Find Gun Policy Facts

Armed violence prevention, gun control laws and the small arms trade:

Israel — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Israel is

2017: 557,0001
2014: 330,0002 3 4
2005: 500,0005

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Israel is

2017: 6.701
2014: 4.176 7 4
2005: 7.35

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Israel ranked at No. 818

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Israel ranked at No. 795

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

The number of licensed gun owners in Israel is reported to be

2012: 163,2749 10 11 12

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

The rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in Israel is

2012: 2.136

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Israel is reported to be

2017: 290,0001
2014: 300,00013
2005: 403,0005

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in Israel is

2014: 3.796
2005: 5.99

Estimated Number of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms

Unregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,14 but in Israel there are estimated to be

2017: 267,0001

Estimated Rate of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

Unregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,14 but in Israel the rate of such firearms per 100 people is estimated to be 0.386

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Israel are reported to have 1,016,90015 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Israel are reported to have 41,00016 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Israel, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 9817
2013: 9918 19 20
2012: 129
2011: 15718 19 21 20 22
2010: 135
2009: 13923
2008: 14318 19 21 20
2007: 78
2006: 15318 19 21
2005: 17518 19 21 20
2004: 140
2003: 196
2002: 191
2001: 195
2000: 172
1999: 169
1998: 16719 21 20
1997: 16118 19 24
1996: 9218 19

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Israel, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 1.2417
2013: 1.27
2012: 1.69
2011: 2.09
2010: 1.83
2009: 1.8623
2008: 2.016
2007: 1.12
2006: 2.23
2005: 2.60
2004: 2.12
2003: 3.02
2002: 3.01
2001: 3.13
2000: 2.82
1999: 2.84
1998: 2.88
1997: 2.85
1996: 1.67

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Israel, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 8717
2013: 86
2012: 120
2011: 142
2010: 119

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Israel, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 1117
2013: 13
2012: 9
2011: 15
2010: 16

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Israel, annual homicides by any means total

2015: 11025
2014: 13017
2013: 131
2012: 136
2011: 164
2010: 158
2009: 128
2008: 136
2007: 125
2006: 182
2005: 166
2004: 17326 27
2003: 195
2002: 22726 28
2001: 223
2000: 147
1999: 13728
1998: 147
1997: 156
1996: 117
1995: 112

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Israel, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 1.3625
2014: 1.2417
2013: 1.27
2012: 1.69
2011: 2.09
2010: 1.83
2009: 1.8
2008: 1.926 28 29
2007: 1.8
2006: 2.7
2005: 2.526 28
2004: 2.726 27
2003: 3.1
2002: 3.626 28
2001: 3.6
2000: 2.4
1999: 2.328
1998: 2.5
1997: 2.8
1996: 2.1
1995: 2.1
1993: 2.3230

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Israel, annual male homicides by any means total

2014: 10417
2013: 95
2012: 111
2011: 126
2010: 123

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Israel, annual female homicides by any means total

2014: 2617
2013: 36
2012: 25
2011: 38
2010: 35

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Israel, annual firearm homicides total

2014: 5017
2013: 6518
2012: 71
2011: 8118 22
2010: 7518
2009: 70
2008: 61
2007: 718 28
2006: 5018
2005: 58
2004: 67
2003: 57
2002: 91
2001: 103
2000: 74
1999: 40
1997: 15
1996: 23

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Israel, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.6317
2013: 0.83
2012: 0.93
2011: 1.08
2010: 1.02
2009: 0.94
2008: 0.83
2007: 0.118 28
2006: 0.7118
2005: 0.84
2004: 0.98
2003: 0.85
2002: 1.39
2001: 1.6
2000: 1.18
1999: 0.65
1997: 0.26
1996: 0.4
1993: 0.7231

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Israel, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2011: 55%32
2007: 11.7%28

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Israel, annual male firearm homicides total

2015: 4517
2014: 45
2013: 53
2012: 66
2011: 72
2010: 67

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Israel, annual female firearm homicides total

2015: 517
2014: 5
2013: 12
2012: 5
2011: 9
2010: 8

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn Israel, annual long gun homicides total

2010: 118
2006: 1
2002: 4

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Israel, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.0118
2006: 0.01
2002: 0.06

