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Italy — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Italy is

2017: 8,609,0001
2007: 7,000,0002 3

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Italy is

2017: 14.401
2007: 11.92

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Italy ranked at No. 154

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Italy ranked at No. 552

Proportion of Adults Living in a Home With a Gun

In Italy, the percentage of adults living in a household with a firearm is reported to be

2015: 6%5

Proportion of Households with Firearms

ChartIn Italy, the percentage of households with one or more guns is reported to be

2005: 12.9%6
1992/94: 16.1%6 7

Proportion of Households with Rifles

In Italy, the percentage of households with one or more rifles is reported to be

1992: 10.7%7

Proportion of Households with Shotguns

In Italy, the percentage of households with one or more shotguns is reported to be

1992: 1.8%7

Proportion of Households with Handguns

ChartIn Italy, the percentage of households with one or more handguns is reported to be

2005: 5.3%6
1992/94: 5.5%6 7

Number of Registered Firearms

The number of registered guns in Italy is reported to be

2017: 2,000,0001

Estimated Number of Illicit Firearms

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Italy there are estimated to be

2017: 6,609,0001

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Italy are reported to have 502,9608 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Italy are reported to have 273,0009 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Italy, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2012: 78110 11 12 13
2011: 78010 11 12 13 14
2010: 79810 11 12 13
2009: 76915
2008: 79310 11 12 13
2007: 799
2006: 814
2003: 966
2002: 93710 11 12
2001: 887
2000: 1,026
1999: 1,073
1998: 1,153
1997: 1,17110 11 12 16
1996: 1,17710 11 12

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2012: 1.2717
2011: 1.28
2010: 1.31
2009: 1.2815
2008: 1.3218
2007: 1.34
2006: 1.37
2003: 1.66
2002: 1.61
2001: 1.53
2000: 1.78
1999: 1.86
1998: 2.00
1997: 2.04
1996: 2.05

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Italy, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2012: 72617
2011: 729
2010: 735

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Italy, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2012: 5517
2011: 51
2010: 63

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Italy, annual homicides by any means total

2015: 46919
2014: 475
2013: 502
2012: 46417
2011: 451
2010: 464
2009: 590
2008: 615
2007: 631
2006: 62520 21
2005: 610
2004: 72020 22
2003: 719
2002: 64420 23
2001: 709
2000: 76620 24
1999: 80524
1998: 876
1997: 87325 26
1996: 953
1995: 1,012

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.7819
2014: 0.79
2013: 0.84
2012: 1.2717
2011: 1.28
2010: 1.31
2009: 1.0
2008: 1.0
2007: 1.1
2006: 1.120 21
2005: 1.0
2004: 1.220 22
2003: 1.2
2002: 1.120 23
2001: 1.2
2000: 1.320 24
1999: 1.4024
1998: 1.52
1997: 1.525
1996: 1.7
1995: 1.8
1992: 2.2527

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Italy, annual male homicides by any means total

2015: 32828
2014: 328
2013: 323
2012: 33317
2011: 328
2010: 334

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Italy, annual female homicides by any means total

2015: 14128
2014: 147
2013: 179
2012: 13117
2011: 123
2010: 130

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Italy, annual firearm homicides total

2013: 41729
2012: 21910
2011: 20210 14
2010: 20910
2009: 21810 20
2008: 24610
2007: 269
2006: 26910 25
2005: 40425
2004: 478
2003: 34710 25
2002: 293
2001: 297
2000: 365
1999: 432
1998: 473
1997: 46310
1996: 548

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.7029
2012: 0.3617
2011: 0.33
2010: 0.34
2009: 0.3610 18
2008: 0.4110
2007: 0.45
2006: 0.4410 25
2005: 0.725
2004: 0.8
2003: 0.6010 25
2002: 0.51
2001: 0.52
2000: 0.64
1999: 0.76
1998: 0.83
1997: 0.8110
1996: 0.96
1992: 1.6630

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Italy, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2012: 45%31
2009: 41%20
2006: 66.7%25
2005: 66.2%
2004: 66.9%
2003: 65.9%
2002: 65.7%
2001: 65.7%
2000: 71.2%
1999: 71.3%
1998: 71.1%

