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Indonesia — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Indonesia is

2017: 82,0001
2007: 1,000,0002

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Indonesia is

2017: 0.01
2007: 0.52

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Indonesia ranked at No. 463

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Indonesia ranked at No. 1692

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Indonesia is reported to be

2017: 41,1021
2010: 40,9644
2007: 34,1502

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in Indonesia is

2017: 0.025
2010: 0.02
2007: 0.01

Estimated Number of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms

ChartUnregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,6 but in Indonesia there are estimated to be

2017: 40,8981
2013: 16,0007

Estimated Rate of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

ChartUnregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,6 but in Indonesia the rate of such firearms per 100 people is estimated to be

2017: 0.025
2013: 0.01

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Indonesia are reported to have 1,711,4508 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Indonesia are reported to have 429,0009 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Indonesia, annual homicides by any means total

2018: 1,02410
2017: 1,15011
2016: 1,292
2015: 1,491
2014: 1,27712
2013: 1,386
2012: 1,45613 14
2011: 1,46713 15
2010: 1,058
2009: 1,311
2008: 1,372
2004: 1,419
2003: 1,635
2000: 2,20413 16
1999: 2,09016
1998: 1,758

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Indonesia, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2018: 0.3910
2017: 0.4411
2016: 0.5012
2015: 0.58
2014: 0.50
2013: 0.55
2012: 0.59
2011: 0.60
2010: 0.43
2009: 0.54
2008: 0.58
2004: 0.613 15 17
2003: 0.7
2002: 9.4017
2000: 1.113 16
1999: 1.0116
1998: 0.86

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Indonesia, annual male homicides by any means total

2014: 94518
2010: 85018

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

In Indonesia, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.7418

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Indonesia, annual female homicides by any means total

2014: 33218
2010: 208

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

In Indonesia, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.2618

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Indonesia, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence19

Number of Small Arms Manufactured

The reported annual number of small arms manufactured in Indonesia is between 14,000 and 15,000 firearms per year20

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, Indonesia was ranked 'small'21

Home-made Guns

In Indonesia, the prevalence of illicit craft, or 'home-made' firearm manufacture is reported to be moderate22 23

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Indonesia, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law24 25

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

ChartThe annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Indonesia is reported by Customs to be US$

2013: 252,55826
2012: 11,541,832
2011: 2,131,22127

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Indonesia was categorized as 'minor'28

Firearm Imports

In Indonesia, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law24 29 25 7

Firearm Imports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms imported to Indonesia is reported to be

2008: 1,11530
2007: 400

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

ChartThe annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Indonesia is reported by Customs to be US$

2016: 281,100,00031
2015: 175,000,000
2014: 335,700,000
2013: 139,123,888
2012: 195,493,70026 32 33 34 35
2011: 27,304,43627 36
2010: 52,000,00037
2001: 1,000,00032

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Indonesia is high38 39 40

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Indonesia, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law41 42

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Indonesia include24 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Indonesia is categorised as restrictive43

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Indonesia includes the Law No. 8/1948 On Firearms, Law No. 62/1960 On Gun Licenses, Emergency Law No. 12/1951 On the Illegal Possession of Firearms and Article 49 of the Criminal Code,44 the Law No. 10 of 1995 on Customs, as amended by the Law No. 17 of 200625 and the Decree of the Head of Indonesian National Police No. SKEP/82/II/200429

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Indonesia are regulated by the Indonesian National Police, the Army and the Customs Department under the Ministry of Finance45

Right to Possess Firearms

In Indonesia, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law46 47

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Indonesia, civilians are not allowed to possess any firearms other than certain kinds of handguns and hunting rifles48 49 50

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Indonesia, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited50 14

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Indonesia, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is prohibited48

Regulation of Handguns

In Indonesia, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted for hunting and sport shooting only48 50 14

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Indonesia, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law14

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Indonesia, only high level officials, military and police49 51 14 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Indonesia are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting, target shooting, collection, security, self-defence52 7

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Indonesia is 21 years7

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Indonesia must pass a background check which considers criminal, health and mental health7 14 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Indonesia, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are required53

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Indonesia stipulates54 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Indonesia, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required55 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Indonesia, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every two years48

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Indonesia, the law requires56 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Indonesia, licensed gun makers are required57 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Indonesia, State agencies are required58 56 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Indonesia include59 7 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Indonesia include58 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Indonesia do not include50 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Indonesia, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law14

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Indonesia, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit50

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Indonesia, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm60 is 20 years to life imprisonment or the death penalty61 62

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

United Nations Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice

The UNCCPCJ, a subsidiary body of the Economic and Social Council mandated to promote action to prevent national and transnational crime, lists63 Indonesia as an elected member

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 200664 by Indonesia.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has not been signed65 by Indonesia

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has not been signed66 by Indonesia

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Indonesia committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects67

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Indonesia against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 9268 69 70 71 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Indonesia has submitted one or more national reports72 73 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Indonesia, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated74 73

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Indonesia, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated74

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Indonesia submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent73

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated73 by Indonesia to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided73 to Indonesia by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Indonesia has declared75 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Indonesia has been a Member State of the United Nations since 195076

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list77 Indonesia as a Participating State

BackgroundSustainable Development Goal Profile

About SDG 16

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are 17 goals set by the United Nations to be implemented by all member states by 2030. Adopted in 2015, they outline a vision of development in which peace and security are an integral part. SDG 16,78 which seeks to “promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development,” includes targets and indicators focused on reducing violence (Target 16.1) and the proliferation of illicit arms (Target 16.4). The indicators – or measurement criteria – of these targets include the number of victims of intentional homicide (Indicator 16.1.1), the number of conflict-related deaths (Indicator 16.1.2), and the number of illicit firearms collected and traced (Indicator 16.4.2). In light of these targets and indicators, GunPolicy.org provides granular national data pertaining to homicides, gun homicides, conflict deaths, disarmament efforts, and marking and tracing.

Conflict Deaths

For a profile of conflict in Indonesia, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Disarmament

Surrendered in Gun Amnesty

In Indonesia, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered in recent arms amnesty and collection programmes is reported to be 84079 (2005)

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

In Indonesia, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2017: 1,63780

Small Arms Destroyed

In Indonesia, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2017: 1,63780

Marking and Tracing

Firearm Marking

In Indonesia, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law81 57 82

Firearm Tracing

In Indonesia, state authorities carry out81 57 82 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Indonesia, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are (only for military and police)82 recorded in a register

Global Peace Index

To see where Indonesia ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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