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn Israel, annual gun homicides (other) total

2013: 6518
2012: 71
2011: 81
2010: 74
2009: 70
2008: 61
2007: 7
2006: 48
2005: 58
2004: 67
2003: 57
2002: 87
2001: 103
2000: 74
1999: 40

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Israel, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.8118
2012: 0.90
2011: 1.04
2010: 0.97
2009: 0.94
2008: 0.83
2007: 0.10
2006: 0.68
2005: 0.84
2004: 0.98
2003: 0.85
2002: 1.32
2001: 1.60
2000: 1.18
1999: 0.65

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Israel, annual suicides by any means total

2014: 38017
2013: 371
2012: 427
2011: 405
2010: 477
1997: 37924

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Israel, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2014: 4.8017
2013: 4.76
2012: 5.58
2011: 5.39
2010: 6.47
1997: 5.8924
1993: 7.0533

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Israel, annual male suicides by any means total

2014: 29417
2013: 291
2012: 346
2011: 320
2010: 393

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Israel, annual female suicides by any means total

2014: 8617
2013: 80
2012: 81
2011: 85
2010: 84

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Israel, annual firearm suicides total

2014: 3117
2013: 2919
2012: 46
2011: 5219 22
2010: 4519
2009: 53
2008: 60
2007: 45
2006: 81
2005: 90
2004: 61
2003: 117
2002: 81
2001: 79
2000: 74
1999: 82
1998: 67
1997: 73
1996: 69

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Israel, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.3917
2013: 0.37
2012: 0.60
2011: 0.69
2010: 0.61
2009: 0.71
2008: 0.82
2007: 0.63
2006: 1.15
2005: 1.30
2004: 0.90
2003: 1.75
2002: 1.23
2001: 1.23
2000: 1.18
1999: 1.34
1998: 1.12
1997: 1.25
1996: 1.21
1993: 1.8434

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Israel, annual male firearm suicides total

2014: 2617
2013: 28
2012: 42
2011: 48
2010: 39

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Israel, annual female firearm suicides total

2014: 517
2013: 1
2012: 4
2011: 4
2010: 6

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn Israel, annual handgun suicides total

2011: 119
2009: 2
2008: 1
2004: 1
1998: 1

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Israel, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.0119
2009: 0.03
2008: 0.01
2004: 0.01
1998: 0.02

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn Israel, the number of long gun suicides is

2009: 319
2005: 2

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Israel, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2009: 0.0419
2005: 0.03

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn Israel, annual gun suicides (other) total

2013: 2919
2012: 46
2011: 51
2010: 45
2009: 48
2008: 59
2007: 45
2006: 81
2005: 88
2004: 60
2003: 117
2002: 81
2001: 79
2000: 74
1999: 82
1998: 66

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Israel, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.3619
2012: 0.58
2011: 0.66
2010: 0.59
2009: 0.64
2008: 0.81
2007: 0.63
2006: 1.15
2005: 1.27
2004: 0.88
2003: 1.75
2002: 1.23
2001: 1.23
2000: 1.18
1999: 1.34
1998: 1.11

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Israel, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2014: 017
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 421 22
2010: 0
2009: 221
2008: 3
2007: 25
2006: 20
2005: 25
2004: 9
2003: 18
2002: 18
2001: 11
2000: 13
1999: 10
1998: 7
1997: 024

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Israel, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.2117
2013: 0.06
2012: 0.16
2011: 0.27
2010: 0.20
2009: 0.03
2008: 0.04
2007: 0.35
2006: 0.28
2005: 0.36
2004: 0.13
2003: 0.27
2002: 0.27
2001: 0.17
2000: 0.21
1999: 0.16
1998: 0.12
1997: 0.0024
1993: 0.1335

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Israel, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2014: 017
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 4
2010: 0

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Israel, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2014: 017
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Unintentional Handgun Deaths

In Israel, annual unintentional shooting deaths by handgun total

2002: 121

Rate of Unintentional Handgun Death per 100,000 People

In Israel, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by handgun per 100,000 population is

2002: 0.0221

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

In Israel, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

1998: 121

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

In Israel, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

1998: 0.0221

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn Israel, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2011: 421
2009: 2
2008: 3
2007: 25
2006: 20
2005: 25
2004: 9
2003: 18
2002: 17
2001: 11
2000: 13
1999: 10
1998: 6

