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Hawaii — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

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StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Proportion of Adults Living in a Home With a Gun

ChartIn Hawaii, the percentage of adults living in a household with a firearm is reported to be

2004: 10.0%1
2002: 9.7%2
2001: 8.7%3

Proportion of Households with Firearms

In Hawaii, the percentage of households with one or more guns is reported to be

2004: 11.59%4

Proportion of Households with Firearms by Decade

ChartIn Hawaii, the percentage of households with one or more guns is estimated to be

2001/2010: 20.3%5 6
1991/2000: 26.9%
1981/1990: 30.3%

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Hawaii, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2019: 627
2018: 59
2017: 39
2016: 66
2015: 55
2014: 40
2013: 38
2012: 51
2011: 49
2010: 45
2009: 47
2008: 41
2007: 36
2006: 33
2005: 28
2004: 41
2003: 37
2002: 36
2001: 47
2000: 52
1999: 42

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hawaii, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2019: 4.387
2018: 4.15
2017: 2.73
2016: 4.62
2015: 3.84
2014: 2.82
2013: 2.71
2012: 3.66
2011: 3.56
2010: 3.31
2009: 3.49
2008: 3.08
2007: 2.74
2006: 2.52
2005: 2.17
2004: 3.22
2003: 2.96
2002: 2.90
2001: 3.83
2000: 4.29
1999: 3.47

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Hawaii, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2019: 567
2018: 49
2017: 34
2016: 53
2015: 53
2014: 37
2013: 31
2012: 47
2011: 43
2010: 38
2009: 41
2008: 34
2007: 33
2006: 27
2005: 23
2004: 36
2003: 31
2002: 30
2001: 40
2000: 46
1999: 39

Rate of Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hawaii, the annual rate of male gun death per 100,000 population is

2019: 7.917
2018: 6.89
2017: 4.75
2016: 7.39
2015: 7.31
2014: 5.15
2013: 4.37
2012: 6.70
2011: 6.23
2010: 5.58
2009: 6.09
2008: 5.10
2007: 5.01
2006: 4.11
2005: 3.55
2004: 5.65
2003: 4.94
2002: 4.81
2001: 6.49
2000: 7.56
1999: 6.41

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Hawaii, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2019: 67
2018: 10
2017: 5
2016: 13
2015: 2
2014: 3
2013: 7
2012: 4
2011: 6
2010: 7
2009: 6
2008: 7
2007: 3
2006: 6
2005: 5
2004: 5
2003: 6
2002: 6
2001: 7
2000: 6
1999: 3

Rate of Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hawaii, the annual rate of female gun death per 100,000 population is

2019: 0.857
2018: 1.41
2017: 0.70
2016: 1.83
2015: 0.28
2014: 0.43
2013: 1.01
2012: 0.58
2011: 0.88
2010: 1.03
2009: 0.89
2008: 1.05
2007: 0.46
2006: 0.92
2005: 0.78
2004: 0.79
2003: 0.96
2002: 0.97
2001: 1.15
2000: 1
1999: 0.50

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Hawaii, annual homicides by any means total

2019: 357
2018: 40
2017: 33
2016: 39
2015: 31
2014: 28
2013: 338
2012: 22
2011: 16
2010: 24
2009: 23
2008: 27
2007: 23
2006: 28
2005: 25
2004: 31
2003: 20
2002: 38
2001: 32
2000: 35
1999: 38

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Hawaii, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2019: 2.477
2018: 2.82
2017: 2.31
2016: 2.73
2015: 2.17
2014: 1.97
2013: 2.35
2012: 1.58
2011: 1.16
2010: 1.76
2009: 1.71
2008: 2.03
2007: 1.75
2006: 2.14
2005: 1.93
2004: 2.43
2003: 1.60
2002: 3.07
2001: 2.61
2000: 2.89
1999: 3.14

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Hawaii, annual male homicides by any means total

2019: 257
2018: 30
2017: 24
2016: 26
2015: 22
2014: 20
2013: 23
2012: 18
2011: 12
2010: 9
2009: 13
2008: 18
2007: 13
2006: 16
2005: 18
2004: 24
2003: 13
2002: 25
2001: 21
2000: 22
1999: 27

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Hawaii, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2019: 3.537
2018: 4.22
2017: 3.35
2016: 3.62
2015: 3.03
2014: 2.79
2013: 3.24
2012: 2.56
2011: 1.74
2010: 1.32
2009: 1.93
2008: 2.70
2007: 1.97
2006: 2.43
2005: 2.78
2004: 3.77
2003: 2.07
2002: 4.01
2001: 3.40
2000: 3.61
1999: 4.44

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Hawaii, annual female homicides by any means total

2019: 107
2018: 10
2017: 9
2016: 13
2015: 9
2014: 8
2013: 10
2012: 4
2011: 4
2010: 15
2009: 10
2008: 9
2007: 10
2006: 12
2005: 7
2004: 7
2003: 7
2002: 13
2001: 11
2000: 13
1999: 11

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Hawaii, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2019: 1.417
2018: 1.41
2017: 1.27
2016: 1.83
2015: 1.27
2014: 1.14
2013: 1.44
2012: 0.58
2011: 0.58
2010: 2.21
2009: 1.49
2008: 1.35
2007: 1.52
2006: 1.84
2005: 1.09
2004: 1.10
2003: 1.12
2002: 2.11
2001: 1.81
2000: 2.16
1999: 1.83

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Hawaii, annual firearm homicides total

2019: 147
2018: 20
2017: 0
2016: 22
2015: 0 (suppressed)
2014: 0 (suppressed)
2013: 0 (suppressed)8
2012: 0 (suppressed)
2011: 0 (suppressed)
2010: 0 (suppressed)
2009: 10
2008: 11
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 0
2004: 0
2003: 10
2002: 15
2001: 0
2000: 0
1999: 19

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hawaii, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2019: 0.997
2018: 1.41
2017: 0
2016: 1.54
2015: 0
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0.74
2008: 0.83
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 0
2004: 0
2003: 0.80
2002: 1.21
2001: 0
2000: 0
1999: 1.57

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Hawaii, annual male firearm homicides total

2019: 127
2018: 14
2017: 0
2016: 14
2015: 0
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 0
2004: 0
2003: 0
2002: 12
2001: 0
2000: 0
1999: 16

Rate of Male Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hawaii, the annual rate of male firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2019: 1.697
2018: 1.97
2017: 0
2016: 1.95
2015: 0
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 0
2004: 0
2003: 0
2002: 1.92
2001: 0
2000: 0
1999: 2.63

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Hawaii, annual female firearm homicides total

2019: 27
2018: 6
2017: 0
2016: 8
2015: 0 (suppressed)
2014: 0 (suppressed)
2013: 0 (suppressed)
2012: 0 (suppressed)
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 0
2004: 0
2003: 0
2002: 3
2001: 0
2000: 0
1999: 3

