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Honduras — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Honduras is

2017: 1,171,0001
2016: 1,000,0002
2012: 850,0003 4 5 6

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Honduras is

2017: 14.101
2016: 11.247
2012: 9.93 4

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Honduras ranked at No. 818

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Honduras ranked at No. 884

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Honduras is reported to be

2017: 475,0001
2016: 450,0009
2012: 280,30510
2011: 258,00011 5
2008: 208,80112
2007: 190,72213
2006: 151,00314 15 6

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in Honduras is

2016: 5.067
2012: 3.38
2011: 3.17
2008: 2.72
2007: 2.54
2006: 2.1514 7

Estimated Number of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms

Unregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,16 but in Honduras there are estimated to be between 420,000 and 900,00010 17 5 6 2

Estimated Rate of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

Unregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,16 but in Honduras the rate of such firearms per 100 people is estimated to be between 5.06 and 10.857

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Honduras are reported to have 107,72018 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Honduras are reported to have 29,00019 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Honduras, annual homicides by any means total

2018: 3,73320
2017: 3,866
2016: 5,15021
2015: 5,148
2014: 5,936
2013: 6,75722
2012: 7,172
2011: 7,104
2010: 6,239
2009: 5,265
2008: 4,473
2007: 3,262
2006: 3,002
2005: 2,217
2004: 3,63923 24 25 26
2003: 4,073
2002: 3,623
2001: 3,488
2000: 3,176
1999: 2,56324

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Honduras, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2018: 40.6520
2017: 42.77
2016: 57.91
2015: 58.86
2014: 69.03
2013: 79.98
2012: 86.44
2011: 87.23
2010: 78.09
2009: 67.21
2008: 58.27
2007: 43.40
2006: 40.81
2005: 30.82
2004: 53.823 24 25 26
2003: 61.4
2002: 55.8
2001: 54.8
2000: 50.9
1999: 42.124
1995: 28.8027

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Honduras, annual male homicides by any means total

2018: 3,34820
2017: 3,470
2016: 4,680
2015: 4,668
2014: 5,398
2013: 6,121
2012: 6,566
2011: 6,592
2010: 5,854
2009: 4,902
2008: 4,160
2007: 2,967
2006: 2,800
2005: 2,042

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Honduras, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2018: 72.4020
2017: 76.24
2016: 104.53
2015: 106.03
2014: 124.75
2013: 143.99
2012: 157.32
2011: 160.94
2010: 145.71
2009: 124.46
2008: 107.82
2007: 78.55
2006: 75.77
2005: 56.52

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Honduras, annual female homicides by any means total

2018: 38320
2017: 388
2016: 468
2015: 478
2014: 526
2013: 636
2012: 606
2011: 512
2010: 384
2009: 363
2008: 313
2007: 295
2006: 202
2005: 175

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Honduras, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2018: 8.4020
2017: 8.65
2016: 10.60
2015: 11
2014: 12.31
2013: 15.15
2012: 14.70
2011: 12.65
2010: 9.67
2009: 9.32
2008: 8.20
2007: 7.89
2006: 5.52
2005: 4.89

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Honduras, annual firearm homicides total

2018: 2,63120
2017: 2,720
2016: 3,879
2015: 3,867
2014: 4,626
2013: 5,626
2012: 5,980
2011: 6,009
2010: 5,201
2009: 4,288
2008: 3,514
2007: 2,69224 28
2006: 2,359
2005: 1,836
1999: 1,67729
1998: 2,000
1997: 2,182
1996: 1,655
1995: 1,504

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Honduras, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2018: 28.6520
2017: 30.09
2016: 43.62
2015: 44.21
2014: 53.80
2013: 66.59
2012: 72.08
2011: 73.79
2010: 65.10
2009: 54.74
2008: 45.78
2007: 37.624 28 26
2006: 33.624 28
2005: 26.7
1999: 27.097
1998: 33.12
1997: 37.14
1996: 28.97
1995: 27.10

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Honduras, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2015: 74%30 31
2013: 83%32
2012: 83%32 33
2011: 85%32 23 30
2010: 84%32 23
2009: 81%23
2008: 79%
2007: 75.0%24
2006: 78.2%
2005: 76.0%

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Honduras, annual suicides by any means total

2018: 40420
2017: 396
2016: 303
2015: 330
2014: 261
2013: 282
2012: 322
2011: 316
2010: 324
2009: 422
2008: 316
2005: 25413

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Honduras, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2018: 4.4020
2017: 4.38
2016: 3.41
2015: 3.77
2014: 3.04
2013: 3.34
2012: 3.88
2011: 3.88
2010: 4.06
2009: 5.39
2008: 4.12
2005: 3.53

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Honduras, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2013: 634
2012: 39
2011: 25
2010: 13
2009: 3
2008: 1

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Honduras, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0734
2012: 0.47
2011: 0.31
2010: 0.16
2009: 0.04
2008: 0.01

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Honduras, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2013: 534
2012: 34
2011: 24
2010: 12
2009: 3

Rate of Unintentional Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Honduras, the annual rate of unintentional male shooting death per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.1234
2012: 0.81
2011: 0.59
2010: 0.30
2009: 0.08

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Honduras, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2013: 134
2012: 5
2011: 1
2010: 1
2008: 1

Rate of Unintentional Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Honduras, the annual rate of unintentional female shooting death per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0234
2012: 0.12
2011: 0.02
2010: 0.03
2008: 0.03

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Honduras, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2013: 2334
2012: 13
2011: 43
2010: 56
2009: 62
2008: 35

