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Iraq — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Iraq is

2017: 7,588,0001
2007: 9,750,0002

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Iraq is

2017: 19.601
2007: 34.22

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Iraq ranked at No. 133

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Iraq ranked at No. 82

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Iraq are reported to have 611,0004 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Iraq are reported to have 56,0005 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

In Iraq, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2008: 8,2516

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

In Iraq, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2008: 29.126

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

In Iraq, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2008: 7,1286

Rate of Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

In Iraq, the annual rate of male gun death per 100,000 population is

2008: 49.996

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

In Iraq, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2008: 1,1236

Rate of Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

In Iraq, the annual rate of female gun death per 100,000 population is

2008: 7.986

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Iraq, annual homicides by any means total

2016: 5,7717
2015: 5,660
2010: 4,888
2000: 5,568

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Iraq, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 15.137
2015: 15.27
2010: 16.01
2000: 24.07

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Iraq, annual male homicides by any means total

2016: 4,2677
2015: 4,210
2010: 3,663
2000: 4,138

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Iraq, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 22.157
2015: 22.50
2010: 23.82
2000: 35.39

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Iraq, annual female homicides by any means total

2016: 1,5047
2015: 1,450
2010: 1,225
2000: 1,430

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Iraq, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 7.977
2015: 7.90
2010: 8.09
2000: 12.51

Gun Homicides

In Iraq, annual firearm homicides total

2008: 1,7728

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

In Iraq, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2008: 6.256

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

In Iraq, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2011: 45%9

Male Gun Homicide Victims

In Iraq, annual male firearm homicides total

2008: 1,4786

Rate of Male Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

In Iraq, the annual rate of male firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2008: 10.376

Female Gun Homicide Victims

In Iraq, annual female firearm homicides total

2008: 2946

Rate of Female Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

In Iraq, the annual rate of female firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2008: 2.096

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Iraq, annual suicides by any means total

2016: 1,1287
2015: 1,109
2010: 853
2000: 635

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Iraq, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 2.967
2015: 2.99
2010: 2.79
2000: 2.75

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Iraq, annual male suicides by any means total

2016: 6487
2015: 646
2010: 521
2000: 409

Rate of Male Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Iraq, the annual rate of male suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 3.367
2015: 3.45
2010: 3.39
2008: 0.016
2000: 3.50

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Iraq, annual female suicides by any means total

2016: 4797
2015: 463
2010: 332
2000: 226

Rate of Female Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Iraq, the annual rate of female suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 2.547
2015: 2.52
2010: 2.19
2008: 0.016
2000: 1.98

Unintentional Gun Deaths

In Iraq, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2008: 5,1238

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

In Iraq, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2008: 18.086

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

In Iraq, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2008: 4,5866

Rate of Unintentional Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

In Iraq, the annual rate of unintentional male shooting death per 100,000 population is

2008: 32.166

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

In Iraq, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2008: 5376

Rate of Unintentional Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

In Iraq, the annual rate of unintentional female shooting death per 100,000 population is

2008: 3.816

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

In Iraq, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2008: 9278

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

In Iraq, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2008: 3.276

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

In Iraq, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2008: 7656

Rate of Male Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

In Iraq, the annual rate of unknown-cause male shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2008: 5.376

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

In Iraq, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2008: 1626

Rate of Female Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

In Iraq, the annual rate of unknown-cause female shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2008: 1.156

Legal Intervention Gun Homicides

In Iraq, annual legal-intervention gun homicides total

2008: 4296

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Iraq, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is prohibited10

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Iraq is reported by Customs to be US$8311 (2011)

Firearm Imports

In Iraq, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law10 12

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Iraq is reported by Customs to be US$

2016: 121,000,00013

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

Law Regulates Civilian Access to Firearms

In Iraq, civilian possession of guns is regulated by law9

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Iraq includes the Weapons Act, Law No. 13 of 199214

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Iraq are regulated by the Ministry of the Interior15

Right to Possess Firearms

In Iraq, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law16 17

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

Law Regulates Automatic Weapons

In Iraq, civilian possession of automatic weapons is regulated by law9

Law Regulates Handguns

In Iraq, civilian possession of handguns is regulated by law9

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Iraq, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law9