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Italy, annual male firearm homicides total

2012: 18417
2011: 172
2010: 174

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Italy, annual female firearm homicides total

2012: 3517
2011: 30
2010: 35

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn Italy, annual handgun homicides total

2012: 1310
2011: 19
2010: 25
2009: 31
2008: 30
2007: 31
2006: 39
2003: 40

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.03
2012: 0.0210
2010: 0.04
2009: 0.05
2008: 0.05
2007: 0.05
2006: 0.07
2003: 0.07

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn Italy, annual long gun homicides total

2012: 1510
2011: 28
2010: 23
2009: 20
2008: 23
2007: 18
2006: 30
2003: 40

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.0310
2011: 0.05
2010: 0.04
2009: 0.03
2008: 0.04
2007: 0.03
2006: 0.05
2003: 0.07

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn Italy, annual gun homicides (other) total

2012: 19110
2011: 155
2010: 161
2009: 167
2008: 193
2007: 220
2006: 193
2003: 267

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.3210
2011: 0.26
2010: 0.27
2009: 0.28
2008: 0.32
2007: 0.37
2006: 0.33
2003: 0.46

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Italy, annual suicides by any means total

2012: 4,25617
2011: 4,152
2010: 3,987
1997: 4,69416

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2012: 6.9517
2011: 6.80
2010: 6.56
1997: 8.1716
1992: 8.0032

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Italy, annual male suicides by any means total

2012: 3,32317
2011: 3,289
2010: 3,126

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Italy, annual female suicides by any means total

2012: 93317
2011: 863
2010: 861

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Italy, annual firearm suicides total

2012: 48511
2011: 53311 14
2010: 52511
2009: 485
2008: 477
2007: 460
2006: 459
2003: 539
2002: 603
2001: 542
2000: 614
1999: 614
1998: 648
1997: 626
1996: 585

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.7917
2011: 0.87
2010: 0.86
2009: 0.81
2008: 0.80
2007: 0.77
2006: 0.78
2003: 0.94
2002: 1.06
2001: 0.95
2000: 1.08
1999: 1.08
1998: 1.14
1997: 1.1
1996: 1.03
1992: 1.1133

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Italy, annual male firearm suicides total

2012: 46817
2011: 515
2010: 502

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Italy, annual female firearm suicides total

2012: 1717
2011: 18
2010: 23

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn Italy, annual handgun suicides total

2012: 5811
2011: 60
2010: 76
2009: 74
2008: 107
2007: 86
2006: 94
2003: 104

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.1011
2011: 0.10
2010: 0.13
2009: 0.12
2008: 0.18
2007: 0.14
2006: 0.16
2003: 0.18

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn Italy, the number of long gun suicides is

2012: 11711
2011: 143
2010: 127
2009: 100
2008: 109
2007: 125
2006: 123
2003: 135

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.2011
2011: 0.24
2010: 0.21
2009: 0.17
2008: 0.18
2007: 0.21
2006: 0.21
2003: 0.23

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn Italy, annual gun suicides (other) total

2012: 31011
2011: 330
2010: 322
2009: 311
2008: 261
2007: 249
2006: 242
2003: 300

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.5211
2011: 0.56
2010: 0.53
2009: 0.52
2008: 0.44
2007: 0.42
2006: 0.41
2003: 0.52

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Italy, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2012: 7512
2011: 4112 14
2010: 5312
2009: 49
2008: 61
2007: 60
2006: 64
2003: 57
2002: 41
2001: 48
2000: 47
1999: 27
1998: 32
1997: 38
1996: 44

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2012: 017
2011: 0.01
2010: 0.02
2009: 0.08
2008: 0.10
2007: 0.10
2006: 0.11
2003: 0.10
2002: 0.07
2001: 0.08
2000: 0.08
1999: 0.05
1998: 0.06
1997: 0.07
1996: 0.08
1992: 0.1134

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Italy, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2012: 7217
2011: 39
2010: 48

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Italy, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2012: 317
2011: 2
2010: 5