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Israel, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.0521
2009: 0.03
2008: 0.04
2007: 0.35
2006: 0.28
2005: 0.36
2004: 0.13
2003: 0.27
2002: 0.26
2001: 0.17
2000: 0.21
1999: 0.16
1998: 0.10

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Israel, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 1717
2013: 520
2012: 12
2011: 2020 22
2010: 1520
2009: 14
2008: 19
2007: 1
2005: 1
2004: 3
2003: 4
2002: 1
2001: 2
2000: 11
1999: 37
1998: 93
1997: 7324

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Israel, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0620
2012: 0.15
2011: 0.26
2010: 0.20
2009: 0.19
2008: 0.26
2007: 0.01
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.04
2003: 0.06
2002: 0.02
2001: 0.03
2000: 0.17
1999: 0.60
1998: 1.56
1997: 1.1324
1993: 0.3036

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Israel, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 1617
2013: 5
2012: 12
2011: 18
2010: 13

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Israel, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 117
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 2
2010: 2

Handgun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Israel, annual deaths by handgun in which the cause remains undecided total

2009: 120
2000: 1

Rate of Handgun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Israel, the annual rate of unknown-cause handgun deaths per 100,000 population is

2009: 0.0120
2000: 0.02

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Israel, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2011: 220
2010: 1
2000: 2

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Israel, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.0320
2010: 0.01
2000: 0.03

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Israel, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2013: 520
2012: 12
2011: 18
2010: 14
2009: 13
2008: 19
2007: 1
2005: 1
2004: 3
2003: 4
2002: 1
2001: 2
2000: 8
1999: 37
1998: 93

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Israel, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0620
2012: 0.15
2011: 0.23
2010: 0.18
2009: 0.17
2008: 0.26
2007: 0.01
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.04
2003: 0.06
2002: 0.02
2001: 0.03
2000: 0.13
1999: 0.60
1998: 1.56

ProductionGun Industry

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, Israel was ranked 'medium'37

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Israel, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law38

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Israel is reported by Customs to be US$59,861,01239 (2011)40 41 42 43 44

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Israel was categorized as 'major'45 46 47 44 48

Firearm Imports

In Israel, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law38

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Israel is reported by Customs to be US$59,872,29739 (2011)49 50 51 52

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Israel, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law38 53

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

ChartIn its annual Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer, the Small Arms Survey compares public reporting among major arms exporting nations on a scale from strong to weak (25 to zero). In recent years, Israel scored

2018: 0.7554
2016: 7.7555
2014: 8.7556
2013: 9.2557
2012: 9.7558
2011: 10.7559
2010: 10.0060
2009: 6.0061
2008: 5.7562
2007: 6.0063
2006: 5.0064
2005: 4.2565
2004: 3.5066

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Israel are regulated by the Public Security Ministry67

Right to Possess Firearms

In Israel, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law68 69

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

Law Regulates Automatic Weapons

In Israel, civilian possession of automatic weapons is regulated by law32

Law Regulates Handguns

In Israel, civilian possession of handguns is regulated by law32

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Israel, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law32

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Israel, only licensed gun owners70 11 32 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Israel are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example self-defence, hunting and sport71 72 73 11 67

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Israel is 27 years, or 21 years if served in the military71 67

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Israel must pass a background check which considers health, mental health and criminal71 11 32 67 records

Firearm Safety Training

In Israel, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required74 67 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Israel, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every three years70 73

Licensing Records

In Israel, authorities maintain a record75 76 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Israel are permitted to possess one firearm per licence67

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Israel are permitted to possess a limited quantity of ammunition77 67

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Israel, the law requires75 76 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Israel, licensed gun makers are required78 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Israel, State agencies are required79 76 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Israel, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited67

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Israel, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful67

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Israel include70 11 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Israel, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law80 81

Firearm Tracing

In Israel, state authorities carry out76 82 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Israel, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit70 11 32

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Israel, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit70 11 32

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Israel, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm83 is 10 years in prison70

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in Israel are known to have11 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Surrendered in Gun Amnesty

In Israel, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered in recent arms amnesty and collection programmes is reported to be

2016: 22084

MeasuresInternational Controls

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was not signed85 by Israel.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed, but not yet ratified86 by Israel

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has not been signed87 by Israel

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Israel committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects88

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Israel against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 6789 90 91 92 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Israel has submitted one or more national reports93 53 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Israel, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated94 53

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Israel, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated94

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Israel submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent53

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated53 by Israel to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Israel has not declared95 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Israel has been a Member State of the United Nations since 194996

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list97 Israel as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Israel, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Israel ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


Short References

1.

Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Civilian Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Civilian-Held Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13434)Full Citation

2.

GunPolicy.org.2016.‘Estimated Number of Illicit Firearms and of Privately Owned Firearms - Israel.’ Number of Registered Firearms, Israel.Sydney:GunPolicy.org,15 December. (Q13233)Full Citation

3.

GunPolicy.org. 2016. ‘Number of Privately Owned Firearms.’ Definition and Selection Criteria.
Sydney School of Public Health, 12 December.
(G1) Full Citation

4.

UNODC.2010.‘Value of the Global Firearms Market (Licit and Illicit).’ The Globalization of Crime: A Transnational Organized Crime Threat Assessment (TOCTA).Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,1 June. (Q13189)Full Citation

5.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms - Annexe online.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q5)Full Citation

6.

GunPolicy.org.2016.‘Calculated Rates - Israel.’ Historical Population Data - USCB International Data Base.Suitland, MD:US Census Bureau Population Division,19 December. (Q4246)Full Citation

7.

GunPolicy.org. 2016. ‘Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population.’ Definition and Selection Criteria.
Sydney School of Public Health, 12 December.
(G6) Full Citation

8.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q4)Full Citation

9.

Amit, Yakov.2012.‘Table: Type of License.’ Gun Control in Israel - A Short History.Jerusalem:Ministry of Public Security of Israel,1 November. (Q6747)Full Citation

10.

Amit, Yakov.2012.‘Number of Licenses.’ Gun Control in Israel - A Short History.Jerusalem:Ministry of Public Security of Israel,1 November. (Q8772)Full Citation

11.

Gili Cohen and Yaniv Kubovich. 2013. ‘Israel Announces New Gun-Control Rules After Be'er Sheva Bank Shooting.’ Ha'aretz (Tel Aviv). 22 May. (N292) Full Citation

12.

Cohen, Gili, Yaniv Kubovich and Jonathan Lis.2013.‘Israeli Civilians Own 292,265 Firearms - But Does That Make the Country Safer?.’ Ha'aretz (Tel Aviv).Jerusalem:Ha'aretz,26 April. (Q6735)Full Citation

13.

Linda Gradstein. 2014. ‘More Israelis Applying for Gun Permits.’ Virtual Jerusalem. 19 November. (N579) Full Citation

14.

GunPolicy.org. 2019. ‘Estimated Number of Illicit Firearms.’ Definition and Selection Criteria.
Sydney School of Public Health, 24 January.
(G14) Full Citation

15.

Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Military Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Military-Owned Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13436)Full Citation

16.

Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Law Enforcement Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Law Enforcement Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13435)Full Citation

17.

WHO.2016.‘Inter-country Comparison of Mortality for Selected Causes of Death.’ WHO Mortality Data Base.Geneva:World Health Organisation,1 December. (Q13354)Full Citation

18.

WHO.2016.‘Inter-country Comparison of Mortality for Selected Cause of Death - Gun Homicide in Israel.’ European Detailed Mortality Database (DMDB).Copenhagen:World Health Organisation Regional Office for Europe,13 July. (Q6095)Full Citation

19.

WHO.2016.‘Inter-country Comparison of Mortality for Selected Cause of Death - Gun Suicide in Israel.’ European Detailed Mortality Database (DMDB).Copenhagen:World Health Organisation Regional Office for Europe,13 July. (Q6150)Full Citation

20.

WHO.2016.‘Inter-country Comparison of Mortality for Selected Cause of Death - Gun Death from Undetermined Cause in Israel.’ European Detailed Mortality Database (DMDB).Copenhagen:World Health Organisation Regional Office for Europe,13 July. (Q6451)Full Citation

21.