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Honduras, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.2734
2012: 0.16
2011: 0.53
2010: 0.70
2009: 0.79
2008: 0.46

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Honduras, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2013: 2134
2012: 12
2011: 39
2010: 51
2009: 57
2008: 34

Rate of Male Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Honduras, the annual rate of unknown-cause male shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.4934
2012: 0.29
2011: 0.95
2010: 1.27
2009: 1.45
2008: 0.88

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Honduras, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2013: 234
2012: 1
2011: 4
2010: 5
2009: 5
2008: 1

Rate of Female Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Honduras, the annual rate of unknown-cause female shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0534
2012: 0.02
2011: 0.10
2010: 0.13
2009: 0.13
2008: 0.03

Non-fatal Gun Injuries

ChartIn Honduras, the annual number of non-fatal firearm injuries is

1999: 1,24429
1998: 1,427
1997: 2,009
1996: 1,130
1995: 1,235

Rate of Non-fatal Gun Injury per 100,000 People

ChartIn Honduras, the annual rate of non-fatal firearm injury per 100,000 population is

1999: 20.097
1998: 23.63
1997: 34.20
1996: 19.78
1995: 22.25

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Honduras, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence,35 36 37 but is not conducted in practice38 13

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Honduras, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law39 40 41 42

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Honduras is reported by Customs to be US$5,78043 (2011)

Firearm Imports

In Honduras, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law35 44 45 46 40 41 13 42

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Honduras is reported by Customs to be US$13,057,90643 (2011)47

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Honduras is high48

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Honduras, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are regulated by law49 42 50

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Honduras include39 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Honduras is categorised as permissive51

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Honduras includes the Act on the Control of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials (Decree 30 of 2000),52 41 its Regulation (Executive Agreement No. MD-004-2005), and the Regulation of La Armeria [the Armoury] (Resolution No. 921 of August 30, 1984)5 46

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Honduras are regulated by the Ministry of Defence, the Ministry of Security,53 54 and the Police55 56 13

Right to Possess Firearms

In Honduras, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by the Constitution,57 58 59 but is conditionally guaranteed in statute law60 61

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Honduras, civilians are not allowed to possess automatic weapons, home-made firearms, armour-piercing ammunition,62 63 long guns with shortened barrels,64 and military explosives65

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Honduras, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited62 33

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Honduras, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted under licence66

Regulation of Handguns

In Honduras, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence66 67 33

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Honduras, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law66 33

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Honduras, only licensed gun owners61 60 68 69 70 71 54 33 5 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Honduras is 18 years60 72

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Honduras must pass a background check which considers undefined61 33 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Honduras, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required73

Partner to be Advised or Interviewed

In Honduras, licensing authorities are not required73 to conduct interviews with, or to advise an applicant's spouse, partner, or next of kin before issuing a gun licence

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Honduras does not stipulate73 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Honduras, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is not required73 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Honduras, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every four years74 54

Licensing Records

In Honduras, authorities maintain a record55 75 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Honduras are permitted to possess up to five firearms68 72 61 54

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Honduras are permitted to possess any quantity of ammunition73

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Honduras, the law requires55 68 71 75 54 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Honduras, licensed firearm dealers are required68 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Honduras, State agencies are required76 75 77 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Honduras, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited unless registered in the National Firearms Register78 79

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Honduras, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful35 49 68 80 45

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In Honduras, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is undetermined73

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Honduras, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are not regulated73 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Honduras do not include73 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Honduras do not include73 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Honduras include76 77 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Honduras do not include73 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Honduras, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law61 81 75 54

Firearm Tracing

In Honduras, state authorities carry out75 54 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Honduras, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are55 68 61 13 recorded in a register

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Honduras, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law82 61 83 33

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Honduras, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is prohibited82 61 83 33

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Honduras, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit82 61 83 33

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Honduras, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm84 is seizure of the firearm and a fine70 85 86 87 88 89 90

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in Honduras are known to have54 91 92 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Surrendered in Gun Amnesty

In Honduras, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered in recent arms amnesty and collection programmes is reported to be 17,88393 (1989-2002 with Nicaragua)

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn Honduras, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2015: 2,33094
2014: 3,29594 95
2013: 3,36896
2012: 2,15397 98
2011: 952
2010: 1,43399
2009: 1,455100
2006/08: 14,85012
2004: 2,717101
2003: 2,46713 5
2000/06: 2,632

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn Honduras, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2014: 5,000102
2013: 3,000103
2008: 2,00012
2007: 13,680104

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Honduras, it is not state policy70 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

Central American Integration System

As a member of the Central American Integration System (SICA), Honduras is party to the 2007 Central American Programme on Small Arms Control and the Code of Conduct of Central American States on the Transfer of Arms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Material105

Organization of American States

On 14 November 1997, as a member of the Organisation of American States (OAS), Honduras adopted the Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Explosives, Ammunition and Other Related Materials (CIFTA), a legally binding multilateral treaty of which the OAS is depository. The CIFTA Convention has since been signed and ratified106 107 by Honduras

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 2006108 by Honduras.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed, but not yet ratified109 by Honduras

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified110 by Honduras

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Honduras committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects111

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Honduras against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 85112 113 114 115 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Honduras has submitted one or more national reports116 117 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Honduras, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated118 117

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Honduras, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated117

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated117 by Honduras to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided117 to Honduras by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Honduras has not declared119 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Honduras has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1945120

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list121 Honduras as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Honduras, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Honduras ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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