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Israel — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Israel is

2017: 557,0001
2014: 330,0002 3 4
2005: 500,0005

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Israel is

2017: 6.701
2014: 4.176 7 4
2005: 7.35

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Israel ranked at No. 818

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Israel ranked at No. 795

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

The number of licensed gun owners in Israel is reported to be

2012: 163,2749 10 11 12

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

The rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in Israel is

2012: 2.136

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Israel is reported to be

2017: 290,0001
2014: 300,00013
2005: 403,0005

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in Israel is

2014: 3.796
2005: 5.99

Estimated Number of Illicit Firearms

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Israel there are estimated to be

2017: 267,0001

Estimated Rate of Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Israel the rate of illicit firearms per 100 people is estimated to be 0.386

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Israel are reported to have 1,016,90014 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Israel are reported to have 41,00015 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Israel, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 9816
2013: 9917 18 19
2012: 129
2011: 15717 18 20 19 21
2010: 135
2009: 13922
2008: 14317 18 20 19
2007: 78
2006: 15317 18 20
2005: 17517 18 20 19
2004: 140
2003: 196
2002: 191
2001: 195
2000: 172
1999: 169
1998: 16718 20 19
1997: 16117 18 23
1996: 9217 18

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Israel, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 1.2416
2013: 1.27
2012: 1.69
2011: 2.09
2010: 1.83
2009: 1.8622
2008: 2.016
2007: 1.12
2006: 2.23
2005: 2.60
2004: 2.12
2003: 3.02
2002: 3.01
2001: 3.13
2000: 2.82
1999: 2.84
1998: 2.88
1997: 2.85
1996: 1.67

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Israel, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 8716
2013: 86
2012: 120
2011: 142
2010: 119

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Israel, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 1116
2013: 13
2012: 9
2011: 15
2010: 16

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Israel, annual homicides by any means total

2015: 11024
2014: 13016
2013: 131
2012: 136
2011: 164
2010: 158
2009: 128
2008: 136
2007: 125
2006: 182
2005: 166
2004: 17325 26
2003: 195
2002: 22725 27
2001: 223
2000: 147
1999: 13727
1998: 147
1997: 156
1996: 117
1995: 112

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Israel, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 1.3624
2014: 1.2416
2013: 1.27
2012: 1.69
2011: 2.09
2010: 1.83
2009: 1.8
2008: 1.925 27 28
2007: 1.8
2006: 2.7
2005: 2.525 27
2004: 2.725 26
2003: 3.1
2002: 3.625 27
2001: 3.6
2000: 2.4
1999: 2.327
1998: 2.5
1997: 2.8
1996: 2.1
1995: 2.1
1993: 2.3229

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Israel, annual male homicides by any means total

2014: 10416
2013: 95
2012: 111
2011: 126
2010: 123

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Israel, annual female homicides by any means total

2014: 2616
2013: 36
2012: 25
2011: 38
2010: 35

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Israel, annual firearm homicides total

2014: 5016
2013: 6517
2012: 71
2011: 8117 21
2010: 7517
2009: 70
2008: 61
2007: 717 27
2006: 5017
2005: 58
2004: 67
2003: 57
2002: 91
2001: 103
2000: 74
1999: 40
1997: 15
1996: 23

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Israel, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.6316
2013: 0.83
2012: 0.93
2011: 1.08
2010: 1.02
2009: 0.94
2008: 0.83
2007: 0.117 27
2006: 0.7117
2005: 0.84
2004: 0.98
2003: 0.85
2002: 1.39
2001: 1.6
2000: 1.18
1999: 0.65
1997: 0.26
1996: 0.4
1993: 0.7230

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Israel, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2011: 55%31
2007: 11.7%27

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Israel, annual male firearm homicides total

2015: 4516
2014: 45
2013: 53
2012: 66
2011: 72
2010: 67

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Israel, annual female firearm homicides total

2015: 516
2014: 5
2013: 12
2012: 5
2011: 9
2010: 8

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn Israel, annual long gun homicides total

2010: 117
2006: 1
2002: 4

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Israel, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.0117
2006: 0.01
2002: 0.06