Gun Ownership and Possession

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Iraq must pass a background check which considers undefined9 records

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Iraq, the law requires18 19 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Iraq, State agencies are required20 21 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Iraq, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful15

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Iraq include20 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Iraq, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law9

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

League of Arab States

As a member of the League of Arab States, Iraq adopted the Arab Model Law on Weapons, Ammunitions, Explosives and Hazardous Material in January 200222

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was not signed23 by Iraq.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has not been signed24 by Iraq

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified25 by Iraq

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Iraq committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects26

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Iraq against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 12327 28 29 30 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Iraq has submitted one or more national reports31 32 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Iraq, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated32

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Iraq, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has not been designated32

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Iraq submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was not apparent32

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated32 by Iraq to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided32 to Iraq by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Iraq has not declared33 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Iraq has been a Member State of the United Nations since 194534

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list35 Iraq as a Participating State

BackgroundSustainable Development Goal Profile

About SDG 16

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are 17 goals set by the United Nations to be implemented by all member states by 2030. Adopted in 2015, they outline a vision of development in which peace and security are an integral part. SDG 16,36 which seeks to “promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development,” includes targets and indicators focused on reducing violence (Target 16.1) and the proliferation of illicit arms (Target 16.4). The indicators – or measurement criteria – of these targets include the number of victims of intentional homicide (Indicator 16.1.1), the number of conflict-related deaths (Indicator 16.1.2), and the number of illicit firearms collected and traced (Indicator 16.4.2). In light of these targets and indicators, GunPolicy.org provides granular national data pertaining to homicides, gun homicides, conflict deaths, disarmament efforts, and marking and tracing.

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Iraq, annual homicides by any means total

2016: 5,7717
2015: 5,660
2010: 4,888
2000: 5,568

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Iraq, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 15.137
2015: 15.27
2010: 16.01
2000: 24.07

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Iraq, annual male homicides by any means total

2016: 4,2677
2015: 4,210
2010: 3,663
2000: 4,138

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Iraq, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 22.157
2015: 22.50
2010: 23.82
2000: 35.39

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Iraq, annual female homicides by any means total

2016: 1,5047
2015: 1,450
2010: 1,225
2000: 1,430

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Iraq, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 7.977
2015: 7.90
2010: 8.09
2000: 12.51

Gun Homicides

In Iraq, annual firearm homicides total

2008: 1,7728

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

In Iraq, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2008: 6.256

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

In Iraq, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2011: 45%9

Male Gun Homicide Victims

In Iraq, annual male firearm homicides total

2008: 1,4786

Rate of Male Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

In Iraq, the annual rate of male firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2008: 10.376

Female Gun Homicide Victims

In Iraq, annual female firearm homicides total

2008: 2946

Rate of Female Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

In Iraq, the annual rate of female firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2008: 2.096

Conflict Deaths

For a profile of conflict in Iraq, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Disarmament

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn Iraq, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2012: 11,82037
2011: 17,281
2010: 10,949

Marking and Tracing

Firearm Marking

In Iraq, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law18 14 38 19

Global Peace Index

To see where Iraq ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index, and then click on Iraq on the map or in the "Select Country" menu on the right of the web page


Short References

1.

Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Civilian Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Civilian-Held Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13434)Full Citation

2.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms - Annexe online.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q5)Full Citation

3.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q4)Full Citation

4.

Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Military Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Military-Owned Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13436)Full Citation

5.

Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Law Enforcement Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Law Enforcement Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13435)Full Citation

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WHO.2016.‘Inter-country Comparison of Mortality for Selected Causes of Death.’ WHO Mortality Data Base.Geneva:World Health Organisation,1 December. (Q13354)Full Citation

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WHO.2018.‘Violent Death Estimates by Country.’ Disease Burden and Mortality Estimates: Cause-Specific Mortality, 2000–2016.Geneva:World Health Organization,1 January. (Q14136)Full Citation

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Waiselfiz, Julio Jacobo.2015.‘Number and Rate of Gun Deaths in 90 Countries (Número e taxas de mortalidade por AF segundo causa básica em 90 países do mundo).’ Violence Map: Deaths by Firearms (Mapa da Violência: Mortes Matadas por Armas de Fogo).Brasilia:Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales / Latin American Social Sciences Institute,1 January. (Q11896)Full Citation

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Butchart, Alexander, Christopher Mikton and Etienne Krug.2014.‘Country Profile: Iraq.’ Global Status Report on Violence Prevention 2014.Geneva:World Health Organisation (WHO), United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and United Nations Development Programme (UNDP),10 December. (Q9503)Full Citation

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Iraq.2012.‘Enforcement and Prosecution.’ National Report of Iraq on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Iraq to the United Nations,1 January. (Q13139)Full Citation

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Marsh, Nicholas.2014.‘Database of Authorised Transfers of Small Arms and Light Weapons.’ NISAT Small Arms Trade Database.Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers,22 December. (Q16)Full Citation

12.

Iraq.2012.‘Export Controls.’ National Report of Iraq on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Iraq to the United Nations,1 January. (Q13141)Full Citation

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Picard, Michael, Paul Holtom and Fiona Mangan.2019.‘Annexe A2: Annual Authorized Small Arms and Light Weapons Imports by Major Importers.’ Trade Update 2019: Transfers, Transparency, and South-east Asia Spotlight.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,12 December. (Q14070)Full Citation

14.

Iraq.2012.‘Legislation, Regulations and Administrative Measures.’ National Report of Iraq on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Iraq to the United Nations,1 January. (Q13138)Full Citation

15.

Iraq.2012.‘Dealers.’ National Report of Iraq on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Iraq to the United Nations,1 January. (Q13142)Full Citation

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Sherman, Amy and Tom Ginsburg.2014.‘Gun Rights in National Constitutions.’ Marco Rubio Says Second Amendment Is Unique in Speech to NRA.Miami, FL:Miami Herald (PolitiFact Florida),29 April. (Q8507)Full Citation

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Zachary Elkins, Tom Ginsburg and James Melton. 2013. ‘U.S. Gun Rights Truly Are American Exceptionalism.’ Bloomberg (USA). 7 March. (N422) Full Citation

18.

Iraq.2012.‘Marking, Record-keeping and Follow-up.’ National Report of Iraq on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Iraq to the United Nations,1 January. (Q13143)Full Citation

19.

Iraq.2010.‘Labelling and Record-Keeping and Tracing.’ National Report of Iraq on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Iraq to the United Nations,1 January. (Q4798)Full Citation

20.

Iraq.2012.‘Management and Safeguarding of Accumulated Stocks of Weapons.’ National Report of Iraq on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Iraq to the United Nations,1 January. (Q13140)Full Citation

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Iraq.2010.‘Stockpile Management and Security.’ National Report of Iraq on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Iraq to the United Nations,1 January. (Q4797)Full Citation

22.

League of Arab States / UNODA.2002.‘Arab Model Law on Weapons, Ammunitions, Explosives and Hazardous Material.’ United Nations Programme of Action Implementation Support System: Regional Organisations.New York, NY:Council of the League of Arab States / United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,1 January. (Q3215)Full Citation

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Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘Findings - Table 3: Reporting States by Rank and Score.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 August. (Q8752)Full Citation

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Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘What do the PoAIM Scores Represent? How Should the PoAIM Scores Be Interpreted?.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 August. (Q8753)Full Citation

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Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘Point Allocation System.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 August. (Q8754)Full Citation

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Cattaneo, Silvia and Sarah Parker.2008.‘Reporting, NPCs and NCAs, 2002 to 2008.’ Implementing the United Nations Programme of Action on Small Arms and Light Weapons: Analysis of the National Reports submitted by States from 2002 to 2008.Geneva:United Nations Development Programme,1 November. (Q20)Full Citation

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Iraq.2010.‘Legislation, Regulations and Administrative Procedures.’ National Report of Iraq on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Iraq to the United Nations,1 January. (Q4796)Full Citation