Rate of Female Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hawaii, the annual rate of female firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2019: 0.287
2018: 0.85
2017: 0
2016: 1.13
2015: 0
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 0
2004: 0
2003: 0
2002: 0.49
2001: 0
2000: 0
1999: 0.50

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn Hawaii, according to figures9 from the US Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), annual handgun homicides total

2019: 510 11
2018: 6
2017: 1
2016: 12
2015: 1
2014: 1
2013: 1
2012: 3
2011: 0
2010: 6
2009: 4
2008: 7
2007: 3
2006: 5
2005: 0
2004: 3
2003: 4
2002: 6
2001: 5
2000: 4
1999: 20
1998: 4
1997: 10
1996: 10
1995: 19

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hawaii, according to figures12 from the US Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2019: 0.3510 11
2018: 0.42
2017: 0.07
2016: 0.84
2015: 0.07
2014: 0.07
2013: 0.07
2012: 0.22
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.44
2009: 0.30
2008: 0.53
2007: 0.23
2006: 0.38
2005: 0.00
2004: 0.24
2003: 0.32
2002: 0.48
2001: 0.41
2000: 0.33
1999: 1.65
1998: 0.33
1997: 0.83
1996: 0.83
1995: 1.59

Handgun Homicides (CDC)

ChartIn Hawaii, according to Centers for Disease Control (CDC) figures, annual handgun homicides total

2019: 07
2018: 0
2017: 0
2016: 0 (suppressed)
2015: 0 (suppressed)
2014: 0 (suppressed)
2013: 0 (suppressed) 11
2012: 0 (suppressed)
2011: 0 (suppressed)
2010: 0 (suppressed)
2009: 0 (suppressed)
2008: 0 (suppressed)
2007: 0 (suppressed)
2006: 0 (suppressed)
2005: 0 (suppressed)
2004: 0 (suppressed)
2003: 0 (suppressed)
2002: 0 (suppressed)
2001: 0 (suppressed)
2000: 0 (suppressed)
1999: 0 (suppressed)

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People (CDC)

ChartIn Hawaii, according to Centers for Disease Control (CDC) figures, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2019: 07
2018: 0
2017: 0
2016: 0
2015: 0
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 0
2004: 0
2003: 0
2002: 0
2001: 0
2000: 0
1999: 0

Male Handgun Homicide Victims (CDC)

ChartIn Hawaii, according to Centers for Disease Control (CDC) figures, annual male handgun homicides total

2019: 07
2018: 0
2017: 0
2016: 0
2015: 0
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 0
2004: 0
2003: 0
2002: 0
2001: 0
2000: 0
1999: 0

Rate of Male Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People (CDC)

ChartIn Hawaii, according to Centers for Disease Control (CDC) figures, the annual rate of male handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2019: 07
2018: 0
2017: 0
2016: 0
2015: 0
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 0
2004: 0
2003: 0
2002: 0
2001: 0
2000: 0
1999: 0

Female Handgun Homicide Victims (CDC)

ChartIn Hawaii, according to Centers for Disease Control (CDC) figures, annual female handgun homicides total

2019: 07
2018: 0
2017: 0
2016: 0
2015: 0
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 0
2004: 0
2003: 0
2002: 0
2001: 0
2000: 0
1999: 0

Rate of Female Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People (CDC)

ChartIn Hawaii, according to Centers for Disease Control (CDC) figures, the annual rate of female handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2019: 07
2018: 0
2017: 0
2016: 0
2015: 0
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 0
2004: 0
2003: 0
2002: 0
2001: 0
2000: 0
1999: 0

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn Hawaii, according to figures13 from the US Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), annual long gun homicides total

2019: 010 11
2018: 1
2017: 1
2016: 5
2015: 1
2014: 0
2013: 4
2012: 0
2011: 1
2010: 0
2009: 3
2008: 3
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 1
2004: 2
2003: 4
2002: 4
2001: 2
2000: 3
1999: 1
1998: 2
1997: 3
1996: 5
1995: 6

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hawaii, according to figures14 from the US Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2019: 010 11
2018: 0.07
2017: 0.07
2016: 0.35
2015: 0.07
2014: 0.00
2013: 0.28
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.07
2010: 0.00
2009: 0.22
2008: 0.23
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2005: 0.08
2004: 0.16
2003: 0.32
2002: 0.32
2001: 0.16
2000: 0.25
1999: 0.08
1998: 0.16
1997: 0.25
1996: 0.42
1995: 0.50

Long Gun Homicides (CDC)

ChartIn Hawaii, according to Centers for Disease Control (CDC) figures, annual long gun homicides total

2019: 07
2018: 0
2017: 0
2016: 0 (suppressed)
2015: 0 (suppressed)
2014: 0 (suppressed)
2013: 0 (suppressed) 11
2012: 0 (suppressed)
2011: 0 (suppressed)
2010: 0 (suppressed)
2009: 0 (suppressed)
2008: 0 (suppressed)
2007: 0 (suppressed)
2006: 0 (suppressed)
2005: 0 (suppressed)
2004: 0 (suppressed)
2003: 0 (suppressed)
2002: 0 (suppressed)
2001: 0 (suppressed)
2000: 0 (suppressed)
1999: 0 (suppressed)

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People (CDC)

ChartIn Hawaii, according to Centers for Disease Control (CDC) figures, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2019: 07
2018: 0
2017: 0
2016: 0
2015: 0
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 0
2004: 0
2003: 0
2002: 0
2001: 0
2000: 0
1999: 0

Male Long Gun Homicide Victims (CDC)

ChartIn Hawaii, according to Centers for Disease Control (CDC) figures, annual male long gun homicides total

2019: 07
2018: 0
2017: 0
2016: 0
2015: 0
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 0
2004: 0
2003: 0
2002: 0
2001: 0
2000: 0
1999: 0

Rate of Male Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People (CDC)

ChartIn Hawaii, according to Centers for Disease Control (CDC) figures, the annual rate of male long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2019: 07
2018: 0
2017: 0
2016: 0
2015: 0
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 0
2004: 0
2003: 0
2002: 0
2001: 0
2000: 0
1999: 0

Female Long Gun Homicide Victims (CDC)

ChartIn Hawaii, according to Centers for Disease Control (CDC) figures, annual female long gun homicides total

2019: 07
2018: 0
2017: 0
2016: 0
2015: 0
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 0
2004: 0
2003: 0
2002: 0
2001: 0
2000: 0
1999: 0

Rate of Female Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People (CDC)

ChartIn Hawaii, according to Centers for Disease Control (CDC) figures, the annual rate of female long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2019: 07
2018: 0
2017: 0
2016: 0}
2015: 0
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 0
2004: 0
2003: 0
2002: 0
2001: 0
2000: 0
1999: 0