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn Israel, annual gun homicides (other) total

2013: 6517
2012: 71
2011: 81
2010: 74
2009: 70
2008: 61
2007: 7
2006: 48
2005: 58
2004: 67
2003: 57
2002: 87
2001: 103
2000: 74
1999: 40

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Israel, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.8117
2012: 0.90
2011: 1.04
2010: 0.97
2009: 0.94
2008: 0.83
2007: 0.10
2006: 0.68
2005: 0.84
2004: 0.98
2003: 0.85
2002: 1.32
2001: 1.60
2000: 1.18
1999: 0.65

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Israel, annual suicides by any means total

2014: 38016
2013: 371
2012: 427
2011: 405
2010: 477
1997: 37923

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Israel, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2014: 4.8016
2013: 4.76
2012: 5.58
2011: 5.39
2010: 6.47
1997: 5.8923
1993: 7.0532

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Israel, annual male suicides by any means total

2014: 29416
2013: 291
2012: 346
2011: 320
2010: 393

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Israel, annual female suicides by any means total

2014: 8616
2013: 80
2012: 81
2011: 85
2010: 84

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Israel, annual firearm suicides total

2014: 3116
2013: 2918
2012: 46
2011: 5218 21
2010: 4518
2009: 53
2008: 60
2007: 45
2006: 81
2005: 90
2004: 61
2003: 117
2002: 81
2001: 79
2000: 74
1999: 82
1998: 67
1997: 73
1996: 69

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Israel, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.3916
2013: 0.37
2012: 0.60
2011: 0.69
2010: 0.61
2009: 0.71
2008: 0.82
2007: 0.63
2006: 1.15
2005: 1.30
2004: 0.90
2003: 1.75
2002: 1.23
2001: 1.23
2000: 1.18
1999: 1.34
1998: 1.12
1997: 1.25
1996: 1.21
1993: 1.8433

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Israel, annual male firearm suicides total

2014: 2616
2013: 28
2012: 42
2011: 48
2010: 39

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Israel, annual female firearm suicides total

2014: 516
2013: 1
2012: 4
2011: 4
2010: 6

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn Israel, annual handgun suicides total

2011: 118
2009: 2
2008: 1
2004: 1
1998: 1

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Israel, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.0118
2009: 0.03
2008: 0.01
2004: 0.01
1998: 0.02

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn Israel, the number of long gun suicides is

2009: 318
2005: 2

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Israel, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2009: 0.0418
2005: 0.03

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn Israel, annual gun suicides (other) total

2013: 2918
2012: 46
2011: 51
2010: 45
2009: 48
2008: 59
2007: 45
2006: 81
2005: 88
2004: 60
2003: 117
2002: 81
2001: 79
2000: 74
1999: 82
1998: 66

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Israel, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.3618
2012: 0.58
2011: 0.66
2010: 0.59
2009: 0.64
2008: 0.81
2007: 0.63
2006: 1.15
2005: 1.27
2004: 0.88
2003: 1.75
2002: 1.23
2001: 1.23
2000: 1.18
1999: 1.34
1998: 1.11

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Israel, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2014: 016
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 420 21
2010: 0
2009: 220
2008: 3
2007: 25
2006: 20
2005: 25
2004: 9
2003: 18
2002: 18
2001: 11
2000: 13
1999: 10
1998: 7
1997: 023

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Israel, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.2116
2013: 0.06
2012: 0.16
2011: 0.27
2010: 0.20
2009: 0.03
2008: 0.04
2007: 0.35
2006: 0.28
2005: 0.36
2004: 0.13
2003: 0.27
2002: 0.27
2001: 0.17
2000: 0.21
1999: 0.16
1998: 0.12
1997: 0.0023
1993: 0.1334

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Israel, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2014: 016
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 4
2010: 0

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Israel, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2014: 016
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Unintentional Handgun Deaths

In Israel, annual unintentional shooting deaths by handgun total

2002: 120

Rate of Unintentional Handgun Death per 100,000 People

In Israel, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by handgun per 100,000 population is