WHO.2016.‘Inter-country Comparison of Mortality for Selected Cause of Death - Unintentional Gun Deaths in Israel.’ European Detailed Mortality Database (DMDB).Copenhagen:World Health Organisation Regional Office for Europe,13 July. (Q6189)Full Citation

22.

Waiselfiz, Julio Jacobo.2015.‘Number and Rate of Gun Deaths in 90 Countries (Número e taxas de mortalidade por AF segundo causa básica em 90 países do mundo).’ Violence Map: Deaths by Firearms (Mapa da Violência: Mortes Matadas por Armas de Fogo).Brasilia:Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales / Latin American Social Sciences Institute,1 January. (Q11896)Full Citation

23.

WHO.2011.‘Inter-country Comparison of Mortality for Selected Cause of Death - Total Firearm Death.’ European Detailed Mortality Database (DMDB).Copenhagen:World Health Organisation Regional Office for Europe,15 September. (Q5684)Full Citation

24.

Jackson, Thomas.2005.‘Global Gun Deaths.’ NISAT Firearm Mortality Database 2005.Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers,1 January. (Q12)Full Citation

25.

UNODC.2017.‘Intentional Homicide Victims.’ Crime and Drugs Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,19 May. (Q13355)Full Citation

26.

UNODC.2014.‘Homicides in Israel.’ Global Study on Homicide 2013: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC),10 April. (Q10289)Full Citation

27.

UNODC.2006.‘Reported Overall Homicide Numbers and Rates per 100,000 Population for 64 Countries, 2003-04.’ Ninth United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (2003 - 2004).Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,10 December. (Q9)Full Citation

28.

UNODC.2013.‘Homicide in 207 Countries - Israel.’ Global Study on Homicide 2011: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,26 June. (Q6295)Full Citation

29.

Petrini, Benjamin.2011.‘Middle East and North Africa, 1995-2008, Total Recorded Intentional Homicide, Completed, Rate per 100,000 Population.’ World Bank Homicide Rate Dataset 1995-2008.Washington, DC:Social Development Department, World Bank,10 February. (Q3813)Full Citation

30.

Krug, E G, K E Powell and L L Dahlberg.1998.‘Firearm-Related Deaths in the United States and 35 Other High- and Upper-Middle-Income Countries.’ International Journal of Epidemiology.Atlanta:National Centre for Injury Prevention & Control, Centers for Disease Control & Prevention / CDC,16 April. (Q1301)Full Citation

31.

Krug, E G, K E Powell and L L Dahlberg.1998.‘Firearm-Related Deaths in the United States and 35 Other High- and Upper-Middle-Income Countries.’ International Journal of Epidemiology.Atlanta:National Centre for Injury Prevention & Control, Centers for Disease Control & Prevention / CDC,16 April. (Q1297)Full Citation

32.

Butchart, Alexander, Christopher Mikton and Etienne Krug.2014.‘Country Profile: Israel.’ Global Status Report on Violence Prevention 2014.Geneva:World Health Organisation (WHO), United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and United Nations Development Programme (UNDP),10 December. (Q9504)Full Citation

33.

Krug, E G, K E Powell and L L Dahlberg.1998.‘Firearm-Related Deaths in the United States and 35 Other High- and Upper-Middle-Income Countries.’ International Journal of Epidemiology.Atlanta:National Centre for Injury Prevention & Control, Centers for Disease Control & Prevention / CDC,16 April. (Q1302)Full Citation

34.

Krug, E G, K E Powell and L L Dahlberg.1998.‘Firearm-Related Deaths in the United States and 35 Other High- and Upper-Middle-Income Countries.’ International Journal of Epidemiology.Atlanta:National Centre for Injury Prevention & Control, Centers for Disease Control & Prevention / CDC,16 April. (Q1298)Full Citation

35.

Krug, E G, K E Powell and L L Dahlberg.1998.‘Firearm-Related Deaths in the United States and 35 Other High- and Upper-Middle-Income Countries.’ International Journal of Epidemiology.Atlanta:National Centre for Injury Prevention & Control, Centers for Disease Control & Prevention / CDC,16 April. (Q1299)Full Citation

36.

