Find Gun Policy Facts

Armed violence prevention, gun control laws and the small arms trade:

Hungary — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Hungary is

2019: 1,033,7001 2
2017: 1,023,000
2007: 560,0003

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Hungary is

2019: 10.554
2017: 10.502
2007: 5.53

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

In Hungary, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be 45,8705

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

In Hungary, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be 78,0785

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

In Hungary, the number of handguns in civilian possession is reported to be 128,0006

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Hungary ranked at No. 747

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Hungary ranked at No. 933

Proportion of Adults Living in a Home With a Gun

In Hungary, the percentage of adults living in a household with a firearm is reported to be

2015: 3%8

Proportion of Households with Firearms

In Hungary, the percentage of households with one or more guns is reported to be

2005: 10.4%9

Proportion of Households with Handguns

In Hungary, the percentage of households with one or more handguns is reported to be

2005: 2.2%9

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

ChartThe number of licensed gun owners in Hungary is reported to be

2019: 145,0001
1999: 84,0225

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in Hungary is

2019: 1.484
1999: 0.83

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Hungary is reported to be

2019: 222,0001
2017: 214,000
2016: 226,000
2007: 211,3003

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in Hungary is

2019: 2.274
2017: 2.17
2016: 2.29
2007: 2.10

Estimated Number of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms

Unregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,10 but in Hungary there are estimated to be

2017: 811,7002

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Hungary are reported to have 147,88011 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Hungary are reported to have 17,00012 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Hungary, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2016: 8413
2015: 65
2014: 8014 15 16
2013: 6314 15 16 17
2012: 96
2011: 92
2010: 97
2009: 8518
2008: 9514 15 16 17
2007: 88
2006: 85
2005: 105
2004: 112
2003: 112
2002: 124
2001: 136
2000: 117
1999: 129
1998: 133
1997: 141
1996: 146

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hungary, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.8513
2015: 0.66
2014: 0.81
2013: 0.63
2012: 0.96
2011: 0.92
2010: 0.97
2009: 0.85
2008: 0.95
2007: 0.88
2006: 0.85
2005: 1.04
2004: 1.11
2003: 1.11
2002: 1.23
2001: 1.34
2000: 1.15
1999: 1.27
1998: 1.30
1997: 1.38
1996: 1.42

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Hungary, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2016: 8013
2015: 61
2014: 7613
2013: 57
2012: 91
2011: 86
2010: 91
2009: 80
2008: 83
2007: 82

Rate of Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hungary, the annual rate of male gun death per 100,000 population is

2016: 1.7013
2015: 1.29
2014: 1.61
2013: 1.20
2012: 1.92
2011: 1.81
2010: 1.91
2009: 1.68
2008: 1.74
2007: 1.72

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Hungary, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2016: 413
2015: 4
2014: 413
2013: 6
2012: 5
2011: 6
2010: 6
2009: 5
2008: 12
2007: 6

Rate of Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hungary, the annual rate of female gun death per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.0813
2015: 0.08
2014: 0.08
2013: 0.12
2012: 0.10
2011: 0.11
2010: 0.11
2009: 0.10
2008: 0.23
2007: 0.11

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Hungary, annual homicides by any means total

2016: 20219
2015: 221
2014: 146
2013: 154
2012: 124
2011: 145
2010: 138
2009: 139
2008: 181
2007: 154
2006: 174
2005: 164
2004: 20920 21 22
2003: 228
2002: 20320 23
2001: 254
2000: 20520 24
1999: 25324
1998: 289
1997: 28921 25
1996: 271
1995: 296

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Hungary, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 2.0519
2015: 2.23
2014: 1.47
2013: 1.55
2012: 1.25
2011: 1.45
2010: 1.38
2009: 1.39
2008: 1.81
2007: 1.53
2006: 1.7
2005: 1.6
2004: 2.120 21 22 26
2003: 2.2
2002: 2.020 23 26
2001: 2.5
2000: 2.020 24 26
1999: 2.5024 26
1998: 2.86
1997: 2.821 26
1996: 2.6
1995: 2.9
1994: 3.5327

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Hungary, annual male homicides by any means total

2016: 12028
2015: 119
2014: 79
2013: 83
2012: 66
2011: 103
2010: 77
2009: 76
2008: 111
2007: 91

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Hungary, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 2.5928
2015: 2.56
2014: 1.69
2013: 1.78
2012: 1.41
2011: 2.19
2010: 1.63
2009: 1.61
2008: 2.34
2007: 1.91

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Hungary, annual female homicides by any means total

2016: 8228
2015: 102
2014: 67
2013: 71
2012: 58
2011: 42
2010: 61
2009: 63
2008: 70
2007: 63

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Hungary, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 1.6028
2015: 1.99
2014: 1.30
2013: 1.37
2012: 1.12
2011: 0.81
2010: 1.17
2009: 1.20
2008: 1.33
2007: 1.20

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Hungary, annual firearm homicides total

2016: 1119
2015: 14
2014: 3
2013: 12
2012: 14
2011: 13
2010: 15
2009: 1314 20 21
2008: 16
2007: 6
2006: 9
2005: 10
2004: 1914 21
2003: 15
2002: 22
2001: 20
2000: 22
1999: 31
1998: 32
1997: 2714
1996: 31

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hungary, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.0513
2015: 0.07
2014: 0.04
2013: 0.06
2012: 0.11
2011: 0.06
2010: 0.20
2009: 0.13
2008: 0.16
2007: 0.06
2006: 0.09
2005: 0.1
2004: 0.1914 21
2003: 0.15
2002: 0.22
2001: 0.2
2000: 0.22
1999: 0.31
1998: 0.31
1997: 0.2614
1996: 0.3
1994: 0.2329

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Hungary, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2012: 7%20
2011: 9%
2010: 11%
2009: 5%
2008: 8%
2007: 8%
2006: 6%
2005: 14%
2004: 5.3%21
2003: 9.3%
2002: 18.7%
2001: 12.6%
2000: 21.5%
1999: 19.0%
1998: 14.2%

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Hungary, annual male firearm homicides total

2016: 313
2015: 3
2014: 119
2013: 9
2012: 10
2011: 11
2010: 10
2009: 10
2008: 7
2007: 3

Rate of Male Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hungary, the annual rate of male firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.0613
2015: 0.06
2014: 0.04
2013: 0.20
2012: 0.19
2011: 0.20
2010: 0.20
2009: 0.21
2008: 0.15
2007: 0.06