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn Hawaii, according to figures15 from the US Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), annual firearm homicides (other) total

2019: 410 11
2018: 4
2017: 2
2016: 2
2015: 2
2014: 0
2013: 1
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 1
2009: 1
2008: 1
2007: 0
2006: 2
2005: 1
2004: 1
2003: 0
2002: 0
2001: 0
1999: 1
1997: 2
1996: 1

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hawaii, according to figures16 from the US Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), the annual rate of firearm homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2019: 0.2210 11
2018: 0.23
2017: 0.12
2016: 0.14
2015: 0.14
2014: 0
2013: 0.07
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 0.75
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.15
2005: 0.08
2004: 0.08
2003: 0.00
2002: 0.00
2001: 0.00
1999: 0.08
1997: 0.17
1996: 0.08

Gun Homicides (Other) (CDC)

ChartIn Hawaii, according to Centers for Disease Control (CDC) figures, annual firearm homicides (other) total

2019: 147
2018: 19
2017: 0
2016: 20
2015: 0 (suppressed)
2014: 0 (suppressed)
2013: 0 (suppressed) 11
2012: 0 (suppressed)
2011: 0 (suppressed)
2010: 0 (suppressed)
2009: 0 (suppressed)
2008: 10
2007: 0 (suppressed)
2006: 0 (suppressed)
2005: 0 (suppressed)
2004: 0 (suppressed)
2003: 0 (suppressed)
2002: 13
2001: 0 (suppressed)
2000: 0 (suppressed)
1999: 18

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People (CDC)

ChartIn Hawaii, according to Centers for Disease Control (CDC) figures, the annual rate of firearm homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2019: 0.997
2018: 1.34
2017: 0
2016: 1.40
2015: 0
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 0.75
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 0
2004: 0
2003: 0
2002: 1.05
2001: 0
2000: 0
1999: 1.49

Male Gun Homicide Victims (Other) (CDC)

ChartIn Hawaii, according to Centers for Disease Control (CDC) figures, annual male firearm homicides (other) total

2019: 127
2018: 14
2017: 0
2016: 13
2015: 0
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 0
2004: 0
2003: 0
2002: 10
2001: 0
2000: 0
1999: 15

Rate of Male Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People (CDC)

ChartIn Hawaii, according to Centers for Disease Control (CDC) figures, the annual rate of male firearm homicides (other) per 100,000 population is

2019: 1.697
2018: 1.97
2017: 0
2016: 1.81
2015: 0
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 0
2004: 0
2003: 0
2002: 1.60
2001: 0
2000: 0
1999: 2.47

Female Gun Homicide Victims (Other) (CDC)

ChartIn Hawaii, according to Centers for Disease Control (CDC) figures, annual female firearm homicides (other) total

2019: 27
2018: 5
2017: 0
2016: 7
2015: 0
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 0
2004: 0
2003: 0
2002: 3
2001: 0
2000: 0
1999: 3

Rate of Female Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People (CDC)

ChartIn Hawaii, according to Centers for Disease Control (CDC) figures, the annual rate of female firearm homicides (other) per 100,000 population is

2019: 0.287
2018: 0.70
2017: 0
2016: 0.98
2015: 0
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 0
2004: 0
2003: 0
2002: 0.49
2001: 0
2000: 0
1999: 0.50

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Hawaii, annual suicides by any means total

2019: 2247
2018: 176
2017: 227
2016: 174
2015: 201
2014: 204
2013: 1718
2012: 190
2011: 180
2010: 207
2009: 174
2008: 133
2007: 133
2006: 120
2005: 107
2004: 116
2003: 130
2002: 120
2001: 136
2000: 137
1999: 136

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Hawaii, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2019: 15.827
2018: 12.39
2017: 15.90
2016: 12.18
2015: 14.04
2014: 14.37
2013: 12.18
2012: 13.65
2011: 13.09
2010: 15.22
2009: 12.92
2008: 9.98
2007: 10.11
2006: 9.16
2005: 8.28
2004: 9.11
2003: 10.39
2002: 9.68
2001: 11.09
2000: 11.31
1999: 11.24

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Hawaii, annual male suicides by any means total

2019: 1827
2018: 136
2017: 169
2016: 145
2015: 158
2014: 163
2013: 131
2012: 151
2011: 142
2010: 159
2009: 137
2008: 93
2007: 101
2006: 88
2005: 74
2004: 90
2003: 97
2002: 94
2001: 103
2000: 111
1999: 107

Rate of Male Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Hawaii, the annual rate of male suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2019: 25.707
2018: 19.13
2017: 23.60
2016: 20.21
2015: 21.78
2014: 22.70
2013: 18.46
2012: 21.51
2011: 20.59
2010: 23.34
2009: 20.34
2008: 13.95
2007: 15.34
2006: 13.39
2005: 11.42
2004: 14.14
2003: 15.46
2002: 15.08
2001: 16.70
2000: 18.24
1999: 17.59

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Hawaii, annual female suicides by any means total

2019: 427
2018: 40
2017: 58
2016: 29
2015: 43
2014: 41
2013: 40
2012: 39
2011: 38
2010: 48
2009: 37
2008: 40
2007: 32
2006: 32
2005: 33
2004: 26
2003: 33
2002: 26
2001: 33
2000: 26
1999: 29

Rate of Female Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Hawaii, the annual rate of female suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2019: 5.937
2018: 5.64
2017: 8.15
2016: 4.08
2015: 6.09
2014: 5.84
2013: 5.76
2012: 5.65
2011: 5.55
2010: 7.07
2009: 5.50
2008: 6.01
2007: 4.87
2006: 4.91
2005: 5.12
2004: 4.08
2003: 5.29
2002: 4.22
2001: 5.42
2000: 4.31
1999: 4.82

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Hawaii, annual firearm suicides total

2019: 417
2018: 30
2017: 30
2016: 37
2015: 44
2014: 33
2013: 28
2012: 43
2011: 42
2010: 37
2009: 36
2008: 28
2007: 27
2006: 21
2005: 22
2004: 31
2003: 24
2002: 21
2001: 31
2000: 37
1999: 23

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hawaii, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2019: 2.907
2018: 2.11
2017: 2.10
2016: 2.59
2015: 3.07
2014: 2.32
2013: 1.99
2012: 3.09
2011: 3.05
2010: 2.72
2009: 2.67
2008: 2.10
2007: 2.05
2006: 1.60
2005: 1.70
2004: 2.43
2003: 1.92
2002: 1.69
2001: 2.53
2000: 3.05
1999: 1.90

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Hawaii, annual male firearm suicides total

2019: 377
2018: 26
2017: 25
2016: 32
2015: 42
2014: 30
2013: 25
2012: 41
2011: 37
2010: 35
2009: 34
2008: 25
2007: 24
2006: 18
2005: 17
2004: 28
2003: 22
2002: 18
2001: 27
2000: 35
1999: 23