Unintentional Handgun Deaths

ChartIn Italy, annual unintentional shooting deaths by handgun total

2012: 612
2011: 1
2010: 3
2009: 2
2008: 5
2007: 4
2006: 1
2003: 7

Rate of Unintentional Handgun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by handgun per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.0112
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.01
2009: 0.00
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.00
2003: 0.01

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn Italy, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2012: 1912
2011: 7
2010: 10
2009: 14
2008: 13
2007: 9
2006: 14
2003: 12

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.0312
2011: 0.01
2010: 0.02
2009: 0.02
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.02
2006: 0.02
2003: 0.02

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn Italy, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2012: 5012
2011: 33
2010: 40
2009: 33
2008: 43
2007: 47
2006: 49
2003: 38

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.0812
2011: 0.06
2010: 0.07
2009: 0.05
2008: 0.07
2007: 0.08
2006: 0.08
2003: 0.07

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Italy, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2012: 213
2011: 413 14
2010: 1113
2009: 17
2008: 9
2007: 10
2006: 22
2003: 23
1997: 4416

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.0013
2011: 0.0113 18
2010: 0.0213
2009: 0.03
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.02
2006: 0.04
2003: 0.04
1997: 0.0816
1992: 0.0635

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Italy, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2012: 217
2011: 3
2010: 11

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Italy, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2012: 017
2011: 1
2010: 0

Handgun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Italy, annual deaths by handgun in which the cause remains undecided total

2010: 213
2008: 2
2007: 1
2006: 3
2003: 1
1997: 4416

Rate of Handgun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of unknown-cause handgun deaths per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.0013
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.01
2003: 0.00
1997: 0.0816

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Italy, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2012: 113
2009: 3
2008: 2
2007: 1
2006: 2
2003: 4
1997: 4416

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.0013
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2003: 0.01
1997: 0.0816

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Italy, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2012: 113
2011: 4
2010: 9
2009: 14
2008: 5
2007: 8
2006: 17
2003: 18
1997: 4416

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.0013
2011: 0.01
2010: 0.01
2009: 0.02
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.03
2003: 0.03
1997: 0.0816

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Italy, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence36

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, Italy was ranked 'medium'37

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Italy, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45

Firearm Exports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms exported from Italy is reported by manufacturers to be

2017: 11,46846
2016: 3,974
2015: 4,798
2014: 3,606
2013: 32,944
2012: 24,076
2011: 14,429
2010: 14,697
2009: 476,985
2008: 474,119
2007: 468,353
2006: 6,691

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

ChartThe annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Italy is reported by Customs to be US$

2016: 1,166,135,42647
2015: 1,087,960,278
2014: 1,326,422,815
2013: 1,302,153,266
2012: 1,119,213,50747 48 49
2011: 506,108,19150
2010: 473,000,00051
2001: 323,000,00048 52 53

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Italy was categorized as 'major'54 55 56 57 53 58

Firearm Imports

In Italy, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law38 39 40 41 42 43 44

Firearm Imports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms imported to Italy is reported to be

2017: 44346
2016: 5,476
2015: 1,013
2014: 410
2013: 2,141
2012: 2,641
2011: 1,254
2010: 725
2009: 17,420
2008: 30,561
2007: 26,478
2006: 264

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

ChartThe annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Italy is reported by Customs to be US$

2016: 176,494,82147
2015: 183,399,059
2014: 196,598,030
2013: 206,949,975
2012: 179,866,25147 59 60 61
2011: 91,780,04950 56 62
2010: 68,000,00063
2001: 84,000,00059

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Italy is moderate64

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Italy, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law65 40 66 67

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Italy include68 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

ChartIn its annual Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer, the Small Arms Survey compares public reporting among major arms exporting nations on a scale from strong to weak (25 to zero). In recent years, Italy scored

2018: 19.5069
2016: 15.0070
2014: 16.2571
2013: 16.0072
2012: 16.0073
2011: 15.2574
2010: 15.7575
2009: 15.5076
2008: 14.7577
2007: 15.2578
2006: 14.0079
2005: 14.5080
2004: 14.2581