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Hungary, annual female firearm homicides total

2016: 213
2015: 4
2014: 2
2013: 3
2012: 4
2011: 2
2010: 5
2009: 3
2008: 9
2007: 3

Rate of Female Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hungary, the annual rate of female firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.0413
2015: 0.08
2014: 0.04
2013: 0.06
2012: 0.10
2011: 0
2010: 0.10
2009: 0.06
2008: 0.17
2007: 0.06

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn Hungary, annual handgun homicides total

2014: 114
2013: 3
2012: 4
2011: 1
2010: 4
2009: 1
2007: 2
2006: 3
2005: 1
2004: 13
2003: 12
2002: 9
2001: 15
2000: 15
1999: 19
1998: 21
1997: 23
1996: 23

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hungary, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0114
2013: 0.03
2012: 0.04
2011: 0.01
2010: 0.04
2009: 0.01
2007: 0.02
2006: 0.03
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.13
2003: 0.12
2002: 0.09
2001: 0.15
2000: 0.15
1999: 0.19
1998: 0.20
1997: 0.22
1996: 0.22

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn Hungary, annual long gun homicides total

2014: 114
2009: 2
2005: 3
2004: 5
2003: 2
2002: 9
2001: 4
2000: 3
1999: 6
1998: 9
1997: 2
1996: 4

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hungary, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0114
2009: 0.02
2005: 0.03
2004: 0.05
2003: 0.02
2002: 0.09
2001: 0.04
2000: 0.03
1999: 0.06
1998: 0.09
1997: 0.02
1996: 0.04

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn Hungary, annual gun homicides (other) total

2014: 214
2013: 3
2012: 7
2011: 5
2010: 6
2009: 10
2008: 16
2007: 4
2006: 6
2005: 6
2004: 1
2003: 1
2002: 4
2001: 1
2000: 4
1999: 6
1998: 2
1997: 2
1996: 4

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hungary, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0214
2013: 0.03
2012: 0.07
2011: 0.05
2010: 0.06
2009: 0.10
2008: 0.16
2007: 0.04
2006: 0.06
2005: 0.06
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.01
2002: 0.04
2001: 0.01
2000: 0.04
1999: 0.06
1998: 0.02
1997: 0.02
1996: 0.04

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Hungary, annual suicides by any means total

2016: 1,76213
2015: 1,870
2014: 1,92713
2013: 2,093
2012: 2,349
2011: 2,422
2010: 2,492
2009: 2,461
2008: 2,476
2007: 2,450
1999: 3,32830

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Hungary, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 17.8413
2015: 18.89
2014: 19.43
2013: 21.06
2012: 23.59
2011: 24.28
2010: 24.94
2009: 24.59
2008: 24.71
2007: 24.42
1999: 33.6930
1994: 35.3831

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Hungary, annual male suicides by any means total

2016: 1,31613
2015: 1,391
2014: 1,48013
2013: 1,588
2012: 1,802
2011: 1,847
2010: 1,945
2009: 1,902
2008: 1,910
2007: 1,879

Rate of Male Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Hungary, the annual rate of male suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 27.9613
2015: 29.49
2014: 31.31
2013: 33.53
2012: 37.99
2011: 38.87
2010: 40.87
2009: 39.91
2008: 40.02
2007: 39.31

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Hungary, annual female suicides by any means total

2016: 44613
2015: 479
2014: 44713
2013: 505
2012: 547
2011: 575
2010: 547
2009: 559
2008: 566
2007: 571

Rate of Female Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Hungary, the annual rate of female suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 8.6313
2015: 9.25
2014: 8.61
2013: 9.70
2012: 10.49
2011: 11.01
2010: 10.45
2009: 10.67
2008: 10.79
2007: 10.87

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Hungary, annual firearm suicides total

2016: 7313
2015: 56
2014: 7515
2013: 50
2012: 8015 32
2011: 8315
2010: 83
2009: 72
2008: 77
2007: 76
2006: 69
2005: 89
2004: 91
2003: 92
2002: 98
2001: 108
2000: 86
1999: 96
1998: 98
1997: 100
1996: 108

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hungary, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.7413
2015: 0.57
2014: 0.76
2013: 0.50
2012: 0.80
2011: 0.83
2010: 0.83
2009: 0.72
2008: 0.77
2007: 0.76
2006: 0.69
2005: 0.88
2004: 0.9
2003: 0.91
2002: 0.96
2001: 1.06
2000: 0.86
1999: 0.95
1998: 0.95
1997: 0.97
1996: 1.05
1994: 0.8833

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Hungary, annual male firearm suicides total

2016: 7213
2015: 56
2014: 7313
2013: 48
2012: 78
2011: 80
2010: 82
2009: 70
2008: 75
2007: 73

Rate of Male Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hungary, the annual rate of male firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2016: 1.5313
2015: 1.19
2014: 1.54
2013: 1.01
2012: 1.64
2011: 1.68
2010: 1.72
2009: 1.47
2008: 1.57
2007: 1.53

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Hungary, annual female firearm suicides total

2016: 113
2014: 213
2013: 2
2012: 2
2011: 3
2010: 1
2009: 2
2008: 2
2007: 3

Rate of Female Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hungary, the annual rate of female firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.0213
2014: 0.04
2013: 0.04
2012: 0.04
2011: 0.06
2010: 0.02
2009: 0.04
2008: 0.04
2007: 0.06

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn Hungary, annual handgun suicides total

2014: 1515
2013: 20
2012: 22
2011: 21
2010: 17
2009: 12
2008: 16
2007: 14
2006: 15
2005: 18
2004: 55
2003: 43
2002: 62
2001: 59
2000: 54
1999: 55
1998: 51
1997: 60
1996: 46

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hungary, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.1515
2013: 0.20
2012: 0.22
2011: 0.21
2010: 0.17
2009: 0.12
2008: 0.16
2007: 0.14
2006: 0.15
2005: 0.18
2004: 0.54
2003: 0.42
2002: 0.61
2001: 0.58
2000: 0.54
1999: 0.55
1998: 0.50
1997: 0.58
1996: 0.45

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn Hungary, the number of long gun suicides is

2014: 715
2013: 4
2012: 8
2011: 15
2010: 9
2009: 5
2008: 3
2007: 8
2006: 2
2005: 10
2004: 17
2003: 21
2002: 18
2001: 22
2000: 10
1999: 23
1998: 22
1997: 17
1996: 25