Rate of Male Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hawaii, the annual rate of male firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2019: 5.237
2018: 3.66
2017: 3.49
2016: 4.46
2015: 5.79
2014: 4.18
2013: 3.52
2012: 5.84
2011: 5.36
2010: 5.14
2009: 5.05
2008: 3.75
2007: 3.64
2006: 2.74
2005: 2.62
2004: 4.40
2003: 3.51
2002: 2.89
2001: 4.38
2000: 5.75
1999: 3.78

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Hawaii, annual female firearm suicides total

2019: 47
2018: 4
2017: 5
2016: 5
2015: 2
2014: 3
2013: 3
2012: 2
2011: 5
2010: 2
2009: 2
2008: 3
2007: 3
2006: 3
2005: 5
2004: 3
2003: 2
2002: 3
2001: 4
2000: 2
1999: 0

Rate of Female Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hawaii, the annual rate of female firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2019: 0.577
2018: 0.56
2017: 0.70
2016: 0.70
2015: 0.28
2014: 0.43
2013: 0.43
2012: 0.29
2011: 0.73
2010: 0.29
2009: 0.30
2008: 0.45
2007: 0.46
2006: 0.46
2005: 0.78
2004: 0.47
2003: 0.32
2002: 0.49
2001: 0.66
2000: 0.33
1999: 0

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn Hawaii, annual handgun suicides total

2019: 07
2018: 0
2017: 0
2016: 0 (suppressed)
2015: 0 (suppressed)
2014: 0 (suppressed)
2013: 0 (suppressed)
2012: 0 (suppressed)
2011: 0 (suppressed)
2010: 0 (suppressed)
2009: 0 (suppressed)
2008: 0 (suppressed)
2007: 0 (suppressed)
2006: 0 (suppressed)
2005: 0 (suppressed)
2004: 0 (suppressed)
2003: 0 (suppressed)
2002: 0 (suppressed)
2001: 0 (suppressed)
2000: 0 (suppressed)
1999: 0 (suppressed)

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hawaii, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2019: 07
2018: 0
2017: 0
2016: 0
2015: 0
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 0
2004: 0
2003: 0
2002: 0
2001: 0
2000: 0
1999: 0

Male Handgun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Hawaii, annual male handgun suicides total

2019: 07
2018: 0
2017: 0
2016: 0
2015: 0
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 0
2004: 0
2003: 0
2002: 0
2001: 0
2000: 0
1999: 0

Rate of Male Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hawaii, the annual rate of male handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2019: 07
2018: 0
2017: 0
2016: 0
2015: 0
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 0
2004: 0
2003: 0
2002: 0
2001: 0
2000: 0
1999: 0

Female Handgun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Hawaii, annual female handgun suicides total

2019: 07
2018: 0
2017: 0
2016: 0 (suppressed)
2015: 0 (suppressed)
2014: 0 (suppressed)
2013: 0 (suppressed)
2012: 0 (suppressed)
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 0
2004: 0
2003: 0
2002: 0
2001: 0
2000: 0
1999: 0

Rate of Female Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hawaii, the annual rate of female handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2019: 07
2018: 0
2017: 07
2016: 07
2015: 0
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 0
2004: 0
2003: 0
2002: 0
2001: 0
2000: 0
1999: 0

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn Hawaii, the number of long gun suicides is

2019: 07
2018: 0
2017: 0
2016: 0 (suppressed)
2015: 0 (suppressed)
2014: 0 (suppressed)
2013: 0 (suppressed)
2012: 0 (suppressed)
2011: 0 (suppressed)
2010: 0 (suppressed)
2009: 0 (suppressed)
2008: 0 (suppressed)
2007: 0 (suppressed)
2006: 0 (suppressed)
2005: 0 (suppressed)
2004: 0 (suppressed)
2003: 0 (suppressed)
2002: 0 (suppressed)
2001: 0 (suppressed)
2000: 0 (suppressed)
1999: 0 (suppressed)

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hawaii, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2019: 07
2018: 0
2017: 0
2016: 0
2015: 0
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 0
2004: 0
2003: 0
2002: 0
2001: 0
2000: 0
1999: 0

Male Long Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Hawaii, annual male long gun suicides total

2019: 07
2018: 0
2017: 0
2016: 0
2015: 0
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 0
2004: 0
2003: 0
2002: 0
2001: 0
2000: 0
1999: 0

Rate of Male Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hawaii, the annual rate of male long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2019: 07
2018: 0
2017: 0
2016: 0
2015: 0
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 0
2004: 0
2003: 0
2002: 0
2001: 0
2000: 0
1999: 0

Female Long Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Hawaii, annual female long gun suicides total

2019: 07
2018: 0
2017: 0
2016: 0 (suppressed)
2015: 0 (suppressed)
2014: 0 (suppressed)
2013: 0 (suppressed)
2012: 0 (suppressed)
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 0
2004: 0
2003: 0
2002: 0
2001: 0
2000: 0
1999: 0

Rate of Female Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hawaii, the annual rate of female long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2019: 07
2018: 0
2017: 0
2016: 0
2015: 0
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 0
2004: 0
2003: 0
2002: 0
2001: 0
2000: 0
1999: 0

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn Hawaii, annual gun suicides (other) total

2019: 397
2018: 26
2017: 30
2016: 34
2015: 37
2014: 29
2013: 23
2012: 39
2011: 33
2010: 33
2009: 31
2008: 27
2007: 26
2006: 16
2005: 21
2004: 26
2003: 22
2002: 20
2001: 25
2000: 28
1999: 22

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hawaii, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2019: 2.757
2018: 1.83
2017: 2.10
2016: 2.38
2015: 2.58
2014: 2.04
2013: 1.64
2012: 2.80
2011: 2.40
2010: 2.43
2009: 2.30
2008: 2.03
2007: 1.98
2006: 1.22
2005: 1.62
2004: 2.04
2003: 1.76
2002: 1.61
2001: 2.04
2000: 2.31
1999: 1.82

Male Gun Suicide (Other) Victims

ChartIn Hawaii, annual male gun suicides (other) total

2019: 357
2018: 22
2017: 25
2016: 29
2015: 35
2014: 26
2013: 20
2012: 37
2011: 29
2010: 31
2009: 31
2008: 24
2007: 23
2006: 13
2005: 16
2004: 24
2003: 20
2002: 18
2001: 21
2000: 26
1999: 22

Rate of Male Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hawaii, the annual rate of male gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2019: 4.947
2018: 3.09
2017: 3.49
2016: 4.04
2015: 4.83
2014: 3.62
2013: 2.82
2012: 5.27
2011: 4.20
2010: 4.55
2009: 4.60
2008: 3.60
2007: 3.49
2006: 1.98
2005: 2.47
2004: 3.77
2003: 3.19
2002: 2.89
2001: 3.40
2000: 4.27
1999: 3.62