2002: 0.0220

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

In Israel, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

1998: 120

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

In Israel, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

1998: 0.0220

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn Israel, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2011: 420
2009: 2
2008: 3
2007: 25
2006: 20
2005: 25
2004: 9
2003: 18
2002: 17
2001: 11
2000: 13
1999: 10
1998: 6

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Israel, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.0520
2009: 0.03
2008: 0.04
2007: 0.35
2006: 0.28
2005: 0.36
2004: 0.13
2003: 0.27
2002: 0.26
2001: 0.17
2000: 0.21
1999: 0.16
1998: 0.10

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Israel, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 1716
2013: 519
2012: 12
2011: 2019 21
2010: 1519
2009: 14
2008: 19
2007: 1
2005: 1
2004: 3
2003: 4
2002: 1
2001: 2
2000: 11
1999: 37
1998: 93
1997: 7323

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Israel, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0619
2012: 0.15
2011: 0.26
2010: 0.20
2009: 0.19
2008: 0.26
2007: 0.01
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.04
2003: 0.06
2002: 0.02
2001: 0.03
2000: 0.17
1999: 0.60
1998: 1.56
1997: 1.1323
1993: 0.3035

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Israel, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 1616
2013: 5
2012: 12
2011: 18
2010: 13

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Israel, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 116
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 2
2010: 2

Handgun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Israel, annual deaths by handgun in which the cause remains undecided total

2009: 119
2000: 1

Rate of Handgun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Israel, the annual rate of unknown-cause handgun deaths per 100,000 population is

2009: 0.0119
2000: 0.02

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Israel, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2011: 219
2010: 1
2000: 2

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Israel, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.0319
2010: 0.01
2000: 0.03

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Israel, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2013: 519
2012: 12
2011: 18
2010: 14
2009: 13
2008: 19
2007: 1
2005: 1
2004: 3
2003: 4
2002: 1
2001: 2
2000: 8
1999: 37
1998: 93

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Israel, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0619
2012: 0.15
2011: 0.23
2010: 0.18
2009: 0.17
2008: 0.26
2007: 0.01
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.04
2003: 0.06
2002: 0.02
2001: 0.03
2000: 0.13
1999: 0.60
1998: 1.56

ProductionGun Industry

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, Israel was ranked 'medium'36

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Israel, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law37

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Israel is reported by Customs to be US$59,861,01238 (2011)39 40 41 42 43

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Israel was categorized as 'major'44 45 46 43 47

Firearm Imports

In Israel, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law37

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Israel is reported by Customs to be US$59,872,29738 (2011)48 49 50 51

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Israel, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law37 52

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

ChartIn its annual Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer, the Small Arms Survey compares public reporting among major arms exporting nations on a scale from strong to weak (25 to zero). In recent years, Israel scored

2018: 0.7553
2016: 7.7554
2014: 8.7555
2013: 9.2556
2012: 9.7557
2011: 10.7558
2010: 10.0059
2009: 6.0060
2008: 5.7561
2007: 6.0062
2006: 5.0063
2005: 4.2564
2004: 3.5065

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Israel are regulated by the Public Security Ministry66

Right to Possess Firearms

In Israel, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law67 68

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

Law Regulates Automatic Weapons

In Israel, civilian possession of automatic weapons is regulated by law31

Law Regulates Handguns

In Israel, civilian possession of handguns is regulated by law31

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Israel, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law31

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Israel, only licensed gun owners69 11 31 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Israel are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example self-defence, hunting and sport70 71 72 11 66

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Israel is 27 years, or 21 years if served in the military70 66

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Israel must pass a background check which considers health, mental health and criminal70 11 31 66 records

Firearm Safety Training

In Israel, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required73 66 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Israel, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every three years69 72

Licensing Records

In Israel, authorities maintain a record74 75 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Israel are permitted to possess one firearm per licence66

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Israel are permitted to possess a limited quantity of ammunition76 66

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Israel, the law requires74 75 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Israel, licensed gun makers are required77 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Israel, State agencies are required78 75 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Israel, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited66

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Israel, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful66