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hungary, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0715
2013: 0.04
2012: 0.08
2011: 0.15
2010: 0.09
2009: 0.05
2008: 0.03
2007: 0.08
2006: 0.02
2005: 0.10
2004: 0.17
2003: 0.21
2002: 0.18
2001: 0.22
2000: 0.10
1999: 0.23
1998: 0.21
1997: 0.17
1996: 0.24

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn Hungary, annual gun suicides (other) total

2014: 5315
2013: 26
2012: 50
2011: 47
2010: 57
2009: 55
2008: 58
2007: 54
2006: 52
2005: 61
2004: 19
2003: 28
2002: 18
2001: 27
2000: 22
1999: 18
1998: 25
1997: 23
1996: 37

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hungary, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.5415
2013: 0.26
2012: 0.50
2011: 0.47
2010: 0.57
2009: 0.55
2008: 0.58
2007: 0.54
2006: 0.52
2005: 0.60
2004: 0.19
2003: 0.28
2002: 0.18
2001: 0.27
2000: 0.22
1999: 0.18
1998: 0.24
1997: 0.22
1996: 0.36

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Hungary, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2016: 313
2015: 1
2014: 116
2013: 2
2012: 216 32
2011: 116
2010: 1
2008: 1
2007: 4
2006: 6
2005: 5
2004: 1
2003: 3
2002: 2
2001: 4
2000: 2
1999: 1
1998: 2
1997: 9
1996: 5

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hungary, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.0313
2015: 0.01
2014: 0.01
2013: 0.02
2012: 0.02
2011: 0.01
2010: 0.01
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.04
2006: 0.06
2005: 0.05
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.03
2002: 0.02
2001: 0.04
2000: 0.02
1999: 0.01
1998: 0.02
1997: 0.09
1996: 0.05
1994: 0.0934

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Hungary, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2016: 313
2015: 1
2014: 113
2013: 2
2012: 2
2011: 1
2010: 1
2008: 1
2007: 4

Rate of Unintentional Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hungary, the annual rate of unintentional male shooting death per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.0613
2015: 0.02
2014: 0.02
2013: 0.04
2012: 0.04
2011: 0.02
2010: 0.02
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.08

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Hungary, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2014: 013
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Unintentional Handgun Deaths

ChartIn Hungary, annual unintentional shooting deaths by handgun total

2002: 116
2001: 1
2000: 1
1998: 1
1997: 3
1996: 5

Rate of Unintentional Handgun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hungary, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by handgun per 100,000 population is

2002: 0.0116
2001: 0.01
2000: 0.01
1998: 0.01
1997: 0.03
1996: 0.05

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn Hungary, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2013: 116
2012: 1
2011: 1
2007: 1
2006: 3
2005: 2
2003: 2
2002: 1
2000: 1
1999: 1
1997: 3

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hungary, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0116
2012: 0.01
2011: 0.01
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.03
2005: 0.02
2003: 0.02
2002: 0.01
2000: 0.01
1999: 0.01
1997: 0.03

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn Hungary, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2014: 116
2013: 1
2012: 1
2010: 1
2008: 1
2007: 3
2006: 3
2005: 3
2004: 1
2003: 1
2001: 3
1998: 1
1997: 3

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hungary, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0116
2013: 0.01
2012: 0.01
2010: 0.01
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.03
2006: 0.03
2005: 0.03
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.01
2001: 0.03
1998: 0.01
1997: 0.03

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Hungary, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2016: 313
2014: 013
2013: 517
2012: 217 32
2011: 117
2010: 1
2008: 1
2007: 1
2006: 1
2005: 1
2004: 1
2003: 2
2002: 2
2001: 4
2000: 7
1999: 1
1998: 1
1997: 5
1996: 2

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hungary, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.0313
2013: 0.05
2012: 0.02
2011: 0.01
2010: 0.01
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.02
2002: 0.02
2001: 0.04
2000: 0.07
1999: 0.01
1998: 0.01
1997: 0.05
1996: 0.02
1994: 0.0135

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Hungary, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2016: 213
2014: 013
2013: 4
2012: 1
2011: 1
2010: 1
2007: 1

Rate of Male Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hungary, the annual rate of unknown-cause male shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.0413
2013: 0.08
2012: 0.02
2011: 0.02
2010: 0.02
2007: 0.02

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Hungary, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2016: 113
2014: 013
2013: 1
2012: 1
2011: 0
2010: 0
2008: 1

Rate of Female Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hungary, the annual rate of unknown-cause female shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.0213
2013: 0.02
2012: 0.02
2008: 0.02

Handgun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Hungary, annual deaths by handgun in which the cause remains undecided total

2013: 117
2006: 1
2005: 1
2004: 1
2003: 1
2002: 1
2001: 2
2000: 1
1998: 1
1997: 1
1996: 2

Rate of Handgun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hungary, the annual rate of unknown-cause handgun deaths per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0117
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.01
2002: 0.01
2001: 0.02
2000: 0.01
1998: 0.01
1997: 0.01
1996: 0.02

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Hungary, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2002: 117
2001: 2
2000: 2
1999: 1
1997: 1

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hungary, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2002: 0.0117
2001: 0.02
2000: 0.02
1999: 0.01
1997: 0.01

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Hungary, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2013: 417
2012: 2
2011: 1
2010: 1
2008: 1
2007: 1
2003: 1
2000: 4
1997: 3

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hungary, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0417
2012: 0.02
2011: 0.01
2010: 0.01
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.01
2003: 0.01
2000: 0.04
1997: 0.03

Legal Intervention Gun Homicides

ChartIn Hungary, annual legal-intervention gun homicides total

2015: 113
2012: 1
2011: 1
2010: 2
2007: 1

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Hungary, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence36

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, Hungary was ranked 'medium'37

Home-made Guns

In Hungary, the prevalence of illicit craft, or 'home-made' firearm manufacture is reported to be low38

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Hungary, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law39 40 41 42 43 44 45

Firearm Exports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms exported from Hungary is reported by manufacturers to be

2018: 43046
2017: 19646
2016: 78
2015: 625
2014: 2,53747
2013: 32,680
2012: 211
2011: 5,653
2010: 328
2009: 25,405
2008: 4,512
2007: 46,791
2006: 48,787

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Hungary is reported by Customs to be US$

2016: 14,000,00048

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Hungary was categorized as 'major'49 50 51

Firearm Imports

In Hungary, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law39 40 41 52 42 43 44

Firearm Imports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms imported to Hungary is reported to be