Female Gun Suicide (Other) Victims

ChartIn Hawaii, annual female gun suicides (other) total

2019: 47
2018: 4
2017: 5
2016: 5
2015: 2
2014: 3
2013: 3
2012: 2
2011: 4
2010: 2
2009: 0
2008: 3
2007: 3
2006: 3
2005: 5
2004: 2
2003: 2
2002: 2
2001: 4
2000: 2
1999: 0

Rate of Female Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hawaii, the annual rate of female gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2019: 0.577
2018: 0.56
2017: 0.70
2016: 0.70
2015: 0.28
2014: 0.43
2013: 0.43
2012: 0.29
2011: 0.58
2010: 0.29
2009: 0
2008: 0.45
2007: 0.46
2006: 0.46
2005: 0.78
2004: 0.31
2003: 0.32
2002: 0.32
2001: 0.66
2000: 0.33
1999: 0

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Hawaii, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2019: 07
2018: 0
2017: 0
2016: 0 (suppressed)
2015: 0 (suppressed)
2014: 0 (suppressed)
2013: 0 (suppressed)8
2012: 0 (suppressed)
2011: 0 (suppressed)
2010: 0 (suppressed)
2009: 0 (suppressed)
2008: 0 (suppressed)
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 0 (suppressed)
2004: 0 (suppressed)
2003: 0
2002: 0 (suppressed)
2001: 0
2000: 0
1999: 0 (suppressed)

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hawaii, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2019: 07
2018: 0
2017: 0
2016: 0
2015: 0
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 0
2004: 0
2003: 0
2002: 0
2001: 0
2000: 0
1999: 0

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Hawaii, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2019: 07
2018: 0
2017: 0
2016: 0
2015: 0
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 0
2004: 0
2003: 0
2002: 0
2001: 0
2000: 0
1999: 0

Rate of Unintentional Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hawaii, the annual rate of unintentional male shooting death per 100,000 population is

2019: 07
2018: 0
2017: 0
2016: 0
2015: 0
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 0
2004: 0
2003: 0
2002: 0
2001: 0
2000: 0
1999: 0

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Hawaii, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2019: 07
2018: 0
2017: 0
2016: 0 (suppressed)
2015: 0 (suppressed)
2014: 0 (suppressed)
2013: 0 (suppressed)
2012: 0 (suppressed)
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 0
2004: 0
2003: 0
2002: 0
2001: 0
2000: 0
1999: 0

Rate of Unintentional Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hawaii, the annual rate of unintentional female shooting death per 100,000 population is

2019: 07
2018: 0
2017: 0
2016: 0
2015: 0
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 0
2004: 0
2003: 0
2002: 0
2001: 0
2000: 0
1999: 0

Unintentional Handgun Deaths

ChartIn Hawaii, annual unintentional shooting deaths by handgun total

2019: 07
2018: 0
2017: 07
2016: 0 (suppressed)7
2015: 0 (suppressed)
2014: 0 (suppressed)
2013: 0 (suppressed)7
2012: 0 (suppressed)
2011: 0 (suppressed)
2010: 0 (suppressed)
2009: 0 (suppressed)
2008: 0 (suppressed)
2007: 0 (suppressed)
2006: 0 (suppressed)
2005: 0 (suppressed)
2004: 0 (suppressed)
2003: 0 (suppressed)
2002: 0 (suppressed)
2001: 0 (suppressed)
2000: 0 (suppressed)
1999: 0 (suppressed)

Rate of Unintentional Handgun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hawaii, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by handgun per 100,000 population is

2019: 07
2018: 0
2017: 0
2016: 0
2015: 0
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 0
2004: 0
2003: 0
2002: 0
2001: 0
2000: 0
1999: 0

Unintentional Male Handgun Deaths

ChartIn Hawaii, annual unintentional male shooting deaths by handgun total

2019: 07
2018: 0
2017: 0
2016: 0
2015: 0
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 0
2004: 0
2003: 0
2002: 0
2001: 0
2000: 0
1999: 0

Rate of Unintentional Male Handgun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hawaii, the annual rate of unintentional male shooting death by handgun per 100,000 population is

2019: 07
2018: 0
2017: 0
2016: 0
2015: 0
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 0
2004: 0
2003: 0
2002: 0
2001: 0
2000: 0
1999: 0

Unintentional Female Handgun Deaths

ChartIn Hawaii, annual unintentional female shooting deaths by handgun total

2019: 07
2018: 0
2017: 07
2016: 0 (suppressed)7
2015: 0 (suppressed)
2014: 0 (suppressed)
2013: 0 (suppressed)
2012: 0 (suppressed)
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 0
2004: 0
2003: 0
2002: 0
2001: 0
2000: 0
1999: 0

Rate of Unintentional Female Handgun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hawaii, the annual rate of unintentional female shooting death by handgun per 100,000 population is

2019: 07
2018: 0
2017: 07
2016: 07
2015: 0
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 0
2004: 0
2003: 0
2002: 0
2001: 0
2000: 0
1999: 0

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn Hawaii, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2019: 07
2018: 0
2017: 07
2016: 0 (suppressed)7
2015: 0 (suppressed)
2014: 0 (suppressed)
2013: 0 (suppressed)7
2012: 0 (suppressed)
2011: 0 (suppressed)
2010: 0 (suppressed)
2009: 0 (suppressed)
2008: 0 (suppressed)
2007: 0 (suppressed)
2006: 0 (suppressed)
2005: 0 (suppressed)
2004: 0 (suppressed)
2003: 0 (suppressed)
2002: 0 (suppressed)
2001: 0 (suppressed)
2000: 0 (suppressed)
1999: 0 (suppressed)

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hawaii, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2019: 07
2018: 0
2017: 0
2016: 0
2015: 0
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 0
2004: 0
2003: 0
2002: 0
2001: 0
2000: 0
1999: 0

Unintentional Male Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn Hawaii, annual unintentional male shooting deaths by long gun total

2019: 07
2018: 0
2017: 0
2016: 0
2015: 0
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 0
2004: 0
2003: 0
2002: 0
2001: 0
2000: 0
1999: 0

Rate of Unintentional Male Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hawaii, the annual rate of unintentional male shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2019: 07
2018: 0
2017: 0
2016: 0
2015: 0
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 0
2004: 0
2003: 0
2002: 0
2001: 0
2000: 0
1999: 0

Unintentional Female Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn Hawaii, annual unintentional female shooting deaths by long gun total

2019: 07
2018: 0
2017: 0
2016: 0 (suppressed)
2015: 0 (suppressed)
2014: 0 (suppressed)
2013: 0 (suppressed)
2012: 0 (suppressed)
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 0
2004: 0
2003: 0
2002: 0
2001: 0
2000: 0
1999: 0