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Israel include69 11 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Israel, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law79 80

Firearm Tracing

In Israel, state authorities carry out75 81 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Israel, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit69 11 31

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Israel, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit69 11 31

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Israel, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm82 is 10 years in prison69

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in Israel are known to have11 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Surrendered in Gun Amnesty

In Israel, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered in recent arms amnesty and collection programmes is reported to be

2016: 22083

MeasuresInternational Controls

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was not signed84 by Israel.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed, but not yet ratified85 by Israel

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has not been signed86 by Israel

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Israel committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects87

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Israel against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 6788 89 90 91 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Israel has submitted one or more national reports92 52 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Israel, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated93 52

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Israel, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated93

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Israel submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent52

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated52 by Israel to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Israel has not declared94 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Israel has been a Member State of the United Nations since 194995

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list96 Israel as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Israel, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Israel ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


Short References

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GunPolicy.org.2016.‘Estimated Number of Illicit Firearms and of Privately Owned Firearms - Israel.’ Number of Registered Firearms, Israel.Sydney:GunPolicy.org,15 December. (Q13233)Full Citation

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GunPolicy.org. 2016. ‘Number of Privately Owned Firearms.’ Definition and Selection Criteria.
Sydney School of Public Health, 12 December.
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Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms - Annexe online.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q5)Full Citation

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GunPolicy.org.2016.‘Calculated Rates - Israel.’ Historical Population Data - USCB International Data Base.Suitland, MD:US Census Bureau Population Division,19 December. (Q4246)Full Citation

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GunPolicy.org. 2016. ‘Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population.’ Definition and Selection Criteria.
Sydney School of Public Health, 12 December.
(G6) Full Citation

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Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q4)Full Citation

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Amit, Yakov.2012.‘Table: Type of License.’ Gun Control in Israel - A Short History.Jerusalem:Ministry of Public Security of Israel,1 November. (Q6747)Full Citation

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Gili Cohen and Yaniv Kubovich. 2013. ‘Israel Announces New Gun-Control Rules After Be'er Sheva Bank Shooting.’ Ha'aretz (Tel Aviv). 22 May. (N292) Full Citation

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Cohen, Gili, Yaniv Kubovich and Jonathan Lis.2013.‘Israeli Civilians Own 292,265 Firearms - But Does That Make the Country Safer?.’ Ha'aretz (Tel Aviv).Jerusalem:Ha'aretz,26 April. (Q6735)Full Citation

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Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Military Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Military-Owned Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13436)Full Citation

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Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Law Enforcement Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Law Enforcement Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13435)Full Citation

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WHO.2016.‘Inter-country Comparison of Mortality for Selected Cause of Death - Gun Homicide in Israel.’ European Detailed Mortality Database (DMDB).Copenhagen:World Health Organisation Regional Office for Europe,13 July. (Q6095)Full Citation

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WHO.2016.‘Inter-country Comparison of Mortality for Selected Cause of Death - Gun Suicide in Israel.’ European Detailed Mortality Database (DMDB).Copenhagen:World Health Organisation Regional Office for Europe,13 July. (Q6150)Full Citation

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WHO.2016.‘Inter-country Comparison of Mortality for Selected Cause of Death - Gun Death from Undetermined Cause in Israel.’ European Detailed Mortality Database (DMDB).Copenhagen:World Health Organisation Regional Office for Europe,13 July. (Q6451)Full Citation

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WHO.2016.‘Inter-country Comparison of Mortality for Selected Cause of Death - Unintentional Gun Deaths in Israel.’ European Detailed Mortality Database (DMDB).Copenhagen:World Health Organisation Regional Office for Europe,13 July. (Q6189)Full Citation

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Waiselfiz, Julio Jacobo.2015.‘Number and Rate of Gun Deaths in 90 Countries (Número e taxas de mortalidade por AF segundo causa básica em 90 países do mundo).’ Violence Map: Deaths by Firearms (Mapa da Violência: Mortes Matadas por Armas de Fogo).Brasilia:Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales / Latin American Social Sciences Institute,1 January. (Q11896)Full Citation

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