Krug, E G, K E Powell and L L Dahlberg.1998.‘Firearm-Related Deaths in the United States and 35 Other High- and Upper-Middle-Income Countries.’ International Journal of Epidemiology.Atlanta:National Centre for Injury Prevention & Control, Centers for Disease Control & Prevention / CDC,16 April. (Q1300)Full Citation

37.

Small Arms Survey.2001.‘Ranking of World's Small Arms Producers (By Sales).’ Small Arms Survey 2001: Profiling the Problem.Oxford:Oxford University Press,1 July. (Q103)Full Citation

38.

IANSA.2006.‘Reviewing Action on Small Arms 2006: Assessing the first five years of the UN Programme of Action.’ Biting the Bullet 'Red Book' 2006.New York, NY:International Action Network on Small Arms and the Biting the Bullet project,26 June. (Q82)Full Citation

39.

Marsh, Nicholas.2014.‘Database of Authorised Transfers of Small Arms and Light Weapons.’ NISAT Small Arms Trade Database.Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers,22 December. (Q16)Full Citation

40.

Holtom, Paul and Christelle Rigual.2015.‘Trends in Small Arms Exports per Top Exporter and for All Exporters, as Reported to UN Comtrade, 2001-2012.’ Small Arms Survey 2015: Weapons and the World.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 June. (Q11071)Full Citation

41.

Rigual, Christelle.2015.‘Annexe 4.1: Major Exporters.’ Small Arms Survey 2015: Weapons and the World.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 June. (Q11077)Full Citation

42.

Pavesi, Irene and Christelle Rigual.2013.‘Annexes 8.1: Major Exporters.’ Small Arms Survey 2013: Everyday Dangers.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,2 July. (Q8485)Full Citation

43.

Berman, Eric.2011.‘Small Arms Transfers: Exporting States.’ Weapons and Markets.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,25 October. (Q5982)Full Citation

44.

Herron, Patrick, Jasna Lazarevic, Nic Marsh and Matt Schroeder.2011.‘Top Exporters and Importers of Small Arms in 2008.’ Small Arms Survey 2011: States of Security.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,6 July. (Q5983)Full Citation

45.

Holtom, Paul and Christelle Rigual.2015.‘Exporters of Small Arms Based on UN Comtrade, 2012.’ Small Arms Survey 2015: Weapons and the World.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 June. (Q11069)Full Citation

46.

Holtom, Paul, Irene Pavesi and Christelle Rigual.2014.‘Major Exporters and Importers.’ Small Arms Survey 2014: Women and Guns.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,16 June. (Q11036)Full Citation

47.

Holtom, Paul, Irene Pavesi and Christelle Rigual.2014.‘Exporters of Small Arms Based on UN Comtrade, 2011.’ Small Arms Survey 2014: Women and Guns.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,16 June. (Q11037)Full Citation

48.

Small Arms Survey.2001.‘60 Known Legal Small Arms Exporting Countries, 2001.’ Small Arms Survey 2001: Profiling the Problem.Oxford:Oxford University Press,1 July. (Q867)Full Citation

49.

Holtom, Paul and Christelle Rigual.2015.‘Importers of Small Arms Based on UN Comtrade, 2012.’ Small Arms Survey 2015: Weapons and the World.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 June. (Q11070)Full Citation

50.

Rigual, Christelle.2015.‘Annexe 4.2: Major Importers.’ Small Arms Survey 2015: Weapons and the World.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 June. (Q11078)Full Citation

51.

Holtom, Paul, Irene Pavesi and Christelle Rigual.2014.‘Importers of Small Arms Based on UN Comtrade, 2011.’ Small Arms Survey 2014: Women and Guns.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,16 June. (Q11041)Full Citation

52.

Pavesi, Irene and Christelle Rigual.2013.‘Annexes 8.2: Major Importers.’ Small Arms Survey 2013: Everyday Dangers.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,2 July. (Q8486)Full Citation

53.

UNODA.2018.‘PoA-ISS Country Profiles.’ UN small arms Programme of Action (UNPoA) - Implementation Support System.New York, NY:United Nations Office of Disarmament Affairs,23 July. (Q1309)Full Citation

54.

Holtom, Paul and Irene Pavesi.2018.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer.’ The 2018 Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,1 August. (Q13505)Full Citation

55.