Rate of Unintentional Female Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hawaii, the annual rate of unintentional female shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2019: 07
2018: 0
2017: 0
2016: 0
2015: 0
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 0
2004: 0
2003: 0
2002: 0
2001: 0
2000: 0
1999: 0

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn Hawaii, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2019: 07
2018: 0
2017: 0
2016: 0 (suppressed)
2015: 0 (suppressed)
2014: 0 (suppressed)
2013: 0 (suppressed)
2012: 0 (suppressed)
2011: 0 (suppressed)
2010: 0 (suppressed)
2009: 0 (suppressed)
2008: 0 (suppressed)
2007: 0 (suppressed)
2006: 0 (suppressed)
2005: 0 (suppressed)
2004: 0 (suppressed)
2003: 0 (suppressed)
2002: 0 (suppressed)
2001: 0 (suppressed)
2000: 0 (suppressed)
1999: 0 (suppressed)

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hawaii, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2019: 07
2018: 0
2017: 0
2016: 0
2015: 0
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 0
2004: 0
2003: 0
2002: 0
2001: 0
2000: 0
1999: 0

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn Hawaii, annual unintentional male shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2019: 07
2018: 0
2017: 0
2016: 0
2015: 0
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 0
2004: 0
2003: 0
2002: 0
2001: 0
2000: 0
1999: 0

Rate of Unintentional Male Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hawaii, the annual rate of unintentional male shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2019: 07
2018: 0
2017: 0
2016: 0
2015: 0
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 0
2004: 0
2003: 0
2002: 0
2001: 0
2000: 0
1999: 0

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn Hawaii, annual unintentional female shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2019: 07
2018: 0
2017: 0
2016: 0 (suppressed)
2015: 0 (suppressed)
2014: 0 (suppressed)
2013: 0 (suppressed)
2012: 0 (suppressed)
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 0
2004: 0
2003: 0
2002: 0
2001: 0
2000: 0
1999: 0

Rate of Unintentional Female Handgun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hawaii, the annual rate of unintentional female shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2019: 07
2018: 0
2017: 0
2016: 0
2015: 0
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 0
2004: 0
2003: 0
2002: 0
2001: 0
2000: 0
1999: 0

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Hawaii, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2019: 07
2018: 0
2017: 0
2016: 0 (suppressed)
2015: 0 (suppressed)
2014: 0 (suppressed)
2013: 0 (suppressed)8
2012: 0 (suppressed)
2011: 0 (suppressed)
2010: 0 (suppressed)
2009: 0 (suppressed)
2008: 0 (suppressed)
2007: 0 (suppressed)
2006: 0 (suppressed)
2005: 0
2004: 0 (suppressed)
2003: 0
2002: 0 (suppressed)
2001: 0
2000: 0
1999: 0 (suppressed)

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hawaii, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2019: 07
2018: 0
2017: 0
2016: 0
2015: 0
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 0
2004: 0
2003: 0
2002: 0
2001: 0
2000: 0
1999: 0

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Hawaii, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2019: 07
2018: 0
2017: 0
2016: 0
2015: 0
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 0
2004: 0
2003: 0
2002: 0
2001: 0
2000: 0
1999: 0

Rate of Male Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hawaii, the annual rate of unknown-cause male shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2019: 07
2018: 0
2017: 0
2016: 0
2015: 0
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 0
2004: 0
2003: 0
2002: 0
2001: 0
2000: 0
1999: 0

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Hawaii, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2019: 07
2018: 0
2017: 0
2016: 0 (suppressed)
2015: 0 (suppressed)
2014: 0 (suppressed)
2013: 0 (suppressed)
2012: 0 (suppressed)
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 0
2004: 0
2003: 0
2002: 0
2001: 0
2000: 0
1999: 0

Rate of Female Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hawaii, the annual rate of unknown-cause female shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2019: 07
2018: 0
2017: 07
2016: 07
2015: 0
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 0
2004: 0
2003: 0
2002: 0
2001: 0
2000: 0
1999: 0

Handgun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Hawaii, annual deaths by handgun in which the cause remains undecided total

2019: 07
2018: 0
2017: 0
2016: 0 (suppressed)
2015: 0 (suppressed)
2014: 0 (suppressed)
2013: 0 (suppressed)
2012: 0 (suppressed)
2011: 0 (suppressed)
2010: 0 (suppressed)
2009: 0 (suppressed)
2008: 0 (suppressed)
2007: 0 (suppressed)
2006: 0 (suppressed)
2005: 0 (suppressed)
2004: 0 (suppressed)
2003: 0 (suppressed)
2002: 0 (suppressed)
2001: 0 (suppressed)
2000: 0 (suppressed)
1999: 0 (suppressed)

Rate of Handgun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hawaii, the annual rate of unknown-cause handgun deaths per 100,000 population is

2019: 07
2018: 0
2017: 0
2016: 0
2015: 0
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 0
2004: 0
2003: 0
2002: 0
2001: 0
2000: 0
1999: 0

Male Handgun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Hawaii, annual male deaths by handgun in which the cause remains undecided total

2019: 07
2018: 0
2017: 0
2016: 0
2015: 0
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 0
2004: 0
2003: 0
2002: 0
2001: 0
2000: 0
1999: 0

Rate of Male Handgun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hawaii, the annual rate of unknown-cause male handgun deaths per 100,000 population is

2019: 07
2018: 0
2017: 07
2016: 07
2015: 0
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 0
2004: 0
2003: 0
2002: 0
2001: 0
2000: 0
1999: 0

Female Handgun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Hawaii, annual female deaths by handgun in which the cause remains undecided total

2019: 07
2018: 0
2017: 0
2016: 0 (suppressed)
2015: 0 (suppressed)
2014: 0 (suppressed)
2013: 0 (suppressed)
2012: 0 (suppressed)
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 0
2004: 0
2003: 0
2002: 0
2001: 0
2000: 0
1999: 0

Rate of Female Handgun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hawaii, the annual rate of unknown-cause female handgun deaths per 100,000 population is

2019: 07
2018: 0
2017: 0
2016: 0
2015: 0
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 0
2004: 0
2003: 0
2002: 0
2001: 0
2000: 0
1999: 0

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Hawaii, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2019: 07
2018: 0
2017: 07
2016: 0 (suppressed)7
2015: 0 (suppressed)
2014: 0 (suppressed)
2013: 0 (suppressed)7
2012: 0 (suppressed)
2011: 0 (suppressed)
2010: 0 (suppressed)
2009: 0 (suppressed)
2008: 0 (suppressed)
2007: 0 (suppressed)
2006: 0 (suppressed)
2005: 0 (suppressed)
2004: 0 (suppressed)
2003: 0 (suppressed)
2002: 0 (suppressed)
2001: 0 (suppressed)
2000: 0 (suppressed)
1999: 0 (suppressed)

