsidiary body of the Economic and Social Council mandated to promote action to prevent national and transnational crime, lists116 Italy as an elected member

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 2007117 by Italy.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified118 by Italy

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified119 by Italy

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Italy committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects120

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Italy against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 75121 122 123 124 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Italy has submitted one or more national reports125 126 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Italy, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated127 126

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Italy, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated127 126

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Italy submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was not apparent126

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been donated126 by Italy to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Italy has declared128 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Italy has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1955129

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies lists130 Italy as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Italy, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Italy ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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