Pavesi, Irene.2016.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2016.’ Trade Update 2016: Transfers and Transparency.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,6 June. (Q12070)Full Citation

56.

Holtom, Paul, Irene Pavesi, and Christelle Rigual.2014.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2014.’ Small Arms Survey 2014: Women and Guns.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,16 June. (Q10547)Full Citation

57.

Pavesi, Irene and Christelle Rigual.2013.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2013.’ Small Arms Survey 2013: Everyday Dangers.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,2 July. (Q6871)Full Citation

58.

Lazarevic, Jasna.2012.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2012.’ Small Arms Survey 2012: Moving Targets.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,27 August. (Q6869)Full Citation

59.

Lazarevic, Jasna.2011.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2011.’ Small Arms Survey 2011: States of Security.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,6 July. (Q10549)Full Citation

60.

Lazarevic, Jasna.2010.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2010.’ Small Arms Survey 2010: Gangs, Groups and Guns.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,14 June. (Q10550)Full Citation

61.

Lazarevic, Jasna.2009.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2009.’ Small Arms Survey 2009: Shadows of War.Cambridge:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,9 July. (Q10551)Full Citation

62.

Close, Helen and Chris Stevenson.2008.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2008.’ Small Arms Survey 2008: Risk and Resilience.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,14 July. (Q10552)Full Citation

63.

Glatz, Anne-Kathrin and Lora Lumpe.2007.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2007.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,27 August. (Q10553)Full Citation

64.

Khakee, Anna, Pablo Dreyfus and Anne-Kathrin Glatz.2006.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2006.’ Small Arms Survey 2006: Unfinished Business.Oxford:Oxford University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 July. (Q10554)Full Citation

65.

Khakee, Anna.2005.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2005.’ Small Arms Survey 2005: Weapons at War.Oxford:Oxford University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,11 July. (Q10555)Full Citation

66.

Khakee, Anna.2004.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2004.’ Small Arms Survey 2004: Rights at Risk.Oxford:Oxford University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 July. (Q10556)Full Citation

67.

Lahav Harkov. 2016. ‘For or Against Easing Gun Controls, Neither Side Wants an Israeli Second Amendment.’ Jerusalem Post. 18 February. (N466) Full Citation

68.

Sherman, Amy and Tom Ginsburg.2014.‘Gun Rights in National Constitutions.’ Marco Rubio Says Second Amendment Is Unique in Speech to NRA.Miami, FL:Miami Herald (PolitiFact Florida),29 April. (Q8507)Full Citation

69.

Zachary Elkins, Tom Ginsburg and James Melton. 2013. ‘U.S. Gun Rights Truly Are American Exceptionalism.’ Bloomberg (USA). 7 March. (N422) Full Citation

70.

Parker, Sarah.2011.‘Balancing Act: Regulation of Civilian Firearm Possession.’ Small Arms Survey 2011: States of Security.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,6 July. (Q5438)Full Citation

71.

Parker, Sarah.2011.‘Balancing Act: Regulation of Civilian Firearm Possession.’ Small Arms Survey 2011: States of Security.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,6 July. (Q5419)Full Citation

72.

Parker, Sarah.2011.‘Balancing Act: Regulation of Civilian Firearm Possession.’ Small Arms Survey 2011: States of Security.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,6 July. (Q5396)Full Citation

73.

Amit, Yakov.2012.‘Firearm Licensing.’ Gun Control in Israel - A Short History.Jerusalem:Ministry of Public Security of Israel,1 November. (Q8774)Full Citation

74.

Amit, Yakov.2012.‘The 1999 Reform and Training.’ Gun Control in Israel - A Short History.Jerusalem:Ministry of Public Security of Israel,1 November. (Q8773)Full Citation

75.

Israel.2008.‘National Level - Civilian Register.’ National Report of Israel on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Israel to the United Nations,1 January. (Q4656)Full Citation

76.

Israel.2008.‘Record Keeping.’ National Report of Israel on its Implementation of the International Instrument to Enable States to Identify and Trace, In a Timely and Reliable Manner, Illicit Small Arms and Light Weapons (ITI).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Israel to the United Nations,1 January. (Q4658)Full Citation

77.