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hawaii, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2019: 07
2018: 0
2017: 0
2016: 0
2015: 0
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 0
2004: 0
2003: 0
2002: 0
2001: 0
2000: 0
1999: 0

Male Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Hawaii, annual male deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2019: 07
2018: 0
2017: 07
2016: 07
2015: 0
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 0
2004: 0
2003: 0
2002: 0
2001: 0
2000: 0
1999: 0

Rate of Male Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hawaii, the annual rate of unknown-cause male long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2019: 07
2018: 0
2017: 0
2016: 0
2015: 0
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 0
2004: 0
2003: 0
2002: 0
2001: 0
2000: 0
1999: 0

Female Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Hawaii, annual female deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2019: 07
2018: 0
2017: 0
2016: 0 (suppressed)
2015: 0 (suppressed)
2014: 0 (suppressed)
2013: 0 (suppressed)
2012: 0 (suppressed)
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 0
2004: 0
2003: 0
2002: 0
2001: 0
2000: 0
1999: 0

Rate of Female Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hawaii, the annual rate of unknown-cause female long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2019: 07
2018: 0
2017: 0
2016: 0
2015: 0
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 0
2004: 0
2003: 0
2002: 0
2001: 0
2000: 0
1999: 0

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Hawaii, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2019: 07
2018: 0
2017: 0
2016: 0 (suppressed)
2015: 0 (suppressed)
2014: 0 (suppressed)
2013: 0 (suppressed)
2012: 0 (suppressed)
2011: 0 (suppressed)
2010: 0 (suppressed)
2009: 0 (suppressed)
2008: 0 (suppressed)
2007: 0 (suppressed)
2006: 0 (suppressed)
2005: 0 (suppressed)
2004: 0 (suppressed)
2003: 0 (suppressed)
2002: 0 (suppressed)
2001: 0 (suppressed)
2000: 0 (suppressed)
1999: 0 (suppressed)

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hawaii, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2019: 07
2018: 0
2017: 0
2016: 0
2015: 0
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 0
2004: 0
2003: 0
2002: 0
2001: 0
2000: 0
1999: 0

Male Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Hawaii, annual male deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2019: 07
2018: 0
2017: 07
2016: 07
2015: 0
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 0
2004: 0
2003: 0
2002: 0
2001: 0
2000: 0
1999: 0

Rate of Male Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hawaii, the annual rate of unknown-cause male gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2019: 07
2018: 0
2017: 0
2016: 0
2015: 0
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 0
2004: 0
2003: 0
2002: 0
2001: 0
2000: 0
1999: 0

Female Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Hawaii, annual female deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2019: 07
2018: 0
2017: 0
2016: 0 (suppressed)
2015: 0 (suppressed)
2014: 0 (suppressed)
2013: 0 (suppressed)
2012: 0 (suppressed)
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 0
2004: 0
2003: 0
2002: 0
2001: 0
2000: 0
1999: 0

Rate of Female Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hawaii, the annual rate of unknown-cause female gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2019: 07
2018: 0
2017: 07
2016: 07
2015: 0
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 0
2004: 0
2003: 0
2002: 0
2001: 0
2000: 0
1999: 0

Legal Intervention Gun Homicides

ChartIn Hawaii, annual legal-intervention gun homicides total

2019: 07
2018: 0
2017: 0
2016: 0 (suppressed)
2015: 0 (suppressed)
2014: 0 (suppressed)
2013: 0 (suppressed)
2012: 0 (suppressed)
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0 (suppressed)
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 0 (suppressed)
2004: 0
2003: 0
2002: 0
2001: 0 (suppressed)17
2000: 0
1999: 0
1998: 5
1997: 3
1996: 3
1995: 2

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Origin of Crime Guns

Suppliers of Crime Guns to Other US States (Rate)

When crime guns seized in the United States were traced, interstate gun traffickers had sourced their weapons from Hawaii at a rate of 2.318 per 100,000 inhabitants

Suppliers of Crime Guns to Other US States (Rank)

When crime guns seized in the United States were traced, Hawaii ranked at No. 5018 out of 51 US jurisdictions as a source of weapons for interstate gun trafficking

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Hawaii is categorised as restrictive19

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Hawaii includes the Hawaii Revised Statutes and the Constitution of Hawaii 197820

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Hawaii are regulated by the local and state governments (as long as local regulations do not conflict with State law)21 22 23

Right to Possess Firearms

In Hawaii, the right to private gun ownership is conditionally guaranteed by the US Constitution,24 as limited by federal law25 and state law26 22 23

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Hawaii, civilians are not allowed to possess assault pistols27 and large capacity ammunition magazines,28 but civilians are allowed to possess other types of assault weapons,27 machine guns29 and .50 calibre rifles30 22 23

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Hawaii, private possession of fully automatic weapons is permitted subject to federal licensing and registration31 29 22 23

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Hawaii, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is prohibited (assault pistols)27 22 23

Regulation of Handguns

In Hawaii, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence,32 33 except for assault pistols27 22 23

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Hawaii, non-prohibited persons of minimum age33 and with a licence32 22 23 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Hawaii is 21 years, but 16 years for shotguns and rifles34 22 23

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Hawaii must pass a background check which considers criminal, addiction, mental health and restraining order33 32 22 23 records

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Hawaii does not stipulate (restraining and protective order only)35 22 23 that firearm possession should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Hawaii, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required for handguns32 22 23

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Hawaii, the law requires36 22 23 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Hawaii, licensed firearm dealers are not required37 22 23 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Hawaii, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited without a permit to acquire38 32 22 23

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Hawaii, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful39 32 22 23

Background Checks for Private Gun Sales

The buyer of a firearm in a private sale in Hawaii is obliged38 32 40 22 23 to pass official background checks before taking possession

Background Checks for Dealer Gun Sales

The buyer of a firearm from a licensed gun dealer in Hawaii is obliged40 22 23 to pass official background checks before taking possession

Limit on Gun Dealer Sales

In Hawaii, the number and type of firearms which can be sold by a licensed gun dealer to a single gun owner is not limited41 22 23

Number of Licensed Gun Dealers

ChartThe number of licensed firearm dealers in Hawaii is reported to be

2019: 22542
2018: 24343
2017: 23844
2015: 28845
2014: 30046
2013: 30847
2012: 27848
2011: 25449

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In Hawaii, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is 14 days50 22 23

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Hawaii, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are not regulated51 22 23 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Hawaii include (handguns only)32 52 22 23 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private guns and ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Hawaii do not include53 22 23 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Although regulations in Hawaii do not include52 22 23 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit, US federal law does apply54

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Hawaii, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit for handguns and long guns55 22 23

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Hawaii, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit56 22 23