2018: 35,46646
2017: 2,78846
2016: 2,568
2015: 4,732
2014: 2,92047
2013: 3,513
2012: 3,318
2011: 2,175
2010: 1,571
2009: 1,413
2008: 3,869
2007: 2,793
2006: 3,718

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Hungary is reported by Customs to be US$

2016: 11,000,00053

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Hungary is low54

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Hungary, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law55 41 56 57

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Hungary include39 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

ChartIn its annual Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer, the Small Arms Survey compares public reporting among major arms exporting nations on a scale from strong to weak (25 to zero). In recent years, Hungary scored

2019: 16.2558
2018: 15.0059
2016: 12.0060
2014: 11.0061
2013: 13.7562
2012: 12.5063
2011: 11.0064
2010: 11.7565
2009: 11.0066
2008: 13.5067
2007: 8.5068
2006: 11.0069
2005: 6.0070
2004: 5.0071

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Hungary is categorised as restrictive72

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Hungary includes the Act No. XXIV/2004 on the rules of firearms and ammunition, the Government Decree No. 253/2004 (VIII.31.) on Arms and Ammunition, the Act No. CIX/2005,36 the Government Decree No. 160/2011. (VIII.18.) on the licensing of the export, import, transfer and transit of military technology and related services and the Criminal Code,39 55 Government Decree No. 156/2017. (VI.16.) on the detailed regulations of the licensing of defence industry activity and the certification of enterprises,73 Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons,74 75 the European Union Firearms Regulation of 2012, the Common Position on the Control of Arms Brokering of 2003,76 and the Convention of 1 July 1969 on Reciprocal Recognition of Proofmarks on Small Arms77

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Hungary are regulated by the Ministry of the Interior,5 and the European Commission75

Right to Possess Firearms

In Hungary, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law78 79

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Hungary, civilians are not allowed to possess automatic firearms, firearms disguised as other objects, and armour-piercing, incendiary and expanding ammunition80 81

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Hungary, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited80 81

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Hungary, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted only with special authorisation82 83 81

Regulation of Handguns

In Hungary, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted only with special authorisation80 82 83 81

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Hungary, only licensed gun owners84 80 82 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Hungary are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting, target shooting, collection, personal protection, security85

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Hungary is 18 years85

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Hungary must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental health and domestic violence85 records

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Hungary stipulates5 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Hungary, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required5 for a firearm licence

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Hungary are permitted to possess only ammunition suitable for the intended firearm86

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Hungary, the law requires87 88 89 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Hungary, licensed firearm dealers are required90 88 89 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Hungary, licensed gun makers are required91 90 88 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Hungary, State agencies are required92 93 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Hungary, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful94 83

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Hungary include5 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Hungary include93 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Hungary include5 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Hungary, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed without a permit for people in approved professions5

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

European Union

As a member of the European Union, Hungary is bound by the provisions of the ‘EU Firearms Directive’ – the 2007 Legislative Resolution on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons of the European Parliament95 96

European Union Export Reporting

Under the European Union Common Position on Arms Exports, Hungary is bound to declare its transfers of military technology and equipment. Independent monitoring provides detailed comparisons of arms export reporting compliance across EU member states, and records that Hungary has submitted one or more national reports97 on its arms transfers

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 200698 by Hungary.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified99 by Hungary

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified100 by Hungary

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Hungary committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects101

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Hungary against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 6102 103 104 105 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Hungary has submitted one or more national reports106 107 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Hungary, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated108 107

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Hungary, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated108

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Hungary submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was not apparent108 107

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated107 by Hungary to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Hungary has declared109 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Hungary has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1955110

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies lists111 Hungary as a Participating State

BackgroundSustainable Development Goal Profile

About SDG 16

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are 17 goals set by the United Nations to be implemented by all member states by 2030. Adopted in 2015, they outline a vision of development in which peace and security are an integral part. SDG 16,112 which seeks to “promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development,” includes targets and indicators focused on reducing violence (Target 16.1) and the proliferation of illicit arms (Target 16.4). The indicators – or measurement criteria – of these targets include the number of victims of intentional homicide (Indicator 16.1.1), the number of conflict-related deaths (Indicator 16.1.2), and the number of illicit firearms collected and traced (Indicator 16.4.2). In light of these targets and indicators, GunPolicy.org provides granular national data pertaining to homicides, gun homicides, conflict deaths, disarmament efforts, and marking and tracing.

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Hungary, annual homicides by any means total

2016: 20219
2015: 221
2014: 146
2013: 154
2012: 124
2011: 145
2010: 138
2009: 139
2008: 181
2007: 154
2006: 174
2005: 164
2004: 20920 21 22
2003: 228
2002: 20320 23
2001: 254
2000: 20520 24
1999: 25324
1998: 289
1997: 28921 25
1996: 271
1995: 296

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Hungary, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 2.0519
2015: 2.23
2014: 1.47
2013: 1.55
2012: 1.25
2011: 1.45
2010: 1.38
2009: 1.39
2008: 1.81
2007: 1.53
2006: 1.7
2005: 1.6
2004: 2.120 21 22 26
2003: 2.2
2002: 2.020 23 26
2001: 2.5
2000: 2.020 24 26
1999: 2.5024 26
1998: 2.86
1997: 2.821 26
1996: 2.6
1995: 2.9
1994: 3.5327

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Hungary, annual male homicides by any means total

2016: 12028
2015: 119
2014: 79
2013: 83
2012: 66
2011: 103
2010: 77
2009: 76
2008: 111
2007: 91

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Hungary, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 2.5928
2015: 2.56
2014: 1.69
2013: 1.78
2012: 1.41
2011: 2.19
2010: 1.63
2009: 1.61
2008: 2.34
2007: 1.91

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Hungary, annual female homicides by any means total

2016: 8228
2015: 102
2014: 67
2013: 71
2012: 58
2011: 42
2010: 61
2009: 63
2008: 70
2007: 63

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Hungary, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 1.6028
2015: 1.99
2014: 1.30
2013: 1.37
2012: 1.12
2011: 0.81
2010: 1.17
2009: 1.20
2008: 1.33
2007: 1.20

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Hungary, annual firearm homicides total

2016: 1119
2015: 14
2014: 3
2013: 12
2012: 14
2011: 13
2010: 15
2009: 1314 20 21
2008: 16
2007: 6
2006: 9
2005: 10
2004: 1914 21
2003: 15
2002: 22
2001: 20
2000: 22
1999: 31
1998: 32
1997: 2714
1996: 31

