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Armed violence prevention, gun control laws and the small arms trade:

Iran — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Iran is

2017: 5,890,0001
2007: 3,500,0002

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Iran is

2017: 7.301
2007: 7.32

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Iran ranked at No. 213

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Iran ranked at No. 792

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Iran are reported to have 3,333,5504 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Iran are reported to have 98,0005 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Iran, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2015: 1,2436
2014: 819
2013: 816

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Iran, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2015: 1.566
2014: 1.04
2013: 1.05

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Iran, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2015: 1,1366
2014: 721
2013: 726

Rate of Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Iran, the annual rate of male gun death per 100,000 population is

2015: 2.806
2014: 1.80
2013: 1.84

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Iran, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2015: 1066
2014: 98
2013: 90

Rate of Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Iran, the annual rate of female gun death per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.276
2014: 0.25
2013: 0.24

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Iran, annual homicides by any means total

2015: 8546
2014: 1,936
2013: 2,037
2012: 3,1267
2010: 3,873
2009: 2,2158
2004: 2,0159
2003: 1,803

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Iran, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 1.076
2014: 2.46
2013: 2.62
2012: 4.17
2010: 5.22
2009: 2.99
2008: 1.4
2004: 2.989
2003: 2.64

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Iran, annual male homicides by any means total

2015: 6976
2014: 1,710
2013: 1,744
2010: 3,17210

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Iran, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 1.726
2014: 4.28
2013: 4.43

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Iran, annual female homicides by any means total

2015: 1576
2014: 22410
2013: 292
2010: 701

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Iran, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.406
2014: 0.58
2013: 0.76

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Iran, annual firearm homicides total

2015: 3026
2014: 434
2013: 399

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Iran, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.386
2014: 0.55
2013: 0.51

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Iran, annual male firearm homicides total

2015: 2656
2014: 384
2013: 358

Rate of Male Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Iran, the annual rate of male firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.656
2014: 0.96
2013: 0.91

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Iran, annual female firearm homicides total

2015: 376
2014: 50
2013: 41

Rate of Female Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Iran, the annual rate of female firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.096
2014: 0.13
2013: 0.11

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Iran, annual suicides by any means total

2015: 2,3766
2014: 2,490
2013: 2,443

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Iran, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 2.976
2014: 3.16
2013: 3.15

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Iran, annual male suicides by any means total

2015: 1,6696
2014: 1,695
2013: 1,619

Rate of Male Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Iran, the annual rate of male suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 4.126
2014: 4.24
2013: 4.11

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Iran, annual female suicides by any means total

2015: 7066
2014: 793
2013: 823

Rate of Female Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Iran, the annual rate of female suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 1.796
2014: 2.04
2013: 2.15

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Iran, annual firearm suicides total

2015: 816
2014: 101
2013: 136

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Iran, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.106
2014: 0.13
2013: 0.18

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Iran, annual male firearm suicides total

2015: 716
2014: 84
2013: 111

Rate of Male Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Iran, the annual rate of male firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.186
2014: 0.21
2013: 0.28

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Iran, annual female firearm suicides total

2015: 106
2014: 17
2013: 25

Rate of Female Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Iran, the annual rate of female firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.036
2014: 0.04
2013: 0.07

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Iran, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2015: 1166
2014: 248
2013: 260

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Iran, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.156
2014: 0.31
2013: 0.33

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Iran, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2015: 976
2014: 223
2013: 238

Rate of Unintentional Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Iran, the annual rate of unintentional male shooting death per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.246
2014: 0.56
2013: 0.60

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Iran, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2015: 196
2014: 25
2013: 22

Rate of Unintentional Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Iran, the annual rate of unintentional female shooting death per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.056
2014: 0.06
2013: 0.06

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Iran, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2015: 1376
2014: 36
2013: 21

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Iran, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.176
2014: 0.05
2013: 0.03

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Iran, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2015: 1186
2014: 30
2013: 19

Rate of Male Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Iran, the annual rate of unknown-cause male shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.296
2014: 0.08
2013: 0.05

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Iran, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2015: 186
2014: 6
2013: 2

Rate of Female Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Iran, the annual rate of unknown-cause female shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.056
2014: 0.02
2013: 0.01

Legal Intervention Gun Homicides

In Iran, annual legal-intervention gun homicides total

2015: 6076

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Iran, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law11

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Iran is reported by Customs to be US$012 (2011)13 14

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Iran was categorized as 'unknown'15

Firearm Imports

In Iran, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law11

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Iran is reported by Customs to be US$5,404,86912 (2011)

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

ChartIn its annual Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer, the Small Arms Survey compares public reporting among major arms exporting nations on a scale from strong to weak (25 to zero). In recent years, Iran scored

2018: 0.0016
2016: 0.0017
2014: 0.0018
2013: 0.0019
2012: 0.0020
2011: 0.0021
2010: 0.0022
2009: 0.0023
2008: 0.0024
2007: 7.5025
2006: 9.0026
2005: 4.2527
2004: 8.0028

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Iran includes the Law of 1972, amended by the Law of 2011 on the punishment of trafficking in arms and ammunitions and possessors of illicit arms and ammunitions29

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Iran are regulated by the Islamic Consultative Assembly30

Right to Possess Firearms

In Iran, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law31 32 33

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

Law Regulates Automatic Weapons

In Iran, civilian possession of automatic weapons is regulated by law34

Regulation of Handguns

In Iran, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted with official permission30 34

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Iran, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law34

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Iran, only licensed gun owners30 34 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Iran must pass a background check which considers criminal and mental health30 34 records

Firearm Safety Training

In Iran, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required30 for a firearm licence

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Iran, the law requires35 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Iran, licensed firearm dealers are required35 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Iran, licensed gun makers are required35 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Iran, State agencies are required35 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Iran include36 37 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Iran include36 37 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Iran include36 37 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Iran, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law35

Firearm Tracing

In Iran, state authorities carry out35 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Iran, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law34

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Iran, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit30

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

United Nations Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice

The UNCCPCJ, a subsidiary body of the Economic and Social Council mandated to promote action to prevent national and transnational crime, lists38 Iran as an elected member

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was not signed39 by Iran.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has not been signed40 by Iran

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has not been signed41 by Iran

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Iran committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects42

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Iran against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 10343 44 45 46 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Iran has submitted one or more national reports47 11 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Iran, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated48 11

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Iran, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated11

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Iran submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was not apparent11

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated11 by Iran to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Iran has not declared49 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Iran has been a Member State of the United Nations since 194550

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list51 Iran as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Iran, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Iran ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


Short References

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