Hidden Handgun Permit May, or Shall Be Issued

In Hawaii, local licensing authorities "may issue", with room for discretion,56 57 22 23 a hidden handgun carry permit to any non-prohibited person who applies

Reciprocity for Hidden Handgun Permit Holders

In Hawaii, gun owners with a permit to carry hidden handguns issued in another jurisdiction are not granted56 22 23 reciprocal rights

Exempting Hidden Handgun Permit Holders from Background Checks

In Hawaii, gun owners with a valid permit to carry a hidden handgun are exempt58 22 23 from background checks when buying from a licensed gun dealer

Gun Free Zones

In Hawaii, private guns are prohibited in aircraft,59 schools (for pupils)60 and public highways (with few exceptions)61 22 23

Grading US State Gun Laws

Gun Law Ranking – LCPGV

In their 'A-F' State Scorecard of US gun laws, the Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence ranked Hawaii as ‘B+’62

Gun Law Ranking – Brady Campaign

ChartIn its annual State Scorecard, the Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence scored firearm legislation in Hawaii on a scale of 0 points (weak) to 100 points (strong)

2011: 5063
2010: 5064
2009: 4265
2008: 4366
2007: 4367

Gun Law Ranking – Open Society Institute

In its Comparative Survey of State Firearm Laws, the Open Society Institute ranked Hawaii at No. 268 among 50 US States

BackgroundSustainable Development Goal Profile

About SDG 16

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are 17 goals set by the United Nations to be implemented by all member states by 2030. Adopted in 2015, they outline a vision of development in which peace and security are an integral part. SDG 16,69 which seeks to “promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development,” includes targets and indicators focused on reducing violence (Target 16.1) and the proliferation of illicit arms (Target 16.4). The indicators – or measurement criteria – of these targets include the number of victims of intentional homicide (Indicator 16.1.1), the number of conflict-related deaths (Indicator 16.1.2), and the number of illicit firearms collected and traced (Indicator 16.4.2). In light of these targets and indicators, GunPolicy.org provides granular national data pertaining to homicides, gun homicides, conflict deaths, disarmament efforts, and marking and tracing.

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Hawaii, annual homicides by any means total

2019: 357
2018: 40
2017: 33
2016: 39
2015: 31
2014: 28
2013: 338
2012: 22
2011: 16
2010: 24
2009: 23
2008: 27
2007: 23
2006: 28
2005: 25
2004: 31
2003: 20
2002: 38
2001: 32
2000: 35
1999: 38

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Hawaii, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2019: 2.477
2018: 2.82
2017: 2.31
2016: 2.73
2015: 2.17
2014: 1.97
2013: 2.35
2012: 1.58
2011: 1.16
2010: 1.76
2009: 1.71
2008: 2.03
2007: 1.75
2006: 2.14
2005: 1.93
2004: 2.43
2003: 1.60
2002: 3.07
2001: 2.61
2000: 2.89
1999: 3.14

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Hawaii, annual male homicides by any means total

2019: 257
2018: 30
2017: 24
2016: 26
2015: 22
2014: 20
2013: 23
2012: 18
2011: 12
2010: 9
2009: 13
2008: 18
2007: 13
2006: 16
2005: 18
2004: 24
2003: 13
2002: 25
2001: 21
2000: 22
1999: 27

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Hawaii, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2019: 3.537
2018: 4.22
2017: 3.35
2016: 3.62
2015: 3.03
2014: 2.79
2013: 3.24
2012: 2.56
2011: 1.74
2010: 1.32
2009: 1.93
2008: 2.70
2007: 1.97
2006: 2.43
2005: 2.78
2004: 3.77
2003: 2.07
2002: 4.01
2001: 3.40
2000: 3.61
1999: 4.44

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Hawaii, annual female homicides by any means total

2019: 107
2018: 10
2017: 9
2016: 13
2015: 9
2014: 8
2013: 10
2012: 4
2011: 4
2010: 15
2009: 10
2008: 9
2007: 10
2006: 12
2005: 7
2004: 7
2003: 7
2002: 13
2001: 11
2000: 13
1999: 11

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Hawaii, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2019: 1.417
2018: 1.41
2017: 1.27
2016: 1.83
2015: 1.27
2014: 1.14
2013: 1.44
2012: 0.58
2011: 0.58
2010: 2.21
2009: 1.49
2008: 1.35
2007: 1.52
2006: 1.84
2005: 1.09
2004: 1.10
2003: 1.12
2002: 2.11
2001: 1.81
2000: 2.16
1999: 1.83

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Hawaii, annual firearm homicides total

2019: 147
2018: 20
2017: 0
2016: 22
2015: 0 (suppressed)
2014: 0 (suppressed)
2013: 0 (suppressed)8
2012: 0 (suppressed)
2011: 0 (suppressed)
2010: 0 (suppressed)
2009: 10
2008: 11
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 0
2004: 0
2003: 10
2002: 15
2001: 0
2000: 0
1999: 19

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hawaii, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2019: 0.997
2018: 1.41
2017: 0
2016: 1.54
2015: 0
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0.74
2008: 0.83
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 0
2004: 0
2003: 0.80
2002: 1.21
2001: 0
2000: 0
1999: 1.57

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Hawaii, annual male firearm homicides total

2019: 127
2018: 14
2017: 0
2016: 14
2015: 0
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 0
2004: 0
2003: 0
2002: 12
2001: 0
2000: 0
1999: 16

Rate of Male Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hawaii, the annual rate of male firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2019: 1.697
2018: 1.97
2017: 0
2016: 1.95
2015: 0
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 0
2004: 0
2003: 0
2002: 1.92
2001: 0
2000: 0
1999: 2.63

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Hawaii, annual female firearm homicides total

2019: 27
2018: 6
2017: 0
2016: 8
2015: 0 (suppressed)
2014: 0 (suppressed)
2013: 0 (suppressed)
2012: 0 (suppressed)
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 0
2004: 0
2003: 0
2002: 3
2001: 0
2000: 0
1999: 3

Rate of Female Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hawaii, the annual rate of female firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2019: 0.287
2018: 0.85
2017: 0
2016: 1.13
2015: 0
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 0
2004: 0
2003: 0
2002: 0.49
2001: 0
2000: 0
1999: 0.50

Marking and Tracing

Firearm Marking

In Hawaii, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law70 71 72 73 22 23

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Hawaii, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are not74 22 23 recorded in a register

Global Peace Index

To see where Hawaii ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index, and then click on Hawaii on the map or in the "Select Country" menu on the right of the web page


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North Carolina State Center for Health Statistics.2002.‘Question: Are any firearms now kept in or around your home? Include those kept in a garage, outdoor storage area, car, truck, or other motor vehicle.’ BRFSS Survey Results 2001 for Nationwide.Atlanta, GA:Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System / BRFSS, US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention / CDC,2 September. (Q8391)Full Citation

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