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hungary, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.0513
2015: 0.07
2014: 0.04
2013: 0.06
2012: 0.11
2011: 0.06
2010: 0.20
2009: 0.13
2008: 0.16
2007: 0.06
2006: 0.09
2005: 0.1
2004: 0.1914 21
2003: 0.15
2002: 0.22
2001: 0.2
2000: 0.22
1999: 0.31
1998: 0.31
1997: 0.2614
1996: 0.3
1994: 0.2329

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Hungary, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2012: 7%20
2011: 9%
2010: 11%
2009: 5%
2008: 8%
2007: 8%
2006: 6%
2005: 14%
2004: 5.3%21
2003: 9.3%
2002: 18.7%
2001: 12.6%
2000: 21.5%
1999: 19.0%
1998: 14.2%

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Hungary, annual male firearm homicides total

2016: 313
2015: 3
2014: 119
2013: 9
2012: 10
2011: 11
2010: 10
2009: 10
2008: 7
2007: 3

Rate of Male Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hungary, the annual rate of male firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.0613
2015: 0.06
2014: 0.04
2013: 0.20
2012: 0.19
2011: 0.20
2010: 0.20
2009: 0.21
2008: 0.15
2007: 0.06

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Hungary, annual female firearm homicides total

2016: 213
2015: 4
2014: 2
2013: 3
2012: 4
2011: 2
2010: 5
2009: 3
2008: 9
2007: 3

Rate of Female Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hungary, the annual rate of female firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.0413
2015: 0.08
2014: 0.04
2013: 0.06
2012: 0.10
2011: 0
2010: 0.10
2009: 0.06
2008: 0.17
2007: 0.06

Conflict Deaths

For a profile of conflict in Hungary, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Disarmament

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn Hungary, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2017: 213113
2016: 337
2013: 21114
2012: 10
2011: 3,765115

Small Arms Destroyed

In Hungary, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2011: 1,483116

Marking and Tracing

Firearm Marking

In Hungary, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law90 117

Firearm Tracing

In Hungary, state authorities carry out118 119 117 89 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Global Peace Index

To see where Hungary ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index, and then click on Hungary on the map or in the "Select Country" menu on the right of the web page


Short References

1.

Zoltán Batka. 2019. ‘Chaotic Domestic Gun Statistics - and Hundreds of Thousands of Unlicensed "Lethal Devices".’ Nepszava. 25 April. (N749) Full Citation

2.

Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Civilian Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Civilian-Held Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13434)Full Citation

3.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms - Annexe online.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q5)Full Citation

4.

GunPolicy.org.2016.‘Calculated Rates - Hungary.’ Historical Population Data - USCB International Data Base.Suitland, MD:US Census Bureau Population Division,1 August. (Q4244)Full Citation

5.

United Nations.1999.‘Analysis of Country Responses.’ United Nations International Study on Firearm Regulation.Vienna:UN Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Division,30 August. (Q1)Full Citation

6.

Daily News Hungary. 2016. ‘Few Civilians Own Guns in Hungary.’ Daily News Hungary. 5 July. (N750) Full Citation

7.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q4)Full Citation

8.

Directorate-General for Home Affairs.2015.‘Firearms Ownership - Firearms in the EU.’ Flash Eurobarometer 383: Firearms in the European Union.Brussels:European Commission,19 January. (Q13506)Full Citation

9.

van Dijk, Jan, John van Kesteren and Paul Smit.2007.‘Ownership of Firearms and Handguns in Countries and Main Cities (percentages): 1989-2005 ICVS and 2005 EU ICS.’ Criminal Victimisation in International Perspective: Key findings from the 2004-2005 ICVS and EU ICS.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime / UNODC,1 January. (Q11803)Full Citation

10.

GunPolicy.org. 2019. ‘Estimated Number of Illicit Firearms.’ Definition and Selection Criteria.
Sydney School of Public Health, 24 January.
(G14) Full Citation

11.

Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Military Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Military-Owned Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13436)Full Citation

12.

Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Law Enforcement Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Law Enforcement Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13435)Full Citation

13.

WHO.2016.‘Inter-country Comparison of Mortality for Selected Causes of Death.’ WHO Mortality Data Base.Geneva:World Health Organisation,1 December. (Q13354)Full Citation

14.

WHO.2016.‘Inter-country Comparison of Mortality for Selected Cause of Death - Gun Homicide in Hungary.’ European Detailed Mortality Database (DMDB).Copenhagen:World Health Organisation Regional Office for Europe,13 July. (Q6075)Full Citation

15.

WHO.2016.‘Inter-country Comparison of Mortality for Selected Cause of Death - Gun Suicide in Hungary.’ European Detailed Mortality Database (DMDB).Copenhagen:World Health Organisation Regional Office for Europe,13 July. (Q6147)Full Citation

16.

WHO.2016.‘Inter-country Comparison of Mortality for Selected Cause of Death - Unintentional Gun Deaths in Hungary.’ European Detailed Mortality Database (DMDB).Copenhagen:World Health Organisation Regional Office for Europe,13 July. (Q6187)Full Citation

17.

WHO.2016.‘Inter-country Comparison of Mortality for Selected Cause of Death - Gun Death from Undetermined Cause in Hungary.’ European Detailed Mortality Database (DMDB).Copenhagen:World Health Organisation Regional Office for Europe,13 July. (Q6447)Full Citation

18.

WHO.2011.‘Inter-country Comparison of Mortality for Selected Cause of Death - Total Firearm Death.’ European Detailed Mortality Database (DMDB).Copenhagen:World Health Organisation Regional Office for Europe,15 September. (Q5684)Full Citation

19.

UNODC.2020.‘Intentional Homicide Victims.’ Crime and Drugs Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,1 January. (Q13355)Full Citation

20.

UNODC.2014.‘Homicides and Gun Homicides in Hungary.’ Global Study on Homicide 2013: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC),10 April. (Q10304)Full Citation

21.

UNODC.2013.‘Homicide in 207 Countries - Hungary.’ Global Study on Homicide 2011: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,26 June. (Q6281)Full Citation

22.

UNODC.2006.‘Reported Overall Homicide Numbers and Rates per 100,000 Population for 64 Countries, 2003-04.’ Ninth United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (2003 - 2004).Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,10 December. (Q9)Full Citation

23.

UNODC.2005.‘Recorded Homicide and Firearm Homicide in 53 Countries, Completed or Attempted.’ Eighth United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (2001-2002).Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,15 April. (Q1077)Full Citation

24.