Parker, Sarah.2011.‘Balancing Act: Regulation of Civilian Firearm Possession.’ Small Arms Survey 2011: States of Security.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,6 July. (Q5391)Full Citation

78.

Israel.2008.‘Measures by Israeli Manufacturers Relating to the Marking and Recording of SALW - Recording.’ National Report of Israel on its Implementation of the International Instrument to Enable States to Identify and Trace, In a Timely and Reliable Manner, Illicit Small Arms and Light Weapons (ITI).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Israel to the United Nations,1 January. (Q4661)Full Citation

79.

Israel.2008.‘National Level - State Stockpiles.’ National Report of Israel on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Israel to the United Nations,1 January. (Q4655)Full Citation

80.

Israel.2008.‘Marking.’ National Report of Israel on its Implementation of the International Instrument to Enable States to Identify and Trace, In a Timely and Reliable Manner, Illicit Small Arms and Light Weapons (ITI).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Israel to the United Nations,1 January. (Q4657)Full Citation

81.

Israel.2008.‘Measures by Israeli Manufacturers Relating to the Marking and Recording of SALW - Marking.’ National Report of Israel on its Implementation of the International Instrument to Enable States to Identify and Trace, In a Timely and Reliable Manner, Illicit Small Arms and Light Weapons (ITI).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Israel to the United Nations,1 January. (Q4660)Full Citation

82.

Israel.2008.‘Tracing.’ National Report of Israel on its Implementation of the International Instrument to Enable States to Identify and Trace, In a Timely and Reliable Manner, Illicit Small Arms and Light Weapons (ITI).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Israel to the United Nations,1 January. (Q4659)Full Citation

83.

GunPolicy.org. 2015. ‘Penalty for Unlawful Firearm Possession.’ Definition and Selection Criteria.
Sydney School of Public Health, 22 January.
(G93) Full Citation

84.

Daphne Rousseau. 2016. ‘Israeli Army Campaigns Against Its Kleptomaniacs.’ L'Orient-Le Jour (Beirut), Agence France Presse. 11 April. (N511) Full Citation

85.

GDAV.2006.‘Geneva Declaration.’ Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development.Geneva:Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development Secretariat,7 June. (Q7162)Full Citation

86.

UNODA.2013.‘Towards Entry Into Force.’ Arms Trade Treaty.New York, NY:United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,2 April. (Q7226)Full Citation

87.

UNGA.2001.‘United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition.’ UN General Assembly Resolution 55/255.New York, NY:UN General Assembly,31 May. (Q17)Full Citation

88.

UNGA.2001.‘Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects.’ United Nations General Assembly.New York, NY:UN General Assembly,20 July. (Q18)Full Citation

89.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘Findings - Table 3: Reporting States by Rank and Score.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 August. (Q8752)Full Citation

90.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘What do the PoAIM Scores Represent? How Should the PoAIM Scores Be Interpreted?.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 August. (Q8753)Full Citation

91.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘Point Allocation System.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 August. (Q8754)Full Citation

92.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘Introduction.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 August. (Q8755)Full Citation

93.

Cattaneo, Silvia and Sarah Parker.2008.‘Reporting, NPCs and NCAs, 2002 to 2008.’ Implementing the United Nations Programme of Action on Small Arms and Light Weapons: Analysis of the National Reports submitted by States from 2002 to 2008.Geneva:United Nations Development Programme,1 November. (Q20)Full Citation

94.

IANSA.2006.‘Reviewing Action on Small Arms 2006: Assessing the first five years of the UN Programme of Action.’ Biting the Bullet 'Red Book' 2006.New York, NY:International Action Network on Small Arms and the Biting the Bullet project,26 June. (Q166)Full Citation

95.

UNODA.2011.‘National Reports on Small Arms Exports.’ United Nations Register of Conventional Arms - The Global Reported Arms Trade.New York, NY:United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,21 October. (Q14)Full Citation

96.

UN.2013.‘Member States of the United Nations.’ UN.org Web Site.New York, NY:United Nations General Assembly,7 April. (Q290)Full Citation

97.

Wassenaar Arrangement.1996.‘Introduction: Participating States.’ Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies.Vienna:Wassenaar Secretariat,12 July. (Q19)Full Citation