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Italy includes the Royal Decrees No. 773/1931, No. 2482/1935 and No. 635/1940, the Law No. 110/1975, the Law No.146/2006 (Ratification of UN Protocols against organized transnational crime),36 38 the Legislative Decree No. 204/2010,65 the Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons,82 83 the European Union Firearms Regulation of 2012, the Common Position on the Control of Arms Brokering of 200384 and the Convention of 1 July 1969 on Reciprocal Recognition of Proofmarks on Small Arms85

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Italy are regulated by the European Commission83

Right to Possess Firearms

In Italy, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law86 87

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Italy, civilians are not allowed to possess automatic firearms, firearms disguised as other objects, and armour-piercing, incendiary and expanding ammunition88 89

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Italy, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited88 89 31

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Italy, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted only with special authorisation90 91 89

Regulation of Handguns

In Italy, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted only with special authorisation88 90 91 89 31

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Italy, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law31

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Italy, only licensed gun owners92 88 90 31 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Italy are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example self-defence, hunting, sport, work or performance of duties, as well as collection93

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Italy is 18 years93

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Italy must pass a background check which considers criminal and mental health94 93 31 records

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Italy are permitted to possess only ammunition suitable for the intended firearm95

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Italy, the law requires96 97 98 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Italy, licensed firearm dealers are required96 99 94 98 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Italy, licensed gun makers are required96 99 36 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Italy, State agencies are required97 100 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Italy, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful101 91

Background Checks for Dealer Gun Sales

The buyer of a firearm from a licensed gun dealer in Italy is obliged94 to pass official background checks before taking possession

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Italy include100 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Italy, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law102 97 103

Firearm Tracing

In Italy, state authorities carry out104 96 103 98 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Italy, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law31 3

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

European Union

As a member of the European Union, Italy is bound by the provisions of the ‘EU Firearms Directive’ – the 2007 Legislative Resolution on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons of the European Parliament105 106

European Union Export Reporting

Under the European Union Common Position on Arms Exports, Italy is bound to declare its transfers of military technology and equipment. Independent monitoring provides detailed comparisons of arms export reporting compliance across EU member states, and records that Italy has submitted one or more national reports107 on its arms transfers

United Nations Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice

The UNCCPCJ, a subsidiary body of the Economic and Social Council mandated to promote action to prevent national and transnational crime, lists108 Italy as an elected member

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 2007109 by Italy.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified110 by Italy

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified111 by Italy

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Italy committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects112

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Italy against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 75113 114 115 116 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Italy has submitted one or more national reports117 118 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Italy, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated119 118

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Italy, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated119 118

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Italy submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was not apparent118

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been donated118 by Italy to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Italy has declared120 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Italy has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1955121

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies lists122 Italy as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Italy, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Italy ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


Short References

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2.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms - Annexe online.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q5)Full Citation

3.

Local (Italy). 2015. ‘Italian Mayor Offers 'Gun Bonus' to Citizens.’ 21 October. (N474) Full Citation

4.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q4)Full Citation

5.

Directorate-General for Home Affairs.2015.‘Firearms Ownership - Firearms in the EU.’ Flash Eurobarometer 383: Firearms in the European Union.Brussels:European Commission,19 January. (Q13506)Full Citation

6.

van Dijk, Jan, John van Kesteren and Paul Smit.2007.‘Ownership of Firearms and Handguns in Countries and Main Cities (percentages): 1989-2005 ICVS and 2005 EU ICS.’ Criminal Victimisation in International Perspective: Key findings from the 2004-2005 ICVS and EU ICS.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime / UNODC,1 January. (Q11806)Full Citation

7.

Killias, Martin.1993.‘Gun Ownership, Suicide and Homicide: An International Perspective.’ Understanding Crime, Experiences of Crime and Crime Control - Acts of the International Conference, Rome, 18-20 Nov 1992.Rome:United Nations International Crime & Justice Research Institute (UNICRI),1 August. (Q1187)Full Citation

8.

Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Military Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Military-Owned Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13436)Full Citation

9.

Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Law Enforcement Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Law Enforcement Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13435)Full Citation

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WHO.2016.‘Inter-country Comparison of Mortality for Selected Cause of Death - Gun Homicide in Italy.’ European Detailed Mortality Database (DMDB).Copenhagen:World Health Organisation Regional Office for Europe,12 July. (Q6096)Full Citation

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