UNODC.2004.‘Recorded Intentional Homicide, Completed.’ Seventh United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (1998-2000).Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,19 March. (Q91)Full Citation

25.

Barclay, Gordon, Cynthia Tavares and Arsalaan Siddique.2001.‘Crimes Recorded by Police: Homicide.’ International Comparisons of Criminal Justice Statistics 1999.London:UK Home Office,1 May. (Q2143)Full Citation

26.

Petrini, Benjamin.2011.‘Europe and Central Asia, 1995-2008, Total Recorded Intentional Homicide, Completed, Rate per 100,000 Population.’ World Bank Homicide Rate Dataset 1995-2008.Washington, DC:Social Development Department, World Bank,10 February. (Q3816)Full Citation

27.

Krug, E G, K E Powell and L L Dahlberg.1998.‘Firearm-Related Deaths in the United States and 35 Other High- and Upper-Middle-Income Countries.’ International Journal of Epidemiology.Atlanta:National Centre for Injury Prevention & Control, Centers for Disease Control & Prevention / CDC,16 April. (Q1301)Full Citation

28.

UNODC.2017.‘Intentional Homicide Victims by Sex.’ Crime and Drugs Data.Vienna:UNODC,19 May. (Q13356)Full Citation

29.

Krug, E G, K E Powell and L L Dahlberg.1998.‘Firearm-Related Deaths in the United States and 35 Other High- and Upper-Middle-Income Countries.’ International Journal of Epidemiology.Atlanta:National Centre for Injury Prevention & Control, Centers for Disease Control & Prevention / CDC,16 April. (Q1297)Full Citation

30.

Jackson, Thomas.2005.‘Global Gun Deaths.’ NISAT Firearm Mortality Database 2005.Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers,1 January. (Q12)Full Citation

31.

Krug, E G, K E Powell and L L Dahlberg.1998.‘Firearm-Related Deaths in the United States and 35 Other High- and Upper-Middle-Income Countries.’ International Journal of Epidemiology.Atlanta:National Centre for Injury Prevention & Control, Centers for Disease Control & Prevention / CDC,16 April. (Q1302)Full Citation

32.

Waiselfiz, Julio Jacobo.2015.‘Number and Rate of Gun Deaths in 90 Countries (Número e taxas de mortalidade por AF segundo causa básica em 90 países do mundo).’ Violence Map: Deaths by Firearms (Mapa da Violência: Mortes Matadas por Armas de Fogo).Brasilia:Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales / Latin American Social Sciences Institute,1 January. (Q11896)Full Citation

33.

Krug, E G, K E Powell and L L Dahlberg.1998.‘Firearm-Related Deaths in the United States and 35 Other High- and Upper-Middle-Income Countries.’ International Journal of Epidemiology.Atlanta:National Centre for Injury Prevention & Control, Centers for Disease Control & Prevention / CDC,16 April. (Q1298)Full Citation

34.

Krug, E G, K E Powell and L L Dahlberg.1998.‘Firearm-Related Deaths in the United States and 35 Other High- and Upper-Middle-Income Countries.’ International Journal of Epidemiology.Atlanta:National Centre for Injury Prevention & Control, Centers for Disease Control & Prevention / CDC,16 April. (Q1299)Full Citation

35.

Krug, E G, K E Powell and L L Dahlberg.1998.‘Firearm-Related Deaths in the United States and 35 Other High- and Upper-Middle-Income Countries.’ International Journal of Epidemiology.Atlanta:National Centre for Injury Prevention & Control, Centers for Disease Control & Prevention / CDC,16 April. (Q1300)Full Citation

36.

Hungary.2016.‘Manufacture.’ National Report of Hungary on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Hungary to the United Nations,1 January. (Q12795)Full Citation

37.

Small Arms Survey.2001.‘Ranking of World's Small Arms Producers (By Sales).’ Small Arms Survey 2001: Profiling the Problem.Oxford:Oxford University Press,1 July. (Q103)Full Citation

38.

Hungary.2018.‘Manufacture.’ National Report of Hungary on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Hungary to the United Nations,1 January. (Q13754)Full Citation

39.

Hungary.2016.‘International Transfers.’ National Report of Hungary on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Hungary to the United Nations,1 January. (Q12796)Full Citation

40.

Hungary.2016.‘Record Keeping [Import and Export].’ National Report of Hungary on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Hungary to the United Nations,1 January. (Q12797)Full Citation

41.

IANSA.2006.‘Reviewing Action on Small Arms 2006: Assessing the first five years of the UN Programme of Action.’ Biting the Bullet 'Red Book' 2006.New York, NY:International Action Network on Small Arms and the Biting the Bullet project,26 June. (Q82)Full Citation

42.

European Council.1991.‘Article 12.’ Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons (91/477/EEC) [current to 2008 amendments].Brussels:Council of the European Communities,18 June. (Q2415)Full Citation

43.

European Council.1991.‘Article 13.’ Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons (91/477/EEC) [current to 2008 amendments].Brussels:Council of the European Communities,18 June. (Q2416)Full Citation

44.

European Council.1991.‘Article 14.’ Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons (91/477/EEC) [current to 2008 amendments].Brussels:Council of the European Communities,18 June. (Q2417)Full Citation

45.

European Commission.2013.‘The Need for Action at EU Level - EU Firearms Laws.’ Communication from the Commission to the Council and the European Parliament.Brussels:Europa.eu,21 October. (Q8320)Full Citation

46.

Arms Trade Treaty Secretariat.2017.‘National Reports on Small Arms Exports and Imports.’ Arms Trade Treaty Annual Report.Geneva:Arms Trade Treaty Secretariat,1 January. (Q13951)Full Citation

47.

UN Register of Conventional Arms.2018.‘National Reports on Small Arms Exports and Imports.’ UNROCA - The Global Reported Arms Trade.New York, NY:United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,1 January. (Q13952)Full Citation

48.

Picard, Michael, Paul Holtom and Fiona Mangan.2019.‘Annexe A1: Annual Authorized Small Arms and Light Weapons Exports by Major Exporter.’ Trade Update 2019: Transfers, Transparency, and South-east Asia Spotlight.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,12 December. (Q14071)Full Citation

49.

Holtom, Paul and Christelle Rigual.2015.‘Exporters of Small Arms Based on UN Comtrade, 2012.’ Small Arms Survey 2015: Weapons and the World.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 June. (Q11069)Full Citation

50.

Holtom, Paul, Irene Pavesi and Christelle Rigual.2014.‘Exporters of Small Arms Based on UN Comtrade, 2011.’ Small Arms Survey 2014: Women and Guns.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,16 June. (Q11037)Full Citation

51.

Small Arms Survey.2001.‘60 Known Legal Small Arms Exporting Countries, 2001.’ Small Arms Survey 2001: Profiling the Problem.Oxford:Oxford University Press,1 July. (Q867)Full Citation

52.

European Council.1991.‘Article 11.’ Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons (91/477/EEC) [current to 2008 amendments].Brussels:Council of the European Communities,18 June. (Q2414)Full Citation

53.

Picard, Michael, Paul Holtom and Fiona Mangan.2019.‘Annexe A2: Annual Authorized Small Arms and Light Weapons Imports by Major Importers.’ Trade Update 2019: Transfers, Transparency, and South-east Asia Spotlight.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,12 December. (Q14070)Full Citation

54.

Hungary.2018.‘International Transfers.’ National Report of Hungary on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Hungary to the United Nations,1 January. (Q13756)Full Citation

55.

Hungary.2016.‘Brokering.’ National Report of Hungary on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Hungary to the United Nations,1 January. (Q12798)Full Citation

56.

European Council.1991.‘Article 4b.’ Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons (91/477/EEC) [current to 2008 amendments].Brussels:Council of the European Communities,18 June. (Q2408)Full Citation

57.

European Commission.2013.‘The Need for Action at EU Level - EU Firearms Laws.’ Communication from the Commission to the Council and the European Parliament.Brussels:Europa.eu,21 October. (Q8319)Full Citation

58.

Picard, Michael, Paul Holtom and Fiona Mangan.2019.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2019.’ Trade Update 2019: Transfers, Transparency, and South-east Asia Spotlight.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,12 December. (Q14069)Full Citation

59.

Holtom, Paul and Irene Pavesi.2018.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer.’ The 2018 Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,1 August. (Q13505)Full Citation

60.

Pavesi, Irene.2016.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2016.’ Trade Update 2016: Transfers and Transparency.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,6 June. (Q12070)Full Citation

61.

Holtom, Paul, Irene Pavesi, and Christelle Rigual.2014.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2014.’ Small Arms Survey 2014: Women and Guns.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,16 June. (Q10547)Full Citation

62.

Pavesi, Irene and Christelle Rigual.2013.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2013.’ Small Arms Survey 2013: Everyday Dangers.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,2 July. (Q6871)Full Citation

63.

Lazarevic, Jasna.2012.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2012.’ Small Arms Survey 2012: Moving Targets.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,27 August. (Q6869)Full Citation

64.

Lazarevic, Jasna.2011.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2011.’ Small Arms Survey 2011: States of Security.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,6 July. (Q10549)Full Citation

65.

Lazarevic, Jasna.2010.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2010.’ Small Arms Survey 2010: Gangs, Groups and Guns.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,14 June. (Q10550)Full Citation

66.

Lazarevic, Jasna.2009.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2009.’ Small Arms Survey 2009: Shadows of War.Cambridge:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,9 July. (Q10551)Full Citation

67.

Close, Helen and Chris Stevenson.2008.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2008.’ Small Arms Survey 2008: Risk and Resilience.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,14 July. (Q10552)Full Citation

68.

Glatz, Anne-Kathrin and Lora Lumpe.2007.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2007.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,27 August. (Q10553)Full Citation

69.

Khakee, Anna, Pablo Dreyfus and Anne-Kathrin Glatz.2006.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2006.’ Small Arms Survey 2006: Unfinished Business.Oxford:Oxford University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 July. (Q10554)Full Citation

70.

Khakee, Anna.2005.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2005.’ Small Arms Survey 2005: Weapons at War.Oxford:Oxford University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,11 July. (Q10555)Full Citation

71.

Khakee, Anna.2004.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2004.’ Small Arms Survey 2004: Rights at Risk.Oxford:Oxford University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 July. (Q10556)Full Citation

72.

Newton, George D and Franklin E Zimring.1969.‘Firearm Licensing: Permissive v Restrictive.’ Firearms & Violence in American Life: A staff report submitted to the National Commission on the Causes and Prevention of Violence.Washington, DC:US Government Printing Office,1 January. (Q22)Full Citation

73.

Hungary.2017.‘General Provisions.’ Government Decree No. 156/2017. (vi.16.) on the Detailed Regulations for the Licensing of Defence Industry Activity and the Certification of Enterprises.Budapest:National Legislative Library,23 June. (Q13757)Full Citation

74.

European Council.1991.‘European Weapons Directive.’ Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons (91/477/EEC) [current to 2008 amendments].Brussels:Council of the European Communities,18 June. (Q2403)Full Citation

75.

European Council.1991.‘Article 18.’ Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons (91/477/EEC) [current to 2008 amendments].Brussels:Council of the European Communities,18 June. (Q2418)Full Citation

76.

European Commission.2013.‘The Need for Action at EU Level - EU Firearms Laws.’ Communication from the Commission to the Council and the European Parliament.Brussels:Europa.eu,21 October. (Q8315)Full Citation

77.

UNGA.1969.‘Reciprocal Recognition of Proof Marks.’ Convention for the Reciprocal Recognition of Proof Marks on Small Arms of July 1, 1969.Brussels:United Nations General Assembly,1 July. (Q5999)Full Citation

78.

Sherman, Amy and Tom Ginsburg.2014.‘Gun Rights in National Constitutions.’ Marco Rubio Says Second Amendment Is Unique in Speech to NRA.Miami, FL:Miami Herald (PolitiFact Florida),29 April. (Q8507)Full Citation

79.

Zachary Elkins, Tom Ginsburg and James Melton. 2013. ‘U.S. Gun Rights Truly Are American Exceptionalism.’ Bloomberg (USA). 7 March. (N422) Full Citation

80.

European Council.1991.‘Article 6.’ Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons (91/477/EEC) [current to 2008 amendments].Brussels:Council of the European Communities,18 June. (Q2410)Full Citation

81.

European Council.1991.‘Annex 1.’ Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons (91/477/EEC) [current to 2008 amendments].Brussels:Council of the European Communities,18 June. (Q2419)Full Citation

82.

European Council.1991.‘Article 7.’ Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons (91/477/EEC) [current to 2008 amendments].Brussels:Council of the European Communities,18 June. (Q2411)Full Citation

83.

European Council.1991.‘Article 8.’ Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons (91/477/EEC) [current to 2008 amendments].Brussels:Council of the European Communities,18 June. (Q2412)Full Citation

84.

European Council.1991.‘Article 4a.’ Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons (91/477/EEC) [current to 2008 amendments].Brussels:Council of the European Communities,18 June. (Q2407)Full Citation

85.

European Council.1991.‘Article 5.’ Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons (91/477/EEC) [current to 2008 amendments].Brussels:Council of the European Communities,18 June. (Q2409)Full Citation

86.

European Council.1991.‘Article 10.’ Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons (91/477/EEC) [current to 2008 amendments].Brussels:Council of the European Communities,18 June. (Q2413)Full Citation

87.

Hungary.2016.‘Record Keeping.’ National Report of Hungary on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Hungary to the United Nations,1 January. (Q12800)Full Citation

88.

Hungary.2010.‘Marking, Record Keeping and Tracing.’ National Report of Hungary on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Hungary to the United Nations,25 February. (Q4556)Full Citation

89.

European Council.1991.‘Article 4.’ Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons (91/477/EEC) [current to 2008 amendments].Brussels:Council of the European Communities,18 June. (Q2406)Full Citation

90.

Hungary.2008.‘Procedures on Licensing of Production, Export-Import Tracing and Brokering Activities - Marking.’ National Report of Hungary on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Hungary to the United Nations,28 March. (Q4554)Full Citation

91.

Hungary.2018.‘Manufacture.’ National Report of Hungary on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Hungary to the United Nations,1 January. (Q13755)Full Citation

92.

Hungary.2010.‘Stockpile Management and Security.’ National Report of Hungary on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Hungary to the United Nations,25 February. (Q4555)Full Citation

93.

Hungary.2016.‘Stockpile Management.’ National Report of Hungary on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Hungary to the United Nations,1 January. (Q12799)Full Citation

94.

European Council.1991.‘Article 4.’ Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons (91/477/EEC) [current to 2008 amendments].Brussels:Council of the European Communities,18 June. (Q2405)Full Citation

95.

European Parliament.2007.‘Roll-call Vote: EU Firearms Directive.’ Legislative Resolution on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons.Brussels:VoteWatch.eu,29 November. (Q1346)Full Citation

96.

EU Parliament.2007.‘Draft Legislative Resolution on the EU Parliament Firearms Directive 2007.’ Report on the proposal for a directive of the European Parliament and of the Council amending Council Directive 91/477/EEC on control of the acquisition and possession of weapons.Brussels:European Parliament,12 July. (Q1970)Full Citation

97.

Saferworld.2010.‘EU Arms Transfer Reporting Database.’ Saferworld European Union Arms Transfer Reporting Database.London:Saferworld,9 December. (Q3364)Full Citation

98.

GDAV.2006.‘Geneva Declaration.’ Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development.Geneva:Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development Secretariat,7 June. (Q7162)Full Citation

99.

UNODA.2013.‘Towards Entry Into Force.’ Arms Trade Treaty.New York, NY:United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,2 April. (Q7226)Full Citation

100.

UNGA.2001.‘United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition.’ UN General Assembly Resolution 55/255.New York, NY:UN General Assembly,31 May. (Q17)Full Citation

101.

UNGA.2001.‘Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects.’ United Nations General Assembly.New York, NY:UN General Assembly,20 July. (Q18)Full Citation

102.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘Findings - Table 3: Reporting States by Rank and Score.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 August. (Q8752)Full Citation

103.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘What do the PoAIM Scores Represent? How Should the PoAIM Scores Be Interpreted?.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 August. (Q8753)Full Citation

104.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘Point Allocation System.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 August. (Q8754)Full Citation

105.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘Introduction.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 August. (Q8755)Full Citation

106.

Cattaneo, Silvia and Sarah Parker.2008.‘Reporting, NPCs and NCAs, 2002 to 2008.’ Implementing the United Nations Programme of Action on Small Arms and Light Weapons: Analysis of the National Reports submitted by States from 2002 to 2008.Geneva:United Nations Development Programme,1 November. (Q20)Full Citation

107.

UNODA.2018.‘PoA-ISS Country Profiles.’ UN small arms Programme of Action (UNPoA) - Implementation Support System.New York, NY:United Nations Office of Disarmament Affairs,23 July. (Q1309)Full Citation

108.

IANSA.2006.‘Reviewing Action on Small Arms 2006: Assessing the first five years of the UN Programme of Action.’ Biting the Bullet 'Red Book' 2006.New York, NY:International Action Network on Small Arms and the Biting the Bullet project,26 June. (Q166)Full Citation

109.

UNODA.2011.‘National Reports on Small Arms Exports.’ United Nations Register of Conventional Arms - The Global Reported Arms Trade.New York, NY:United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,21 October. (Q14)Full Citation

110.

UN.2013.‘Member States of the United Nations.’ UN.org Web Site.New York, NY:United Nations General Assembly,7 April. (Q290)Full Citation

111.

Wassenaar Arrangement.1996.‘Introduction: Participating States.’ Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies.Vienna:Wassenaar Secretariat,12 July. (Q19)Full Citation

112.

United Nations.2017.‘Relevant Targets & Indicators.’ Sustainable Development Goal 16.New York NY:United Nations Statistics Division,6 July. (Q14093)Full Citation

113.

UNODC.2020.‘Arms Seized, Found, and Surrendered, by Type.’ Illicit Arms Flows Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,7 January. (Q14056)Full Citation

114.

Hungary.2013.‘Confiscation and Seizure.’ National Report of Hungary on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Hungary to the United Nations,17 December. (Q12802)Full Citation

115.

Hungary.2012.‘Confiscation and Seizure.’ National Report of Hungary on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Hungary to the United Nations,1 January. (Q12804)Full Citation

116.

Hungary.2012.‘Destruction.’ National Report of Hungary on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Hungary to the United Nations,1 January. (Q12803)Full Citation

117.

European Council.1991.‘Article 4.’ Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons (91/477/EEC) [current to 2008 amendments].Brussels:Council of the European Communities,18 June. (Q2404)Full Citation

118.

Hungary.2016.‘International Tracing.’ National Report of Hungary on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Hungary to the United Nations,1 January. (Q12801)Full Citation

119.

IANSA.2006.‘Reviewing Action on Small Arms 2006: Assessing the first five years of the UN Programme of Action.’ Biting the Bullet 'Red Book' 2006.New York, NY:International Action Network on Small Arms and the Biting the Bullet project,26 June. (Q323)Full Citation